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1.
Tropical Biomedicine ; : 324-334, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777836

ABSTRACT

@#Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) is one of the most important zoonotic parasitic diseases in human, livestock, and wildlife globally. The prevalence of CE depends upon human behavioral risk factors, the diversity and ecology of animal host interactions and the genetic diversity within Echinococcus species which differ in their zoonotic potential and pathogenicity. It is a neglected, economic and socio-cultural problem in Pakistan. The available data about the incidence of CE is very limited and no extensive study has been reported in Pakistan. The current study was aimed to analyze the hospital reported cases of CE and the associated risk factors related to the incidence of CE. The hospital-based data of CE for the time period of January 2012-December 2017 was collected from Islamabad, Rawalpindi and Peshawar. The data covered demographic characteristics including age, gender, and cyst localization of infected individuals and socioeconomic determinants. The data was analyzed based upon different risk factors along with the different socioeconomic parameters that has an important impact on the distribution of disease. A total of 228 cases were presented in the selected hospitals of different cities during the study period. Out of total 228 patients, 59.21% were males and 40.78% were females (P<0.001). Most infections have been recorded in young adults (>20-30) showing 22.8% of total infected individuals followed by children (0-10) showing 10.5% (n=24), respectively (P<0.001). Liver was the most vulnerable organ (58.77%, n=134) followed by lungs (14.47%, n=33) (P<0.001). The infection was higher among rural communities (84.2%) than urban (12.8%) (P<0.001). Socioeconomic and demographic factors had an important impact on the intensity of disease (P<0.001). The occurrence of cases in children and young adults was an important finding as it indicated an active transmission of the parasite in Pakistan along with the poverty index. Emergence of echinococcosis in Pakistan showed that emerging health issues in Pakistan could bring the disease to limelight for future research. This finding, together with the fact that 1 hospital reported 214 cases over 6 years 325 underlines the need for a program for prevention/control of this disease in Pakistan. The timely measure needs to be taken to hamper the disease development and establishment. In order to control the disease, complete surveillance should be done which in turn weighs down the disease progress.

2.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-181813

ABSTRACT

Background: Descemet’s membrane detachment (DMD) is an uncommon but serious complication of intraocular surgery. It requires prompt intervention to prevent corneal decompensation. Intracameral injection of air is the most commonly practiced and most successful modality of management in such circumstances. Aim and Objective: To analyze the possible causes of Descemet’s membrane detachment (DMD), evaluate the efficacy of intracameral air injection in its management, analyze when to do other interventions & to evaluate the outcome of patients after successful management. Methods: After Ethical committee approval, clinical data of 50 eyes of 50 patients during the period April 2014 to April 2016, who developed DM detachment after cataract surgery were noted. Study area: - IGIMS, Patna, Bihar, India. Study population: - 50 eyes of 50 post cataract surgery patients developing intra-operative DMD in the period of April 2014 to April 2016. Results: Patients were within the age group 54 to 82 years, mean was 65.38 ± 7.11. Sex distribution was 24 male and 26 female patients. Majority of the patients (n=37, 74%), had severe corneal edema. 8% had mild and 18% had moderate corneal edema. Descemet’s membrane detachment as noted from the ASOCT was, Range 10% to 95%, Mean 46.20, SD 24.065. Only air was sufficient to re-attach DMD ranged from 10% to 55%, mean = 36.50 and SD = 14.815. Visual acuity of patients on Post-Op (Day 1) versus Post-Op (1 week), c2 = 22.1 and P = 0.00019144, which was a significant improvement. Conclusion: Intra Cameral injection of air is demonstrated as a safe and efficacious option for the repair of Descemet's membrane detachment. Use of Isoexpansile 14% C3F8 is an effective and promising alternative for cases not resolving with repeated intra cameral air injection.

