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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909553

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the incidence and influencing factors for clinical deterioration at an early stage in patients with mild posterior circulation infarction (PCI).Methods:Totally 291 patients with mild PCI from January 1, 2016 to January 1, 2020 were retrospectively included. Clinical deterioration within 24 h (CD 24h) and clinical deterioration between 2 d and 14 d (CD 14d) were the endpoint events. IBM SPSS Statistics 19.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Pearson chi-square test or Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare the group differences of corresponding variables. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of the primary endpoint events. Results:The incidences of CD 24h and CD 14d were 21.6% (63/291) and 30.6% (89/291) respectively, with the reperfusion therapy rate of 13.4% (39/291). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis with CD 24h as the endpoint event showed that the baseline NIHSS was a positive independent factor increasing the risk of CD 24h ( OR=1.184, 95% CI=1.078-1.300, P<0.01). Cerebellar infarction (compared with brainstem infarction) ( OR=0.250, 95% CI=0.082-0.757, P=0.014)and non-macroatherosclerosis (compared with major atherosclerosis) ( OR=0.026, 95% CI=0.002-0.325, P=0.005) had negative predictive effects on CD 24h. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis with CD 14d as the endpoint event showed that pulmonary infection complications after stroke ( OR=28.085, 95% CI=6.863-114.927, P<0.01) and baseline NIHSS ( OR=1.114, 95% CI=1.001-1.240, P=0.048) were independent factors of CD 14d. Reperfusion therapy ( OR=0.089, 95% CI=0.013-0.613, P=0.014) could reduce the risk of CD 14d.Top of basilar syndrome(compared with single brainstem infarction) ( OR=7.526, 95% CI=1.565-36.188, P=0.012) increased the risk of CD 14d, while the non-macroatherosclerotic (compared with the macroatherosclerotic subtype) ( OR=0.076, 95% CI=0.009-0.683, P=0.021) negatively predicted the risk of CD 14d. Baseline NIHSS ( OR=0.834, 95% CI=0.758-0.918, P<0.01), CD 14d ( OR=0.048, 95% CI=0.018-0.130, P<0.01) and pulmonary infection complications ( OR=0.045, 95% CI=0.012-0.167, P<0.01) were negatively predicted the good clinical prognosis (modified Rankin score 14 days after onset ≤2). Conclusion:Early clinical deterioration has a negative predictive effect on clinical prognosis improvement of patients with mild PCI. Large artery atherosclerotic stenosis subtype and basilar apex syndrome are the risk factors of CD 24h and CD 14d of patients with mild PCI, and pulmonary infection is the risk factor of CD 14d. Reperfusion therapy in acute phase is helpful to reduce the risk of early clinical deterioration and improve clinical prognosis in patients with mild PCI.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908987

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of 3D printing periodontal bone defect model of anterior teeth combined with case-based learning (CBL) teaching mode in the standardized residency training of loose teeth fixation.Methods:Sixty general practitioner of stomatology students were equally divided into two groups, with one group receiving CBL teaching (CBL group) and the other group receiving 3D printing model combined CBL teaching (3D+CBL group). After the teaching, the teacher evaluated the overall practice effects, tested the residents' theory and practice scores, and designed a questionnaire to evaluate the teaching effect. SPSS 16.0 software was used for statistical analysis, and t test was used for comparison between the two groups. Results:The theoretical score (89.0±3.2) and the practical score (90.0±2.5) in the 3D+CBL group were significantly higher than the theoretical score (83.3±3.6) and the practical score (84.2±3.5) in the CBL group ( P<0.05). The questionnaire showed that the students of the 3D+CBL group performed significantly better than those in CBL group in the following eight aspects, including mastery of basic periodontal knowledge, professional knowledge of loose teeth fixation, ability to diagnose cases and formulate treatment plans, clinical operation ability, interesting teaching content, willingness to communicate with teachers, awareness of actively receiving patients, and satisfaction of standardized residency training ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The 3D printing periodontal bone defect model of anterior teeth combined with the CBL teaching mode has achieved good results in the teaching of loose teeth fixation, and it provides a reference for the application of 3D printing in clinical teaching for periodontology.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 938-946, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910676

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the scheme of accurate pelvic osteotomy parameters and to analyze the feasibility and efficacy of 3D printing navigation plate in developmental dysplasia of the hip surgery.Methods:From January 2015 to December 2017, a total of 18 children with DDH underwent computer-assisted Salter pelvic osteotomy (computer-assisted osteotomy group) and 25 children with DDH who underwent conventional Salter pelvic osteotomy (conventional osteotomy group) were selected for retrospective analysis. There were 11 males and 32 females with an average age of 3.2±2.5 (range 1-11) years. According to International Hip Dysplasia Institute (IHDI) classification, there were 20 cases of type 1, 9 of type 2, 12 of type 3 and 2 of type 4. All patients were unilateral dislocation, including 18 cases on the left and 25 on the right. All children underwent pelvic CT examination before operation. Further, the proximal femur was surgically corrected during the operation. According to the acetabular rotation angle (ATA) and bony acetabular index (BAI), the computer-assisted osteotomy group simulated the operation with Mimics software made 3D printing navigation plate through which an accurate osteotomy scheme was developed. The two groups were compared in operative duration, intraoperative blood loss, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) hip joint score. Acetabular index (AI), central edge (CE) angle, and acetabulum head index (AHI) were compared between the two groups by using postoperative X-ray. The acetabular tilt angle (ATA) changes before and after operation in the computer-assisted osteotomy group were compared through 3D CT.Results:The follow-up duration was 2.3±0.2 (2.0 to 2.5) years in the computer-assisted osteotomy group and 2.8±0.15 (2.5 to 3.0) years in the conventional osteotomy group. The operative duration in the computer-assisted osteotomy group was 127±20.6 min, which was significantly longer ( t=4.657, P<0.001) than that in the conventional osteotomy group (103±13.2 min). Intraoperative bleeding was 157±17.5 ml in the computer-assisted osteotomy group and 151±15.3 ml in the conventional osteotomy group without significant difference between the two groups ( t=1.195, P=0.239). At 2 years after surgery, the JOA score of the hip joint in the computer-assisted osteotomy group (86.7±8.5 points) was like that (84.8±10.0 points) in the conventional osteotomy group ( t=0.628, P=0.533). At the last follow-up, the CE angle in the computer-assisted osteotomy group (36.8°±5.2°) was significantly larger than that (31.8°±4.4°) in the conventional osteotomy group ( t=3.414, P<0.001). There was statistically significant difference in term of AHI between the computer-assisted osteotomy group (85.8%±6.6%) and the conventional osteotomy group (80.4%±8.3%, t=2.284, P=0.028). AI was 23.5°±5.5° in the computer-assisted osteotomy group and 25.2°±4.2° in the conventional osteotomy group without significant difference ( t=-1.150, P=0.257). The ATA of the affected side was 12.3°±1.4° in the computer-assisted osteotomy group which was similar ( t=0.614, P=0.547) to that of the healthy side (11.8°±2.8°). Conclusion:Based on specific anatomical parameters, computer-assisted preoperative planning can not only directly simulate the process of osteotomy, but also produce individualized 3D printed guide plates. Compared with conventional Salter pelvic osteotomy, computer-assisted osteotomy can achieve accurate radiographic correction of the hip joint in children with DDH, resulting in a better matching relationship between the femoral head and acetabulum.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910565

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of clinical application of " variable diameter measurable pancreatic duct" in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted at the Second Hospital, Hebei Medical University Liver Surgical Team from July 2019 to July 2020 using the " HongShi single stitch" method of pancreatic duct to jejunum anastomosis on 147 patients who underwent LPD. According to the type of pancreatic duct, the patients were divided into having normal pancreatic ducts (the normal group, n=61) and those having " variable diameter measuring pancreatic duct" (the variable diameter group, n=86). The perioperative data and postoperative complications were compared and analyzed. Results:There were 89 males and 58 females, aged (56.7±1.5) years. There were no significant differences in age, gender and body mass index between groups ( P>0.05). For the variable diameter group, the diameter of the divided pancreatic stump was (3.2±0.1) mm, and the depth of internal pancreatic duct stenting was (4.7±0.2) cm. However, it could not be measured accurately in the normal group. The incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula rate was significantly lower in the variable diameter group than the normal group [2.32% (2/61) vs. 11.47% (7/86), P=0.023]. Conclusion:The variable diameter measurement of pancreatic duct was safe and effective in choosing patients to undergo LPD.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887747

ABSTRACT

Malocclusion is one of the three most common oral diseases reported by World Health Organization(WHO). In China, its incidence rate is rising. Malocclusion seriously affects the dental and maxillofacial function, facial appearance and growth development of nearly 260 million children in China, and what is more, it affects their physical and mental health development. Malocclusion occurrence is related to genetic and environmental factors. Early treatment of malocclusion can create a good dental and maxillofacial development environment, correct abnormal growth and control the adverse effects of abnormal genetic factors. It can effectively reduce the prevalence of children's malocclusion and enhance their physical and mental health. This is an urgent need from the economic perspective of our society, so it has great practical and social significance. Experts from the project group "standard diagnose and treatment protocols for early orthodontic intervention of malocclusions of children" which initiated by China National Health Institute of Hospital Administration wrote the "China Experts' Consensus on Preventive and Interceptive Orthodontic Treatments of Malocclusions of Children", which aims to guide and popularize the clinical practice, improve the clinical theory and practice level, and accelerate the disciplinary development of early treatment of children's malocclusion in China. The consensus elaborates the harmfulness of malocclusion and the necessity of early treatment, and brings up the principles and fundamental contents. Based on the law of dental and maxillofacial development, this paper puts forward the guiding suggestions of preventive and interceptive treatments in different stages of dental development ranging from fetus to early permanent dentition. It is a systematic project to promote and standardize the early treatment of malocclusion. Through scientific and comprehensive stratified clinical practice and professional training, the clinical system of early treatment of malocclusion in China will eventually be perfected, so as to comprehensively care for children's dental and maxillofacial health, and improve their oral and physical health in China.


Subject(s)
Child , China/epidemiology , Consensus , Dental Care , Humans , Malocclusion/prevention & control , Orthodontics, Interceptive
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the treatment efficiency using transnasal ileus catheter in elderly patients with mechanical small intestinal obstruction.Method:Ninety geriatric patients with mechanical small intestinal obstruction admitted to Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University from Jan 2018 to Dec 2019 were divided into intestinal obstruction catheter group with transnasal ileus catheter insertion ( n=40) and nasogastric tube group ( n=50). Results:The transnasal ileus catheter retained for (91.0±33.5) h significantly shorter than that in nasogastric tube group ((149.3±82.3) h, t=3.323, P=0.002). Compared to nasogastric tube group, the exhaust time, defecation time, feeding time, time to gas-liquid level disappearance and time to contrast agent appearance in the colon in intestinal obstruction catheter group were significantly shorter [(55.9±40.9) h vs. (127.6±59.1) h, t=5.149; (69.8±42.3) h vs. (134.9±48.4) h, t=5.371; (104.3±35.1) h vs. (178.3±79.8) h, t=4.297; (106.2±36.6) h vs. (175.8±79.1) h, t=4.050 and (101.4±37.3) h vs.(172.4±72.9) h, t=4.407, all P<0.05]. In addition, the length of hospital stay was shorter and in hospital expenses were lower [(8.1±3.8) d vs. (11.6±6.7) d, t=2.248; (8 236±5 451)¥ vs. (15 320±9 582)¥, t=3.293, all P<0.05]. Conclusion:The use of transnasal ileus catheter was safe and effective to relieve the symptoms of mechanical small intestinal obstruction, hence improving the success rate of conservative treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885108

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of continuous light exposure on skeletal muscle fiber type transformation and lipid metabolism, and to explore its internal relationship.Methods:Mice were randomly divided into normal light group and 24-hour continuous light group by random number table. The serum and skeletal muscle lipid content and urine 6-sulfatoxymelatonin(6-SML)level were detected by ELISA. The expression of circadian clock and lipid metabolism related genes mRNA were observed by realtime PCR. The muscle fiber type and lipid deposition were evaluated by tissue immunofluorescence as well as oil red O staining.Results:Compared with the normal light group, the level of 6-SML in urine at night decreased( P<0.05), and the expression level and rhythm of brain and muscle ARNT-like protein 1(Bmal1), circadian locomotor output cycles protein kaput(Clock), and period 2(Per2)mRNA in the skeletal muscle changed in continuous light group. In addition, the body weight, blood lipid, free fatty acid, and triglyceride contents of skeletal muscle in continuous light group increased significantly( P<0.05 or P<0.01), the expression of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1b (Cpt1b)mRNA, the key enzyme of fatty acid oxidation, decreased significantly( P<0.05), while the expression of stearoyl-CoA desaturase(Scd1)mRNA, a lipid synthesis related gene, increased significantly( P<0.01). Further immunofluorescence analysis showed that the proportion of slow muscle fibers decreased and that of fast muscle fibers increased in continuous light group(both P<0.05). Conclusion:The process of ectopic deposition of lipid in skeletal muscle in mice induced by continuous light exposure may be related to the remodeling of skeletal muscle fibers.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884670

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical application of laparoscopic combined with multi-video debridement in treatment of complicated infectious pancreatic necrosis (CIPN).Methods:The clinical data of 34 patients with CIPN who were treated at the Department of General Surgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from August 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively studied. Based on the different video methods used, these patients were divided into 3 groups: the laparoscopic combined with intraoperative ultrasound group, the laparoscopic combined with choledochoscopy group and the laparoscopic group. The number of operations, operation time, blood loss, postoperative complication rates, mortality rates and total length of hospital stay were compared.Results:There were 13 patients in the laparoscopic combined with intraoperative ultrasound group, with age of (56.4±13.4) years. There were 7 patients in the laparoscopic combined with choledochoscopy group, with age of (48.0±8.4) years. There were 14 patients in the laparoscopic group with age of (51.4±15.6) years. The number of operations of the laparoscopic combined with intraoperative ultrasound group, the laparoscopic combined with choledochoscopy group and the laparoscopic group were (2.2±1.1), (1.6±0.8), (2.9±1.4), respectively. The number of operations of the laparoscopic combined with choledochoscopy group were significantly less than that of the laparoscopic group ( P<0.05), but there were no significant differences among the other groups ( P>0.05). The operation time of the laparoscopic combined with intraoperative ultrasound group, the laparoscopic combined with choledochoscopy group and the laparoscopic group were (70.5±22.9) min, (65.7±19.9) min, (51.5±15.4) min, respectively. The operation time of the laparoscopic combined with intraoperative ultrasound group was significantly longer than that of the laparoscopic group ( P<0.05), but there were no significant differences among the other groups ( P>0.05). There were no differences in blood loss, postoperative complication rate, mortality rates and total lengths of hospital stay among the three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Laparoscopic combined with multi-video debridement after making full use of the advantages of each of the video methods, can be used to improve treatment outcomes of patients with CIPN.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883258

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of laparoscopic duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection (LDPPHR).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 25 patients undergoing LDPPHR in the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University from November 2016 to November 2020 were collected. There were 7 males and 18 females, aged from 14 to 66 years, with a median age of 29 years. All the 25 patients underwent LDPPHR. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative histopathological examination; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect the recovery of patients up to March 2021. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range) and count data were descripted as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Surgical situations: all the 25 patients underwent LDPPHR successfully, including 23 cases undergoing total pancreatic head resection and 2 cases undergoing subtotal pancreatic head resection. The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss of 25 patients were 310 minutes (range, 207 to 540 minutes) and 200 mL (range, 50 to 800 mL), respectively. Of the 25 patients, 1 case was infused with 4 U of red blood cells and 400 mL of plasma, 1 case was infused with 500 mL of plasma, 1 case was infused with 600 mL of plasma and the remaining 22 cases were not infused with red blood cells or plasma. Of the 25 patients, 3 cases with pancreatic fistula of class B were discharged after drainage, 4 cases had biliary fistula including 2 cases undergoing symptoms disappeared after implantation of common bile duct stent by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, 1 case recovering well with drainage, 1 case with postoperative perihepatic effusion undergoing symptoms disappeared after the treatment of drainage and common bile duct stent implantation, and the remaining 18 cases had no complications. The duration of postoperative hospital stay was 17 days (range, 9 to 27 days) of the 25 patients. (2) Postoperative histopathological examination: the tumor volume of the 25 patients was 6.0 cm×5.0 cm×2.0 cm (range, 1.0 cm×2.0 cm×1.5 cm to 10.0 cm×9.0 cm×8.0 cm). Results of the postoperative histopathological examination showed that there were 12 cases with pancreatic solid pseudopaillary neoplasm, 4 cases with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm, 3 cases with serous cystadenoma, 2 cases with mucinous cystadenoma, 1 case with neuroendocrine neoplasm, 1 case with pancreatic true cyst, 1 case with cholesterol crystals combined with calcification in the center of pancreatic nodules and 1 case with cavernous hemangioma of pancreas. (3) Follow-up: all the 25 patients were followed up for 4 months to 48 months, with a median follow-up time of 27 months. During the follow-up, 1 case of the 25 patients with postoperative diabetes controlled blood glucose in the normal range after regular injection of insulin, 1 case with fatty diarrhea had symptoms improved after oral supplement of pancreatic enzyme preparation, 1 case with preoperative intermittent dizziness, weakness of both lower limbs and hypoglycemia had the level of blood glucose returned to normal without any special treatment after operation, and the remaining 23 cases had no metabolic complications. None of the 25 patients had tumor malignant transformation, recurrence or death. No long-term complications such as delayed gastric emptying, bile duct stones or stricture occurred to the 25 patients.Conclusion:LDPPHR is safe and feasible for the treatment of benign or low-grade malignant tumors of the pancreatic head, with the advantage of preserving the integrity of digestive tract.

10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 119-124, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787666

ABSTRACT

To examine the characteristics of the digital subtraction angiography of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) in elderly Chinese patients over 65 years old. Totally 64 cases who underwent angiography of IMA were selected from the Department of General Surgery, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, including 42 males and 22 females, aging (70.9±5.1) years (range: 60 to 88 years). The origin, diameter and trunk length of IMA were analyzed. The distribution of IMA branching and the relationship between LCA and IMV at the level of IMA opening position were revealed. Also, the range of IMA perfusion, Riolan arch and IMA occlusion were observed. All 64 patients underwent IMA angiography successfully. The diameter of IMA was (3.2±0.5) mm (range: 2.6 to 4.4 mm), and the trunk length was (3.8±1.0) cm (range: 1.1 to 7.0 mm). According to IMA classification standard, there were 26 patients with type Ⅰ (40.6%), 24 patients with type Ⅱ (37.5%), 12 patients with type Ⅲ (18.8%), 2 patients with type Ⅳ(3.1%). The horizontal distance between IMV and LCA was less than 0.5 cm in 58 cases (90.6%) and more than 0.5 cm in 6 cases (9.4%). IMA perfusion was interrupted at the splenic flexure in elderly patients in 14 cases (21.9%), including 11 cases terminated at splenic flexure and 3 cases terminated at descending colon. Riolan arch was found in only 4 of 64 patients (6.2%). Two patients (3.1%) had IMA or its branch occlusion, the arterial perfusion were compensated by Drummond arch without Riolan arch. The anatomy of IMA should be taken attention seriously in laparoscopic left-colorectal cancer radical resection. IMA shape, type, blood supply range and the relationship between LCA and IMV could be considered by the angiography or other examination, which can help to determine the ligation position of blood vessels, which could optimize the operation strategy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1098-1108, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869065

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of the new anterior cervical spine memory compression fixation device (GYZ memory alloy plate) and traditional titanium plate on the range of motion (ROM) and stress of the adjacent segment after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion.Methods:An adult male volunteer was recruited for a fee. After excluding cervical malformations, fractures, infections and other diseases, C 3-C 7 thin-layer CT scans were performed. Import the scanned data into the finite element modeling software to establish the finite element model of the physiological group and verify itseffectiveness. After C 5,6 discectomy, the intervertebral fusion device was inserted, and the anterior fixation was assisted by a conventional titanium plate or a new type of fixator. Thus, the finite element model of the traditional titanium plate group and the new fixer group was established. The three models were imported into the finite element analysis software ANSYS 16.0, and a vertical downward axial load of 73.6 N was loaded to simulate the head weight and the torque of 1.0 N·m to simulate the cervical spine flexion, extension, left lateral bending, right lateral bending, left rotation and right rotation.Compare the changes of intervertebral disc ROM and stress in adjacent segments of physiological group, traditional titanium plate group and new type fixator group. Results:The intervertebral disc ROM under six conditions was basically similar to the results of previous studies, and the model was effective. In the adjacent segment C 4,5, the three groups of activities in the flexion, extension, left lateral bending, right lateral bending, left rotation and right rotation conditions were: physiological group 3.9°, 4.2°, 3.7°, 3.7°, 2.2° and 2.2°, traditional titanium plate group 4.6°, 4.7°, 4.3°, 4.4°, 3.3° and 3.1°, and new fixture group 4.4°, 4.3°, 4.0°, 4.2°, 2.8° and 2.7°. The maximum stresses of the intervertebral discs under three different working conditions were: physiological group 1.81, 1.60, 3.99, 2.06, 3.63 and 3.41 MPa, traditional titanium plate group 1.86, 1.67, 4.21, 2.16, 3.82 and 3.63 MPa, and new fixture group 1.84, 1.64, 4.17, 2.14, 3.78 and 3.58 MPa. In the adjacent segment C 6,7, the activities of the three groups in six working conditions were: physiological group 3.1°, 3.2°, 2.5°, 2.5°, 1.2° and 1.3°, traditional titanium plate group 4.2°, 3.7°, 3.4°, 3.0°, 2.1° and 2.2°, and new fixture group 3.5°, 3.3°, 2.5°, 2.7°, 1.8° and 1.9°.The maximum stress of the intervertebral disc under three different working conditions was: physiological group 0.45, 0.66, 1.12, 0.85, 0.84 and 0.82 MPa, traditional titanium plate group 0.62, 0.93, 1.55, 1.24, 1.44 and 1.27 MPa, and new fixture group 0.61, 0.92, 1.54, 1.22, 1.07 and 1.24 MPa. The ROM and disc pressure of adjacent segments in the conventional titanium plate group were higher than those of the new fixator group. Conclusion:Compared with the traditional titanium plate, the new type of anterior cervical memory compression fixator has less effect on the ROM and stress of adjacent segments, which may slow down the process of adjacent segments degeneration to a certain extent.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 496-502, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867745

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of locking proximal femur plates (LPFP) revision and artificial hip joint revision after failure of proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) internal fixation in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture.Methods:A retrospective case control study was conducted on the clinical data of 43 patients with PFNA internal fixation failure in the elderly admitted to Henan Provincial People's Hospital between March 2014 and October 2018. There were 23 males and 20 females, aged 65-83 years [(71.2±2.0)years]. The course of disease was 60-267 days [(83.1±3.6)days]. According to Evans classification, there were 11 patients with type II fractures, 13 with type III and 19 with type IV. There were 23 patients in artificial hip joint revision group and 20 patients in LPFP revision group. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospitalization time, total hospitalization time, Harris score and complications were recorded and evaluated in two groups.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-28 months, with an average of 13.6 months. Between artificial joint revision group and LPFP revision group, the operation time and intraoperative blood loss were similar ( P>0.05), but there were significant difference in postoperative hospitalization time [(7.1±3.2)days vs. (13.2±2.9)days] and total hospitalization time [(10.2±2.8)days vs. (16.4±3.4)days] ( P<0.05). In artificial joint revision group, the Harris hip score was (21.1±3.7)points preoperatively, and was respective (70.7±4.8)points, (74.6±4.1)points, (78.6±3.3)points, (82.9±5.2)points, (83.8±5.8)points and (84.9±6.4)points at postoperative 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 12 months. In LPFP revision group, the Harris score was (21.7±3.2)points preoperatively, and was respective (59.9±2.1)points, (64.79±3.4)points, (70.1±4.2)points, (73.9±4.2)points, (76.2±6.3)points and (77.9±6.8)points at postoperative 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 12 months. The Harris score in artificial joint revision group was gradually improved compared with LPFP revision group ( P<0.05). One patient with superficial wound infection occurred in each group, and the wound healed after frequent dressing changes. Distal femoral fractures occurred in one patient of artificial joint revision group and distal femoral fractures in three patients of LPFP revision group, but all patients were healed after being fixed with wire. Conclusion:For elderly patients with PFNA internal fixation failure of intertrochanteric fracture, artificial hip revision has shorter hospital stay and better hip joint function recovery than LPFP internal fixation, although the effect in operation time and intraoperative blood loss are similar.

13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 119-124, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799376

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the characteristics of the digital subtraction angiography of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) in elderly Chinese patients over 65 years old.@*Methods@#Totally 64 cases who underwent angiography of IMA were selected from the Department of General Surgery, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, including 42 males and 22 females, aging (70.9±5.1) years (range: 60 to 88 years). The origin, diameter and trunk length of IMA were analyzed. The distribution of IMA branching and the relationship between LCA and IMV at the level of IMA opening position were revealed. Also, the range of IMA perfusion, Riolan arch and IMA occlusion were observed.@*Results@#All 64 patients underwent IMA angiography successfully. The diameter of IMA was (3.2±0.5) mm (range: 2.6 to 4.4 mm), and the trunk length was (3.8±1.0) cm (range: 1.1 to 7.0 mm). According to IMA classification standard, there were 26 patients with type Ⅰ (40.6%), 24 patients with type Ⅱ (37.5%), 12 patients with type Ⅲ (18.8%), 2 patients with type Ⅳ(3.1%). The horizontal distance between IMV and LCA was less than 0.5 cm in 58 cases (90.6%) and more than 0.5 cm in 6 cases (9.4%). IMA perfusion was interrupted at the splenic flexure in elderly patients in 14 cases (21.9%), including 11 cases terminated at splenic flexure and 3 cases terminated at descending colon. Riolan arch was found in only 4 of 64 patients (6.2%). Two patients (3.1%) had IMA or its branch occlusion, the arterial perfusion were compensated by Drummond arch without Riolan arch.@*Conclusions@#The anatomy of IMA should be taken attention seriously in laparoscopic left-colorectal cancer radical resection. IMA shape, type, blood supply range and the relationship between LCA and IMV could be considered by the angiography or other examination, which can help to determine the ligation position of blood vessels, which could optimize the operation strategy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865190

ABSTRACT

Minimally invasive surgery experienced a rapid development in the past thirty years, of which the laparoscopy has been widely used in gastrointestinal surgery. Lymph node dissection is one of the difficulties of laparoscopic radical resection of gastric cancer. The lymph node dissection along the left gastroepiploic vessels is a difficult part, which usually causes bleeding and splenic injury. This article mainly introduce the indications, contraindications, surgical preparations, the difficulties and techniques during the lymph nodes dissection when the operator stood on the left side of the patients, and perioperative complications of lymph nodes dissection along the left gastroepiploic vessels.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865093

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term outcomes of Da Vinci robotic versus laparoscopic and open surgery for locally advanced Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG).Methods:The propensity score matching and retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 404 patients with locally advanced Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ AEG who underwent radical gastrectomy in the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University from January 2009 to April 2019 were collected. There were 331 males and 73 females, aged from 34 to 90 years, with a median age of 62 years. Of the 404 patients, 104 undergoing Da Vinci robotic radical gastrectomy were allocated into robotic group, 205 undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy were allocated into laparoscopic group, and 95 undergoing open radical gastrectomy were allocated into open group. Observation indicators: (1) the propensity score matching conditions and comparison of general data among the three groups after propensity score matching; (2) surgical situations; (3) intraoperative lymph node dissection; (4) postoperative situations; (5) postoperative complications; (6) follow-up. Patients were followed up at postoperative 1 month by outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect survival and severe complications up to June 2019. The propensity score matching was used to perform 1∶2∶1 nearest neighbor matching by SPSS 23.0 and R software 3.6.1 Matchit among the robotic group, laparoscopic group and open group. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison among groups was done using one-way ANOVA analysis. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range), and comparison was done using the Kruskal-Wallis H test. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were represented as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison among groups was done using the chi-square test. Results:(1) The propensity score matching conditions and comparison of general data among the three groups after propensity score matching: 312 of 404 patients had successful matching, including 78 in the robotic group, 156 in the laparoscopic group, and 78 in the open group. The age, cases in G1, G2, G3 (histopathological classification) and cases with proximal gastrectomy or total gastrectomy (surgical resection range) before matching were (62.2±1.0)years, 0, 37, 67, 13, 91 in the robotic group, (60.9±8.1)years, 0, 98, 107, 31, 174 in the laparoscopic group, and (58.5±9.8)years, 1, 32, 62, 27, 68 in the open group, showing significant differences among the three groups ( F=4.269, 6.356, χ2=10.416, P<0.05). The above indicators after matching were (61.2±10.8)years, 0, 28, 50, 12, 66 in the robotic group, (60.7±8.0)years, 0, 56, 100, 25, 131 in the laparoscopic group, and (60.7±8.4)years, 0, 25, 53, 18, 60 in the open group, showing no significant difference among the three groups ( F=0.074, 0.379, χ2=2.141, P>0.05). (2) Surgical situations: the surgical time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, length of surgical incision, length of proximal margin after matching were 300.0 minutes(range, 188.0-420.0 minutes), 137.5 mL(range, 50.0-400.0 mL), 6.0 cm(range, 3.0-12.0 cm), 2.5 cm(range, 1.5-5.5 cm) in the robotic group, 276.0 minutes(range, 180.0-400.0 minutes), 150.0 mL(range, 40.0-800.0 mL), 6.0 cm(range, 3.0-12.0 cm), 3.0 cm(range, 1.0-5.0 cm) in the laparoscopic group, and 244.5 minutes(range, 125.0-461.0 minutes), 200.0 mL(range, 55.0-800.0 mL), 20.0 cm(range, 18.0-25.0 cm), 2.0 cm(range, 1.0-5.5 cm) in the open group, showing significant differences among the three groups ( χ2=27.619, 30.069, 179.367, 11.560, P<0.05). (3) Intraoperative lymph node dissection: the number of lymph node dissected, the number of lymph node dissected in the first station, the number of diaphragmatic and periesophageal lymph node dissected were 30.5(range, 10.0-70.0), 18.0(range, 6.0-42.0), 4.0(range, 0-13.0) in the robotic group, 29.0(range, 12.0-79.0), 19.0(range, 6.0-47.0), 5.0(range, 0-15.0) in the laparoscopic group, and 29.0(range, 18.0-58.0), 18.0(range, 12.0-38.0), 5.0(range, 0-8.0) in the open group, showing no significant difference among the three groups ( χ2=3.676, 1.014, 0.827, P>0.05). The number of lymph node dissected in the second station, the number of lymph node dissected in the superior pancreatic region, the number of No.110 lymph node dissected, the number of No.111 lymph node dissected after matching were 9.0(range, 2.0-30.0), 9.0(range, 2.0-30.0), 1.0(range, 0-4.0), 0(range, 0-3.0) in the robotic group, 6.5(range, 0-25.0), 7.0(range, 0-25.0), 0(range, 0-3.0), 0(range, 0-4.0) in the laparoscopic group, and 6.5(range, 0-19.0), 6.5(range, 0-19.0), 0(range, 0-1.0), 0(range, 0-1.0) in the open group, showing significant differences among the three groups ( χ2=19.027, 24.368, 19.236, 11.147, P<0.05). (4) Postoperative situations: the time to first flatus, time to initial out-of-bed activities, duration of postoperative hospital stay, treatment expenses after matching were 3 days(range, 2-5 days), 2 days(range, 1-4 days), 9 days(range, 5-20 days), 10.6×10 4 yuan [range, (5.4-18.0)×10 4 yuan] in the robotic group, 3 days(range, 2-8 days), 2 days(range, 1-7 days), 9 days(range, 6-56 days), 8.6×10 4 yuan[range, (5.7-40.8)×10 4 yuan] in the laparoscopic group, and 4 days(range, 2-10 days), 4 days(range, 2-10 days), 11 days(range, 8-41 days), 8.4×10 4 yuan[range, (5.8-15.2)×10 4 yuan] in the open group, showing significant differences among the three groups ( χ2=28.487, 95.069, 39.443, 83.899, P<0.05). (5) Postoperative complications: the incidence of overall complications, incidence of severe complications (Clavien-Dindo classification ≥grade 3), incidence of gastrointestinal complications, incidence of incisional complications, incidence of respiratory complications, incidence of infection were 21.8%(17/78), 5.1%(4/78), 10.3%(8/78), 1.3%(1/78), 7.7%(6/78), 2.6%(2/78) in the robotic group, 21.8%(34/156), 7.1%(11/156), 5.1%(8/156), 1.3%(2/156), 11.5%(18/156), 3.8%(6/156) in the laparoscopic group, and 29.5%(23/78), 6.4%(5/78), 9.0%(7/78), 2.6%(2/78), 14.1%(11/78), 2.6%(2/78) in the open group, showing no significant difference among the three groups ( χ2=1.913, 0.321, 2.394, 0.866, 1.641, 0.335, P>0.05). (6) Follow-up: 312 patients after propensity score matching were follow up at postoperative 1 month. During the follow-up, 2 cases with severe complications died after discharge. No severe complication such as obstruction of input or output loop, dumping syndrome was found in the other 310 patients. Conclusions:The Da Vinci robotic radical gastrectomy is safe and feasible for locally advanced Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ AEG. Compared with laparoscopic and open radical gastrectomy, Da Vinci robotic radical gastrectomy has more advantages in the number of lymph node dissected in the second station (especially in the superior pancreatic region).

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751712

ABSTRACT

Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is approved by the the U.S.Food and Drug Administration in 2006 for female cancer prevention.There are currently three types of prophylactic HPV vaccines,and its application in developed countries can significantly reduce HPV infection rates and cervical lesion rates.In developing countries,HPV vaccination rates are low due to lack of knowledge of cervical cancer and funds.At the same time,concerns about vaccine safety have led to a reduction in vaccination rates in developed countries.Countries are facing the challenge of increasing vaccination rates.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761892

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Containing a certain proportion of mesenchymal stem cells, inflammatory dental tissue showed great tissue regeneration potential in recent years. However, whether it is applicable to promote tissue regeneration in vivo remains to be elucidated. Therefore, we evaluated the feasibility of stem cells from inflammatory dental pulp tissues (DPSCs-IPs) to reconstruct periodontal defects in miniature pigs. METHODS: The autologous pig DPSCs-IPs were first cultured, appraised and loaded onto β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP). The compounds were then engrafted into an artificially-created periodontal defect. Three months later, the extent of periodontal regeneration was evaluated. Clinical examination, radiological examination and immunohistochemical staining were used to assess periodontal regeneration. RESULTS: The data collectively showed that DPSCs-IPs from miniature pigs expressed moderate to high levels of STRO-1 and CD146 as well as low levels of CD34 and CD45. DPSCs-IPs have osteogentic, adipogenic and chondrogenic differentiation abilities. DPSCs-IPs were engrafted onto β-TCP and regenerated bone to repair periodontal defects by 3 months' post-surgical reconstruction. CONCLUSION: Autologous DPSCs-IPs may be a feasible means of periodontal regeneration in miniature pigs.


Subject(s)
Dental Pulp , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Periodontitis , Regeneration , Stem Cells , Swine , Swine, Miniature
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1820-1824, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781534

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy and safety of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in the treatment of relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma(PTCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 6 patients with relapsed or refractory PTCL undergoing allo-HSCT from Sep. 2014 to Sep. 2018 in the department of hematology, aerospace center hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Complications and disease-free survival after HSCT were observed.@*RESULTS@#All the patients could well tolerate the conditioning regimen and acquired hematopoietic recon-struction. Following up till December 2018, with a median time of 11.5 months (1-51); acute GVHD developed in 2 cases and chronic GVHD developed in 5 cases, Among 6 cases one case died of viral pheumonia and the other 5 patients remained disease-free survival. The longest disease-free survival time has reached 51 months.@*CONCLUSION@#allo-HSCT is a safe and effective method for relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma, which can be chosen as salvage treatment method for patients with primary resistance. Optimization of the conditioning regimen may result in better efficacy of allo-HSCT.


Subject(s)
DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790108

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of augmented reality (AR) technology in pancreatoduodenectomy (PD).Methods The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 3 male patients who underwent PD in Tsinghua University Affiliated Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital from June 2018 to February 2019 were collected.The 3 patients were aged from 52 to 63 years,with a median age of 57 years.Digital imaging and communication standard format data of enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan were collected,the three-dimensional (3D) images of abdominal arteries,portal vein,descending duodenum,pancreatic body and tail,pancreatic head,common bile duct,and pancreatic duct were reconstructed.The results were imported into the AR software.Optical tracking based on two-dimensional codes and manual interactive rigid registration were adopted for intraoperative navigation.Observation indicators:(1) surgical and postoperative conditions;(2) postoperative pathological examination;(3) follow-up.Follow-up using outpatient examination or telephone interview was conducted to detect survival of patients and tumor metastasis and recurrence up to June 2019.The measurement data with skewed distribution were expressed as M (range).Count data were expressed as absolute numbers.Results (1) Surgical and postoperative conditions:all the 3 patients underwent PD with AR technology as intraoperative navigation successfully.The operation time,volume of intraoperative blood loss,and duration of postoperative hospital stay were 6 hours (range,5-8 hours),700 mL (range,300-900 mL),11 days (range,9-12 days).There was no perioperative death or complication occured.After surgery,the patients who underwent PD combined with superior mesenteric vein (SMV) resection and reconstruction had patent SMV on the enhanced computed tomography examination.(2) Postoperative pathological examination:results of pathological examination showed 1 case of intraductal papillary mueinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the pancreas with invasive adenocarcinoma (neoplasm invading SMV),1 case of insulinoma,and 1 case of periampullary neuroendocrine carcinoma,respectively.(3) Follow-up:3 patients were followed up for 4-12 months,with a median follow-up time of 6 months.During the follow-up,the patient with IPMN of the pancreas and invasive adenocarcinoma had liver metastasis at 3 months after surgery,and received chemotherapy at other hospital.After 4 cycles of chemotherapy,the metastatic nodule shrank,and the patient was still in follow-up up to deadline of follow-up.Other 2 patients had no recurrence or metastasis.Conclusion AR technique assisted PD is safe and feasible,which is helpful to indentify vascular branches and tracks.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1392-1398, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803254

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish a mouse model of osteoarthritis (OA) and study the bone microarchitecture and bone metabolism of tibial subchondral bone in early stage of OA.@*Methods@#The mouse model of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) with anterior cruciate ligament (ACLT) was established by using c57 mice. The Sham operation group served as the control group. All mice were fed with conventional diet. All mice were sacrificed after 4 weeks. The degeneration of knee joint was observed by HE staining and Safranin O-Fast Green staining. The number of osteoclasts was counted by TRAP staining. Micro CT was used to analyze the quantitative parameters of the microstructure of tibia subchondral bone in mice. Serum levels of bone resorption biomarker CTX I and cartilage degeneration marker CTX II were determined.@*Results@#After ACLT 4 weeks, the average score of OARSI in ACLT group was 3.2, which was higher than that in Sham group, and the joint degeneration occurred in mice, presenting the pathological characteristics of early OA. Compared with the sham operation phase, the total subchondral bone volume (TV) of ACLT group was 4.72 mm3, increased by 13.6%; the bone trabecular resolution (Tb.Sp) was 0.130 and 0.154 mm, respectively, and the ACLT group also increased by 18.8%; the bone volume/tissue volume (BV/TV) was 0.470 and 0.294, respectively, and the ACLT group decreased by 48.9%; the bone trabecular thickness (Tb.Th) was 0.162 and 0.083 mm groups, ACLT decreased by 37.5%. Trap staining showed that the number of osteoclasts per unit volume in ACLT group was 72, which was significantly higher than that in sham operation group. The CTX I of mice in the sham operated ACLT group and sham operated group were 20.9 ng/ml and 18.29 ng/ml, with an increase of 48.9% in the ACLT group; the CTX II of mice in the ACLT group and sham operated group were 35.5 ng/ml and 28.6 ng/ml, with an increase of 24.1% in the ACLT group.@*Conclusion@#ACLT Mouse model can successfully construct early OA, which confirms the early loss of osteochondral bone and the pathological changes of osteoclast activation in OA, and provides a new specific target for the treatment of OA.

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