Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 11 de 11
Filter
1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 836-846, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007794

ABSTRACT

Aging is an independent risk factor for chronic diseases in the elderly, and understanding aging mechanisms is one of the keys to achieve early prevention and effective intervention for the diseases. Aging process is dynamic and systemic, making it difficult for mechanistic study. With recent advances in aging biomarkers and development of live-imaging technologies, more and more reporter mouse models have been generated, which can live monitor the aging process, and help investigate aging mechanisms at systemic level and develop intervention strategies. This review summarizes recent advances in live-imaging aging reporter mouse models based on widely used aging biomarkers (p16Ink4a, p21Waf1/Cip1, p53 and Glb1), and discusses their applications in aging research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Aged , Aging , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21/metabolism , Biomarkers , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
2.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 442-449, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986874

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between stress glucose elevation and the risk of 28 d all-cause mortality in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, and to compare the predictive efficacy of different stress glucose elevation indicators.@*METHODS@#ICU patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria in the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care Ⅳ (MIMIC-Ⅳ) database were used as the study subjects, and the stress glucose elevation indicators were divided into Q1 (0-25%), Q2 (>25%- 75%), and Q3 (>75%-100%) groups, with whether death occurred in the ICU and the duration of treatment in the ICU as outcome variables, and demographic characteristics, laboratory indicators, and comorbidities as covariates, Cox regression and restricted cubic splines were used to explore the association between stress glucose elevation and the risk of 28 d all-cause death in ICU patients; and subject work characteristics [receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and the area under curve (AUC)] were used to evaluate the predictive efficacy of different stress glucose elevation indicators, The stress hyperglycemia indexes included: stress hyperglycemia ratio (SHR1, SHR2), glucose gap (GG); and the stress hyperglycemia index was further incorporated into the Oxford acute severity of illness score (OASIS) to investigate the predictive efficacy of the improved scores: the AUC was used to assess the score discrimination, and the larger the AUC indicated, the better score discrimination. The Brier score was used to evaluate the calibration of the score, and a smaller Brier score indicated a better calibration of the score.@*RESULTS@#A total of 5 249 ICU patients were included, of whom 7.56% occurred in ICU death. Cox regression analysis after adjusting for confounders showed that the HR (95%CI) for 28 d all-cause mortality in the ICU patients was 1.545 (1.077-2.217), 1.602 (1.142-2.249) and 1.442 (1.001-2.061) for the highest group Q3 compared with the lowest group Q1 for SHR1, SHR2 and GG, respectively, and The risk of death in the ICU patients increased progressively with increasing indicators of stressful blood glucose elevation (Ptrend < 0.05). Restricted cubic spline analysis showed a linear relationship between SHR and the 28 d all-cause mortality risk (P>0.05). the AUC of SHR2 and GG was significantly higher than that of SHR1: AUCSHR2=0.691 (95%CI: 0.661-0.720), AUCGG=0.685 (95%CI: 0.655-0.714), and AUCSHR1=0.680 (95%CI: 0.650-0.709), P < 0.05. The inclusion of SHR2 in the OASIS scores significantly improved the discrimination and calibration of the scores: AUCOASIS=0.820 (95%CI: 0.791-0.848), AUCOASIS+SHR2=0.832 (95%CI: 0.804-0.859), P < 0.05; Brier scoreOASIS=0.071, Brier scoreOASIS+SHR2=0.069.@*CONCLUSION@#Stressful glucose elevation is strongly associated with 28 d all-cause mortality risk in ICU patients and may inform clinical management and decision making in intensive care patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intensive Care Units , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Critical Care , ROC Curve , Hyperglycemia , Glucose
3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 458-467, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To select variables related to mortality risk of stroke patients in intensive care unit (ICU) through long short-term memory (LSTM) with attention mechanisms and Logistic regression with L1 norm, and to construct mortality risk prediction model based on conventional Logistic regression with important variables selected from the two models and to evaluate the model performance.@*METHODS@#Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC)-Ⅳ database was retrospectively analyzed and the patients who were primarily diagnosed with stroke were selected as study population. The outcome was defined as whether the patient died in hospital after admission. Candidate predictors included demogra-phic information, complications, laboratory tests and vital signs in the initial 48 h after ICU admission. The data were randomly divided into a training set and a test set for ten times at a ratio of 8 ∶2. In training sets, LSTM with attention mechanisms and Logistic regression with L1 norm were constructed to select important variables. In the test sets, the mean importance of variables of ten times was used as a reference to pick out the top 10 variables in each of the two models, and then these variables were included in conventional Logistic regression to build the final prediction model. Model evaluation was based on the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. And the model performance was compared with the forward Logistic regression model which hadn't conducted variable selection previously.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 755 patients with 2 979 ICU admission records were included in the analysis, of which 526 recorded deaths. The AUC of Logistic regression model with L1 norm was statistically better than that of LSTM with attention mechanisms (0.819±0.031 vs. 0.760±0.018, P < 0.001). Age, blood glucose, and blood urea nitrogen were at the top ten important variables in both of the two models. AUC, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of Logistic regression models were 0.85, 85.98%, 71.74% and 74.26%, respectively. And the final prediction model was superior to forward Logistic regression model.@*CONCLUSION@#The variables selected by Logistic regression with L1 norm and LSTM with attention mechanisms had good prediction performance, which showed important implications on the mortality prediction of stroke patients in ICU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Critical Care , Intensive Care Units , Logistic Models , Memory, Short-Term , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Stroke
4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 182-184, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326531