3.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-163131

ABSTRACT

This work was carried out to study the effect of iron on the growth density of Mycobacterium tuberculosis as well as drug susceptibility testing. Fifty two smear-positive acid fast bacilli out of 100 sputum specimens were obtained from patients who were referred to National Health Laboratory, Federal Ministry of Health, Sudan. The smear positive specimens were cultured onto control LJ medium and other three sets of LJ medium containing ferrous sulfate (iron) with different concentration; 100 mg/l, 200 mg/l and 400 mg/l. The growth was graded as negative (0 = no growth), +1 (1-19 colonies), +2 (20-100 colonies) +3 (100-200 colonies), +4 (200-500 colonies) and +5 (more than 500 colonies). At the same time, proportion method was applied to test susceptibility of mycobacterial isolates (20 isolates) to anti-tuberculosis drugs; isoniazid (INH), rifampicin (RIF), ethambutol (EMB) and streptomycin (STM) in the presence and absence of ferrous sulfate. Chi squire test was used to analyze categorical variables and the significance level was set at P = .05. Collectively, the results showed that the growth density of M. tuberculosis increased significantly when ferrous sulfate was added to LJ medium. Resistance to the four first line anti-tuberculosis drugs (INH, RIF, EMB, STM), INH and EMB were also respectively increased from 10% to 15℅, 20% to 40% and 10% to 15% in the presence of ferrous sulfate. Contrary to other findings, it was observed that addition of ferrous sulfate to LJ medium enhanced the activity of STM while no effect was seen on RIF and multi-drug resistance (INH and RIF). The study concluded that the growth density of M. tuberculosis can be enhanced by supplementing LJ medium with 100-200 mg/l iron. This would be useful in recovery of the organisms from specimens with a low bacterial load particularly in laboratories in low income setting. Supplementation of LJ medium with iron must be avoided if drug susceptibility testing is required.

4.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-167603

ABSTRACT

Filariasis is a major health problem in the Indian Subcontinent. Due to its nocturnal periodicity it may be difficult even to demonstrate in the blood. In heavy parasitic load they may appear in the blood, urine with chyle and at times in scrotal aspirates. It is very rare and unusual to find microfilaria in thyroid aspirate. This case report of presence of microfilaria in thyroid aspirate suggest that careful screening is important for thyroid lesions as patients may present with thyroid enlargement other than usual thyroid lesions

5.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-152822

ABSTRACT

Background: The logical thinking of medical practitioners play significant role in decision making about diagnosis. It exhibits variation in decisions because of their approaches to deal with uncertainties and vagueness in the knowledge and information. Fuzzy logic has proved to be the remarkable tool for building intelligent decision making systems for approximate reasoning that can appropriately handle both the uncertainty and imprecision. Aims & Objective: To develop a generic fuzzy expert system framework that can be used to design specific fuzzy expert systems for particular medical domain. Material and Methods: The generic fuzzy expert system has been designed for diagnosis of cardiac diseases. The interface between visual basic and MatLab is powerful feature of the system that offers user friendly graphical user interface. Results: Need to arrive at the most accurate medical diagnosis in a timely manner is the main outcome that may reduce the further complications. A generic fuzzy expert system for the diagnosis of various heart diseases yields better result than the classic designed systems, because this system simulates the manner of an expert in true sense. Conclusion: The particular focus is on diagnosis of heart disease by employing the fuzzy logic in expert systems. The system has been designed and tested successfully. Exhaustive rule base specifically formed for almost all heart diseases ensures the accuracy to arrive at certain decision.

6.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-168270

ABSTRACT

Background: Contrast-Induced Nephropathy (CIN) is an iatrogenic disorder, resulting from exposure to contrast media. The association between pre-procedural blood glucose levels and CI-AKI risk (regardless of pre-existing diabetes) is unknown. The present study was conducted to evaluate the incidence of CI-AKI in patients with admission hyperglycemia in non-diabetic ACS patients. Methods: This is Prospective, observational study done in the department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), Dhaka. Considering inclusion and exclusion criteria, 50 patients were non diabetic with ACS with normal blood glucose (d”7.8 mmol/l or d”140 mg/dl) in (Group I) and 50 patients were non diabetic with ACS with high blood glucose (>7.8 mmol/l or >140 mg/dl) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention in (Group II). On admission random blood glucose was measured. Non- ionic low osmolar contrast agents (lopamidol) was used in all patients. Serum creatinine, serum electrolytes was measured and creatinine clearance rate was determined within 24 hours before PCI and day 1 and 2 after PCI. Results: The incidence of CIN was 24% in high blood glucose group and 4% in normal blood glucose group (p=0.004). It was also observed that gradual incremental increase in risk of CIN associated with higher admission blood glucose level. There was positive correlation between s. creatinine and admission blood glucose but it showed negative correlation between CCr and admission blood glucose after PCI in ACS patients not known to be diabetic. Conclusion: The present study reveals that index admission high blood glucose in acute coronary syndrome patients not known to be diabetic is associated with increased incidence of contrast induced nephropathy after percutaneous coronary intervention.

7.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-168256

ABSTRACT

Background: Ischemic Heart Disease which encompasses Acute Coronary Syndrome and Chronic Stable Angina is the most common cause of worldwide mortality and morbidity. Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) is a non-invasive ultrasonographic technique to image the carotid arteries which measures the thickness of the intima and media of these vessels. It is a marker of atherosclerotic process. Flow mediated dilatation (FMD) is a marker of endothelial function of arteries. Ischemic heart disease can be predicted long before its actual occurrence by observing these two phenomenons. Methods: This cross sectional study done in the Department of Cardiology, Dhaka Medical College Hospital during the period of Oct 2010- Sept 2011.We enrolled 102 patients admitted with IHD by purposive sampling. We assessed FMD of brachial artery, CIMT by vascular duplex. Coronary artery disease severity was assessed by vessel score, stenosis score and extent score from angiography. Results:The mean (±SD) age of the patients was 50.9(±11.3) years. The male- female ratio was 5:1. CIMT has significant negative correlation with FMD (r=-.407, p=<.001). Flow mediated dilatation of brachial artery has weak but significant negative co-relation with vessel score(r=-.609, p=<.001), stenosis score(r=- .493, p=<.001) and extent score (r=-.477, p=<.001). However, carotid intima media thickness has weak but positive correlation with vessel score (r=.447, p=<.001), stenosis score (r=.417, p=<.001) and extent score(r=.412, p=<.001). Conclusion: The present study concludes CIMT has significant negative correlation with flow mediated dilatation of brachial artery. FMD has weak but significant negative co-relation and CIMT has weak but positive correlation with vessel score, stenosis score and extent score of coronary arteries.

8.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-168136

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronary artery diseases are one of the major challenges faced by cardiologists. Control of certain risk factors for CAD is associated with decrease in mortality and morbidity from myocardial infarction and unstable angina. So, identification and taking appropriate measures for primary and secondary prevention of such risk factors is, therefore, of great importance. This retrospective study was carried at the newly set up cath lab in Dhaka Medical college. Materials and Methods: Total 228 consecutive case undergone diagnostic coronary angiogram from 10th January 2007 to31st January 2009 out of which 194(80%) were male and 34 (20%) were female. In both sexes most of the patients were between 41 to 60 years of age. Risk factors of the patients were evaluated. Results: In females commonest risk factor was Diabetes (58.8%) followed by dyslipidaemia (35.3%). In males commonest risk factor was hypertension (30.9%) followed by smoking (29.9%) and diabetes (28.3%). In males 44.3% patients presented with acute myocardial infarction followed by stable angina (43.3%); but in females stable angina was the commonest presentation (50.0%) followed by myocardial infarction (38.2%).CAG findings revealed that in males 33.5% had double vessel disease 26.8% followed by single vessel 26.8% and multivessel disease 25.3%. In females normal CAG was found in 35.5% followed by double vessel 23.5%, multivessel 20.6% and single vessel 20.6%. On the basis of CAG findings; in males 41.8% patients were recommended for CABG, followed by PTCA & stenting 26.3% and medical therapy 30.0%; where as in females 55.9% were recommended for medical therapy , followed by CABG 32.4% and PTCA & stenting11.8%. Conclusion: The commonest presentation of CAD was 4th and 5th decades in both sexes. Diabetes and dyslipidaemia were more common in females whereas hypertension and smoking were more common in males. Myocardial infarction and stable angina were most common presentation in both sexes though in males myocardial infarction was more common. In males the angiographic severity of CAD was more and they were more subjected for CABG in comparison to females.

