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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2657-2662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998823

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the survival and adverse reactions of patients with unresectable cholangiocarcinoma after stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). MethodsA total of 27 patients with unresectable solitary cholangiocarcinoma without metastasis who underwent SBRT in The Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from February 2012 to July 2020 were enrolled. The prescribed dose to planning target volume was 42-60 Gy in 5-8 fractions, with 5-11 Gy/fraction. Among these patients, five patients were also treated with chemotherapy and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization. The 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month overall survival (OS) rates, progression-free survival (PFS) rates, and local control (LC) rates were used as the assessment indices for treatment outcome; Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v.4.03 was used to evaluate adverse reactions; the Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate OS, PFS, and LC rates. ResultsThe median follow-up time was 17 months. For all 27 patients, the 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month OS rates were 100%, 88%, 57.5%, and 47.9%, respectively; the 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month PFS rates were 74.1%, 58.6%, 47.9%, and 35.9%, respectively; the 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month LC rates were 96.3%, 91.9%, 84.8%, and 76.4%, respectively. No grade 3 or above toxic reactions were observed. Five patients were diagnosed with radiation-induced liver injury, but there was no death due to radiation-induced liver injury. ConclusionSBRT is safe and effective in the treatment of unresectable cholangiocarcinoma, with relatively high survival rate, PFS rate, and LC rate and low toxicity, and therefore, SBRT can be used as an alternative treatment method for patients with cholangiocarcinoma who are not candidates for surgery.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 176-184, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960921

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo identify the functions of the AP2/ERF family members in Pinellia ternata and promote the genetic improvement of P. ternata varieties. MethodWe identified and conducted a systematic bioinformatics analysis of the AP2/ERF family member genes in P. ternata based on the three generations of transcriptome data. Real-time polymerase Chain reaction (Real-time) PCR was employed to determine the expression pattern of AP2/ERF genes in different tissues and under different stress conditions. ResultA total of eight full-length AP2/ERF family members were identified from the transcriptome data, which were classified into three sub-gene families: AP2, ERF, and DREB. The deduced AP2/ERF proteins in P. ternata had the length of 251-512 aa, the theoretical pI of 5.29-11.72, the instability index of 45.90-82.41, subcellular localization in the nucleus, and conserved domains and motifs. AP2/ERF genes were expressed in different tissues of P. ternata, with high expression levels in the leaf. The stress response experiments showed that PtERF1 mainly responded to NaCl stress. The expression of PtERF2 and PtERF4 was significantly up-regulated under low temperature and polyethylene glycol (PEG)-simulated stress. PtERF3 responded to both low temperature and NaCl stress. The expression of PtERF5 was induced by high temperature, low temperature, NaCl and PEG stress. The expression of PtERF7 was up-regulated under high temperature, while that of PtERF8 under low temperature. ConclusionThe AP2/ERF genes in P. ternata can respond to stress and have the potential functions of regulating photosynthesis and improving root stress resistance.

3.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 146-149, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933893

ABSTRACT

This article reported a male neonate with Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) caused by DHCR7 gene compound heterozygous variations. The patient presented with multiple malformations and feeding difficulties after birth and was transferred to the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan Normal University (Hunan Provincial People's Hospital) from a local hospital eight days later. Physical examination found general scleredema, scalp defects, short penis, urinary tract malformation, bilateral syndactyly of the second and third toes, and low serum cholesterol. Whole-exome and Sanger sequencing indicated a compound heterozygous mutation in the DHCR7 gene, c.852C>A(p.F284L), and a de novo mutation of c.820_825del(p.N274_V275del). SLOS is rare in the Asian populations and prone to missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis with difficulty in clinical management. The possibility of SLOS should be considered for newborns with multiple malformations and low serum cholesterol.

