Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1803-1806, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906809

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the status of serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D[25 (OH)D] in children aged 0-6 years in Gansu Province, and to analyze the relationships between 25 (OH)D and age, seasonal characteristics and physical development, so as to provide a scientific reference for supplementing vitamin D for children in due time.@*Methods@#Stratified random cluster sampling method was used to select a total of 9 790 children aged 0-6 years from 6 cities and prefectures maternity and child health institutions in Gansu Province for health examination from January 2019 to December 2020. Serum 25 (OH)D concentration from 1 mL peripheral blood was tested by enzyme linked immunoassay. Subjects were classified into overweight and normal figure groups based on weight for height.@*Results@#the serum 25 (OH)D level M(P 25 ,P 75 ) of the children aged 0-6 was 81.31(63.14, 95.86)nmol/L. The detection rate of 25 (OH)D deficiency and insufficiency was 45.11%. The serum 25 (OH)D level of children 4- 6 years old was significantly lower than that of infants <1 year old and children 1-<4 years old, and the detection rate of 25 (OH)D deficiency and insufficiency was highest among 4-6 years old( χ 2=83.67, P <0.05). In winter the proportion of 25 (OH)D insufficiency and deficiency was highest (55.82%) ( χ 2=194.12, P <0.01). For overweight children, the abnormal rate of 25 (OH)D (19.83%) was significantly higher in autumn ( P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Children s vitamin D levels were associated with age, season and physical development. Vitamin D surveillance should be focused on ages less than 1 year old and above 4 years old, winter should be an important season. For overweight children, autumn should be the focus period for vitamin D deficiency prevention.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the quality of life of senior women with urinary incontinence and to explore its influencing factors.Methods:A convenient sampling method was used to select 152 senior women with urinary incontinence in Fuzhou Hot-Spring Street Community, Dongjie Street Community and Old-age Care Institutions from June 2017 to September 2017. The quality of life of elderly women with urinary incontinence were observed and the influencing factors were analyzed via International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form (ICI-Q-SF) and Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (I-QOL).Results:The quality of life of senior women with urinary incontinence was (98.7±12.2) points. The scores of the three dimensions including restrictive behavior, social activity limitation and psychological impact were 34.5±4.4 and 41.4±5.4 and 20.8 ± 3.5, respectively. There were 4 factors that influencing the quality of life of patients, namely, the severity of urinary incontinence, the type of urinary incontinence, diabetes and the frequency of leaking urine ( P<0.01). Conclusions:Urinary incontinence has a certain negative impact on the quality of life of patients, and its influencing factors are complex. Individualized care measures should be taken based on the influencing factors to improve the quality of life of patients.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827371

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) brought psychological stress to the public, especially to patients. This study aims to investigate the mental health of patients with COVID-19 in Changsha.@*METHODS@#We took cross-section investigation for the mental health of 112 patients with COVID-19 via questionnaires. Mann-Whitney test, Chi-square test, and Fisher's exact test were performed to compare general and clinical data between the slight-ordinary patients and severe patients. Single sample -tests were used to compare the difference between the factor scores of the Symptom Check-List 90 (SCL-90) in COVID-19 patients with the norm of 2015 and factor scores of SCL-90 in patients with the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).@*RESULTS@#The obsessive-compulsive, depression, sleep and eating disorders had the highest frequency among the positive symptoms of SCL-90 in patients with COVID-19 in Changsha. The factor scores of somatization, depression, anxiety, phobia anxiety, sleep and eating disorders in patients with COVID-19 were higher than those of the norm (≤0.001 or 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The levels of somatization, depression, anxiety, phobia anxiety, sleep and eating disorders in patients with COVID-19 in Changsha are higher than those of the norm. However, the mental health of slight-ordinary patients with COVID-19 is better than that of patients with SARS. It needs to provide targeting psychological interventions depending on the severity of patients.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Betacoronavirus , China , Coronavirus Infections , Psychology , Depression , Feeding and Eating Disorders , Health Status , Humans , Mental Health , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Psychology , Sleep Wake Disorders , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 606-611, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708788

