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1.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 6-10, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996025

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare and analyze the pricing units and prices of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) medical services in 4 provinces of the Yangtze River Delta, for reference for the integrated development of TCM medical service project setting and price coordination in the Yangtze River Delta region.Methods:The medical service price project specifications published on the official websites of relevant departments in 4 provinces of the Yangtze River Delta (updated to March 2022) were obtained to extract data such as project names and pricing units. The pricing units and prices of TCM medical service projects in each province were compared and analyzed; The Jevons index method was used to analyze comparable project prices.Results:The numbers of TCM medical service projects in Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Anhui were 113, 146, 117, and 198, respectively. The types of pricing units were 15, 24, 13, and 12, respectively. There were differences in the setting of pricing units, especially in acupuncture and moxibustion, which had more decomposition projects. The average price of overall medical services in the Yangtze River Delta was 9.81 times that of TCM medical services. There were differences in the prices of comparable TCM medical service projects among the four provinces. Based on Anhui province, the inter provincial Jevons index of other categories of TCM medical service projects except for TCM massage were all less than 1.00.Conclusions:There were significant differences in the pricing units and prices of TCM medical service projects in the four provinces of the Yangtze River Delta, with Anhui province having the most significant difference compared to the other three provinces; The overall price of TCM medical service projects was relatively low.

2.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 616-621, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953839

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases based on Delphi method. Methods Based on literature reviews and expert interviews, a questionnaire was designed and a two-round Delphi consultation was performed. A human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases was constructed according to the deletion criteria and experts’ advice. Results A total of 14 experts completed the two-round consultation. The second-round authority coefficients were 0.91 to 0.96 for the first-level indicators, 0.87 to 0.97 for the second-level indicators and 0.86 to 0.97 for the third-level indicators. A human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases was constructed with the main framework of basic knowledge and awareness, healthy behaviors, and healthy skills, which contained 3 first-level indicators, 12 second-level indicators and 48 third-level indicators. Among the three first-level indicators, basic knowledge and awareness had the highest weighting coefficient (0.336 5), followed by healthy behaviors (0.334 9), and healthy skills had the lowest weighting coefficient (0.328 6). The three secondary-level indicators with the highest combined weights included awareness of the epidemic status (0.088 2), awareness of the resource of infection (0.085 8) and basic awareness of parasitic diseases (0.085 5). Conclusion A human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases is preliminarily constructed, which provides insights into the development of health literacy evaluation tools for prevention of parasitic diseases in the new era.

3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 633-641, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984696

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association between epicardial fat volume (EFV) and obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) with myocardial ischemia, and evaluate the incremental value of EFV on top of traditional risk factors and coronary artery calcium (CAC) in predicting obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia. Methods: This study was a retrospective cross-sectional study. Patients with suspected CAD who underwent coronary angiography (CAG) and single photon emission computerized tomography-myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from March 2018 to November 2019 were consecutively enrolled. EFV and CAC were measured by non-contrast chest computed tomography (CT) scan. Obstructive CAD was defined as coronary artery stenosis≥50% in at least one of the major epicardial coronary arteries, and myocardial ischemia was defined as reversible perfusion defects in stress and rest MPI. Obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia was defined in patients with coronary stenosis severity≥50% and reversible perfusion defects in the corresponding areas of SPECT-MPI. Patients with myocardial ischemia bot without obstructive CAD were defined as none-obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia group. We collected and compared the general clinical data, CAC and EFV between the two groups. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the relationship between EFV and obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia. ROC curves were performed to determine whether addition of EFV improved predictive value beyond traditional risk factors and CAC for obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia. Results: Among the 164 patients with suspected CAD, 111 patients were males, and average age was (61.4±9.9) years old. 62 (37.8%) patients were included into the obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia group. 102 (62.2%) patients were included into the none-obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia group. EFV was significantly higher in obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia group than in none-obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia group ((135.63±33.29)cm3 and (105.18±31.16)cm3, P<0.01). Univariate regression analysis showed the risk of obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia increased by 1.96 times for each SD increase in EFV(OR 2.96; 95%CI, 1.89-4.62; P<0.01). After adjustment for traditional risk factors and CAC, EFV remained as an independent predictor for obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia (OR, 4.48, 95%CI, 2.17-9.23; P<0.01). Addition of EFV to CAC and traditional risk factors was related to larger AUC for predicting obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia (0.90 vs. 0.85, P=0.04, 95%CI: 0.85-0.95) and the global chi-square increased by 21.81 (P<0.05). Conclusions: EFV is an independent predictor for obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia. Addition of EFV to traditional risk factors and CAC has incremental value for predicting obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia in this patient cohort.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Myocardial Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Stenosis , Calcium
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 978-984, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970569

