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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 366-373, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970473

ABSTRACT

An analytical method for 10 mycotoxins in Hippophae Fructus medicinal and edible products was established in this study, and the contamination of their mycotoxins was analyzed. First of all, the mixed reference solution of ten mycotoxins such as aflatoxin, ochratoxin, zearalenone, and dexoynivalenol was selected as the control, and the Hippophae Fructus medicinal and edible products were prepared. Secondly, based on the ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) technology, 10 mycotoxins in Hippophae Fructus medicinal and edible products were quantitatively investigated and their content was determined. Finally, the contamination of mycotoxins was analyzed and evaluated. The optimal analysis conditions were determined, and the methodological inspection results showed that the 10 mycotoxins established a good linear relationship(r>0.99). The method had good repeatability, test sample specificity, stability, and instrument precision. The average recovery rates of 10 mycotoxins in Hippophae Fructus medicinal products, edible solids, and edible liquids were 90.31%-109.4%, 87.86%-107.8%, and 85.61%-109.1%, respectively. Relative standard deviation(RSD) values were 0.22%-10%, 0.75%-13%, and 0.84%-8.5%, repsectively. Based on UPLC-MS/MS technology, the simultaneous determination method for the limits of 10 mycotoxins established in this study has fast detection speed, less matrix interference, high sensitivity, and accurate results, which is suitable for the limit examination of 10 mycoto-xins in Hippophae Fructus medicinal and edible products.


Subject(s)
Mycotoxins/analysis , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Hippophae , Limit of Detection , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
2.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 455-460, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958096

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of physician skills on the success rate of the external cephalic version (ECV) and investigate the learning curve for ECV.Methods:A retrospective study of 97 pregnant women who underwent ECV at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from March 2019 to August 2021 was performed. Patients were divided into multipara and primipara groups. The success rate of ECV and morbidity were compared between the two groups, and the learning curve for ECV was evaluated using cumulative sum analysis (CUSUM).Results:(1) Patients in the multipara group were older than those in the primipara group [(33.0±3.4) vs (29.2±3.0) years, t=-5.57, P<0.001]. No significant difference was found in other baseline data between the two groups. (2) The overall ECV success rate was 61.9% (60/97), and a higher success rate was observed in the multipara group [93.3% (28/30) vs 47.8% (32/67), χ 2=18.24, P<0.001]. Fetal heart rate deceleration (5.2%, 5/97), vaginal bleeding (1.0%, 1/97), premature rupture of membranes (1.0%, 1/97), and fetal distress (1.0%, 1/97) were the main complications. (3) The CUSUM analysis showed that it needed 53 primiparas for a physician to obtain a 50% consistent success rate ( R2=0.91, H=-3.27, Y=52.16) and seven multiparas to achieve a 70% consistent success rate ( R2=0.99, H=-1.635, Y=6.60). Conclusions:Parity and operator skills have a significant influence on the success of ECV. A physician with standardized training will manage non-anesthesia ECV skillfully in full-term and near-term pregnancies after practice on 50 primiparae or approximately ten multiparae. It is recommended to start with the multiparae for learning ECV to build up confidence and promote the implementation of ECV.

3.
The Korean Journal of Orthodontics ; : 372-382, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968768

ABSTRACT

Anterior open bite and transverse discrepancy are often accompanied by hyperdivergent skeletal patterns. In addition, degenerative joint disorders and vertical maxillary excess contribute to an unfavorable convex facial profile with a retruded chin. Correction of this complex three-dimensional problem with orthodontic treatment alone is considered challenging owing to anatomical limitations. Moreover, a history of orthodontic treatment with premolar extraction makes retreatment difficult. This case report illustrates the application of a maxillary tissue bone-borne expander and biocreative reverse curve system in a 23-year-old female patient with a severe anterior open bite and transverse discrepancy who underwent orthodontic treatment with four premolar extractions. By setting the treatment target under precise diagnosis and using appropriate appliances, a satisfactory treatment result could be achieved without orthognathic surgery.

4.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 685-688, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911951

ABSTRACT

We describe a case of spontaneous conception following ovarian stimulation, in which a singleton pregnancy was revealed by ultrasound at 17 gestational weeks, with a multi-cystic "honeycomb" pattern in part of the placenta. With close monitoring, the patient delivered a healthy male neonate through cesarean section at 38 gestational weeks. The clinical findings, combined with ultrasound, laboratory, pathological, and immunohistochemistry examination, and short tandem repeat genotyping, confirmed a twin pregnancy consisting of a complete mole and coexisting fetus. No obvious abnormalities were found in the mother or the boy during a four-and-a-half-year's follow-up.

5.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 265-268, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756107

ABSTRACT

As a metabolic disease, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is characterized by abnormality in both glucolipid metabolism and energy conversion, which might severely impair the maternal and child health. Metabolomics, together with genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics, are emerging research technology focusing on the overall physiological and pathological states of the body system. This article summarized the advances of researches in metabolomics in GDM from the perspective of methodology to the research prospect in this field.

