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1.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 21: e20226559, 01 jan 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1378211

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The current study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of group counseling on quality of life and symptom severity among university students with Premenstrual Syndrome. METHOD: After filling in PSST and participating in SCID-CV, 120 students answered the demographic and WHOQOL questionnaires. Using classified random sampling, they were divided into control and intervention groups. The Intervention Group participants attended six group counseling ses-sions. They post-tested at two moments (immediate post-test and after one month). RESULTS: The results of the immediate post-test indicated improvements in overall quality and in some domains (p<0.005) in the Intervention Group, and the second post-test showed an improvement in two of the domains (p<0.005). One month later, some symptoms were clearly improved in the Intervention Group (p<0.005). CONCLUSION: Group counseling improved the students' quality of life and severity of the Premenstrual Syndrome symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Quality of Life , Students, Health Occupations , Universities , Premenstrual Syndrome , Counseling
2.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 44: e20200176, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377450

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the effectiveness of tele-counseling for the mental health of staff working in hospitals and reference clinics during the COVID-19 outbreak. Methods In the first stage of the study, using a convenience sampling strategy, 313 staff members working at Iran's hospitals and COVID-19 clinics answered a Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Short Health Anxiety Inventory online. In a second stage, 95 staff members who were willing to participate in the intervention were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 51) or control (n = 44) groups. The intervention consisted of seven intensive tele-counseling sessions. Results In the first stage, the percentages of anxiety and depression related to coronavirus were 79.2% and 82.1% and the mean health anxiety score was 17.42. In the intervention phase, anxiety related to coronavirus and to perceived risk of illness (likelihood of illness) were significantly lower in the intervention group in comparison with the control group (p = 0.001). Depression related to coronavirus and anxiety related to the negative consequences of infection were non-significantly reduced in the intervention group compared to the control group (p = 0.08 and 0.12; respectively). Conclusion Continuous monitoring of the negative psychological impacts on medical staff of outbreaks as well as implementation of appropriate interventions to respond to them should be emphasized in order to improve staff mental health. Clinical trial registration: Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials, IRCT20170611034452N11.

3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(12): 919-925, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357095

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Endometriosis is a hormone-dependent chronic inflammatory disease with symptoms such as pelvic pain, which affect the physical, emotional, and social health of women in reproductive age. The current overview article aims to explore the effect of complementary medicine on the treatment or in mitigating the risk of endometriosis. Methods This is an overview article done in Iran. Two separate researchers systematically searched 3 databases (Medline, Scopus, and Cochrane Central Register Trials) until September 2020. The methodological quality of each study was assessed using the assessment of multiple systematic reviews (AMSTAR) tool. Results The results of two reviews suggested that physical activity, tobacco smoking, diet, coffee and caffeine intake had no effect on mitigating the risk of endometriosis or improving its treatment, but acupuncture successfully reduced pain and related marker (serum CA-125) levels. Conclusion As endometriosis is an annoying disease with many complications and is hard to diagnose and treat, related studies in complementary medicine can help patients with endometriosis. Based on the relevant literature review, among the complementary medicine available for the treatment or to mitigate the risk of endometriosis, only acupuncture seems to alleviate the pain of endometriosis.


Resumo Objetivo A endometriose é uma doença inflamatória crônica hormono-dependente com sintomas como dores pélvicas, que afetam a saúde física, emocional e social de mulheres em idade reprodutiva. O presente artigo de visão geral tem como objetivo explorar o efeito da medicina complementar no tratamento ou na mitigação do risco de endometriose. Métodos Trata-se de um artigo de visão geral feito no Irã. Dois pesquisadores separados pesquisaram sistematicamente 3 bancos de dados (Medline, Scopus e Cochrane Central Register Trials) até setembro de 2020. A qualidade metodológica de cada estudo foi avaliada usando a ferramenta avaliação da qualidade dos relatos de revisão sistemática (AMSTAR, na sigla em inglês). Resultados Os resultados de duas revisões sugeriram que atividade física, tabagismo, dieta, consumo de café e cafeína não tiveram efeito na redução do risco de endometriose ou na melhoria do tratamento, mas a acupuntura reduziu com sucesso a dor e os níveis de marcadores relacionados (CA-125 sérico). Conclusão Como a endometriose é uma doença incômoda, com muitas complicações e de difícil diagnóstico e tratamento, estudos relacionados em medicina complementar podem ajudar pacientes com endometriose. Com base na revisão da literatura relevante, entre os medicamentos complementares disponíveis para o tratamento ou risco de endometriose, apenas a acupuntura parece aliviar a dor da endometriose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Complementary Therapies , Endometriosis/prevention & control , Exercise , Pelvic Pain/etiology , Pelvic Pain/prevention & control , Iran
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(11): 826-833, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357077

