Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 12 de 12
Filter
1.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 899-903, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001814

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To compare the effectiveness of warm saline and anti-fog solution for preventing fogging of a non-contact wide-field viewing system during vitrectomy. @*Methods@#Five liters of water at 36°C were placed in a transparent container. The fogging areas of wide-field lenses were microscopically measured. We created three groups: lenses soaked in normal saline at 25°C for 1 minute (control), lenses soaked in normal saline at 50°C for 1 minute (warm saline), and lenses that were wiped with a sponge soaked in anti-fog solution (ULTRASTOP pro med. Solution, Sigmapharm, Vienna, Austria) after prior soaking in normal saline at 25°C for 1 minute (anti-fog). Images of fogged areas were acquired at 10 seconds and 1, 3, and 5 minutes. Extent of fogged areas and central lens invasion were determined. All experiments were repeated 10 times. @*Results@#In the control group, the entire areas were always completely fogged. The average fog coverage values were 4.34 ± 1.28, 6.30 ± 1.38, 56.00 ± 25.01, and 93.81 ± 5.88% at 10 seconds and 1, 3, and 5 minutes in the warm saline group and 4.74 ± 0.57, 7.35 ± 0.96, 10.13 ± 1.09, and 11.74 ± 1.74% in the anti-fog group, respectively. There were significant differences at 3 and 5 minutes (p = 0.029, p = 0.012). Fogging of the central lens was detected in 8 tests after 3 minutes and all 10 tests after 5 minutes in the warm saline group, but no fogging was detected in the anti-fog group. @*Conclusions@#Application of an anti-fog solution to a wide-field viewing lens prevents lens fogging during vitrectomy.

2.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1014-1021, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001798

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To compare the safety and consistency of manual capsulorhexis and precision pulse capsulotomy performed using pulsed energy during bilateral cataract surgery and to explore the differences in clinical outcomes. @*Methods@#A total of 101 patients with bilateral cataracts were selected. Precision pulse capsulotomy was performed on one eye and manual continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis on the other. The independent-samples t-test was used to compare the duration of continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis, incisional size and roundness, complications such as radial tears, the cumulative dissipated energy, the visual acuity after surgery, and the corneal epithelial cell count. @*Results@#There was no significant difference in the capsulorhexis time between the pulse energy and manual groups. The extent of capsulorhexis was significantly smaller and the circularity of capsulorhexis was higher in the former group. Complications occurred in two manual capsulorhexis patients but in no pulse energy capsulotomy patient. There was no significant between- group difference in any of postoperative visual acuity, best-corrected visual acuity, or the corneal endothelial cell count. @*Conclusions@#During bilateral cataract surgery on the same patients, precision capsulotomy using pulse energy afforded smaller and more circular capsulorhexis and fewer complications than did manual capsulorhexis. However, there was no significant between- group difference in the postoperative clinical outcomes.

3.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 6-15, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918117

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Investigation of myopic open-angle glaucoma (OAG) prevalence in Northeast Asia by systematic review and meta-analysis. @*Methods@#Systematic PubMed, Embase and Cochrane database searches for Northeast Asian population-based studies published up to 30 November 2020 and reporting on myopia and OAG diagnosis. By random-effect models, pooled OAG prevalence in a myopic population and pooled myopic OAG prevalence in a general population were generated, with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). @*Results@#The meta-analysis encompassed five population-based studies in four countries (12,830 individuals, including 7,723 patients with myopia and 1,112 patients with OAG). In a myopic population, OAG prevalence was 4.10% (95% CI, 3.00–5.70; I2 = 93%); in a general population, myopic OAG prevalence was 1.10% (95% CI, 0.60–1.70; I2 = 94%). A visual examination of funnel plot symmetry raised a suspicion of publication bias. Notwithstanding, Begg and Mazumbar’s adjusted rank correlation test showed no such evidence (p = 0.6242). @*Conclusions@#Our systematic review and meta-analysis returned an estimate of OAG prevalence in a myopic Northeast Asian population. Our findings will inform future glaucoma studies as well as public health guidelines for Northeast Asian populations.

4.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 114-122, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926694

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To analyze 10-year trends in utilization of visual field tests for adult glaucoma or glaucoma-suspect patients using the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment data. @*Methods@#Health claims for the years 2010 to 2019, as recorded via Korea’s Health Insurance Review and Assessment service, were accessed. We identified glaucoma patients using the glaucoma diagnostic codes H40 (glaucoma) and H42 (glaucoma in other diseases classified elsewhere). For verification of the glaucoma diagnosis, information on any antiglaucoma medication prescriptions and ocular surgery history also was obtained. Visual field testing data was isolated using procedural codes E6690 (kinetic perimetry) and E6691 (standard automated perimetry [SAP]) performed in tertiary hospitals. Any changes in visual field test utilization were identified using regression trend analysis. @*Results@#From 2010 to 2019, the total number of SAP procedures performed in tertiary hospitals for either glaucoma or glaucoma-suspect patients increased gradually from 93,459 to 216,433. With regard to kinetic perimetry examinations, the total number decreased gradually from 6,364 to 3,792. The yearly average SAP number per patient showed a slight increase, from 1.168 to 1.248 (ß = 0.008, R2 = 0.669, p = 0.004). Meanwhile, the yearly average number of kinetic perimeter examinations per patient showed a significant decrease, from 1.093 to 0.940 (ß = -0.013, R2 = 0.580, p = 0.010). @*Conclusions@#Between 2010 and 2019, the yearly average number of SAP procedures performed per glaucoma or glaucoma-suspect patient increased in Korea. Meanwhile, the yearly average number of kinetic perimetry examinations per patient significantly decreased.

