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1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 881-888, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911908

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence, risk factors and early prognosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) after heart valve surgery in adults, and to provide evidence for the early prevention and treatment of AKI after heart valve surgery.Methods:Clinical data of patients undergoing heart valve surgery from January 2016 to March 2017 were collected retrospectively. Early postoperative AKI was diagnosed and staged according to Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) clinical guidelines for AKI. Patients were divided into AKI group and non-AKI group according to whether AKI occurred within 48 hours after surgery, and the differences in clinical indexes between the two groups were compared and analyzed. Influencing factors for early postoperative AKI were screened by stepwise multivariate logistic regression.Results:A total of 600 patients were enrolled, including 197 patients in the AKI group and 403 patients in the non-AKI group. The incidence of AKI was 32.83%. In the non-AKI and AKI groups, proportion of renal replacement therapy (RRT) during hospitalization, mechanical ventilation time, intensive care unit (ICU) time and proportion of hospital mortality were different (all P<0.001). In the AKI group, 160 patients (81.22%) were in stage I, 33 patients (16.75%) were in stage Ⅱ, and 4 patients (2.03%) were in stage Ⅲ. The proportion of patients receiving RRT, mechanical ventilation time, ICU time, hospital mortality were also different in patients with AKI of different stages (all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis results showed that males, body mass index≥24.0 kg/m 2, previous history of cardiac surgery, baseline serum creatinine >115 mmol/L, albumin<35 g/L, aortic occlusion time (AOT)>90 min, blood glucose in ICU after operation>11.1 mmol/L, the difference between the highest blood glucose within 48 hours after the operation and the blood glucose at 0 h after the operation≥2 mmol/L, blood lactic acid in ICU after operation>4 mmol/L and maximum vasoactive drug score within 48 hours after surgery>9 were independent influencing factors for early AKI (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The incidence of AKI within 48 hours after heart valve surgery is over 30%. The independent influencing factors include male, overweight/obesity, previous cardiac surgery, preoperative renal insufficiency, hypoproteinemia, long duration of AOT, post-operative stress hyperglycemia, fluctuating blood glucose levels wildly, hyperlactacidemia, and using more vasoactive drugs. AKI after cardiac surgery affects the early prognosis of patients, the later of the stage leads to the worse prognosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911687

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of internal stenting for preventing biliary anastomotic complications during complex duct-to-duct biliary reconstruction of orthotopic liver transplantation.Methods:From December 1, 2018 to April 30, 2020, intraductal stent was placed in 6 cases of complex biliary tract reconstruction during liver transplantation. Postoperative prognosis, recovery of bilirubin and biliary enzymes, management of intraductal stent and occurrence of postoperative biliary complications were observed.Results:All of them recovered and were discharged smoothly and bilirubin and biliary enzymes normalized before discharge. The average peak values of total bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, total bile acid and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase were 83.8±56.4 μmol/L, 151.5±76.3 U/L, 301.7±177.0 U/L and 98.4±80.9 μmol/L and the average turning points of total bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, total bile acid and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase 2.3±1.0, 3.0±1.1, 3.8±1.2 and 1.8±0.8 days; average time of complete recovery of total bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, total bile acid and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase 7.7±5.1, 5.0±4.9, 23.5±7.6 and 3.8±2.4 days respectively. Intraductal stent was removed by gastroduodenoscopy ( n=3) and slipped off ( n=3). Except for one case of asymptomatic anastomotic stricture at 1 year post-operation, no biliary complications occurred during follow-ups. Conclusions:The placement of intraductal stent during complex biliary reconstruction of liver transplantation can effectively promote the recovery of postoperative liver function, enhance the quality-of-life of patients, effectively avoid the occurrence of biliary anastomotic complications and ensure the safety of patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of esophagogastric anastomosis with double muscle flap plasty in total laparoscopic radical resection of proximal gastric cancer.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 5 patients undergoing radical resection of proximal gastric cancer in Cancer Hospital of China Medical University from January to December 2020 were collected. All 5 cases were male, aged from 57 to 72 years, with a median age of 65 years. All 5 patients underwent total laparoscopic radical resection of proximal gastric cancer combined with esophagogastric anastomosis with double muscle flap plasty. Observation indicators: (1) operative situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect postoperative anastomosis, esophageal reflux, nutritional status, quality of life, tumor recurrence and metastasis of patients up to February 2021. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Operative situations: all 5 patients underwent surgery successfully. The operation time, time of esophagogastric anastomosis with double muscle flap plasty, number of lymph node dissected, volume of intraoperative blood loss, length of surgical incision of 5 patients were (316±41)minutes,(109±11)minutes, 26±4, (48±12)mL, (3.4±0.4)cm, respectively. Results of intraoperative rapid frozen section pathological examination showed negative of esophageal margin. (2) Postoperative situations: the time to postoperative initial flatus, time to postoperative initial food intake, during of postoperative hospital stay, cost of treat-ment of 5 patients were (4.8±1.5)days, (5.8±1.5)days, (11.6±2.1)days and (5.5±0.4)×10 4 yuan, respectively. Results of postoperative pathological examination of 5 patients showed gastric adeno-carcinoma in all 5 patients including 4 cases with moderately and poorly differentiated adeno-carcinoma and 1 case with highly differentiated adenocarcinoma, with the TNM staging of pT1a-3N0-1 M0 stage. Of the 5 patients, 1 case underwent postoperative mild pneumonia and was cured by conservative treatment such as anti-infection and promotion of sputum evacuation. (3) Follow-up: all 5 patients were followed up for 2 to 12 months, with a median follow-up time of 6 months. Of the 5 patients, 4 cases underwent anastomotic patency and 1 case underwent mild anastomotic stenosis who was improved after endoscopic treatment. None of the 5 patients underwent reflux esophagitis. The body mass index, the score of nutritional risk screening 2002, the score of patient-generated subjective global assessment and the score of tumor patient quality of life of 5 patients were 21 kg/m 2(range, 19-27 kg/m 2), 2(range, 1-2), 2(range, 1-3) and 47(range, 42-52), respectively. None of the 5 patients underwent tumor recurrence or metastasis. Conclusion:Esophagogastric anas-tomosis with double muscle flap plasty can be used in total laparoscopic radical resection of proximal gastric cancer which will lead to satisfactory short-term efficacy.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881471

