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1.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1356-1362, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960744

ABSTRACT

Background Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] can induce malignant transformation of lung epithelial cells, but its molecular mechanism is still unclear. Objective This study aims to explore the key genes of Cr(VI)-induced malignant transformation of lung epithelial cells and the mechanism of the transformation by bioinformatics analysis. Methods High-throughput gene expression profile data related to Cr(VI)-induced toxic effect was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus(GEO) database, and the co-expressed genes were obtained by the intersection of differentially expressed genes in each dataset. DAVID 6.8 was used to analyze the function enrichment of gene ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathways of the selected differential expression genes. STRING, and Cytoscape 3.8.2 were applied to construct and visualize the protein-protein interaction network. The expressions of Hub genes in lung tumor were obtained by GEPIA2. Results A total of 234 differentially expressed genes were screened out from the GSE24025 and GSE36684 datasets, among which 99 genes were up-regulated while 135 genes were down-regulated. The results of GO and KEGG analyse were mainly concentrated in cell adhesion, negative regulation of cell proliferation, and transcription disorders. A rotein-protein interaction network was generated by STRING database and Cytoscape software. Four functional modules with high scores and 6 Hub genes were finally retrieved. The expression trend of FBLN1 in lung cancer subtypes was consistent with the results of transcriptome screening. Conclusion Cr(VI) exposure causes the differential expression of multiple genes in lung epithelial cells, involving cell morphology, movement, survival fate, phenotype function and signal pathway related to cancer development. FBLN1 may be the critical gene related to malignant cytopathy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 98-104, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871029

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the gut microbial profiles of gestational mellitus diabetes (GDM) patients before and after treatment,and the relationship between gut microbiota and blood glucose level measured in 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).Methods A prospective cohort-based nested case-control study was conducted in Peking University First Hospital from October 2016 to December 2017.Forty-five pregnancies at 24-28 gestational weeks with GDM (GDM group) and 45 healthy gravidas (control group)matched for age and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) were involved.Stool samples of all participants were collected before (24-28 gestational weeks) and after (36-40 gestational weeks) treatment.The V3-V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene was sequenced on the Illumina Hiseq 2500 platform,and the results were analyzed.QIIME software was used for bioinformatics analysis.Student's t-test,Mann-Whitney U test,and Chi-square test were used for statistical analysis.Results (1) Before treatment,the Alpha diversity of the GDM group was significantly reduced compared with that of the control group (Chaol index:443.9±72.9 vs 474.0± 63.3,t=2.104,P<0.05;Shannon index:5.6±0.5 vs 6.0±0.5,t=2.002,P<0.05),and a significant difference in Beta diversity was also observed between the two groups (R2=0.04,P<0.05).However,a significant difference was shown in neither Alpha nor Beta diversity between the two groups after the treatment.(2) Before treatment,the relative abundances of Blautia and Faecalibacterium of the GDM group were significantly higher than those of the control group [M (P25-P75):0.016 (0.009-0.022) vs 0.011 (0.007-0.016),U=782.000;0.114 (0.076-0.14 1) vs 0.091 (0.061-0.126),U=752.000;both P<0.05],but the relative abundances ofAkkermansia,Odoribacter and Butyricimonas were significantly lower [0.001 (0.000-0.002) vs 0.001 (0.000-0.005),U=745.000;0.001 (0.000-0.004) vs 0.004 (0.001-0.006),U=766.500;0.001 (0.000-0.003) vs 0.003 (0.001-0.005),U=710.000;all P<0.05].(3) A negative relationship was found between the fasting glucose level of OGTT and the relative abundances of Akkermansia,Odoribacter and Butyricimonas (r=-0.325,-0.273 and-0.284;all P<0.05),and between the one-hour-OGTT glucose level and the relative abundances of Akkermansia and Butyricimonas (r=-0.285 and -0.265,both P<0.05).The two-hour-OGTT glucose level was positively related to the relative abundance of Faecalibacterium (r=0.278,P<0.05),but negatively related to the relative abundance ofAkkermansia (r=-0.245,P<0.05).The area under the OGTT time-glucose curve was negatively related to the relative abundances of Akkermansia and Butyricimonas (r=-0.321 and-0.264,both P<0.05).Conclusions There are significant differences in gut microbial composition and structure between GDM and healthy pregnant women,which are significantly associated with OGTT blood glucose level.Euglycemia achieved after GDM management could improve gut microbiota disorder.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 259-263, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868434