5.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1667-1671, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916381

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We report a case of keratitis that improved after removal of a causative plant foreign body from below the posterior surface of an opaque cornea. The foreign body was revealed by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and gonioscopy.Case summary: A 79-year-old woman was referred with an impression of left-eye keratitis; the eye had been injured by a branch of a tangerine tree 1 month prior. She had been given the usual topical antibiotics by a local clinic, but they were ineffective. At her initial visit, her visual acuity was only hand motion in the left eye; slit-lamp examination revealed a 3 × 3-mm corneal infiltration with a hypopyon in the anterior chamber. Despite administration of strong topical antibiotics on an hourly basis, the corneal lesion worsened. AS-OCT and gonioscopy revealed a small foreign body below the posterior surface of the cornea; this was surgically removed. The corneal opacity and corneal epithelial defects dramatically improved, and the hypopyon disappeared. @*Conclusions@#The possibility of a residual foreign body should be considered if trauma precedes infectious keratitis that does not improve with conventional treatment and the posterior surface of the cornea is not visible because of corneal opacity. In such a case, AS-OCT and gonioscopy can be useful.

6.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 425-431, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894597

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate the current management patterns of glaucoma subspecialists with regard to normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) in Korea and to determine the effect of the two largest NTG trials on their clinical practice. @*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was sent to glaucoma subspecialist members of the Korean Glaucoma Society. The questionnaire concerned regular practice with respect to NTG and the extent to which it has been influenced by the Collaborative Normal-tension Glaucoma Study and the Low-pressure Glaucoma Treatment Study (LoGTS). @*Results@#A total of 134 glaucoma subspecialists completed the survey, with a response rate of 56%. The survey reported that 88% and 78% of glaucoma subspecialists were familiar with the Collaborative Normal-tension Glaucoma Study and the LoGTS, respectively. With respect to mild or moderate NTG, most of the respondents (87%–91%) tended to treat their patients immediately without waiting for structural or functional progression. Among the respondents, 47 indicated that the LoGTS results—according to which, 20% of the respondents tended to use brimonidine more often—affected their management. The first-choice topical drugs for NTG were prostaglandin analogues (76%), brimonidine (9%), beta-blockers (8%), and topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitor (6%). @*Conclusions@#Regarding mild-to-moderate NTG, Korean glaucoma subspecialists tended to initiate treatment without waiting for further progression. The impact of the LoGTS on NTG management was not dominant in clinical practice in Korea. Prostaglandin analogs are the most frequently selected first-choice drugs for the management of NTG in Korea.

7.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 425-431, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902301

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate the current management patterns of glaucoma subspecialists with regard to normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) in Korea and to determine the effect of the two largest NTG trials on their clinical practice. @*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was sent to glaucoma subspecialist members of the Korean Glaucoma Society. The questionnaire concerned regular practice with respect to NTG and the extent to which it has been influenced by the Collaborative Normal-tension Glaucoma Study and the Low-pressure Glaucoma Treatment Study (LoGTS). @*Results@#A total of 134 glaucoma subspecialists completed the survey, with a response rate of 56%. The survey reported that 88% and 78% of glaucoma subspecialists were familiar with the Collaborative Normal-tension Glaucoma Study and the LoGTS, respectively. With respect to mild or moderate NTG, most of the respondents (87%–91%) tended to treat their patients immediately without waiting for structural or functional progression. Among the respondents, 47 indicated that the LoGTS results—according to which, 20% of the respondents tended to use brimonidine more often—affected their management. The first-choice topical drugs for NTG were prostaglandin analogues (76%), brimonidine (9%), beta-blockers (8%), and topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitor (6%). @*Conclusions@#Regarding mild-to-moderate NTG, Korean glaucoma subspecialists tended to initiate treatment without waiting for further progression. The impact of the LoGTS on NTG management was not dominant in clinical practice in Korea. Prostaglandin analogs are the most frequently selected first-choice drugs for the management of NTG in Korea.

