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Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-208038


Background: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency, skills level of health care service providers; to identify complications and difficulties related to the implementation of AMTPC/GATPA.Methods: It was about prospective study, descriptive of 6 months (1st March to 31st August 2014) carried out in the maternity hospitals of Faranah, Kindia, Mamou and Nzérékoré. It concerned the parturient women who had recently given birth and the personnel that carried out AMTPC/GATPA in these hospitals.Results: During the study period of 1,254 out of 1,305 births had benefited of AMTPC/GATPA, a frequency of 96.1%. The midwives were the most represented personnel in the implementation of GATPA (44.1%). In 46.4% of the cases, the health care service providers acquired this competence from the initial training. The release was obtained in the first trial in 64.9% cases. The duration of implementation of GATPA was less than 5 minutes in 72.6% cases. The different stages were respected in 91.5% cases. Complications were dominated by retention of placental fragments (10.2%). Lack of oxytocin was the main difficulty (36.6%).Conclusions: The sustainability of this achievement would depend on the systematic and correct implementation of AMTPC/GATPA at all childbirth attendants and the effective management of oxytocin.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207794


Background: The iterative caesarean section, is a caesarean section that is performed on a uterus already healed, therefore for fear of maternal and perinatal risks, is recognized as one of the main causes of the inflation of caesarean section in the world. One in three caesarean sections is performed because of a scar uterus. Objective of this study was to analyse the epidemiological and clinical factors of iterative caesarean sections in the gynecology-obstetrics department at the Teaching Hospital of Cocody (Abidjan).Methods: This was a retrospective and descriptive study conducted from June 1st, 2018 to May 31st, 2019, including 349 iterative caesarean section cases.Results: The first iterative C-section accounted for 16.1% of the C-section indications during the study period. The average age of the patients was 30 years. Nearly half of the patients practiced in the informal sector 47.9%, were uneducated in 38.1% of cases and lived with a partner in 73.1% of cases. The majority of patients in this series 75.1% performed at least 4 ANCs. Patients were followed by prenatal visits in 61% of cases by midwives and in 8.6% of cases had an inter-reproductive space of less than 18 months. This study patients were evacuated in 46.4% of cases. Acute fetal distress was the first indication of first iterative caesarean section with 20.3% of cases. Emergency caesarean sections accounted for 84.4% of the cases in this series. Authors found maternal death 0.3% and 6.7% perinatal mortality.Conclusions: The iterative caesarean section is a caesarean section likely to cause difficulties and complications per- operative. Although in constant improvement the prognosis of the mother-child couple still remains a problem in this context, prenatal monitoring should be the prerogative of obstetrician gynecologists.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207765


Background: The objective of the study is to compare the frequency, the socio-demographic characteristics, the indications, the fetal maternal prognosis and the Robson classification of prophylactic and emergency caesarean sections.Methods: This was a comparative study of prophylactic and emergency caesarean sections at the maternity of Ignace Deen national hospital. It was a 12 month (July 1, 2016 to June 30, 2017) descriptive and analytical study.Results: Prophylactic caesarean sections accounted for 12, 51% of caesarean sections and 3.96% of deliveries at the ward. Prophylactic caesarean sections involved pregnant women aged from 20 to 29, holder of higher education degrees (51.54%), married (92.76%) employed (56.83%) and whose prenatal visit was provided by the obstetrician (73.54%). While the emergency caesarean section concerned parturient aged between 20 and 34, mostly non-schooled (36.49%), transferred patients (80.22%) and nulliparous (58.5%). Surgical indications were mainly scarred uterus (32.32%) and maternal pathologies (18.11%) prophylaxis; bleeding in the last quarter (25.90%) acute fetal distress (20.33%) in emergency. Groups 6 and 5 of the Robson classification were the most represented with a 2.23% morbidity and a zero maternal lethality in prophylaxis versus groups 5 and 6 with a 10.03% morbidity and a 1.67% maternal lethality in emergency.Conclusions: Improving this prognosis would be achieved through an increase in the frequency of prophylactic caesarean sections.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207735


Background: In developing countries, treatment of uterine fibromyoma is confronted with numerous problems, namely: financial inaccessibility to the proposed treatments, fear of surgery and the weakness of the technical platform. The objectives of the study were to calculate the frequency of uterine fibromyomas, describe the socio-demographic characteristics of patients, identify the main clinical data and to describe the modalities of surgical management.Methods: It was a mixed descriptive study, cumulative over a period of 5 years (60 months) with data collection in two phases: a 4-year retrospective study from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2018 and a 1-year prospective study from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019.Results: Authors collected 135 cases of uterine fibromyomas operated on out of a total of 260 cases of gynaecological pathologies, i.e. a frequency of 51.92%. Nulliparous women were the most concerned (45.18%), and women who attended school (60%) and those who did not attend school (40%). Women at home and housewives accounted for 42.20% and 54.07% respectively. Clinically, the circumstances of discovery were dominated by menometrorrhagia and menorrhagia respectively 77.77% and 68.14%. The large uterus was the most frequent physical sign found in 96.29% of cases. Uterine fibromyomas were recorded in 86.6% of cases in women with genital activity. The operative indications were dominated by the large polymyomatous uterus (64.44%), followed by hemorrhagic fibroma (18.52%) The surgical treatment was conservative in 92.60%. The total hysterectomy was performed in 7.40. Lethality was 1.4%.Conclusions: The surgical management of fibroids contrasts conservative treatment (myomectomy) with radical treatment (hysterectomy) with multiple possible approaches (hysteroscopy, vaginal surgery, laparoscopy or laparotomy). In this context, only laparotomy was possible due to lack of equipment. Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy equipment are necessary for less invasive surgery.