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The psychosocial burden of infertility among couples can be one of the most important reasons for women's emotional disturbance. The goal of the present study was to investigate the effect of counseling on different emotional aspects of infertile women. Methods The present randomized clinical trial was performed on 60 couples with primary infertility who were referred for treatment for the first time and did not receive psychiatric or psychological treatment. Samples were allocated to an intervention group (30 couples) and a control group (30 couples) by simple randomization. The intervention group received infertility counseling for 6 45-minute sessions twice a week, and the control group received routine care. The Screening on Distress in Fertility Treatment (SCREENIVF) questionnaire was completed before and after the intervention. Samples were collected from November to December 2016 for 3 months. For the data analysis, we used the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, United States) software, version 19.0, and the paired t-test, the independent t-test, the Mann-Whitney test, the Wilcoxon test, and the Chi-squared test. Results The mean age of the participants was 33.39±5.67 years. All studied couples had primary infertility and no children. The mean duration of the couples' infertilitywas 3 years. There was a significant difference regarding depression (1.55±1.92; p<0.0001), social support (15.73±3.41; p<0.0001), and cognitions regarding domains of fertility problems (26.48±3.05; p=0.001) between the 2 groups after the intervention, but there was no significant difference regarding anxiety (25.03±3.09; p=0.35). Conclusion The findings showed that infertility counseling did not affect the total score of infertile women' emotional status, but improved the domains of it except, anxiety.


Resumo Objetivo A carga psicossocial da infertilidade entre casais pode ser uma das razões mais importantes para os distúrbios emocionais emmulheres. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o efeito do aconselhamento em diferentes aspectos emocionais de mulheres inférteis. Métodos Este ensaio clínico randomizado foi realizado com 60 casais com infertilidade primária indicados para tratamento pela primeira vez mas que não receberam tratamento psiquiátrico ou psicológico. As amostras foram alocadas em um grupo de intervenção (30 casais) e um grupo de controle (30 casais) por randomização simples. O grupo de intervenção recebeu aconselhamento sobre infertilidade por 6 sessões de 45 minutos 2 vezes por semana e o grupo controle recebeu cuidados de rotina. O questionário de Triagem por Aflição no Tratamento da Infertilidade (Screening on Distress in Fertility Treatment SCREENIVF em inglês) foi preenchido antes e após a intervenção. As amostras foramcoletadas de novembro a dezembro de 2016 durante 3 meses. Para a análise dos dados usamos o programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows IBMCorp. Armonk NY Estados Unidos) versão 19.0 e os testes-t pareado e independente e os testes de Mann-Whitney de Wilcoxon e do qui quadrado. Resultados A média de idade dos participantes foi de 33 39 ± 5 67 anos. Todos os casais estudados tinham infertilidade primária e não tinham filhos. A duraçãomédia da infertilidade dos casais era de 3 anos. Houve diferença significativa quanto à depressão (1 55±1 92; p<0 0001) ao apoio social (15 73±3 41; p <0 0001) e às cognições em relação aos campos dos problemas de fertilidade (26 48±3 05; p=0 001) entre dois grupos após a intervenção mas não houve diferença significativa com relação à ansiedade (25 03±3 09; p=0 35). Conclusão Os achados mostraram que o aconselhamento sobre infertilidade não afetou a pontuação total do estado emocional de mulheres inférteis mas melhorou seus campos exceto a ansiedade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Infertility, Female/therapy , Anxiety , Counseling , Affective Symptoms , Emotions
5.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(7): 513-521, July 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347248