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the chemical constituents from the leaves of Craibiodendron yunnanense. The compounds were isolated and purified from the leaves of C. yunnanense by a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over polyamide, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and reversed-phase HPLC. Their structures were identified by extensive spectroscopic analyses including MS and NMR data. As a result, 10 compounds, including melionoside F(1), meliosmaionol D(2), naringenin(3), quercetin-3-O-α-L-arabinopyranoside(4), epicatechin(5), quercetin-3'-glucoside(6), corbulain Ib(7), loliolide(8), asiatic acid(9), and ursolic acid(10), were isolated. Compounds 1 and 2 were two new compounds, and compound 7 was isolated from this genus for the first time. All compounds showed no significant cytotoxic activity by MTT assay.


Subject(s)
Quercetin , Ericaceae , Plant Leaves , Catechin , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
5.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 154-159, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932910

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the left ventricular diastolic dyssynchrony (LVDD) and its influencing factors early after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) using phase analysis of SPECT gated myocardial perfusion imaging (GMPI).Methods:Bama miniature swines ( n=16) were subjected to establish AMI models. GMPI was performed before and 1 d after AMI to obtain the extent of myocardial perfusion defect (Extent, %) and left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony (LVSD)/LVDD parameters, namely the phase histogram bandwidth (PBW) and phase standard deviation (PSD). Meanwhile, left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and the ratio of early to late peak mitral diastolic flow (E/A) were obtained by echocardiography. Independent-sample t test, paired t test and Pearson correlation analysis were used to analyze the data. Results:Sixteen AMI swines were successfully created. Compared to baseline, Extent, LVEDV and LVESV significantly increased on 1 d after AMI ( t values: -11.14, -4.55, -6.12, all P<0.001), while LVEF and E/A significantly decreased ( t values: 10.16, 2.18, P<0.001, P=0.046). GMPI showed that the LVDD parameters PBW and PSD increased significantly on 1 d after AMI when compared to those at baseline((142.25±72.06)° vs (33.06±8.98)°, (56.15±26.71)° vs (12.51±5.13)°; t values: -6.11, -6.60, both P<0.001). There were significant differences between LVSD parameters and LVDD parameters (PBW: (109.06±62.40)° vs (142.25±72.06)°, PSD: (44.40±25.61)° vs (56.15±26.71)°; t values: -2.73, -2.20, P values: 0.016, 0.044). LVDD parameters PBW, PSD were negatively correlated with E/A after AMI ( r values: -0.569, -0.566, P values: 0.021, 0.022), and positively correlated with the Extent ( r values: 0.717, 0.634, P values: 0.002, 0.008). The phase analysis of SPECT GMPI to evaluate LVDD showed good intra-observer and inter-observe reproducibility (intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC): 0.953-0.984, all P<0.001). Conclusions:LVDD occurs early on 1 d after AMI, and can reflect left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. The Extent is correlated with LVDD significantly. Phase analysis of SPECT GMPI is an accurate method to evaluate LVDD and left ventricular diastolic function.

6.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 588-591, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957817

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy at 1-year follow-up of the use of drug-coated balloon (DCB) for the treatment of femoropopliteal in-stent restenosis (ISR).Methods:This study enrolled 252 patients undergoing Orchid DCB angioplasty for peripheral arterial disease in the femoral-popliteal segment. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Forty-nine patients were eligible, including 29 (59.2%) chronic total occlusions belonging to TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus-Ⅱ(TASC Ⅱ) D, 7 (14.3%) thrombosis, and 14 (28.6%) moderate to severe calcifications. The mean lesion length was (215.9±97.1) mm. 69.4% were of occlusive lesions (Tosaka Ⅲ category). Only 1 provisional stent was implanted. 98% patients had severe claudication or even worse. Of these cases, 34 (73.9%) showed improvements in Rutherford category, while 11 (23.9%) did not change and 1 (2.2%) case deteriorated. The average value of ABI was 0.478±0.264 before surgery and 0.907±0.207 at the end of follow-up. The improvement in Rutherford category ( P<0.01) and ABI ( P<0.005) were both significant. The primary patency (PP) was 80.4%, and the freedom from clinically driven TLR was 84.8% at 1 year. During the follow-up period, there was no all-cause death and major limb amputation. Conclusion:This multicenter study demonstrated the effectiveness of DCB as a treatment for complicated and extensive ISR lesions within 12 months.