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the current status of multiple antibiotic residues in meat and meat products in Shanghai based on a 5-year surveillance, and perform the health risk assessment. Methods:We performed the examination in accordance with the Manual for National Food Contamination and Harmful Factor Risk Monitoring, and conduct health risk assessment according to the national limit standards on the monitoring data of 2016‒2020. Results:The total detection rate of multiple antibiotics in meat and meat products in Shanghai was determined to be 16.03%, in which the total unqualified rate was 1.97%. Moreover, the detection rate of quinolones was 2.78% and its unqualified rate was 0.83%. The unqualified rate of loxacin in cooked meat products was 2.12%. The detection rate of tetracyclines was 17.06% and its unqualified rate was 0.34%, in which the highest detection rate was identified in doxycycline (11.64%). The detection rate of sulfonamides was 3.16%, in which the highest detection rate was in sulfamethazine (1.05%). The detection rate of florfenicol was 5.15% and its unqualified rate was 0.12%. The difference of ofloxacin residues between diverse food categories (χ2=17.44, P<0.05) and processing links (χ2 =14.10, P<0.05) was statistically significant. In addition, the sum amount of ofloxacin, enrofloxacin and ciprofloxacin in cooked meat products was higher than other food categories; the unqualified rate and residual amount of ofloxacin available in online stores and catering links were both higher. The residual amount of doxycycline and the unqualified rate in the online store link were significantly higher than those in other links. Based on preliminary assessment, the high exposure values in the 97.5 percentile of meat and meat products accounted for a very low proportion of the corresponding acceptable daily intake (ADI) and posed a low health risk to the population. Conclusion:The total detection rate of tetracyclines in meat and meat products is relatively high, which obviously accumulates in the offals of livestock and poultry. In addition, some antibiotics, such as ofloxacin and doxycycline, are relatively high in catering and online stores. It is recommended to strengthen the supervision of quinolones in cooked meat products, especially ofloxacin, enrofloxacin, and ciprofloxacin, and improve the supervision of doxycycline in meat and meat products in online stores.

