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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921679

ABSTRACT

In this study, ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS)-based liver metabolomics approach was used to explore the mechanism of "Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus" in improving atherosclerosis(AS) of mice with apolipoprotein E gene knockout(ApoE~(-/-)). AS mouse model was induced by high-fat diet. The pathological and biochemical indexes such as the histopathological changes, body weight, liver weight, blood lipid level and inflammatory factors in the liver of mice were determined. The metabolic profiling of mice liver samples was performed with UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. Multiple statistical analysis methods including partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were employed to screen and identify biomarkers. The levels of related enzymes including LCAT, sPLA2, EPT1 and ACER1 were detected. The results showed that "Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus" significantly reduced the areas of aortic plaque and fat vacuoles of liver in AS mice and decreased the accumulation of lipid droplets and liver coefficient. "Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus" also regulated the levels of blood lipid and inflammatory injury in the liver. The metabolites of the control group, the model group and the "Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus" group could be distinguished significantly. Fifteen potential biomarkers related to AS were discovered and preliminarily identified, seven of which could be regulated by "Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus" in a trend of returning to normal. Metabolic pathway analysis screened out two major metabolic pathways. "Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus" obviously regulated the levels of LCAT, sPLA2, EPT1 and ACER1. It was inferred that "Trichosanthis Fructus-Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus" could play a major role in AS treatment by regulating glycerophospholipid and sphingolipid metabolism disorders in the liver, with the mechanism probably relating to the intervention of the expression of LCAT, sPLA2, EPT1 and ACER1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apolipoproteins E/genetics , Atherosclerosis/genetics , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Liver , Metabolomics , Mice
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883602

ABSTRACT

Combining with advances in optogenetics and feedback control of physiological function, we have utilized self-made PPDP (preview, presentation, demonstration, promotion) teaching method to clarify how various physiological functions are regulated by the nervous system and carried out physiological innovation experiment activities. The innovative experiments aim to cultivate students' self-study capability, broaden their vision, enhance their interest in physiology, and finally promote the effect of physiological theory teaching. We herein summarize our practice of closed-loop control of innovative experimental teaching in optogenetics from the following four facets: education concept, students and teacher resources, teaching design, and teaching experience. This summary is trying to explore new experiences of promoting students' participation in teaching activities and improving the teaching quality of physiology.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879520

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the mutation site in a pedigree affected with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and verify its impact on the protein function.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from the proband and his pedigree members for the extraction of genomic DNA. Mutational analysis was performed on the proband through whole-exome sequencing. Suspected variant was verified by Sanger sequencing. A series of molecular methods including PCR amplification, restriction enzyme digestion, ligation and transformation were also used to construct wild-type and mutant eukaryotic expression vectors of the PKD2 gene, which were transfected into HEK293T and HeLa cells for the observation of protein expression and cell localization.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to harbor a c.2051dupA (p. Tyr684Ter) frame shift mutation of the PKD2 gene, which caused repeat of the 2051st nucleotide of its cDNA sequence and a truncated protein. Immunofluorescence experiment showed that the localization of the mutant protein within the cell was altered compared with the wild-type, which may be due to deletion of the C-terminus of the PKD2 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.2051dupA (p. Tyr684Ter) mutation of the PKD2 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis of ADPKD in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
DNA Mutational Analysis , Female , Frameshift Mutation , HEK293 Cells , HeLa Cells , Humans , Male , Pedigree , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant/physiopathology , Protein Kinases/genetics , Protein Transport/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese patient with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from the patient and his parents for the extraction of genomic DNA. Genetic variant was identified by whole exome sequencing. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing of his parents and healthy controls.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to harbor a heterozygous c.420C>G (p.Asn140Lys) variant of the SOD1 gene. The same variant was not detected in his parents and 100 healthy controls. The variant has not been included in HGMD, dbSNP and other databases.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.420C>G variant of the SOD1 gene may underlie the ALS in this patient. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of SOD1 gene variants.