7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 159-162, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term clinical effect of lumbar nerve root canal injection under X-ray angiography in the treatment of sciatica.@*METHODS@#The clincal data of 78 patients with sciatica underwent lumbar nerve root canal injection under X-ray angiography from December 2017 to February 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. Including 31 males and 47 females, aged from 22 to 88 years old with a median of 65 years. There were 55 cases of lumbar disc herniation and 23 cases of lumbar spinal stenosis, the course of disease ranged from 1 to 8 weeks with a median of 3 weeks. There were 71 cases of single segment disc herniation or stenosis, including L3,4 of 5 cases, L4,5 of 61 cases, L5S1 of 5 cases, and 7 cases of multisegment herniation or stenosis. The pain visual analogue scale (VAS) was recorded and Macnab was used to evaluate the clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients completed standardized treatment without serious adverse reactions. VAS were (3.21±0.76) scores immediately after treatment, (2.89±0.33) scores 1 hour after treatment, (1.80±0.27) scores 6 hours after treatment, (1.10±0.20) scores 24 hours after treatment, (2.53±0.35) scores 1 week after treatment and (4.27±0.36) scores 1 month after treatment. There were significant differences in VAS between before treatment(7.83±0.56) and each time period after treatment(P<0.05). According to Macnab low back pain evaluation standard, 42 cases were effective, 34 cases were markedly effective and 2 cases were ineffective within 24 hours after treatment, with an effective rate of 97.4%;38 cases were effective, 25 cases were markedly effective, 15 cases were ineffective within one week after treatment, the effective rate was 80.0%;32 cases were effective, 22 cases were markedly effective, 24 cases were ineffective within one month after treatment, the effective rate was 69.2%.@*CONCLUSION@#The short-term clinical effect of nerve root canal injection under X-ray radiography in the treatment of sciatica is good and it is an effective method to relieve sciatica.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Angiography , Dental Pulp Cavity , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/diagnostic imaging , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Sciatica/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , X-Rays
8.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 172-178, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923779

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the health-seeking behaviors of imported malaria cases after returning to China, and to investigate the factors affecting the time to initial diagnosis, so as to provide the scientific evidence for early identification of imported malaria cases and prevention of severe cases development and secondary transmission. Methods The individual demographic features, and the disease onset and the time to initial diagnosis of imported malaria cases in Jiangsu Province in 2019 were captured from the National Notifiable Disease Report System and the Information Management System for Parasitic Disease Control in China. The characteristics of health-seeking behaviors and epidemiological features of imported malaria cases were descriptively analyzed, and the factors affecting the time to initial diagnosis of imported malaria cases after returning to China were identified using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 244 imported malaria cases were reported in Jiangsu Province in 2019, and the time to initial diagnosis of the cases were 1-12 days, with mean time of (1.53 ± 1.65) days, with median time of one day. The highest number of malaria cases seeking healthcare services were found on the day of developing primary symptoms (76 cases, 31.1%), followed by on the second day (68 cases, 27.9%), on the third day (46 cases, 18.9%), and 54 cases (22.1%) received initial diagnosis 3 days following presence of primary symptoms, including 3 cases with initial diagnosis at more than one week. High proportions of imported malaria cases with a delay in the time to initial diagnosis were seen in migrant workers who returned to China in January (14 cases, 5.7%) and December (13 cases, 5.3%) and those aged between 41 and 50 years (32 cases, 13.1%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed relative short time to initial diagnosis among imported malaria cases returning to China on March [odds ratio (OR) = 0.16, P = 0.03, 95% confidence interval (CI): (0.03, 0.85)] and those with a history of overseas malaria parasite infections [OR = 0.36, P = 0.001, 95% CI: (0.19, 0.67)]. Conclusions Timely health-seeking behaviors should be improved among imported malaria cases in Jiangsu Province, patients with a history of overseas malaria infections require faster health-seeking activities.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 111-116, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906277

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Dingkundan in adjuvant treatment of clinical symptoms, quality of life, immune function and prognosis of patients with radiotherapy and chemotherapy after endometrial carcinoma (EC) operation. Method:Patients were divided into control group (82 cases) and observation group (86 cases) according to random number table. A total of 75 patients in control group completed the study (4 patients fell off or lose visit, and 3 patients were eliminated), while 77 patients in observation group completed the study (5 patients fell off or lose visit, and 4 patients were deleted). After operation, patients got brachytherapy, external pelvic irradiation and chemotherapy. Patients in control group got Bazhenwan, 1 pill/time, 2 times/day, and those in observation group got Dingkundan, 7 g/time, 2 times/day. The course of treatment lasted for 4 months, and long-time follow-up data was recorded. Before treatment, and at the second and fourth month after treatment, deficiency of Qi and blood was scored. Toxic reactions after radiotherapy and chemotherapy were recorded, and incidence rate of acute and advanced radiation injury of bladder and rectum and toxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs at grade 3 or above grade 3 level were compared. And levels of T lymphocyte subsets (CD3<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup> and CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup>) were detected, European collaborative quality of life Cancer Core Scale (EORTC QLQ-C30) was evaluated, and expressions of pce125 (CA125), epididymis protein 4 (HE4), Dickkopf-related protein-1 (DKK1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> (TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>) were tested before and after treatment. The follow-up was made for every three months, and the progression (recurrence/metastasis) of patients was recorded. Result:Scores of deficiency of Qi and blood in observation group were lower than those in control group at the second and fourth week after treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Incidence rates of acute and advanced radiation injury of bladder and rectum and toxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs at grade 3 or above grade 3 level and incidence rates of bone marrow suppression, gastrointestinal toxicity, neurotoxicity were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Five functional dimensions and overall quality of life score based on EORTC and QLQ-C30 in observation group were higher than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and scores of three symptom dimensions were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Levels of CD3<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup> and CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup> were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and CD8<sup>+</sup> was lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Levels of CA125, HE4, DKK1, VEGF, MMP-9 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The disease progression rate in observation group was 18.18% (14/77), which was lower than 33.33% (25/75) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.572, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:In adjuvant treatment of patients with radiotherapy and chemotherapy after EC operation, Dingkundan can reduce the symptoms of Qi and blood deficiency syndrome and side effects caused by radiotherapy and chemotherapy, improve the quality of life and immune function, inhibit the expression of tumor markers and tumor growth factor, delay the progression of tumor and improve the prognosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 327-333, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884807

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT metabolic parameters for occult lymph node metastasis (OLM) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods:A total of 183 patients (72 males, 111 females; age (61.5±8.4) years) who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT and preoperatively diagnosed with clinical N0 stage (cN0) in Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2013 to December 2018 were retrospectively enrolled. All patients underwent anatomical pulmonary resection with systematic lymph node dissections within 3 weeks after 18F-FDG PET/CT examinations. According to the presence or absence of lymph node metastasis, patients were divided into OLM positive (OLM+ ) group and OLM negative (OLM-) group. Parameters of primary lesions, such as the maximum diameter (D max), tumor sites, morphological features, maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max), mean standardized uptake value (SUV mean), metabolic total volume (MTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG), tumor SUV max to liver SUV mean (TLR max), tumor TLG to liver SUV mean (TLR TLG) were analyzed. Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test were used to compare the parameters between groups. Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors for OLM. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of different parameters. Results:Among 183 patients, 25 (13.7%, 25/183) of them were diagnosed as OLM. In OLM+ group, 46 lymph nodes were pathologically positive for metastasis, including 15 N1 disease and 31 N2 disease. D max (2.9(2.3, 3.7) vs 2.3(1.7, 2.8) cm), lobulation ((76.0%(19/25) vs 37.3%(59/158)), SUV max (11.1(7.9, 17.7) vs 4.7(2.3, 9.2)), TLG (41.5(10.2, 91.1) vs 15.6(6.5, 23.8) ml), TLR max (4.7(3.5, 7.6) vs 2.1(0.9, 4.0)) and TLR TLG (18.1(5.0, 44.3) vs 6.1(3.0, 11.4) ml) of the primary lesions in OLM+ group were significantly higher than those in OLM-group ( z values: from -4.709 to -3.247, χ2=13.190, all P<0.05). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that TLR max (odds ratio ( OR)=15.145, 95% CI: 3.381-67.830, P<0.001) and D max ( OR=3.220, 95% CI: 1.192-8.701, P=0.021) were independent risk factors for OLM. TLR max yielded the highest area under curve (AUC; AUC=0.794) with the threshold of 3.12, and the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for predicting OLM were 92.0%(23/25), 63.3%(100/158), 67.2%(123/183), 28.4%(23/81) and 98.0%(100/102), respectively. Conclusions:TLR max of tumor is the independent risk factor for OLM in NSCLC patients. TLR max can sensitively predict OLM preoperatively in patients with NSCLC.