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Early marriage has many deleterious effects on the health of girls, such as sexual dissatisfaction, an inevitable result of the lack of sufficient knowledge about sexual issues at the time of the marriage. The goal of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of counseling based on functional analytic psychotherapy with enhanced cognitive therapy (FECT) on the sexual quality of life of married adolescent women. Methods This clinical trial was conducted between July and October 2019 on 150 married adolescent women who met the inclusion criteria. In the intervention group, FECTwas conducted in sixteen 90-minute sessions twice a week. The Sexual Quality of Life-Female (SQOL-F) questionnaire was used. When the study ended, the control group was given the choice of receiving the same intervention as the intervention group. Results The paired t-test showed a significant difference between the mean score of sexual quality of life before (52.33±23.09) and after (88.08±10.51) counseling in the intervention group (p<0.0001). According to the analysis of covariance, there was a significant difference between the score on sexual quality after counseling between the intervention (88.08±10.51) and control (60.32±23.73) groups (p<0.0001). There was also a significant difference between the mean score on the four dimensions of sexual quality of life in the intervention group (p<0.0001). Conclusion The results showed that counseling based on FECT improved the sexual quality of life in all dimensions in married adolescent women.


Resumo Objetivo O casamento precoce tem muitos efeitos deletérios sobre a saúde das meninas, como a insatisfação sexual, resultado inevitável da falta de conhecimento suficiente sobre questões sexuais no momento do casamento. O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a eficácia do aconselhamento baseado em psicoterapia analítica funcional com terapia cognitiva aprimorada (FECT) na qualidade de vida sexual de mulheres adolescentes casadas. Métodos Este ensaio clínico foi realizado entre julho e outubro de 2019 em 150 mulheres adolescentes casadas que preencheram os critérios de inclusão. No grupo de intervenção, FECT foi realizado em dezesseis sessões de 90 minutos duas vezes por semana. Foi utilizado o questionário Sexual Quality of Life-Female (SQOL-F). Quando o estudo terminou o grupo de controle teve a opção de receber a mesma intervenção do grupo de intervenção. Resultados O teste t pareado mostrou diferença significativa entre o escore médio da qualidade de vida sexual antes (52,33±23,09) e após (88,08±10,51) o aconselhamento no grupo intervenção (p<0,0001). De acordo com a análise de covariância houve diferença significativa entre o escore de qualidade sexual após aconselhamento entre os grupos intervenção (88,08±10,51) e controle (60,32±23,73) (p<0,0001). Também houve diferença significativa entre a pontuação média nas quatro dimensões da qualidade de vida sexual no grupo de intervenção (p<0,0001). Conclusão Os resultados mostraram que o aconselhamento baseado no FECT melhorou a qualidade de vida sexual em todas as dimensões em mulheres adolescentes casadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Marriage , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Quality of Life , Sexual Behavior , Counseling
6.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(5): 362-367, May 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288561

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of the present study is to explain the barriers to puberty talk between mothers and daughters. Methods In the present study, the conventional content analysis method was used. The present study was conducted from September 2018 to August 2019 in Iran. The study population consisted of mothers and adolescent girls. The data was collected using purposeful sampling method. The sample consisted of 4 mothers and 6 girls that were interviewed using semistructured interviews. Data collection continued until data saturation was achieved. Data analysis was conducted as described by Graneheimet al. using NVivo 11 software. Results In the present study, after exploring the views of the participants about barriers to puberty talk between mothers and daughters, one dominant theme emerged. Puberty talk is seen as an "inappropriate talk with a girl." There were several subthemes, including "lack of mother's awareness regarding the school role, the busy schedule of the mother, and the adoption of alternatives to mother's talk with girls". Conclusions Different sociocultural factors affect puberty talk between mothers and adolescent girls. It is important thatmothers and policymakers take these barriers intoaccount.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Nuclear Family/psychology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Puberty/physiology , Mothers/psychology , Interviews as Topic , Puberty/psychology , Qualitative Research , Mother-Child Relations
7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 275-282, Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280046

