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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infected with Delta variant, so as to provide further references for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:A real-world study was conducted to analyze the characteristics of 166 COVID-19 patients infected with Delta variant at Guangzhou Eighth People’s Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University.Results:The study enrolled 5 asymptomatic cases, 123 non-severe cases (mild and moderate type), and 38 severe cases (severe and critical type). Among these patients, 69 (41.6%) were male and 97 (58.4%) were female, with a mean age of 47.0±23.5 years. Thirty-nine cases (23.5%) had received 1 or 2 doses of inactivated vaccine. The incidence of severe COVID-19 cases was 7.7% in 2-doses vaccinated patients, which was lower than that of 11.5% in 1-dose and 26.8% in unvaccinated patients. The proportion of severe cases in 2 dose-vaccinated patients was 7.7%, which was lower than that of 11.5% in 1-dose vaccinated patients and 26.8% in unvaccinated patients, but the difference was not significant ( P>0.05). The most common clinical symptom was fever (134 cases, 83.2%), and 39.1% of cases presented with high-grade fever (≥39 °C); other symptoms were cough, sputum, fatigue, and xerostomia. The proportion of fever in severe cases was significantly higher than that of non-severe cases (97.4% vs. 76.4%, P<0.01). Similarly, the proportion of severe cases with high peak temperature (≥39 ℃) () was also higher than that of non-severe cases (65.8% vs. 30.9%, P<0.01). The median minimal Cycle threshold (Ct) values of viral nucleic acid N gene and ORFlab gene were 20.3 and 21.5, respectively, and the minimum Ct values were 11.9 and 13.5, respectively. Within 48 h of admission, 9.0% of cases presented with decreased white blood cell counts, and 52.4% with decreased lymphocyte counts. The proportions of increased C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A, interleukin 6, and interleukin 10 were 32.5%, 57.4%, 65.3%, and 35.7%, respectively. The proportions of elevated C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A and interleukin-6 in severe cases were significantly higher than those in non-severe cases ( P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that older age and higher peak temperature were associated with a higher likelihood of severe cases ( OR>3, 95% CI: 2-7, P<0.01). In terms of treatment, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was used in 97.6% of non-severe cases and 100% in severe cases. Other treatments included respiratory and nutritional support, immunotherapy (such as neutralizing antibodies and plasma of recovered patients). The median times from admission to progression to severe cases, of fever clearance, and of nucleic acid conversion were 5 days, 6 days and 19 days, respectively. No deaths were reported within 28 days. Conclusions:The symptoms of Delta variant infection in Guangzhou are characterized by a high proportion of fever, high peak temperature, long duration of fever, high viral load, a long time to nucleic acid conversion, and a high incidence of severe cases. The severe cases exhibit a higher percentage of elderly patients, a longer duration of fever and have a higher fever rate and a higher hyperthermia rate than non-severe cases. Age and hyperthermia are independent risk factors for progression to severe disease. The combination of TCM and Western medicine can control the progression of the disease effectively.

2.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 5-8,9, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-572394

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate publication of papers by nursing staff in a TCM hospital and to find out the problems as well as countermeasures.Method A retrospective analysis about authors,education,academictitle,length of service and age was done to investigate the classes of published papers from 2008 to 2012.Results The academic publication by the nurses from 2008 to 2012 was increased.Among these articles,the TCM nursing techniques took up the largest ratio,which accounted for 29.12%. There were significant differences in ages,length of service and educational background in authors(P<0.05).Conclusions Nurses’ awareness and capabilities of publishing academic papers needs enhancement as well as training.It may be significant to strengthen their incentives in scientific research by enforcing encouraging policies.

3.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 717-23, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449152

ABSTRACT

To select appropriate descriptors for responses of the Health Scale of Traditional Chinese Medicine (HSTCM).

