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China Pharmacy ; (12): 311-315, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006615


OBJECTIVE To study the antifungal activity of Huangqin decoction (HQD) against Trichophyton mentagrophytes and explore its mechanism. METHODS Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimal fungicidal concentration (MFC), mycelial length, spore germination rate, biomass and mycelium ultrastructure observation were performed to evaluate the antifungal activity of HQD against T. mentagrophytes. The effects of HQD on the cell wall of T. mentagrophytes were detected through sorbitol protection experiment. By measuring the content of ergosterol and the activities of squalene epoxide (SE) and lanosterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51), the activity of HQD on the cell membrane of T. mentagrophytes was investigated. The effects of HQD on T. mentagrophytes mitochondria were investigated by determining the activities of malate dehydrogenase (MDH), succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), and ATPases (including sodium potassium ATPase, calcium magnesium ATPase, and total ATPase). RESULTS HQD exhibited significant antifungal activity against T. mentagrophytes with MIC of 3.13 mg/mL and MFC of 25 mg/mL. After intervention with HQD, the mycelial length of T. mentagrophytes was significantly shortened (P<0.05); spore germination rate, biomass, the content of ergosterol in the cell membrane, the activities of SE and CYP51 in the cell membrane and MDH, SDH and ATPase in mitochondria were all decreased significantly (P<0.05); cell structure had been ;damaged to a certain extent, but the integrity of the cell wall had not been affected. CONCLUSIONS HQD shows significant antifungal activity against T. mentagrophytes, the mechanism of which may be associated with reducing the 0791- content of ergosterol in the cell membrane and the activities of SE, CYP51, and mitochondria-related enzymes.

China Pharmacy ; (12): 338-343, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913093


OBJECTIVE To study the effects of self-assembled nanoparticles from Shaoy ao gancao decoction (SGD-SAN)on the in vitro release and intestinal absorption of the main components of Glycyrrhiza uralensis . METHODS Gancao single decoction (GSD),Shaoyao single decoction (SSD),mixed suspension of Shaoyao and Gancao single decoction (MSSGD)and SGD (i.e. Shaoyao-Gancao decoction )were prepared ,and SAN was characterized. HPLC method was adopted to determine the contents of 7 main components (liquiritin apioside , liquiritin, isoliquiritin apioside , isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, glycyrrhizic acid , isoliquiritigenin)in G. uralensis . The dialysis bag method was used to investigate the effects of the formation of SGD-SAN on in vitro release of 7 main components in G. uralensis with pH 1.2 HCl solution and pH 6.8 phosphate buffered solution (PBS)as release media. Single-pass intestinal perfusion study was performed to investigate the effects of the formation of SGD-SAN on the intestinal absorption of 7 main components from G. uralensis . RESULTS SAN with particle size of 200-300 nm and polydispersity index of 0.3-0.5 was found in GSD ,MSSGD and SGD. GSD-SAN and MSSGD-SAN were in rod shape while SGD-SAN was irregularly spherical under transmission electron microscope. The results of in vitro release study showed that the formation of SGD-SAN could significantly increase in vitro release of liquiritigenin ,isoliquiritigenin and glycyrrhizic acid ,and had no effect on other components of G. uralensis in pH 1.2 HCl solution. The formation of SGD-SAN also had no effect on the release of each component from G. uralensis in pH 6.8 PBS. The results of intestinal perfusion experiments showed that the formation of SGD-SAN could significantly promote the absorption of each component from G. uralensis in the ileum. CONCLUSIONS- The formation of SGD-SAN significantly improves the in vitro release of poorly soluble components from G. uralensis and promotes the intestinal absorption of main components from G. uralensis ,which is the physical structure basis for the compatibility and synergy of Paeonia lactiflora and G. uralensis .

Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 104-110, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953617


Objective: Fufang Biejia Ruangan Tablet (FBRT) is widely used for the treatment of liver fibrosis. However, Hominis Placenta (HP), as an important adjuvant of FBRT, has been restricted for medicinal using due to the limited availability, ethical controversy and safety issues. The present study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of novel FBRT (N-FBRT) with sheep placenta (SP) as substitute for HP on liver fibrosis and explore its possible mechanisms. Different dosages of SP in N-FBRT were also evaluated. Methods: Rats were subcutaneously injected with CCl

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 978-988, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881179


In this study, self-discriminating hybrid nanocrystals was utilized to explore the biological fate of quercetin hybrid nanocrystals (QT-HNCs) with diameter around 280 nm (QT-HNCs-280) and 550 nm (QT-HNCs-550) following oral and intravenous administration and the contribution of integral nanocrystals to oral bioavailability enhancement of QT was estimated by comparing the absolute exposure of integral QT-HNCs and total QT in the liver. Results showed that QT-HNCs could reside

China Pharmacy ; (12): 458-463, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817087


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of crystal form on in vivo and in vitro behavior of Astilbin nanosuspensions (AT-NS). METHODS: AT-NS1 and AT-NS2 were prepared by precipitation method and miniaturized media milling method respectively. The particle size and polydispersity index (PDI) were determined by laser particle size analyzer. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), HPLC and paddle method were used to analyze and compare the structure characteristics, appearance morphology and in vitro dissolution of AT raw material, AT-NS1 and AT-NS2. Totally 15 healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into AT raw material, AT-NS1 and AT-NS2 group, with 5 rats in each group. They were given relevant medicine suspension 120 mg/kg (using water as solvent) intragastrically; blood samples  were collected from orbit before medication (0 min) and 5, 10, 20, 30, 60, 120, 240, 480 min after medication. Using rutin as internal standard, HPLC method was used to determine plasma concentration of AT in rats. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by using DAS 2.0 software and then compared. RESULTS: The particle sizes of AT-NS1 and AT-NS2 were (212.48±0.32) nm and (226.36±2.29) nm, respectively; PDI were 0.129 3±0.026 3 and 0.254 7±0.012 4. XRD analysis showed AT-NS1 was amorphous, and AT-NS2 was crystalline. Diffraction peaks of both were different from those of AT raw material. SEM analysis showed that AT-NS1 and AT-NS2 were similar in morphology, and they were spherical and uniform in size; AT raw material was lump with large particle size and different sizes. Results of dissolution tests showed that accumulative dissolution of AT raw material, AT-NS1 and AT-NS2 were 4.54%, 35.01%, 12.22% at 1 h; accumulative dissolution of them were 24.01%, 81.14%, 64.69% at 12 h; accumulative dissolution of them were 36.04%, 84.47%, 85.86% at 24 h, respectively. Results of pharmacokinetic study showed, compared with AT raw material group, cmax and AUC0-∞ of AT-NS1 and AT-NS2 groups as well as t1/2z of AT-NS1 group were increased significantly, while tmax of AT-NS1 group was significantly reduced significantly (P<0.05). Compared with AT-NS2 goup, cmax, AUC0-∞ and t1/2z of AT-NS1 group were increased significantly, while tmax was reduced significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: When AT is prepared into NS, dissolution in vitro and oral absorption in vivo of AT are increased significantly. In a short time, the dissolution/absorption of amorphous NS is faster than crystalline NS.