6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 553-559, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941662

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of the vacuum-formed retainer on preventing the proximal contact loss between the implant supported crown and its adjacent natural teeth.@*METHODS@#Forty-six posterior implant crowns in the mandible including 92 interproximal contacts in 46 patients (19 men, 27 women) aged from 25 to 66 years were included. The participants in experimental group (22 cases) were vacuum-formed retainers at night, while participants in control group (24 cases) only received routine examination. The two groups were not different in age, gender, the time interval of the tooth loss and tooth position at baseline. Mesial and distal proximal contact tightness was measured using the orthodontic dynamometer and metallic articulating film immediately after crown delivery, and 1-month, 3-month, 6-month, and 1-year follow-up respectively. The articulating film was inserted interdentally from the occlusal direction, and then it was slowly removed in the buccallingual direction by the dynamometer. Increasing the number of films (N) piece by piece until the frictional force (F) was great than 0, and the number of films (N) was recorded. At each follow-up, proximal contact between implant crown and its adjacent teeth was considered to be loss if the number of films (N) used at immediate crown delivery passed without frictional force (F=0). Besides, the periodontal conditions [scored according to the probing depth (PD), bleeding index (BI), mobility (M)] and complaint of food impaction were recorded. The mesial and distal proximal contact loss rates were compared between the two groups at different times. Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#The proximal contact loss rate on the mesial surface of the implant supported crown continuously increased over the follow-up periods. At the end of the 1-, 3-, and 6-month follow ups, 18.2%, 22.7% and 27.3% were identified for the contact loss rates on the mesial surface of the implant supported crown in the experimental group, respectively. Meanwhile in control group, the rates were 20.8%, 37.5% and 45.8%. No significant differences were observed at the end of the 1-, 3-, and 6-month follow ups(1-month: χ2=0.000, P=1.000; 3-month: χ2=1.183, P=0.277; 6-month: χ2=1.697, P=0.193). The proximal contact loss rate on the mesial surface in control group (62.5%) was significantly higher than that in the experimental group (31.8%, χ2=4.330, P=0.037) at the end of the 1-year follow-up. However, no statistical difference was found on the distal surfaces between the two groups during the whole follow-up periods. The first open contact was noted 1 month after crown insertion.@*CONCLUSION@#By wearing vacuum-formed retainer for one year, the incidence of open contacts between the posterior implant prostheses and mesial adjacent teeth in the mandible has been reduced.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Crowns , Dental Implants, Single-Tooth , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Follow-Up Studies , Mandible , Mouth, Edentulous , Periodontal Diseases , Tooth , Tooth Loss , Vacuum
7.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 914-919, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507649

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the reference intervals for thyroid function tests during the second half of pregnancy (20-40 gestational weeks),and to assess the relationship between thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) levels and the incidence of gestational thyroid diseases.Methods Levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH),free thyroxine (FT4),TPOAb and urinary iodine excretion were determined in 4 729 pregnant women,who received prenatal health care at First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from July 2011 to August 2013.Among these women,2 568 were selected using the recommendations of the American National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry,and were divided into five groups according to their gestational age:≥ 20 to <24 weeks (682 cases),≥ 24 to <28 weeks (1 322 cases),≥ 28 to <32 weeks (178 cases),≥ 32 to <36 weeks (185 cases) and ≥ 36 to ≤ 40 weeks (201 cases).Reference intervals of thyroid function tests in the second half of pregnancy were calculated.The reference values of thyroid functions in different gestational weeks were compared,and the reference intervals of thyroid functions in the second half of pregnancy were determined.The effects of maternal age and positive TPOAb on gestational thyroid diseases were analyzed.A non-parametric test,analysis of variance or Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.Results (1) Reference intervals for maternal thyroid function in the second half of pregnancy in our hospital were established [TSH:0.65-5.27 mU/L and FT4:8.74-14.84 pmol/L].(2) The percentage of thyroid diseases was higher using the non-pregnancy reference intervals (TSH:0.27-4.20 mU/L and FT4:12.00-22.00 pmol/L) than using the pregnancy reference intervals [64.0% (3 025/4 729) vs 16.1% (763/4 729),x2=47.465,P < 0.01],which manifested as a higher rate of clinical hypothyroidism and simple hypothyroxinemia [5.4% (255/4 729) vs 0.4% (20/4 729),x2=14.321;54.1% (2 560/4 729) vs 9.1% (429/4 729),x2=47.108;both P<0.01] and a lower rate of subclinical and clinical hyperthyroidism [1.2% (58/4 729) vs 3.3% (155/4 729),x2=6.650;0.3% (13/4 729) vs 0.6% (27/4 729),x2=2.062;both P<0.05].(3) The incidence of clinical hypothyroidism and simple hypothyroxinemia in pregnant women aged >30 years was higher than in those aged ≤ 30 years [0.7% (10/1 377) vs 0.3% (10/3 352),x2=4.257;11.7% (161/1 377) vs 8.0% (268/3 352),x2=16.102;both P<0.05].The incidence of clinical hypothyroidism and clinical hyperthyroidism in TPOAb positive women was higher than that in TPOAb negative women [2.7% (9/335) vs 0.3% (11/4 394),x2=44.009;3.9% (13/335) vs 1.2% (52/4 394),x2=16.784;both P<0.01].Conclusions The established pregnancy-specific reference ranges of thyroid function tests can reduce the missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis of gestational thyroid diseases.Maternal age >30 years and positive TPOAb may increase the risk ofgestational thyroid diseases.