5.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 226-231, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the early interventions of traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) on the conversion time of nucleic acid in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and find possible underlying mechanisms of action.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 300 confirmed COVID-19 patients who were treated with TCM, at a designated hospital in China. The patients were categorized into three groups: TCM1, TCM2 and TCM3, who respectively received TCM interventions within 7, 8-14, and greater than 15 days of hospitalization. Different indicators such as the conversion time of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid, the conversion time of fecal nucleic acid, length of hospital stay, and inflammatory markers (leukocyte count, and lymphocyte count and percentage) were analyzed to observe the impact of early TCM interventions on these groups.@*RESULTS@#The median conversion times of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid in the three groups were 5.5, 7 and 16 d (P < 0.001), with TCM1 and TCM2 being statistically different from TCM3 (P < 0.01). TCM1 (P < 0.05) and TCM3 (P < 0.01) were statistically different from TCM2. The median conversion times of fecal nucleic acid in the three groups were 7, 9 and 17 d (P < 0.001). Conversion times of fecal nucleic acid in TCM1 were statistically different from TCM3 and TCM2 (P < 0.01). The median lengths of hospital stay in the three groups were 13, 16 and 21 d (P < 0.001). TCM1 and TCM2 were statistically different from TCM3 (P < 0.01); TCM1 and TCM3 were statistically different from TCM2 (P < 0.01). Both leucocyte and lymphocyte counts increased gradually with an increase in the length of hospital stay in TCM1 group patients, with a statistically significant difference observed at each time point in the group (P < 0.001). Statistically significant differences in lymphocyte count and percentage in TCM2 (P < 0.001), and in leucocyte count (P = 0.043) and lymphocyte count (P = 0.038) in TCM3 were observed. The comparison among the three groups showed a statistically significant difference in lymphocyte percentage on the third day of admission (P = 0.044).@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, it was observed that in COVID-19 patients treated with a combination of Chinese and Western medicines, TCM intervention earlier in the hospital stay correlated with faster conversion time of pharyngeal swab and fecal nucleic acid, as well as shorter length of hospital stay, thus helping promote faster recovery of the patient. The underlying mechanism of action may be related to improving inflammation in patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , COVID-19/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Traditional Chinese medicine plays a significant role in the treatment of the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Tanreqing Capsule (TRQC) was used in the treatment of COVID-19 patients in the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. This study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy of TRQC in the treatment of COVID-19.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 82 patients who had laboratory-confirmed mild and moderate COVID-19; patients were treated with TRQC in one designated hospital. The treatment and control groups consisted of 25 and 57 cases, respectively. The treatment group was given TRQC orally three times a day, three pills each time, in addition to conventional Western medicine treatments which were also administered to the control group. The clinical efficacy indicators, such as the negative conversion time of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid, the negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid, the duration of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid, and the improvement in the level of immune indicators such as T-cell subsets (CD3, CD4 and CD45) were monitored.@*RESULTS@#COVID-19 patients in the treatment group, compared to the control group, had a shorter negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid (4 vs. 9 days, P = 0.047) and a shorter interval of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid (0 vs. 2 days, P = 0.042). The level of CD3@*CONCLUSION@#Significant reductions in the negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid and the duration of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid were identified in the treatment group as compared to the control group, illustrating the potential therapeutic benefits of using TRQC as a complement to conventional medicine in patients with mild and moderate COVID-19. The underlying mechanism may be related to the improved levels of the immune indicator CD3


Subject(s)
Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/pathology , Capsules , DNA, Viral/analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Feces/virology , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 131-137, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869610

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of holographic image navigation in urological laparoscopic and robotic surgery.Methods The data of patients were reviewed retrospectively for whom accepted holographic image navigation laparoscopic and robotic surgery from Jan.2019 to Dec.2019 in Beijing United Family Hospital and other 18 medical centers,including 78 cases of renal tumor,2 cases of bladder cancer,2 cases of adrenal gland tumor,1 cases of renal cyst,1 case of prostate cancer,1 case of sweat gland carcinoma with lymph node metastasis,1 case of pelvic metastasis after radical cystectomy.All the patients underwent operations.In the laparoscopic surgery group,there were 27 cases of partial nephrectomy,1 case of radical prostatectomy,2 cases of radical cystectomy and 2 cases of adrenalectomy.In the da Vinci robotic surgery group of 54 cases,there were 51 cases of partial nephrectomy,1 case of retroperitoneal lymph node dissection,1 case of retroperitoneal bilateral renal cyst deroofing and 1 case of resection of pelvic metastasis.There were 41 partial nephrectomy patients with available clinical data for statistic,with a median age of 53.5 years (range 24-76),including 26 males and 15 females.The median R.E.N.A.L score was 7.8 (range 4-11).Before the operation,the engineers established the holographic image based on the contrast CT images and reports.The surgeon applied the holographic image for preoperative planning.During the operation,the navigation was achieved by real time fusing holographic images with the laparoscopic surgery images in the screen.Results All the procedures had been complete uneventfully.The holographic images helped surgeon in understanding the visual three-dimension structure and relation of vessels supplying tumor or resection tissue,lymph nodes and nerves.By manipulating the holographic images extracorporeally,the fused image guide surgeons about location vessel,lymph node and other important structure and then facilitate the delicate dissection.For the 41 cases with available clinical data including 23 cases of robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy and 18 cases of laparoscopic nephrectomy,the median operation time was 140 (range 50-225) min,the median warm ischemia time was 23 (range 14-60) min,the median blood loss was 80(range 5-1 200) ml.In the robotic surgery group,the median operation time was 140 (range 50-215)min,the median warm i schemia time was 21 (range 17-40)min,the median blood loss was 150(range 30-1 200)ml.In the laparoscopic surgery group,the median operation time was 160(range 80-225)min,the median warm ischemia time was 25 (range 14-60)min,the median blood loss was 50 (range 5-1 200) ml.All the patients had no adjacent organ injury during operation.There were 2 cases with Clavien Ⅱ complications.One required transfusion and the other one suffered hematoma post-operation.However,the tumors were located in the renal hilus for these 2 cases and the R.E.N.A.L scores were both 11.Conclusions Holographic image navigation can help location and recognize important anatomic structures during the surgical procedures..This technique will reduce the tissue injury,decrease the complications and improve the success rate of surgery.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828577