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the clinical efficacy and safety of cellulose on functional constipation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A prospective, self-controlled, multicenter clinical trial of cellulose was conducted for 2 weeks in 240 patients with functional constipation according to the Rome III( criteria. Symptoms and characters of feces before and after the treatment were observed and evaluated according to a score scheme.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the 240 patients, the frequencies of defecation increased and the characters of feces was improved significantly after 2-week treatment. There were no adverse reactions observed throughout the clinical trial. The total efficacy was 82.1% at day 7 and 90.7% at day 14. The satisfactory rate of doctors was 83.8% and of patients was 83.8%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cellulose is effective and safe in the treatment of chronic functional constipation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cellulose , Therapeutic Uses , Constipation , Drug Therapy , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 4-5, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258142

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the clinical evaluation role of laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) and laryngeal somatosensory evoked potential (LSEP) in the recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis by anterior elective cervical surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>LEMG and LSEP were determined in 18 patients with recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis by anterior elective cervical surgery at the 1st, 2nd and 4th week after operation. The comparison between the normal control (18 health adults) and the results of LEMG and LSEP were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The latency prolonged and the amplitude decreased of LSEP in all patients as compared with the control group. Furthermore, reinneration potential increased gradually in all patients at the 1st, 2nd and 4th week after operation (P<0.05). The results of LEMG showed increase of denervation potential. The higher the amplitude of LSEP and LEMG, the better the prognosis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LEMG and LSEP might evaluate regenerate the degree of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury caused by anterior elective cervical surgery and predict the prognosis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Elective Surgical Procedures , Electromyography , Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve , General Surgery , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries , Vocal Cord Paralysis , General Surgery
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 128-131, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322814

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of personality-related health risk factors on suicidal ideation among medical students.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>1204 medical students at first grade were selected in Beijing, using random cluster sampling method. Data were obtained through health risk behaviors questionnaire, personality diagnostic questionnaire-4 (PDQ-4) and were analyzed by logistic regression method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 12 risk factors selected from single factor analysis, including physical fight, physical abuse, physically forced to have sexual intercourse, sexual risk behaviors, tobacco and alcohol use behaviors, loneliness, bad mood, insomnia, feeling hopeless, higher PDQ-4 score and internet abuse behaviors. Data from Unconditional logistic regression showed that the main risk factors of suicide ideation were insomnia (OR = 4.98), physical abuse (OR = 4.43), sexual risk behaviors (OR = 2.63), bad mood (OR = 2.32), feeling hopeless (OR = 1.98), higher PDQ-4 score (OR = 1.09) in male students; while fighting (OR = 7.10), loneliness (OR = 4.42), physically forced to have sexual intercourse (OR = 4.19), internet abuse behaviors( OR = 1.39) in female students.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Suicidal ideation was associated with various factors, with significant gender difference.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , China , Risk Factors , Students, Medical , Psychology , Suicide , Psychology
7.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 111-114, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336494

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the changes in pelvic floor morphology and relationships of the pelvic organs in patients with outlet obstructive constipation (OOC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-nine OOC patients and 12 healthy volunteers were examined by simultaneous pelvic four-contrast defecography, including pelvicography, vaginal opacification, voiding cystography and defecography. The levels of perineum, peritoneum and bladder, and anorectal angle were measured and recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 59 OOC patients, 46 cases of internal rectal prolapse (IRP), 29 cases of pelvic floor hernia, 7 cases of rectocele (RC), 7 cases of spastic pelvic floor syndrome (SPFS), 5 cases of descending perineum syndrome were diagnosed by pelvic four-contrast defecography. Six cystoceles and 10 uterine prolapses were also found by pelvic four-contrast defecography. Compared with healthy volunteers, OOC patients had significantly large anorectal angles during defecation (P<0.05), abnormality descending of perineum during rest and defecation (P<0.05, P<0.01), and a deep pouch of Douglas during defecation (P<0.01). OOC patients combined with urinary system symptoms had an abnormal descent of the bladder during rest and defecation (P<0.05, P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pelvic four-contrast defecography is an effective method for the diagnosis of IRP, RC, pelvic floor hernia, peritoneocele, cystocele and uterine prolapse, and is helpful in the selection of proper surgical procedures for the treatment of OOC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Case-Control Studies , Constipation , Diagnostic Imaging , Defecography , Methods , Intestinal Obstruction , Pelvis , Diagnostic Imaging
8.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 119-123, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336492

