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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 821-824, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980801

ABSTRACT

The commonly used terms "sham acupuncture" and "placebo acupuncture" in clinical acupuncture research is compared and analyzed in this article. In terms of their respective characteristics, sham acupuncture has a wider scope, including various types of acupoints, needle insertion at non-acupoint or non-insertion at acupoints, while placebo acupuncture mainly focuses on non-insertion at acupoints. Sham acupuncture mainly emphasizes the appearance similarity to real acupuncture, while placebo acupuncture emphasizes both similarity in appearance and the absence of therapeutic effects. Properly distinguishing and applying sham acupuncture and placebo acupuncture can help standardize their usage in terminology. Considering the difficulty in setting up qualified placebo acupuncture, it is suggested that researchers use the term "sham acupuncture" to describe the acupuncture control methods used in clinical research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Needles , Research Personnel , Clinical Trials as Topic
2.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 62-66, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970714

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary fibrosis is end-stage of variety of heterogeneous interstitial lung disease, characterizedby excessive proliferation of fibroblasts and extracellular matrix deposition and destruction of lung parenchyma. Thyroid and lung are derived from the same endodermal cells, thyroid hormone affect the occurrence、development and prognosis of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer and other lung diseases, This article reviews the role and mechanism of thyroid hormone in pulmonary fibrosis in order to provide new idea for the study of the role and mechanism of thyroid hormone in silicosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Fibrosis/pathology , Lung/pathology , Silicosis , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Fibroblasts , Thyroid Hormones , Fibrosis
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 73-78, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969950

ABSTRACT

In order to specify the information expression of acupuncture effect and realize the knowledge reuse and sharing, in view of animal experiments and clinical trials, the relevant knowledge of acupuncture effect is allocated. Using seven-step method and Protégé5.5.0 tool, the ontology of acupuncture effect is constructed on the base of ISO/TS 16843-6: 2022. A total of 199 classes are constructed, including 7 categories (acupuncture point, acupuncture therapy, needling method, biological process, genes and gene products, disorder, and anatomic structure), 12 object properties, 1 108 instances and 5 123 axioms. A semantic network with the characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion is established and the structured expression for the knowledge of acupuncture effects is obtained, which lays the foundation for the innovation and development in the field of acupuncture and moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture/education , Moxibustion , Acupuncture Points , Knowledge
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 3-7, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969938

ABSTRACT

This paper makes an interpretation of the collection Acupuncture: how to improve the evidence base published by BMJ & BMJ Open. Studies show that the quality of randomized controlled trial (RCT) of acupuncture is low, and multivariable Meta-regression analysis fails to confirm most factors commonly believed to influence the effect of acupuncture. The methodological challenges in design and conduct of RCT in acupuncture were analyzed, and a consensus on how to design high-quality acupuncture RCT was developed. The number of acupuncture systematic reviews was huge but the evidence was underused in clinical practice and health policy, and a large number of western clinical practice guidelines recommended acupuncture therapy, but the usefulness of recommendations needed to be improved. In view of the problems in clinical research on acupuncture mentioned in this collection, combined with the analysis of the purpose of clinical research on acupuncture, perspectives, study types, as well as the relationship between evidence and clinical decision-making, a five-stage study paradigm of clinical research on acupuncture is proposed.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture , Research Design , Consensus
5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 353-360, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982282

ABSTRACT

The clinical questions of acupuncture-moxibustion (Acup-Mox) guidelines are complicated, including not only the curative effect of Acup-Mox intervention measures, but also the operational elements of Acup-Mox. This paper aimed to put forward the idea and process of collecting clinical questions in developing international acupuncture clinical practice guidelines. The experience was collected and the idea of collecting clinical questions of Acup-Mox was formed through expert consultation and discussion in combination with expert opinions. Based on the characteristics of Acup-Mox discipline. This paper put forward the thinking of collecting elements of clinical questions following the intervention-population-outcome-control (I-P-O-C) inquiry process, according to the discipline of Acup-Mox. It was emphasized that in the process of collecting clinical questions, "treatable population" and "alleviable outcome indicators" for a specific Acup-Mox intervention with certain therapeutic effect should be focused on, so as to highlight the pertinence of clinical questions of Acup-Mox guidelines in terms of population and outcome elements.