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Childbirth is a biological, psychological, and sociological event that can be a positive or negative experience, and, without support, this period may be potentially damaging. Parturition may distort maternal emotions and lead to short- or long-term disorders such as postpartum depression and anxiety. The present research aims to study the effects of dialectic behavioral therapy-based counseling on depression, anxiety symptoms, and postpartum hematocrit level. Methods The current research is a clinical trial study, and the sample was selected using parturients who were referred to the Health General Center with a diagnosis of postpartum depression and anxiety. The sample size consisted of 116 subjects who agreed to participate in the study. The patients in intervention group underwent group dialectic behavioral counseling (10 sessions/one session per week) and the control group did not receive any type of intervention. The patients were assessed in the first and last sessions as well as 2 months after the end of the sessions, using the Beck depression scale and Spielberg anxiety scale as well as the results of hematocrit tests. Data were analyzed using the IBMSPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0 (IBMCorp., Armonk, NY, USA) Results The results implied the effectiveness of dialectic behavioral therapy on reduction of the depression score, anxiety symptoms (p-value ≤ 0.0001), and hematocrit level (p-value=0.04). The participants' depression, anxiety, and hematocrit levels decreased in the experiment group compared to the control group, and this decrease has remained until the 2-month follow-up. Conclusion It seems that dialectic behavioral counseling reduces the levels of postpartum depression, anxiety, and hematocrits.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Anxiety/blood , Anxiety/therapy , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy/methods , Depression, Postpartum/blood , Depression, Postpartum/therapy , Counseling/methods , Hematocrit , Follow-Up Studies
8.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(6): 333-339, June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137845

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Sexual function is a multidimensional phenomenon that is affected by many biological and psychological factors. Cognitive-behavioral sex therapies are among themost common nonpharmacological approaches to psychosexual problems. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of psychoeducational and cognitive-behavioral counseling on female sexual dysfunction. Methods The present study was a clinical trial with intervention and control groups. The study population consisted of women referring to the general clinic of a governmental hospital in Iran. After completing the demographic questionnaire and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), those who obtained the cutoff score ≤ 28 were contacted and invited to participate in the study. Convenience sampling method was used and 35 subjects were randomly allocated for each group. Eight counseling sessions were held for the intervention group (two/week/1.5 hour). Post-test was taken from both groups after 1 month, and the results were statistically analyzed by PASW Statistics for Windows, Version 18 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Results The total mean scores of FSFI and the subscales of sexual desire, arousal, orgasm, and satisfaction were significantly higher in the intervention group than in the control group after the intervention. In addition, postintervention pain mean scores in the intervention group were significantly lower than in the control group (p < 0.05). Conclusion The results of the present study indicate that psychoeducational cognitive- behavioral counseling is effective in improving female sexual function. It is recommended to compare the effects of psychoeducational cognitive-behavioral counseling on sexual dysfunctions of couples and with a larger sample size in future research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/psychology , Counseling , Surveys and Questionnaires , Women's Health , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/therapy , Iran
9.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 42(2): 122-128, Apr.-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139814

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Misunderstanding of different aspects of sex makes individuals vulnerable to sexual dysfunction, sexually transmitted diseases, mental disorders, and illegal relationships. This study aimed to determine the effect of cognitive behavioral counseling on the sexual self-concept of female students at Kerman University of Medical Sciences. Methods This study is an intervention conducted with female students living in dormitories at Kerman and Rafsanjan Universities of Medical Sciences. The sample size was estimated at 63 students from different fields of study; 31 students from Kerman University of Medical Sciences comprised the experimental group and 32 students from Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences comprised the control group. Cognitive behavioral group counseling sessions were held every 3 days. The instrument used for collecting pre-test and post-test data was Snell's Multidimensional Sexual Self-concept Questionnaire. Data analysis was conducted using measures of central tendency, t tests and chi-square tests. Results The two groups were homogenous in terms of demographic factors. Analysis of the results of the intervention revealed significant differences in sexual self-consciousness and motivation to avoid high risk sexual relationships, but there was no significant difference in terms of sexual depression. Discussion Cognitive behavioral group counseling can improve sexual self-concept. Therefore, this type of counseling is recommended from younger ages or at enrollment at university, to help correct development of this important part of identity.