ABSTRACT

Objective Post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) and post-operative delirium (POD) are two common post-operative cerebral complications. The current meta-analysis was to systematically review the effects of penehyclidine hydrochloride (PHC) on POCD and POD in surgical patients.Methods Electronic databases were searched to identify all randomized controlled trials comparing PHC with atropine/scopolamine/placebo on POCD and POD in surgical patients. Primary outcomes of interest included the incidences of POCD and POD; the secondary outcomes of interest included peri-operative mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scores. Two authors independently extracted peri-operative data, including patients' baseline characteristics, surgical variables, and outcome data. For dichotomous data (POCD and POD occurrence), treatment effects were calculated as odds ratio () and 95% confidential interval (). Each outcome was tested for heterogeneity, and randomized-effects or fixed-effects model was used in the presence or absence of significant heterogeneity. For continuous variables (MMSE scores), treatment effects were calculated as weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% . Statistical significance was defined as <0.05.Results Our search yielded 33 studies including 4017 patients. Meta-analysis showed that, the incidence of POCD in PHC group was comparable to that in saline group (=0.97; 95% : 0.58-1.64; =0.92), scopolamine group (=0.78; 95% : 0.48-1.27; =0.32) and atropine group (=1.20; 95% : 0.86-1.67; =0.29). The incidence of POD in PHC group was comparable to that in saline group (=1.53; 95% : 0.81-2.90; =0.19) and scopolamine group (=0.53; 95% : 0.06-4.56; =0.56), but higher than that in atropine group (=4.49; 95% : 1.34-15.01; =0.01).Conclusions PHC premedication was not associated with increased incidences of POCD or POD as compared to either scopolamine or placebo.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a HIV-1 gp120 transgenic mice (gp120 Tg) with vimentin (VIM) gene knockout.@*METHODS@#Female HIV-1 gp120 Tg mice were mated to VIM heterozygote mice (F0). All the offspring mice were derived from these original founders so that both genotypes had the same mixed genetic background. The F1 mice were bred to generate of VIM, VIM, VIM/gp120 Tg and VIM/gp120 Tg mice. PCR was performed for genotyping of the mice, and the expressions of VIM and gp120 in the brain tissues were examined using immunoblotting.@*RESULTS@#The results of PCR showed the presence of the target bands in VIM, VIM, VIM/gp120 Tg and VIM/gp120 Tg mice. In VIM/gp120 Tg mice, gp120 expression was detected throughout the brain regions while no VIM expression was detected.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We generated gp120 transgenic mouse models with VIM gene knockout, which facilitate the exploration of the role of VIM in gp120-induced neurotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Disease Models, Animal , Female , HIV Envelope Protein gp120 , HIV-1 , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Mice, Transgenic , Vimentin
10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 416-421, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821866

ABSTRACT

In recent years, researches constituted to show that the occurrence of central nervous system diseases such as Parkinson′s disease, Alzheimer′s disease and multiple sclerosis may have association with the inflammation of central nervous system. The chemokine CX3CL1 is mainly produced by neurons and acts on the central nervous system. After binding to the receptor CX3CR1, by inhibiting the calcium influx induced by NMDA in neurons, it can promote the activation of protein kinase and activate nuclear transcription factor kappa B, reduce the release of inflammatory factors, and stabilize the status of microglia, thus suppress the inflammatory response of the central nervous system and reduce neuronal death, which play a certain role in neuroprotective effect. Therefore, the interaction between CX3CL1 and CX3CR1 is expected to be a new target in the treatment of central nervous system diseases. In this paper, the structure of CX3CL1 and its receptor CX3CR1, the interaction of signal axis and their research progress on central nervous system diseases are reviewed.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879372