12.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 642-648, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887906

ABSTRACT

Arterial spin labeling is a noninvasive,quantitative method for perfusion imaging,which does not need any contrast media.This technique has been used in the renal perfusion analysis.In this article,we briefly introduced this technique and summarized its application in healthy volunteers,acute kidney injury,chronic kidney diseases,renovascular diseases,renal tumors,and renal transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Perfusion , Perfusion Imaging , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Spin Labels
13.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 283-287, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878733

ABSTRACT

Median arcuate ligament syndrome(MALS)is compression of the celiac trunk by the median arcuate ligament.Median arcuate ligament release is the corner stone for the surgical treatment of MALS.Open surgery,laparoscopic surgery,and robot-assisted surgery have been developed,among which laparoscopic surgery has been proposed as the preferred approach in view of its minimal trauma and short hospital stay.Auxiliary celiac plexus neurolysis could further alleviate the patient's discomfort.Moreover,vascular reconstitution is of vital importance in the case of persistent stenosis in the celiac artery despite of median arcuate ligament decompression.Vascular reconstruction has satisfactory long-term patency rate,while endovascular treatment is less invasive.This article aims to summarize the consensuses and advances and shed light on the surgical treatment of MALS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Celiac Artery/surgery , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Decompression, Surgical , Laparoscopy , Ligaments/surgery , Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome/surgery
14.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 37-41, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878695

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the outcomes in patients who receive the endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair(EVAR)and have concomitant intra-abdominal malignancy.Methods Between January 2014 and December 2019,all the patients who underwent surgery for malignancy and/or EVAR were retrospectively reviewed.Results Twenty-eight abdominal aortic aneurysm(AAA)patients with concomitant intra-abdominal malignancy were included.The patients were treated by two-stage operation and the priority was given for EVAR in 21 patients.There was no perioperative death or major complications.In the follow-up,one patient developed graft thrombosis and one had type Ⅱ endoleak.There was no AAA-associated death.Conclusions It is preferred that EVAR should come first followed by operation for malignancy.Details of treatment strategy still need further investigation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Neoplasms/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 873-877, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934537

ABSTRACT

Objective:To sort out the medical service price management in provinces of the Yangtze River Delta, and identify problems in the process of promoting the integration of medical insurance in the said region.Methods:The service price reform policies and current medical service price items specifications as of December 2020 were collected from the official websites of the reform and developmet committees, health comissions and health insurane bureaus of these provinces. Descriptive analysis using R 4.0.2 software were conducted.Results:Given the reform of medical service prices advanced in these provinces successively, the current medical service price items were not yet unified. In terms of the numbers, Jiangsu topped the rest by 4 457 basic items, while Zhejiang ranked the lowest at 3 914. In terms of decomposed items, Zhejiang topped the rest by 1 988, 17.6 times that of Anhui province. In terms of pricing level, the average price of medical services in Shanghai topped the rest by 1 041.6 yuan, while Jiangsu province was the lowest at 768.6 yuan. The price of some items varied by more than 20 times among these provinces.Conclusions:The provinces in the Yangtze River Delta had significant gaps in medical service price items setup and price levels. It is necessary to promote the regional coordinated specifications of medical service price items, further optimize the price levels, improve the methodological system of medical service price comparison, and promote the integration of medical insurance in the Yangtze River Delta.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 878-882, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934522

ABSTRACT

New medical service price items (hereinafter referred to as the new item) management is key to deepening medical service price reform.Based on the review of the policy development of the new item management and status quo of provincial-level practices, the authors sorted out the problems in the new item management as follows. Namely the new item connotation was not clearly defined, linkage with the national specifications for medical service price items was not yet well defined, the approval process was imperfect, the pricing fundamentals were weak, and the maturity term system was to be strengthened. According to such analyses, the authors proposed countermeasure recommendations for optimizing the new item management: to introduce and implement unified national specifications for medical service price item and the new item guidance as quickly as possible, to promote the linkage between the new item management and the dynamic adjustment mechanism of medical service prices, and to strengthen institutional construction of the new item management.

17.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 917-921, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921560

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the cause and the treatment strategies of iliac limb occlusion after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair(EVAR). Methods The patients receiving EVAR in PUMC Hospital from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Sixteen(2.7%)cases of iliac limb occlusion were identified,among which 6,9,and 1 cases underwent surgical bypass,endovascular or hybrid procedure,and conservative treatment,respectively. Results Fifteen cases were successfully treated.During the 10.6-month follow-up,2 cases receiving hybrid treatment underwent femoral-femoral bypass due to re-occlusion of the iliac limb. Conclusions Iliac limb occlusion mostly occurs in the acute phase after EVAR,and endovascular or hybrid treatment can be the first choice for iliac limb occlusion.It is suggested to focus on the risk factors for prevention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Endovascular Procedures , Iliac Artery/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stents , Treatment Outcome
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1368-1373, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008581

ABSTRACT

Eight compounds,(R)-2-[5-(methoxycarbonyl)-4-methyl-6-oxo-3,6-dihydro-2H-pyran-2-yl]acetic acid(1),(3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-3,4-epoxy-5-hydroxynaphthalen-1(2H)-one(2),(-)-mitorubrinol(3),(-)-mitorubrin(4),(±)-asperlone A(5), terreusinone(6), verrucisidinol(7) and cerebroside C(8) were isolated from the endophytic fungus Talaromyces purpurogenus by using various column chromatographic techniques. Their structures were identified by NMR, MS, CD and optical rotation. Compounds 1 and 2 were new compounds. Their anti-diabetic activities in vitro were evaluated, and compound 1 showed moderate inhibitory activity toward XOD at 10 μmol·L~(-1) with the inhibition rate of 69.9%.


Subject(s)
Endophytes/chemistry , Hypoglycemic Agents/chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Molecular Structure , Secondary Metabolism , Talaromyces/chemistry , Tylophora/microbiology , Xanthine Oxidase/antagonists & inhibitors
19.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 723-727, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870699

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical features of aortoesphageal fistula (AEF) patients with massive upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.Methods:Five AEF patients with massive upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage admitted in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2016 January 1st to 2019 December 31st. The clinical data, endoscopic findings, radiological manifestations, treatment and clinical outcomes were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among 5 patients, 4 were males, 1 was female with an average age of (58±8) years old. The underlying conditions were atherosclerosis ( n=4), hypertension ( n=3), hyperlipidemia ( n=1); 2 cases had aortic aneurysm stent implantation and 1 case of rheumatic heart disease had valve replacement. All 5 patients were complicated with hematemesis and hypovolemic shock, and 4 cases had sentinel hemorrhage. Contrast-enhanced CT or CT angiography of the aorta showed thicken esophageal wall, local esophageal discontinuity, aortic aneurysm, gas around the aortic stent and contrast agent spilling over. The gastroscopy showed esophageal depression lesions, deep ulcers, mucosal erosion with bleeding. Conservative therapy and endoscopic hemostasis failed, 2 patients died without surgical intervention; 3 patients underwent emergency surgeries, 2 survived and 1 died perioperatively. Conclusions:Aortoesophageal fistula is in lack of specific clinical manifestations but is highly in mortality. Therefore CT and gastrocopic examination should be performed for suspected patients, early diagnosis and surgical treatment are the key to save patients′ lives.

20.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 183-186, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870443

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the surgical treatment of malignant carotid body tumor (MCBT).Methods:A retrospective analysis of 14 MCBT patients admitted at our hospital from Mar 2005 to Nov 2019 was made, and the imaging data, surgical records, perioperative complications and follow-up data were collected.Results:There were 8 males and 6 females, with an average age of (40.8±11.3) years. 10 patients underwent surgical resection of CBT, with one case undergoing tumor enucleation only, nine cases underwent internal carotid artery reconstruction, and all patients underwent intraoperative lymph node biopsy.Tumors were completely removed in all 10 patients. No perioperative death or cerebral infarction occurred. The intraoperative blood loss was (955±658.5) ml. Four patients had permanent nerve injury after surgery. The follow-up time ranged 1-132 months. There were no cases of cerebral infarction or death, and the reconstructed graft remained patent. Apart from the 2 patients who developed tumor metastasis after surgery, other patients recovered uneventfully with no disease progression.Conclusions:Surgery is still the main treatment for MCBT, but MCBT is large and Shamblin class is more advanced. Therefore, complete tumor removal and reconstruction of the carotid arteries are difficult. Surgery should seek to completely remove the tumor and neck lymph node biopsy should be performed to determine the lymph node metastasis.

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