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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 39-42,47, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884007

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investivate the relationship of serum estradiol and oxidative stress with microcirculation resistance in women with syndrome X.Methods:A total of 120 patients with syndrome X who were hospitalized in the Department of Cardiology in Guangzhou First People's Hospital from January 2015 to January 2019 were enrolled. All patients underwent coronary angiography and pressure wire examination and were divided into two groups according to the index of microcirculation resistance (IMR). Forty healthy people in the medical examination center were used as controls in the same period. The level of serum estradiol, interleukin-1 (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), superoxide dismutase (SOD) were measured among three groups.Results:The rate of diabetes mellitus in high IMR group was higher than that in control group and low IMR group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between low IMR group and control group ( P>0.05). The levels of serum estradiol and SOD were significantly lower in high IMR group than those in low IMR group and control group. The levels of IL-1 and TNF-α were significantly higher in high IMR group than those in low IMR group and control group ( P<0.05). These indexes have the same relationship between low-IMR group and control group ( P<0.05). The level of serum estradiol was negatively correlated with the levels of IL-1 and TNF-α in high and low IMR groups and positively correlated with the level of SOD in these groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that diabetes, low serum estradiol level, low SOD level, high IL-1 level, high TNF-α level were the independent risk factors for microcirculation resistance in women with syndrome X ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The decreased serum estradiol is an important factor for coronary microcirculation disorders in women with syndrome X. The decrease of serum estradiol level leads to the loss of the corresponding antagonistic effect in oxidative stress state, which may be one of the important mechanisms of the formation and progress of coronary microcirculation disorder.

2.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 141-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880252

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Perioperative treatment has become an increasingly important aspect of the management of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Small-scale clinical studies performed in recent years have shown improvements in the major pathological remission rate after neoadjuvant therapy, suggesting that it will soon become an important part of NSCLC treatment. Nevertheless, neoadjuvant immunotherapy may be accompanied by serious adverse reactions that lead to delay or cancelation of surgery, additional illness, and even death, and have therefore attracted much attention. The purpose of the clinical recommendations is to form a diagnosis and treatment plan suitable for the current domestic medical situation for the immune-related adverse event (irAE).@*METHODS@#This recommendation is composed of experts in thoracic surgery, oncologists, thoracic medicine and irAE related departments (gastroenterology, respirology, cardiology, infectious medicine, hematology, endocrinology, rheumatology, neurology, dermatology, emergency section) to jointly complete the formulation. Experts make full reference to the irAE guidelines, large-scale clinical research data published by thoracic surgery, and the clinical experience of domestic doctors and publicly published cases, and repeated discussions in multiple disciplines to form this recommendation for perioperative irAE.@*RESULTS@#This clinical recommendation covers the whole process of prevention, evaluation, examination, treatment and monitoring related to irAE, so as to guide the clinical work comprehensively and effectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Perioperative irAE management is an important part of immune perioperative treatment of lung cancer. With the continuous development of immune perioperative treatment, more research is needed in the future to optimize the diagnosis and treatment of perioperative irAE.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate relationship between cold pain of knee joint and subchondral bone marrow edema (BME).@*METHODS@#From May 2018 to August 2019, 92 patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) associated with cold pain of knee were admitted, all patients were underwent MRI examination. The patients were divided into observation group (47 patients with BME) and control group(45 patients without BME). In observation group, there were 6 males and 41 females aged from 36 to 87 years old with an average of (63.2±12.3) years old. In control group, there were 10 males and 35 females, aged from 48 to 84 years old with an average of (62.7±8.3) years old. All patientswere treated with drugs. The degree of joint degeneration was evaluated by Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grading. Degree of cold pain of knee was evaluated by knee cold pain score, and degree of BME was evaluated according to WORMS. The correlation between cold pain of knee and K-L grading and BME was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Score of cold pain in observation group (15.55±7.68) was higher than that of control group (9.42± 5.50), which had significant difference (@*CONCLUSION@#The cold pain of KOA patients is not related to K-L grading, but corelate with BME grading. The Cold pain of knee was more pronounced in KOA patients with BME, and the severity of BME is often related to degree of cold pain. It seemed to be a tendency:the more serious BME, the heavier coldpain.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Marrow , Edema , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Pain/etiology
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881037