9.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-1152

ABSTRACT

To our knowledge, population-based published data regarding the cancer profile in Mymensingh region of Bangladesh is not available. This study was designed to provide information regarding the frequencies of cancers through sample data retrieved from histopathology (surgical pathology) laboratory based cancer registry from two laboratories in Mymensingh. All malignant tumours recorded in 2006 in the register of pathology laboratory of Mymensingh Medical College and one private pathology laboratory in Mymensingh town were taken as sample data for analysis in terms of age groups, gender and types of cancer with relation to site. A total of 470 cases diagnosed as cancer were found in the register, of which males were 249(53%) and females were 221(47%) with male to female ratio 1.2: 1. Highest numbers of cases were found in the age group of 51-60 years. In male group frequency of malignant tumours was found in the age group of 51-60 years and the female group it is 41-50 years. Top five sites of cancer, irrespective of sex, were of stomach, uterine cervix, colo-rectum, lymph nodes and breast. According to decreasing order of frequency, in the males, the top five cancers were of stomach, lymph node, oesophagus, urinary bladder and colo-rectum. In the female groups these were of uterine cervix, breast, ovary, colo-rectum and stomach. Cancer cases in the age group of 51-60 years were significantly higher in males than in females (p<0.001). The commonest cancers in males and females were of stomach and cervix, respectively. As the analysis was based only on surgical specimens, the exact incidence of cancer of lung and liver could not be evaluated. Because, majorities of the malignancies in these organs are diagnosed mainly on cytological examination. Population-based cancer registry should be maintained to explore the exact patterns of cancer in the study region. Cervical cancer screening program and eradication of H. pylori infection program may be helpful for the reduction of incidence of cancer in this region.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Age Distribution , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bangladesh/epidemiology , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Sex Distribution
10.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-1178

ABSTRACT

Prospective study was carried out on 100 patients since May 2005 in my private practice and in the department of pediatric surgery of MMCH. Under caudal anesthesia along with or without ketaminie induction and gas inhalation all the patients underwent different surgical procedure namely anorectal surgery (eg. anoplasty, rectal polyp), urogenital surgery (Circumcision, hypospadias, meatotomy), groin surgery (hernia, hydrocele) and foot & leg surgery. Calculated dose schedule of drugs used in anesthesia and volume were maintained. Time of giving anesthesia and time of starting analgesia were recorded. Per-operative and postoperative analgesia were evaluated. Every parent was explained regarding the merit of caudal anesthesia calculated and compared with that of general anesthesia. Application of caudal anesthesia with or without ketamine & diazepam induction can be used safely and cost effectively and may be put into protocol in many of the pediatric surgical practice both in institute and also in private practice.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Caudal/adverse effects , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Patient Satisfaction , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Urogenital System/surgery
11.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-1158

ABSTRACT

Mitral stenosis(MS) detected below the age of 20 years is called juvenile mitral stenosis (JMS). JMS constitute 25-40 % of all cases of isolated mitral stenosis, though overall incidence of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) within mixed population is 7.5- 7.8 per thousand. The patient was 5 years old girl hailing from Modhupur, Tangail got herself admitted into CCU Mymensingh Medical College Hospital with the complaints of low grade fever, shortness of breath and also associated with failure to thrive. She was ill looking, mildly anaemic. Precordial examination revealed apex beat was in the left 5th intercostals space, tapping in nature, palpable P(2). There was left parasternal heave. 1st heart sound loud, pulmonary component of the 2nd heart sound was accentuated, opening snap with mid diastolic murmur with pre systolic accentuation. Routine blood examination reveals leucocytosis with raised ESR. C-reactive protein (CRP) and ASO titre were significantly raised. X-ray chest P/A view showing the features of mitral stenosis. Echocardiography showing MS (moderate) with pulmonary hypertension. She was treated with antibiotics and other relevant drugs and discharge with an advice for follow up and take preparation for cardiac intervention.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Diagnosis, Differential , Echocardiography , Female , Humans , Mitral Valve Stenosis/diagnosis , Radiography, Thoracic , Rheumatic Heart Disease/complications
12.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-1160

ABSTRACT

Upper part of gastrointestinal tract is common site of malignancy. Histological types of malignancy of esophagus and stomach may vary in different countries and also in different regions in the same countries. To find out the frequencies of different histological malignancies in Mymensingh region of Bangladesh, we analyzed the histopathological reports of 259 biopsy specimens examined in one pathology laboratory in Mymensingh town during the period from 6th January 2002 to 29th April 2004. Endoscopic biopsies were 234 (90.35%) and surgical biopsy specimens were 25 (9.35%). Male patients were 193 (72.52%) and female patients were 66 (25.48%). Specimens of esophagus were 73 (28.19%) and of stomach were 186 (71.81%). Out of 69 (94.53%) adequate samples of esophagus 46 (74.19%) were squamous cell carcinoma and 16 (25.81%) were adenocarcinoma. Adequate samples of stomach were 177 (95.16%) in which malignancies were found in 119 (67.23%). All the malignant tumor of stomach were in adenocarcinoma of which 82 (68.91%) were intestinal type, 17 (14.29%) were diffuse type and 20 (16.81%) mixed type. Intestinal type of gastric adenocarcinoma was found to be significantly associated with male patients (p < 0.005). From the present study it is suggested that in the Mymensingh region the common form of malignant lesion of esophagus may be squamous cell carcinoma followed by adenocarcinoma. Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of gastric malignancy of which intestinal type is more common