10.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 41(3): 276-282, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043528

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Preeclampsia is a serious complication during pregnancy that not only influences maternal and fetal physical health, but also has maternal mental health outcomes such as anxiety. Prenatal anxiety has negative short- and long-term effects on pre- and postpartum maternal mental health, delivery, and mental health in subsequent pregnancies. Objective To investigate the effectiveness of individual psycho-educational counseling on anxiety in pregnant women with preeclampsia. Methods This was a randomized, intervention-controlled study involving two governmental hospitals in the municipality of Sirjan, Kerman, from January 30 2017 to March 31 2017. A total of 44 pregnant women with preeclampsia were assessed. The women were randomized into two groups: control (n=22) and intervention (n=22). The intervention consisted of two sessions of individual psycho-educational counseling. The level of anxiety was measured using the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) as pretest before the first session and as posttest after the second session during the hospitalization period. Results There was a significant reduction in the anxiety level after the counselling sessions in the intervention group (p<0.005). In addition, there was a slight increase in the anxiety level in the control group after the study. Conclusion According to the results, psycho-educational counseling can significantly reduce the anxiety level in pregnant women with preeclampsia. Therefore, it is recommended that healthcare providers provide this type of therapeutic intervention for pregnant women after hospitalization, in order to reduce their anxiety level and its subsequent negative outcomes. Clinical trial registration: IRCT2017082029817N3.


Resumo Introdução A pré-eclâmpsia é uma complicação séria durante a gravidez que não apenas influencia a saúde física da mãe e do feto, mas também tem consequências para a saúde mental materna, por exemplo ansiedade. A ansiedade pré-natal tem efeitos negativos e de longo prazo sobre a saúde mental da mãe antes e após o parto, sobre o parto, assim como sobre a saúde mental em gestações subsequentes. Objetivo Investigar a eficácia do aconselhamento psicoeducacional individual com relação aos níveis de ansiedade em gestantes com pré-eclâmpsia. Métodos Este foi um estudo randomizado, controlado, que envolveu dois hospitais governamentais na cidade de Sirjan, Kerman, de 30 de janeiro de 2017 a 31 de março de 2017. Um total de 42 gestantes com pré-eclâmpsia foram avaliadas. As mulheres foram randomicamente divididas em dois grupos: controle (n=22) e intervenção (n=22). A intervenção consistiu de duas sessões de aconselhamento psicoeducacional individual. O nível de ansiedade foi medido usando-se o Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) antes da primeira sessão (pré-teste) e após a segunda seção (pós-teste), durante o período de hospitalização. Resultados Houve uma redução significativa no nível de ansiedade após as sessões de aconselhamento no grupo intervenção (p<0,005). Além disso, houve um discreto aumento no nível de ansiedade no grupo controle após o estudo. Conclusão De acordo com os resultados deste estudo, o aconselhamento psicoeducacional pode reduzir de forma significativa o nível de ansiedade em gestantes com pré-eclâmpsia. Assim, recomenda-se que os profissionais de saúde ofereçam esse tipo de intervenção terapêutica para gestantes após a hospitalização, a fim de reduzir o nível de ansiedade e seus desfechos negativos. Registro do ensaio clínico: IRCT2017082029817N3.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety Disorders/therapy , Pre-Eclampsia/psychology , Psychotherapy/methods , Patient Education as Topic/methods , Counseling/methods , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Prenatal Care , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
11.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(8): 500-507, Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042324

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study was conducted with the objective of investigating the effectiveness of solution-focused group counseling (SFGC) on promoting the mental health of midwifery students. Methods The present study is an intervention-based study with a pretest, a post-test, and a control group. The statistical population included all of the midwifery students studying in the midwifery department of the Bam University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, who filled out the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) in the screening phase. In the second phase, 40 individuals, having a low level of mental health based on the cutoff score of 23, were selected and randomly divided into 2 groups (intervention and control), each group with 20 participants. The intervention group participated in 5 sessions of 75 minutes for SFGC. Then, the post-test was held in both groups and the data analysis was conducted using the Mann-Whitney and the Kruskal-Wallis test with IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0 (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY, USA). The significance level was considered as p < 0.05. Results The findings showed that the mean of the post-test mental health scores of the intervention group (14.5 ± 50.35) and of the control group (23.6 ± 35.83) showed a statistically significant difference (p < 0.0001). Moreover, the comparison between the mean scores of the mental health subscales (physical symptoms, stress, social performance, and depression) showed a statistically significant difference in these groups, and SFGC improved physical symptoms, stress, social performance, and depression in the members of the intervention group. Conclusion Solution-focused group counseling may improve all levels of mental health. This type of counseling is recommended to be used to solve the psychological problemsand to improve the mental health of students, as well as of the staff of the health system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students/psychology , Counseling/methods , Mental Health Services , Midwifery/education , Anxiety/therapy , Mental Health , Occupational Stress/therapy
12.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 39(2): 88-97, Apr.-June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-904578

