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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911579

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical impact factors of liver regeneration after hemihepatectomy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:Patients who underwent hemihepatectomy due to HCC from Sep 2013 to Sep 2018 were included in the study. Liver volumes were calculated by perioperative simulations to analyze the influencing factors of postoperative liver regeneration, and to compare the albumin bilirubin (ABLI) score and the end-stage liver disease (MELD) score at weeks 1, 5, 9, and 13 after operation.Results:A total of 163 patients were included, of which 13 developed postoperative liver failure. The median liver regeneration rates at 1, 5, 9 and 13 weeks after operation were 22.0%, 32.2%, 33.7% and 35.4%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that remnant liver volume (RLV) <611.1 cm 3, %RLV and liver cirrhosis were the influencing factors of liver regeneration. ALBI score and MELD score were lower in the low regeneration group compared to the high regeneration group in the first 5 weeks after operation. Conclusion:RLV and cirrhosis are influential factors in postoperative liver regeneration. Liver regeneration proceeded rapidly within 1 week and slowed down until week 5.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910569

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the impact of preoperative serum HBV DNA levels on prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients undergoing hepatectomy with curative intent.Methods:The clinical data of patients with HCC treated by hepatectomy with curative intent at the Guangxi Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 2010 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the preoperative serum HBV DNA levels, patients were divided into three groups: the control group (HBV DNA negative), the low load group (<10 4 copy/ml) and the high load group (≥10 4 copy/ml). The clinical data of these patients were collected and long-term survival outcomes of these patients were followed-up. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates among the three groups. Using the Barcelona clinic liver cancer classification (BCLC), patients with different serum HBV DNA levels were further divided into three subgroups: stage 0/A, stage B and stage C. The OS and RFS rates of patients in each of these subgroups were compared. Results:Of 1 180 patients who were enrolled in the study, there were 1 024 males and 156 females, aged (48.6±10.8) years. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates for patients in the control group ( n=258) were 91.5%, 79.3% and 74.9%, respectively; while those in the low load group ( n=289) were 87.2%, 68.6% and 61.6%, respectively; and those in the high load group ( n=633) were 85.4%, 68.9% and 60.7%, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates in the control group were significantly better than those in the low load group and the high load group ( P<0.05). The 1-, 2- and 3-year RFS rates in the control group were significantly higher than those in the high load group ( P<0.05). Subgroup analysis showed that in the BCLC 0/A subgroup ( n=786) the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates in the control group were significantly better than those in the high load group ( P<0.05). In the BCLC B subgroup ( n=181), the 1-, 2- and 3-year RFS rates in the control group were significantly higher than those in the high load group ( P<0.05). In the BCLC C subgroup ( n=214), there were no significant differences in the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS and 1-, 2- and 3-year RFS rates among the three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For HCC patients undergoing hepatectomy with curative intent, the higher the preoperative serum HBV-DNA level, the worse the long-term survival outcomes.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884664