4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1017-1022, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of 4-hydroxy-2, 2, 6, 6-tetramethylpiperidine (Tempol) on the expressions of hypoxia inducible factor-1 α (HIF-1α)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and lung development in premature neonatal rats under intermittent hypoxia (achieved by supplying a low concentration of oxygen).Methods:The intermittent hypoxia model was established.Caesarean section of rats was performed at 21 days of gestation when the fetal rats were estimated to be in labor.A total of 192 premature neonatal rats survived and were randomly divided into 6 groups according to random number table method: air control+ saline group, air control+ Tempol group, constant oxygen + saline group, constant oxygen + Tempol group, intermittent hypoxia + saline group, and intermittent hypoxia + Tempol group, 32 rats in each group.On the 7 th, 14 th and 21 st day of birth, the lung tissues of 8 neonatal preterm rats in each group were taken.Malondialdehyde (MDA) and total antioxidant capacity (TAOC) were detected by chemical analysis.The mRNA and protein levels of HIF-1α and VEGF were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR) and immunohistochemistry, respectively.Another 8 neonatal rats in each group were taken for pulmonary function test on the 21 st day after birth. One- way ANOVA and SNK- q test were used for comparison among and between groups, respectively. Results:Compared with the constant oxygen + saline group, the intermittent hypoxia + saline group showed mild pulmonary septal thickening, increased MDA, decreased TAOC, elevated mRNA and protein expression levels of VEGF and HIF-1 α, and decreased lung function indexes.The differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Compared with the corresponding saline group, the intermittent hypoxia + Tempol group had decreased MDA and increased TAOC, and the differences were statistically significant at 14 d[MDA(3.09±0.45) nmol/(mg·pr) vs.4.02±0.30) nmol/(mg·pr), TAOC(3.13±0.31) U/(mg·pr) vs.(2.44±0.22) U/(mg·pr)]and 21 d[MDA(2.87±0.43) nmol/(mg·pr) vs.(4.47±0.56) nmol/(mg·pr), TAOC(3.47±0.35) U/(mg·pr) vs.(2.31±0.32) U/(mg·pr)] (all P<0.05). Compared with the corresponding saline group, the mRNA and protein expression of HIF-1 α and VEGF decreased in the intermittent hypoxia+ Tempol group, and the decrease in the mRNA expression of HIF-1 α was statistically significant at 14 d (2.11±0.60 vs.2.88±0.59) (all P<0.05). Lung function indexes, including tidal volume[(0.41 ± 0.01) mL vs.(0.36±0.02) mL], minute respiratory ventilation[(35.48 ± 2.95) mL vs.(30.62±2.27) mL], maximum expiratory flow[(2.19 ± 0.19) mL/s vs.(1.51±0.19) mL/s]and dynamic lung compliance[(2.65 ± 0.40) mL/cmH 2O vs.(1.83±0.34) mL/cmH 2O, 1 cmH 2O=0.098 kPa]increased (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Tempol can alleviate the lung injury induced by intermittent hypoxia under the intervention of a low concentration of oxygen to premature newborn rats and improve their lung function.

5.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 453-458, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954304

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of propofol on malignant biological behaviors of prostate cancer DU145 cells and its possible mechanism.Methods:Control group, 5-fluorouracil group (200 ng/ml) , low-dose propofol group (100 ng/ml) and high-dose propofol group (400 ng/ml) were set up. CCK-8 kit was used to measure the level of cell proliferation, Transwell method was used to measure the abilities of cell invasion and migration, flow cytometry was used to measure the level of apoptosis, and qRT-PCR and Western blotting were used to measure hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and c-Met mRNA and protein levels.Results:The survival rates of the control group, 5-fluorouracil group, low-dose propofol group and high-dose propofol group were (83.32±3.02) %, (36.29±3.54) %, (62.01±4.69) % and (40.20±5.48) % ( F=8.65, P=0.006) ; the apoptosis rates were (2.36±0.41) %, (12.47±0.40) %, (6.28±0.39) % and (10.24±0.37) % ( F=26.73, P=0.001) . Further pairwise comparison showed that there were statistically significant differences (all P<0.05) . The numbers of penetrating membranes of the four groups were 617.45±29.86, 125.27±24.38, 407.02±32.27 and 230.74±31.59 ( F=18.33, P=0.002) ; the migration distances were (603.85±27.74) μm, (121.69±25.85) μm, (395.59±28.37) μm and (233.52±30.42) μm ( F=27.02, P=0.001) . Further pairwise comparison showed that there were statistically significant differences (all P<0.05) . HGF mRNA expression levels of the four groups were 6.26±0.39, 1.94±0.35, 4.15±0.37 and 2.90±0.33 ( F=25.31, P=0.001) ; c-Met mRNA expression levels were 5.85±0.30, 2.04±0.32, 3.89±0.31 and 2.94±0.32 ( F=12.12, P=0.003) ; HGF protein expression levels were 1.43±0.04, 0.34±0.08, 0.86±0.06 and 0.63±0.09 ( F=17.02, P=0.001) ; c-Met protein expression levels were 1.63±0.14, 0.39±0.15, 0.93±0.11 and 0.64±0.17 ( F=19.89, P=0.001) . Further pairwise comparison showed that there were statistically significant differences (all P<0.05) . Conclusion:Propofol has obvious inhibitory effects on the malignant biological behaviors of prostate cancer DU145 cells, and the inhibitory effect of high-dose propofol is more obvious. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of HGF and c-Met mRNA and protein expressions of DU145 cells by propofol, which inhibits the activation of HGF/c-Met pathway.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 100-104, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933374

