Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Add filters

Year range
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928580


OBJECTIVES@#To study the association of the levels of heavy metals and trace elements during pregnancy with congenital heart defects (CHD) in offspring, and to establish a model for predicting the probability of CHD based on the levels of heavy metals and trace elements during pregnancy.@*METHODS@#Based on the prospective birth cohort study in Gansu Provincial Maternal and Child Health Hospital in 2010-2012, a nested case-control study was conducted for the follow-up observation of 14 359 pregnant women. Among the pregnant women, 97 pregnant women whose offspring were diagnosed with CHD during follow-up were enrolled as the CHD group, and 194 pregnant women whose offspring had no CHD were selected as the control group. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to measure the levels of heavy metals and trace elements in maternal blood samples and fetal umbilical cord blood samples. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between heavy metal and trace elements and CHD in offspring. A nomogram model for predicting the probability of CHD in offspring was established based on the levels of heavy metals and trace elements during pregnancy.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the CHD group had significantly higher levels of aluminum (Al), natrium (Na), calcium (Ca), titanium (Ti), selenium (Se), strontium (Sr), stannum (Sn), stibium (Sb), barium (Ba), and thorium (Th) in maternal blood samples (P<0.05), as well as significantly higher levels of Al, zinc (Zn), magnesium (Mg), kalium (K), Ca, Ti, chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), arsenic (As), Se, Sr, argentum (Ag), cadmium (Cd), Sn, and plumbum (Pb) in umbilical cord blood (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the increase in the Sb level in maternal blood was associated with the increase in the risk of CHD in offspring [adjusted odds ratio (aOR)=4.81, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.65-14.07, P=0.004], while in umbilical cord blood, the high levels of Al (aOR=4.22, 95%CI: 1.35-13.16, P=0.013), Mg (aOR=8.00, 95%CI: 1.52-42.08, P=0.014), and Pb (aOR=3.82, 95%CI: 0.96-15.23, P=0.049) were significantly associated with the risk of CHD in offspring. The levels of Al, Th, and Sb in maternal blood and levels of Al, Mg, and Pb in umbilical cord blood were included in the predictive model for CHD in offspring based on the levels of heavy metals and trace elements during pregnancy, and the calibration curve of the nomogram predictive model was close to the ideal curve.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Increases in the levels of Al, Th, Sb, Mg, and Pb during pregnancy may indicate the increase in the risk of CHD in offspring, and the nomogram predictive model based on these indices can be used to predict the probability of CHD in offspring.

Case-Control Studies , Child , Cohort Studies , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital/etiology , Humans , Metals, Heavy , Pregnancy , Prospective Studies , Trace Elements/analysis
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777912


Objective To explore the impact of hepatitis B virus infection, intrahepatic cholestasis during pregnancy on the risk of small for gestational age (SGA) and low birth weight (LBW), and analyze the interaction effect. Methods The study was conducted from Jan 2017 to Apr 2018 at the Gansu Provincial Maternity and Child Care Hospital in Lanzhou, China. The peripheral blood hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and total bile acids of pregnant women were determined by chemiluminescence method, unconditional Logistic regression models were used to estimate association between hepatitis B virus infection, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy and the risk of neonate outcomes. Results After adjusting for confounding factors, compared to normal pregnant women, HBV infection alone or ICP alone during pregnancy did not increase the risk of SGA or LBW. The increased risk of born before term SGA (OR=1.76, 95% CI:1.16-2.65, P=0.007) and LBW infants (OR=1.85, 95%CI:1.44-2.38, P<0.001) were observed in pregnant women with HBV infection and ICP, the additive and multiplicative interaction were also observed for before term SGA [RERI (95% CI) =6.54(0.14-12.94), AP (95% CI) =0.90%(0.68%-1.13%), S (95% CI)=7.03(1.38-42.64)] and LBW [RERI (95% CI) =5.69(0.48-10.90), AP (95% CI) =0.76%(0.55%-0.97%), S (95% CI)=8.02(1.92-33.43)]. Conclusions Our results suggest that pregnancy HBV infection combined with ICP increase the risk of SGA and LBW infants. These two risk factors had a synergistic effect.