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship between preoperative serum carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) levels and long-term prognosis after partial hepatectomy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:The clinical data of 1102 patients with HCC who underwent partial hepatectomy at the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from January 2012 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 960 males and 142 females, with an average age of 51 years. The X-tile software determined the best cut-off value of CA19-9 to be 55U/ml. The enrolled patients were then divided into the low-level (CA19-9≤55 U/ml, n=956) and high-level (CA19-9 >55 U/ml, n=146) groups. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze survival, and the log-rank test was performed to evaluate survival rates. The prognostic risk factors of HCC were calculated by the Cox proportional hazards model. Results:The 1, 3, and 5-year survival rates for the low-level group were 85.0%, 68.2%, and 60.9%, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of the high-level group of 80.1%, 58.2%, and 47.0%, respectively ( P<0.05) . The 1, 3, and 5-year recurrence-free survival rates of the low level group were 60.5%, 44.6%, and 37.9% respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the high-level group of 53.4%, 33.3%, and 25.1%, respectively ( P<0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that patients with CA19-9 >55 U/ml ( HR=1.323, 95% CI: 1.070-1.636, P=0.010) had a higher risk of recurrence after hepatectomy, while patients with CA19-9 >55 U/ml ( HR=1.511, 95% CI: 1.163-1.964, P=0.002) had a poor prognosis after hepatectomy. Conclusions:Preoperative serum level of CA19-9>55 U/ml was an independent risk factor for survival and recurrence of HCC patients after partial hepatectomy. CA19-9 had a significant predictive value for prognosis of HCC patients who underwent partial hepatectomy.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for overall survival in operable hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT-HCC) patients and establish a scoring system.Methods:Survival data in 253 PVTT-HCC patients were retrospectively analyzed in Guangxi Medical University Affiliated Tumor Hospital. Survival curves were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. Cox stepwise regression analysis was used to identify independent preoperative risk factors affecting overall survival. A prognostic scoring system based on independent risk factors and their relative coefficients was established to screen patients with greater hepatic resection benefits, and the identification ability of the model was based on ROC.Results:A total of 253 patients with PVTT-HCC were enrolled in this study, there were 222 males and 31 females, with a median age 44 years. The median survival time in all patients was (13.00±2.15) months. Rate of overall survival was 51.8% at 1 year, 25.0% at 3 years and 17.7% at 5 years. Multivariable Cox regression analyses showed four risk factors including: AST≥40 U/L, ALP (≥80 U/L), tumor number (>1), and incomplete tumor capsule. A prognostic scoring system was established based on these variables. The area under curve of the scoring system was 0.780 (95% CI: 0.715-0.845). Patients were classified as low- or high-risk group for hepatic resection depending on whether their score was <3 ( n=77) or ≥3 ( n=176), respectively. High-risk patients had a median survival of 10 months, compared to 29 months in low-risk patients. Low-risk patients also had better survival rates at 1 year (75.3% vs 41.5%), 3 years (47.6% vs 15.2%), and 5 years (34.7% vs 10.5%), P<0.05. Conclusion:A prognostic scoring system for hepatic resection in PVTT-HCC patients has been developed based entirely on preoperative variables. Using this system, patients belong to the low risk group have better prognosis after surgery, which can provide a basis for surgical treatment of PVTT-HCC patients.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1103-1109., 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876654

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the safety and efficacy of re-hepatic resection (rHR) versus radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the treatment of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (RHCC) in Asia through a meta-analysis. MethodsPubMed, CNKI, and Wanfang Data were searched for related studies published up to June 15, 2020. Two reviewers independently searched for the articles and extracted related data, and RevMan 5.4.1 was used to perform the meta-analysis. ResultsA total of 2 randomized controlled trials and 18 retrospective cohort studies met the inclusion criteria and involved 2903 patients with RHCC from Asian countries. The mortality rate in the perioperative period was 2% in the rHR group and 0 in the RFA group, and the incidence rate of perioperative complications was 22.4% in the rHR group and 3.3% in the RFA group. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates were 92.3%, 66.3%, and 51.1%, respectively, in the rHR group and 91.4%, 69.2%, and 39.9%, respectively, in the RFA group. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year disease-free survival rates were 67.9%, 48.3%, and 34.4%, respectively, in the rHR group and 57.5%, 27.9%, and 14.0%, respectively, in the RFA group. The Meta-analysis showed that there was no significant difference in overall survival rate between the two groups (hazard ratio [HR]=089, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.77-1.02, P=0.10), while the rHR group had a significantly higher disease-free survival rate than the RFA group (HR=0.79, 95% CI: 0.72-0.87, P<0.001). ConclusionCurrent evidence shows that rHR may help to achieve a higher disease-free survival rate than RFA in the treatment of RHCC, while rHR and RFA have a similar overall survival rate.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects and the mechanism of metformin combined with celecoxib on the proliferation and apoptosis of hepatoma HepG2 and Huh7 cells.Methods:Hepatoma cells HepG2 and Huh7 were divided into control group, metformin group, celecoxib group and combination medication group, CCK-8 assay was used to detect cell proliferation; Hoechst33258 staining method was used to investigate the cell apoptosis; wound healing test was used to detect cells migration ability; Transwell invasion chamber test was used to detect cell invasion ability; Western blotting was used to detect the expression of AMPK, PI3K, Akt, mTOR.Results:After metformin and celecoxib treatment, HepG2 and Huh7 cells were gradually contracted, disintegrated and more apoptotic cells were noticed, and cell proliferation was significantly inhibited. The wound healing test results showed that the cell migration was significantly decreased ( P<0.05) under metformin and celecoxib treatment. The results of the transwell invasion chamber test showed that the metformin and celecoxib treatment inhibited the invasion of HepG2 and Huh7 cells ( P<0.05). The expression levels of AKT, AMPK, and mTOR were decreased in HepG2 cells in the combinational treatment group, and the expression level of PI3K was decreased and then increased; the expression levels of AKT, AMPK, PI3K, and mTOR in Huh7 cells were decreased. Conclusions:Metformin can cooperate with celecoxib to enhance the inhibitory effect on the proliferation, migration and invasion of HepG2 and Huh7 cells. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of the expression of mTOR signaling pathway.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868816

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the impact of gender on prognosis in patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after hepatectomy.Methods:The data of 1 796 patients with HCC who underwent liver resection at the Guangxi Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 2010 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 1 548 males and 248 females, the average age were 49.6 years. Patients were followed up for recurrence and survival. After propensity score matching, the postoperative survival rates of male and female patients were compared. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression was used to analyze independent factors affecting prognosis of patients with HCC after hepatectomy. The age and menopause were analyzed by subgroup analyses.Results:The 1-, 3- and 5-years cumulative overall and recurrence-free survival rates of male patients were significantly lower than that of female patients (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that female was an independent protective factor affecting postoperative recurrence ( HR=0.777, 95% CI: 0.615-0.982) and overall survival ( HR=0.669, 95% CI: 0.520-0.856). Using a cut-off value of 50 years old, the patients were divided into <50 years old ( n=915) and ≥50 years old ( n=881). In patients who were less than 50 years old, the 1-, 3- and 5-years cumulative overall and recurrence-free survival rates of male patients were significantly lower than those of female patients (all P<0.05). In patients ≥50 years old, there were no significant difference in the cumulative overall and recurrence-free survival rates between male and female patients (all P>0.05). Female patients were then divided into the postmenopausal group ( n=152) and the premenopausal group ( n=96). There were no significant differences in the cumulative overall and cumulative recurrence-free survival rates between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The prognosis of female patients with HCC after hepatectomy was significantly better than that of male patients.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868754

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between serum prealbumin level before liver resection and prognosis of patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods The clinical data of patients with HCC who underwent liver resection at the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from August 2007 to October 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.The previous albumin of 200 mg/L and the pre-albumin as predicted by the maximum selection rank statistic method were used as the bounding group,and reduced groups and the correlation between pre-operative serum pre-albumin levels and clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed.The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the overall survival rate of patients with the different cutoff levels.The Cox proportional regression model was used to analyze,and cirrhosis,alpha-fetoprotein levels and Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging were used to adjust the relationship between serum prealbumin and prognosis of liver resection for HCC patients.Analysis of stratified variables was performed and their interactions with serum prealbumin were analyzed.Results Of the 2 022 patients included in this study,there were 1 739 males and 283 females.Their age was 49.5 ± 11.2 years.The median follow-up was 37.4 months.The optimal cutoff value of prealbumin predicted by the maximum selection rank statistic method was 166 mg/L.Regardless of the cutoff values of previous albumin 200 mg/L or prealbumin 166 mg/L,multivariate analysis showed that preoperative serum prealbumin level was an independent prognostic risk factor for patients (P <0.05).The prognosis of patients with >200 mg/L (> 166 mg/L) serum prealbumin before surgery was significantly better than that of patients with ≤200 mg/L (≤166 mg/L) prealbumin,the differences were significant (all P < 0.05).After adjusting for confounding factors,the prealbumin level correlated with prognosis of patients with HCC [cutoff value 200 mg/L:HR (95% CI) was 1.59 (1.35-1.86),cutoff value 166 mg/L:HR (95% CI) was 1.69 (1.44-1.98),all P < 0.05].The results of stratified analysis showed that the relationship between prealbumin levels and the prognosis of HCC patients became more robust.Conclusions Preoperative serum prealbumin was an independent risk factor for prognosis of HCC patients,and it had predictive value on prognosis of HCC patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755113

