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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 82-89, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005237

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze three-dimensional imaging characteristics and advantages for severe portal vein stenosis after liver transplantation, and to evaluate clinical efficacy of portal vein stent implantation. Methods Clinical data of 10 patients who received portal vein stent implantation for severe portal vein stenosis after liver transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. Imaging characteristics of severe portal vein stenosis, and advantages of three-dimensional reconstruction imaging and interventional treatment efficacy for severe portal vein stenosis were analyzed. Results Among 10 patients, 3 cases were diagnosed with centripetal stenosis, tortuosity angulation-induced stenosis in 2 cases, compression-induced stenosis in 2 cases, long-segment stenosis and/or vascular occlusion in 3 cases. Three-dimensional reconstruction images possessed advantages in accurate identification of stenosis, identification of stenosis types and measurement of stenosis length. All patients were successfully implanted with portal vein stents. After stent implantation, the diameter of the minimum diameter of portal vein was increased [(6.2±0.9) mm vs. (2.6±1.7) mm, P<0.05], the flow velocity at anastomotic site was decreased [(57±19) cm/s vs. (128±27) cm/s, P<0.05], and the flow velocity at the portal vein adjacent to the liver was increased [(41±6) cm/s vs. (18±6) cm/s, P<0.05]. One patient suffered from intrahepatic hematoma caused by interventional puncture, which was mitigated after conservative observation and treatment. The remaining patients did not experience relevant complications. Conclusions Three-dimensional visualization technique may visually display the location, characteristics and severity of stenosis, which is beneficial for clinicians to make treatment decisions and assist interventional procedures. Timely implantation of portal vein stent may effectively reverse pathological process and improve portal vein blood flow.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 322-326, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006617

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of Setaria italica extract on improving insomnia model mice and to explore its potential mechanisms. METHODS The mice were randomly assigned into blank group, model group, positive control group (diazepam, 2.6 mg/kg), and S. italica extract low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups (1.2, 2.4, 4.8 g/kg), with 10 mice in each group. Except for the blank group, all other groups received intraperitoneal injection of para-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA) to establish the insomnia model. After modeling, the blank group and model group were given a constant volume of normal saline intragastrically, and administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically, with a volume of 0.01 mL/g, once a day, for 7 consecutive days. After the administration, the open-field test was conducted to observe the praxiological changes of mice, and to determine the levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HTAA) in the hippocampal tissue, as well as the contents of 5-HT, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-6, B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl- 2), and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) in the serum. The expression of phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B/nuclear factor- κB (PI3K/Akt/NF-κB) signaling pathway related protein was determined in the hippocampus of mice. RESULTS Compared with the model group, the total exercise time of mice in S. italica extract high-dose group was significantly prolonged, but the total rest time was significantly shortened (P<0.01); the number of standing times and modification times were significantly reduced (P< 0.01). The contents of 5-HT, BDNF, and Bcl-2 in serum, and Bcl-2/Bax were significantly increased, while the contents of IL-2, IL-6, and Bax were significantly reduced (P<0.05 or P< 0.01). The content of 5-HTAA in the hippocampal tissue and 202104010910029);the phosphorylation levels of PI3K and Akt proteins were increased significantly, while the phosphorylation level of NF-κB p65 protein was decreased significantly (P<0.05).CONCLUSIONS High-dose of S. italica extract demonstrates significant therapeutic effects on insomnia in mice, and the mechanism of which may be associated with the regulation of PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 257-262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic value of 18F-FDG PET-based radiomics features by machine learning in older patients(≥60 years) with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Methods:A total of 166 older patients (88 males, 78 females, age: 60-93 years) with DLBCL who underwent pre-therapy 18F-FDG PET/CT from March 2011 to November 2019 were enrolled in the retrospective study. There were 115 patients in training cohort and 51 patients in validation cohort. The lesions in PET images were manually drawn and the obtained radiomics features from patients in training cohort were selected by the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO), random forest (RF), and extreme gradient boosting (Xgboost), and then classified by support vector machine (SVM) to build radiomics signatures (RS) for predicting overall survival (OS). A multi-parameter model was constructed by using Cox proportional hazard model and assessed by concordance index (C-index). Results:A total of 1 421 PET radiomics features were extracted and 10 features were selected to build RS. The univariate Cox regression analysis showed that RS was a predictor of OS (hazard ratio ( HR)=5.685, 95% CI: 2.955-10.939; P<0.001). The multi-parameter model that incorporated RS, metabolic metrics, and clinical risk factors, exhibited significant prognostic superiority over the clinical model, PET-based model, and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network International Prognostic Index (NCCN-IPI) in terms of OS (training cohort: C-index: 0.752 vs 0.737 vs 0.739 vs 0.688; validation cohort: C-index: 0.845 vs 0.798 vs 0.844 vs 0.775). Conclusions:RS can be used as a survival predictor for older patients(≥60 years) with DLBCL. Furthermore, the multi-parameter model incorporating RS is able to successfully predict prognosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 884-890, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990710

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of laparoscopic radical resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma (LRHCCA).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was constructed. The clinicopathological data of 211 patients who under LRHCCA in the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University from May 2014 to June 2022 were collected. There were 135 males and 76 females, aged (63±8)years. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3) or M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rate and draw survival curve. Results:(1) Surgical situations. All 211 patients underwent LRHCCA successfully, with the operation time as 350 (300,390)minutes, volume of intraoperative blood loss as 400(200,800)mL, and intraoperative red blood cell transfusion as 2.0(range, 0-15.0)U, respectively. As partial portal vein invasion, 10 of 211 patients underwent portal vein resection and reconstruction. Results of intraoperative histopathology examination showed negative margin of portal vein. The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, intraopera-tive red blood cell transfusion of the 10 patients was (400±53)minutes, 1 200(range, 800-3 000)mL, 5.5(range, 4.0-15.0)U, respectively. (2) Postoperative situations. Of the 211 patients, there were 63 cases of the Bismuth type Ⅰ, 65 cases of the Bismuth type Ⅱ, 22 cases of the Bismuth type Ⅲa, 26 cases of the Bismuth type Ⅲb, 35 cases of the Bismuth type Ⅳ. The R 0 resection rate was 95.73%(202/211). There were 202 patients identified as adenocarcinoma of the bile duct, including 7 cases with poorly differentiated tumor, 189 cases with moderate to poorly differentiated tumor, 3 cases with moderate to well differentiated tumor, 3 cases with well differentiated tumor. There were 8 patients with poorly differentiated biliary mucinous adenocarcinoma, 1 patient with intraductal papillary neoplasm with high-grade epithelial dysplasia. There were 24 cases of stage Ⅰ, 98 cases of stage Ⅱ, 30 cases of stage ⅢA, 34 cases of stage ⅢB, 19 cases of stage ⅢC, 6 cases of stage ⅣA. Of the 211 patients, there were 25 cases with postoperative biliary fistula, 11 cases with postoperative abdominal infection, 3 cases with postoperative bleeding as anastomotic bleeding after biliary fistula, 2 cases with postoperative gastric emptying disability, 1 case with postoperative acute liver failure. There were 7 patients undergoing postoperative unplanned reoperation, including 3 cases with emergency operation for hemostasis, 4 cases with abdominal exploration debridement and drainage for severe abdominal infection. There were 3 cases dead during perioperative period, including 1 case of acute liver failure, 1 case of systemic infection and multiple organ failure, 1 case of exfoliated deep venous thrombosis of lower extremities and acute pulmonary embolism. The postoperative duration of hospital stay was (15±5)days of the 211 patients and (17±4)days of patients undergoing portal vein resection and reconstruction. The cost of hospital stay of the 211 patients was (11.7±1.7)ten thousand yuan. (3) Follow-up. Of the 211 patients, 188 patients were followed up for 21(range, 4?36)months. The median survival time of 188 patients was 22 months, and the postoperative 1-, 2- and 3-year survival rate was 90.9%, 43.1% and 18.7%, respectively. Conclusion:LRHCCA is safe and feasible, with satisfactory short-term effect, under the coditions of clinicians with rich experience in laparoscopic surgery and patients with strict surgical evaluation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 512-518, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990668

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term outcomes of totally robotic surgical system and robotic surgical system assisted radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 290 patients who under-went robotic surgical system radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from January 2018 to November 2021 were collected. There were 208 males and 82 females, aged 58 (range, 24?84)years. Of the 290 patients, 125 patients undergoing totally robotic surgical system radical gastrectomy combined with reconstruction of digestive tract were divided into the totally robot group, and 165 patients undergoing robotic surgical system radical gastrectomy combined with a small midline incision-assisted reconstruction of digestive tract were divided into the robotic-assisted group. Observation indicators: (1) surgical and postoperative situations; (2) postoperative complications. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the non-parameter rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Results:(1) Surgical and postoperative situations. The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, length of incision, duration of postoperative analgesic using, time to postoperative gastric tube removal, time to postoperative initial water intake, time to postoperative first anal flatus, duration of post-operative hospital stay were (246±43)minutes, (104±51)mL, 4(range, 3?6)cm, (2.2±0.5)days, 36(range, 10?112)hours, 62(range, 32?205)hours, 63(range, 18?138)hours, 8(range, 6?50)days in patients of the totally robot group, versus (296±59)minutes, (143±87)mL, 6(range, 3?13)cm, (3.6±0.7)days, 42(range, 12?262)hours, 90(range, 18?262)hours, 80(range, 16?295)hours, 9(range, 6?63)days in patients of the robotic-assisted group, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( t=8.04, 4.42, Z=?13.98, t=18.46, Z=?5.47, ?5.87, ?6.14, ?4.04, P<0.05). (2) Post-operative complications. Cases with systemic related complications and cases with pulmonary infection were 7 and 4 in patients of the totally robot group, versus 31 and 16 in patients of the robotic-assisted group, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( χ2=10.86, 4.68, P<0.05). Further analysis showed that there were significant differences in age ≥60 years, body mass index ≥25 kg/m 2, tumor diameter ≥3 cm, TNM staging as stage Ⅲ of cases with postoperative complications between the totally robot group and the robotic-assisted group ( odds ratio=0.44, 0.17, 0.40, 0.31, 95 confidence interval as 0.20?1.00, 0.03?0.88, 0.18?0.89, 0.11?0.84, P<0.05). Conclusion:Totally robotic surgical system radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer is safe and feasible with advantages of minimal trauma and quick recovery, especially for patients as age ≥60 years, body mass index ≥25 kg/cm 2, tumor diameter ≥3 cm and TNM stage Ⅲ in complication controlling.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 463-468, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964816

ABSTRACT

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have ushered in a new era of tumor treatment; however, immunotherapy-related adverse events are critical issues that restrict the clinical application of ICIs and have attracted wide attention. The liver is one of the target organs that is easily affected. With the progress in research, scholars have found that besides hepatocytes, intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts can also be attacked by the immune system, leading to the disease known as immune-related cholangitis. This article reviews the research advances in ICI-related cholangitis by summarizing related articles, in order to preliminarily reveal its clinical, pathological, and imaging features and provide clues for early identification, standard treatment, and subsequent research.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 974-985, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980853

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Progressive lipid loss of adipose tissue is a major feature of cancer-associated cachexia. In addition to systemic immune/inflammatory effects in response to tumor progression, tumor-secreted cachectic ligands also play essential roles in tumor-induced lipid loss. However, the mechanisms of tumor-adipose tissue interaction in lipid homeostasis are not fully understood.@*METHODS@#The yki -gut tumors were induced in fruit flies. Lipid metabolic assays were performed to investigate the lipolysis level of different types of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) treated cells. Immunoblotting was used to display phenotypes of tumor cells and adipocytes. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis was carried out to examine the gene expression levels such as Acc1 , Acly , and Fasn et al .@*RESULTS@#In this study, it was revealed that tumor-derived IGFBP-3 was an important ligand directly causing lipid loss in matured adipocytes. IGFBP-3, which is highly expressed in cachectic tumor cells, antagonized insulin/IGF-like signaling (IIS) and impaired the balance between lipolysis and lipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Conditioned medium from cachectic tumor cells, such as Capan-1 and C26 cells, contained excessive IGFBP-3 that potently induced lipolysis in adipocytes. Notably, neutralization of IGFBP-3 by neutralizing antibody in the conditioned medium of cachectic tumor cells significantly alleviated the lipolytic effect and restored lipid storage in adipocytes. Furthermore, cachectic tumor cells were resistant to IGFBP-3 inhibition of IIS, ensuring their escape from IGFBP-3-associated growth suppression. Finally, cachectic tumor-derived ImpL2, the IGFBP-3 homolog, also impaired lipid homeostasis of host cells in an established cancer-cachexia model in Drosophila . Most importantly, IGFBP-3 was highly expressed in cancer tissues in pancreatic and colorectal cancer patients, especially higher in the sera of cachectic cancer patients than non-cachexia cancer patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study demonstrates that tumor-derived IGFBP-3 plays a critical role in cachexia-associated lipid loss and could be a biomarker for diagnosis of cachexia in cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3/metabolism , Culture Media, Conditioned/pharmacology , Cachexia/pathology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Somatomedins/metabolism , Insulins/metabolism , Lipids
8.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 411-415, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978479

ABSTRACT

Objective To isolate the secondary metabolites of endophytic fungus Aspergillus sp. J218 from Anectochilus roxburhii. Methods Different chromatographic methods, including Sephadex LH-20 and silica gel chromatography as well as HPLC, were used to isolate compounds from the EtOAc fraction of the solid fermentation of J218, and their structures were identified by spectral methods. Results Ten compounds were isolated from the fermentation of J218 and their structures were individually identified as kotanin(1), flavasperone(2), aurasperone B(3), fonsecinone B(4), fonsecinone D(5), ensidol A(6), fonsecinone A(7), fonsecinone C(8), aurasperone A(9), and fonsecinone F(10). Conclusion Most compounds isolated from endophytic fungus Aspergillus sp. J218 in Anectochilus roxburhii were identified as dimeric naphthopyrones. These results suggest that this strain contains rich dimerization synthase, which could provide clues for the further exploration of the rational biosynthesis pathway of dimeric naphthopyrones in this strain.

9.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 708-713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987122

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the diagnosis and treatment experience of portal vein aneurysm after liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of two recipients with portal vein aneurysm after liver transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis were summarized based on literature review. Results Both two cases were diagnosed with intrahepatic portal vein aneurysm complicated with portal vein thrombosis and portal hypertension after liver transplantation. Case 1 was given with targeted conservative treatment and he refused to undergo liver retransplantation. Physical condition was worsened after discharge, and the patient eventually died from liver graft failure, kidney failure, lung infection, and septic shock. Case 2 received high-dose glucocorticoid pulse therapy, whereas liver function was not improved, and the patient was recovered successfully after secondary liver transplantation. Conclusions Long-term complication of portal vein aneurysm (especially intrahepatic type) after liver transplantation probably indicates poor prognosis. Correct understanding, intimate follow-up and active treatment should be conducted. Liver retransplantation may be a potential treatment regimen.

10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 567-574, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985810

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of colon complications in patients with necrotizing pancreatitis(NP). Methods: The clinical data of 403 patients with NP admitted to the Department of General Surgery,Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2014 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 273 males and 130 females,aged (49.4±15.4) years(range: 18 to 90 years). Among them,there were 199 cases of biliary pancreatitis,110 cases of hyperlipidemic pancreatitis,and 94 cases of pancreatitis caused by other causes. A multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment model was used to diagnose and treat patients. Depending on whether the patients had colon complications,they were divided into colon complications group and noncolon complications group. Patients with colon complications were treated with anti-infection therapy,parental nutritional support,keeping the drainage tube unobstructed,and terminal ileostomy. The clinical results of the two groups were compared and analyzed using a 1∶1 propensity score match(PSM) method. The t test,χ2 test, or rank-sum test was used to analyze data between groups,respectively. Results: The incidence of colon complications was 13.2%(53/403),including 15 cases of colon obstruction,23 cases of colon fistula,and 21 cases of colon hemorrhage. After PSM,the baseline and clinical characteristics at admission of the two groups of patients were comparable (all P>0.05). In terms of clinical outcome,compared to patients with NP without colon complications,the number of patients with colon complications who received minimally invasive intervention(88.7%(47/53) vs. 69.8%(37/53),χ2=5.736,P=0.030),the number of minimally invasive interventions (M(IQR))(2(2) vs. 1(1), Z=4.638,P=0.034),the number of patients with multiple organ failure(45.3%(24/53) vs. 32.1%(17/53),χ2=4.826,P=0.041),and the number of extrapancreatic infections(79.2%(42/53) vs. 60.4%(32/53),χ2=4.476,P=0.034) increased significantly. The time required for enteral nutrition support(8(30)days vs. 2(10) days, Z=-3.048, P=0.002), parental nutritional support(32(37)days vs. 17(19)days, Z=-2.592, P=0.009),the length of stay in the ICU(24(51)days vs. 18(31)days, Z=-2.268, P=0.002),and the total length of stay (43(52)days vs. 30(40)days, Z=-2.589, P=0.013) were also significantly prolonged. However,mortality rates in the two groups were similar(37.7%(20/53) vs. 34.0%(18/53),χ2=0.164,P=0.840). Conclusions: Colonic complications in NP patients are not rare,which can lead to prolonged hospitalization and increased surgical intervention. Active surgical intervention can help improve the prognosis of these patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/surgery , Prognosis , Colon , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 426-431, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991175

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the technical key points and clinical effects of laparoscopic surgery using the subgastric approach for infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN).Methods:From October 2020 to October 2021, The clinical data of 6 patients with IPN after severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) undergoing laparoscopic surgery using the subgastric approach at First Hospital and Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University was retrospectively analyzed. Parameters in this report included the operation time, estimated blood loss, and the patient's vital signs, inflammatory marker CRP, and WBC before operation and postoperative 24 h, 3 d, and 1 w, and postoperative complications including pancreatic leakage, organ failure, bleeding, and abdominal infection and incision infection. Follow-up after surgery was completed in outpatient checkups and long-term complications were recorded.Results:There were 4 male and 2 female patients. The median age of the 6 patients was 50 (43.5, 56.5) years. Laparoscopic debridement surgery using the subgastric approach was successfully completed in all the patients and no reoperation was needed. The median operation time was 65 (52.5, 85) min; the median estimated blood loss was 20 (25, 37.5) ml. Median APACHEⅡ score one day before surgery was 11.5 (10.25, 12.75) and the median MCTSI score at initial admission was 8 (7, 8). The inflammatory parameters including CRP, WBC, and neutrophil count on postoperative day 3 and 1w were significantly lower than those before surgery, and all the differences were statistically significant (all P value <0.05). One patient had a postoperative pancreatic fistula and was alleviated after ERCP with pancreatic stent implantation. Another patient had a incision infection after surgery and recovered after complete surgical drainage of the abdominal wall incision. No patients had complications such as heart, lung, and kidney failure, abdominal hemorrhage and infection. During the follow-up, 5 of 6 patients had no newly-occurred diabetes, except one patient who had diabetes before the operation. None of the 6 patients had recurrent IPN. Conclusions:Laparoscopic surgery using the subgastric approach for infected IPN in lesser omental sac is safe and feasible.

12.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 437-450, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939818

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is a condition of severe organ failure caused by the maladaptive response of the host to an infection. It is a severe complication affecting critically ill patients, which can progress to severe sepsis, septic shock, and ultimately death. As a vital part of the human innate immune system, neutrophils are essential in resisting pathogen invasion, infection, and immune surveillance. Neutrophil-produced reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a pivotal role in organ dysfunction related to sepsis. In recent years, ROS have received a lot of attention as a major cause of sepsis, which can progress to severe sepsis and septic shock. This paper reviews the existing knowledge on the production mechanism of neutrophil ROS in human organ function impairment because of sepsis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Critical Illness , Neutrophils , Reactive Oxygen Species , Sepsis/complications , Shock, Septic
13.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 129-134, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of different chemotherapy drugs combined with DNA methylase inhibitor 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-dC) on the apoptosis of lung adenocarcinoma cells.Methods:In the prospective randomized controlled study, lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells were treated with cisplatin plus paclitaxel (TP) or gemcitabine (GP) with or without 5-Aza-dC. According to different drug intervention methods, they were divided into control group, cisplatin combined with paclitaxel (TP) group, cisplatin combined with gemcitabine (GP) group, and 5-Aza-dC combined with TP group, 5-Aza-dC combined with GP group. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the proliferation of A549 cells. Transwell migration and invasion assay were used to detect the effect that each group of drugs on the migration and invasion ability of A549 cells. Quantitative Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction was used to evaluate the effect of each treatment on the expression of apoptotic genes. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare the degree of cell proliferation in different drug treatment groups, and LSD- t method was used for pairwise comparison within groups. Results:The inhibition rates of lung adenocarcinoma cells in the TP regimen at different time points at 24, 48, and 72 h were as follows (20.00±4.23) %, (35.00±2.80) %, and (56.00±3.11) %. The inhibition rate of 5-Aza-dC combined with TP regimen on lung adenocarcinoma cells was significantly increased, at different time points of 24, 48 and 72 h, respectively (38.00±3.80) %, (50.00±3.25) %, (93.00±4.33) %. The inhibition rates of cells at different time points at 24, 48, and 72 h in the GP regimen were (33.00±5.10) %, (54.00±3.80) %, and (74.00±2.82) %, respectively; while 5-Aza-dC combined with GP regimen could significantly reduce the rate of cell growth, the inhibition rates of cells at 24, 48, and 72 h different time points were as follows (54.00±3.00) %, (67.00±5.30) %, and (95.00±1.13) %. The inhibitory effect of the same drug on lung adenocarcinoma cells increased with time (TP group: F=35.93, P<0.001; 5-Aza-dC combined with TP group: F=97.33, P<0.001; GP group: F =41.73, P<0.001; 5-Aza-dC combined with GP group: F=79.00, P<0.001), and at different time points, the differences were statistically different (all P<0.05). 5-Aza-dC combined with TP and GP chemotherapy regimens can inhibit the migration and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cell A549, and the inhibitory effect is stronger than that of TP or GP regimens alone. The expression of Caspase 8 was significantly elevated ( t=5.87, P=0.004) in cells treated with 5-Aza-dC combined with GP when compared with GP regimen alone. The expression of Caspase 8 ( t=3.94, P=0.017), Caspase 6 ( t=5.81, P=0.004) and BBC3 (BCL-2 binding component 3) ( t=6.53, P=0.003) were increased when drugged with 5-Aza-dC combined TP regimen compared with TP regimen alone. Conclusion:5-Aza-dC might serve as a chemotherapeutic sensitizer to increase the sensitivity of lung adenocarcinoma cells.

14.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 289-293, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930011

ABSTRACT

There are high burden of disease including a high incidence, relatively high proportion of late stage when diagnosed and poor overall prognosis in China regarding to the diagnosis and treatment of gastric cancer. Surgery remains as the major treatment for gastric cancer. Based on the latest guidelines, endoscopic surgery or gastrectomy is performed for early gastric cancer, and the standard surgery for locally advanced gastric cancer is D2 lymphadenectomy. Besides, this article will discuss about other research hotspots, such as expansion of lymph node dissection in selected patients, construction methods of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction, especially Siewert type Ⅱ, minimally invasive techniques (laparoscopic gastrectomy and robotic gastrectomy), the surgical treatment for elderly patients with gastric cancer will be discussed also.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1271-1287, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929375

ABSTRACT

As one of the hallmarks of cancer, metabolic reprogramming leads to cancer progression, and targeting glycolytic enzymes could be useful strategies for cancer therapy. By screening a small molecule library consisting of 1320 FDA-approved drugs, we found that penfluridol, an antipsychotic drug used to treat schizophrenia, could inhibit glycolysis and induce apoptosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Gene profiling and Ingenuity Pathway Analysis suggested the important role of AMPK in action mechanism of penfluridol. By using drug affinity responsive target stability (DARTS) technology and proteomics, we identified phosphofructokinase, liver type (PFKL), a key enzyme in glycolysis, as a direct target of penfluridol. Penfluridol could not exhibit its anticancer property in PFKL-deficient cancer cells, illustrating that PFKL is essential for the bioactivity of penfluridol. High PFKL expression is correlated with advanced stages and poor survival of ESCC patients, and silencing of PFKL significantly suppressed tumor growth. Mechanistically, direct binding of penfluridol and PFKL inhibits glucose consumption, lactate and ATP production, leads to nuclear translocation of FOXO3a and subsequent transcriptional activation of BIM in an AMPK-dependent manner. Taken together, PFKL is a potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target in ESCC, and penfluridol may be a new therapeutic option for management of this lethal disease.

16.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 549-555, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958224

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the plasma levels of soluble immune checkpoint molecules in patients with primary liver cancer and their prognostic significance.Methods:The levels of sCD28, sCD80, sCD137, sCD27, sGITR, sTIM3, sCTLA4, sHVEM, IDO, sLAG3, sBTLA, sPD1, sPDL1 and sPDL2 in plasma samples of 58 patients with primary liver cancer and 30 healthy controls were detected by liquid chip technology and compared between different groups. The relationship between the plasma levels of soluble immune checkpoint molecules and tumor recurrence was analyzed.Results:The levels of sCD28 and sCD80 were higher in patients in Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage 0/A and B than in healthy controls and patients in BCLC-C stage ( P<0.05). However, the levels of sCD27 and sHVEM in BCLC-C patients were significantly lower than those in BCLC-0/A and BCLC-B patients, and even lower than healthy control group. The levels of sCD137, IDO and sPD1 in BCLC-0/A and BCLC-B patients were higher than those in healthy controls. The levels of sPDL1 and sPDL2 in different BCLC stages were all higher than those in healthy controls, and maintained at high level in the three stages, but there was no significant difference between different stages. After 24 months of interventional treatment, the preoperative sCD28 level was lower in patients with recurrent tumor recurrence than in patients without recurrence ( t=2.843, P=0.007). The optimal cut-off value of sCD28 based on the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for predicting tumor recurrence was 101.42 pg/ml and the area under the ROC curve was 0.771 (95%CI: 0.611-0.931) with a sensitivity of 0.889 and a specificity of 0.666. The cumulative recurrence rate in patients with high sCD28 level (≥101.41 pg/ml) was 57.9% at 24 months after surgery, which was lower than the rate (95.5%) in patients with low sCD28 level (<101.41 pg/ml). The difference in the cumulative recurrence rate between the two groups was statistically significant (χ 2=15.777, P=0.000). Conclusions:The expression patterns of soluble immune checkpoint molecules varied in patients at different stages of primary liver cancer, suggesting that there were differences in their immune status and sCD28 could be used as a prognostic marker for postoperative recurrence of liver cancer.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 609-612, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957012

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the retrocolonic approach for laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenec-tomy (LPD).Methods:The clinical data of 53 patients who underwent LPD using the retrocolonic approach at the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2019 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 36 males and 17 females, aged (61.9±8.8) years old. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding and postoperative complications were analysed.Results:LPD was successfully performed in 53 patients via the retrocolonic approach. The operation time was (285.7±49.8) min, and the resection time for specimens was (120.0±10.5) min. The median intraoperative blood loss was 200 ml and blood loss ranged from 50 to 800 ml. Among the 53 patients, 3 patients underwent combined portal vein resection and reconstruction (end-to-end anastomosis). The operation time was 300, 325 and 385 min, respectively, and the intraoperative blood loss was 400-800 ml. During the operation, 5 patients (9.43%) had transection of the middle colonic artery and underwent resection of part of the transverse mesocolon due to invasion of the transverse mesocolon by tumours. Postoperative complications occurred in 5 patients (9.43%), including 4 patients with pancreatic fistula and 1 patient with hemorrhage and with delayed gastric emptying. The postoperative passage of first flatus was (5.40±1.14) days in 5 patients with transection and (2.92±1.03) days in 48 patients without transection of the middle colonic artery. All patients were discharged home successfully. The postoperative pathological results showed all patients to achieve R 0 resection. Conclusion:Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy via the retrocolonic approach was safe and feasible for patients with a large duodenal tumor, pancreatic head uncinate process tumor with or without invasion of the portal vein and mesenteric vessels.

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Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 439-443, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956980

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of providing nasogastric (NG), nasojejunal (NJ), and parenteral nutrition (PN) support to pancreatitis patients who were intolerant to oral feeding.Methods:One hundred pancreatitis patients who were intolerant to oral feeding treated at the Xuanwu Hospital of the Capital Medical University from October 2018 to September 2020 were retrospectively studied. They were divided into three groups based on the nutritional support given to them: the NG group, NJ group, and PN group. The acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHEⅡ), nutritional risk screening 2002 (NRS2002), hemoglobin, albumin, pre-albumin and other clinical data were recorded and compared among the three groups.Results:After nutrition support treatments, the hemoglobin, albumin and pre-albumin levels were significantly better than before giving nutrition support, and the APACHE Ⅱ scores were significantly improved in all the groups. The NRS2002 scores were significantly better in the NJ group ( Z=2.28, P=0.023) and the NG group ( Z=1.99, P=0.046). With compared to the PN group, the albumin and pre-albumin levels were significantly higher in the NG and NJ groups, and the NRS2002 score after giving nutrition support treatment was significantly lower ( P<0.05). Compared with the PN group, the APACHE Ⅱ score ( t=2.18) and the hemoglobin levels ( t=2.04) were significantly better in the NJ group ( P<0.05). The overall incidence of complications in the NJ group was 41.2% (14/34), which was significantly lower than the NG group [78.8%(26/33), χ 2=5.41, P=0.020] and the PN group [66.7% (22/33), χ 2=4.35, P=0.037]. Conclusion:Enteral nutrition support through NG and NJ are better than PN in acute pancreatitis patients who were intolerant to oral feeding.

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Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1165-1169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953916

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the effectiveness and safety of clinical use of different types of stem cells to provide evidence for governmental supervision of key issues in clinical utilization of stem cells. MethodsSix literature databases in China and abroad were searched for relevant literature published from January 2010 to July 2020, and a systematic review was conducted. ResultsThe study showed 72 studies concerning the effectiveness and safety of different types of stem cells in clinical utilization. Although clinical utilization of stem cells had some therapeutic effects for certain diseases, their long-term effect and safety need to be further evaluated, especially their potential risk of tumorigenicity. ConclusionTo protect the patients’ interest, physicians should fully weigh the benefits against the risks of clinical utilization of stem cells, and relevant governmental departments should strengthen supervision of ethics of clinical research and therapies involving stem cells as well as supervision of stem cell products.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 938-946, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910676

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the scheme of accurate pelvic osteotomy parameters and to analyze the feasibility and efficacy of 3D printing navigation plate in developmental dysplasia of the hip surgery.Methods:From January 2015 to December 2017, a total of 18 children with DDH underwent computer-assisted Salter pelvic osteotomy (computer-assisted osteotomy group) and 25 children with DDH who underwent conventional Salter pelvic osteotomy (conventional osteotomy group) were selected for retrospective analysis. There were 11 males and 32 females with an average age of 3.2±2.5 (range 1-11) years. According to International Hip Dysplasia Institute (IHDI) classification, there were 20 cases of type 1, 9 of type 2, 12 of type 3 and 2 of type 4. All patients were unilateral dislocation, including 18 cases on the left and 25 on the right. All children underwent pelvic CT examination before operation. Further, the proximal femur was surgically corrected during the operation. According to the acetabular rotation angle (ATA) and bony acetabular index (BAI), the computer-assisted osteotomy group simulated the operation with Mimics software made 3D printing navigation plate through which an accurate osteotomy scheme was developed. The two groups were compared in operative duration, intraoperative blood loss, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) hip joint score. Acetabular index (AI), central edge (CE) angle, and acetabulum head index (AHI) were compared between the two groups by using postoperative X-ray. The acetabular tilt angle (ATA) changes before and after operation in the computer-assisted osteotomy group were compared through 3D CT.Results:The follow-up duration was 2.3±0.2 (2.0 to 2.5) years in the computer-assisted osteotomy group and 2.8±0.15 (2.5 to 3.0) years in the conventional osteotomy group. The operative duration in the computer-assisted osteotomy group was 127±20.6 min, which was significantly longer ( t=4.657, P<0.001) than that in the conventional osteotomy group (103±13.2 min). Intraoperative bleeding was 157±17.5 ml in the computer-assisted osteotomy group and 151±15.3 ml in the conventional osteotomy group without significant difference between the two groups ( t=1.195, P=0.239). At 2 years after surgery, the JOA score of the hip joint in the computer-assisted osteotomy group (86.7±8.5 points) was like that (84.8±10.0 points) in the conventional osteotomy group ( t=0.628, P=0.533). At the last follow-up, the CE angle in the computer-assisted osteotomy group (36.8°±5.2°) was significantly larger than that (31.8°±4.4°) in the conventional osteotomy group ( t=3.414, P<0.001). There was statistically significant difference in term of AHI between the computer-assisted osteotomy group (85.8%±6.6%) and the conventional osteotomy group (80.4%±8.3%, t=2.284, P=0.028). AI was 23.5°±5.5° in the computer-assisted osteotomy group and 25.2°±4.2° in the conventional osteotomy group without significant difference ( t=-1.150, P=0.257). The ATA of the affected side was 12.3°±1.4° in the computer-assisted osteotomy group which was similar ( t=0.614, P=0.547) to that of the healthy side (11.8°±2.8°). Conclusion:Based on specific anatomical parameters, computer-assisted preoperative planning can not only directly simulate the process of osteotomy, but also produce individualized 3D printed guide plates. Compared with conventional Salter pelvic osteotomy, computer-assisted osteotomy can achieve accurate radiographic correction of the hip joint in children with DDH, resulting in a better matching relationship between the femoral head and acetabulum.

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