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the construction of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) labeled recombinant adenovirus containing human stem cell leukemia (hSCL) and its distribution and efficiency in mice with interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) loss.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The recombinant adenovirus Ad-GFP/SCL was constructed by Ad-Easy system based on the homologous recombination in bacteria, then 1.6 x 10(9) PFU of recombinant adenoviruses were injected into Balb/c mice with ICC loss via the tail vein. In vivo distribution and efficiency of recombinant adenoviruses mediated hSCL were observed by GFP under the fluorescent microscope at different phases. The expression of SCL gene was measured by RT-PCR method. The damages were observed in different organs by HE staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The recombinant adenovirus containing hSCL was quickly constructed by homologous recombination in bacteria using Ad-Easy system. Under the fluorescent microscope, GFP was revealed in heart, lung, liver, spleen, kidney, small intestine and large intestine of mice with ICC loss at different phases. No obvious damages were observed in various visceral organs by HE staining. RT-PCR showed SCL mRNA expression in various visceral organs at different levels.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Construction of adenovirus vector by the homologous recombination in bacteria is an efficient and time saving method, and a high titer of adenovirus is able to mediate the safe and stable expression of SCL gene in mice with ICC loss. This finding will make further gene therapy in mice with STC possible.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Adenoviridae , Genetics , Metabolism , Constipation , Therapeutics , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Recombination, Genetic , Transduction, Genetic
9.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 687-688, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974863

ABSTRACT

@#ObjectiveTo observe the effect of stimulating “Zhiyang” (DU 9) with electric acupuncture apparatus on contents of cAMP and cGMP in plasma of experimental acute myocardial ischemic rabbits.Methods40 rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: the normal control group (A), model group (B), model plus electric acupuncture on “Neiguan” (P 6) group (C) and model plus electric acupuncture on DU 9 group (D). The acute myocardial ischemic model was established by pituitrin (2 U/kg) injected into the vein of rabbit. Electrocardiogram (ECG) of Ⅱ leads was observed and contents of cAMP and cGMP in plasma were tested after electric acupuncture by radio immunoassay.ResultsThe cAMP contents of the group C and group D were lower than that of the group B significantly ( P<0.01), but not different from that of the group A ( P>0.05), and there was no difference between the group C and group D. The contents of cGMP were not different among four groups ( P>0.05).ConclusionPuncturing DU 9 can raise the myocardial endurance to the insufficiency of blood and oxygen. The effects of electric acupuncture on DU 9 and P 6 are the same.

10.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 206-209, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345206

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical value of simultaneously combined pelvic floor dynamic MRI and pelvic organography in diagnosing female pelvic floor disorders and search for the best imaging model for diagnosing pelvic floor disorders.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty women with pelvic floor disorders received pelvic floor dynamic MRI and simultaneously combined pelvic organography including cystourethrography, peritoneography, vaginography and defecography. Clinical diagnostic value was compared between this two methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The diagnostic accuracy of pelvic floor dynamic MRI and simultaneously combined pelvic organograph for cystocele,anorectal junction abnormal descent, pelvic floor hernia,uterocervical prolapse was 100%, 95.2 %, 86.7%, 85.7% respectively. Rectocele and prolapse of rectal were diagnosed by pelvic organograph in 12 and 28 cases respectively, while only 6 and 0 cases were diagnosed by pelvic floor dynamic MRI respectively. The mean examining time of pelvic floor dynamic MRI and simultaneously combined pelvic organography was (16 +/- 3)min, (34 +/- 9)min respectively (P< 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pelvic floor dynamic MRI combined with defecography is the best imaging model for diagnosing pelvic floor disorders.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Encopresis , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Genital Diseases, Female , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Pelvic Floor , Pelvis , Diagnostic Imaging , Radiography, Abdominal , Urinary Incontinence, Stress , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 853-856, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360947

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Slow transit constipation (STC) is a colonic motor disorder whose etiology remains unclear. Recent studies have demonstrated a crucial role for interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in regulation of intestinal motility. The aim of this study was to examine the distribution of ICC within the normal sigmoid colon and STC patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twelve patients with STC and eight age-matched controls were studied. ICC were identified with a monoclonal antibody to c-kit by an indirect immunofluorescence method. Immunostained tissues were examined with a laser scanning confocal microscope and the area occupied by ICC was calculated with image analysis software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ICC were located in the external muscle layers including longitudinal muscle (LM), myenteric plexus (MP), circular muscle (CM) and submucosal border (SMB). Two types of Kit-positive ICC were observed: bipolar cells characterized by one or two long processes, and multipolar cells with long stellate processes extending in various directions. A higher percentage of ICC was present in the MP regions and CM layers compared with the SMB and LM layers. Tissues from STC patients showed considerably decreased in number of ICC located in the four regions (ICC-LM, ICC-MP, ICC-CM, ICC-SMP), especially for ICC-SMP, almost completely disappeared.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Decreased c-kit + ICC in number may play an important role in the pathophysiology of STC. It remains to be determined whether loss of ICC is primary or secondary to another lesion.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Case-Control Studies , Colon, Sigmoid , Pathology , Constipation , Pathology , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Gastrointestinal Transit , Physiology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL