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China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 442-447, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928338


OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical efficacy of chiropractic manipulation in the treatment of degenerative scoliosis (DS).@*METHODS@#From June 2017 to September 2019, 120 patients with degenerative scoliosis were randomly divided into treatment group (60 cases) and control group(60 cases). The patients in treatment group were treated with chiropractic manipulation once every other day for 4 weeks. The patients in control group were treated with eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with thoracolumbar orthopedic(TSLO)brace, oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets 50 mg three times a day, wearing TSLO brace for not less than 8 hours a day. The course of treatment was 4 weeks. After the patients were selected into the group, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were recorded before treatment, 1, 2, 3, 4 weeks after treatment and 1 month after treatment. The full length X-ray of the spine was taken before and 4 weeks after treatment, and the scoliosis Cobb angle, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and lumbar lordosis (LL) were measured and compared. The adverse reactions during the treatment were recorded.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in VAS and ODI between two groups at each time point after treatment (P<0.001), VAS and ODI at 2 weeks after treatment (PVAS=0.025, PODI=0.032) and 3 weeks after treatment(PVAS=0.040, PODI=0.044) in treatment group were significantly different from those in control group, but there was no significant difference in VAS and ODI at other time points between treatment group and control group (P>0.05). There was significant difference in Cobb angle between treatment group(P=0.010) and control group(P=0.017) after treatment, but there was no significant difference in LL and SVA between treatment group and control group. There was no significant difference in Cobb angle, LL and SVA between two groups before and after treatment. During the treatment, there were 4 mild adverse reactions in the control group and no adverse reactions in the treatment group.@*CONCLUSION@#Chiropractic manipulation can effectively relieve pain and improve lumbar function in patients with degenerative scoliosis. The onset of action is faster than that oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with TSLO brace, and it has better safety and can improve Cobb angle of patients with degenerative scoliosis.

Humans , Lordosis , Lumbar Vertebrae , Manipulation, Chiropractic , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/therapy , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 802-806, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773831


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influence of individual characteristics of patients on the kinematics parameters of sitting lumbar spine manipulation.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to December 2016, 30 patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis were treatede, including 18 males and 12 females, aged from 45 to 61(52.33±2.34) years old, with a course of 2 to 72(29.13±3.23) months. Motion capture technique was used to measure the kinematics parameters of the same manipulator in sitting lumbar spine manipulation for 30 patients, including rotation time, maximum speed and maximum acceleration. The parameters of the left and right hands of the operator were different. The effects of individual characteristics on the kinematics parameters of sitting lumbar spine manipulation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The kinematic and mechanical parameters of manipulation were as follows:spin time, maximum speed, maximum acceleration, the manipulation done by right or left hand showed the similar parameters(>0.05). According to multivariate linear regression, there was a significant correlation between the age of the patient and the rotation time of the operator(<0.01); the height of patient had a significant correlation with the maximum speed and maximum acceleration of the operator(<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is no difference between the manipulation of left and right hand in clinical application. Age and height are important influencing factors of sitting lumbar rotation manipulation.

Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biomechanical Phenomena , Lumbar Vertebrae , Manipulation, Spinal , Range of Motion, Articular , Sitting Position
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 390-393, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358733


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of temperature dropping process in cold air on the coagulation function both in healthy and hypertensive rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four male healthy Wistar rats and 24 male spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR) were randomly divided into the minimum temperature group (Tim), Tmin control group (Tmin-c), recovery temperature group (Tr) and Tr control group (Tr-c), With the simulated temperature dropping process of a cold air, collected from Zhangye city in March of 2011, the groups of Tmin and Tr were exposed to this process. Both at the Tmin and Tr, blood were collected from the rats for coagulation function measurements.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, no significant difference was found in the results of activated partial thrombin time(APIT), pro-thrombin time (PF) and thrombin time (TT) between any groups in any strains (P > 0.05). The fibrinogen (Fbg) and fibrinogen-time were found to be obvious higher and shorter in Tmin and Tr of healthy rats and in Tmin of hypertensive rats in contrast to the control group. Hypertensive rats had higher level of fibrinogen and shorter level of fibrinogen-time.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The temperature dropping process induced the increase of plasma Fbg both in the healthy and hypertensive subjects, which might be the reason to explain the higher occurrence of cardiovascular diseases event especially these activated through the formation of thrombin during cold air stress. Besides, the coagulation function of healthy subjects was more likely to be affected by cold air than the hypertensive subjects.</p>

Animals , Male , Rats , Blood Coagulation , Cold Temperature , Hypertension , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Wistar , Thrombin Time