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1.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-168305

ABSTRACT

Stent thrombosis (ST) is one of the major complications that occur in percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) with stents. Various factors have been attributed to the development of ST, and several strategies have been recommended for its management. Protein C or protein S deficiencies may uncommonly be responsible for coronary arterial thrombosis. We report a young woman with recurrent stent thrombosis due to the deficiency of protein S. After coronary stenting, stent thrombosis occurred two times despite aggressive medical therapy. This report suggests that the deficiency of protein C or S should be born in mind in a young patient with recurrent thrombotic events, and that anticoagulants in addition to antiplatelet agents considered in the presence of their deficiency.

2.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-167260

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of fasting for a period of one month during Ramadan on the lipid profile of Bangladeshi female volunteers who fasted during the Arabic month of Ramadan, when there occurs a change, both in the pattern and timing of dietary intake. Findings of the study showed that Ramadan fast significantly reduced serum Total cholesterol (TC) (p=0.030) and Low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) (p=0.011). A statistically nonsignificant elevation of triglyceride (TG)) was observed (p=0.598). High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) also found to be raised significantly at the end of fasting (p = 0.037). Findings of the study revealed that fasting during the month of Ramadan changes lipid profile pattern in an aniatherogenic direction and may be beneficial to health.

3.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-168279

ABSTRACT

Drug-eluting stents (DES), which locally elute antiproliferative drugs, can dramatically inhibit neointimal growth. However, several pathological studies have indicated that DES may delay healing after vascular injury, and DES implantation may be theoretically associated with a risk of coronary artery aneurysm formation. Coronary aneurysms have been reported from 3 days to up to 4 years after DES implantation procedures, with varying clinical presentations. Mr. X, 60 years old diabetic, hypertensive got admitted in NICVD and was diagnosed as a case of Chronic Stable Angina. His ETT was strongly positive, CAG showed significant long lesion in LAD. Direct stenting with DES to LAD done and whole procedure was uneventful. After 10 days of PCI patient got readmitted in hospital with complaints of chest discomfort with high grade fever for 2 days. ECG showed AMI (Extensive Anterior) indicating involvement of LAD territory with strong suspicion of Sub Acute Stent Thrombosis (SAST). Streptokinase could not be given due to delayed arrival. Patient was treated conservatively with Low Molecular Weight Heparin. Check CAG was done 7 days after readmission showing Patent stent in LAD with aneurysmal dilatation at the distal end of stent in LAD. The objective of this case report is to focus on the rare but not uncommon incidence of stent implantation.

4.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-168270

ABSTRACT

Background: Contrast-Induced Nephropathy (CIN) is an iatrogenic disorder, resulting from exposure to contrast media. The association between pre-procedural blood glucose levels and CI-AKI risk (regardless of pre-existing diabetes) is unknown. The present study was conducted to evaluate the incidence of CI-AKI in patients with admission hyperglycemia in non-diabetic ACS patients. Methods: This is Prospective, observational study done in the department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), Dhaka. Considering inclusion and exclusion criteria, 50 patients were non diabetic with ACS with normal blood glucose (d”7.8 mmol/l or d”140 mg/dl) in (Group I) and 50 patients were non diabetic with ACS with high blood glucose (>7.8 mmol/l or >140 mg/dl) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention in (Group II). On admission random blood glucose was measured. Non- ionic low osmolar contrast agents (lopamidol) was used in all patients. Serum creatinine, serum electrolytes was measured and creatinine clearance rate was determined within 24 hours before PCI and day 1 and 2 after PCI. Results: The incidence of CIN was 24% in high blood glucose group and 4% in normal blood glucose group (p=0.004). It was also observed that gradual incremental increase in risk of CIN associated with higher admission blood glucose level. There was positive correlation between s. creatinine and admission blood glucose but it showed negative correlation between CCr and admission blood glucose after PCI in ACS patients not known to be diabetic. Conclusion: The present study reveals that index admission high blood glucose in acute coronary syndrome patients not known to be diabetic is associated with increased incidence of contrast induced nephropathy after percutaneous coronary intervention.

5.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-168257

ABSTRACT

Background: It has been found that there is strong association of QT dispersion and QT dispersion ratio with extent and severity of coronary artery disease. Qualitative importance of QTc dispersion on the base line ECG in patients with MI is recognized clinically but quantification of this phenomenon is less commonly used in clinical practice, which might be a better independent risk predictor of this group of patients. Methods: A total of 100 patients were selected, Study populations sub-divided into two groups on the basis of QTc dispersion. In group I (comparison group): QTc dispersion is <60 milliseconds (msec) in group II (study group) : QTc dispersion e”60milliseconds(msec). 50 patients in each group. QT dispersion was calculated on standard resting 12 lead ECGs. QT interval was measured from the beginning of the inscription of the QRS complex to the point at which the T wave returned to the isoelectric line. Angiographic severity of coronary artery disease was assessed by- Vessel score, Friesinger score and Leaman score. Interpretation of coronary angiogram was reviewed by at least two cardiologists. . Results: The mean vessel score for group I patients was 1.16±0.68 and that of group II patients was 2.30±0.64 and the mean difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). Patients those had single vessel involvement had mean QTc dispersion 57.05, patients those had double vessel disease mean QTc dispersion was 102.00 and patients those had triple vessel involvement had mean QTc dispersion 177.60. There was a strong positive correlation with the QTc dispersion and increasing number of vessel involvement (Pearson’s correlation coefficient). The mean Friesinger score for group I patients was 4.84±2.56 and that of group II patients was 9.80±2.60. The mean difference was significantly (p<0.05) higher in group II patients. There was a strong positive correlation between the QTc dispersion and Leaman score (Pearson’s correlation coefficient). In group I patients 56% had insignificant coronary artery disease and 44% had significant coronary artery disease defined by Friesinger index (n=100). In group II patients 6% had Insignificant coronary artery disease & had 94% significant coronary artery disease. Conclusion: QTc dispersion>60 ms had independent predictive value for the severity of coronary artery disease. The greater the QTc dispersion the higher the number of coronary artery involvement. We observed that there is a positive correlation between prolonged QT dispersion and coronary artery disease severity in terms of Vessel score, Friesinger score, Leaman score.

