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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the long-term behavioral changes in movement, emotion, and learning and memory of newborn mice with hypoxic ischemic brain damage (HIBD). Methods:A total of 50 ten-day old newborn C57BL/6 mice were divided into control group (n = 20) and HIBD group (n = 30). The left common carotid artery was ligated in HIBD group and stayed in anoxic chamber for 45 minutes. All the mice were tested with suspension test, light/dark box test, elevated plus maze test, object recognition test and Y maze test two months after surgery. Results:There were 19 mice modeled successfully. Compared with the control group, the suspension test scores decreased (t = 2.785, P < 0.05); the time of latency of light/dark box test increased (t = -4.320, P < 0.001), the time and frequency in light box decreased (t > 2.603, P < 0.05); the time in open arm decreased (t = 4.576, P < 0.001) and the time in close arm increased (t = -3.287, P < 0.01) for the elevated plus maze test; the time nearing old object increased (t = -2.116, P < 0.05) and object recognition index decreased (t = 2.823, P < 0.05) for object recognition test; the time in the initial and novel arms decreased (t > 2.191, P < 0.05) for Y maze test in HIBD group. Conclusion:The long-term disorders of behavior may include disabilities of motor, learning and memory, and disorder of anxiety, in newborn mice with HIBD.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887899

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the oral health status and awareness of urban children in Lhasa,aiming to provide a data basis for the prevention and treatment of children's caries and the promotion of oral health education. Methods A total of 504 Tibetan students were selected by cluster sampling from 2 primary schools in Chengguan District of Lhasa.All the participants were required to take oral health examination and complete a questionnaire about oral health awareness and behavior. Results The caries prevalence rate and mean decayed-missing-filled tooth(DMFT)of permanent teeth were 75.00% and 2.18±1.91,respectively.The rates of pit and fissure sealant and filling of permanent teeth were 3.77% and 6.81%,respectively.The caries prevalence rate of first permanent molars was 47.62%.The mean DMFT of permanent teeth and caries prevalence rate of first permanent molar were significantly higher in female group(


Subject(s)
Child , DMF Index , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Oral Health , Oral Hygiene , Prevalence , Schools , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1549-1556, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822618

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of Calpeptin inhibitor Calpeptin on the transformation and stemness markers expression induced by estradiol(E2),and to investigate its mechanism. METHODS :Taking human mammary epithelial cells MCF-10A as research object ,transformed cells were induced by E 2 treatment. Cells were divided into control group (0.1%DMSO), E2-transformed group (50 nmol/L),E2-transformed+Calpeptin group (50 nmol/L E 2+1 μmol/L Calpeptin),then continuously treated with corresponding drug-containing culture medium for 15 generations. Then ,MTT assay was used to determine the proliferation rate of cells (24,48 h);plate colony test was used to detect the Clone formation rate of cells ;the number of sphere-forming cells was measured by suspension spheroidization test ;mRNA expressions of stemness marker (CD44,Nanog,OCT4)and extracellular sigal-regulated kinase (ERK)were detected by RT-qPCR ,and protein expressions of CD 44,Nanog,OCT4 ,ERK and p-ERK were detected by Western blotting assay. Another E 2-transformed cells were divided into control group (0.1%DMSO)and U0126 (ERK inhibitor )group(10 μmol/L). Clone formation rate ,the number of sphere-forming ,protein expressions of CD 44,Nanog, OCT4,ERK and p-ERK were determined with above methods ,and to validate the relationship of ERK inhibition with transformed cell behavior and the expression of stemness markers. RESULTS :Compared with control group ,proliferation rate and clone formation rate of E 2 transformed group were increased significantly (P<0.01),and the number of sphere-forming was increased significantly(P<0.01);mRNA expression levels of CD 44,Nanog,OCT4,ERK and protein expression levels of CD 44,Nanog, OCT4 and p-ERK in cells were increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with E 2-transformed group ,proliferation rate (24,48 h)and clone formation rate of E 2-transformed + Calpeptin group were decreased significantly (P<0.01),and the number of sphere-forming was decreased significantly (P<0.05);mRNA expression levels of CD 44,Nanog,OCT4 ,ERK and protein expression levels of CD 44,Nanog,OCT4,p-ERK in cells were decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). After treated with ERK inhibitor U 0126,clone formation rate of E 2-transformed cells ,the number of sphere-forming ,protein expression levels of CD44,Nanog,OCT4 and p-ERK were increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :Calpeptin can inhibit the transformation and the expression of stemness markers of human mammary epithelial cells MCF- 10A,and the mechanism of it may be associated with inhibiting the activation of Calpain-ERK signaling pathway.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351366

ABSTRACT

Discharge against medical advice (DAMA) conflicts with the purpose of disease treatment in children. Some research has shown that there are high proportions of extremely preterm infants and infants with asphyxia or congenital malformation in neonates with DAMA. This suggests that the sustainable development of neonatology needs cooperation and co-development with obstetrics, neonatal surgery, and radiology to reduce the rate of DAMA. With reference to the current status of research in both China and other countries, this article reviews the causes for DAMA and the strategies for reducing the rate of DAMA, in order to provide a theoretical basis for effectively reducing the rate of DAMA from the neonatal intensive care unit, improving treatment outcomes of the neonates, and increasing hospitals' comprehensive benefits.


