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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(3): 68-71, set.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1381331

ABSTRACT

Although fluoride (F) is required for the normal growth and development of several human organs and tissues, excessive exposure to it may be potentially toxic. Groundwater may present ranging levels of F; however, the appearance, taste, and smell are not altered. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate dental fluorosis in children from a Brazilian slave-descendent community, as well as to assess F levels in the drinking water supplies available in that area. For that, 21 children aged from 6 to 14 years living in Rincão dos Martimianos were invited to participate. Thylstrup and Fejerskov index (a 0­9 scale) was used to assess dental fluorosis on permanent teeth. Furthermore, the F concentration of two water samples (from the artesian well and a tank) was determined by using a potentiometric method. All children presented dental fluorosis to some degree, ranging from score 2 to 9. About 81% of them had dental fluorosis scores equal to or over 5. Scores lower than 5 were observed only in children younger than 8 years; on the other hand, all children older than 8 years presented scores higher than 5. Moreover, artesian well water had an F concentration of 5 mg/L and tank water 0.8 mg/L. It is suggested that the F-rich groundwater supply was most probably responsible for dental fluorosis in that area. Brazilian slave-descendent communities, therefore, should receive constant attention from their local authorities in order to guarantee a proper water supply for consumption, as well as to provide public health education(AU)


Embora o flúor (F) seja necessário para o crescimento e desenvolvimento normal de vários órgãos e tecidos humanos, a exposição excessiva pode ser potencialmente tóxica. As águas subterrâneas podem apresentar níveis variados de F; no entanto, a aparência, o sabor e o cheiro não são alterados. Desta forma, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a fluorose dentária em crianças de uma comunidade brasileira descendente de escravos, bem como avaliar os níveis de F na água potável disponível nessa área. Para isso, 21 crianças de 6 a 14 anos residentes no Rincão dos Martimianos foram convidadas a participar da pesquisa. O índice de Thylstrup e Fejerskov (uma escala de 0 a 9) foi usado para avaliar a fluorose dentária em dentes permanentes. Além disso, a concentração de F de duas amostras de água (do poço artesiano e de um tanque) foi determinada pelo método potenciométrico. Todas as crianças apresentaram algum grau de fluorose dentária, variando de 2 a 9. Cerca de 81% delas apresentaram escores de fluorose dentária iguais ou superiores a 5. Escores inferiores a 5 foram observados apenas em crianças menores de 8 anos; por outro lado, todas as crianças maiores de 8 anos apresentaram escores superiores a 5. Além disso, a água do poço artesiano tinha concentração de F de 5 mg/L e a água do tanque 0,8 mg/L. Desta forma, acredita-se que a fonte de água subterrânea rica em F foi provavelmente responsável pela fluorose dentária na região avaliada. As comunidades quilombolas brasileiras, portanto, devem receber atenção constante de suas autoridades locais, a fim de garantir o abastecimento adequado de água para consumo, bem como proporcionar educação em saúde pública(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Dentition, Permanent , Quilombola Communities , Fluorosis, Dental , Water Supply , Drinking Water , Groundwater , Public Health , Fluorine
2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e105, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1384191

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess whether favorable factors related to school characteristics have a positive effect on the impact of traumatic dental injury (TDI) on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). An epidemiological survey of oral health was conducted with 12-year-old schoolchildren from Quito, Ecuador. Children were examined for TDI, dental caries, and malocclusion. Individual socioeconomic data were also collected. Information on the physical environment, health practices, and occurrence of negative episodes at school was collected from the school coordinators. The Child Perceptions Questionnaire 11-14 (CPQ11-14) was used to evaluate the OHRQoL (outcome variable). Multilevel Poisson regression analysis was conducted. Severe TDI was associated with higher CPQ11-14 scores, even in the multiple model adjusted for oral health conditions, sex, individual socioeconomic variables, and school-related variables. Children from schools that had an appropriate tooth-brushing environment for their students exhibited a lower impact on OHRQoL, even after adjustment for the occurrence of TDI and other variables. A favorable school environment may exert a positive effect on OHRQoL, independent of the occurrence of TDI.

3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-10, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380741

