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Braz. j. pharm. sci ; 52(3): 555-566, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828270


ABSTRACT The present research work was envisaged to develop bilayer tablets to improve therapeutic efficacy of antibiotic combination for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. The combination of two antibiotics i.e. cefixime trihydrate and ofloxacin were used for the preparation of bilayer tablets which act against genito-urinary infections. The formulations comprise of cefixime trihydrate as immediate release layer formulated using different superdisintegrants and ofloxacin as extended release layer containing HPMC K100M. Evaluation of bilayer tablets were performed for the immediate release cefixime layer and sustain release ofloxacin layer with optimization of excipients. The immediate release layer of cefixime showed complete release within 30 min and ofloxacin release was extended up to 24 hours. The similarity factor value of ofloxacin sustained release layer was found to be 87.01 for initial and 80.35 after 3 months stability when compared with marketed reference product. The present study revealed that cefixime trihydrate and ofloxacin bilayer tablets were successfully developed for the use against sexually transmitted infections.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases/prevention & control , Tablets/pharmacokinetics , Cefixime/pharmacokinetics , Hypromellose Derivatives/pharmacokinetics , Ofloxacin/pharmacokinetics
Braz. j. pharm. sci ; 48(2): 217-225, Apr.-June 2012. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-643014


Bitter taste of ofloxacin, a broad spectrum bactericidal agent, is masked and orally disintegrating tablets were formulated. The bitter taste is masked by forming complex between drug and weak cation exchange resins, Tulsion 335 and Indion 204. Effect of pH and drug:resin ratio on the drug loading was studied. Maximum drug loading was observed at pH 6. Ratio of 1:2 of drug:resin masked almost complete bitterness of ofloxacin. Formation of complexes was confirmed by IR spectroscopy. Physical characterization of taste masked complexes was carried out. Present work envisages the taste masking of ofloxacin and development of orally disintegrating tablets. The effect of pH and resin quantities on drug loading were studied to find the optimum conditions of drug loading for complete taste masking. Effect of superdisintegrants like sodium starch glycolate, croscarmellose sodium and polyplasdone XL at varying level on physical parameters of compressed tablets was also assessed. The formulations containing 5 % w/w polyplasdone XL showed about 90 % of drug release within 5 minutes. No significant differences were observed in the physical parameters of resinates as well as tablets prepared from Tulsion 335 and Indion 204.

O gosto amargo de ofloxacina, agente bactericida de largo espectro, é mascarado e formularam-se comprimidos dispersíveis. O sabor amargo é mascarado pela formação de complexo entre o fármaco e resinas de troca catiônica fraca, Tulsion 335 e Indion 204. Efeito do pH e da proporção fármaco: resina sobre a carga de fármaco foi estudada. Carga de fármaco máxima foi observada em pH 6. Proporção 1:2 do fármaco: resina mascarou quase completamente o gosto amargo de ofloxacina. A formação de complexos foi confirmada por espectroscopia no IV. Caracterização física dos complexos de sabor mascarado foi realizada. O presente trabalho preconiza o mascaramento do gosto de ofloxacina e desenvolvimento decomprimidos por via oral, se desintegrando. O efeito do pH e da resina quantidades de carga de fármaco foram estudadas paraencontrar as condições óptimas de carga de fármaco para dissimulação do saborcompleto. Efeito da superdisintegrants como amido glicolato de sódio, croscarmelose sódica e Polyplasdone XL em diferentes níveis de parâmetros físicos de comprimidos também avaliados foi avaliada. As formulações contendo 5 %w/w Polyplasdone XL mostraram cerca de 90% de libertação do fármaco no prazo de 5 minutos. Não foram observadas diferenças significativas nos parâmetros físicos de resinatosbem como comprimidos preparados a partir de Tulsion 335 e Indion 204.

Ion Exchange Resins/pharmacokinetics , Ofloxacin/analysis , Tablets/pharmacokinetics , Hepatocyte Growth Factor/classification