Subject(s)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/genetics , China , Heterozygote , Humans , Superoxide Dismutase-1/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 544-547, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868326

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of CT findings in predicting thetransformation of clinical types of COVID-19.Methods:From January 24 to February 6, 2020, the clinical and chest CT data of patients with common COVID-19 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 64 patients were enrolled, including 32 males and 32 females, aged 18-76 (45±15) years. Based on the fact whether patients’ conditions had deteriorated into severe type, all the cases were divided into common type group (51 cases) and deteriorated type group (13 cases). Differences of CT findings in the two groups of patients were analyzed, and visual semi-quantitative scores were introduced to evaluate the pneumonia.Results:Compared with the common type group, the deteriorated type group was more likely to involve the left upper lobe, the right middle lobe and the lung far away from the pleura. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant (χ2= 5.897, P=0.027; χ2=8.549, P=0.005; χ2=10.169, P=0.002). The median of the involved lobes were 2 (1,5) in the common type group and 5 (4,5) in the deteriorated type group. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (Z =-3.303, P=0.001). Taking the involved lobes ( n=4) as the threshold, the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnosis of the common type to the deteriorated type patients were the highest, 76.9% and 74.5% respectively, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.787. Pneumonia score of the deteriorated group was 10 (4,16), higher than that of the common group [4 (1,13)], and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-4.040, P<0.001). Pneumonia score 8 as the threshold, the sensitivity and specificity of the general severe group were the highest, 69.2% and 86.3% respectively, and the area under ROC curve was 0.863. Conclusions:CT imaging has a profound value in the early prediction of deterioration in clinical type of COVID-19. It can help evaluate the severity of pneumonia in early stage. Range of lesions might be an important indicator for prognosis of common type COVID-19.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 971-978, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821673

ABSTRACT

To identify major bioactive components and metabolites of Gandou decoction (GDD) in urine of normal and copper-laden rats, an integrative approach that ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE) coupled with xenometabolomics analytical platform was established. Mass spectral data information about retention time, accurate m/z and ionic strength of rat urine samples was performed under positive and negative ion modes. Unsupervised principal components analysis (PCA) and supervised orthogonal partial least-squared discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to reveal the differential ions. As a result, a total of 77 compounds including 45 prototypes and 32 metabolites in urine were detected. Results indicated that anthraquinones, alkaloids and tetracyclic triterpenoids and flavonoids were the main chemical components of GDD in rat urine; the main metabolic pathways of these compounds in rat urine mainly include hydroxyl, methylation, sulfating, glucuronidation, and so on. UPLC-QTOF-MSE coupled with xenometabolomics analytical platform is fast and efficient so that facilitates authentication of the material basis of Chinese herb compound in vivo, can also be used as an effective tool for ascertaining trace bioactive components in vivo. The animal experiments were approved by the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Anhui University of Chinese Medicine (No. 2019025).

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802092

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma on intestinal absorption of ginsenosides in Dingzhi Xiaowan,and reveal the mechanism of Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma acting as " adjuvant drug" in this formula. Method: The contents of ginsenoside Rg1,Re and Rb1 were measured by UPLC-MS/MS and the absorption of three ginsenosides in different intestine segments was investigated by rat single pass intestinal perfusion in situ,including absorption rate constant(Ka) and apparent permeability coefficient(Papp).Everted intestinal sac model was used to investigate the absorption dosage of three ginsenosides affected by volatile oil from Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma and verapamil[Ver,a P-glycoprotein(P-gp) inhibitor]. Result:Papp values of three ginsenosides were ≤ 0.191×10-3 cm·min-1 in Dingzhi Xiaowan when lack of Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma.Compared with lack of Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma in Dingzhi Xiaowan group,the Ka and Papp values of lack of volatile oil from Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma in Dingzhi Xiaowan group slightly increased without significant difference in the four intestinal segments,but when the prescription had Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma,the Ka increased by 3.97-8.35 fold and the Papp increased by 3.99-8.49 fold.The results of everted intestinal sac test showed that volatile oil of Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma could significantly promote the intestinal absorption of ginsenoside Rg1,Re and Rb1,but there was no dose-dependent. Conclusion:Volatile oil of Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma can promote the intestinal absorption of three ginsenosides in Dingzhi Xiaowan,and the mechanism may be related to the inhibiting function on P-gp.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905105