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407652

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is caused by a genetically novel coronavirus that is caused by acute infectious disease. It is not yet clear for the immunology function of SARS patients in their convalescent stage.OBJECTIVE: To study the effects on T lymphocyte, and the titer profiling of 24 T cell receptor (TCR) V β subfamilies expressions in SARS convalescent patients.DESIGN: A self-control observation.SETTING: Central Laboratory, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine.PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-six cured SARS patients who received treatment in the Second Hospital Affiliated to Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine between January and April 2003. All the patients corresponded to "clinical diagnostic criteria of atypical pneumonia", " diagnostic criteria of severe atypical pneumonia and discharge criteria" and "clinical diagnostic criteria and discharge criteria of severe acute respiratory syndrome". The involved patients, 30 male and 46 female, averaged (32±11 (years old. Another 10 subjects who simultaneously received health examination in the same hospital, 5 male and 5 female, aged (32±7(years, were involved in the study. Informed consents of detected items were obtained from all the subjects.METHODS:①Detecting the expression of 24 T cell receptor(TCR)V β subfamilies in SARS convalescent patients:Peripheral blood(2 mL) was collected from the healthy convalescent subjects,and EDTA-K2 was used as anticoagulant.In the flow cytometry delection tubes.10 μL various fluorescein-labeled mAb,such as anti-CD3,anti-CD4,anti-CD8,anti-CD25,anti-CD28,anti-HLA-DR,anti-CD3mAb conjugated with PC5,TCR Vβ1(PE+FITC).Vβ2(PE+FITC)。Vβ3 (FITC),Vβ4(PE+FITC),Vβ5.1(PE+FITC),Vβ5.2(PE),Vβ5.3(PE),Vβ7.1(PE+FITC),Vβ7.2(FITC),Vβ8(FITC),Vβ9 (PE),Vβ11(PE),Vβ12(FITC),Vβ13.1(PE),Vβ13.2(PE),Vβ13.6(PE+FITC),Vβ14(FITC),Vβ16(FITC),Vβ17 (PE+FITC),Vβ18(PE),Vβ20(FITC),Vβ21.3(FITC),Vβ22(PE+FITC)and Vβ23(PE),was added in special flow tubes,and then 50 μL whole blood was added.The mixed solution was incubated away from light for 15 minutes.After erythrocytolysin being added,mixed solution was washed.Finally.cell deposit was dissolved in 300 μl phosphate buffer solution (PBS).Coulter ESP flow cytometer was used for detection.For the analysis of TCR expression,an electronic gate was set on these cells and at least 5000 events per sample were collected.Three-color cytofluodmetric analysis was performed using a Coulter ESP flow cytometer.②Detecting the T cell subset,activated T and B cells,and the percentage of Ts and Tc cells:5000 cells were collected and used to calculate the expression of T cells (CD3,CD4 and CD8),the activated T and B cells(CD3+/CD25+,CD3+/HLA-DR+ and CD3-/HLA-DR+),as well as the percentage of Ts and Tc cells by Coulter ESP flow cytometer and its software.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:①The change of T cell subset(CD3,CD4,and CD8)from SARS convalescent patients.②The change of activated T and B cells(CD3+/CD25+,CD3+/HLA-DR+ and CD3-/HLA-DR+).③The percentage of Ts and Tc cells(CD8+/CD28+,CD8+/CD28-)in convalescent patients.④Analysis of the 24 TCR V β subfamilies from SARS patients in convalescence.RESULTS:All data were explored to analyze the expression profiling of 24 TCR Vβ subfamilies,the data from 74 SARSpatients and 10 healthy controls were explored to other result analysis.①The detecting results of T celI subset:The percentage of CD4+T cell mean value was lower than the reference value[(33.33±6.64)% vs.(43±9)%,P<0.01].The percentage of CD8+T cell mean value was higher than the refefence value[(34.07±6.40)% vs.(30±9)%,P<0.01].② The expression of activated T and B cells:Percentage of HLA-DR+ T and B cell was Increased while the percentage of CD25+ T-cell was decreased compared with reference values.In 53 out of 74 patients,the percentage of CD25+ T cells was lower than the reference value,and 64 patients had a lower percentage in CD3+/CD25+ T cells.The percentages of CD3+/HLA-DR+ and CD3-/HLA-DR+ cells were higher than the normal reference value.T cells expressing higher CD3+/HLA-DR+ were found in 36 patients,and T cells expressing higher CD3-/HLA-DR+ were found in 30 patients.③The ratios of Ts and Tc cells:The percentage of Ts cells which expressed CD8+/CD28- was increased compared with reference value [(28.75±7.31)% vs.(15.99±5.1)%,P<0.01],while the percentage of Tc cells which expressed CD8+/CD28+ was decreased [(5.99±3.60)% vs.(13.2±4.1)%,P<0.01].Thirty-nine patients were found to possess the lower Tc cells and forty-eight patients were found to possess the higher Ts cells.The ratios of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were in the normal reference value.④24 TCR Vβ subfamilies expressions in T cells:It was noteworthy that Vβ14 had a highest percentage in all 24 Subfamilies,and followed by Vβ 5.3,and Vβ 23 in the convalescent patients.The percentage of Vβ 14 was the highest in the normal controls,which was consistent with the results of SARS patients.But the other subfamilies expression patterns were different.There were significant differences between Vβ1,Vβ5.2,Vβ5.3,Vβ7.2,Vβ9,Vβ11,Vβ13.1,Vv13.2,Vβ17,Vβ18,Vβ22 and Vβ23.In the convalescent period,each TCR Vβ expression of SARS patients was higher than that of controls(P<0.05-0.01).CONCLUSION:In SARS convalescent patients,the increased CD8+CD28- T cell may elevate CD8+ T cell number;Meanwhile.the reduced CD3+ and CD4+ T cell number may be corresponding to the increased Ts cell number.For some inhibiting factor secreted by Ts cell was also increased.The usage pattern of 24 TCR Vβ subfamilies in SARS patients is different from that of control group.The increase of percentage of CD3+/HLA-DR+ and CD3-/HLA-DR+ T cell may be related to the late response of activated T and B cells.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-576690