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study investigated the impact of FDI criteria for evaluating restorations on examiners' decision-making compared with their previous personal judgment in primary teeth. Secondly, the possible factors related to changes when using the criteria, including the examiners' experience were explored. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study in a dental office setting was conducted selecting 27 resin composite restorations placed in primary molars in 11 children. Examinations of the restorations were performed by five undergraduate and five graduate dental students. First, the evaluations were performed based on personal judgment, and 2 weeks later, with FDI criteria. All examiners underwent training to use the FDI criteria after the first evaluation. The consensus of two benchmark examiners was considered to be the reference standard. Initially, a descriptive analysis was performed. Multiple Poisson regressions analyses were used to identify possible associated factors with outcomes - to be less or more invasive based on the FDI criteria than personal judgment. Results: The use of the FDI criteria changed the examiners' decisions in approximately 15% of the cases. Irrespective of examiners' experience, there was a trend of false results (compared to the reference examiners) when a change in the treatment decision was registered by using the FDI criteria. Examiners chose a less invasive option when assessing multi surface restorations with FDI criteria (PR=2.04, 95%CI=1.03-4.05; p=0.04). Examiners who spent more time for evaluation with FDI criteria were more invasive (PR=1.001, 95%CI=1.0001-1.002; p=0.03). Students were more invasive with the FDI criteria when examined children with higher dmf-t (PR=1.16, 95%CI=1.01-1.32; p=0.03). Conclusion: The use of the FDI criteria negatively influenced the restorations' evaluation and treatment decision in primary molars by undergraduate and graduate students.(AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo investigou o impacto dos critérios da FDI para avaliar restaurações na tomade de decisão feita pelos examinadores em comparação ao seu julgamento pessoal prévio em dentes decíduos. Secundariamente, foram explorados os possíveis fatores relacionados com mudanças causadas pelo uso dos critérios, incluindo a experiência dos examinadores. Material e Métodos: Um estudo transversal em ambiente de consultório odontológico foi conduzido selecionando 27 restaurações de resina composta realizado em molares decíduos em 11 crianças. As avaliações das restaurações foram realizadas por cinco estudantes de Graduação e cinco de Pós-graduação em Odontologia. As avaliações foram realizadas com base no julgamento pessoal e, duas semanas depois, com os critérios da FDI. Todos os examinadores foram treinados para utilizar os critérios da FDI após a primeira avaliação. O consenso de dois examinadores "padrão-ouro" foi considerado o padrão de referência. Inicialmente, uma análise descritiva foi realizada. Análises de regressão múltipla de Poisson foram utilizadas para identificar possíveis fatores associados com os desfechos ­ ser mais ou menos invasivo com o uso dos critérios da FDI em relação ao julgamento pessoal. Resultados: A utilização dos critérios do FDI alterou as decisões dos examinadores em aproximadamente 15% dos casos. Independente da experiência dos examinadores, houve uma tendência de resultados falsos (em comparação com os examinadores de referência) quando uma mudança na decisão de tratamento foi registrada usando os critérios da FDI. Os examinadores escolheram uma opção menos invasiva quando avaliaram restaurações envolvendo múltiplas superfícies com os critérios da FDI (RP = 2,04, IC 95% = 1,03-4,05; p = 0,04). Os examinadores que levaram mais tempo para avaliação das restaurações foram mais invasivos com o uso dos critérios da FDI (RP = 1,001, IC 95% = 1,0001-1,0002; p = 0,03). Os alunos foram mais invasivos com o uso dos critérios da FDI quando examinaram crianças com maior experiência de cárie (RP = 1,16, IC 95% = 1,01-1,32; p = 0,03). Conclusão: O uso dos critérios da FDI influenciou negativamente a avaliação das restaurações e decisão de tratamento em dentes decíduos realizada por estudantes de graduação e pós-graduação. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Tooth, Deciduous , Pediatric Dentistry , Composite Resins , Dental Restoration Failure , Clinical Decision-Making
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e025, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1360243

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study evaluated the influence of Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) on the consumption of alcohol and cigarette use in adolescents. This prospective cohort began in 2012 (T1) with an initial random sample of 1134 12-year-old adolescents followed for 6 years in Santa Maria, southern Brazil. The present study comprised data from the two cohort reassessments that took place in 2014 (T2) and 2018 (T3). OHRQoL was measured with the Brazilian short version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ11-14) at T2. Socioeconomic, demographic, and oral health measures were also collected during this period. Alcohol and cigarette consumption (regular use) in the past 30 days was evaluated at T3 through questions in the of the National School Health Survey (PeNSE) questionnaire. A multilevel Poisson regression model was used to evaluate the influence of predictor variables on substance use. Of the 770 adolescents at T2, 575 and 576 adolescents were reassessed at T3 for alcohol and cigarette consumption, respectively. Adolescents with higher overall CPQ11-14 scores were at higher risk for regular consumption of alcohol (IRR 1.01; 95% CI 1.01-1.02) and cigarette (IRR 1.04; 95% CI 1.03-1.05). Non-white adolescents with low socioeconomic status, untreated dental caries, and who had not been to the dentist (last 6 months) were also associated with increased regular consumption of licit substances. Adolescents with worse OHRQoL presented a higher consumption of alcohol and cigarette. These findings are useful for planning public health strategies to improve adolescent OHRQoL and reduce the harmful substance use.

5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e021, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1360247

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study assessed the association between self-reported oral health and the normative indices of dental caries in an adolescent population. This study is based on a 6-year data from a cohort, beginning in 2012, with 1,134 twelve-year-old adolescents. After three phases of data collection, 68% of the samples were followed up. Self-reported oral health was evaluated through the question: "Would you say that the health of your teeth, lips, jaws, and mouth is …?", and answers were categorized as "good" or "poor." Calibrated dentists examined clinical conditions using the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index. Statistical analysis was performed using multilevel logistic regression models, considering the dependence of those observed thrice and adjusted for demographic, socioeconomic, and dental visit variables. Adolescents who evaluated their oral health as poor had higher mean DMFT (OR: 1.35; CI95% 1.22-1.50). When evaluated separately, decayed (OR: 2.43; CI95% 1.83-3.23) and missing (OR: 3.94; CI95% 1.26-12.26) teeth also presented significant results, showing poor self-reported oral health associated with a higher mean. Adolescents' self-perceived oral health was associated with normative dental caries indices, and this association was maintained throughout adolescence.