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of intestinal flora in female patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with comorbid coronary heart disease.Methods:Female patients with T2DM from September 2019 to November 2020 were enrolled in this study and divided into 2 groups stratified by coronary heart disease: 22 patients with coronary heart disease(T2DM+ CHD group) and 49 patients with simple T2DM group(T2DM group). Thirty-one healthy females were selected as the normal control group(NC group). The abundance of intestinal flora, the difference in intestinal flora and its relationship with indicators such as glycosylated hemoglobin and fasting blood glucose was analyzed by the real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR detection technology in the three groups.Results:The abundance of Prevotella in the T2DM group was lower, and Roseburia inulinivorans and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii in the T2DM+ CHD group were lower, while Bacteroides and Enterococcus spp in the T2DM+ CHD group were higher compared with NC group, respectively( P<0.05). The abundance of Bacteroides and Enterococcus spp in the T2DM+ CHD group was lower than that in the T2DM group( P<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that the abundance of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and Eubacterium rectale was negatively correlated with obesity while abundance of Bacteroides and Enterococcus spp was positively correlated with HbA 1C and fasting blood glucose. The abundance of Bacteroides was positively correlated with TCH and TG(all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that Bacteroides and Enterococcus spp were independent influencing factor of the development of female patients with T2DM and CHD. Conclusion:Female T2DM and T2DM with CHD had intestinal flora imbalance, which was related to a variety of glucose and lipid metabolism indicators, and might be closely related to the occurrence of T2DM and CHD. Bacteroides and Enterococcus spp were independent influencing factors of the development of female patients with T2DM and CHD. Regulating the intestinal flora can provide ideas for the prevention and treatment of T2DM with CHD in female.

7.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 198-201,217, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907416

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression and clinical significance of KIF20A in HER2-positive breast cancer.Methods:The clinicopathological characteristics of 82 cases of HER2-positive breast cancer were retrospectively analyzed. The expression of KIF20A in tissues was detected by immunohistochemical method, and the expression of KIF20A in HER2 overexpression breast cancer and its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed. The mRNA level of KIF20A in HER2-positive breast cancer tissues and normal tissues adjacent to cancer were analyzed by bioinformatics methods.Results:The positive expression of KIF20A was in the nucleus, forming brown-yellow particles. In HER2-positive breast cancer tissues, the positive high expression rate of KIF20A is 57.3%, while it is mainly low or no expression in the adjacent tissues. The high expression of KIF20A is significantly correlated with tumor size and pTNM stage, while the correlation with age and tumor grade is not statistically significant. The results of bioinformatics analysis suggest that the high expression of KIF20A in invasive breast cancer is significantly related to poor disease-free survival.Conclusions:KIF20A is abnormally expressed in HER2-positive breast cancer, which is related to the tumor grade and pTNM stage of HER2 overexpression breast cancer, and the high expression of KIF20A indicates a poor prognosis.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2120-2124., 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886933