Subject(s)
Ethics, Medical , Health Services Needs and Demand , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Insurance, Health , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Patient Discharge , Prenatal Care , Treatment Refusal
5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1371-1376, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614894

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of estrogen on the migration of breast cancer cells and the possible underlying mechanisms.Methods Human breast cancer cell lines MCF-7(estrogen receptor, ER+) and MDA-MB-468(ER-) were employed as a model system.Cells were treated with E2 and pretreated with CANP inhibitor(calpeptin)where needed.Wound-healing assay was applied to evaluate cell migration, Western blot assay was performed to observe protein level, and fibronectin expression was silenced by specific siRNA transfection.Results ① Treatmentof MCF-7 and MDA-MB-468 cellswith E2(50 nmol·L-1) increased cell migration by(51.55±5.50) %(P<0.01)and (40.78±4.78)%(P<0.05), respectively;② E2 significantly up-regulated the expression of FN protein in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-468 breast cancer cells, which was 2.11 times(P<0.05)and 1.86 times(P<0.01), respectively;③ Pretreatment with calpeptin(10 μmol·L-1) decreased E2-induced cell migration by (49.55±6.44)%(P<0.05) in MCF-7 and(36.85±4.40)% (P<0.01)in MDA-MB-468 cells;④ Calpeptin pretreatment inhibited E2-induced fibronectin up-regulation by(80.12±4.55)% and(78.84±5.70) %(P<0.01), respectively;⑤ Knockdown of FN with siRNA suppressed cell E2-induced migration by(40.65±5.80)%(P<0.01)in MCF-7 and(40.88±6.02)%(P<0.05)in MDA-MB-468 cells.Conclusion E2 stimulates the migration of breast cancer cells with or without ER expression and a calpain-FN signaling pathway may be involved in the E2 action.

6.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 133-137, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672275

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the protective effects of roscovitine on the podocyte injury induced by endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) caused by tunicamycin. Methods The differentiated podocytes cultured at 37℃were randomly di-vided into:(1) Control group, DMSO group and tunicamycin group (TM, 1.0μmol/L). The treatment was given for 3, 6 and 12 hours in three groups. (2) For control group, tunicamycin group, tunicamycin+roscovitine group (20, 40μmol/L, TM+ROS), the treatment was given for 12 hours. The podocyte apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry and TUNEL method. The ex-pressions of Cdk5, GRP78, Caspase-12 and CHOP were detected by Western blot assay. Results (1) Compared with con-trol group and DMSO group, the podocyte apoptosis was increased significantly in a time dependent manner after tunicamy-cin treatment in TM group;the protein expressions of Cdk5, GRP78, Caspase-12 and CHOP were also up-regulated signifi-cantly in TM group (P<0.05). (2) Flow cytometry and TUNEL analysis showed that tunicamycin induced apoptosis in podo-cytes, which was significantly inhibited by roscovitine in a concentration dependent manner in TM+ROS group as compared to that of TM group (P<0.05). The protein expressions of GRP78, Caspase-12 and CHOP were also significantly decreased in a concentration dependent manner in TM+ROS group compared to those of TM group (P<0.05). Conclusion Roscovi-tine, the inhibitor of Cdk5, can reduce the podocyte apoptosis induced by tunicamycin. The protective effects of roscovitine on podocytes can be a novel approach of treating diabetic nephropathy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241488

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), which can promote cell differentiation and inhibit cell apoptosis, on hyperoxia-induced apoptosis in A549 cells and its anti-apoptotic mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A549 cells were sub-cultured, exposed to hyperoxic conditions and were then treated with different concentrations of IGF-1 (1, 10, and 100 ng/mL) for 48 hours. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by Annexin V-FITC/PI double-staining flow cytometry. Expression levels of Bax and Bcl-2 were measured by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The middle-dose and high-dose IGF-1 intervention groups had higher cell viabilities than the hyperoxic exposure group [(64±3)% and (88±4)% vs (51±3)%; P<0.05]. Compared with the air control group, the hyperoxic exposure group had a significantly higher apoptotic rate [(38.3±5.4)% vs (2.4±0.9)%; P<0.05], a significantly lower expression level of Bcl-2 [(72±5)% vs (91±4)%; P<0.05], and a significantly higher expression level of Bax [(54±6)% vs (3±2)%; P<0.05]. Compared with the hyperoxic exposure group, the low-dose, middle-dose, and high-dose IGF-1 intervention groups had significantly lower apoptotic rates [(16.1±4.7)%, (9.2±2.8)%, and (6.9±2.5)% vs (38.3±5.4)%; P<0.05], significantly higher expression level of Bcl-2 [(79±4)%, (94±4)%, and (100±5)% vs (72±5)%; P<0.05], and significantly lower expression level of Bax [(26±4)%, (5±2)%, and (4±2)% vs (54±6)%; P<0.05].</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Hyperoxia significantly inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis in A549 cells. IGF-1 may promote cell proliferation and inhibit hyperoxia-induced apoptosis in A549 cells by regulating the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Humans , Hyperoxia , Pathology , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , bcl-2-Associated X Protein
8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 369-373, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356176