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the standard paths of creative expression cognitive intervention program for Chinese older adults with mild cognitive impairment(MCI).Methods Thirty MCI older adults received creative expression cognitive program twice per week for six weeks.The action research process was implemented through plan,action,observation and reflection to constantly modify and improve the paths.The Montreal cognitive assessment scale(MoCA),daily living activity scale(ADL),self-made creative story-telling therapy activity observation table and feedback form were used to evaluate the effects of program.Results The standard paths of the creative expression cognitive intervention program for Chinese older adults with MCI were established through the action research method.There were no significant differences in MoCA and ADL before and after intervention(P>0.05).The attending intention,attention,expression ability,communication skills,participant levels,enjoyment had been significantly improved through this program (P<0.05).Patients believed that the creative storytelling was able to stimulate their creativity and expression ability,help them attain more social support and trust,thus they would be more willing to involve and cooperate in developing group activities.Conclusion The creative expression cognitive intervention activity is an effective and feasible non-pharmacological treatment for Chinese older adults with MCI.It provides an economical,convenient,easy to implement,and higher participatory nursing suitable technology for elderly service industry.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1797-1800, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490566

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of DOPA decarboxylase (DDC) and dopamine receptor-1 (DRD1) and clinical phenotype feature in autistic children.Methods TaqMan probes real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to determine genotype and allele of SNPs of DDC gene (rs6592961) and DRD1 (rs251937) gene in 97 autism children.The Children Autism Rating Scale (CARS) was used to evaluate clinical phenotype feature.Results There was no significant difference in the distribution of the allelic frequency and genotype between mild-medium group and severe group of CARS scores (P > 0.05).For DDC gene (rs6592961),significant difference was found in subscale between genotypes G/G and A/A (P =0.043).For DRD1 gene (rs251937),significant difference was found in subscale between genotypes T/T and C/C (P =0.029).Conclusions In DDC gene (rs6592961),the children with G/G genotype were more obvious than the children with A/A genotype.In DRD1 gene (rs251937),the children with T/T genotype were more obvious than the children with C/C genotype.

6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 658-661, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477285