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy and safety of sequential lenvatinib therapy after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in the treatment of advanced primary liver cancer. MethodsA total of 18 patients with advanced primary liver cancer who were admitted to The Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from October 2018 to May 2019 were enrolled, among whom there were 4 patients with BCLC stage B liver cancer and 14 patients with BCLC stage C liver cancer. The prescribed dose of planning target volume was 48-55 Gy (median 50 Gy) in 6-9 fractions, and the median of single dose was 6 (5-9) Gy per fraction. Oral administration of lenvatinib was given since 1 week after SBRT was finished, with a median medication time of 9.5 (3.6-25.8) months. Follow-up was performed once a month for the first 3 months after treatment and once every 3 months after 3 months of treatment. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate overall survival (OS) rate, progression-free survival (PFS) rate, and local control (LC) rate, and the incidence rates of adverse reactions and complications were also observed. ResultsUp to the follow-up on November 30, 2020, a total of 8 patients died, among whom 3 died of liver failure, 3 died due to tumor progression, 1 died of perforation of gallbladder, and 1 died of gastrointestinal bleeding. At 3, 6, 9, 12, and 18 months of treatment, the OS rates were 100%, 94%, 83%, 72%, and 67%, respectively, the PFS rates were 100%, 67%, 50%, 22%, and 17%, respectively, and the LC rates were 100%, 94%, 94%, 94%, and 94%, respectively; the median OS time was >18 months, and the median PFS time was 9 months. Of all patients, 1 (6%) had a grade 3 adverse reaction during SBRT and 2 (11%) experienced a grade 3 adverse reaction during lenvatinib treatment, and no fatal adverse reaction was observed. ConclusionIt is preliminarily proved that sequential lenvatinib therapy after SBRT is an effective and safe treatment method for advanced primary liver cancer.

9.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): E011-E011, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811501

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate and analyze the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of some cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Beijing.@*Methods@#A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of 46 patients with COVID-19 in Beijing from 20th January 2020 to 8th February 2020 at the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital. Features of clinical symptoms, laboratory inspections and imaging inspections were analyzed. Statistical analysis used Fisher exact test. If P<0.05, post-hoc test was used for pairwise comparison, and the statistics were corrected by Bonferroni test.@*Results@#Among the 46 patients included in this study, 27 were male and 19 were female. The age range was between 3 - 79 years old, and the mean age was (41.8 ± 16.3) years old. The average incubation period was (4.85 ± 3.00) days. A total of 26 cases (56.5%) were clustered patients, and 12 (26.1%), 23 (50.0%) and 11 patients (23.9%)were assigned to the mild group, common group, and sever group, respectively. Fever (39.8%), cough (27.6%), and fatigue (25.3%) was the main clinical symptom for these patients. The decrease in white blood cell counts occurred in 12 patients, four had the decrease in T lymphocyte counts, 17 had the decrease in CD4 + T lymphocyte counts, seven had the decrease in CD8 + T lymphocyte counts, 21 had the increase level of C-reactive protein (45.7%), and IL-6 level increased in 32 cases (69.6%), erythrocyte sedimentation rate increased in 20 cases(50.0%), serum ferritin level increased in 26 cases (56.5%), and blood lactate level increased in nine cases. There was a statistically significant difference in the number of cases in which the absolute value of T lymphocytes and of CD8 + T lymphocytes decreased among the mild, common and severe groups (all P<0.05). Comparing the number of cases in the three groups with elevated C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, serum ferritin and blood lactate levels, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The number of cases with elevated C-reactive protein levels was higher in severe group than that in mild and common group. The number of cases with elevated interleukin-6, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and serum ferritin levels were higher in severe group than in mild group. The number of cases with elevated blood lactic acid levels was higher in severe group than in mild group. The differences between the above groups were statistically significant (both adjusted P<0.017). Analysis of chest X-rays showed that 34 patients (73.9%) had inflammation in the lungs.@*Conclusions@#The epidemiological characteristics of cases with COVID-19 in Beijing are mainly imported cases and clustered cases. The clinical manifestations are mainly fever , fatigue and cough. C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, red blood cell sedimentation rate, serum ferritin and blood lactate levels are higher in severe patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 262-265, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871054

ABSTRACT

This article reported a case of nemaline myopathy caused by KLHL40 gene complex heterozygous mutations. This baby girl presented with shortness of breath, low myodynamia, and low muscle tension immediately after birth. However, her symptoms became worse after conventional treatment. Physical examination found lower muscle strength and muscle tone in four limbs and no primitive reflexes. The biochemistry test showed increased serum creatine kinase (CK). A muscle biopsy was not performed. The second-generation gene test confirmed the KLHL40 gene complex heterozygous mutations, which was a known mutation c.932G>T (p.R311L) and a de novo mutation c.1487T>A (p.M496K), inherited from the father and mother, respectively. Nemaline myopathy is a rare congenital muscular disease characterized by nemaline bodies in muscle fibers. Pathological and genetic diagnoses are the gold standards for the diagnosis of this disease.