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Taiji Quan on the sleep quality of patients with chronic insomnia disorder (CID) and its mechanism. Methods:From January, 2015 to December, 2017, 31 patients with CID were enrolled in the sleep disorder clinic. Before and 24 weeks after Taiji Quan exercise, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to assess their sleep quality, the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, TNF-β, soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor (sTNF-R)1 and sTNF-R2 were detected with protein chip, and the correlation between the total score of PSQI and the serum levels of TNF-α, TNF-β, sTNF-R1 and sTNF-R2 were analyzed after exercise. Results:After Taiji Quan exercise, the scores of PSQI factors (subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbances, daytime dysfunction) and the total score of PSQI decreased (t > 4.080, P < 0.05). The serum levels of TNF-α and TNF-β decreased (t > 13.580, P < 0.01), however, the serum levels of sTNF-R1 and sTNF-R2 significantly increased (t > 160.189, P < 0.001). The serum levels of TNF-α and TNF-β were positively correlated with the total score of PSQI (r > 0.638, P < 0.001), while the serum levels of sTNF-R1 and sTNF-R2 were negatively correlated with the total score of PSQI (r > 0.532, P<0.001). Conclusion:Taiji Quan exercise could help to improve the sleep quality of patients with CID. The mechanism may be related to the decrease of the serum levels of TNF-α and TNF-β, and the increase of the serum levels of sTNF-R1 and sTNF-R2.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781426

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Increased carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) and carotid plaque as manifestations of carotid atherosclerosis have been used as markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) are linked to CVD, but the association between MetS and CVD is controversial.@*METHODS@#A total of 8,933 Chinese adults aged 40 years or older from 2010 to 2014 were selected from the Jidong and Kailuan communities. MetS was defined by the International Diabetes Federation criteria. CIMT and carotid plaque were measured using color Doppler ultrasound. Logistic regression models were used to assess the association of MetS with carotid plaque and CIMT.@*RESULTS@#MetS was found among 3,461 (3,461/8,933) participants. The odds ratio and 95% confidence internal (CI) for carotid plaques in participants with MetS was 1.16 (1.03-1.30). The risk of carotid plaques increased with the number of MetS components. The average CIMT was higher in participants with MetS (β = 0.020, 95% CI, 0.014-0.027) and in participants with more MetS components.@*CONCLUSION@#Individuals with MetS are at an increased risk for carotid atherosclerosis compared to those without MetS.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771902

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the instability of mitochondrial DNA(mt DNA) D-loop region genes in patients with Leukemia.@*METHODS@#The HV-1 and HV-2 regions of D-loop region in 24 patients with leukemia were amplificated and sequenced, then their results were compared with revised Cambridge reference sequence (rCRS) and Databank mtDB. The mutation rate was detected by SPSS 22.0 statistics software.@*RESULTS@#The total mutation rate in patients was 95.83% (23/24), the detection showed 82 mutated genes, out of which 47 (57.32%) mutated genes located in HV-1 region, 35 (42.68%) mutated genes in HV-2 region. The comparison showed that the mutation rate in untreated (UT) group and treated (T) group of AML patients was (2.37±0.82)×10 and (4.76±2.45)×10 respectively(P<0.01), the mutation rate in PR and CR groups of treated AML patients was (5.10±2.56)×10 and (4.51±2.51)×10 respectively (P<0.05), the comparison among M3 group showed that the mutation rates in UT, PR and CR groups were (2.55±0.63)×10, (5.37±3.41)×10 and (3.71±1.65)×10 respectively (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The more high mutation rate and many kinds of mutation types exist in D-loop region, suggesting that the genes in D-loop region display the more strong instability, the chemotherapy may aggravate the instability of genes in D-loop region.