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Anxiety disorders in primary school-aged children negatively affect their mental health and psychological development. Available non-medical treatments for these conditions are time-consuming and expensive. In this context, eclectic therapy is a therapeutic approach that incorporates some therapeutic techniques and philosophies to create the ideal treatment. In this study, eclectic therapy consisted of art therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy designed for children suffering from high level of anxiety in their middle childhood years. The therapy also included group guidance sessions for their mothers. The effectiveness of this intervention was examined in the study. Methods 61 students aged 9-12 years with high levels of anxiety participated in the study. Intervention A (n = 20) consisted of 9-hour eclectic therapy for children with 3-hour group guidance sessions for their mothers. Intervention B (n = 20) consisted of 9-hour eclectic therapy for children. There was also a control group (n = 21). Results Teacher ratings of children's mental health difficulties and self-report ratings of anxiety disorders indicated a significant difference from pretest to posttest, revealing a large effect size between the two interventions. Higher levels of pretest scores significantly predicted higher posttest scores for all domains of anxiety and mental health difficulties. Furthermore, age, gender, mothers working a 15-hour day, mother's educational level, parental divorce rates, parental death, and family monthly income predicted therapy outcomes. Conclusion Results provide support for the effectiveness of eclectic art and CBT to improve children's mental health and reduce anxiety through changing thoughts, beliefs, emotions, and behaviors that may cause fear and anxiety.


Resumo Introdução Transtornos de ansiedade em escolares afetam sua saúde mental e seu desenvolvimento psicológico. Tratamentos alternativos disponíveis consomem tempo e são dispendiosos. Nesse contexto, a terapia eclética é uma abordagem terapêutica que incorpora algumas técnicas e filosofias terapêuticas para criar o tratamento ideal. Neste estudo, terapia eclética consistiu de terapia artística e terapia cognitivo-comportamental (TCC) planejada para escolares com altos níveis de ansiedade. A terapia também incluiu sessões de orientação em grupo para as mães. A eficácia da intervenção foi examinada. Métodos 61 escolares com idade de 9-12 anos e altos níveis de ansiedade participaram do estudo. A intervenção A (n = 20) consistiu de 9 horas de terapia eclética para crianças com sessões de 3 horas de orientação em grupo para as mães. A intervenção B (n = 20) consistiu de 9 horas de terapia eclética para crianças. Houve também um grupo controle (n = 21). Resultados Escores atribuídos pelos professores às dificuldades de saúde mental das crianças e escores de ansiedade autoaplicados indicaram diferenças significativas entre resultados pré-teste e pós-teste, revelando grande tamanho de efeito entre as duas intervenções. Escores pré-teste maiores foram preditores significativos de escores pós-teste mais altos para todos os domínios de ansiedade e dificuldades de saúde mental. Idade, gênero, mães trabalhando 15 horas/dia, nível educacional da mãe, índice de divórcio, morte de um dos pais e renda familiar mensal foram preditores de desfechos da terapia. Conclusão Os resultados sugerem a eficácia de arte eclética e TCC para melhorar a saúde mental de crianças e reduzir a ansiedade através de mudança em pensamentos, crenças, emoções e comportamentos que possam causar medo e ansiedade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Anxiety Disorders/therapy , Art Therapy/methods , Rural Population , Socioeconomic Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Counseling , Self Report , School Teachers , Mothers
13.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 38(1): 14-22, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-779110