Subject(s)
Moxibustion , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 327-331, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927383

ABSTRACT

The paper analyzes the specificity of term recognition in acupuncture clinical literature and compares the advantages and disadvantages of three named entity recognition (NER) methods adopted in the field of traditional Chinese medicine. It is believed that the bi-directional long short-term memory networks-conditional random fields (Bi LSTM-CRF) may communicate the context information and complete NER by using less feature rules. This model is suitable for term recognition in acupuncture clinical literature. Based on this model, it is proposed that the process of term recognition in acupuncture clinical literature should include 4 aspects, i.e. literature pretreatment, sequence labeling, model training and effect evaluation, which provides an approach to the terminological structurization in acupuncture clinical literature.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Electronic Health Records , Natural Language Processing
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 116-118, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927344

ABSTRACT

The progress of Chinese clinical research on acupuncture and moxibustion in recent 10 years was reviewed and analyzed, and corresponding suggestions were put forward for the current problems. In the past 10 years, Chinese clinical research on acupuncture and moxibustion has made considerable progress, mainly in the following areas: a series of internationally recognized clinical research evidences have been published, a preliminary acupuncture clinical evaluation system has formed, sham/placebo acupuncture control is widely used internationally, acupuncture clinical research norms and standards have been initially established. However, the following issues still need to be paid attention to in follow-up research: focus on the overall layout and refinement of clinical research, further improvement of clinical evaluation system, developing relevant norms for sham/placebo acupuncture setting and reporting, strengthening data sharing and platform integration, building a smooth basic and two-way transformation clinical pathway, etc.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Moxibustion , Publications
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 355-358, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877620

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the rule of point selection in treatment of cerebral palsy with acupuncture in preschool children.@*METHODS@#Based on the electronic medical records of Xi'an Encephalopathy Hospital of TCM, through structuring medical record text, acupuncture prescriptions were extracted. Using the data mining tools of the ancient and modern medical record cloud platform V2.2.3 and the clinical effective prescription and molecular mechanism analysis system of traditional Chinese medicine V2.0, the cluster analysis and complex network analysis were conducted on acupuncture prescriptions.@*RESULTS@#Of 1584 acupuncture prescriptions for cerebral palsy in children, there were 84 acupoints and stimulating areas of scalp acupuncture, of which, foot-motor-sensory area, balance area and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) were the top 3 acupoints with the highest use rate. With cluster analysis, 5 groups of common supplementary acupoints and stimulating areas were found, named, Weizhong (BL 40) and Waiguan (TE 5), Shousanli (LI 10), Xingjian (LR 2), Xuanzhong (GB 39) and Chengfu (BL 36), foot-motor-sensory area, balance area and Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Xuehai (SP 10) and Fenglong (ST 40), Pishu (BL 20), motor area and Yanglingquan (GB 34). With complex network analysis on core prescriptions, 13 core acupoints and stimulating areas of scalp acupuncture were obtained, including 3 core main points, i.e. Sanyinjiao (SP 6), balance area and foot-motor-sensory area and 10 sub-core points, i.e. Taichong (LR 3), motor area, Xuehai (SP 10), Ganshu (BL 18), Pishu (BL 20), Yanglingquan (GB 34), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Baihui (GV 20), Fengchi (GB 20) and Shenshu (BL 23).@*CONCLUSION@#In treatment of acupuncture for cerebral palsy in preschool children, the core prescriptions reveal the simultaneous treatment of exterior and interior, the mutual regulation of


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cerebral Palsy/therapy , Data Mining , Electronic Health Records
9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 457-461, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826712

