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Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 43(12): 1215-1224, Dec. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-568996


Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) is a rare developmental disorder characterized by craniofacial dysmorphisms, broad thumbs and toes, mental and growth deficiency, and recurrent respiratory infections. RTS has been associated with CREBBP gene mutations, but EP300 gene mutations have recently been reported in 6 individuals. In the present study, the humoral immune response in 16 RTS patients with recurrent respiratory infections of possible bacterial etiology was evaluated. No significant differences between patients and 16 healthy controls were detected to explain the high susceptibility to respiratory infections: normal or elevated serum immunoglobulin levels, normal salivary IgA levels, and a good antibody response to both polysaccharide and protein antigens were observed. However, most patients presented high serum IgM levels, a high number of total B cell and B subsets, and also high percentiles of apoptosis, suggesting that they could present B dysregulation. The CREBBP/p300 family gene is extremely important for B-cell regulation, and RTS may represent an interesting human model for studying the molecular mechanisms involved in B-cell development.

Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Antibodies, Monoclonal/analysis , B-Lymphocytes/immunology , Immunity, Humoral/immunology , Immunoglobulins/analysis , Respiratory Tract Infections/immunology , Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome/immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology , Case-Control Studies , CREB-Binding Protein/genetics , Immunity, Humoral/genetics , Immunoglobulins/immunology , Recurrence
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 29(2): 201-4, Feb. 1996. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-161670


In order to study placental transfer of IgG subclasses, paired blood samples were collected from mothers and umbilical cord of preterm (N = 69) and full-term (N = 68) newborns. The full-term group was further divided into 3 subgroups: appropriate for gestational age (AGA, N = 43), large for gestational age (LGA, N = 13) and small for gestational age (SGA, N = 12), according to birth weight. IgG subclasses (IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4) were measured by the single radial immunodiffusion technique using monoclonal antibodies. IgG1 and IgG3 newborn subclass concentrations (10.17 and 0.57 g/l, respectively) increased with increasing gestational age and reached maternal levels (IgG1 = 8.86; IgG3 = 0.67 g/l) during the 37th week of pregnancy. Low levels of these subclasses were found in premature newborns. IgG2 from newborns were always lower than maternal levels (P<0.05). LGA and SGA newborns had equivalent levels of IgG1 and IgG2 compared with AGA. SGA newborns had higher levels of IgG3 and lower levels of IgG4 than LGA and AGA newborns.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Immunization, Passive , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Infant, Premature/blood , Placenta/physiology , Infant, Newborn/blood , Immunoglobulin G/classification , Placenta/immunology , Receptors, Fc