ABSTRACT

Introduction Pediatric anxiety disorders are the most common mental health disorders in the middle-childhood age group. The purpose of this study is to assess anxiety disorder symptoms, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV), in a large community sample of low socioeconomic level rural children and to investigate some of the psychometric properties (internal consistency, construct and convergent validity and items rated as often or always experienced) of the Malay version of the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale - Child version (SCAS-C). Method Six hundred children aged 9-11 and 424 of their parents completely answered the child or parent versions of the SCAS. Results Results indicated that the internal reliability of subscales were moderate to adequate. Significant correlations between child and parent reports supported the measure's concurrent validity. Additionally, anxiety levels in this Malaysian sample were lower than among South-African children and higher than among their Western peers. There were both similarities and differences between symptom items reported as often or always experienced by Malaysian students and by children from other cultures. Confirmatory factor analysis provided evidence of the existence of five inter-correlated factors for anxiety disorders based on SCAS-C. Conclusion Although some of the instrument's psychometric properties deviated from those observed in some other countries, it nevertheless appears to be useful for assessing childhood anxiety symptoms in this country.


Introdução Transtornos de ansiedade são a doença de saúde mental mais comum em crianças na terceira infância. O objetivo deste estudo foi examinar sintomas de transtorno de ansiedade conforme definidos na 4ª edição do Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais (DSM-IV) em uma grande amostra comunitária de crianças de baixo nível socioeconômico vivendo em zona rural na Malásia e investigar as propriedades psicométricas (consistência interna, construto, validade convergente e frequência de respostas muitas vezes e sempre) da versão malaia da Escala de Ansiedade Infantil de Spence - Versão para Crianças. Método Um total de 600 crianças com idade entre 9 e 11 anos e 424 pais responderam todas as questões das versões da escala para crianças e para pais. Resultados Os resultados indicaram que a confiabilidade interna das subescalas variou de moderada a suficiente. Correlações significativas entre os relatos das crianças e de seus pais reforçaram a validade convergente do instrumento. O nível de ansiedade observado na amostra de crianças malaias foi menor do o nível relatado para crianças na África do Sul e maior do que em crianças de países ocidentais. A frequência das respostas escolhidas pelos estudantes malaios demonstrou algumas similaridades e diferenças em relação a outras culturas. A análise fatorial confirmatória revelou evidência da presença de cinco fatores inter-relacionados para transtorno de ansiedade com base na escala avaliada. Conclusão Embora algumas propriedades psicométricas do instrumento avaliado tenham desviado dos resultados obtidos em outros países, a escala parece útil para avaliar sintomas de ansiedade na infância na Malásia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Anxiety Disorders/diagnosis , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Parents , Psychometrics , Rural Population , Socioeconomic Factors , Sex Factors , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Age Factors , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Malaysia
14.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 37(1): 37-41, Jan-Mar/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-742992

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Anxiety among children has increased in recent years. Culturally adapted questionnaires developed to measure the level of anxiety are the best screening instruments for the general population. This study describes the scientific translation and adaptation of the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS) into the Malay language. Method: The process of scientific translation of this selfreport instrument followed the guidelines of the Task Force for Translation and Cultural Adaptation of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). Results: The Malay version and its adaptation for a new cultural context are described. Conclusion: The Malay version achieved the aims of the original version and its conceptual and operational equivalence. It may be used as the first Malay instrument to measure anxiety among children in research and in clinical and community settings. .


Introdução: A ansiedade infantil tem crescido em anos recentes. Questionários culturalmente adaptados e desenvolvidos para medir o nível de ansiedade são os melhores instrumentos de triagem para a população em geral. Este estudo descreve a tradução e adaptação científica da Escala de Ansiedade Infantil de Spence para a língua malásia. Método: O processo de tradução científica deste instrumento de autorrelato seguiu as orientações da Força-Tarefa para a Tradução e Adaptação Cultural da International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). Resultados: A versão malásia e sua adaptação para um novo contexto cultural são descritas. Conclusão: A versão malásia atingiu os objetivos da versão original e sua equivalência conceitual e operacional. Poderá ser usada como o primeiro instrumento malásio para medir ansiedade entre crianças em contextos de pesquisa, clínicos ou comunitários. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Anxiety Disorders/diagnosis , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Surveys and Questionnaires , Culture , Language , Malaysia , Self Report , Translations
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