6.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 72-79, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339324

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective was assess the influence of untreated caries and socioeconomic status (SES) on school dropout among adolescents. A six-year cohort study was conducted with random sample of adolescents (12 years-old) who had been evaluated initially in 2012 from Santa Maria, Brazil. Sex, socioeconomic status (mother's education and household income), and untreated caries were collected at the baseline. The outcome variable was collected at the follow-up through self-report and was divided into three categories: adolescents who only studied, who studied and employed, and who school dropouts. A multinomial regression model was performed to assess the influence of oral disease and SES on school leaving, through relative risk ratio (RRR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI). From of 1,134 adolescents evaluated at the baseline, 768 participants with a mean age of 17.5 years were re-evaluated at follow-up (67.8% response rate). Male (RRR: 2.31; 95%CI: 1.19-4.48) and adolescents with untreated caries at the baseline had an increment in school-leaving (RRR: 2.26; 95%CI: 1.12-4.56). Mothers with low education (RRR: 2.24; 95%CI: 1.09-4.61) had a higher probability of having children who leave school. Untreated caries and low SES in early adolescence can influence the tendency to school dropouts.


Resumo O objetivo foi avaliar a influência da cárie dentária não tratada e do status socioeconômico (SES) sobre o abandono escolar dos adolescentes. Foi realizado um estudo de coorte de seis anos de acompanhamento com uma amostra aleatória de adolescentes (12 anos de idade) avaliados inicialmente em 2012 em Santa Maria, Brasil. Sexo, status socioeconômico (educação da mãe e renda familiar) e cárie não tratada foram coletados no início do estudo. A variável de desfecho foi coletada no acompanhamento por meio do autorrelato e foi dividida em três categorias: adolescentes que apenas estudavam, aqueles que estudavam e trabalhavam e quem tinha abandonado a escola. Um modelo de regressão multinomial foi realizado para avaliar a influência da doença bucal e do SES sobre o abandono escolar, por meio da razão de risco relativo (RRR) e intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%). Dos 1.134 adolescentes avaliados no início do estudo, 768 participantes com idade média de 17,5 anos foram reavaliados no acompanhamento (taxa de resposta de 67,8%). Meninos (RRR: 2,31; IC 95%: 1,19- 4,48) e adolescentes com cárie não tratada no início do estudo tiveram um incremento no abandono escolar (RRR: 2,26; IC 95%: 1,12-4,56). Mães com baixa escolaridade (RRR: 2,24; IC95%: 1,09-4,61) tiveram maior probabilidade de ter filhos que abandonaram a escola. Cárie dentária não tratada e baixo SES no início da adolescência pode influenciar a tendência de evasão escolar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Schools , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Social Class , Brazil/epidemiology , Cohort Studies
7.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(2): e2119244, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249700

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the influence of early childhood malocclusion on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Methods: 7-year cohort study involving 639 preschoolers (1 to 5 years) who had been evaluated initially with a survey conduced in 2010. Children completed the Brazilian version of the Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) to assess OHRQoL during the follow-up period. Exploratory variables were collected at baseline, including the presence and severity of malocclusion (overjet and lip coverage). Socioeconomic characteristics, oral health behavior, and patterns of dental attendance were also investigated. A multilevel Poisson regression model was used to fit the association between malocclusion and OHRQoL. With this approach, incidence rate ratio (IRR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated. Results: A total of 449 children were re-evaluated (follow-up rate, 70.3%). The prevalence of accentuated overjet and inadequate lip coverage was 13.5% and 11.9%, respectively. The mean (±SD) CPQ8-10 score was 10.57±10.32. The presence of inadequate lip coverage was associated with higher overall mean CPQ8-10 scores (IRR 1.51; 95% CI 1.29-1.77), and social well-being, emotional well-being, and functional limitation domains. Children with accentuated overjet (>3mm) also demonstrated higher overall scores on the CPQ8-10 than their normal counterparts. The presence of this condition also influenced the oral symptom (IRR 1.29; 95% CI 1.08-1.53) and emotional well-being (IRR 1.30; 95% CI 1.02-1.66) domains. Conclusion: Results of the present study suggest that early childhood malocclusion is a risk factor for low OHRQoL in future.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a influência da má oclusão na primeira infância na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB). Métodos: Este estudo de coorte de 7 anos envolveu 639 pré-escolares (1 a 5 anos) que foram avaliados inicialmente em um levantamento transversal conduzido em 2010. As crianças completaram a versão brasileira do Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) para avaliar sua QVRSB no período do acompanhamento. Variáveis exploratórias foram coletadas na linha de base, incluindo a presença e severidade de má oclusão (sobressaliência e cobertura labial). Características socioeconômicas, hábitos de saúde bucal e padrões de assistência odontológica também foram investigados. Um modelo de regressão de Poisson multinível foi utilizado para medir a associação entre má oclusão e QVRSB. Com essa abordagem, calculou-se a razão de taxa de incidência (IRR, incidence rate ratio) e o intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC 95%). Resultados: No total, 449 crianças foram reavaliadas (taxa de acompanhamento de 70,3%). A prevalência de sobressaliência acentuada e cobertura labial inadequada foi de 13,5% e 11,9%, respectivamente. A média±DP de pontuação do CPQ8-10 foi 10,57±10,32. A presença de selamento labial inadequado foi associada com maiores médias na pontuação total do CPQ8-10 (IRR 1,51; IC 95% 1,29-1,77) e nos domínios de bem-estar social, bem-estar emocional e limitação funcional. Crianças com sobressaliência acentuada (>3 mm) também demonstraram médias nas pontuações do CPQ8-10 total maiores do que suas contrapartes normais. A presença dessa condição também influenciou os domínios de sintomas bucais (IRR 1,29; IC 95% 1,08-1,53) e bem-estar emocional (IRR 1,30; IC 95% 1,02-1,66). Conclusão: Os resultados do presente estudo sugerem que a má oclusão na primeira infância é um fator de risco para baixa QVRSB no futuro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Dental Caries , Malocclusion , Quality of Life , Brazil/epidemiology , Oral Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cohort Studies , Malocclusion/epidemiology
8.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250453