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a preoperative nomogram model in predicting microvascular invasion (MVI) and to test its predictive effectiveness in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods This retrospective study was conducted on 798 patients with HCC,including 690 males and 108 females,aged (49.8± 10.9) years old who underwent curative hepatectomy in the Guangxi Medical University Affiliated Tumor Hospital between January 2014 and December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were divided into the model group (n=579) and the validation group (n=219) according to the periods of the operation time.Independent risk factors of MVI were identified by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis in the model group,and a nomogram model was established according to the independent risk factors.The accuracy of the nomogram model in predicting MVI was detected in the two groups by the computer consistency coefficient (C-index) and calibration graph method.The predictive value was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curve.Results Histopathological diagnosis revealed 278 patients with MVI and no MVI in the 301 patients of HCC out of the 579 patients in the model group.In the validation group,there were 119 patients with MVI and 100 patients with no MVI out of the 219 patients.Total bilirubin >15 μmol/L(OR=1.519,95% CI:1.041 ~ 2.217),alkaline phosphatase >60 U/L(OR =1.681,95%CI:1.059~2.670),alpha-fetoprotein >200 ng/L (OR=2.192,95%CI:1.531 ~3.134) and tumor maximum diameter (OR =1.120,95%CI:1.057 ~ 1.187) were the independent risk factors of MVI on multivariate analysis.After establishment of the nomogram model using the independent risk factors,the C-indexes were 0.680 and 0.773 respectively in the model group and the validation group.In the calibration graph,the standard curve properly fitted with the predicting calibration curve.The predicted value of MVI obtained was in good agreement with the observed value.The ROC curve analysis nomogram model predicted the low performance of MVI.Conclusion The nomogram model in predicting MVI in patients with HCC was successfully established.The model offered certain guiding significance in the clinical treatment of HCC.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824737

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the prognosis of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for postoperative recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma and primary hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC).Methods The clinical data of 179 patients with recurrent HCC (recurrent group) and primary HCC (primary group) treated by RFA from 2009 to 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Overall survival rate (OS) and disease-free survival rate (DFS) were analyzed by Kaplan-meier log-rank test.The prognostic factors of RFA for recurrent HCC were analyzed by COX proportional hazard regression.Results The 1,3 and 5year's OS of the recurrent group were 93%,73%,61%,respectively and 85%,75%,61% for the primary group(x2 =0.017,P =0.896).The corresponding 1,3 and 5year's DFS were 61%,39%,21% and 79%,64%,46% respectively (x2 =3.899,P =0.048).The independent risk factors affecting the OS of the recurrent group were the interval between hepatectomy to recurrence ≤ 12 months (HR =0.264,95% CI =0.077-0.901,P =0.033) and the Child-Pugh grading B before RFA (HR =4.501,95% CI =1.426-14.208,P =0.01).Conclusions The DFS of patients with recurrent HCC were shorter than that with primary HCC treated by RFA.The interval between hepatectomy to recurrence and the Child-Pugh grading before RFA were independent risk factors for OS of the recurrent group.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824735

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of young patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods The clinical data of 1091 HCC patients receiving hepatectomy at Cancer Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from Jan 2006 to Jan 2011 were retrospectively analyzed.Patients were divided into young group (237 cases) and middle and old aged group (854 cases) with the cut-off value of 40 years old.After the data among the correction groups were balanced by tendentious analysis,patients were paired in a 1:1 ratio.The clinicopathological features and overall survival and recurrence rates after hepatectomy were compared between the two groups.Results Young patients had a higher rate of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection,better liver function and a higher rate of vascular invasion.The overall survival and disease-free survival of young patients were shorter than those of middle-aged and elderly patients,but the difference was not statistically significant.The 1',3'and 5'year overall survival rates were 80%,58%,53%,and 87%,66%,55% (x2 =2.895,P =0.089) in the young group and the elderly group,respectively,and the recurrence rates were 53%,80%,88% and 47%,71%,85% (x2 =2.886,P--0.089).There was no significant difference in prognosis between the two groups by either subgroup analysis or propensity matching analysis (P > 0.05).Condusion Young HCC patients have characteristically clinicopathological features,and age is not a risk factor determining the prognosis of HCC patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824732