ABSTRACT

In the present study, liquiritigenin-phospholipid complex (LPC) was developed and evaluated to increase the oral bioavailability of liquiritigenin. A single-factor test methodology was applied to optimize the formulation and process for preparing LPC. The effects of solvent, drug concentration, reaction time, temperature and drug-to-phospholipid ratio on encapsulation efficiency were investigated. LPCs were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and powder X-ray diffractometry (PXRD). The apparent solubility and n-octanol/water partition coefficient were tested. The pharmacokinetic characteristics and bioavailability of the LPC were investigated after oral administration in rats in comparison with liquiritigenin alone. An LPC was successfully prepared. The optimum level of various parameters for liquiritigenin-phospholipid complex was obtained at the drug concentration of 8 mg·mL


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Biological Availability , Flavanones/pharmacokinetics , Phospholipids/pharmacokinetics , Rats , Solvents
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1946-1951, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879997

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the non-genetic factors of overall survival in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#Kaplan-Meier survival curve, Log-rank test and Cox regression model were used to carry out univariate and multivariate retrospective analysis on clinical and laboratory parameters of 51 patients who were newly diagnosed with MM and had complete follow-up data in the Department of Hematology, the Affiliated Jiangning Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from November 2011 to October 2019.@*RESULTS@#Fifty-one patients included 29 males and 22 females. Followed up to December 2019, 21 cases died and 30 cases survived. The univariate analysis showed that the overall survival time of the patients was influenced by age, disease stage, standard treatment, new drugs, maintenance treatment, hypercalcemia, globulin, albumin, and hemoglobin. The overall survival time of patients with age <65 years old, ISS stage I and II, standardized treatment, new drugs, normal or below normal blood calcium, normal or below normal globulin, albumin ≥35 g/L or hemoglobin ≥100 g/L was prolonged significantly (P<0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that maintenance treatment, hypercalcemia (≥2.6 mmol/L), and hemoglobin (<100 g/L) were independent risk factors influencing the prognosis of MM patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with blood calcium ≥2.6 mmol/L, hemoglobin <100 g/L, and who do not undergo regular maintenance therapy show a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Patients , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1912-1918, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the efficacy of rituximab combined with CHOP/EPOCH regimen for treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL) patients, and to explore the high risk factors of refractory and relapsed patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 72 patients with de novo DLBCL from December 2012 to December 2018 in the Department of Hematology, Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University were retrospectively analyzed. The remission rate of DLBCL patients treated by rituximab combined with CHOP/EPOCH was analyzed, and survival analysis was conducted to explore the risk factors influencing refractory recurrence.@*RESULTS@#45 cases among 72 patients achieved complete remission (CR), 11 cases achieved partial remission (PR), the total remission rate was 77.78%. 25 cases (34.2%) refractory and relapsed. Single factor analysis showed that the B symptoms, low Hb, high NLR, low MLR, high β@*CONCLUSION@#The remission rate of DLBCL patients treated by rituximab combined with CHOP/EPOCH regimen is high, but about one third of the patients still show refractory and relapsed. B Symptoms, anemia, high β


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Etoposide , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879503