ABSTRACT

On the base of the idea of traditional Chinese medicine as "disease prevention", the mode and the protocol of the moxibustion intervention for the group under quarantine after close contact with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were explored. The group under quarantine after close contact with COVID-19 was taken as the subjects. By the non-contact physician-patient communication network platform co-developed by China Association of Acupuncture-Moxibustion, Hunan Provincial Association of Acupuncture-Moxibustion, Data Center of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences and Yuge Medicine Company, an exploratory randomized controlled trial was designed. A total of 100 cases were included and randomized into a moxibustion group and a conventional intervention group, 50 cases in each one. In the moxibustion group, moxibustion intervention was used. In the conventional intervention group, the conventional observation was adopted without moxibusiton intervention applied. The outcomes included the symptoms changes, e.g. anxiety, emotional disturbance, fatigue, headache and diarrhea, as well as whether quarantine release and the case confirmed or not, etc. The results were evaluated before intervention, in 14 days of intervention and 2 weeks after intervention separately. In this research, on the base of internet plus technology and with the internet communication platform adopted, through mobile phone WeChat App, it was to implement the subject screen, the random allocation and the instruction of moxibustion intervention as well as the quality control of patient's diary and data collection. It is anticipated that the significance and the implementation mode of moxibustion intervention can be assessed preliminarily for the group under quarantine after close contact with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Betacoronavirus , China , Coronavirus Infections , Therapeutics , Moxibustion , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Therapeutics , Quarantine
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 571-575, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826693

ABSTRACT

Acupuncture and moxibustion has a wealth of experience in the prevention and control of epidemic disease since ancient times, which was used for all kinds of acute infectious diseases in modern times and its efficacy has been clearly and reliably reported. This article proposes the theoretical feasibility and reliability of acupuncture and moxibustion interventional prevention and treatment by discussing the recognition of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from the perspective of acupuncture and moxibustion. The unique "acupuncture and moxibustion program" for COVID-19 is presented including treatment in different stages, selecting acupoints by distinguishing meridians, applying needle technique by various methods. The article also proposes a new understanding of acupuncture and moxibustion at related acupoints on the surface of the body that can directly affect the "" to treat the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Therapeutics , Moxibustion , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Therapeutics , Reproducibility of Results
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 773-775, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826657

ABSTRACT

To explore the basic principles and methods of quality control of clinical registry research in the field of acupuncture. This study drawed on the data quality control methods of clinical trials in the United States and combined clinical practice experience, based on the "International Patient Registry Platform of Acupuncture and Moxibustion", and the registry study of acupuncture treatment for early-onset ovarian insufficiency as a model. The principles of accuracy, authenticity, consistency and completeness were followed. A remote and on-site quality control method with remote quality control as the main and on-site quality control as the supplement is formed, with a view to providing ideas and reference for the quality control of registry research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Clinical Trials as Topic , Reference Standards , Moxibustion , Quality Control , Registries
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 343-346, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828468

ABSTRACT

As a discipline, the independent knowledge system of acupuncture-moxibustion has been established in - Dynasties, while the education and management institutes have tended to be formalized since Northern and Southern Dynasties and continue to late imperial period. In the period of the Republic of China, acupuncture-moxibustion discipline began to be constructed intentionally, and the knowledge system, education institutes and institution have changed significantly with the characteristics of modern science. Now acupuncture has fully met the conditions of modern subjects. The study of the history of acupuncture-moxibustion discipline needs the perspective of internal and external history integration, focusing on the differences from academic history and educational history. In addition, four important topics in the current research of the history of acupuncture-moxibustion discipline are suggested: the relationship between acupuncture- moxibustion discipline and related disciplines, scientific value and technology philosophy, international recognition and branch disciplines.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , History , China , History, Ancient , Moxibustion , History
13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 908-912, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776243

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically review the current status of application of acupuncture in low back pain guidelines.@*METHODS@#The computer retrieval was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, China Journal Full Text Database (CNKI), China Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), VIP, Wanfang, guidelines databases, and the official websites of WHO and academic organizations (American Pain Society, American College of Physicians, etc.). After screening, the basic information and acupuncture-related issues in the guidelines that met the inclusion criteria were extracted and compared by using Excel software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 35 low back pain guidelines were included. ① One guideline was published before 2000, 16 guidelines were published from 2000 to 2010, and 18 guidelines were published from 2011 to 2017; 17 guidelines were published by the United States, 4 by Canada and China, 2 by New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and Europe, and 1 by Netherlands, Philippines, Denmark and Italy. ② Twenty-three guidelines were evidence-based guidelines, which was developed mainly by system review, meta-analysis and expert consultation, involving diagnosis, treatment, primary care of low back pain. ③ Acupuncture was mentioned in 23 guidelines, of them, 7 guidelines recommended acupuncture, 6 guidelines indicated that acupuncture might be considered under certain conditions such as combined with other therapies or patients were interested in acupuncture, however, 10 guidelines did not recommended acupuncture for low back pain.@*CONCLUSION@#The guidelines of low back pain are mainly developed by Europe countries and the United States, and the majority is published in the last 20 years. Among them, 20% of the guidelines have recommend acupuncture for low back pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Europe , Low Back Pain , Therapeutics , Netherlands , New Zealand , Practice Guidelines as Topic , United Kingdom
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 343-348, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775904