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the influence of oral health clinical and non-clinical indicators on adolescents' academic performance. Material and Methods: A longitudinal design was performed with a random sample of 1,134 12-year-old Brazilian adolescents. In 2012, the adolescents were clinically assessed by calibrated dentists and investigated about demographics, socioeconomic factors, dental service use, toothache, and verbal bullying related to oral condition via structured questionnaires. The contextual variable was obtained from the city's official database. After two years, 771 adolescents were reassessed. The outcome adolescent's academic performance (good or poor) was collected through official school's register. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were performed to assess associated factors for adolescents' academic performance. Results: Adolescents with toothache (OR 1.74; CI 95%: 1.05-2.89), who have been a victim of bullying (OR 2.23; CI 95%: 1.21-4.09), and were male (OR 1.92; CI 95%: 1.19-3.09) had a lower academic performance. On the other hand, adolescents whose mothers had higher educational levels (OR 1.79; CI 95%: 1.08-2.97) and belonged to higher-income households (OR 1.95; CI 95%: 1.18-3.23) had higher academic performance when compared to their peers. Conclusion: Adverse oral conditions, as well as subjective and socioeconomic factors, impacted on adolescents' academic performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Socioeconomic Factors , Toothache , Oral Health/education , Adolescent , Academic Performance , Brazil , Chi-Square Distribution , Demography , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Longitudinal Studies , Dentists , Bullying
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20201005, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286918

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Malocclusions are highly prevalent in childhood and adolescence, being considered a public health problem worldwide, in addition to be considered an important predictor in the tongue position and speech disorders. Objective Evaluate the association of malocclusions with tongue position and speech distortion in mixed-dentition schoolchildren from the south of Brazil. Methodology This cross-sectional study was performed using a database of an epidemiological survey realized in the southern of Brazil, in 2015, for evaluating the dental and myofunctional condition of the mixed-dentition from 7-13 years' schoolchildren. The outcome variables were tongue position and speech distortion, evaluated by a trained and calibrated examiner. Characteristics regarding sociodemographic and oral health measures (Angle's classification of the malocclusion, overjet, overbite, posterior crossbite and respiratory mode) were also assessed. Poisson regression models with adjusted robust variance were used to evaluate the association among predictors variables in the outcomes. Results are presented as prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Results A total of 547 children were evaluated. Schoolchildren who presented anterior open bite (PR 2.36 95%CI 1.59-3.49) and having oral/oral-nasal breathing (RP 2.51 95%CI 1.70-3.71) are more likely to have altered position of the tongue. Both deep bite and being male represent protection factors for the abnormal tongue position. Regarding speech distortion, deep overbite presents a protective relationship to speech distortion (PR 0.41; 95%CI 0.24-0.71), whereas schoolchildren with posterior crossbite were more likely to present this problem (PR 1.77; 95%CI 1.09-2.88). Conclusion Anterior open bite and posterior crossbite were the malocclusions related to speech distortion and/or altered tongue position. Oral/oral-nasal breathing was also related to myofunctional changes. Deep bite malocclusion was a protective factor for both speech problems and altered tongue position when compared to a normal overbite.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Dentition , Malocclusion/epidemiology , Speech , Speech Disorders , Tongue , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e093, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1285730

