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Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine [The]. 2016; 62 (January): 57-64
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-180260


Background: The transfemoral approach [TFA] has been until presently the main-stay for arterial access PCI in the setting of acute STEMI, while the transradial approach [TRA] is gaining ground in elective as well as primary procedures

Objectives: to assess the impact of transradial versus transfemoral approach for PCI on the outcome of patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome

Patients and Methods: prospective study was conducted on 100 patients presenting to Ain Shams University Hospitals Coronary Care Unit [CCU] with recent onset acute coronary syndrome [whether unstable angina [UA]/non-ST-segment-elevation MI [NSTEMI] or ST-segment-elevation MI [STEMI]] undergoing revascularization via percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI]. Patients were randomized into 2 equal groups, for the first group PCI was performed via TFA while for the second group via TRA

Results: Our study found that, with TRA we get less bleeding, less local vascular complications [8 [16%] vs 2 [4%], p=0.045] and less amount of dye used [169.60 +/- 21.28 versus 187.00 +/- 37.65 ml, p=0.006] without significant increase in fluoroscopy time [10.86 +/-4.88 versus 9.76 +/-4.74 mins, p=0.256] or radiation exposure. Although there was no significant difference in mortality and morbidity, TRA offers the patient a more simple procedure with less hospital stay [3.4 +/-0.948 versus 3.86 +/-0.808 days, p<0.01]

Conclusion: Radial artery access is a safe and effective approach for management of ACS. If performed by experienced operators, TRA should be the standard access in managing ACS specifically in STEMI

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Radial Artery , Femoral Artery , Prospective Studies