ABSTRACT

On the base of the overall summarization of the development situation of acupuncture standardization, four kinds of relationships are proposed, which needs to be harmonized in the current acupuncture standardization, i.e. standardization and individualization, China acupuncture and world acupuncture, quantity and quality, as well as internal motivation and the government overall instruction. Through in-depth analysis of the problems and their causes, the solutions and measures are put forward, e.g. paying attention to the study on relevant knowledge on standardization and standard publicity, increasing the inputs on theoretic study, strategy study, methodological study as well as the applicability of standards, accelerating the construction of talent team, cultivating and attracting first-class professionals to participate in the standardization work, integrating institutions, straightening out relations as well as improving management system and operation mechanism of acupuncture standardization.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , China , Moxibustion , Reference Standards
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 111-114, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777239

ABSTRACT

The clinical research articles relevant with 's subcutaneous needling therapy (FSN) were retrieved from CNKI, WANFANG, CBM and PubMed databases till January 2018 since the establishment of database. According to the general international criteria of disease classification, the diseases involved in the articles were classified and summarized. In terms of the clinical application and research of FSN, the questions were extracted and commented through expert's consultation. As a result, 412 articles were included. The statistical results of disease spectrum indicated that FSN was adopted in 65 kinds of diseases in 11 systems. Of these diseases, the relevant somatic pain disorders in the musculoskeletal system were the most appropriate. Professor explained that the clinical physicians of FSN should select the muscle-related disorders as the clinical research subject and treat them with normalized manipulation of FSN. The research on FSN is still at the preliminary stage. It needs more high-quality clinical and basic researches to provide the evidences for the therapeutic effects of FSN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Analgesia , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Nociceptive Pain , Therapeutics
16.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 87-93, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331474

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine whether patterns of enterovirus 71 (EV71)-associated hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) were classified based on symptoms and signs, and explore whether individual characteristics were correlated with membership in particular pattern.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Symptom-based latent class analysis (LCA) was used to determine whether patterns of EV71-HFMD existed in a sample of 433 cases from a clinical data warehouse system. Logistic regression was then performed to explore whether demographic, and laboratory data were associated with pattern membership.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>LCA demonstrated a two-subgroup solution with an optimal fit, deduced according to the Bayesian Information Criterion minima. Hot pattern (59.1% of all patients) was characterized by a very high fever and high endorsement rates for classical HFMD symptoms (i.e., rash on the extremities, blisters, and oral mucosa lesions). Non-hot pattern (40.9% of all patients) was characterized by classical HFMD symptoms. The multiple logistic regression results suggest that white blood cell counts and aspartate transaminase were positively correlated with the hot pattern (adjust odds ratio=1.07, 95% confidence interval: 1.006-1.115; adjust odds ratio=1.051, 95% confidence interval: 1.019-1.084; respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LCA on reported symptoms and signs in a retrospective study allowed different subgroups with meaningful clinical correlates to be defined. These findings provide evidence for targeted prevention and treatment interventions.</p>

17.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 260-264, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687912

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>With the worldwide use and modern development of acupuncture-moxibustion, there is disagreement on its basic definition. There has been an obstacle for clinical practice, research, and legislation. Considering this challenge, the World Federation of Acupuncture-Moxibustion Societies proposes to develop the definition and basic scope of acupuncture-moxibustion with a Delphi study.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A reactive Delphi method will be used to ask a group of experts to rate the relevance and clarity of a predesigned initial item list. This list was generated by the steering committee through a literature review and group discussion. Forty experts will be selected from many disciplines and continents to ensure appropriate representation. Predefined rules will be applied to modify the items until a consensus is achieved. After achieving the consensus on all items through the survey round, the steering committee will form the definition and basic scope of acupuncture-moxibustion by organizing a literal statement with a detailed explanation.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Ethics , Decision Making , Delphi Technique , Moxibustion , Ethics , Surveys and Questionnaires
18.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 864-870, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327204