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#A3 intertrochanteric fracture is an extremely unstable fracture, which is often treated with intramedullary nail, but the implant failure is common due to the posterior medial fragment cannot be reconstructed. A new medial sustainable nail (MSN-Ⅱ) which can reconstruct the femoral medial support by sustainable screw was introduced in this study. The mechanical effect was verified by biomechanical experiment.@*METHODS@#The loss medial support model of intertrochanteric fracture (A3) was made by artificial Sawbones model, fixed with MSN-Ⅱ and PFNA-Ⅱ, underwent axial loading and axial failure tests. The axial stiffness, yield load, displacement of head-neck fragment and torsional angle of fracture site of these nails were recorded and compared for biomechanical differences. The effect of early reconstruction of medial support with MSN-Ⅱ was determined.@*RESULTS@#The axial stiffness, yield load, the displacement of head and neck fragment when the axial load was 1 800 N and torsional angle of the fracture site after the axial failure test of MSN-Ⅱ were (222.76 ±62.46) N /mm, (4 241.71 ±847.42) N, (11.51 ±0.62) mm, (1.71 ±0.10)° respectively, while the PFNA -Ⅱ was (184.58±40.59) N /mm, (3 058.76±379.63) N, (16.15±1.36) mm, (2.52±0.26)°respectively. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant.@*CONCLUSION@#The axial stiffness of MSN-Ⅱ is better than that of PFNA-Ⅱ. The MSN-Ⅱ can bear more loads when fixed A3.3 intertrochanteric fracture and has greater axial and rotational stability. It is an effective means to reconstruct the medial support of A3 intertrochanteric fracture.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Nails , Bone Screws , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865102

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical evaluation effects of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) risk assessment scale on preoperative and surgical risk of liver transplantation during the COVID-19 outbreak.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 6 liver transplant recipients who were admitted to Southern Theater Command General Hospital of PLA between January 20 and March 27, 2020 were collected. There were 5 males and 1 female, aged from 42.0 to 62.0 years, with a median age of 53.0 years. There were 6 donors including 5 males and 1 female, aged from 24.0 to 60.0 years, with a median age of 41.5 years. All the donor livers were obtained through the China Organ Transplant Response System. Liver transplantation was performed in the fixed negative pressure operating room, and secondary protective measures were adopted for low-risk donors. Classic orthotopic liver transplantation or Piggyback liver transplantation was performed according to the specific situations of the recipients. Medical staffs in the ward were exposed to the secondary protective measures, and the three-grade protective measures were adopted for medical staffs when the liver transplant recipients had fever or suspected infection. Observation indicators: (1) risk assessment of COVID-19 on liver transplant recipients; (2) risk assessment of COVID-19 on medical staffs of liver transplantation; (3) treatment situations of liver transplant recipients; (4) postoperative situations of liver transplant recipients; (5) follow-up of liver transplant recipients; (6) infection of medical staffs of liver transplantation. Follow-up was performed using outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect whether liver transplant recipients had suspected or confirmed COVID-19 infection up to March 2020. Medical staffs who were involved in organ acquisition, transplantation surgery and ward management were followed up to detect whether they had suspected or confirmed COVID-19 infection within 14 days. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range). Count data were expressed as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Risk assessment of COVID-19 on liver transplant recipients: all the 6 recipients and their related families were confirmed no contact with suspected COVID-19 patients or travel history in the epidemic area within 14 days. Of the 6 recipients, 1 was diagnosed with fever with body temperature of 38.1 ℃ and was tested negative for chest computer tomography (CT) examination and nucleic acid test for COVID-19; 1 was diagnosed with fever and hypoxemia with body temperature of 38.5 ℃ and was tested negative for nucleic acid test for COVID-19, and the results of chest CT examination showed large amount of pleural effusion in both lungs without invasive pneumonia; other 4 recipients had no clinical symptoms of COVID-19 with negative results of chest CT examination and nucleic acid test for COVID-19. Five of the 6 recipients had no history of contact with COVID-19 patients and 1 recipient had treatment history at hospital of risk level 1. The preoperative risk level of COVID-19 was low in all the 6 liver transplant recipients. (2) Risk assessment of COVID-19 on medical staffs of liver transplantation: of the 6 recipients, 5 had the waiting hospital of risk level 0 and 1 had the waiting hospital of risk level 1. Six recipients had the transplant hospital of risk level 0. (3) Treatment situations of liver transplant recipients: of the 6 recipients, 2 underwent classic orthotopic liver transplantation and 4 underwent piggyback liver transplantation. The cold ischemia time of liver, time of anhepatic phase, volume of intraoperative blood loss, operation time, treatment time at intensive care unit of the 6 recipients were (5.9±2.4)hours, (49±14)minutes, 1 500 mL(range, 800-1 800 mL), (8.9±2.1)hours, 2 days(range, 1-4 days), respectively. Of the 6 recipients, 2 required adjustment of the immunosuppression program, and 4 did not change the immunosuppression program. (4) Postoperative situations of liver transplant recipients: of the 6 recipients, 5 had no postoperative serious infection and 1 had postoperative serious infection. The 5 recipients without postoperative serious infection had the range of the highest temperature as 37.8-38.5 ℃, and returned to normal temperature within postoperative 3 days. All of the 5 recipients who had no postoperative serious infection received chest CT examination with no obvious manifestation of viral pneumonia and were tested negative for nucleic acid test for COVID-19 at 1 week postoperatively, and then were discharged from hospital. One recipient who had postoperative serious infection had gastrointestinal fistula and repeated fever at postoperative 7 days with the highest temperature as 39.2 ℃. This recipient had body temperature returned to normal and good function of the graft after treatment in the isolation ward with active drainage, and was transferred back to local hospital for further rehabilitation treatment. The duration of hospital stay of the 6 recipients were 30 days(range, 15-74 days). (5) Follow-up of liver transplant recipients: all the 6 recipients were followed up for 31.5 days(range, 12.0-64.0 days) with the normal body temperature, and they had negative results of viral pneumonia for chest CT examination and nucleic acid test for COVID-19. (6) Infection of medical staffs of liver transplantation: surgeons, nurses, anesthetists, medical staffs at ICU and medical staffs at liver transplantation center who participated in liver transplantation had good health within postoperative 14 days, without suspected or confirmed cases of COVID-19 infection.Conclusions:The COVID-19 risk assessment scale has good safety for liver transplant recipients during the COVID-19 outbreak. It is suggested that organ transplantation can be carried out in low-risk recipients and cautiously carried out in recipients of uncertain risk, but organ transplantation should not be carried out in high-risk recipients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847556

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cannulated screw fixation is the first choice for the treatment of fresh femoral neck fracture. However, in the patients with bone defect, the mechanical conduction and stability of the proximal femur are obviously changed, which easily leads to the failure of internal fixation, nonunion or delayed healing of the fracture, so the study of biomechanics has important clinical significance. OBJECTIVE: To explore the biomechanical changes of proximal femur with posterior-inferior bone defect using finite element analysis, compare the biomechanical effect of cannulated screws with different configurations in treatment of adductive femoral neck fractures. METHODS: Original DICOM data of CT scan of proximal femur in an adult healthy male volunteer were obtained. MIMICS 10.01 software and Rhino3D NURBS software were used to make the models of femoral neck fracture with different degrees of posterior-inferior bone defects (no defect model, small defect model, medium defect model and large defect model). Two configurations of cannulated screws (inverted triangle and positive triangle) were used in four models. Mesh generation and material property assignment were conducted after assembly. The coupling relationship was established between the center and the surface of the femoral head by ABAQUS 6.12 software. The load and constraints of slow walking were applied to all models. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The inner side of the femoral neck was subjected to compressive stress, and the lateral side was subjected to tensile stress for the non-defect model. The stress distribution of the femoral head was more uniform. With the increase of the degrees of posterior-inferior bone defect, the stress peak value of femoral head, femoral neck pressure side and tension side, and cannulated screw tail were increased gradually. (2) With the increase of the defect degree, the peak value of the stress on the pressure side of the cannulated screw increased gradually. In the middle and large defect models, the stress in the inverted triangle group was higher than in the regular triangle group (P 0.05). (3) With the increase of the defect degree, the peak stress on tension side of cannulated screw increased gradually. In the model of no defect and small defect, the stress in the regular triangle group was higher than in the inverted triangle group (P 0.05). (5) With the increase of the defect degree, the peak value of stress in the tail of cannulated screw increased gradually. In the small, medium and large defect models, the stress in the inverted triangle group was higher than in the regular triangle group (P 0.05). (6) Results suggested that different degrees of posterior-inferior bone defects could obviously affect the biomechanical properties of the proximal femur. For femoral neck fracture with no defect or lesser degree of defect, the biomechanical effect of inverted triangle was superior to regular triangle. For femoral neck fracture with big defect, the biomechanical effect of regular triangle was superior to inverted triangle.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2091-2095, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817186

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To provide scientific basis for the utilization and development of Miao medicine Oxalis corniculata by promoting the quality standard of it. METHODS: Total of 12 batches of O. corniculata were collected from Guizhou, Anhui and Henan, etc. Microscopic characteristics of 12 batches of O. corniculata powder were observed. According to the corresponding methods in 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (part Ⅳ), TLC was used for qualitative identification [developing solvent was trichloromethane-methanol-formic acid (8 ∶ 1 ∶ 0.1, V/V/V)], and the contents of moisture, total ash, acid insoluble ash and alcohol soluble extractive from 12 batches of O. corniculata were determined. The content of isovitexin was determined by HPLC. The determination was performed on Venusil XBP C18 (L) with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid solution  (15 ∶ 85, V/V) at the flow rate of 1 mL/min. The column temperature was 35 ℃, and the detection wavelength was set at 338 nm. The sample size was 10 μL. RESULTS: Microscopic observation showed that the powder was grayish brown to yellowish brown, with many non-glandular hairs and obvious fibrous pore. Results of TLC identification showed that the spots of the same color appeared in the corresponding positions of the test and the control chromatogram. The contents of moisture, total ash, acid insoluble ash and alcohol soluble extract from samples were 6.66%-12.13%, 9.16%-13.79%, 1.58%-4.63% and 5.22%-15.79%, respectively. Results of HPLC method showed that the concentration of isovitexin showed a good linear relationship in the range of 5.20-78.3 μg/mL (r=0.999 0); RSDs of reproducibility (n=9), intermediate precision (n=6) and stability (24 h, n=6) tests were all lower than 2.0%; and the recovery rates were 97.54%-99.52% (RSD=0.74%, n=6); the contents of isovitexin in 12 batches of O. corniculata were 0.036%-0.144% (n=3). CONCLUSIONS: Qualitative and quantitative identification methods of O. corniculate were established, which can be used as a reference for improving the quality standard of O. corniculata.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818904