8.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 838-842, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483118

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze reasons for unplanned return-to-theater obstetrical surgery in patients with placenta previa, and to propose a strategy for prevention.Methods Among 571 patients with placenta previa in the Department of Obstetrics, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2010 to January 2015, ten cases (1.75%) who had an unplanned return-to-theater obstetrical surgery were retrospectively analyzed.Results Seven out of the ten cases returned to the theater due to severe hemorrhage after cesarean section and hysterectomy or uterine artery embolization was performed.The rest three pregnancies were terminated at mid-term with amniotic injection of rivanol, two of which developed severe infection after the induction combined with uterine artery embolization followed by cesarean section,and the other one finally had an emergent hysterectomy due to severe postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section because of intrapartum hemorrhage.Severe postpartum hemorrhage occurred in eight out of the ten cases, with a mean volume of (4 212± 1 651) ml.Blood loss between the original and return-to-theater surgery was (2 206± 736) ml.In these eight cases, the mean volume of erythrocyte suspension transfusion was (23.7±9.0) U, and [M(min-max)] 1 845(390 3 960) ml for plasma transfusion.Platelet transfusion was performed in five cases, cryoprecipitate transfusion in eight cases, serum albumin transfusion in six cases, and fibrinogen transfusion in five cases.The interval between original and return-to-theater surgery was 2.0(0.5-19.0) h.After the return-to theater surgery, the time of antibiotic use was (9.2±2.3) d, and the duration of hospital stays was (10.6±2.5) d.No patient required further re-operation, and all were discharged without long-term sequelae.All seven neonates had a good prognosis.Conclusions Severe postpartum hemorrhage in patients after initial operation because of placenta previa is the primary indication for unplanned return-totheater surgery.Closed postoperative monitoring, early recognition and expedite return-to-theater surgery are crucial to stop bleeding and save lifes.

9.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 501-504, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416517

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively detect circulating DNA levels in the plasma of patients withcervical lesion and to determine the value for diagnosis of cervical lesion and cervical cancer . Methods Preoperative blood samples were collected from 53 cases of low-grade lesions, 49 cases of high-grade lesions, 44 cases of cervical invasive cancer and 70 cases of healthy women. Plasma DNA was extracted by magnetic bead method (BILATEST DNA kit). The quantity of plasma DNA was determined by duplex real-time quantitative PCR. Results Median plasma DNA level of invasive cervical cancer patients was 61. 59 mg/L (32. 06 - 162. 16 mg/L) , which was significantly higher than that of healthy women [16. 35 mg/L(11. 98 -22.71 mg/L), P 0. 05). Median plasma DNA level of stage I patients was lower than that of stage Ⅱ- Ⅲ patients (46. 02 versus 71. 35 mg/L, P <0. 05). Conclusion Quantitatively detecting plasma circulating DNA may be with some application prospect in the diagnosis of cervical diseases.

10.
Korean Journal of Nephrology ; : 173-177, 1997.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188083

ABSTRACT

Spontaneous hemorrhage in the patients undergoing hemodialysis is the ralatively common problem, but spontaneous mediastinal hemorrhage in such patients reported only few cases. We experienced a case of spontaneous mediastinal hemorrhage in chronic hemodialysis patient who complained of continuous pleuritic chest pain and mild dyspnea. The diagnosis was made dy chest computed tomography,magnetic resonance imaging and percutaneous fine needle aspiration of liquified dark reddish old blood material guided by ultrasonography. Treatment is usually conservative, with blood volume replacement and intensive hemodialysis using regional heparinization. We report on a patient undergoing hemodialysis due to endstage renal disease who developed spontaneous mediastinal hemorrhage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Blood Volume , Chest Pain , Diagnosis , Dyspnea , Hemorrhage , Heparin , Renal Dialysis , Thorax , Ultrasonography
11.
Journal of Korean Society of Endocrinology ; : 321-327, 1997.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-122486

ABSTRACT

The relationship between hypercalcemic crisis and pancreatitis, first described in patients with hyperparathyroidism, still remains controversial. Acute pancreatitis may complicate the clinical course of hyperparathyroidism, particularly when the degree of hypercalcemia is severe. The incidence of hyperparathyroidism presenting as acute pancreatitis appears to be steadily decreasing, possibly reflecting the earlier diagnosis of asymptomatic hyperparaparathyroidism due to widespread application of screening methods. Here, we report two patients with primary hyperparathyroidism manifesting clinically as acute pancreatitis. One patient died of progessive pancreatitis and uncontrolled sepsis. The other patient was fullly recovered by emergent parathyroidectomy followed by medical management of hypercalcemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diagnosis , Hypercalcemia , Hyperparathyroidism , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , Incidence , Mass Screening , Pancreatitis , Parathyroidectomy , Sepsis
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