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect potential variant in a male neonate affected with congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (CNDI).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the patient was collected. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples from the child and his parents. The whole coding regions of the arginine vasopressin V2 receptor (AVPR2) gene were amplified by PCR and subjected to Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The patient presented recurrent fever and polyuria after birth. Multiple blood gas analyses indicated hypernatremia. Ultrasound showed bilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureter. The patient was partially responsive to hydrochlorothiazide. DNA analysis identified a hemizygous frameshift variant c.890-899delACCCGGAGGC in exon 2 of the AVPR2 gene in the proband. His mother was heterozygous for the same variant.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.890-899delACCCGGAGGC variant of the AVPR2 gene probably underlies the CNDI in the child. Above discovery has enriched to spectrum of CNDI associated variants.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diabetes Insipidus, Nephrogenic/genetics , Exons , Female , Frameshift Mutation , Humans , Hydrochlorothiazide/therapeutic use , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pedigree , Receptors, Vasopressin/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether CT image post-processing software can accurately measure (associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy, ALPPS) related (future liver remnant, FLR).Methods:Clinical data of 9 liver cancer patients undergoing ALPPS were retrospectively analyzed in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from Mar 2015 to May 2019. All cases were divided into 2 groups by measurement: CT′s image post-processing software, or Myrian software. Two groups were compared with each other by paired t-test. Results:FLR from group CT′s image post-processing software was larger than that by Myrian software, there was statistical difference ( t=2.512, P=0.019). The mistakes of FLR measurements by the radiologist using CT′s image post-processing software couldbe caused by: (1)Lacking theoretical knowledge of liver surgery; (2) Adding devitalized tissue of hepatic section into future liver remnant; (3) Concept confusion about liver anatomy; (4) Lack of precision measurement. Conclusions:The inaccuracies generated during the ALPPS related future liver remnant measurements in CT′s image post-processing technique are all caused by human factors. These problems could be solved if the radiologist who operates 3D reconstruction receives liver surgery training or works with liver surgeons.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870173

ABSTRACT

Thrombocytopenia is the main clinical manifestation or common complication of multiple diseases, but there is still a lack of systematic understanding of pathogenesis, underlying diseases and treatment strategies of thrombocytopenia. Based on evidence-based medicine, this consensus summarizes seven aspects related to thrombocytopenia, including definition, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, laboratory examination, diagnosis and treatment. This consensus provides an important reference for the diagnosis and treatment of thrombocytopenia.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870040

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of a Chinese baby with perinatal hypophosphatasia (HPP) and his parents for better understanding of the disease.Methods:The clinical data of the patient with HPP was carefully collected. The laboratory and radiographic examination data were taken for this baby patient. Sequencing for all the twelve tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase(ALPL) exons and the flanking exon-intron junctions were performed in the proband and his parents with their genomic DNA from peripheral blood.Results:The blood level of alkaline phosphatase was decreased in this patient while serum calcium level was increased. His bone revealed chondrodysplasia-like change. Compound heterozygous mutations were found in the proband, with c. 346G>A(p.A116T) in exon 5 and c. 1171C>T(p.R391C) in exon 10. His father and mother were without clinical manifestation while respectively carried c. 346G>A(p.A116T and c. 1171C>T(p.R391C) missense mutations, suggesting an autosomal recessive inheritance in this family.Conclusion:Perinatal HPP has a high mortality rate. Skeletal deformities, hypercalcemia, and low level of ALP are important in the differential diagnosis of perinatal HPP.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870030

ABSTRACT

The clinical manifestation, laboratory findings, and imaging examination of a baby with familial glucocorticoid deficiency were summarized. The patient presented achypnea, cyanosis, and pigmentation of the whole body skin, no convulsion and hypoglycemia found. Laboratory findings revealed low blood cortisol and high blood ACTH levels. A 1-bp homozygous deletion(c.106+ 1delG) in intron 3 of melanocortin 2 receptor accessory protein(MRAP) gene in the patient was found. His parents were found to be heterozygous carrier for the same mutation, without any clinical manifestation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817793