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The development of neonatology and the availability of pulmonary surfactant have been helpful in effective reduction of the mortality of very low birth weight infants at the expense of an increasing number of survivors with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) caused by lung immaturity. BPD is a common syndrome in newborns, especially in preterm infants, when treated with hyperoxia and mechanical ventilation. Unfortunately, there have been no effective measure for the prevention and treatment of BPD. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-1 (rh-IGF-1) on cell apoptosis and Clara cell secretory protein (CCSP) expression during the lung injury induced by hyperoxia, so as to assess its effect on the inflammatory lung injury and its developmental repair.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty full term neonatal Wistar rats under the same condition were divided randomly into four groups on the second day after birth. Group I was air control, group II was exposed to hyperoxia, group III air + rh-IGF-1, and group IV was treated with hyperoxia + rh-IGF-1. The pups in the control group were kept in room air, while pups in hyperoxia group were kept in a Plexiglas chamber and exposed to over 85% oxygen. Pups in group III were under the same raising condition except for exposure to room air and treated with intraperitoneal injection of rh-IGF-1 (1 microg/Kg) everyday from the third day. Pups in group IV were treated with intraperitoneal injection of rh-IGF-1 (1 microg/Kg) everyday from the third day of exposure to hyperoxia. Lung tissue sections of the neonatal rats were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (HE) after 7 d of hyperoxia exposure, expression of CCSP was examined by immunohistochemical method, and apoptotic cell index of lung tissue was calculated by using TUNEL method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>It was observed from immunohistochemical examination that positive staining of CCSP was distributed mainly in distal and respiratory bronchioles. The percentage of Clara cells in distal and respiratory bronchioles epithelium decreased in hyperoxia group (32.17 +/- 3.19)% compared to that in air control group (68.32 +/- 2.04)%, P < 0.01. Statistically significant differences were found in intensity of positiveness of Clara cells between hyperoxia (29.45 +/- 5.56) and air control group (42.37 +/- 3.24), P < 0.01. TUNEL assay showed that most apoptotic cells were alveolar and bronchial epithelial cells. The apoptotic index increased significantly in the hyperoxia group (55.77 +/- 6.09)% compared to the air control group (16.41 +/- 4.01)%, (P < 0.01). The positive rate (52.98 +/- 2.68)% of Clara cells and the expression (41.22 +/- 6.36) of CCSP in hyperoxia + rh-IGF-1 group increased significantly when compared with hyperoxia group, and the differences between these two group were also statistically significant (P < 0.01). The apoptotic index increased significantly in the hyperoxia + rh-IGF-1 group (27.98 +/- 3.09)% compared to the hyperoxia group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Hyperoxia exposure can promote the pneumocyte apoptosis and inhibit the expression of CCSP. Rh-IGF-1 can remove the block of the formation of lung alveoli, increase the secretion of CCSP, mitigate inflammatory responses in airway and alleviate lung injury via pneumocyte apoptosis. Therefore, the results of this study provide a theoretic and experimental evidence for clinical application of rh-IGF-1 in prevention and treatment of BPD.</p>


Subject(s)
Alveolar Epithelial Cells , Metabolism , Animals , Apoptosis , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Hyperoxia , Metabolism , Pathology , Infant, Newborn , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Genetics , Metabolism , Lung , Oxygen , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Wistar , Uteroglobin , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638959

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether the spores from mushroom antigen can cause the allergic pneumonia and manufacture allergic animal model in the C57BL/_6 mouse.Methods Aged 6 weeks old,weight 25-30 g C57BL/_6 mice were collected.In the mouse tail injection compound of spore antigen and the Freud′s adjuvant.Then pours into through the trachea the antigen once a week.The mice were divided into 4 groups.Group A was the normal mouse,Group B was given Freud′s adjuvant(the same method)to determine whether there was affect to the mouse.Group C and D were injected spore antigen 2 and 4 times.When the antigen sensitization finished 1 week later group C and D were completely divided 2 groups,among them one group was inhalation 1.5% spore antigen and induce the acute response.Six hours later the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) was collected to observe cell change,and excise the lung tissue to manufacture the pathology specimen,another group had not been induced the acute response and collect the BALF and to exsise the lung tissue directly.Group B were inhalted saline later to collect the BALF and the lung tissue.In the mouse blood serun,enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to mensurate antigen specific IgG.Results In group C and D,antigen specific IgG significantly inhanced than that in group A and B(all P

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638460

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of exogenous prostaglandin E 1 (PGE 1) on the superoxide dismutase(SOD) and nitric oxide(NO) levels in brain tissue of neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage(HIBD).Methods Sixty 7-day old newborn Wistar rats to establish HIBD models,intraperitoneally and subcutaneous injected PGE 1 and TMP,then the rats were killed after hypo- xia and ischemia for 48 hours.Take cerebral cortex of arteria carotis ligation side and made them into homogenate to detect SOD and NO levels in brain tissue.Results SOD level in HIBD group was lower,and NO level was higher than those of normal group(P

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