ABSTRACT

Abstract Most of the Brazilian population is covered by the Family Health Strategy (FHS), however no longitudinal study has assessed the impact of the FHS on child oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). The objective of the study was to evaluate the longitudinal impact of the FHS on the OHRQoL. This study followed up 459 children aged 2 to 5 years for 2 years. OHRQoL was assessed by the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) at baseline (April to November 2016) and follow-up (April to December 2018). Children's parents answered a questionnaire regarding sociodemographic information, FHS service, and dental service. Participants were clinically examined for dental caries. Multilevel Poisson regression was used to assess the associations between FHS variables at baseline and overall/domain-specific of the ECOHIS scores over time. A total of 365 children were reassessed for OHRQoL (follow-up rate: 79.5%). The absence of FHS coverage from the child's first year of age was associated with higher scores in the family function domain [rate ratio (RR) = 2.42; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.28-4.58)]. Home visits by the FHS team members were associated with higher psychological domain scores (RR = 1.60; 95%CI 1.01-2.57). Children not covered by the FHS since the first year of age reported worse OHRQoL over time. This fact highlights the importance of an integrated health approach to promote children's health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Quality of Life , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Parents , Brazil , Oral Health , Family Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cohort Studies
11.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e206977, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1116003

ABSTRACT

Aim: To explore socioeconomic, educational and research factors associated with dental research productivity at the state level in Brazil. Methods: The authors used the Scopus database to identify dental articles published from 2006 to 2016 associated with Brazilian universities at the state level. Several social, economic, educational and research structure variables were obtained from the census and National Research Council to predict the rate of articles per 100 thousand inhabitants among the 27 Brazilian states. Rates were fitted in linear weighted least-squared regression with stepwise technique. Twenty-two variables were grouped in six blocks (social, economic, general education, dental education, research workforce and structure). Results: A total of 21189 articles were published, and the state of São Paulo accounted for 46%, followed by Rio Grande do Sul with 9.4%; four states did not publish any articles. There were an average (± standard deviation) of 2.6 (±1.98) published articles per 100 researchers and 13.4 (±9.6) articles per 100 thousand inhabitants. Research structure and workforce explained 92.4% and 87.2% of state variability, respectively, while the final model explained 94.5%. One extra PhD and one extra undergraduate researcher per 100 thousand inhabitants were associated with 11.3 more and 3.5 fewer articles, respectively, while every 10 points (range 0-100) on the Human Development Index (Education Component) was associated with 3.3 more articles. Conclusion: State scientific output has several associated factors, but research workforce and general education variables seem to be good predictors. Large disparities among state research outputs have been described and must be addressed by research and development policies


Subject(s)
Bibliometrics , Dental Research , Dentistry , Scientific Publication Indicators
12.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 23: e200051, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101588

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Introduction: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is affected by different clinical conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of gingivitis on OHRQoL in adolescents. Methodology: This cohort study consisted of a random sample of 1,134 schoolchildren enrolled during 2012, in Santa Maria, Brazil. After two years, 743 adolescents were follow-up (response rate: 65.5%). Clinical, socioeconomic and OHRQoL data were collected. OHRQoL was assessed by the short Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire 11-14 (CPQ11-14), and gingival bleeding through Community Periodontal Index. Gingivitis was considered with the presence of 15% or more bleeding sites. Poisson regression models were used to evaluate the association between gingivitis and overall and domain-specific CPQ11-14 scores. Prevalence of gingivitis at baseline was considered the main predictor for the OHRQoL at follow-up. Results: Gingivitis at baseline was associated with higher overall CPQ 11-14 score (RR = 1.07; 95%CI 1.01 - 1.14), and emotional well-being (RR = 1.17; 95%CI 1.04 - 1.31), independently of other oral conditions and socioeconomic variables. Conclusions: The findings indicate that gingivitis negatively impacts the adolescents' OHRQoL. Moreover, gender, maternal schooling and household income were also associated with OHRQoL.


RESUMO: Introdução: Qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) é afetada por diferentes condições clínicas. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da gengivite na QVRSB de adolescentes. Metodologia: Este estudo de coorte consistiu em uma amostra aleatória de 1.134 escolares iniciado em 2012, na cidade de Santa Maria, Brasil. Após dois anos, 743 adolescentes foram acompanhados (taxa de resposta: 65,5%). Dados clínicos, socioeconômicos e de QVRSB foram coletados. A QVRSB foi avaliada pela versão brasileira curta do Child Perceptions Questionnaire 11-14 (CPQ11-14) e o sangramento gengival foi coletado através do Índice Periodontal Comunitário. Gengivite foi considerada com o indivíduo apresentando 15% ou mais locais de sangramento. Os modelos de regressão de Poisson foram utilizados para avaliar a associação entre gengivite e os escores total e específico do domínio do CPQ11-14. A prevalência de gengivite na primeira avaliação foi considerada o preditor principal para a QVRSB no acompanhamento. Resultados: A gengivite no baseline foi associada à maior pontuação geral do CPQ 11-14 (RR = 1,07; IC95% 1,01 - 1,14) e ao domínio de bem-estar emocional (RR = 1,17; IC95% 1,04 - 1,31), independentemente das outras condições orais e variáveis socioeconômicas. Conclusão: Os achados indicam que a gengivite impacta negativamente a QVRSB de adolescentes. Além disso, sexo, escolaridade materna e renda familiar mensal também foram associados à QVRSB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Quality of Life , Gingivitis/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Gingival Hemorrhage/psychology , Oral Health , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cohort Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Tooth Injuries/psychology , Dental Caries/psychology , Gingivitis/epidemiology
13.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 68: e20200048, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1136016