11.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 150-154, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867597

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and analyze the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 46 patients with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Beijing City.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of 46 patients with COVID-19 in Beijing from 20th January 2020 to 8th February 2020 at the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital in Beijing City. Twelve, 23 and 11 patients were assigned to the mild group, common group and severe group, respectively. The epidemiological history, clinical characteristics, laboratory tests and imaging inspections were analyzed. Statistical analysis used Fisher exact test. If P<0.05, post- hoc test was used for pairwise comparison, and the statistics were corrected by Bonferroni test. Results:Among the 46 patients included in this study, 27 were male and 19 were female. The age range was between 3-79 years old, and the age was (41.8±16.3) years old. The average incubation period was (4.85±3.00) days. A total of 26 cases (56.5%) were clustered patients, and 26 cases had a history of staying in Wuhan, 10 cases had contact with Wuhan personnel. Fever (39 cases, 84.8%), cough (27 cases, 58.7%), and fatigue (25 cases, 54.3%) were the main clinical symptoms for these patients. The decrease in white blood cell counts occurred in 12 patients, four had the decrease in T lymphocyte percentage, 17 had the decrease in CD4 + T lymphocyte counts, seven had the decrease in CD8 + T lymphocyte counts, 21 had the increase level of C reactive protein (45.7%), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) level increased in 32 cases (69.6%), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) increased in 23 cases (50.0%), serum ferritin level increased in 26 cases (56.5%), and blood lactic acid level increased in nine cases. There were statistically significant differences in the proportion of cases with decreased absolute value of CD8 + T lymphocytes and T lymphocytes counts among the mild, common and severe groups (all P<0.05). Comparing the proportion of cases in the three groups with elevated C reactive protein, IL-6, ESR, serum ferritin and blood lactic acid levels, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The proportion of cases with elevated C reactive protein levels in severe group was higher than those in mild and common groups. The proportion of cases with elevated IL-6, ESR, and serum ferritin levels in severe and common group were higher than those in mild group. The proportion of cases with elevated blood lactic acid levels in severe group was higher than those in mild group. The differences between the above groups were statistically significant (all adjusted P<0.017). Analysis of chest X-rays results showed that 34 patients (73.9%) had inflammation in the lungs. Conclusions:The epidemiological characteristics of patients with COVID-19 in Beijing City are mainly imported cases and clustered cases. The clinical manifestations are mainly fever, fatigue and cough. C reactive protein, IL-6, ESR, serum ferritin and blood lactic acid levels are higher in severe patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 749-752, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796675

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the survival and side effects of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in large hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients.@*Methods@#Twenty-eight large HCC patients undergoing SBRT in 302 Military Hospital from November 1, 2011 to January 31, 2014 were observed. The prescribed dose was 39-61 Gy/3-9f. Among them, 20 patients simultaneously received transcatheter arterial embolization. The overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and local control (LC) rates were calculated by using Kaplan-Meier method. The influencing factors of OS were analyzed by Cox regression model. The influencing factors of radiation-induced liver disease (RILD) were identified by using Logistic regression analysis.@*Results@#The 1-, 2-, 3-and 5-year OS rates were 75%, 57%, 54% and 22%, respectively. The 1-, 2-, 3-and 5-year PFS rates were 59%, 47%, 36% and 18%, respectively. The 1-, 2-, 3-and 5-year LC rates were 92%, 86%, 86% and 86%, respectively. Four patients suffered from RILD and none died from RILD. Child-Pugh classification was the influencing factor of OS and RILD.@*Conclusion@#It is preliminarily believed that SBRT is an alternative and safe treatment for patients with large HCC.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 749-752, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791421

