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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883939


Objective:To explore the correlation among childhood trauma, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and implicit and explicit memory in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD).Methods:Fifty-two OCD patients were enrolled, and the childhood trauma was investigated by using the childhood trauma questionnaire short-form(CTQ-SF). The degree of obsessive-compulsive symptoms was assessed by using the Yale-Brown obsessive symptoms scale (Y-BOCS). In addition, the abilities of implicit memory and explicit memory were tested by vocabulary perception speed tasks and vocabulary recognition tasks.According to the scores of CTQ-SF, the patients were divided into abuse group( n=26) and neglect group( n=26). SPSS 22.0 software was used for t-test and Pearson correlation analysis. Results:Results of obsessive-compulsive symptoms, implicit memory, and explicit memory showed no differences between the abuse group and the neglect group( t=-1.959-1.839, P>0.05). The scores of obsessions symptoms(12.52±4.61) were positively correlated with the total scores of CTQ-SF (40.10±10.20)( r=0.331, P<0.05). On the subscale, the scores of obsessions were positively correlated with the scores of physical abuse(7.89±3.02), sexual abuse(6.47±2.28)( r=0.373, P<0.01, r=0.356, P<0.05). There was a negative correlation between the scores of physical abuse and the accuracy of explicit memory(68.75±13.33)( r=-0.281, P<0.05). The scores of physical neglect(8.98±2.67) was positively correlated with implicit memory response time(4 285.94±2 067.42)( r=0.314, P<0.05). Conclusion:Obsessions in patients with OCD are related to traumatic childhood experiences, especially physical abuse and sexual abuse.Physical trauma may influence the level of implicit and explicit memory in patients with OCD.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867179


Objective:To explore the relationship between the childhood trauma and neruocognition in patients with schizophrenia.Methods:Sixty-two patients with schizophrenic were selected from Anhui mental health center, and sixty-three community health controls were selected. All subjects were assessed with the childhood trauma questionnaire (CTQ), Wisconsin card sorting Test (WCST), attention network test (ANT), verbal fluency test (VFT) and digit span test (DST). SPSS 17.0 was used for statistical analysis. t-test was used to compare the measurement data of normal distribution and Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the measurement data of non-normal distribution. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the relationship between CTQ score and cognitive function score. Results:Compared with health controls(34.00(30.00, 37.00), 6.00 (5.00, 7.00), 5.00(5.00, 5.00), 5.00(5.00, 5.00), 9.00(6.00, 11.00), 7.00(6.00, 10.00)), the total score of CTQ, subscores of emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect and physical neglect in patients with schizophrenia were significantly increased (48.50(37.75, 57.00), 9.00(6.00, 12.25), 7.00(5.00, 9.25), 5.50(5.00, 7.25), 13.00 (9.00, 16.25), 11.00(8.00, 13.00)) ( Z=-4.781--6.724, all P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the number of WCST classification completed in the patient group was lower, while the number of wrong answers, continuous answers and persistent errors increased ( Z=-5.655--6.060, all P< 0.01). The correct rate of ant decreased, but the reaction time increased ( Z=-5.796, -6.094, all P< 0.01). VFT and DST scores were decreased ( Z=-3.492--8.499, both P< 0.01). In patients with schizophrenia, CTQ sexual abuse subscore were negatively correlated with completed categories scores ( r=-0.384) and positively correlated with total errors ( r=0.360), perseverative responses( r=0.394) and perseverative errors ( r=0.381) on WCST(all P<0.01). CTQ physical neglect scores were negatively correlated with the ANT correct ratio( r=-0.400) and conflict resolution( r=-0.417) (all P<0.01). CTQ emotional neglect scores were negatively correlated with VFT scores( r=-0.345) ( P<0.01). The significant associations remained after controlling for age, education and PANSS scores. Conclusion:Patients with schizophrenia experience more traumatic events in their early years and have extensive cognitive defects. The childhood trauma has negative effects on cognitive flexibility, attention, memory and speech function in patients with schizophrenia.However, the positive correlation between childhood trauma and executive conflict of attention network needs to be further verified and explored.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669047


Objective To describe the cardiovascular risk profile of inpatients with schizophrenia and estimate the 10-year CVD risk in schizophrenia patients. Methods Four hundred sixty-six randomly selected cases of schizophrenia patients and 507 health controls were included in the study. Body mass index (BMI), Fasting blood glucose (FBG), triglyceride (TG),,total cholesterol (TC), smoking rate (smoking people/total people), Framing-ham Risk Score (FRS), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and age of the vessel (VA). The 10-year cardiovascular risk(FRS) and age of the vessel (VA) were assessed using the Framing-ham Risk Score. Results 10-year CVD risk was significantly higher in patients with schizophrenia than in control group [(6.71 ±6.95)% vs. (4.76 ±3.07)%], (P<0.05). Comparing with the control group, smoking prevalence[(41%) vs. (19%)], MS[(25%) vs. (17%)], BMI[(23.67 ±3.61)kg/m2 vs. (21.73±4.11)kg/m2] and VA[(46.7±15.3) vs. (43.7±9.8)] were higher in patients group. SBP[(119.86±14.90)mmHg vs. (128.10±15.41)mmHg] and HDL-C [(1.08±0.27)mmol/L vs. (1.38±0.22)mmol/L] were lower in patients group than in the healthy controls. The FRS score of the patient group was positively correlated with BMI, FBG level and SBP, waist circumference and smoking index (P<0.05) and was negatively correlated with the levels of HDL-C. Multivariate Linear Regression analysis demonstrated that FRS was correlated with FBG (β=0.181,P<0.01)、SBP (β=0.149,P<0.01)、HDL-C (β=-0.107,P<0.01) and smoking index(β=0.554,P<0.01). Conclusion The risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with schizophrenia over the next 10 years is 6.7%, which is significantly higher compared with the control group. Fasting blood glucose, systolic blood pressure, high density lipoprotein, smoking may be associated with 10-year CVD risk of schizophrenia patients.