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of severe traumatic dental injuries on the Oral Health related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) of preschool children. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with children aged 2 to 5 years and their mothers, in Pelotas/ Brazil Southern. The Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) was applied to assess the perception of mothers about children's OHRQoL. Oral examination included dental trauma, categorized as absent/mild (enamel fracture only) or severe, the number of decayed, missing or restored primary teeth (dmft), and presence of anterior open bite. The impact of severe dental trauma on OHRQoL was evaluated using logistic regression analysis (P<0.05). Results: A total of 599 preschool children were included and 7.4% had severe dental trauma. Of these 73.3% showed negative impact on OHRQoL (p= 0.044). After adjustments, children with severe dental trauma had an impact in OHRQoL 110% higher than those without/with mild trauma (OR: 2.10, 95% CI 1.01-4.35). Severe dental injuries caused negative impact on the oral symptoms (OR: 2.13, 95% CI 1.10-4.14), psychological (OR: 2.13, 95% CI 1.10-4.13) and family function (OR: 2.79, 95% CI 1.17-6.61) domains. Conclusion: The presence of severe dental trauma impacts the OHRQoL of preschool children and their families.


RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o impacto de lesões dentais traumáticas severas na Qualidade de Vida Relacionada à Saúde Bucal (QVRSB) de crianças pré-escolares. Métodos Estudo transversal realizado com crianças de 2 a 5 anos e suas mães, na cidade de Pelotas / RS. A escala Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) foi aplicada para avaliar a percepção das mães sobre a QVRSB das crianças. O exame de saúde bucal incluiu traumatismo dentário, classificado como ausente / leve (fratura de esmalte apenas) ou severo, o número de dentes decíduos cariados, ausentes ou restaurados (ceo-d) e a presença de mordida aberta anterior. O impacto do traumatismo dentário severo na QVRSB foi avaliado por meio de análise de regressão logística (P <0,05). Resultados Foram incluídos 599 pré-escolares e 7,4% sofreram traumatismo dentário severo. Destes, 73,3% apresentaram impacto negativo na QVRSB (p = 0,044). Após ajustes, as crianças com traumatismo dentário severo tiveram um impacto na QVRSB 110% maior do que aquelas sem trauma / com trauma leve (OR: 2,10, IC 95% 1,01-4,35). Traumas dentais graves causaram impacto negativo nos domínios sintomas orais (OR: 2,13, IC 95% 1,10-4,14), domínio psicológico (OR: 2,13, IC 95% 1,10-4,13) e função familiar (OR: 2,79, IC 95% 1,17-6,61). Conclusão A presença de traumatismo dentário severo impacta a QVRSB de crianças pré-escolares e suas famílias.

14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e104, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132725

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of clinical and socioeconomic factors on social capital throughout adolescence. A cohort study was performed in 2012 (T1) with a random sample of 1,134 12-year-old adolescents from Santa Maria, Brazil. Questions on socioeconomic factors (maternal education, household income, household crowding) were answered by the parents. Clinicians evaluated their dental caries (decayed, missing, and filled status of permanent teeth) and gingival bleeding (using the Community Periodontal Index). Contextual variables including the mean income of the neighborhood in which the school was located were used (T1). The adolescents were revaluated in 2018 (T2) and answered questions regarding social capital (social trust, social control, empowerment, neighborhood security, and political effectiveness). A path analysis was used to test the relationship between the predictor variables (T1) and social capital (T2). A total of 768 adolescents were reevaluated at a 6-year follow-up (cohort retention rate of 67.7%). Most of the adolescents were girls, with a low household income, about 40% had caries experience (T1), and about 64% had high social capital (T2). The highest neighborhood's mean income was related to a lower household income in T1 (p < 0.01), and this was directly related to a low social capital in T2 (p = 0.04). Furthermore, caries experience at T1 was directly associated with low social capital at T2 (p = 0.03). Socioeconomic factors were also related to caries experience. Individuals who lived in neighborhoods with greater inequality such as families with a low household income and those with untreated dental caries in early adolescence, had a low social capital after follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Dental Caries , Social Capital , Social Class , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e081, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132665

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of shortening of etching time for dentin on the restoration survival after selective carious tissue removal in primary molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included sixty-two subjects (5-8 year-old) and 100 primary molars presenting moderate dentin carious lesions on occlusal surface. The sample was randomly assigned into groups previously to adhesive application (Adper Single Bond 2; 3M ESPE): etching time recommended by manufacturer (15 s) or reduced (7 s). Resin composite (Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior Restorative; 3M ESPE) was inserted in a single increment for all restorations. Restorations were evaluated at 1, 6, 12, and 18 months using FDI criteria. Survival estimates for restorations' longevity were evaluated with Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate Cox regression analysis with shared frailty was used to assess the factors associated with failures (p < 0.05). The etching time did not influence the restorations' survival (HR 0.35 95%CI 0.11-1.12; p = 0.06). Mean estimated time of survival was 17.6 months (95%CI, 17.2-17.9). The survival rates at the 18-month follow-up were 75.7% and 91.4% (AFR: 16.9% and 5.7%) when primary dentin was acid etched for 15 and 7 s, respectively (log-rank p = 0.06). In conclusion, the etching time for dentin did not influence the clinical behavior of adhesives restorations. However, there was a tendency for better clinical outcome when using etching time of 7 s.


