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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911464

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the efficacy and safety of Daratumumab for the treatment of primary AL light chain systemic amyloidosis.Methods:Twenty one patients who were diagnosed as primary AL light chain systemic amyloidosis and treated with Daratumumab from 7 centers were retrospectively analyzed. Daratumumab was administrated as first line therapy in seven patients and 14 patients with relapsed settings. Hematological response, safety and survival were analyzed.Results:All 7 patients achieved very good partial response (VGPR) or better with first-line application of daratumumab. Three patients died, and the other four achieved organ remission. Among 14 relapsed patients, 2 patients had a difference of free light chain (dFLC) less than 20 mg/L before treatment, and 9 with a dFLC of more than 50 mg/L. All patients reached partial response (PR) or better, including 4 patients with complete response (CR), 3 with VGPR and 2 with PR. The response rate was 100% in 3 patients with dFLC 20-50 mg/L at baseline. The organ remission rate was 50% in patients with heart involvement and 58.3% in patients with kidney impairment. The overall median follow-up period was 5.3 months, and 11 months in surviving patients. One patient died of severe infection and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) with stable amyloidosis. One patient switched to other regimens because dFLC elevated but did not fulfill progressive disease after 2 year application. As to safety, no grade 3/4 infusion reaction developed, and grade 1 infusion reaction occurred in 3 cases during the first infusion. Lymphocytopenia was seen in 75% patients including grade 3 or more in 30% patients.Conclusion:Daratumumab is effective to eliminate serum free light chain in both newly diagnosed and relapsed patients with systemic amyloidosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885138

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate risk factors and available treatments of extramedullary relapse (EMR) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in patients with myeloid leukemia.Methods:A total of 280 patients were retrospectively analyzed from January 2008 to December 2018 in Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Clinical data were collected including disease patterns, pre-transplantation status, chromosome karyotype, conditioning regimen, types of donor, extramedullary disease before transplantation and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The log-rank test and Cox proportional hazard model were uesd for univariate analysis and multivariate analysis, respectively.Results:Twenty patients developed EMR (7.14%). The median time of EMR was 7.5 (1-123) months after allo-HSCT. The mortality of EMR was 80% (16/20). Univariate analysis identified disease patterns, second complete remission (CR2) or progressive disease before transplantation, extramedullary disease, abnormal karyotype and conditioning regimen without total body radiation as significant factors correlated to EMR ( P<0.05). Multi-variable analysis revealed that CR2 or progressive disease ( RR=3.468,95% CI 2.189-7.786), abnormal karyotype ( RR=1.494,95% CI 1.020-2.189) and extramedullary disease before transplantation ( RR=8.627,95% CI 3.921-18.452) were independent risk factors of EMR. Conclusions:The clinical outcome of EMR after allo-HSCT is poor.It is crucial to comprehensively assess and identify EMR as early as possible.

3.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 419-422, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862856

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy of the serial treatment with autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation after bortezomib and dexamethasone-based triple chemotherapy regimen and followed by lenalidomide and intermittent intensive therapy in primary plasma cell leukemia.Methods:A retrospective analysis was made on the clinical data of one patient who was diagnosed as primary plasma cell leukemia with complex karyotype in April 2018 in Henan Cancer Hospital, and the relevant literature was reviewed.Results:The patient received multiple cycles of bortezomib and dexamethasone-based triple chemotherapy regimen, then received autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, lenalidomide and intermittent intensive therapy. The patient eventually achieved complete remission and the progression-free survival time was 18 months until the day before the deadline for this article.Conclusion:The treatment with autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation after bortezomib and dexamethasone-based triple chemotherapy regimen and followed by lenalidomide and intermittent intensive therapy may improve the prognosis of patients with primary plasma cell leukemia and prolong the survival time.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 753-756, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791680