9.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 241-248, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714955

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the agreement in axial length (AL), keratometry, and anterior chamber depth measurements between AL-Scan and IOLMaster biometers and to compare the efficacy of the AL-Scan on intraocular lens (IOL) power calculations and refractive outcomes with those obtained by the IOLMaster. METHODS: Medical records of 48 eyes from 48 patients who underwent uneventful phacoemulsification and IOL insertion were retrospectively reviewed. One of the two types of monofocal aspheric IOLs were implanted (Tecnis ZCB00 [n = 34] or CT Asphina 509M [n = 14]). Two different partial coherence interferometers measured and compared AL, keratometry (2.4 mm), anterior chamber depth, and IOL power calculations with SRK/T, Hoffer Q, Holladay2, and Haigis formulas. The difference between expected and actual final refractive error was compared as refractive mean error (ME), refractive mean absolute error (MAE), and median absolute error (MedAE). RESULTS: AL measured by the AL-Scan was shorter than that measured by the IOLMaster (p = 0.029). The IOL power of Tecnis did not differ between the four formulas; however, the Asphina measurement calculated using Hoffer Q for the AL-Scan was lower (0.28 diopters, p = 0.015) than that calculated by the IOLMaster. There were no statistically significant differences between the calculations by MAE and MedAE for the four formulas in either IOL. In SRK/T, ME in Tecnis-inserted eyes measured by AL-Scan showed a tendency toward myopia (p = 0.032). CONCLUSIONS: Measurement by AL-Scan provides reliable biometry data and power calculations compared to the IOLMaster; however, refractive outcomes of Tecnis-inserted eyes by AL-Scan calculated using SRK/T can show a slight myopic tendency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Chamber , Biometry , Cimetidine , Lenses, Intraocular , Medical Records , Myopia , Phacoemulsification , Refractive Errors , Retrospective Studies
10.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 556-560, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738550

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Optic nerve head surface depression in patients with glaucoma has been previously reported. We quantitatively compared the mean optic disc cup surface depth between glaucoma-like disc (GLD) patients with large cup-to-disc ratios and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients. METHODS: A total of 40 eyes of 40 patients with GLD and 40 eyes of 40 patients with POAG were included in this study. All patients had an average cup-to-disc ratio of 0.7–0.8. The optic disc area, mean cup-to-disc ratio, and mean optic disc cup volume were measured using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (Cirrus™ HD-OCT; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Dublin, CA, USA). The mean optic disc cup surface depth was calculated using the formula: (mean optic disc cup volume/[optic disc area × mean cup-to-disc ratio2]) − 200 µm. RESULTS: The mean ages of patients were 61.18 ± 11.83 and 59.65 ± 11.69 years for the GLD and POAG groups, respectively. The average cup-to-disc ratios were 0.74 ± 0.03 and 0.75 ± 0.03 for the GLD and POAG groups, respectively, but no significant difference was observed between the two groups. The mean optic disc cup surface depths were 144.74 ± 82.78 µm and 199.53 ± 90.26 µm for the GLD and POAG groups, respectively, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (p = 0.006, t-test). CONCLUSIONS: POAG patients showed a significantly greater mean optic disc cup surface depth compared to GLD patients with a similar mean cup-to-disc ratio. Based on the results of spectral domain optical coherence tomography, confirming the mean optic disc cup surface depth is expected to provide additional information to distinguish GLD from POAG patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression , Glaucoma , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Optic Disk , Tomography, Optical Coherence
11.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 140-147, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167789

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness concordance when measured by spectral domain (SD) and swept source (SS) optical coherence tomography (OCT), and to compare glaucoma-discriminating capability. METHODS: RNFL thicknesses were measured with the scan circle, centered on the optic nerve head, in 55 healthy, 41 glaucoma suspected, and 87 glaucomatous eyes. The RNFL thickness measured by the SD-OCT (sdRNFL thickness) and SS-OCT (ssRNFL thickness) were compared using the t-test. Bland-Altman analysis was performed to examine their agreement. We compared areas under the receiver operating characteristics curve and examined sdRNFL and ssRNFL thickness for discriminating glaucomatous eyes from healthy eyes, and from glaucoma suspect eyes. RESULTS: The average ssRNFL thickness was significantly greater than sdRNFL thickness in healthy (110.0 ± 7.9 vs. 100.1 ± 6.8 µm, p < 0.001), glaucoma suspect (96.8 ± 9.3 vs. 89.6 ± 7.9 µm, p < 0.001), and glaucomatous eyes (74.3 ± 14.2 vs. 69.1 ± 12.4 µm, p = 0.011). Bland-Altman analysis showed that there was a tendency for the difference between ssRNFL and sdRNFL to increase in eyes with thicker RNFL. The area under the curves of the average sdRNFL and ssRNFL thickness for discriminating glaucomatous eyes from healthy eyes (0.984 vs. 0.986, p = 0.491) and glaucoma suspect eyes (0.936 vs. 0.918, p = 0.132) were comparable. CONCLUSIONS: There was a tendency for ssRNFL thickness to increase, compared with sdRNFL thickness, in eyes with thicker RNFL. The ssRNFL thickness had comparable diagnostic capability compared with sdRNFL thickness for discriminating glaucomatous eyes from healthy eyes and glaucoma suspect eyes.


Subject(s)
Glaucoma , Nerve Fibers , Optic Disk , Retinaldehyde , ROC Curve , Tomography, Optical Coherence
12.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 140-141, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-170371
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL