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Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 272-278, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993663


Objective:To assess the value of serum uric acid combined with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) for the diagnosis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in health examination population.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted. Total of 3 903 subjects who underwent health examination in the health management center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January to November 2022 were retrospectively selected for this study. The demography and somatology examination, laboratory tests and transient elastography of the liver were carried out in all the subjects. The indices were compared in people with and without NAFLD with t test, single factor analysis of variance or Wilcoxon rank sum test. And the levels of uric acid and HDL-C under different degrees of fatty liver were analyzed. The diagnostic value of uric acid combined with HDL-C for NAFLD was examined with the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve and area under the ROC curve (AUC). Results:Body mass index, uric acid and glutathione transaminase in the NAFLD group were all higher than those in the non-NAFLD group, and HDL-C was lower (all P<0.001). Blood uric acid in normal liver group (303.62±77.65) μmol/L <mild fatty liver group (336.82±82.43) μmol/L <moderate fatty liver group (364.25±79.62) μmol/L <severe fatty liver group (392.98±83.90) μmol/L ( F=202.614, P<0.001); HLD-C in normal liver group (1.43±0.37) mmol/L >mild fatty liver group (1.25±0.31) mmol/L >moderate fatty liver group (1.16±0.28) mmol/L >severe fatty liver group (1.04±0.25) mmol/L ( F=239.24, P<0.001).The proportion of NAFLD in hyperuricemia group (HUA group) (75.0%), low HDL-C group (76.3%), and HUA and low HDL-C group (86.9%) was significantly higher than that in normal uric acid and HDL-C groups (49.2%), and the proportion of NAFLD in HUA and low HDL-C group was the highest ( χ 2=302.109, P<0.001). The diagnostic value of the combination of serum uric acid and HDL-C for NAFLD is higher than that of serum uric acid or HDL-C alone (the AUC was 0.741, 0.692 and 0.288, respectively) (both P<0.001). Conclusion:Serumuric acid and HDL-C were correlated with the severity of NAFLD, and uric acid combined with HDL-C had some diagnostic value for NAFLD.