Subject(s)
DNA, Mitochondrial , Humans , Leukemia , Mitochondria , Mutation , Mutation Rate
11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1019-1026, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704727

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for formulating drug price regulation policy and promoting reasonable drug price. METHODS:According to WHO and HAI drug price standard investigation,questionnaire survey(supplemented by field investigation)about sale price of 63 commonly used drugs with large consumption sum was conducted among 3 districts of different economic development levels in Hubei province. Median price ratio(MPR)was calculated statistically. Primary interview survey(supplemented by literature investigation)about drug distribution cost was conducted among managerial staff of pharmaceutical wholesale and retail enterprises,hospital pharmacy administrators. Suggestions were put forward to control distribution cost and standardizing drug price based on analysis and discussion. RESULTS:Totally 120 questionnaires were sent out,and 118 were effectively received,with effective recovery of 98.33%. Thirty managerial staff from drug wholesale and retail enterprises,hospital pharmacy department were interviewed for investigation of drug distribution cost. MPR of 63 drugs ranged 0.05-44.55 in different types of sample institutions. Among 67 specifications of 53 kinds of drugs,median retail price of 38 specifications(56.72%)was higher than international reference price in first-level sample medical institutions. Among 79 specifications of 63 kinds of drugs,median retail price of 57 specifications(72.15%)was higher than international reference price in second-level sample medical institutions. Among 80 specifications of 63 kinds of drugs,median retail price of 63 specifications(78.75%)was higher than international reference price in third-level sample medical institutions. Among 50 specifications of 37 kinds of drugs,median retail price of 42 specifications(84.00%)was higher than international reference price in sample pharmaceutical retail enterprises. In all sample institutions,maximum MPR of 13 specification were lower than 1;those of 12 specification ranged from 1 to <2;those of 23 specifications ranged from 2 to <5;15 specification ranged from 5 to <10;those of 17 specification were higher than 10. MPR of third-level medical institution samples were higher than those of second-level and first-level ones,and pharmaceutical retail enterprises(P<0.01). MPR of second-level medical institution samples and pharmaceutical retail enterprises were higher than those of first-level medical institutions(P<0.01). There was no statistical significance in the levels of MPR between second-level medical institutions and pharmaceutical retail enterprises(P>0.05). MPR of sample institutions in well-developed regions were higher than in medium-developed or less-developed regions(P<0.01). MPR of sample institutions in medium-developed regions were higher than in less-developed regions(P<0.01). MPR of original drugs were all higher than those of generic drugs in different types of sample institutions(P<0.01). There was no statistical significance in MPR of original drugs among different types of sample institutions(P>0.05). At the same time,MPR of generic drugs in third-level medical institution samples were higher than in second-level and first-level ones and pharmaceutical retail enterprises (P<0.05 or P<0.01). MPR of second-level medical institution samples and pharmaceutical retail enterprises were higher than in first-level ones(P<0.05). There was no statistical significance between second-level medical institution samples and pharmaceutical retail enterprises(P>0.05). Drug production and circulation cost,centralized bidding and purchasing price in Hubei province were higher than the national level. CONCLUSIONS:The drug price of Hubei province is in high level,especially that of three-level medical institutions is higher than other institutions;drug price of well-developed region is higher than those of medium-level and less-developed region;the price of original drugs are higher than those of generic drugs. The cost of pharmaceutical industry,drug circulation cost and the addition of drug price during application link eventually lead to the higher retailing price of drugs. Comprehensive policy measures need to be taken to control the cost of the whole process of drug distribution and to regulate the price of drugs.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771729

ABSTRACT

Epoxy ether type and isophthalene type saponin are the main saponins of Bupleurum chinense. However,due to the difference of their UV spectrum,there is no quantitative method for simultaneous determination of these two kinds of saponins. In this paper,a dual-wavelength high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) was developed for simultaneous determination of five saponins in epoxidized ether(saikosaponin a,c,d) and isosorbide type(saikosaponin b1,b2). The mobile phase was eluted with acetonitrile-water(0.1% phosphoric acid) gradient at a column temperature of 30 °C and a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min⁻¹. The detection wavelengths were 208 nm for saikosaponins a,c, and d, and 254 nm for saikosaponins b₁ and b₂. The results showed that the separation of five kinds of saikosaponin was good, with the linear range of 9.70-1 935.00(=0.999 4),8.20-1 380.00(=0.999 3),6.90-1 640.00(=0.999 0),5.25-630.00(=0.999 4), and 5.15-618.00 mg·L⁻¹(=0.999 5), respectively. The average recoveries were 97.70%-100.2% and the RSD was less than 3%(=6). The method is simple,rapid and reproducible. It can be used for the determination of five kinds of saikosaponins in B. chinense.


Subject(s)
Bupleurum , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Oleanolic Acid , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Saponins
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507323

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the dynamic changes and clinical significanes of TNF?α,IL?1,IL?10 and HMGB?1 in patients with tuberculosis. Methods Fifty?nine patients with active tuberculosis were enrolled in this study. The patients received the standard chemotherapy and the curative effect of the patient was evaluat ed according to the outcome classification in our country. The peripheral blood serum from the patients during the treatment and 12 healthy volunteers were collected. The concentrations of serum TNF?α,IL?1,IL?10 and HMGB?1 were detected by ELISA tests. Results Significant decreases of the concentrations of serum TNF?α,IL?1 and HMGB?1 were shown in patients from the initial treatment,to retreatment and extra?pulmonary tuberculosis (P0.05). At the end of the treatment , the levels of serum TNF?α,IL?1 and HMGB?1 of the uncompleted treatment group were significantly higher than the normal levels (P<0.01) ,but the level of IL?10 was significantly lower than the normal level (P<0.01). Conclusion The dynamic testing of the inflammatory cytokines contributes to evaluation and judgement of the curative effect and the condition of patients with the active tuberculosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669233

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical outcome and the effect of the combination of cinacalcet hydrochloride with low-dose calcitriol on bone metabolism in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD)patients with severe secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT).Methods:Thirty SHPT patients were enrolled to receive treatment of cinacalcet combined with low-dose calcitriol,with inclusion criteria as follows:maintenance on MHD>6 months;serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH)>600 pg/mL;parathyroid glands with more than 1 nodules by ultrasonography;traditional therapy with no effects.All patients were given cinacalcet 25-75 mg and 0.5 μg calcitriol daily.Serum Ca,P,iPTH,bone metabolic markers and bone density were measured before and after treatment.The clinical symptoms and their changes were recorded.Results:The baseline levels ofiPTH,Ca and P were (1787.3±1 321.0) pg/mL,(2.54±0.19) mmol/L,and (2.06±0.15) mmol/L,respectively.After 2 weeks of treatment,serum phosphorus decreased by 20%;after 1 and 3 months of treatment,iPTH decreased by 35% and 70%.Ca and P fell to (2.39±0.17) and (1.56±0.50) mmol/L (P<0.05),respectively.The symptoms of the patients relieved.The above indicators remained stable after 12 months.Moreover,after 6 months of treatment,the alkaline phosphatase,osteocalcin and β-cross levels were decreased by 50%,37% and 49%,respectively.The decline in patients' bone density was inhibited.No severe adverse events were observed.Conclusion:Cinacalcet hydrochloride combined with low dose calcitriol can improve high calcium,high phosphorus and high iPTH in MHD patients with severe SHPT,relieve symptoms,and improve bone metabolism.It can be used as a favorable choice for the treatment of SHPT.