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the role of parameters of organ function during heat stroke (HS) on the prognosis, and to form the treatment strategy through an analysis of parameters of organ function during HS. Methods A retrospective study was conducted. Thirty-seven patients with HS (HS group) and 54 patients with mild-to-moderate stroke (stroke group) admitted to Zhejiang Xiaoshan Hospital from 2011 to 2014 were enrolled. The experimental results of organs function indicators for patients were recorded including:① cardiac markers:troponin I (TnI);② myocardium zymogram: creatine kinase (CK), MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST);③ renal function indexes: blood urea nitrogen (BUN), uric acid (UA), and serum creatinine (SCr);④ electrolyte: serum K+, Na+, and Cl-;⑤coagulation function: prothrombin time (PT), international normalized ratio (INR), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), fibrinogen (FIB), and D-dimer;⑥ blood gas analysis: pH value, arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), base excess (BE), standard bicarbonate (SB), and actual bicarbonate (AB);⑦ routine blood test: blood platelet count (PLT);⑧ hepatic function: alanine aminotransferase (ALT). Abnormal rates of laboratory parameters of 37 HS patients were statistically analyzed. Various laboratory parameters of organs function as well as the initial value and extreme value (maximum or minimum value) during treatment of CK and PLT in HS patients were compared between two groups.Results The abnormal rates of 37 HS patients were more than 70%, including incipient value of TnI, CK, LDH, AST, serum Na+, ALT, D-dimer, PaCO2, AB, maximum value of CK, and minimum value of PLT, the abnormal rates being 73.0%, 70.3%, 81.1%, 78.4%, 78.4%, 70.3%, 70.3%, 70.3%, 75.7%, 81.1%, 75.7%, respectively. The abnormal rates of other parameters were less than 70%. There were significant differences in incipient value of TnI, CK, LDH, AST, serum K+, serum Na+, D-dimer, and PLT between HS group and mild-to-moderate stroke group [TnI (μg/L): 0.087 (0.026, 0.306) vs. 0.007 (0.004, 0.110),Z = -7.017,P = 0.000;CK (U/L): 392.30 (287.60, 524.10) vs. 137.10 (106.33, 607.80),Z = -7.930,P = 0.000; LDH (U/L): 317.98±122.74 vs. 207.85±57.71, t = 1.678,P = 0.000; AST (U/L): 94.90 (52.80, 155.80) vs. 26.10 (18.13, 317.40),Z = -6.157, P = 0.000; serum K+ (mmol/L): 3.46±0.65 vs. 3.86±0.57,t = 1.662,P = 0.001; serum Na+ (mmol/L): 129.75±7.34 vs. 138.79±4.26,t = 1.674,P = 0.000; D-dimer (mg/L): 2.53 (0.63, 6.00) vs. 0.30 (0.21, 9.71),Z = -5.084, P = 0.000; PLT (×109/L): 144.62±86.14 vs. 219.48±64.76,t = 1.669,P = 0.000]. There were also statistically significant differences in the initial value and extreme value of CK and PLT between HS group and mild-to-moderate stroke group [CK (U/L): 392.30 (287.60, 524.10) vs. 721.50 (546.30, 964.10),Z = -6.351,P = 0.000; PLT (×109/L):132.40±82.55 vs. 68.24±44.62,t = 1.688,P = 0.000].Conclusions HS can impair several organs and systems, having complications, and it is a heavy insult for body. Increasing of CK and decreasing of PLT has some value to assess illness changes. It is helpful of laboratory results for doctors to estimate complications on time.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-596705

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the homology of the pandrug-resistant Acinetobactor baumannii(PRABA) by randomly amplificed polymorphic DNA(CRPD) to guide the control of the nosocomial infection and epidemology investigation.METHODS Eighteen strains of PRABA were collected from Jul 2008 to Mar 2009 in our hospital.The bacteria were examined by DADE BEHRING Microscan WalkAway 96SI;DNA extracted from all isolates was amplified by polymerase chain reaction using random primers.In addition epidemology investigation and antimicrobial susceptibility testing were also under taken.RESULTS Fifteen strains were divided into 6 RAPD profiles.There were two clonal strains derived,respectively,from two intensive care units.One strain was isolated from a patient in surgical ward who was transferred from ICU1,showing same homology with that in the ICU1.The homology was different from sensitive strains and drug-resistant strains obviously.CONCLUSIONS An outbreak of PRABA happens in intensive care unit.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-534311

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the relationship between the fluctuation of blood glucose and the macrovascular complication of atherosclerosis (AS) in diabetic patients.METHODS:The individuals with different glucose tolerance were observed by continuous glucose monitoring for 3 days including the mean blood glucose (MBG) and its standard deviation (SD),mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (MAGE) and absolute means of daily differences (MODD).In addition,the intima-media thickness (IMT),intima smoothness as well as AS scores were measured respectively in bilateral common carotid arteries by means of high resolution B mode ultrasonography.RESULTS:The incidence of macrovascular complications in the subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2DM) was significantly higher than those in the subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT),and a significantly difference between group IGT and T2DM was observed.The indexes detected by B mode ultrasonography were all increased gradually from NGT to IGT,then to newly diagnosed T2DM.The values of glycemic excursion were higher in IGT and T2DM group,especially in the subjects with diabetes than those in NGT group.In addition,multiple regression analysis showed that MAGE was significantly correlated with mean IMT and AS scores.CONCLUSION:Blood glucose fluctuation is associated with atherosclerosis.The patients with a larger range of blood glucose excursion have higher risks for developing atherosclerotic complications.The impaired glucose stability is a possible risk factor for atherosclerotic macroangiopathy in diabetes.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL