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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466683

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation of the myeloid antigen expression and clinical characteristics of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children.Methods The clinical data of 77 newly diagnosed ALL patients in Department of Hematology,the People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University from Jan.2010 to Dec.2013 were analyzed.The patients included 53 boys and 24 girls with a median age of 7.73 (2.00-15.00) years old.Based on flow cytometry (FCM) analysis of bone marrow,these patients were divided into 2 groups:one group included 26 patients with positive myeloid antigen expression (MyAg + ALL) and the other group included 51 patients with negative myeloid antigen expressions (MyAg-ALL).The correlation among myeloid antigen expression,clinical features,prednisone experiment,myelogram on the 15th day was analyzed through induction chemotherapy and minimal residual disease (MRD) on the 33rd day,and the rate of disease-free survival (DFS) was compared between the 2 groups.Results There were 26 cases with myeloid antigen expression among 77 patients (33.77%),CD13 + accounting for 19.48% (15/77 cases),CD33 + 10.39% (8/77 cases),and CD117 + 5.19% (4/77 cases).Among these patients,there were 2 patients expressing both CD13 + and CD33 +,and 1 patient expressing both CD33 + and CD117 +.There was no difference between the MyAg + ALL group and MyAg-ALL group in gender (x2 =0.217,P =0.641),age (≥ 10 years old,x2 =0.011,P =0.918),white blood count(≥50 × 109/L,x2 =1.198,P =0.274),lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (≥500 U/L,x2 =0.317,P =0.573),genetic abnormality (x2 =0.377,P =0.539),immunophenotype (B-ALL/T-ALL,x2 =0.397,P =0.529),and risk stratification (low-risk group,middle-risk group and high-risk group,x2 =0.260,P =0.878).Univariate Logistic regression showed that the reaction rate of prednisone experiment (P =0.023,OR =3.422) and positive rate of MRD (P =0.001,OR =0.133) of MyAg + ALL group were obviously higher than those in MyAg-ALL group.Multivariate Logistic regression showed that positive rate of MRD in CD13 + ALL group was obviously higher than that of CD13-ALL group (P =0.034,OR =120.765).The DFS rate of CD13 + ALL group and CD13-ALL group were (50.4 ± 13.8)% and (77.4 ±6.7)% respectively,and there was a significant difference between the 2 groups (x2 =3.928,P =0.047).Conclusions There is no significant correlation between myeloid antigen expression and clinical characteristics of children patients with ALL.For the patients with myeloid antigens,the early reaction of induction chemotherapy is bad,and for patients with CD13,the prognosis is not good.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1100-1103, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469723

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of lymphoid-associated antigens in acute myloid leukemia and its clinical significance.Methods 84 patients with de nove (untreated) AML were classified by FAB classification and immunophenotype,of which 53 cases were analyzed by karyotype according to WHO standards.Patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether lymphoid antigen (Ly) was expressed or not.After all patients were treated with a standard remission-induction regimen for 1 course,bone marrow in 63 cases were re examined.Results 49 cases (58.3%) were classified into lymphoid surface antigen-positive acute myeloid leukemia (Ly+ AML) group,35 cases (42.7%) into lymphoid surface antigen-negative acute myeloid leukemia (Ly-AML) group.The incidences of hepatosplenomegaly and lymphadenopathy had significant differences between Ly+AML and Ly AML groups [55.1% (27 cases) vs.22.9% (8 cases),t=3.412,P=0.003].There were no significant differences in other indicators between the two groups.On the basis of equal intensity of chemotherapy,complete remission (CR) had no significant difference(x2 =1.995,P=0.158),the disease-free survival (DFS) in Ly + AML group was shorter than in Ly-AML group(t=2.427,P=0.019),the recurrence rate was higher in Ly + AML group than in Ly-AML group(x2 =4.132,P=0.044).Conclusions The expression of lymphoid associated antigens in acute myeloid leukemia is complex.Patients with Ly+AML show poor response to chemotherapy,and have poor prognosis.We should explore new chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471256

ABSTRACT

Objective The current study was designed to investigate the inhibitive effect of celastrol on the proliferation of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) cells. Methods The effect of celastrol on AML cells in vitro was examined by MTT assay and flow cytometry (FCM). Results After the AML primary cells were treated with different concentrations of celastrol, the results were analyzed by MTT. The growth of the cells were significantly inhibited compared with the control group (P <0.01). The results detected by FCM showed that the apoptosis was seen after treated with celastrol with different concentration for different times.The apoptotic rates were significantly higher than that in the control group with statistical significance (P< 0.01).Conclusion Celastrol could inhibit the proliferation of AML cells in vitro, which may be associated with inducing cell apoptosis.

4.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 278-281, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460176

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic efficacy and side effects of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) with ATRA on newly-diagnosed patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Methods 35 patients of newly-diagnosed APL received As2O3 with ATRA treatment. The therapeutic effects were compared with As2O3 treatment on 33 patients. The dose were adjusted according with As2O3 0.16 mg·kg-2·d-1 and ATRA 25 mg·m-2·d-1 until complete remission (CR). The CR rate, period to CR, the incidence of early death and side effects were observed in two groups. Results There was no significant difference in CR rate, in which 94.3 % for As2O3 with ATRA group and 90.9 % for As2O3 group (P >0.05). Significant difference was observed in the period to CR, in which the medium time to CR was 26.1 days for As2O3 with ATRA group and 30.5 days for As2O3 group (P 0.05). Conclusion The treatment combined with As2O3 and ATRA could lessen the time of reaching CR. The WBC count > 10×l09/L was one of the main causes of therapy associated death and the APL differentiation syndrome should be detected and given attention immediately.

5.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 287-289, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471820

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of preferentially expressed antigen of melanoma (PRAME) gene in acute leukemia and its clinical significance.Methods PRAME mRNA levels were detected in bone marrow samples from 119 cases with acute leukemia (out of which 97 cases were acute myeloid leukemia, 22 cases were acute lymphocytic leukemia) by TaqMan based real-time quantitative PCR methods and compared it with the expression of FLT3 gene. Results PRAME mRNA was revealed in 50 of 97 AML (51.5 %), 8 of 22 ALL (36.4 %), and 5 patients were found little expression of PRAME in 11 healthy subjects and 17 non-blood disease patients. However, 17 AML, and 3 ALL patients with PRAME expression had no detectable FLT3. 9 patients with the expression of both PRAME and FLT3 genes were monitored in short follow-up. The lower level of PRAME was detected in all patients when they were in complete remission (CR) after chemotherapy. Conclusion PRAME gene was expressed in acute leukemia patients and will hopefully become a symbolic gene during the course of diagnosis and treatment in acute leukemia.

6.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 474-476, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473135

ABSTRACT

To retrospect articles referred to the biological and infection features of adenovirus,analyzing the relationship between hemorrhagic cystitis after bone malTow transplantation with adenovirus infection and scrutinizing detective way and treatment in present.The accidence rate of hemorrhagic cystitis caused by adenovirug infection after bone marrow transplantation is higher in children than that in adults,in HLA non-matched than matched.and in GVHD accompanying than no GVHD.Conclusion:Adenovirus infection leading to hemorrhagic cystitis is a common complication after bone malTOw transplantation which indicates great value in early recognizing,early diagnosis,early treatment of adcnovirus infection in prevent hemorrhagic cystitis after bone marrow transplantation.

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