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To organize the clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) related to acupuncture included in the National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) to systematically summarize the diseases and disorders most commonly treated with acupuncture, the strength of recommendations for acupuncture and the quality of evidence.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The NGC database was systematically searched for guidelines that included acupuncture as an intervention. Two independent reviewers studied the summaries and the full texts of the guidelines and included guidelines based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Thirty-nine guidelines were collected with 80 recommendations. The Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument was used to assess the quality of these guidelines.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 80 recommendations on acupuncture, 49 recommendations were clearly for acupuncture, 25 recommendations were against acupuncture and 6 recommendations did not indicate any clear recommendations, 37 recommendations were for painful diseases/disorders, and 12 recommendations were for non-painful diseases/disorders. Locomotor system disorders were the most common in the painful diseases/disorders category. Out of all the recommendations for acupuncture, most recommendations (87.76%) were weak in strength, and most of the evidence (40.84%) was of low quality.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In the National Guideline Clearinghouse, the recommendations for acupuncture focus on painful diseases/disorders. The recommendations in the guidelines are not high in strength, and most of the evidence is moderate or low in quality.</p>

19.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 284-292, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229513

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine the variations in the prevalence of skin reactions and the association between skin reactions and efficacy of summer acupoint application treatment (SAAT) on chronic pulmonary disease (CPD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 2,038 patients with CPD were enrolled at 3 independent hospitals (defined as Groups A, B and C, respectively) in China. All patients were treated by SAAT, as applying a herbal paste onto the acupoints of Fengmen (BL 12) and Feishu (BL 13) on the dog days of summer, according to the lunar calendar, in 2008. Ten days after treatment, skin reaction data (no reaction, itching, stinging, blistering, and infection) were obtained via face-to-face interviews. Patients were retreated in the same hospital one year later, thereby allowing doctors to assess treatment efficacy based on the patients' symptoms, the severity of the spirometric abnormalities, and the concomitant medications used.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A large number of patients (85.3%) displayed reactive symptoms; however, the marked associations between reactive symptoms and age or gender were not observed. An increased number of patients from Group B (99.3%) and Group C (76.5%) displayed reactive symptoms due to the increased mass of crude Semen Sinapis Albae. The effective rate of SAAT was as high as 90.4% for patients of Group B, which was followed by Group A (70.9%) and Group C (42.2%). Using stratified analyses, a convincing association between reactive symptoms and therapeutic efficacy was observed for patients with asthma [itching: odds ratio (OR)=2.17, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.49 to 3.14; blistering: OR=0.43, 95% CI: 0.25 to 0.73; and no reaction: OR=0.56, 95% CI: 0.35 to 0.90]. However, the same tendency was not observed for patients with chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SAAT can induce very mild skin reactions for patients with CPD, among which patients with asthma displayed a strong association between skin reactions and therapeutic efficacy. The skin reactions may be induced by the crude Semen Sinapis Albae.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Acupuncture Points , Blister , Follow-Up Studies , Prospective Studies , Pruritus , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Therapeutics , Skin , Pathology , Treatment Outcome
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2461-2463, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337911

ABSTRACT

The effective quality control in clinical practices is an effective guarantee for the authenticity and scientificity of the findings. The post-marketing reevaluation for traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) focuses on the efficacy, adverse reaction, combined medication and effective dose of drugs in the market by expanded clinical trials, and requires a larger sample size and a wider range of patients. Therefore, this increases the difficulty of quality control in clinical practices. With the experience in quality control in clinical practices for the post-marketing reevaluation for Kangbingdu oral for cold, researchers in this study reviewed the study purpose, project, scheme design and clinical practice process from an overall point of view, analyzed the study characteristics of the post-marketing reevaluation for TCMs and the quality control risks, designed the quality control contents with quality impacting factors, defined key review contents and summarized the precautions in clinical practices, with the aim to improve the efficiency of quality control of clinical practices. This study can provide reference to clinical units and quality control-related personnel in the post-marketing reevaluation for TCMs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Economics , Therapeutic Uses , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Product Surveillance, Postmarketing , Methods , Quality Control , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Respiratory Tract Infections , Drug Therapy
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