Subject(s)
Tooth, Deciduous , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Composite Resins , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Dentin , Molar
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e009, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089388

ABSTRACT

Abstract The sense of coherence (SOC) is a measure of global orientation regarding the ability of individuals to cope with stressful situations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between SOC and quality of life (QoL) and clinical and sociodemographic characteristics among survivors of oral, oropharynx, hypopharynx, or larynx cancer. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 90 cancer patients in follow up at the Santa Maria University Hospital in southern Brazil who had completed conformal 3D radiotherapy at least three months earlier. QoL was assessed using the University of Washington Quality of Life (UW-QOL) questionnaire and SOC was measured using the Brazilian version of the SOC-13 questionnaire. Data on socio-demographic characteristics and the disease were obtained from patients' charts. Oral clinical conditions were also evaluated. Associations between exploratory variables and mean UW-QOL scores were evaluated through Poisson regression and the results were presented as rate ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). The mean overall UW-QOL score was 67.90 (± 18.71). Moderate and high SOC scores were associated with higher mean UW-QOL scores, that is, individuals with a stronger SOC demonstrated better QoL, (p < 0.05). Regarding the clinical variables, individuals with advanced stage cancer and those with hyposalivation and trismus had poorer QoL (p < 0.05). Patients with a greater SOC reported a better quality of life. Our findings show the importance of focusing on psychosocial factors, which can alleviate the impact caused by the disease and improve the QoL of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Quality of Life/psychology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/psychology , Sense of Coherence , Head and Neck Neoplasms/psychology , Reference Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Trismus/psychology , Xerostomia/psychology , Severity of Illness Index , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
17.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 53: 47, jan. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004501

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To describe the sampling strategy of an epidemiological survey with the aid of satellite images, including details of the multistage probability sampling process. METHODS A probability sample of individuals living in the rural area of Rosário do Sul, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, aged 15 years old or more, was evaluated. Participants answered questionnaires (medical history, sociodemographic characteristics, habits, alcohol use, quality of life, stress, rumination, and self-perceived periodontal diseases), and were subjected to clinical oral examinations as well as anthropometric measurements (blood pressure, height, weight, abdominal and waist circumferences). Oral evaluation comprehended a complete periodontal exam at six sites per tooth, including the following assessments: furcation involvement; dental abrasion; tooth decay, including the indexing of missing and filled surfaces; O'Brien index; gingival abrasion; oral cavity and lip lesions; complete periapical radiographic exam, and use of prostheses. Besides this oral clinical approach, subgingival plaque, crevicular gingival fluid, saliva, and blood samples were collected. Examiners were trained and calibrated during previous evaluations. A pilot study allowed the logistic of the performed exams to be adjusted as needed. RESULTS Among 1,087 eligible individuals, 688 were examined (63.3%). Age, sex, and skin color data were compared to data from the last demographic census (2010) of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, which served to validate the sampling strategy. CONCLUSIONS The careful methods used in this study, in which satellite images were used in the delimitation of epidemiological areas, ensure the quality of the estimates obtained and allow for these estimates to be used in oral health surveillance and health policies improvements.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Dental Health Surveys/methods , Epidemiologic Methods , Satellite Imagery/methods , Rural Population , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Middle Aged
18.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 67: e20190033, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012909

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study is a literature review on the physical and mental influence of hypnosis in pediatric patient in controlling anxiety and pain. The objective was to gather the evidence found in the analysis of articles, research and systematic reviews, in the period from 1994 to 2018. For a descriptive review were selected Internet portals as Medicine®, Pubmed, Capes, using keywords like: "hypnosis", "pediatric dentistry", "fear", "anesthesia", "anxiety", "children", "pain". Descriptively and concisely, they presented relevant findings regarding associations between hypnosis and dentistry and their applications in controlling anxiety and pain. It was concluded that hypnosis could increase the cooperation of the child patient and decrease the resistance during painful dental procedures. Despite the promising results observed, hypnosis in pediatric dentistry is still seldom used. This may be due to lack of knowledge about the procedure and the absence of formal education, indicating the importance of including Hypnosis in the healthcare professionals' curriculum and their practices.


RESUMO Este estudo trata de uma revisão de literatura sobre a influência física e mental da hipnose no paciente Odontopediátrico no controle da ansiedade e da dor. Objetivou-se reunir as evidências encontradas em artigos de análise, pesquisa e revisões sistemáticas, compreendendo o período de 1994 até 2018. Para uma revisão descritiva foram selecionados portais na internet como Bireme, Pubmed, Periódicos Capes, por meio de palavras-chave como: "hypnosis", "pediatric dentistry", "fear", "anesthesia", "anxiety", "children" "pain". Foram apresentados de forma descritiva e concisa relevantes achados referentes às associações entre a hipnose e Odontopediatria e suas aplicações no controle da ansiedade e da dor. Concluiu-se que a hipnose pode aumentar a cooperação do paciente infantil e diminuir a resistência durante os procedimentos odontológicos dolorosos. Apesar dos resultados promissores observados, a hipnose em Odontopediatria ainda é pouco utilizada. Isto ocorre devido à ausência de conhecimento sobre o procedimento e a falta de treinamento durante a formação superior, demonstrando a importância da inclusão deste tema nos currículos dos profissionais de saúde e em suas práticas clínicas.

19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e096, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039307

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of environmental and socioeconomic characteristics with the use of dental floss in preschool children. This cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 402 preschool children aged 1-5 years, from Santa Cruz do Sul, a Southern city in Brazil. Mothers answered questions about environmental, demographic, and socioeconomic characteristics. Behavior variables as use of dental floss (study outcome) and dental attendance were also evaluated. Poisson regression analysis with robust variance through a hierarchical approach was used to investigate the association of explanatory variables for use of dental floss. Prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were estimated. The mean sample age was 3.32 years (standard deviation [SD] 1.10). Of the included children, 291 (73.12%) did not use dental floss. The environmental model indicated that children who attended daycare (PR 2.53; 95%CI 1.39-4.60) and those whose parents were members of volunteer networks (RP 1.58; 95%CI 1.02-2.46) were more likely to use dental floss. Children from families with higher income (PR 1.55; 95%CI 1.07-2.24) and maternal schooling (PR 2.21; 95%CI 1.31-3.74) presented a higher prevalence of dental floss use. Older children and those who attended dental services were also related to higher dental floss use. Our findings suggest that children who live in a supporting environment and those with a higher socioeconomic status are more likely to use dental floss.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Social Environment , Dental Devices, Home Care/statistics & numerical data , Reference Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Poisson Distribution , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Devices, Home Care/economics , Mothers/statistics & numerical data
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(4): 381-387, July-Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974169

ABSTRACT

Abstract Religiosity has been associated with a better dental condition and positive self-perception of health, but there are no studies on the relationship between religious practice and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), especially among schoolchildren. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the association between family religiosity and OHRQoL in 12-year-old schoolchildren. We conducted a cross-sectional study in a representative sample of 12-year-old schoolchildren from Santa Maria, a city in southern Brazil. A total of 1,134 schoolchildren were assessed in a randomly selected in 20 public schools in the city. Participants were examined by 4 calibrated dentists (minimum Kappa-value for intra and inter-examiner agreement were 0.79 and 0.77, respectively) according to dental caries (Decayed, Missed, Filled Teeth Index), and gingival bleeding (Community Periodontal Index criteria). OHRQoL was assessed by the Brazilian short version of Child Perceptions for Questionnaire (CPQ11-14). Parents or guardians answered a structured questionnaire regarding their socioeconomic status and religious practice. Data were analyzed using multilevel Poisson regression analysis to assess the association of religiosity and overall and domain-specific CPQ 11-14 scores. Religious practice less than once a week was associated with higher mean symptoms domain scores and higher mean CPQ 11-14 overall scores in schoolchildren. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that family religiosity was positively associated with schoolchildren's OHRQoL.


Resumo A religiosidade tem sido associada a uma melhor condição dentária e autopercepção positiva de saúde, mas não há estudos sobre a relação entre a prática religiosa e qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB), especialmente entre escolares. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a associação entre religiosidade da família e a QVRSB em escolares de 12 anos de idade. Nós realizamos um estudo transversal em uma amostra representativa de escolares de 12 anos de idade de Santa Maria, uma cidade no sul do Brasil. Um total de 1.134 escolares foram avaliados em uma seleção aleatória em 20 escolas públicas da cidade. Os participantes foram examinados por 4 dentistas calibrados (valor mínimo do Kappa para concordância intra e inter-examinador foi de 0,79 e 0,77, respectivamente) de acordo com cárie dental (Índice de Dentes Cariados, Perdidos e Obturados) e sangramento gengival (Índice Periodontal Comunitário). QVRSB foi avaliada pela versão reduzida brasileira do Child Perceptions for Questionnaire (CPQ11-14). Os pais ou responsáveis responderam a um questionário estruturado sobre sua condição socioeconômica e prática religiosa. Os dados foram analisados usando análise de regressão de Poisson multinível para avaliar a associação de religiosidade e escores de QVRSB geral e por domínio específico. A prática religiosa menos de uma vez por semana foi associada com maior escore do domínio sintomas orais e maior média do escore total do CPQ 11-14 em escolares. Em conclusão, nossos achados demonstram que religiosidade familiar foi positivamente associada com a QVRSB dos escolares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Quality of Life , Religion , Oral Health , Brazil , Attitude to Health , Cross-Sectional Studies
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