15.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1685-1690, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667916

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effects of supercritical CO2 fluid extract(SFE)of Notoginseng a-gainst glutamate-induced PC12 cells damage and the underlying mechanism. Methods PC12 cells were dealt with glutamate to establish cell models. MTT as-say,LDH method,Hoschst 33342 staining,Fluo-3 /AM fluorescence staining and Western blot were used to observe the changes of cell viability,intracellular Ca2 + concentration and the expression of protein that interacted with C kinase l(PICK1)and glutamate re-ceptors 2 (GluR2),respectively. Results Glutamate was cytotoxic to PC12 cells with an inhibitory concen-tration 50(IC 50 )of 25 mmol·L - 1 . Pretreatment with SFE(25,50,100 mg·L-1)and FSC231(100 μmol ·L-1 )and SFE(100 mg·L-1 )+FSC231(100μmol ·L-1 )remarkablely improved cell viability,reduced LDH leakage,decreased apoptosis rate,debased intra-cellular calcium concentration,decreased the expres-sion of PICK1 ,and increased the expression of GluR2 . Conclusions SFE of Notoginseng shows protective effects against glutamate-induced PC12 cell damage, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of PICK1 and the increase of GluR2 protein expression.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258477

ABSTRACT

To study the intestinal absorptive characteristics of the ethanol extracts from Gandou decoction(GDD), everted intestinal sac models were used. The six representative ingredients (berberine hydrochloride, quercetin, kaempferide, rhein, chrysophanol, and aloe emodin) of GDD, were selected as the experimental targets to investigate the absorptive characteristics of various ingredients in different intestinal sections. The results showed that all six ingredients from GDD were detected in the intestinal sac, three active ingredients (berberine hydrochloride, quercetin, kaempferide) in high, medium and low doses had linear absorption properties in the small intestine segment, consistent with zero-order absorption rate; in addition, the absorption rate constant (Ka) of three components in jejunum and ileum were increased with the increase of the concentration of GDD (P<0.05), consistent with passive absorption. However, the Ka of rhein in jejunum and ileum showed little difference with the increase of dosage, suggesting a possibility of active transport mechanism. Chrysophanol and aloe-emodin were poorly absorbed in the two segments, which had not been detected in the previous time. The results suggested that the components of GDD were selectively absorbed in the intestinal sac, and the absorption characteristic of the ingredients were not exactly similar.

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1114-1119, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613661

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the relationship between the brain targeting effect and P-glycoprotein(P-gp)expression level of Danshensu borneol ester(DBE)and the combination use of sodium Danshensu and borneol(SDSS-B).Methods The liquid chromatography mass spectrometry(LC-MS)method was applied to investigate the accumulation of Danshensu(DSS)in rat brain tissues after intravenous injection of DBE,SDSS-B and SDSS.Also their effect on regulating the expression level of P-gp in rat hippocampus was investigated using Western blot.Results The brain targeting effect of DBE,SDSS-B was qualitatively analyzed through the brain distribution of DSS,and the result was DBE(SDSS-B)>SDSS(P0.05 at 5,15,45,60 min,vs control group).Conclusion An attenuated expression level of P-gp can be realized by DBE and SDSS-B,which is advantageous to their brain targeting.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 542-548,549, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601176