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bangladesh/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology
13.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-1350

ABSTRACT

The therapeutic and prognostic evaluation of malignant neoplasia of liver depends mostly on morphologic diagnosis. Ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of liver has been proved to be a rapid, reliable and cost-effective method for cytological diagnosis of hepatic mass lesions. This study was undertaken to find out the frequency of different benign and malignant space occupying lesions (SOL) of liver from patients attending for FNAC in Mymensingh. Ultrasound guided FNAC was performed on 108 patients with hepatic mass lesions from September 2, 2001 to August 19, 2003. There were 67 (62.0%) males and 41 (37.96%) females with a mean age 53 year (SD +/- 14) ranging from 2 to 83 years. Samples were adequate in 101 (93.5%) and inadequate in 7 (6.5%). Out of 101 adequate samples only one was benign (liver abscess) and 100 were malignant. Of the malignant lesions hepatoblastoma was in 1 (1%), hepatocellular carcinomas in 8 (8%), metastatic adenocarcinomas in 73 (73%) and unclassified malignancies were in 18 (18%). Most of the hepatocellular carcinomas occurred in males (7 in 8). The frequency of metastatic adenocarcinoma was more in males (39 vs. 34) but the difference is not significant (p > 0.05). Ultrasound guided FNAC of liver is a rapid, reliable and cost-effective diagnostic method. It can be practice in any centres where ultrasound facility and specialist pathologists are available.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biopsy, Fine-Needle/methods , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Hepatoblastoma/diagnosis , Humans , Infant , Liver/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Sensitivity and Specificity
14.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-1325

ABSTRACT

A prospective study of primary glomerulonephritis covering two and half years period was done at Dhaka Medical College Hospital & IPGMR, Dhaka from June 90 to July 92. A total of 100 cases were included in this study. All of the patients were of 13 years and above, clinically diagnosed, and by laboratory investigations, the diagnoses were established. In this study, we have tried to find out age incidence, sex ratio, possible aetiological factors, common clinical presentation, biochemical parameters and histological typing of primary glomerulonephritis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Edema/etiology , Female , Glomerulonephritis/complications , Humans , Hypertension/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/etiology , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies
15.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-1214

ABSTRACT

Angiographic profile of fifty young patients of coronary artery disease aged 40 or under were analysed and compared with those of fifty older patients. Mean age of younger and older group was 36.34 (range 28 to 40 years) and 55.28 (44-74 years) years respectively and most of the patients were male in both the group (92 Vs 94%). Older patients were more diabetes (40 Vs 24%) and hypertensive (38 Vs 60%) but the younger patients had more family history of premature coronary artery disease (50% Vs 24%). The incidence of smoking and dyslipidemia did not vary between the two groups. Older patients had more history of myocardial infarction (69 Vs 58%) but angina were more in young patients (42 Vs 31%). Coronary angiography revealed more number of multivessel disease in older patients (74 Vs 54%) but the younger patients had more normal coronary arteries and single vessel disease (46 vs 26%). Coronary athesclerosis was also extensive in older patients as revealed by the higher coronary score, more involvement of coronary segments, more number of diseased and diffusely involved coronary vessel in older patients. Older patients needed more revasalarization process (74 Vs 60%), more coronary bypass surgery (40 Vs 24%) and had more inoperable vessels (16% Vs 4%) than the younger patients. So the younger patients having less extensive coronary artery athesclerosis with better prognostic probability should be evaluated angiographically for further definitive management in the from of revascularization.