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of perioperative allogeneic red blood cells transfusion on the early recurrence of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after liver resection.Methods Retrospective analysis was made on 999 patients who underwent surgical resection for HCC,and these patients were divided into two groups according to whether or not received perioperative allogeneic red blood cells transfusion.Differences between groups were balanced using propensity score matching (PSM).The Kaplan-Meier method was used for comparing the differences in early recurrence (within 2 years) between the two groups and the multivariate COX analysis regression was used to identify independent risk factors for early recurrence.Result There were 100 patients in red cell transfusion group and 899 patients in non-red cell transfusion group.After PSM,85 pairs of patients were successfully matched,and there was no significant difference in baseline data between groups.Before PSM,the early recurrence rate of the red blood cell group was significantly higher than that of the non-red blood cell group (P < 0.05).However,there was no significant difference in early recurrence rates between the two groups after PSM (P =0.346).Multivariate analysis showed that perioperative allogeneic red blood cells transfusion was not an independent risk factor of early recurrence for patients with HCC after liver resection (P =0.153).Conclusion Perioperative allogeneic red blood cells transfusion has no impact on the early recurrence of patients with HCC after liver resection.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801099

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the prognosis of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for postoperative recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma and primary hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC).@*Methods@#The clinical data of 179 patients with recurrent HCC (recurrent group) and primary HCC (primary group) treated by RFA from 2009 to 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Overall survival rate (OS) and disease-free survival rate (DFS) were analyzed by Kaplan-meier log-rank test. The prognostic factors of RFA for recurrent HCC were analyzed by COX proportional hazard regression.@*Results@#The 1, 3 and 5year′s OS of the recurrent group were 93%, 73%, 61%, respectively and 85%, 75%, 61% for the primary group(χ2=0.017, P=0.896). The corresponding 1, 3 and 5year′s DFS were 61%, 39%, 21% and 79%, 64%, 46% respectively (χ2=3.899, P=0.048). The independent risk factors affecting the OS of the recurrent group were the interval between hepatectomy to recurrence≤12 months (HR=0.264, 95% CI=0.077-0.901, P=0.033) and the Child-Pugh grading B before RFA (HR=4.501, 95% CI=1.426-14.208, P=0.01).@*Conclusions@#The DFS of patients with recurrent HCC were shorter than that with primary HCC treated by RFA. The interval between hepatectomy to recurrence and the Child-Pugh grading before RFA were independent risk factors for OS of the recurrent group.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801097

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of young patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).@*Methods@#The clinical data of 1091 HCC patients receiving hepatectomy at Cancer Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from Jan 2006 to Jan 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into young group (237 cases) and middle and old aged group (854 cases) with the cut-off value of 40 years old. After the data among the correction groups were balanced by tendentious analysis, patients were paired in a 1: 1 ratio. The clinicopathological features and overall survival and recurrence rates after hepatectomy were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#Young patients had a higher rate of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, better liver function and a higher rate of vascular invasion. The overall survival and disease-free survival of young patients were shorter than those of middle-aged and elderly patients, but the difference was not statistically significant. The 1′, 3′ and 5′ year overall survival rates were 80%, 58%, 53%, and 87%, 66%, 55% (χ2=2.895, P=0.089) in the young group and the elderly group, respectively, and the recurrence rates were 53%, 80%, 88% and 47%, 71%, 85% (χ2=2.886, P=0.089). There was no significant difference in prognosis between the two groups by either subgroup analysis or propensity matching analysis (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Young HCC patients have characteristically clinicopathological features, and age is not a risk factor determining the prognosis of HCC patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801094

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of perioperative allogeneic red blood cells transfusion on the early recurrence of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after liver resection.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis was made on 999 patients who underwent surgical resection for HCC, and these patients were divided into two groups according to whether or not received perioperative allogeneic red blood cells transfusion. Differences between groups were balanced using propensity score matching (PSM). The Kaplan-Meier method was used for comparing the differences in early recurrence (within 2 years) between the two groups and the multivariate COX analysis regression was used to identify independent risk factors for early recurrence.@*Result@#There were 100 patients in red cell transfusion group and 899 patients in non-red cell transfusion group. After PSM, 85 pairs of patients were successfully matched, and there was no significant difference in baseline data between groups. Before PSM, the early recurrence rate of the red blood cell group was significantly higher than that of the non-red blood cell group (P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in early recurrence rates between the two groups after PSM (P=0.346). Multivariate analysis showed that perioperative allogeneic red blood cells transfusion was not an independent risk factor of early recurrence for patients with HCC after liver resection (P=0.153).@*Conclusion@#Perioperative allogeneic red blood cells transfusion has no impact on the early recurrence of patients with HCC after liver resection.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734369

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the significance of albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score in predicting prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods The clinical data of 644 HCC patients were retrospectively analyzed from May 2010 to May 2013 in the First People's Hospital of Changde City and the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University.Peripheral blood test results were used to calculate ALBI score,and ALBI score was categorized into the following 3 groups:grade 1,grade 2,grade 3.Overall survival(OS) and disease free survival(DFS) were evaluated by the Kaplan-Meier method.And independent prognostic predictors were determined by the Cox proportional hazard model.Results Multivariate analysis showed that ALBI grade 2 was an independent risk factor for OS(P<0.05).The ALBI grade stratified patients into at least two distinct overall survival cohorts (P<0.05),whereas the CP grade did not.The ALBI grade also classified patients with CP grade A patients into two distinct overall survival cohorts (P<0.05).In the subgroup analysis,the ALBI grade seemed to be an independent factor in terms of Barcelona Clinical Liver Cancer staging system(BCLC) 0-C.Conclusion For patients with HCC who underwent R0 resection,the ALBI grade is a good predictor of OS in HCC patients,and the above conclusions is true in patients with BCLC stage 0-C.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708383

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively study the prognostic impact of paraneoplastic erythrocytosis (PE) on patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after liver resection.Methods 713 patients with HCC who underwent partial hepatic resection in The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Guangxi Medical University were divided into two groups:the PE group (n =81) and the non-PE group (n =632).The overall survival between the two groups were compared after reducing confounding bias by using propensity score matching (PSM).Independent prognostic predictors were determined by the Cox proportional hazards model.Results 80 pairs of patients were matched using PSM.In the matched cohort,the PE group exhibited significantly longer overall survival (OS) compared to the NPE group of patients without erythrocytosis.The 1-,3-,and 5-year overall survival rates were 88.6%,74.2%,69.0% in the PE group,and 91.0%,60.1%,41.6% in the non-PE group,respectively (P < 0.05).Using the log-rank test,tumor size ≥ 10cm,macrovascular invasion,Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage C,PE and complete tumor encapsulation were significantly associated with OS in patients with HCC after liver resection.The Cox regression analysis indicated that tumor size ≥ 10 cm,and Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage C were independent prognostic factors of poor prognosis,while complete tumor encapsulation and paraneoplastic erythrocytosis were independent predictors of good prognosis.Conclusions For patients with HCC who underwent surgical resection,patients with PE had better prognosis than those without PE under the condition of similar tumor burden.PE was an independent predictor of good prognosis.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706785

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the correlation between standard remnant liver volume(SRLV) and post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF)in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)and cirrhotic livers.Methods:In total,181 patients who underwent hemihepa-tectomy in Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from September 2013 to August 2016 were enrolled in the study. Total liver,tumor,remnant liver,and resected liver volumes were measured using the Myrian liver surgical planning system before sur-gery. Intraoperative resected liver volume (including resected normal liver and tumor volumes) were collected using the drainage method.The patients were divided into the PHLF(22 cases)and non-PHLF groups(159 cases)according to whether PHLF occurred based on the"50/50"criteria.The risk factors of PHLF were then explored.The cut-off of SRLV and efficiency of predicting PHLF were analyzed in the subgroup of patients with cirrhotic livers.The grade of liver cirrhosis was retrospectively analyzed using helical comput-ed tomography(CT).Results:Twenty-two of the 181 patients developed PHLF and one died of it.Preoperative total bilirubin levels and SRLV were identified as independent factors for predicting PHLF using a Logistic regression model.In total,102 patients with cirrhotic livers were selected in subgroup analysis based on postoperative cirrhotic pathology.Eighteen patients developed PHLF and one died of PHLF in the subgroup.Using receiver-operating characteristic(ROC)curve analysis,340 mL/m2was the cut-off of SRLV for patients with HCC and cirrhotic livers(area under the curve:0.861,P<0.01;sensitivity and specialty rates were 94.4% and 74.7%,respectively). Eighty-four cases were of grade Ⅰ or Ⅱ cirrhosis,18 cases were of grade Ⅲ cirrhosis,and there were no cases of grade Ⅳ cirrhosis based on retrospective analysis using helical CT.Conclusions:Patients with cirrhotic livers with an anticipated SRLV of≤340 Ml/m2after he-patic resection are at increased risk for PHLF after emihepatectomy.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699114

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical features and surgical outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) combined with portal venous tumor thrombus (PVTT) and hepatic venous tumor thrombus (HVTT) or bile duct tumor thrombi (BDTT),and analyze the effects of different tumor thrombus (TT) types and different surgical methods for TT on prognosis.Methods The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted.The clinical data of 220 HCC patients with lymphovascular invasion (LVI) who were admitted to the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Guangxi Medical University between January 2004 and December 2014 were collected.Of 220 patients,140 were combined with PVTT,36 with HVTT and 44 with BDTT.According to patients' conditions,they underwent tumor and TT resection,and tumor resection + TT removal or single TT removal.Observation indicators:(1) comparisons of clinical features of HCC patients with PVTT or HVTT or BDTT;(2) surgical and postoperative situations;(3) follow-up and survival.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect postoperative survival up to December 2015.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as (x)±s.Comparisons among 3 indicators were analyzed using the one-way ANOVA,and comparisons between 2 indicators were analyzed using the t test.Comparisons of count data were analyzed using the chi-square test.The survival curve and rate were respectively drawn and calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method,and the Log-rank test was used for survival analysis.Results (1) Comparisons of clinical features of HCC patients with PVTT or HVTT or BDTT:number of patients with Child-pugh A,Child-pugh B and peritoneal effusion,tumor diameter and cases with tumor capsule were respectively detected in 133,7,23,(10±4)cm,91 in HCC patients with PVTT and 35,1,4,(9±4)cm,27 in HCC patients with HVTT and 35,9,16,(6±4)cm,15 in HCC patients with BDTT,with statistically significant differences (x2 =12.693,10.408,F=11.300,x2 =17.188,P< 0.05).(2) Surgical and postoperative situations:of 140 HCC patients with PVTT,51 underwent tumor and PVTT resection,89 underwent tumor resection + PVTT removal through incising portal vein;68 received postoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE).Thirty-six HCC patients with HVTT underwent tumor and HVTT resection;24 received postoperative TACE.Of 44 HCC patients with BDTT,23 underwent tumor and BDTT resection,21 underwent tumor resection + BDTT removal through incising common bile duct;29 received postoperative TACE.(3) Follow-up and survival:① 220 patients were followed up for 1-73 months,with a median time of 12 months.The median survival time,1-,3-and 5-year survival rates were respectively 12 months,48.2%,25.0%,15.4% in 140 HCC patients with PVTT and 28 months,77.1%,45.6%,24.5% in 36 HCC patients with HVTT and 36 months,88.6%,48.3%,24.6% in 44 HCC patients with BDTT,with a statistically significant difference in survival (x2 =13.316,P<0.05).② Of 140 HCC patients with PVTT,49 were in type Ⅰ PVTT,and median survival time,1-,3-and 5-year survival rates were respectively 20 months,60.3%,32.6% and 17.1%;70 were in type Ⅱ PVTT,and median survival time,1-,3-and 5-year survival rates were respectively 13 months,51.4%,26.0% and 17.3%;21 were in type Ⅲ PVTT,and median survival time,1-,3-and 5-year survival rates were respectively 7 months,9.5%,4.8% and 0,showing a statistically significant difference in survival (x2=18.102,P<0.05).The median survival time,1-,3-and 5-year survival rates were respectively 21 months,72.5%,42.5%,26.2% in 51 patients undergoing tumor and TT resection and 9 months,40%,14.4%,0 in 89 patients undergoing tumor resection + PVTT removal through incising portal vein,showing a statistically significant difference in survival (x2=24.098,P<0.05).③ Of 36 HCC patients with HVTT,17 were detected in right HVTT,and median survival time,1-,3-and 5-year survival rates were respectively 14 months,64.7%,20.2% and 0;10 were detected in left HVTT,and median survival time,1-,3-and 5-year survival rates were respectively 53 months,80.0%,70.0% and 38.9%;9 were detected in middle HVTT,and median survival time,1-,3-and 5-year survival rates were respectively 40 months,88.9%,61.0% and 30.5%;showing no statistically significant difference in survival (x2 =5.951,P>0.05).④ Of 44 HCC patients with BDTT,24,6 and 14 were respectively detected in type Ⅰ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ BDTTs,and median survival time,1-,3-and 5-year survival rates were respectively 38 months,87.5%,60.4%,34.9% in type Ⅰ BDTT patients and 26 months,83.3%,16.7%,0 in type Ⅱ BDTT patients and 35 months,78.6%,50.0%,21.4% in type Ⅲ BDTT patients,showing no statistically significant difference in survival (x2 =5.312,P>0.05).Of 44 patients,median survival time,1-,3-and 5-year survival rates were respectively 38 months,91.3%,59.5%,34.3% in 23 patients undergoing tumor and TT resection and 26 months,85.7%,35.7%,15.3% in 21 patients undergoing tumor resection + TT removal through incising common bile duct,showing no statistically significant difference in survival (x2 =2.071,P>0.05).Conclusions HCC patients with PVTT have larger tumor diameter and worse liver dysfunction,and are prone to peritoneal effusion.HCC patients with different LVI undergo surgery.There is better prognosis in HCC patients with BDTT,and good prognosis in patients with HVTT,while poorer prognosis in patients with PVTT.The postoperative survival of HCC patients with PVTT is associated with TT type,and patients will have better prognosis after tumor resection + TT removal if TT type is confirmed earlier.The postoperative survival of HCC patients with BDTT is not associated with TT type,tumor resection + TT removal maybe prolong postoperative survival time.

20.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 489-492, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618268

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between ratio index of gamma glutamyl transpeptidase/platelet (GPRI) and the prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) before liver resection. Methods A total of 368 patients underwent liver resection for HBV-related HCC were retrospectively analyzed in this study. Patients were divided into high GPRI group (n=184, GPRI≥0.38) and low GPRI group (n=184, GPRI<0.38). Clinicopathologic characteristics including overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were compared between the two groups. Independent risk factors influencing DFS and OS were determined by Cox multivariate analysis. Results Compared to low GPRI group, there were higher levels of serum total bilirubin and alanine aminotransferase, higher proportions of tumor diameter larger than 10 cm, amount of tumou more than 3, and patients with macrovascular invasion and intermediate or advanced HCC in high GPRI group (all P<0.05). Values of DFS at 1, 3, and 5 years were significantly lower in high GPRI group (50.8%, 16.9%and 5.7%) than those in low GPRI group (69.0%, 33.3%, 10.7%;P=0.001). Values of OS at 1, 3, and 5 years were also significantly lower in high GPRI group (75.0%, 51.8%and 36.0%) than those in low GPRI group (89.8%, 72.8%and 63.2%;P<0.05). Cox multivariate analysis also demonstrated that GPRI ≥0.38 was an independent risk factor for DFS and OS in patients with HBV-related HCC after liver resection. Conclusion Preoperative GPRI can predict tumor recurrence and long-term survival in patients with HBV-related HCC after liver resection.

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