ABSTRACT

X-ray imaging is an important method for the diagnosis of corona virus disease(COVID-19), but there is a risk of nosocomial infection during X-ray imaging and diagnosis. By analyzing the process of X-ray imaging & diagnosis and the possible exposure factors in hospital, Jiangsu province took the lead in issuing the guideline for the nosocomial infection prevention and control of COVID-19 during X-ray imaging and diagnosis. This guideline clarifies the basic requirements for controlling infections during X-ray imaging and diagnosis, the specific measures for staff protection, disinfection of personnel and sites, and the protection and disinfection of subjects, which is instructive for on-site work. It is worth noting that while focusing on controlling infections, the principle of optimal protection for medical exposure cannot be ignored.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2525-2540, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878508

ABSTRACT

Gut microbiota is closely related to human health, and its composition can give us health information. The large-scale population sampling is required on gut microbiome research; however, fresh feces samples are not easy to obtain, and rapid low-temperature freezing is difficult to achieve. With the development of technology, preservation solutions are widely used for sample collection, storage, and transport under normal temperature conditions. Preservation solutions can be used in large scale sample collection, wide geographical distribution, diverse on-site sampling conditions, heavy workload, and poor transportation conditions. In this study, five healthy volunteers were recruited. After collecting their fresh stool samples, effect of 5 different commercial preservation solutions was evaluated at room temperature. Samples in different preservation solutions after placing fresh stool samples at the 0, 1, 3, 7, 15, and 30 days were collected. All samples were tested by 16S rRNA V3-V4 high-throughput sequencing to analyze the influence of microbiome composition in different preservation solutions. The results show that different preservation solutions had distinct effects on the gut microbiome composition. Compared with the control, different preservation solutions had little effect on the amount of OUTs; preservation solutions A, B and C were closer to the control in the composition of the gut microbiota, but preservation solution D significantly changed the composition by increasing Actinobacteria and Firmicutes abundance. With the time, all solutions tended to reduce the diversity of the microbiota. Preservation solution E significantly reduced the diversity of the flora; on the 30th day, all five solutions changed the composition; the individual differences in the composition of the gut microbiome were the main factors affecting the similarity of each sample, and were derived from different stools donors. The same samples, no matter which storage solution and storage time, were directly closer to each other. Different storage solutions had different effects on the content of Gram-positive bacilli, Gram-positive cocci and Gram-negative bacteria. Storage solutions C and E reduced the abundance of Bifidobacterium, whereas storage solution D increased; except that preservation solution E relatively reduced the abundance of Lactobacillus, but the preservation solution A, B, C, and D were all closer to the control. Except for the greater difference in preservation solution D, preservation solution C was the closest to the control group on Streptococcus; preservation solution D reduced Ruminococcaceae UCG 003 than the control group. However, other preservation solutions were not much different from the control group; different preservation solutions increased the abundance of Escherichia-Shigella than the control group, and preservation solutions A and B increased the abundance of Klebsiella, but preservation solution C, D, and E were closer to the control group. Overall, preservation solution C performed better in stabilizing the composition of the gut microbiota. This study provides reference for standardized microbiome projects. Subsequent research can choose a targeted preservation solution and preservation time based on this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteria/genetics , Feces , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Specimen Handling
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2516-2524, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878507

ABSTRACT

In the past ten years, the research and application of microbiome has continued to increase. The microbiome has gradually become the research focus in the fields of life science, environmental science, and medicine. Meanwhile, many countries and organizations around the world are launching their own microbiome projects and conducting a multi-faceted layout, striving to gain a strategic position in this promising field. In addition, whether it is scientific research or industrial applications, there has been a climax of research and a wave of investment and financing, accordingly, products and services related to the microbiome are constantly emerging. However, due to the rapid development of microbiome sequencing and analysis related technologies and methods, the research and application from various countries have not yet unified on the standards of technology, programs, and data. Domestic industry participants also have insufficient understanding of the microbiome. New methods, technologies, and theories have not yet been fully accepted and used. In addition, some of the existing standards and guidelines are too general with poor practicality. This not only causes obstacles in the integration of scientific research data and waste of resources, but also gives related companies unfair competition opportunity. More importantly, China still lacks national standards related to the microbiome, and the national microbiome project is still in the process of preparation. In this context, the experts and practitioners of the microbiome worked together and developed the consensus of experts. It can not only guide domestic scientific research and industrial institutions to regulate the production, learning and research of the microbiome, the application can also provide reference technical basis for the relevant national functional departments, protect the scale and standardized corporate company's interests, strengthen industry self-discipline, avoid unregulated enterprises from disrupting the market, and ultimately promote the benign development of microbiome-related industries.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Consensus , Industry , Microbiota
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2511-2515, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878506

ABSTRACT

Microbes are the most important commensal organisms in humans, animals and plants, and are the major habitants in soil, sediment, water, air and other habitats. The analysis of microbiome in these habitats has become a basic research technique. As a fast developing technology in recent years, microbiome sequencing and analysis have been widely used in human health, environmental pollution control, food industry, agriculture and animal husbandry and other fields. In order to sort out and summarize the current status, development and application prospects of microbiome sequencing and analysis technologies, this special issue has prepared a collection of 16 papers in this field, that comprise sample preservation and processing, single microbe genome sequencing and analysis, and microbiome feature analysis in special habitats, microbiome related databases and algorithms, and microbiome sequencing and analysis expert consensus. It also introduced in detail the development trend of the microbiome sequencing and analysis, in order to promote the rapid development of the microbiome sequencing and analysis industry and scientific research in China, and provide necessary reference for the healthy development of related industries.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Bacteria/genetics , China , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Metagenome , Microbiota/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
7.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): E005-E005, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811613

ABSTRACT

X-ray imaging is an important method for the diagnosis of corona virus disease(COVID-19), but there is a risk of nosocomial infection during X-ray imaging diagnosis. By analyzing the process of X-ray imaging diagnosis and the possible infection factors in hospital, Jiangsu province took the lead in issuing the Guideline for the nosocomial infection prevention and control of X-ray imaging diagnosis of COVID-19. This guideline clarifies the basic requirements for controlling infections during X-ray imaging diagnosis, the specific measures for staff protection, disinfection of personnel and places, and the protection and disinfection of subjects, which is instructive for field work. It is worth noting that while focusing on controlling infections, the principle of optimal protection for medical exposure cannot be ignored.

8.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 525-528, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805594

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the occupational hazard risks of glyphosate in a pesticide factory by MOM and ICMM models, and to explore the suitable method.@*Methods@#A large glyphosate enterprise was selected and an industrial hygiene survey was conducted. MOM and ICMM models were applied to evaluate the occupational hazard risks, which were compared with the site testing results and verified by the national occupational hazard classification for workplaces.@*Results@#There were poor occupational health protection facilities in the plant. The concentrations of glyphosate in drying and packaging posts were beyond occupational exposure limit. And the maximum individual detection values were 5.32 mg/m3 and 49.59 mg/m3, respectively. The results of MOM and ICMM risk rating method were consistent. The main posts were low and medium risk. The quantitative method of ICMM judged that nearly all posts were unacceptable risks. There was no difference in the risk ratio between MOM and risk rating method as well as work grading criteria (F=3.960, P>0.05) , while the result calculated by quantitative method in evaluating the production process of IDA technology was obviously higher than that of the former three methods (F=4.096, P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#Both MOM and ICMM models can appropriately predict and assess the occupational health risk of glyphosate. Besides, the judgment results may be more precise than the classification of occupational hazards. Due to the relatively simple operation, easy evaluation parameters, ICMM model maybe more convenient for glyphosate production plants.

9.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 126-129, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804687

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of glyphosate on blood routine of occupational exposure population.@*Methods@#The workers who were occupationally exposed to glyphosate were selected as exposure group, and administrative staffs who were not exposed to glyphosate were selected as control group. Occupational health examination was conducted on all the subjects, and personal monitoring was applied to detect the concentration of glyphosate in the air of workplace. Time weighted average (TWA) concentration was calculated by the result of determination. Statistical methods were employed to compare the difference of blood routine results between the contact group and the control group, as well as between different posts.@*Results@#178 glyphosate workers were included in the contact group, and 203 non-contact persons were included in the control group. There was no statistically significant difference in the equilibrium test between the two groups(P>0.05). The abnormal rate of blood routine in the exposure group and the control group were 70.8% and 69.0%, respectively, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the red blood cell count and platelet distribution width difference (P<0.05) were significant difference. There was no significant difference between different positions (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#When TWA value is below 9.40 mg/m3, glyphosate has effect on the results of platelet distribution width and red blood cell count, but has no effect on the abnormal rate of blood routine.

10.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 69-72, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804579

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the qualifications current situations of the medical and health institutions and certified doctors for providing occupational disease diagnosis in Jiangsu Province to provide reference for occupational disease prevention and control.@*Methods@#Quantitative and qualitative analysis was carried out on 28 institutionsfor occupational disease diagnosis and 1 278 certified doctors for occupational disease diagnosis in Jiangsu Province between 2012 and 2017, announcement from Jiangsu provincial commission of health and family planning commission, SPSS16.0 was used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#By the end of 2017, there had been 28 medical and health institutions which were qualified for providing occupational disease diagnosis in Jiangsu Province, including 16 centers for disease control and prevention, accounting for 57.14%, 6 general hospitals, accounting for 21.42%, and 6 institutes or centers for occupational disease prevention and control, accounting for 21.42%; a total of 313 occupational disease diagnosis were employed in these 28 diagnostic institutions, with 9.4 certified doctors on average in each institution; In addition, 17.86% of the institutions get all the qualifications for diagnosing 10 occupational diseases, and 10.71% of the institutions get the qualification for diagnosing one tothree occupational diseases. A total of 1278 physicians obtain the qualification of certified doctors for occupational disease diagnosis, the largest number was 221 in Wuxi city, at least 16 in Zhenjiang city, including 599 centers for disease control and prevention, accounting for 46.87%, 118 institutes or centers for occupational disease prevention and control, accounting for 9.23%, 304 general hospitals, accounting for 23.79%, 257 enterprise-owned hospitals, accounting for 20.11%; The highest number of occupational poisoning diagnoses was obtained, accounting for 796 (62.28%) .@*Conclusion@#A provincial occupational disease diagnosis network has been established in Jiangsu, but it is far from covering all districts and counties, and the imbalance in regional distribution and specialty programs still exists among the qualified medical and health institutions and certified doctors. It is essential to further strengthen the training of qualified doctors and the development of qualified medical and health institutions.

11.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 34-37, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804572

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the changes in mass spectrometry of proteins in patients with 1-bromopropane (1-BP) poisoning after treatment and their biological functions.@*Methods@#From May 2016 to December 2017, 3 male patients aged 31-47 years with 1-BP poisoning in Bao'an District of Shenzhen, China were enrolled in this study. The whole blood sample (2 ml) was collected before and after treatment. Label-free mass spectrometry-based proteomics was used for protein identification and quantification. The differentially expressed proteins after treatment were analyzed. Bioinformatics tools were used to analyze the functions of the identified proteins and the biological processes they were involved in.@*Results@#Proteomic analysis showed that there were 47 proteins that were differentially expressed more than 2-fold (P<0.05) after treatment in the patients with 1-BP poisoning; of them, 27 were up-regulated and 20 were down-regulated in the serum of treated patients. The identified proteins were mainly involved in proteolysis, protein modification, immune response, complement activation, lipoprotein metabolism, signal transduction, and coagulation.@*Conclusion@#The differentially expressed proteins after treatment can help with the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis monitoring of 1-BP poisoning and provide potential therapeutic and prognostic markers for 1-BP poisoning treatment.