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the survival and side effects of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in large hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients.Methods Twenty-eight large HCC patients undergoing SBRT in 302 Military Hospital from November 1,2011 to January 31,2014 were observed.The prescribed dose was 39-61 Gy/3-9f.Among them,20 patients simultaneously received transcatheter arterial embolization.The overall survival (OS),progression-free survival (PFS) and local control (LC) rates were calculated by using Kaplan-Meier method.The influencing factors of OS were analyzed by Cox regression model The influencing factors of radiation-induced liver disease (RILD) were identified by using Logistic regression analysis.Results The 1-,2-,3-and 5-year OS rates were 75%,57%,54% and 22%,respectively.The 1-,2-,3-and 5-year PFS rates were 59%,47%,36% and 18%,respectively.The 1-,2-,3-and 5-year LC rates were 92%,86%,86% and 86%,respectively.Four patients suffered from RILD and none died from RILD.Child-Pugh classification was the influencing factor of OS and RILD.Conclusion It is preliminarily believed that SBRT is an alternative and safe treatment for patients with large HCC.

14.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 27-33, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699268

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Objective To understand the influence of family integrated care (FICare) model to the human breastfeeding rate of preterm infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).Method It is a multicenter cluster randomized controlled trail for intervention and prognosis.According to inclusion and exclusion criteria,preterm infants with gestation age 28 ~ 35 weeks in 9 NICUs of tertiary hospitals in 8 provinces in China were enrolled and divided into FICare and control group.Mothers of FICare infants were invited to stay in NICU ward at bedside for no less than 3 hours per day.Under the supervision of nurses,FICare infants'mothers complete 13 items of infants'caring skills including Six-step Hand Washing and hand hygiene,positioning the baby,changing diapers and estimating urine output,skin and mouth caring,kangaroo care and so on.The primary outcome is the human breastfeeding rate.Secondary outcomes include feeding parameters and FICare-related parameters.SPSS 20.0 software is used for the data analysis.Result (1) There were 212 infants and 215 infants enrolled in FICare group and control group,respectively.There was no significant difference between 2 groups in gender,gestational age,birth weight (BW),Z-score of BW,singleton percentage,antenatal steroid completion,diagnosis,day of life (DOL) for starting feeds (P > 0.05).(2) There was no significant difference between 2 groups in DOL for full feeding (P > 0.05).The median age of starting breastfed in both groups was DOL 4.There were 202 cases (87.3%) in FICare group and 80 cases (34.9%) in control group be successfully breastfed.The rate of formula feeding,incidence of nosocomial infection,DOL for regaining BW,decrease of BW AZ score in FICare group was significantly lower than the control group,and the weight gain velocity after regaining BW in FICare group was significantly higher than the control group (P < 0.05).(3) The implementation of FICare and completion of antenatal steroid were the independent protective factors for breastfeeding (OR =27.703,95% CI 14.531 ~ 52.816;OR =9.496,95% CI 4.768 ~ 18.912),while nosocomial infection and delayed DOL for starting breastfeeding were the independent risk factors for breastfeeding (OR =0.380,95%CI 0.182 ~0.795;OR =0.847,95% CI 0.734 ~0.977).Conclusion FICare is significantly beneficial to the breastfeeding rate of preterm infants in NICUs.FICare may decrease the severity of extrauterine growth retardation.

15.
The Journal of Clinical Anesthesiology ; (12): 282-286, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694930

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Objective To investigate the effects of different degrees of autophagy on the apop-tosis of GABAergic neurons in spinal dorsal horn of postherpetic neuralgia model mice. Methods Forty-eight Kunming mice,approximately 6-8 weeks of age and weighing 18-22 g,were randomly divided into four groups by a random digital generator of SPSS 19.0:resinotoxin+autoph-agy induction group (group PHN+Rapa),resinotoxin group (group PHN),resinotoxin+autophagy inhibitor group (group PHN+3-MA)and blank control group (group C),12 mice in each group. Group C was given no treatment,and the other groups were given intraperitoneal injection of 0.2 μg/g resiniferatoxin (RTX)to prepare PHN model.After successful model establishment,group PHN+Rapa was given Rapamycin (1 μg·kg-1·d-1),physiological saline was given to group PHN, group PHN+3-MA was given 2 μg·kg-1·d-1autophagy inhibitor 3-MA.The intraperitoneal injection was continued for 14 day.The mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT)and the latent period of thermal withdrawal latency (TWL)were detected and the mice were killed after stability. The segments of L4-6spinal cord were extracted and the relative expressions of bcl-2,Bax and autoph-agy-associated protein LC3 were detected by western blot.Detection of the number of apoptotic cells in the spinal cord by fluorescence Tunel.The number of GABA intermediate neurons in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord was labeled by immunofluorescence.Results Compared with group C,the rel-ative expression level of Bax protein increased significantly,the LC3-II/I ratio and the number of ap-optotic cells increased significantly,the relative expression level of Bcl-2 protein and the number of GABA neurons in spinal dorsal horn were significantly reduced in other groups (P<0.05).Compared with group PHN,the LC3-II/I ratio and the relative expression level of Bax protein,the number of apoptotic cells increased significantly,the relative expression level of Bcl-2 protein and the number of GABA neurons in the spinal dorsal horn were significantly decreased of group PHN+Rapa (P<0.05).Compared with group PHN,the relative expression level of LC3-II/I ratio and Bax protein, the number of apoptotic cells decreased significantly,the relative expression level of Bcl-2 protein and the number of GABA neurons in spinal dorsal horn increased significantly of group PHN+3-MA,(P<0.05).Conclusion Over activation of autophagy may be one of the mechanisms leading to the ap-optosis of GABA neurons in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord in postherpetic neuralgia.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1122-1126, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923852