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】ThisstudyaimstoinvestigatewhetherrutecarpinehasaneffectoncalcificationofVSMCand itsunderlyingmechanism.【Methods】InvitromodelofratVSMCcalcificationwasusedinthisstudy.Rutecarpineat differentconcentrationswasusedtotreatculturedratVSMC.Theexpressionof Runx2,BMP2 and Osterix wasanalyzed byqRT-PCRandmineraldepositionwasdetectedbyalizarinredstaining.Inaddition,weexaminedtheeffectofrutecar⁃ pineonSirtuin-1(Sirt1)expressioninVSMCandtheeffectofSirt1inhibitoronVSMCcalcification.【Results】Alizarinred stainingandcalciumcontentassayshowedthatrutecarpineatdifferentconcentrationssignificantlyreducedcalcificationof ratVSMCinducedbyhighphosphorusandhighcalcium(136±10,75±6,52±6,31±5.29,P<0.05).Usageofrutecar⁃ pinedecreasedtheactivityofALP,anosteogenicdifferentiationmolecularmarker,anddown-regulatedtheexpressionof Runx2(2.85±0.25,1.75±0.18,1.62±0.13,1.36±0.16,P <0.05),BMP2(3.2±0.32,1.85±0.17,1.65±0.15,1.43± 0.12,P<0.05)andOsterix(2.60±0.27,1.82±0.16,1.55±0.15,1.36±0.17,P<0.05),suggestingthatrutecarpineinhib⁃ ited osteogenic differentiation of VSMC. In addition,high phosphorus and high calcium down-regulated the expres⁃ sionofSirt1inVSMC.qRT-PCRandwesternblotanalysisconfirmedthatrutecarpineup-regulatedtheexpressionof Sirt1atbothmRNA(0.35±0.06,0.75±0.11;0.22±0.08,0.87±0.13,P <0.05)andproteinlevels(0.38±0.09,0.71±0.13,P<0.05).QuantificationofcalciumcontentanalysisshowedinhibitionofSirt1byEX-527blockedtheinhibitory effectofrutecarpineonVSMCcalcification(138±13,36±7,87±8,P<0.05) .【Conclusion】Wedemonstratethatrutecar⁃ pineattenuatesVSMCcalcificationviaup-regulationofSirt1.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771892

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#RAG1 plays important roles in lymphopoiesis and immune system, its dysfunction may result in the malignancies of hemopoietic system. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of RAG1 expression in adult B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), and to analyze the clinical significances.@*METHODS@#Quantitative PCR (q-PCR) was performed to evaluate the expression of RAG1 in 104 newly diagnosed, 22 relapsed adult B-ALL patients and 30 normal controls, the clinical significances of RAG1 expression were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal controls, newly diagnosed and relapsed adult B-ALL patients showed higher RAG1 expression level (3.94 vs 1.23) (P<0.01), (5.86 vs 1.23) (P<0.01). The analysis of paired simples from 6 cases of newly diagnosed and relapsed B-ALL showed that the expression level of RAG1 at relapse was significantly higher than that at new diagnosis (13.65 vs 2.31) (P<0.01). The RAG1 expression level in IK6 positive patients was higher than that in IK6 negative patients (5.30 vs 2.11) (P<0.05). The ratio of patients with LDH>1 000 U/L in RAG1 high expression group was higher than that in RAG1 low expression group (42.2% vs 20.5%) (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#RAG1 up-regulation may play an important role in the development of adult B-ALL especially when relapsed, which may also take part in the formation of Ik6. Monitoring RAG1 expression may provide a new method to evaluate the prognosis of adult B-ALL patients.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adult , B-Lymphocytes , Homeodomain Proteins , Genetics , Humans , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , Prognosis
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798030

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the blood lead level and its relationship with behavior in school-age children from rural areas of Chongqing.@*Methods@#A total of 697 students from grades 3 to 6 in the fall semester of 2014 from 14 rural townships in one district of Chongqing was selected by using the random cluster sampling method. Blood were sampled to analyze the lead level. Neurobehavioral tests were performed to determine their personal cognitive and memory ability. Questionnaires and physical examinations were administered to obtain the information of confounding factors. All students were divided into Q1-Q4 groups according to the quartile of their blood lead level. The relationship between the blood lead level and behavior was analyzed by multivariate logistic regression model and restricted spline regression model.@*Results@#The mean age of 697 students was (10.07±1.36) years old, and the median (interquartile range) of their blood lead level was 44.31 (35.42) μg/L. Multivariate logistic regression model showed that after adjusting for age, gender, body mass index and maternal culture level, compared with Q1 group, the OR (95%CI) values of high digit symbol substitution test (DSST) scores and high overall memory quotient (MQ) scores in Q3 group were 1.65 (1.01-2.70) and 2.10 (1.21-3.62), and the OR (95%CI) value of high long term memory (LTM) scores in Q4 group was 0.53 (0.31-0.92). The results of the restricted spline regression model showed that the dose-response curves between the blood lead level and MQ/LTM test scores were both parabolic (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The blood lead level of school-age children from rural areas of Chongqing is the same as that from other areas of China, but slightly higher than that from other areas of Chongqing. Children with higher blood lead level have poor long-term memory ability.

15.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 577-581, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797211

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the value of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology in the prognosis monitoring and treatment guidance for molecular minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with complete remission (CR).@*Methods@#The clinical data of 68 AML (non-acute promyelocytic leukemia) patients who received gene mutation spectrum by using NGS technology at initial diagnosis and in CR phase in Tangdu Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from January 2016 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The recurrence and survival of both molecular MRD positive group and negative group were analyzed and compared, and the value of NGS technology and multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) were also analyzed in MRD monitoring.@*Results@#There were 39 males (57.4%) and 29 females (42.6%) in 68 patients, and the median age was 52 years old (8-82 years old). Molecular MRD positive group included 38 patients, while negative group included 30 patients. Residual mutation gene type in CR phase was most frequently detected in epigenetic regulator gene mutations, such as ASXL1, TET2, DNMT3A and IDH1/IDH2. Statistical analysis showed that the 2-year cumulative recurrence rate (CIR) in the molecular MRD positive group was higher than that in the molecular MRD negative group (86.8% vs. 51.3%; χ2 = 9.249, P = 0.002); the 2-year relapse-free survival (RFS) rate in the molecular MRD positive group was lower than that in the molecular MRD negative group (13.2% vs. 48.7%; χ2 = 9.249, P = 0.002); the 2-year overall survival (OS) rate in the molecular MRD positive group was lower than that in the molecular MRD negative group (58.0% vs. 100%; χ2 = 4.122, P = 0.042). Up to follow-up date, 3 patients with molecular MRD positive and 1 patient with molecular MRD negative who received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) were still in disease-free survival. The results of monitoring MRD showed high consistency (76.7%, 33/43) in NGS and MFC. Compared with the other groups, the patients with both positive NGS and MFC had a higher relapse rate, and the difference was statistically significantly (P < 0.05).@*Conclusions@#Molecular MRD of AML patients is detected by using NGS technology, which could be used to predict the relapse and survival, suggesting that molecular MRD may guide post-remission treatment regimens and the determination of allo-HSCT indications.

16.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 577-581, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789040

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology in the prognosis monitoring and treatment guidance for molecular minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with complete remission (CR). Methods The clinical data of 68 AML (non-acute promyelocytic leukemia) patients who received gene mutation spectrum by using NGS technology at initial diagnosis and in CR phase in Tangdu Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from January 2016 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The recurrence and survival of both molecular MRD positive group and negative group were analyzed and compared, and the value of NGS technology and multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) were also analyzed in MRD monitoring. Results There were 39 males (57.4% ) and 29 females (42.6%) in 68 patients, and the median age was 52 years old (8-82 years old). Molecular MRD positive group included 38 patients, while negative group included 30 patients. Residual mutation gene type in CR phase was most frequently detected in epigenetic regulator gene mutations, such as ASXL1, TET2, DNMT3A and IDH1/IDH2. Statistical analysis showed that the 2-year cumulative recurrence rate (CIR) in the molecular MRD positive group was higher than that in the molecular MRD negative group (86.8% vs. 51.3%;χ 2= 9.249, P= 0.002); the 2-year relapse-free survival (RFS) rate in the molecular MRD positive group was lower than that in the molecular MRD negative group (13.2% vs. 48.7%; χ2= 9.249, P= 0.002); the 2-year overall survival (OS) rate in the molecular MRD positive group was lower than that in the molecular MRD negative group (58.0% vs. 100%; χ 2 = 4.122, P= 0.042). Up to follow-up date, 3 patients with molecular MRD positive and 1 patient with molecular MRD negative who received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) were still in disease-free survival. The results of monitoring MRD showed high consistency (76.7%, 33/43) in NGS and MFC. Compared with the other groups, the patients with both positive NGS and MFC had a higher relapse rate, and the difference was statistically significantly (P < 0.05). Conclusions Molecular MRD of AML patients is detected by using NGS technology, which could be used to predict the relapse and survival, suggesting that molecular MRD may guide post-remission treatment regimens and the determination of allo-HSCT indications.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756242

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect and analyze enteroviruses causing suspected aseptic meningitis in a kindergarten in Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province. Methods Viral RNA was extracted from samples and cDNA was prepared by reverse transcription. PCR was performed to amplify the partial sequences of the 5′-untranslated region ( UTR) and VP1 gene of enteroviruses. Serotypes of the viruses were determined by com-paring the homology between the partial sequences of VP1 gene. Phylogenetic tree of the partial VP1 se-quences was constructed using MEGA6. Results This study included seven patients and twenty-six asymp-tomatic students. Coxsakievirus A10 (CV-A10) was detected in 48. 5% of the students and echovirus 6 (Echo 6) in 21. 2%. Besides, 12. 1% of the students might be co-infected by the two viruses. Among the seven patients, six were infected by CV-A10 and the other one might have co-infection. According to the phylogenetic analysis, CV-A10 strains detected in this study were closely related to those isolated in China in recent years, including the strains isolated in Xiamen in 2015 and Yunnan in 2017, while the Echo 6 strains were phylogenetically related to those isolated in Yunnan, Guangzhou and Shandong in 2014. Conclusions CV-A10 and Echo 6 were detected in the cases with suspected aseptic meningitis and had close phylogenetic relationships to the strains appeared in China in recent years.

18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 302-309, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745785