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of malaria vector control measures so as to provide the evidence for consolidating the control effectiveness of malaria and carrying out the vector surveillance in Suizhou City. Methods The distributions of Anopheles sinensis and An. anthropophagus were investigated by the combination of retrospective review and field survey. The changes of density and population of mosquito vectors were investigated and compared among various years. Results From 1985 to 1996, both An. sinensis and An. anthropophagus were found in 18 towns, and An. anthropophagus mosquitoes accounted for 52.3% of the total Anopheles mosquitoes. Only An. sinensis mosquitoes were found in other 26 towns. In 2003 and 2004, An. anthropophagus mosquitoes were found in the original 18 towns, and they accounted for 47.0% and 38.1% respectively, but in 2005, An. anthropophagus mosquitoes were not found in this city. However, the density of An. sinensis presented an upward trend. Conclusions An. anthropophagus population has gradually disappeared in Suizhou City, and currently, An. sinensis is the main Anopheles population, which might be the malaria vector in suitable conditions. Therefore, the surveillance and control of Anophe les vector should be strengthened in order to consolidate the achievements of malaria elimination.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818782

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of malaria vector control measures so as to provide the evidence for consolidating the control effectiveness of malaria and carrying out the vector surveillance in Suizhou City. Methods The distributions of Anopheles sinensis and An. anthropophagus were investigated by the combination of retrospective review and field survey. The changes of density and population of mosquito vectors were investigated and compared among various years. Results From 1985 to 1996, both An. sinensis and An. anthropophagus were found in 18 towns, and An. anthropophagus mosquitoes accounted for 52.3% of the total Anopheles mosquitoes. Only An. sinensis mosquitoes were found in other 26 towns. In 2003 and 2004, An. anthropophagus mosquitoes were found in the original 18 towns, and they accounted for 47.0% and 38.1% respectively, but in 2005, An. anthropophagus mosquitoes were not found in this city. However, the density of An. sinensis presented an upward trend. Conclusions An. anthropophagus population has gradually disappeared in Suizhou City, and currently, An. sinensis is the main Anopheles population, which might be the malaria vector in suitable conditions. Therefore, the surveillance and control of Anophe les vector should be strengthened in order to consolidate the achievements of malaria elimination.

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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 587-591, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755492

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the efficacy of urinary continence in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy with bladder neck extension and mucosal eversion reconstruction anastomosis.Methods From August 2016 to November 2018,31 patients with prostate cancer underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.The patients were 62-85 years old(mean 74.8 years),and the mean PSA score was 16.5 ng/ml(6.8-34.2 ng/ml).The pathological examination confirmed that the Gleason score was 6-9 and the prostate size was 44-83 ml.All patients underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy with bladder neck extension and mucosal eversion reconstruction anastomosis.Surgical procedure:After resection of the prostate in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy,the bladder neck was sutured at 6 o'lock position to narrow the bladder neck (" tennis racquet" reconstruction).The interval was 1 cm,and 2-3 needles were sutured,the distance between the neck of the bladder and the ureter was extended.The bladder neck mucosa and urethral mucosa eversion were performed.The posterior wall of the bladder neck was sutured at interval of 1 cm on both sides of the midline.After the knot was tightened,the posterior wall of the bladder was folded and bladder neck was elevated.The posterior wall of the bladder and the posterior wall of the urethra were sutured to reduce the distance between the bladder and the urethra.Finally,the bladder and urethra were anastomosed.The postoperative urinary continence recovery and the clinical effect were recorded.Results The operation time of 31 patients ranged from 80 to 210,with an average of 139.7 minutes.Intraoperative bleeding was 50-330 ml,with an average of 144.2 ml.None of the patients switched to open surgery during the operation,and there was no injury to large vessels and rectum,and no anastomotic leakage.Postoperative pathology showed 21 cases of pT2 stage,10 cases of pT3 stage,2 cases of positive margin,including 1 case of basal part and 1 case of apex part,both of which received medical castration therapy postoperatively.The surgical margin was positive in 2 cases (6.45%).31 patients removed the urinary catheter in ten days after surgery.17 cases (54.8%) recovered instantly urinary continence;7 cases (22.6%) urinary continence in 1 month after operation;4 cases (12.9%) urinary continence in 3 months after operation;and 3 cases (9.7%) urinary control in 6 months after operation.One case had urinary retention after removing the urinary catheter,and cathetered for 2 more weeks.After pulling out again,the urinary continence was good.Conclusions Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy with bladder neck extension and mucosal eversion reconstruction anastomosis may be helpful for early recovery of urinary continence.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754601