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To establish a postoperative recovery scale for Chinese people and to make a preliminary assessment for the scale.【Methods】Programmatic decision-making method was used to establish the basic items and structure of the scale.And then 70 postoperative patients were sampled to assess the scale by grading their recovery.【Results】The postoperative recovery scale had a good validity in contents and structure,and a good reliability and responsiveness.【Conclusion】The postoperative recovery scale established preliminarily can be used as the initial scale for evaluating the recovery of postoperative patients treated by traditional Chinese and western medicine.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-524179

ABSTRACT

0.05). Conclusion The quality of life of SARS patients was not high one month after discharged. The patients needed the further rehabilitation treatment including restoration of function and appropriate psychological treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573740

ABSTRACT

[Objective] The disease distribution of in-patients in different age groups from 1993 to 2002 in respiratory disease department of Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) was analyzed to provide evidence for clinical treatment. [ Methods ] A retrospective research was adopted. Fourteen categories of diseases and 3 age groups were classified according to the case history recorded from 1993 to 2002 in respiratory disease department of Guangdong Provincial Hospital of TCM. Reasons for hospitalization of the in-patients in different age groups during 10 years were analyzed by descriptive analysis and Vilfredo Pareto analysis. [Results] The principal and secondary reasons for hospitalization were respiratory tract infection, pulmonary tuberculosis and pneumothorax in the young age group while in the old age group, they were chronic bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema, chronic pulmonary heart disease and lung cancer. [Conclusion] The focus of daily medical treatment in the department of respiratory disease should vary with the age groups and disease categories, and the control of infectious diseases should be generally strengthened.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-572590

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To compare the effect and safety between Tripterygium Wilfordii Film (TNF) and Compound Tripterygium Wilfordii Film (CTWF) for osteoarthritis of knees. The latter was mainly composed of Radix Folium seu Flos Tripterygii Wilfordii, Rhizoma Chuanxiong, Olibanum, Myrrha, etc. [Methods] Sixty cases of osteoarthritis of knees were randomized to two groups: group A (30 cases) treated with CTWF and group B (30 cases) with TWF. Both of the two groups were given oral use of herbal medicine on the basis of syndrome differentiation. Pain and stiffness of the knees and knee function were observed before and after treatment and their side reactions were also observed. [Results] Pain and stiffness of the knees and the impaired function were relieved in both groups ( P

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-570521

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To probe into the psychological health status of middle-aged intellectuals and its influencing factors. [Methods]A cluster sampling of 1 474 middle-aged intellectuals was measured by the SCL-90 table and was analyzed by the Reliability Analysis, Principal Component Analysis and Analysis of Variance. [ Results ] The measurement table is highly reliable (Cronbach a = 0.949) and the Principle Component Analysis has main factors (A -1.97) and cumulative contribution rate is 80% . [Conclusion]Marital status, income and gender are the main influencing factors of psychological healthy status in middle-aged intellectuals.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-531601

ABSTRACT

As the change of medicine mode,measuring approaches of patient satisfaction have been widely focused on and become an important tool to improve the quality of medical service.This paper is aimed to analyze the latest development of patient satisfaction questionnaires including relevant content and methods by literature review.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-534483

ABSTRACT

Yang deficiency syndrome.There were 126 cases with one diseased artery branch(31.1%),135 cases with two diseased artery branches(33.3%),144 cases with three diseased artery branches(35.6%).The blood stasis syndrome and phlegm-turbid syndrome were mainly in those cases with three diseased artery branches,and Qi stagnation syndrome was common in those with one diseased artery branch(P

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