12.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 949-952, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799926

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the health status of occupational mercury workers and reveal the effects of mercury exposure on the cardiovascular system.@*Methods@#In June 2019, a total of 2651 mercury workers participated in the occupational health examination between 2016-2018 from a thermometer manufacturing plant and a fluorescent lamp manufacturing plant were included in this study. Then, they were divided into a high-level mercury exposure group (425 workers whose urine mercury concentration >35 μg/g creatinine) and a low-mercury mercury exposure group (2226 workers whose urinary mercury concentration <35 μg/g creatinine) . Mercury concentration in the workplace was also detected. Finally, the results of electrocardiogram (ECG) , blood routine, blood biochemistry and other physical examinations were analyzed. The measurement data of age and exposure years were analyzed by test. Urinary mercury and blood parameters were analyzed by Mann-Whitney nonparametric test. Chi-square test was used for the analyses of gender, ECG abnormality rate and other categorical data.@*Results@#The 8-hour weighted average allowable concentration (CTWA) of mercury in the workplace of high-exposure group was 0.002 2-0.152 mg/m3. The abnormal rate of ECG in the high-exposed group (29.6%) was higher than that in the low-exposure group (10.1%) in 2018 (P<0.01) . Compared with the low-exposure group, the WBC of the high-exposure group from 2016 to 2018 was increased, with statistically significance (P<0.05) ; the RBC of the high-exposure group in 2016 and 2017 was decreased, with statistically significance (P<0.01) ; the total bilirubin concentration in the high-exposure group was decreased from 2016 to 2018, with statistically significance (P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#Long-term exposure to high concentration of mercury in the workplace may influence cardiovascular system. Therefore, engineering protection and individual protection should be implemented well.

13.
Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics ; (4): 64-75, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772949

ABSTRACT

Inulin has been used as a prebiotic to alleviate glucose and lipid metabolism disorders in mice and humans by modulating the gut microbiota. However, the mechanism underlying the alleviation of metabolic disorders by inulin through interactions between the gut microbiota and host cells is unclear. We use ob/ob mice as a model to study the effect of inulin on the cecal microbiota by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing and its interaction with host cells by transcriptomics. The inulin-supplemented diet improved glucose and lipid metabolism disorder parameters in ob/ob mice, alleviating fat accumulation and glucose intolerance. The α diversity of gut microbial community of ob/ob mice was reduced after inulin treatment, while the β diversity tended to return to the level of wild type mice. Interestingly, Prevotellaceae UCG 001 (family Prevotellaceae) was obviously enriched after inulin treatment. A comparative analysis of the gene expression profile showed that the cecal transcriptome was changed in leptin gene deficiency mice, whereas the inulin-supplemented diet partially reversed the changes in leptin gene-related signaling pathways, especially AMPK signaling pathway, where the levels of gene expression became comparable to those in wild type mice. Further analysis indicated that Prevotellaceae UCG 001 was positively correlated with the AMPK signaling pathway, which was negatively correlated with markers of glycolipid metabolism disorders. Our results suggest that the inulin-supplemented diet alleviates glucose and lipid metabolism disorders by partially restoring leptin related pathways mediated by gut microbiota.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Cecum , Metabolism , Microbiology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Inulin , Therapeutic Uses , Leptin , Genetics , Metabolic Diseases , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Microbiology , Mice, Obese , Prebiotics , Signal Transduction , Transcriptome
14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 474-479, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881824

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish a method for detecting resorcinol in workplace air by gas chromatography with capillary column. METHODS: The resorcinol in workplace air was collected into muiti-hole absorbing tubes with distilled water and detected by capillary chromatographic column by direct injection. RESULTS: The good linear range of resorcinol was 1.7-200.0 mg/L. The correlation coefficient was 0.999 9. The detection limit was 0.5 mg/L and the lower limit of quantitation was 1.7 mg/L. The minimum detection concentration was 0.7 mg/m~3(sample volume was 7.5 L). The standard recovery rate was 98.5%-102.6%. The within-run relative standard deviation(RSD) was 0.7%-3.6% and the between-run RSD was 1.8%-5.7%. CONCLUSION: This method has high sensitivity, accuracy and can effectively remove interference, which is suitable for determination of resorcinol in workplace air.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 342-348, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824186

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the difference of gut microbiota between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and non-diabetic population in Beijing. Methods 83 T2DM patients were selected as T2DM group and 64 non-diabetic subjects were selected as control group. Fecal samples were collected from all the subjects. The intestinal flora was detected by metagenome sequencing technology. Results 11 bacterialphyla were detec-ted in the two groups, there were significant differences in species diversity of Actinobacteria (P=0. 013), Firmicutes (P=0. 005), Fusobacteria (P=0. 001), Proteobacteria (P<0. 001) between the two groups. Actinobacteria, Fusobacteria and Proteobacteria were all enriched in the T2DM group, Firmicutes were enriched in the control group. 152 bacterial genera were detected in the two groups with 31 bacterial genera ofsignificant differences. In T2DM group, the levels of Roseburia, Eubacterium and Faecalibacterium decreased, while the levels of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and Escherichia increased. Conclusion There are significant differ-ences in the composition of gut microbiota between T2DM patients and non-diabetic population. Regulation of gut microbiota in T2DM patients may be helpful to improve the condition of T2DM.

16.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 492-496, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806794

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms of rs12212067 in FOXO3 gene and the susceptibility to occupational noise-induced deafness in a Chinese Han population.@*Methods@#A total of 1 066 cases of noise exposure workers from a large chemical fiber factory in Jiangsu Province were selected as the study subjects. All subjects’ basic data and field exposure data were collected through questionnaires and occupational health surveys. The subjects were divided into case group (531 persons, double ear high frequency average hearing threshold>25 dB) and control group (535 persons, double ear high frequency average hearing threshold≤25 dB) according to their results of pure tone hearing test .2ml fasting venous blood was collected for DNA extraction and genotyping was performed by TaqMan-PCR technique.@*Results@#Genotyping results suggested that the GT+GG genotype is a risk factor for occupational noise-induced deafness, with an adjusted OR 95% confidence interval of 2.044 (1.51-2.78) . After the noise exposure intensity was stratified, the adjusted OR values and the 95% confidence intervals of noise intensity ≤85, 85-92 and>92 dB respectively 2.43 (1.52-3.90) , 2.17 (1.03-4.59) and 1.74 (1.07-2.83) .@*Conclusion@#GT-GG genotype in rs12212067 of FOXO3 gene may be a risk factor for occupational noise-induced deafness.

17.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 378-381, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806488

ABSTRACT

Objective@#A method for the simultaneous determination of organophosphrous pesticides inhuman serum was developed.@*Methods@#Using C18 and PSA as absorbent, 21 organophosphrous pesticides including methamidophos, dichlorvos, acephate, Omethoate, demeton and etc. in human serum were determined by combing QuEChERS with GC-MS, organophosphrous pesticides were qualitatedsimultaneously by retention time and characteristic ions. Their contents were determined by internal standard method of quantitative ions.@*Results@#The linear range was from0to 0.60μg/ml with a good correlation coefficients (r ≥ 0.9961) . The LODs of this methodranged from 0.0009 to 0.0111 μg/ml. The average recoveries of3 organophosphrous pesticides (methamidophos、dichlorvos and acephate) ranged from 71.8%~85.3%, The average recoveries of other 18 organophosphrous pesticidesranged from 82.9%~102.9%. The relative standard deviations were0.8%~7.0%.@*Conclusion@#The convenient operation and versatility of this method are suitable forthe fast screening and accurate detection of 21 organophosphrous pesticides in human serum.