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical experience of primary bladder lymphoma.Methods From September 2012 to May 2019,8 cases of primary bladder lymphoma treated in our institute were analyzed retrospectively,including 4 males and 4 females.The mean age was 50.5 years old,ranged from 15 to 85.There were 3 cases of localized bladder lymphoma and 5 cases of metastatic bladder lymphoma.Three cases presented with painless gross hematuria primarily and 5 cases suffered from abdominal pain and bloating.Imaging examination showed the bladder tumor or pelvic mass with maximum diameter ranged from 3 to 22 cm,with 11.3 cm on average.Preoperative diagnosis of bladder tumor in 3 cases,and pelvic malignant tumor in 5 cases.Two patients underwent TURBT and 6 cases underwent pelvic mass resection and partial cystectomy.Results Postoperative pathological diagnosis showed 6 cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma,1 case of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma,1 case of anaplastic large cell lymphoma.Follow-up after surgery ranged 3 to 60 months,with 28.1 months on average.Two patients can not tolerate radiotherapy or chemotherapy for postoperative complications of vesico-vaginal fistula and intestinal fistula,and both were alive at the last follow-up.Six patients underwent CHOP regimen (cyclophosphamide,doxorubicin,vincristine,prednisone),3 cases were addd with rituximab.Three patients died during the follow-up.One 85-year-old patient died 10 months after surgery.Two cases of metastatic bladder lymphoma died 3 or 6 months after surgery respectively.Three cases were alive after chemotherapy,including 2 young patients undergoing chemotherapy with DICE regime and one patient undergoing pelvic radiotherapy.Conclusion The primary bladder lymphoma has no special clinical symptoms,and TURBT and needle biopsy are critical for the diagnosis,based on the pathological and immunohistochemical examination.The most common pathological type is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.RCHOP chemotherapy is recommended,which can be followed by DICE regime for young patients.Metastasis and aging predict poor prognosis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 132-135, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734583

ABSTRACT

Objective To review the experience of the clinical diagnosis and treatment of primary testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.Methods A review was made who were treated in the Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2011 to November 2018.The average age of the patients was 58 years old,with 4 cases in left side and 8 cases in right side.All patients were admitted to hospital with painless testicle mass.Solid mass of testis were detected by ultrasound with no abnormality in tumor markers.All patients underwent orchiectomy and followed by chemotherapy.Results Twelve primary testicular lymphoma (PTL) were identified by pathology,with 8 cases in phase Ⅰ,2 cases in phase Ⅱ,1 case in phase Ⅲ,and 1 case in phase Ⅳ.The mean follow-up was 31 months.Inguinal orchiectomy was recommended as a diagnositc and initial therapy.All patients underwent R-CHOP/CHOP chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide,doxorubicin,vincristine and prednisone with or without rituximab,including 6 cases with R-CHOP and 6 cases with CHOP.Nine of 12 patients underwent intrathecal prophylatic chemotherapy and 6 of 12 patients underwent contralateral testicle radiotherapy.Relapse occured in 2 patient with CHOP in central nervous system and died of the disease.One case with CHOP relapsed in abdominal cavity.No contralateral testicle relapse was observed.Conclusions PTL is a rare extranodal lymphoma.Painless testicle tumor in men over 50 years old should suspect of this disease.Inguinal orchiectomy is an important part of the treatment,which combines systemic chemotherapy and prophylactic modalities such as radiotherapy of contralateral testis and/or central nervous system (CNS) prophylaxis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755908

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of unrelated donor allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for leukemic children .Methods Clinical data of 54 leukemic children undergoing allo-HSCT were retrospectively analyzed from May 2006 to March 2018 .According to the source of donor ,they were divided into matched sibling donor allo-HSCT group (MSD ,n = 27 ) and unrelated donor group (URD ,n= 27) .The clinical outcomes of leukemic children receiving URD allo- HSCT were assessed and those in MSD allo-HSCT group were enrolled as control .Results One patient with refractory AML was not implanted in URD group and the remaining 53 cases were successful in hematopoietic reconstitution .The time of neutrophil and platelet ,the incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD ) , chronic GVHD (cGVHD ) , generalized cGVHD and their transplant-related complications including pulmonary complications ,hemorrhagic cystitis between two groups were not statistically different (P> 0 .05) .The incidence of serious aGVHD ,cytomegalovirus (CMV) and EB virus (EBV) infection was significantly higher in URD group than that in MSD group (P< 0 .05) .The proportion of non-recurrent deaths in URD and MSD groups was 80% and 31 .3% respectively and the difference between two groups was statistically significant ( P = 0 .041) .The 3- year disease-free survival rate (DFS) of URD group and MSD group was (52 .9 ± 9 .8 )% ,(38 .5 ± 8 .7 )% and the overall 3-year survival rate (OS) was (57 .9 ± 9 .5)% and (46 .5 ± 9 .7)% respectively . The inter-group difference was not statistically significant ( P > 0 .05 ) .Conclusions In leukemic children ,although the incidence of complications post URD allo-HSCT is significantly increased , the prognosis is comparable to MSD allo-HSCT .It is a good choice when there is no suitable sibling donor .

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800767

ABSTRACT

The efficacy and safety of co-transplantation of unrelated donor peripheral blood stem cells (UD-PBSCs) combined with umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) in refractory severe aplastic anemia-Ⅱ(RSAA-Ⅱ) were analyzed retrospectively. Fifteen patients with RSAA-Ⅱ underwent UD-PBSCs and UC-MSCs co-transplantation, among whom 14 cases had hematopoietic reconstitution without severe graft versus-host disease (GVHD). The 5-year overall survival rate was 78.57%. Combination of UD-PBSCs and UC-MSCs transplantation could be a safe and effective option for RSAA-Ⅱ.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 726-731, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797981

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of mesenchymal stem cells in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for patients with refractory severe aplastic anemia (R-SAA) .@*Method@#The clinical data of 25 R-SAA patients receiving co-transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells combined with peripheral blood stem cells from sibling donors (10 cases) and unrelated donors (15 cases) from March 2010 to July 2018 in Zhengzhou University Affiliated Tumor Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) treatment was ineffective/relapsed in 11 cases, and cyclosporine (CsA) treatment ineffective/relapsed in 14 cases.@*Results@#There were 13 male and 12 female among these patients. One patient had a primary graft failure, one patient had a poorly engraftment of platelets, and the remaining 23 patients achieved hematopoietic engraftment. The median time of granulocyte engraftment was 12.5 (10-23) days and 15 (11-25) days for megakaryocyte. Incidences of grade Ⅰ/Ⅱ acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) were 37.5% (9/24) and 21.7% (5/23) , respectively. There was no severe GVHD and no severe complications that related to transplantation. 21 of 25 (84%) patients were alive with a median follow-up of 22.9 (1.6-107.8) months. The 5-year overall survival rate after transplantation was (83.6±7.5) %.@*Conclusion@#The combination of mesenchymal stem cells is reliable and safe in the treatment of R-SAA in peripheral blood stem cell transplantation of unrelated donors and sibling donors, which could significantly reduce the incidence of GVHD and severe transplantation-related complications.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 753-756, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796748

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the clinical experience of primary bladder lymphoma.@*Methods@#From September 2012 to May 2019, 8 cases of primary bladder lymphoma treated in our institute were analyzed retrospectively, including 4 males and 4 females. The mean age was 50.5 years old, ranged from 15 to 85. There were 3 cases of localized bladder lymphoma and 5 cases of metastatic bladder lymphoma. Three cases presented with painless gross hematuria primarily and 5 cases suffered from abdominal pain and bloating. Imaging examination showed the bladder tumor or pelvic mass with maximum diameter ranged from 3 to 22 cm, with 11.3 cm on average. Preoperative diagnosis of bladder tumor in 3 cases, and pelvic malignant tumor in 5 cases. Two patients underwent TURBT and 6 cases underwent pelvic mass resection and partial cystectomy.@*Results@#Postoperative pathological diagnosis showed 6 cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 1 case of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, 1 case of anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Follow-up after surgery ranged 3 to 60 months, with 28.1 months on average. Two patients can not tolerate radiotherapy or chemotherapy for postoperative complications of vesico-vaginal fistula and intestinal fistula, and both were alive at the last follow-up. Six patients underwent CHOP regimen (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone), 3 cases were addd with rituximab. Three patients died during the follow-up. One 85-year-old patient died 10 months after surgery. Two cases of metastatic bladder lymphoma died 3 or 6 months after surgery respectively. Three cases were alive after chemotherapy, including 2 young patients undergoing chemotherapy with DICE regime and one patient undergoing pelvic radiotherapy.@*Conclusion@#The primary bladder lymphoma has no special clinical symptoms, and TURBT and needle biopsy are critical for the diagnosis, based on the pathological and immunohistochemical examination. The most common pathological type is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. R-CHOP chemotherapy is recommended, which can be followed by DICE regime for young patients. Metastasis and aging predict poor prognosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710050

ABSTRACT

To explore the efficacy and influencing factors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in patients with myeloid leukemia and granulocytic sarcoma (GS).Clinical outcome including hematopoietic reconstitution,transplant-related complications,survival and relapse were collected and retrospectively analyzed in 9 patients with myeloid leukemia and GS after allo-HSCT.Hematopoiesis reconstitution was achieved in all the 9 recipients.Four cases developed acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD),and 1 with chronic GVHD.The median follow-up time after transplantation was 10(4-81) months.Only 2 cases survived,the other 7 died of relapse.The median time of relapse after transplantation was 5(3-19) months.Allo-HSCT is relatively effective treatment for patients with myeloid leukemia and GS.Relapse after transplantation remains the major factor of mortality.

11.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 129-134, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691620

ABSTRACT

Multiple myeloma (MM), the second malignancy of the hematological system, is still untreatable. With the continuous advent of novel targeted therapies, new treatment strategies for MM patients altered, response rate and mitigation depth have also been greatly improved. At the 59th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting, a number of bio-targeted therapies for MM were updated, especially with the combination of various new agents and cell biology therapy. Combined with reports in the 59th ASH Annual Meeting, this paper summarizes the progress of targeted therapy in MM.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618626

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the effectiveness of unrelated donor (URD) allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in the treatment of severe aplastic anemia (SAA),and the difference between URD allo-HSCT and matched sibling donor (MSD) allo-HSCT.Methods According to the source of donors,the SAA patients subject to allo-HSCT were divided into MSD allo-HSCT group (MSD group) and URD allo-HSCT group (URD group) from October 2001 to December 2016 in Henan Cancer Hospital.The efficacy and transplantation related complications were compared between two groups.Results There were no statistically significant differences in hematopoietic reconstitution and graft rejection between two groups.The incidence of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute GVHD and chronic GVHD was higher in the URD group than in the MSD group (30.76% vs.8.57%,P =0.026;26.92% vs.5.71%,P =0.021).However,other transplant-related complications including pulmonary complications and hemorrhagic cystitis,incidence of EBV and CMV reactivation and venous occlusive disease showed no significant difference between two groups.The estimated 5-year over survival was (73.6 ± 8.7) % in the MSD group and (72.7 ± 9.5) % in the URD group (P =0.878).There was no significant difference in 5-year disease-free survival between two groups (73.6 ± 8.7% vs.70.3 ± 10.2,P =0.668).Conclusion URD-HSCT is a novel treatment approach and could be considered as first-line therapy in selected patients without MSD.

13.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 709-713, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506831

ABSTRACT

Numerous targeted therapies emerged into clinical trials, which improved the response rate and life quality of multiple myeloma (MM) patients. Series latest developments at targeted therapy for MM patients were reported on 58th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting, especially the results of combination with these novel agents showed a major highlight of this meeting. The advances in the novel targeted and biological therapies will be summarized in this paper.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475955

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of establishment of NOD/SCID-mouse model with multiple myeloma by using plasma cells from myeloma patients.Methods The femurs and tibias were removed from the New Zealand white rabbits;the muscles,periosteum and cartilage tissues were cleared.Then each bone was cut into two pieces gently along its middle.The NOD/SCID mice weighing 25 - 30 g (4 - 6 weeks)were anesthetized by intraperitoneal injection;rabbit bone was inserted into the right side of the mouse back and engraftment of the bones was allowed to take place after 4 weeks.The 5000 000 purified plasma cells which expressed CD38 +/CD45 - were immunofluorescence labeled and then injected slowly into the implanted rabbit bone through the distal end.The mice were observed weekly;the plasma cells growth in mice was screened by the living-imaging system and the tumor from the mice was determined by biopsy.Results The implanted rabbit bone survived after 4 weeks.The tumor in mice was observed 2 weeks after the purified myeloma cells were injected into the rabbit bone,and it reached 100 mm3 after 8 weeks.Results of the living-imaging system showed that the myeloma cells had uptake in the rabbit bone after 2 weeks of injection and this phenomenon was more pronounced after 8 weeks of injection (2.4×10 4 vs .1.5× 10 5 ,P < 0.05 ).The tumor infiltrated with numerous plasma cells and osteoclasts increased upon the biopsy. Conclusion Rabbit bone marrow implanted into NOD/SCID mice can effectively support local injection of plasma cells of multiple myeloma patients,and the NOD/SCID-mouse model of myeloma has been established.This model can be used to study in vivo experiments related to myeloma and clinical therapeutic approaches for this disease.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 295-299, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238828

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy and adverse events of adjusted BACOD (bleomycin, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, dexamethasone) regimen (continuous intravenous infusion) and conventional BACOD regimen (conventional intravenous drip) in the treatment of relapsed and refractory diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Retrospective analysis of 63 cases of relapsed or refractory DLBCL patients was performed, 32 patients received conventional BACOD regimen and 31 patients received adjusted BACOD regimen.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The response rates for adjusted group and conventional group were 87.1%(27/31)and 62.5%(20/32), respectively, during a median follow-up of 14(7-84) months. The difference was statistically significant between the two groups (P=0.025). The main adverse events were myelosuppression, gastrointestinal adverse reactions were rarely serious, and there were no serious liver and kidney toxicity. The median overall survival (OS) was 33 months for adjusted group and 12 months for conventional group, there was statistical differences (P=0.019). The median progression free survival (PFS) was 11 months and 8 months for two groups, the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.095). 1-year survival rates were 68.8% for adjusted group and 44.3% for conventional group, there were no statistical differences (P=0.055). The expected 3- and 5-year survival rates of adjusted group were significantly higher than that of conventional group (47.1% vs 12.8%, P=0.002; 37.7% vs 8.5%, P=0.006, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared with the conventional BACOD regimen, the adjusted BCOAD regimen is effective and well tolerated in patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL, the overall response rate and OS increased.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bleomycin , Cyclophosphamide , Dexamethasone , Doxorubicin , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Vincristine
16.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 223-225, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467748

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characterstics of bone Langerhans-cell histiocytosis (LCH) and evaluate its diagnosis,therapy and prognosis.Methods 25 cases with biopsy confirmed bone LCH during the last 8 years were retrospectively analyzed.Results The patients included 18 males and 7 females,13 children and 12 adults,ranging from 1.5 to 55 years old with a median age of 17.Cases with unifocal lesions were 17,including 11 cases of skull LCH,and the remaining 8 were with multifocal lesions.First symptoms were predominantly pain and local masses,and rarely constitutional symptoms.The manifestation of radiography was osteolytic bony lesions.12 cases had masses in soft tissues.Patients with solitary lesions underwent surgical operation,followed by radiotherapy or chemotherapy.Cases with multifocal lesions received chemotherapy and radiotherapy.Pathological examination showed proliferation of well differentiated histiocytes,and large numbers of infiltrating eosinophils.Positive rates of CD1a,S100,Vimentin and CD68 were higher in immunohistochemistry.Patients with restricted involvement in bones can achieve a satisfactory therapeutic effect.2 cases died when multiple systems were compromised.Conclusion Bone LCH occurs predominantly in children and teenagers,involves solitary bones,and morbidities in males are much higher than females.Skull is most commonly affected.Principal clinical manifestations are pain and local masses.Diagnosis of bone LCH depends on microscopic examination.Combination therapy appears to be an effective method of treatment.Prognosis of disease is related to the degree of bone involvement,histological classification and simultaneously encroachment of other organs.Most patients have good prognosis.

17.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 261-263, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471674

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the efficacy and adverse events of L-asparaginasum plus DICE regimen in the treatment of relapsed and refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Methods Thirty-one patients with relapsed and refractory NHL were treated with L-asparaginasum plus DICE regimen. Each patient was scheduled to receive 2 to 6 cycles.Results Among the 31 assessable patients,11 (35.5 %) achieved a complete remission (CR),14(45.2 %) got a partial remission (PR),2 were stable,4 were progressive.The overall response (CR + PR) rate was 80.7 %.The median survival was 8 months (rang:2-38 months).The 1-year survival rate was 43.3 %,the 2-year survival rate was 32.5 %.The main adverse events were myelosuppression,digestive tract reaction,allergy and edema.No treatment-related death was observed.Conclusion The L-asparaginasum plus DICE regimen is effective and safe for the relapsed and refractory NHL.