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To establish theoretical framework, content, and standard of disability data using International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Methods The structure and content of the Disability Survey Project Form by Washington Group on Disability Statistics, World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0, Model Disability Survey developed by World Health Organization and ICF Core Set (General) were analyzed with ICF categories and coding. Results The sturcture and contents of disability measurements has been developed and analysed using ICF.Conclusion The framework, content and data standard had been developed.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1117-1121, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923851

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To analyze theoretical frameworks, definitions, terminology and measurements of disability using International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), and United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), to provide a scientific basis for developing definition, classification and measurements to meet international standards.Methods Content analysis had been conducted for the definitions and measurements of disability issued by international organizations using the ICF terminology and code and the definitions of disability and people with disability by CRPD.Results The core concepts and content had been reviewed using the ICF terminology and code, and the definitions of disability and people with disability by CRPD. The contents of definitions of disability proposed by international organizations cover all components of ICF. The contents of standardized disability measurements issued by United Nations or World Health Organization cover all components of ICF and map to CRPD definitions of disability and people with disability as the framework, classification, terminology and coding system had been adopted for the development.Conclusion The definition and measurements had been developed using ICF and CRPD framework, terminology, and coding system of disability. The framework and standard of disability had been constructed. The standard of disability data will implement in the fields of health, rehabilitation, education, employment, community and social services for people with disability to promote data exchange across sectors.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 980-986, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923696

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To analyze the policies and theories, and built the theoretical framework and methods to provide policy support and service development for the development of community-based physical activity and rehabilitation for people with disabilities based on WHO Community-based Rehabilitation (CBR) Guidelines.Methods The relevant policies at home and abroad were analyzed using policy research and literature research methods, and the functions of community-based physical activity were systematically analyzed based on the framework of WHO CBR Guidelines.Results The community-based physical activity can empower people with disabilities in the fields of health, rehabilitation, education, life, and social integration.Conclusion Based on WHO CBR Guidelines, the theory and policy framework of community-based physical activity for people with disabilities has been developed. It is benefit to promote the implementation of the National "Healthy China 2030 Outline" and the "National Fitness Program" to develop community-based physical activity for PWDs, to strengthen guidance and support services for community-based physical activity and to integrate physical activity and rehabilitation at community level for people with disability. It is also to achieve inclusive community development.

19.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 510-513, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608095

ABSTRACT

There is no specific treatment for post-polio syndrome. The common applied therapies include mediciation, exercise, cogni-tive behavioural therapy, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, Traditional Chinese Medicine, assistive technology, psychological and social factors adjustment, interdisciplinary comprehensive rehabilitation, and so on.

20.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 497-500, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608075

ABSTRACT

Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a syndrome after acute infection of poliovirus and sequelae of polio. The incidence of PPS is high, and more in old patients. The pathological features of PPS include chronic nerve damage affected muscles, result in fatigue, pain, breathing and sleep disorders, fall risk, and so on, which impair their health and quality of life. The hypotheses of pathogenesis of PPS in-clude over load of motor neurons, and the continuous existence of the poliovirus, etc. PPS is a stable neuromuscular disease progressing slowly.

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