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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702283

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the MR features of different clinical staging of scapulohumeral periarthritis and provide relevant support data for the clinical staging of scapulohumeral periarthritis, so as to guide clinical treatment. Methods 30 patients with scapulohumeral periar-thritis received in the hospital from June 2015 to February 2017 were selected to form the observation group and 8 same-sex and same-aged volunteers without such disease were selected to form the control group. MR imaging was used to observe and measure the structure of shoulder joint of the people in the two groups and statistical analysis was performed to analyze the changes in the structure of the shoulder around dif-ferent clinical stages. Results The thickness of joint capsule and coracohumeral ligament ( CHL) , the ratio of subcoracoid fat triangle re-placed were significantly greater in patients with scapulohumeral periarthritis than those in the control group, and the difference was statisti-cally significant (P<0. 05). Comparing the thickness of joint capsule in the third stage of the scapulohumeral periarthritis group compare with those in the first and second stages, the difference was statistically significant (P<0. 05). There was no statistically significant differ-ence (P>0. 05) in the thickness of the coracohumeral ligament and the ratio of subcoracoid fat triangle replaced in the scapulohumeral peri-arthritis group between the 1st, 2nd and 3rd stages. Conclusion Patients with different stages have different structures around the shoulder joints. The thickness of joint capsule can be used as an important reference for diagnosing scapulohumeral periarthritis and can guide the clin-ical staging. The thickness of coracohumeral ligament and the ratio of subcoracoid fat triangle replaced can be used as a basis for diagnosing scapulohumeral periarthritis, but it cannot be used as a guideline for clinical staging.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813681

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy of Y-type anatomical plate in patients with distal humeral fracture.@*METHODS@#Thirty three patients suffered from comminuted distal humeral fracture undertook the operation. Among them, 15 were supracondyle fracture, and the other 18 were intercondyle fracture. All patients were treated with middle post elbow incision, reposition, and fixed with Y-type anatomical steel plate.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 16 months after the operation, and all fractures healed. The average healing time was 3. 5 months. The elbow joint function according to Aitken and Rombeck's elbow function rating system was evaluated, and the results were as follows: the function recovery was excellent in 29 patients, good in 2 and fair in the other 2 patients. The excellence rate was 93. 9%.@*CONCLUSION@#Y-type anatomical steel plate is excellent in the treatment of distal humeral fracture.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Bone Plates , Child , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Fractures, Comminuted , General Surgery , Humans , Humeral Fractures , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged
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