18.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 477-480, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472028

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize and evaluate the incidence,etiology,diagnostic and therapeutic method of hepatic dysfunction after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods 83 blood disease patients who undergoing allo-HSCT from 2006 to 2010 in the affiliated cancer hospital of Zhengzhou university.Among those who suffered from Ⅱ-Ⅳ grade hepatic dysfunction,the incidence,the ratio of different causes,clinical feature and diagnostic method were evaluated.The difference of causes of hepatic dysfunction in different period,the therapeutic method and curative effect were also analysed.Results Among 83 patients undergoing allo-HSCT,45 patients suffered from Ⅱ-Ⅳ grade hepatic dysfunction,the ratio was 54.2 %.For etiology,7 were preconditioning,9 were cyclosporine (CsA),2 were hepatic venoocclusive disease (HVOD),24 were hepatic graft versus host disease (GVHD),2 was hepatic B virus (HBV)reactivation,1 was mutiple organ failure.20 cases (44.4 %) occurred in one month after allo-HSCT with the main etiology of drug hepatotoxicity.13 cases (28.9 %) occurred from one month to 100 days after allo-HSCT,while 12 cases (26.7 %) occurred from 101 days to one year with the main etiology of both hepatic GVHD.27 cases were cured and 10 were improved after treatment.2 cases were not cured and 6 cases died from relapse of the primary disease,or else from the complication of allo-HSCT.Conclusion Hepatic dysfunction is an common complication after allo-HSCT,drug hepatotoxicity and hepatic GVHD are the major causes.The relativity between hepatic dysfunction and period after allo-HSCT is a important reference for diagnosis.It will produce desired result to choose proper therapeutic method based on etiology.

19.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 100-102, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471687

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the efficacy and safety of moderate-dose of etoposide (VP16) with granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) for mobilization of peripheral blood stem/progenitor cells.Methods VP16 at 1.2 g/m2 was injected intravenously by six divided doses via a central vein, 2 times every 12 hours for 3 days in 31 patients with malignant lymphoma (30 non-Hodgkin lymphoma and 1 Hodgkin lymphoma). All patients received G-CSF 5 μg/kg were given twice daily subcutaneously from the day of the nadir of white blood cell (WBC) till the day before the last APBSC harvest. Results The mean time for the collection of stem cell was 12 days (10-15) following etoposide chemotherapy. The mean number of mononuclear cell (MNC) and CD+34 cells in collection were 7.8×108/kg (5.2-11.3×108) and 7.2×106/kg (5.3-13.1×106). respectively. 18 patients completed collection with a single apheresis, and 13 patients underwenttwice. All patients were recovered for haematopoiesis in following APBSCT. Median (range) time for the recovery of absolute neutrophil count (ANC)>0.5×109/L and platelet>20×109/L were+12 (+9-+18) days and +14 (+10-+21) days respectively. Slight adverse events coursed by the regimen could be tolerated. Conclusion VP16 at moderate dose with G-CSF is an effective and safe mobilizing regimen for autologous peripheral blood stem/progenitor cells in patients with malignant lymphoma. It was suggested to use extensively.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471686

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the treatment effect by addition of granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) that could reduce the level of residual disease in patients with Ph-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who appeared to have achieved a suboptimal response to imatinib (IM) alone. Methods Eleven patients with CML who had achieved≥ 35 % Ph-negativity on treatment of IM were enrolled. The initial dose of imatinib was 400 mg or 600 mg orally daily, and G-CSF, 5 μg/kg subcutaneously daily. The administration of G-CSF was postponed or interrupted in the event of leukocytosis (leukocytes ≥ 30 ×109/L) until the whitecell count fell <20 × 109/L. Efficacy was assessed by serial monitoring of blood levels of bcr-abl transcripts.Treatment with G-CSF was discontinued if the patient did not achieve a reduction in the transcript level of at least 0.5 log after 6 months. For patients whose bcr-abl transcript levels continued to decline but had not yet reached molecular remission, treatment was designed to continue for 1 to 6 months. Results Of 11 evaluable patients, nine had an appreciable decline in bcr-abl transcript levels(include 7 cases the reduction was greater than 1 log and 2 cases the reduction was greater than 0.5 log), 2 cases the reduction was lower than 0.5 log.In 7 cases the reduction was greater than 1 log, including five patients who did not achieved complete cytogenetic response and two patients achieved complete molecular responses. No bleeding episodes occurred.No patient discontinued therapy because of toxicity and there were no treatment-related deaths. Conclusion The addition of G-CSF should be considered safely and successfully for patients who fail to obtain optimal response to IM alone and this approach deserves further evaluation.

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