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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954289

ABSTRACT

Avermectins can affect biological processes of multiple tumor, including tumor cell proliferation and metastasis, cell cycle arrest, induction of apoptosis and autophagy, regulation of tumor microenvironment and tumor stem cells. Avermectins can be administered alone or combined with chemotherapeutic drugs to reverse multidrug resistance. To further explore the anti-tumor mechanism of avermectins will provide reliable experimental and theoretical guidance for future clinical application.

2.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 274-278, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710373

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the protective effect of pterostilbene against ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced acute damage in HaCaT cells,and to explore related mechanisms.Methods The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazo1ium (MTS) assay and flow cytometry were performed to estimate the proliferative activity and the apoptosis and necrosis rate of HaCaT cells treated with different concentrations of pterostilbene respectively,so as to screen the non-toxic concentration of pterostilbene.HaCaT cells were randomly divided into several groups:normal control group receiving no treatment,UVB group irradiated with 57 mJ/cm2 UVB,3 pterostilbene groups treated with 2.44,4.88 and 9.75 μmol/L pterostilbene respectively for 24 hours,3 pterostilbene + UVB groups treated with 2.44,4.88 and 9.75 μmol/L pterostilbene respectively for 24 hours followed by UVB radiation.Western blot analysis was conducted to detect changes of the transcription factor NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) expression in cell nuclei and cytoplasm before and after the treatment with pterostilbene and UVB,quantitative PCR to determine the mRNA expression of catalase and superoxide dismutase in the HaCaT cells,and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to evaluate the activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase.Results MTS assay and flow cytometry showed that 2.44,4.88 and 9.75 μmol/L pterostilbene had non-toxic effect on HaCaT cells.The protein expression of Nrf2 in the nuclei and cytoplasm in the normal control group was 1.03 ± 0.08 and 1.04 ± 0.11 respectively.Compared with the normal control group,the protein expression of Nrf2 in the nuclei and cytoplasm experienced no significant changes in the 2.44-,4.88-and 9.75-μmol/L pterostilbene groups,and the UVB group showed similar protein expression of Nrf2 in the cytoplasm,but significantly increased protein expression of Nrf2 in the nuclei (1.77 ± 0.08,q =17.24,P < 0.01).Compared with the normal control group and UVB group,the 2.44-,4.88-and 9.75-μmol/L pterostilbene + UVB groups all showed significantly lower protein expression of Nrf2 in the cytoplasm (0.86 ± 0.10,0.87 ± 0.11 and 0.46 ± 0.11 respectively,all P < 0.05),but significantly higher protein expression of Nrf2 in the nuclei (2.38 ± 0.11,2.57 ± 0.11 and 2.07 ± 0.13,all P < 0.01).As qPCR showed,UVB radiation could significantly inhibit the mRNA expression of CAT (P < 0.05),but had no obvious effect on the mRNA expression of SOD (P > 0.05).The mRNA expression of CAT and SOD experienced no significant changes in the 2.44-,4.88-and 9.75-μmol/L pterostilbene groups compared with the normal control group (P > 0.05).However,2.44,4.88 and 9.75 μmol/L pterostilbene could significantly reduce the inhibitory effect of UVB radiation on the mRNA expression of CAT (P < 0.05) and up-regulate the mRNA expression of SOD in the pterostilbene + UVB groups (P < 0.05).ELISA revealed that UVB radiation could inhibit the activity of CAT and SOD in the HaCaT cells (both P < 0.001),while 2.44,4.88 and 9.75 μmol/L pterostilbene could reduce the inhibitory effect of UVB radiation on the activity of CAT and SOD (all P < 0.05).However,the activity of CAT and SOD were still lower in the 2.44-,4.88-and 9.75-μmol/L pterostilbene + UVB groups than in the normal control group (P < 0.05).Conclusion Pterostilbene can prevent UVB-induced acute damage in HaCaT cells by activating the Nrf2 pathway and up-regulating the expression of the downstream antioxidant enzymes CAT and SOD.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461353

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the factors associated with the rehabilitation outcome of lower limbs training with MOTOmed, such as the height and distance of seats, the crank length and the speed, as well as the height of patients. Methods The human lower limb model was simplified into a model of the bars. The activity of knee was as a dependent variable, and the individual body height, distance (S) and height (H) of seats, the crank length (L1) and speed (ω1 ) were as the independent variables, and analysed with control variate method and MAT-LAB simulation analysis. Results Controlling the individual body height, all the other factors influenced the knee joint angle, angular veloci-ty and angular acceleration value (initial or the end value). Among these factors, L1 impacted the mobility mostly, and less as S and H; ω1 mainly impacted the angular velocity and acceleration. Controlling the other factors as S=550 mm, H=165 mm, L1=180 mm, ω1=10 r/s, the higher the body height would be, the less the knee joint activities, angular velocity and angular acceleration are. Conclusion It is necessary to adjust the height and distance of seats, crank length and the speed to meet the individual body height when training with MOTOmed for lower limbs rehabilitation.

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