6.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-167239

ABSTRACT

Different species of mushrooms are being used increasingly for their nutritional and medicinal values. They are used in traditional medical practice in the treatment and prevention of diabetes, obesity, heart diesaes, hyperacidity, cancer and hypertension. This study was designed to see the effects of Pleurotus ostreatus on blood pressure and glycemic status of hypertensive diabetic male volunteers. The study was carried out in the National Mushroom development and Extension Center (NAMDEC) laboratory, Savar, Dhaka in collaboration with the Department of Pharmacy along with the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Jahangirnagar University. A total of 27 hypertensive male volunteers suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus with age range of 32 to 68 years, who were free from renal impairment and other known acute or chronic diseases were included in the study. Blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c and serum creatinine were measured before and after 3 months of regular intake of 3 grams mushroom powder capsule daily in in 3 divided doses. However they were allowed to continue the drugs they were taking already. The study showed that after 3 months of regular intake of Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom, both systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased significantly (p<0.001). It was also observed that, Pleurotus ostreatus decreased fasting plasma glucose level significantly (p<0.001). Reduction of HbA1c % observed after 3 months of mushroom intake was found to be significant (p<0.001). But there was no significant change of plasma creatinine level (p>0.05) indicating Pleurotus ostreatus has no detrimental effect on renal system. From the study, it can be said that, Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom intake improves glycemic status and blood pressure control in diabetic hypertensive subjects.

7.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-168232

ABSTRACT

Background: Contrast-Induced Nephropathy (CIN) is an iatrogenic disorder, resulting from exposure to contrast media. The aim of this study was to assess whether anaemia is a predictor of contrast induced nephropathy after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI). Methods: This was a prospective observational study. A total of one hundred patients fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria who underwent (PCI) Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty with stenting, were studied during the study period of two years from January 2008 to December 2009. Patients were divided into two groups : Group-I (n=50), patients with low hemoglobin (male <13-10gm/dl, female < 12-10 gm/dl) and Group-II (n=50), patients with normal hemoglobin (male >13gm/dl, female >12gm/dl). Non-ionic low-osmolar contrast agents was used in all patients.Volume of contrast medium (ml) was recorded. Adequate hydration given intravenously (ml). Prior to procedure serum creatinine, serum electrolytes and Creatinine clearance rate were measured within 24 hrs before PCI and on days 1,2,3 after PCI. If there is renal impairment (CIN) serum creatinine, serum electrolytes and Creatinine clearance rate were measured daily from the 4th day onward after PCI until recovery. Results: The mean serum creatinine level of low hemoglobin group and normal hemoglobin group were 0.9mg/dl and 1mg/dl respectively at base line. The low hemoglobin group experienced a considerable increase in serum creatinine up to 1.5mg/dl at day 3 compared to 1.3 mg/dl in normal hemoglobin group. When the most common definition of contrast induced nephropathy (as an increase in the serum creatinine concentration >0.5 mg/dl from baseline) was used the incidence of CIN was 26% in low hemoglobin group and 8% in the normal hemoglobin group. Conclusion: preprocedural low hemoglobin is an independent determinant of increased incidence of contrast induced nephropathy after percutaneous coronary intervention.

10.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-167203

ABSTRACT

Magnesium (Mg) and potassium (K) are the major intracellular cations whose presence in the serum are low, but minor changes of those may show a remarkable change in the various body functions specially in the heart. The study was designed to find out the correlation between serum Mg and K in acute myocardial infarction (AMI), chronic ischemic heart disease (CIHD) and normal healthy volunteers. It was carried out over a period of 18 months in the Department of Biochemistry, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) in collaboration with Department of Cardiology, Sir Salimullah Medical College & Mitford Hospital (SSMC & MH) and Atomic Energy Center, Dhaka. A total of 101 subjects were included in which 32 subjects were AMI, 34 CIHD and 35 normal healthy volunteers. Serum glucose and serum creatinine were estimated to exclude diabetes and renal dystrophies. Estimation of serum CK-MB and ECG tracing were done as diagnostic tools of AMI and to categories the subjects into various groups. Serum Mg was estimated by Atomic absorption spectrophotometer and serum K by Ion sensitive electrode. The present study shows that there is a strong positive correlation of serum Mg and K in AMI, CIHD and healthy control subjects (r = 0.566, p<0.01 level). So it is suggested to estimate and supplement both Mg and K in IHD patients for their better management.

11.
Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull ; 1984 Jun; 10(1): 7-12
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-161

ABSTRACT

A case of typical Turner's syndrome with short stature, broad chest with widely spaced nipple, prominent carrying angle, short metacarpels and absence of secondary sex characters is reported. The cytological observation showed sex chromatin negative and 45, XO chromosomal constitution.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bangladesh , Female , Humans , Karyotyping , Pedigree , Sex Chromatin/analysis , Turner Syndrome/epidemiology
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