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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635783

ABSTRACT

BackgroundLaser peripheral iridotomy(LPI) can break the pupillary block,and is an effective method of treating acute primary angle closure (APAC).However,a part of APAC eyes may gradually develop a formation and extension of peripheral anterior synechia(PAS) and increased intraocular pressure(IOP) after LPI.ObjectiveTo investigate the relationship between appositional angle closure and darkroom provocative test(DRPT) in the fellow eyes with APAC after LPI.Methods Fellow eyes of APAC without PAS after LPI were studied.Ultrasounic biomicroscopy(UBM) were performed in darkness to observe whether appositional angle closure occurred and compare the relationship between the quadrants with appositional angle closure and the results of DRPT.Results Fifty-four patients were included in the study.Appositional angle closure was observed in at least one quadrant in 20(37.0% ) of the 54 fellow eyes with APAC after LPI.Fifty-one patients were given DRPT and positive result in 9 patients( 17.6% ).According to the quadrants with appositional angle closure,there were 5 patients with DRPT positive results in 46 patients with appositional angle closure 0 to 2 quadrants,and 4 patients with DRPT positive results in 5 patients with appositional angle closure 3 to 4 quadrants ( P =0.003 ).Bivariate correlation analysis indicated a positive correlation between the value of the increased IOP in DRPT and the number of quadrants with appositional angle closure in darkness( r =0.397,P =0.004).ConclusionsA certain proportional fellow eyes of APAC appeared appositional angle closure in darkness and DRPT positive result after LPI.The more the quadrants of appositional angle closure after LPI,the greater the likelihood of a positive DRPT.It suggests that the APAC fellow eyes and attack eyes with the same anatomical configuration still have the possibility of angle closure after LPI,and need follow-up and treatment for a long time.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635635

ABSTRACT

Background The circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs)play an important role in postnatal vasculogenesis and restoration of endothelial injury.Previous investigation illustrated that a reduced ocular blood flow and vascular dysfunction caused by endothelial dysfunction plays a role in the pathogenesis of glaucoma.However,endothelial system accommodation is accomplished with the circulating EPCs.Objective The present trail was to investigate EPCs change in patients with primary acute angle-closure glaucoma (PACG)and explore the role of EPCs in the pathogenesis of PACG. MethodsA prospective cohort study was designed.Thirty patients with PACG were enrolled in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital as PACG group,and 20 normal subjects served as control group.Periphery bloodsamples were obtained fromall the patients and thenstained with saturating concentrations of monoclonal antibodies,FITC-conjugated anti-CD34 and CD133 mAb.EPCs identified by CD34,CD133 were enumerated by flow cytometry,and the correlation between EPCs change and its relative factors was analyzed.Informed consent was obtained from each subject before any medical procedure. Results No significant differences were found in age,gender,vascular-related risk factor,blood biochemical indicators between PACG group and normal contol group(P>0.05 ),but a higher intraocular pressure( IOP)was displayed in PACG group compared with normal control group ( P =0.00 ).The numbers of EPCs were ( 48 ± 22 ) cells/ml in PACG group and ( 65 ± 20 )cells/ml in normal control group with a significant difference between them (P=0.004).In PACG group,the numbers of EPCs were(60± 19 )cells/ml and (34 ±7 )cells/ml respeetively in phase 1 and phase 3 of optical nerve damage (Z=-3.015,P=0.002 ).There was a negative correlation between EPCs numbers and baseline IOP within a certain range( r=-0.835,P<0.05 ).However,no obvious correlations were seen between EPCs numbers and blood lipid Level,blood glucose level or glaucoma course ( r =0.343,P =0.227 ; r =-0.203,P =0.419 ; r =0.198,P =0.610 ).The EPCs numbers in PACG patients with cardiovascular disease were(56±22)cells/ml and that of without PACG were (35± 15 ) cells/ml( P =0.005 ). ConclusionsThe numbers of EPCs decrease in PACG patient.These results imply that EPCs might play role during the restore of the optical nerve damage in PACG eye.

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