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the inductive effect of interferon-γ(IFN-γ) combined with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) on programmed necrosis of the human immortalized keratinocyte cell line HaCaT,and to explore its mechanisms.Methods In vitro cultured HaCaT cells were divided into several groups:negative control group receiving no treatment,IFN-γ group treated with 50 μg/L IFN-γ,TRAIL group treated with 4 μg/L TRAIL,and cytokine combination group treated with 50 μg/L IFN-γ and 4 μg/L TRAIL or zVAD combination group pretreated with 40 μmo/L zVAD for 1 hour followed by the treatment with 50 μg/L IFN-γand 4 μg/L TRAIL.After 48-hour treatment,the morphology of HaCaT cells were observed under a light microscope,methyl-thiazolyl-tetrazolium assay was performed to evaluate the inhibitory effect of the treatment on the proliferation of HaCaT cells,and double staining flow cytometry to detect the necrosis of HaCaT cells.Meanwhile,real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR (qPCR) was conducted to determine the mRNA expression of receptor interaction protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL),Western blot analysis to determine the expression of RIP1,RIP3,MLKL proteins and their phosphorylated forms (pRIP1,pRIP3,pMLKL),immunofluorescent staining to observe the distribution of pRIP3 and pMLKL in HaCaT cells,and the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in HaCaT cells in the above groups was detected by the fluorescence probe DCFH-DA.Statistical analysis was carried out with SPSS 22 software by using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) for comparing indices among different groups,and least significant difference (LSD)-t test for multiple comparisons.Results After 48-hour treatment,HaCaT cells in the cytokine combination group and zVAD combination group showed necrosis-like morphologic features.Methyl-thiazolyl-tetrazoliumassay revealed significant differences in the survival rate of HaCaT cells among the IFN-γgroup,TRAIL group,cytokine combination group,zVAD combination group and negative control group (73.16% ± 5.71%,81.46% ± 4.68%,72.18% ± 2.93%,69.67% ± 3.24% and 100%,respectively;F =24.34,P < 0.001).The necrosis rate of HaCaT cells was notably higher in the cytokine combination group and zVAD combination group (9.86% ± 1.31%,10.33% ± 2.16%,respectively) than in the negative control group (5.26% ± 0.91%,t =4.61,5.07,respectively,both P < 0.05).qPCR revealed that the mRNA expression of RIP3 and MLKL significantly increased in the cytokine combination group and zVAD combination group compared with the negative control group (tRIP3 =0.99,1.84,tMLKL =1.51,2.17,respectively,all P < 0.05).Western blot analysis suggested that the protein expression of RIP1,RIP3,MLKL,pRIP1,pRIP3 and pMLKL significantly increased in the cytokine combination group compared with the negative control group (all P < 0.05),and the zVAD combination group showed significantly decreased caspase 8 expression and increased expression of the above proteins compared with the cytokine combination group.Fluorescence microscopy showed that enhanced green dot-like or clump-like fluorescent spots (representing pRIP3) could be observed in the cytoplasm,and red fluorescent spots (representing pMLKL) could be seen on the cell membrane in the cytokine combination group.The average fluorescence intensity of ROS was significantly higher in the cytokine combination group than in the negative control group (t =702.00,P < 0.05).Conclusion IFN-γcombined with TRAIL can induce the programmed necrosis of HaCaT cells with increased level of ROS.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758887

ABSTRACT

Canine MDR1 gene mutations produce translated P-glycoprotein, an active drug efflux transporter, resulting in dysfunction or over-expression. The 4-base deletion at exon 4 of MDR1 at nucleotide position 230 (nt230[del4]) in exon 4 makes P-glycoprotein lose function, leading to drug accumulation and toxicity. The G allele of the c.-6-180T>G variation in intron 1 of MDR1 (single nucleotide polymorphism [SNP] 180) causes P-glycoprotein over-expression, making epileptic dogs resistant to phenobarbital treatment. Both of these mutations are reported to be common in collies. This study develops a more efficient method to detect these two mutations simultaneously, and clarifies the genotype association with the side effects of chemotherapy. Genotype distribution in Taiwan was also investigated. An oligonucleotide microarray was successfully developed for the detection of both genotypes and was applied to clinical samples. No 4-base deletion mutant allele was detected in dogs in Taiwan. However, the G allele variation of SNP 180 was spread across all dog breeds, not only in collies. The chemotherapy adverse effect percentages of the SNP 180 T/T, T/G, and G/G genotypes were 16.7%, 6.3%, and 0%, respectively. This study describes an efficient way for MDR1 gene mutation detection, clarifying genotype distribution, and the association with chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Animals , Dogs , Drug Therapy , Exons , Genotype , Introns , Methods , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Phenobarbital , Taiwan
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1701-1705, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775662

ABSTRACT

Abstract  B cell maturation antigen (BCMA) is an ideal target for precise treatment due to its highly selective expression on malignant myeloma cells. This review summarizes briefly the advances in the latest research progress on biological activity of BCMA, its significance as a biomarker and immunotherapy direcited against BCMA, such as bispecific antibodies, antibody drug conjugates, chimeric antigen receptor T cell therapy against mature B cell antigens.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Differentiation, B-Lymphocyte , B-Cell Maturation Antigen , B-Lymphocytes , Humans , Immunotherapy , Multiple Myeloma , Therapeutics , T-Lymphocytes
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