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Distribution , Aged , Bangladesh/epidemiology , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Disease/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Revascularization , Severity of Illness Index
16.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-1114

ABSTRACT

To find out the epidemiological characteristics of the patients with Kala-azar attending to a pathology laboratory at Mymensingh we studied retrospectively in a total of 65 patients. These patients were suspected to be Kala-azar as they were suffering from usually chronic fever, anaemia and splenomegaly. They were referred for serological detection of anti-k39 Leishmanial antibody by Immunochromatographic test (ICT) method. ICT positive cases were included for study. Majority cases were suffering from fever of more than 3 months (40%). Out of 65 patients 43 (66.15%) were males and 22 (33.85%) were females with a M:F ratio 2:1. Patients of 10 or less then 10 years of age were 17 (26.15%), in 11-20 years 23 (35.38%), in 21-30 years 13 (20.00%), in 31-40 years 5 (7.69%), in 41-50 years (6.15%) and in more than 50 years 3 (4.62%). Distribution of patients in different districts were: Mymensingh 54 (83.08%), Tangail 5 (7.69%), Jamalpur (4.62%), Netrokona 1 (1.54%) and Kishorgonj 1 (1.54%). In Mymensingh district patients were distributed as following Upazilla:Trishal 22 (40.74%), Fulbaria 11 (20.37%), Mymensingh Sadar 7 (12.96%), Gaforgaon 7 (12.96%),Bhaluka 5 (9.96%), Fulpur 1 (1.85%) and Nandail 1 (1.85%). Patients were found to scattered among different Unions of the affected Upazillas. The details addresses of the Kala-azar patients are recorded in authors computer databases. This may help in the further study regarding pathogenesis, reservoir and vectors of Leishmania in endemic areas. It may also helps in the community based study of Kala-azar. Present study supports that Kala-azar is still prevailing in the south-western region of greater Mymensingh in Bangladesh of which males and the adolescents are more affected.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Bangladesh/epidemiology , Child , Female , Humans , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
17.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-1301

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to evaluate the relationship between body iron status and lipid profile in hospital admitted clinically diagnosed AMI patients considering the concept that there is a potential association between body iron status and coronary heart disease (CHD). Total 80 subjects were selected, of which 40 were healthy adults and 40 were AMI patients. Fasting blood samples were collected from healthy adults. Blood samples of AMI patients were collected within 24 hours of the attack of myocardial infarction. Body iron status was measured in term of 3 variables serum total iron concentration, TIBC and transferrin saturation. Lipid profile variables measure were total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol. No correlation was found between serum iron and the variables of lipid profile. TIBC was found to maintain negative correlation with total cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol but positive correlation with HDL-cholesterol. Transferrin saturation was found to maintain strongly positive correlation with total cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol but strongly negative correlation with HDL-cholesterol. This correlation of TIBC and transferrin saturation with lipid profile supports the hypothesis that there is a potential association between body iron status and coronary heart disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Iron/blood , Lipids/blood , Myocardial Infarction/blood
18.
Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull ; 2000 Aug; 26(2): 33-40
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-198

ABSTRACT

One thousand two hundred and eighty one clinically suspected untreated patients with pulmonary tuberculosis were studied from an urban tuberculosis clinic in Dhaka. Majority of the 1281 patients (77.6%) were from the age group of 14 to 44 years. Sputum, 106 (8.3%) were found positive for mycobacteria (both by Ziehl-Neelsen smear staining and culture to consider those as confirmed cases of mycobacterial infection. Out of these 106 cases, 101 (95.3%) were identified as M. tuberculosis and the rest 5 (4.7%) as Non-tuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM). Among the 101 M. tuberculosis strains, 30 (29.7%) were resistant to at least one drug; 16 (15.8%); to isoniazid, 11 (10.9%) to rifampicin, 07 (6.9%) to streptomycin, 03 (2.9%) to ethambutol and 04 (3.9%) to pyrazinamide. Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) was found in 5 (4.95%) cases. 5 (4.95%) cases were resistant to two drugs and 3 (2.97%) cases to three drugs. Ciprofloxacin was tested against 30 strains of M. tuberculosis; 2 (6.67%) of which were resistant. This is the first report of ciprofloxacin resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis from Bangladesh. All the 5 strains of NTM tested for said 5 anti-tuberculous drugs, were found resistant to more than one.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antibiotics, Antitubercular/pharmacology , Bangladesh/epidemiology , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Middle Aged , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/drug effects , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/microbiology
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