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Objective To explore the effects of probiotics on intestinal function, nutritional status and inflammatory response in critically ill patients with enteral nutrition (EN) support. Methods A total of 90 critically ill patients admitted to Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from July 2016 to November 2018 were enrolled, and they were divided into a probiotics combined with EN group (27 cases) and an simple EN group (63 cases) according to random number table method. The patients in the simple EN group were treated with conventional nutrient preparations such as fresubin or fresubin energy fibre; the patients in probiotics combined with EN group were supplemented with probiotics on the basis of conventional EN support for consecutive 7 days in both groups. The changes of gastrointestinal function, nutritional index and inflammatory response index after treatment were observed in both groups. Results After treatment, the subjective global assessment (SGA) method was used to identify the gradation of the patients, it was shown that the proportion of SGA-B grade patients in simple EN group had an upward trend; while the proportion of SGA-B grade patients in probiotics combined with EN group had no significant change; and there was no significant difference in the proportion of SGA-B patients between simple EN group and probiotics combined with EN group after treatment [20.6% (13/63) vs. 7.4% (2/27),P > 0.05]. Compared with those before treatment, the levels of hemoglobin (Hb), white blood cell count (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukins (IL-6, IL-12) in both groups were significantly decreased, while the levels of albumin (Alb), pre-albumin (PA), total lymphocyte count (TLC) in both groups were increased after treatment, and the changes of Hb, TNF-α, IL-6 in probiotics combined with EN group were more significant than those in the simple EN group [Hb (g/L): 95.0 (78.0, 107.0) vs. 93.0 (80.0, 107.0), TNF-α (pg/L): 21.2±4.0 vs. 28.0±5.7, IL-6 (pg/L): 161.3±37.6 vs. 186.2±51.8];the differences in levels of Hb, CRP, TNF-α before and after treatment between the probiotics combined with EN group and simple EN group were statistically significant [Hb (g/L): 1.0 (-4.0, 12.0) vs. 11.0 (1.0, 20.0), CRP (mg/L): 44.3 (13.7, 57.7) vs. 7.5 (-20.1, 62.4), TNF-α (pg/L): 13.3±6.3 vs. 7.9±5.5, all P < 0.05]. There were no statistical significant differences in the other indicators between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusion Probiotics can improve the gastrointestinal function and inflammatory status of critically ill patients with EN support, regretfully, in a short term, the improvement of nutritional status of such patients is not obvious, but probiotics has certain significance in preventing the risk of aggravation of malnutrition and reduction of Hb level.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753478

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to explore a new way to cultivate college students' autonomous learning ability by taking the flipped classroom teaching of molecular medicine in medical colleges as an example. In view of the specific teaching content and characteristics of molecular medicine, we formulated a mixed teaching plan based on flipped classroom. By setting the teaching objectives and tasks beforehand, students were guided to explore and acquire knowledge independently from the abundant teaching resources library. In order to test the effect of students' autonomous learning and expand the cultivation of students' ability of information collection and processing, inquiry initiation, and communication and cooperation, we launched classroom discussions, communications, questions answering and group collaborative research topic-based reports. Through the reform of teaching assessment system, students' autonomous learning status can be effectively monitored to help ensure the implementation of the flipped classroom.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773708

ABSTRACT

Tripterygium wilfordii preparations,with various biological activities such as immunosuppressive,anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects,are widely used in the treatment of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis,lupus erythematosus,and nephrotic syndrome. They have definite therapeutic effect,but often cause serious adverse reactions and result in damages to liver,kidney,blood,reproduction,and other systems due to their complex compositions,great toxicity,and narrow margin between the toxic and therapeutic dosages. At present,T. wilfordii preparations produced by different manufacturers exhibit large variations in clinical efficacy and side effects in account of their different chemical compositions and quality fluctuation due to differences in raw materials and production process. However,the existing quality standards are controversial in terms of index components and content limit,which cannot be effectively used for the overall quality control of the preparations. In this paper,the research progress on chemical constituents,quality standard and quality control methods of four T. wilfordii preparations including Tripterygium Tablets,Tripterygium Zongtie Tablets,Tripterygium Shuangceng Tablets and Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets was reviewed,in order to provide ideas and reference for the quality improvement of this type of preparations.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Quality Control , Tablets , Tripterygium , Chemistry
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