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the brain targeting of ginkgolide B prodrug (PGB ) and its mechanism. Methods The liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS /MS)method was applied to in-vestigate the pharmacokinetics of PGB in rat brain tis-sue after intravenous injection of PGB.Also the brain targeting was evaluated on the basis of the pharmacoki-netic parameter of PGB.The incomplete cerebral is-chemia model was induced in mouse,the effect of PGB on cerebral capillary permeability was observed by Ev-ans blue method.High performance liquid chromatog-raphy (HPLC)was used to determine the partition co-efficients (logP)of PGB in octanol-water system.PGB and P-glycoprotein (P-gp)was docked by using Mole-gro Virtual Docker (MVD)software to predict its bind-ing abilities with P-gp.The interaction of PGB with ATPase activity of human P-gp membrane was esti-mated by measuring inorganic phosphate liberation. Results The brain targeting of PGB was evaluated by treatment effective (TA ) and drug targeting index (DTI),the calculated value were 6.87 and 4.1 4 re-spectively.Preventive medication of PGB could signifi-cantly decrease cerebral capillary permeability (P <0.05).The lipo-hydropartition coefficient of PGB was higher than that of GB,their logP data were 1 .03 and 0.61 respectively.PGB displayed the stronger binding affinity with P-gp than GB according to the molecular docking calculations,their MolDock Score toward P-gp were -1 43.36 and -1 1 6.40KJ·mol -1 respectively. ATP-hydrolisis showed that PGB increased ATPase activity with a Km of approximately 237.75 μmol · L -1 ,however GB with a Km of approximately 841 .24μmol·L -1 .PGB might interact with P-gp with a high-er affinity and exhibit more effect than GB.Conclu-sion PGB is characterized by its brain targeting. Higher liposolubility of PGB results in good blood-brain permeability,which is advantageous to its brain targe-ting.Besides,PGB can effectively inhibit the efflux effect of P-gp to GB because of its increased P-gp AT-Pase activity.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1165-1167, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641862

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the clinical efficacy of traditional Chinese acupuncture combined with conventional rehabilitation therapy onoculomotor nerve palsy patients.METHODS: From May 2005 to September 2012, 110 cases ofoculomotor palsy were divided into treatment group and control group with 55 cases in each group according to different methods of treatment. The control group received rehabilitation therapy, the treatment group received acupuncture combined with rehabilitation therapy. Before and after 8wk treatment, the light reflex, diopter case, eye fissure width, and eye movement to improve the overall efficiency of the situation were observed between the two groups. RESULTS: After treatment of 8wk, light reflex, diopter case, eye fissure width, and eye movement therapy total effective rate of the treatment group were all better than the control group (PCONCLUSION: Acupuncture therapy combined with rehabilitation training method significantly reduces the oculomotor nerve palsy in patients with clinical symptoms and improves the patient's quality of life.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310948

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the impact of tonifying Qi traditional Chinese medicines contained in Yiqi Qingwen Jiedu mixture on mRNA expression of lung inflammatory cytokines and pulmonary pathological injury of mice infected by influenza virus, in order to discuss the mechanism of tonifying Qi traditional Chinese medicines against pulmonary immune inflammatory injury of infected mice.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>In different time phases after mice were infected with influenza virus FM1, the RT-PCR method was adopted to observe the impact of tonifying Qi traditional Chinese medicines contained in Yiqi Qingwen Jiedu mixture on five inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-1, IL-6, IL-10 and IFN-γ, and the changes in pulmonary pathological injury of mice with viral pneumonia after intervention with tonifying qi traditional Chinese medicines.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>(1) Tonifying Qi traditional Chinese medicines significantly reduced the mRNA expression of TNF-α at 1-5 d and IL-1 mRNA expression at 7 d, may increase IL-1 mRNA expression in mouse lung at 3 d, significantly reduced IL-6 mRNA expression in mouse lung and increased IL-10 mRNA expression at 3-7 d, and significantly increased IFN-γ mRNA expression at 1 d. (2) Tonifying Qi traditional Chinese medicines could significantly inhibited and repaired pulmonary immune inflammatory injury of mice infected by FM1, which was most remarkable at 3-7 d after the infection with influenza virus FM1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Tonifying Qi traditional Chinese medicines contained in Yiqi Qingwen Jiedu mixture could resist pulmonary immune inflammatory injury and repair inflammatory injury by regulating the mRNA expression of imbalance inflammatory cytokines of organisms infected with influenza virus.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Influenza A virus , Allergy and Immunology , Influenza, Human , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Interferon-gamma , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-1 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-10 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-6 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Lung , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
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