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Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 20-23, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299506

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the association between melatonin (MLT) secretion and blood pressure changes during 24 hours in hypertensive patients (HPT) with (dipping) or without (non-dipping) night time blood pressure reduction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The 24-hour blood pressure and urine 6-SMT (6-sulfatoxymelatonin, metabolism product of MLT in urine) in the daytime and nighttime were measured in normal control subjects (n = 20), non-dipping HPT group (n = 32) and dipping HPT group (n = 36).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>As expected, blood pressure reduction during the night was significantly lower in non-dipping HPT group compared to control and dipping HPT groups. Nighttime 6-SMT was significantly higher than daytime 6-SMT in all groups and nighttime urine 6-SMT levels and ratio of nighttime/daytime urine 6-SMT levels were significantly lower in non-dipping HPT group compared to control and dipping HPT groups (all P < 0.01). Moreover, ratio of nighttime/daytime urine 6-SMT levels are positively correlated blood pressure reduction during nighttime (P < 0.05) in all groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Circadian rhythm of MLT secretion is maintained but nighttime MLT secretion was significantly reduced and related to disorders of circadian rhythm of blood pressure in non-dipping HPT group.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Blood Pressure , Physiology , Case-Control Studies , Circadian Rhythm , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Urine , Male , Melatonin , Urine , Middle Aged
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