18.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 926-929, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807712

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the characteristics and causes of pesticide poisoning in Xuzhou city, and provide basis for formulating prevention and control measures.@*Methods@#The cases of pesticide poisoning in Xuzhou City from 2005 to 2017 were collected from "Pesticide Poisoning Report Card" . The data were analyzed and assessed by EpiData. The SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#During the thirteen years, there were a total of 8092 cases of pesticide poisoning, among which, the number of occupational pesticide poisoning was 1 408, accounting for 17.4% of the total number of cases, 14 patients died, the case fatality rate was 0.1%. There were 2, 992 cases of male poisoning, accounting for 36.97% of the total number of cases, and 5, 100 cases of female poisoning, accounting for 63.03%. There were 6684 non-productive pesticide poisonings, accounting for 82.6% of the total number of cases; 387 deaths occurred, and the mortality rate was 5.8%. Among non-productive poisonings, the incidence of oral pesticide poisoning was 84.3%, and the incidence of accidental poisoning by pesticides was 15.7%. Organophosphorus pesticides poisoning cases accounted for the majority of oral pesticide poisoning cases. The overall incidence of pesticide poisoning showed a downward trend. The age of non-productive pesticide poisoning cases was mainly 15-44 years old, and the number of cases of poisoning were 4 029 cases (60.28%) . With the increase of age, the mortality rate of poisoning cases was higher, especially for those over 60 years old who died of oral pesticide poisoning (40.1%) . The peak of pesticide poisoning began to increase in the second quarter and reached its peak in the third quarter.@*Conclusion@#Although the cases of pesticide poisoning reported in Xuzhou City have been declining in recent years, the situation is still severe. The proportion of oral pesticide suicide accounts for a large proportion, and the mortality rate of elderly and female is relatively high, and the government should pay more attention. Workers should conduct safety education and psychological counseling to improve the knowledge and consciousness of safe use of pesticides.

19.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 923-926, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807711

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effect of p-phenylenediamine (PPD) on liver and kidney function in occupational exposed workers.@*Methods@#Workers in a hair dye production enterprise which used p-phenylenediamine as a raw material for production were selected as the main research population. Then we conducted a questionnaire survey on the basic conditions of workers and conducted occupational health checkups on general health status, liver and kidney function. Occupational health examination assessment results were tested in Taizhou Cancer Hospital. All data was built using EpiData 3.1 software, and statistical analysis was performed using software SPSS 20.0.@*Results@#The liver function indicators including direct bilirubin, prealbumin, total protein, and white protein, globulin, aspartate aminotransferase, glutamyl transpeptidase, and total bilirubin in the workers exposed to high concentration of PPD were at high normal values, and these indicators were significantly different from low PPD concentration group (P<0.05) . The serum creatinine and serum uric acid in the renal function index were significantly higher in workers exposed to PPD than in workers exposed to low concentrations and in the control group (P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#Occupational exposed to PPD may have a hazard to the workers’ liver and kidney function. Long-term occupational exposure to PPD may lead to increased cumulative exposure of workers, which may cause potential chronic liver and kidney damage in occupationally exposed populations.

20.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 834-836, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807584

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effects p-phenylenediamine (PPD) on lung function and health-related quality of life of occupational exposed workers.@*Methods@#This study was based on data from a company that produce hair dye containing PPD in China. Workers who exposed to PPD were selected as the study group, and workers un-exposed to PPD were selected as the control group. Questionnaires on health-related quality of life of workers using the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) . Occupational health examination assessment results were tested in Taizhou Cancer Hospital. The lung function test includes forced vital capacity (FVC) , forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1.0) , and ratio of FEV1.0 to FVC (FEV1.0/FVC) .@*Results@#The difference in systolic blood pressure between the PPD exposed group and the control group was statistically significant (P<0.05) . FVC, FEV1.0, and FEV1.0/FVC of the lung function indexes in the exposed group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05) . In the health-related quality of life, body pain (P=0.002) , general health (P=0.029) , vitality (P=0.038) , and mental health (P=0.003) were lower in the exposed group than in the control group.@*Conclusion@#Occupational exposed to PPD may induce hazard to the workers’lung function and may cause detrimental effect on workers’ health-related quality of life.

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