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China Oncology ; (12): 167-172, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465415


Background and purpose:As the development of the completion of the human genome project (HGP), the research focus is turning to the gene function research. At present, the domestic experimental research on the apoptosis of K562 cells induced by antisense olignonucleotides is rare. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of human chronic myelogenou leukemia (CML) bcr-abl fusion gene antisense oligonucletides on autophagy and apoptosis of CMLK562 cells in vitro. Methods:By liposome as the carrier, K562 cells were transfected with the bcr-abl gene antisense olignonucleotides. Hoechst staining method was used to observe the apoptosis inducing effect of different concentrations of oligonucleotides, the expressions of LC3-Ⅱ, autophagy-related protein, were determined by the Western blot method, the cell cycles were determined by lfow cytometry (FCM), and JEM-4000EX electron microscope technology was used to detect the apoptosis morphological changes. The apoptosis was detected by DNA agarose gel electrophoresis. Results:Hoechst staining results showed that the bcr-abl gene antisense oligonucletides signiifcantly promoted the apoptosis of K562 cells in a certain concentration dependent manner. Western blot showed that the expression level of LC3-Ⅱwas obviously higher in bcr-abl gene antisense oligonucletides transfected group than the control group, showing a promoting effect on cell autophagy. FCM test results showed that bcr-abl gene antisense oligonucleotides transfected K562 cells showed obvious cell cycle arrest, visible obvious apoptosis morphology under the electron microscope, and DNA Ladder showed obvious apoptosis fragments. Conclusion:The bcr-abl gene antisense olignonucleotides can signiifcantly induce the cell apoptosis of K562. This study provides a new method for CML therapy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481251


Objective To evaluate the safety and clinical short-term efficacy of interventional emboliz-ation with hepasphere-loaded microspheres in treating inoperable hepatocellular carcinomas. Methods A total of 15 patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma underwent transcatheter arterial chemoembolization ( TACE ) using hepasphere-loaded microspheres as embolic agent . The clinical data , imaging follow-up materials, complications of interventional treatment, prognosis, etc. were summarized and analyzed. The results were evaluated with modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (mRECIST); monthly follow-up was made for all patients. A total of 23 TACE procedures were performed in 15 patients. Results The following-up period ranged from 6 months to 15 months , the median follow-up time being 10 months . According to mRECIST, the 3-month objective response rate (CR+PR) was 73.3% and disease control rate (CR+PR+SD) was 93.3%;the 6-month objective response rate (CR+PR) was 73.3%and the disease control rate (CR+PR+SD) was 86.7%. No severe complications, such as bile leak complicated by infection, liver abscess, abdominal hemorrhage, bleeding due to tumor rupture, gastrointestinal bleeding, etc. occurred in all patients . Conclusion In treating unresectable hepatocellular carcinomas , TACE using newly-developed hepasphere microspheres carries satisfactory clinical short-term efficacy and safety, although thelog-term results need to be further investigated with larger sample trial.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1130-5, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448703


This study is to investigate the effect of the effective components group of Xiaoshuantongluo (XECG) on neuronal injury induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) in primary cortical cultures isolated from SD rat cortex at day 3 and the possible mechanism. Cells were divided into control group, OGD model group and XECG group (1, 3 and 10 mg x L(-1)). The cell viability was assessed with MTT assay and the LDH release rate was measured by enzyme label kit. The cell apoptosis was analyzed using Hoechst staining. RT-PCR was applied to detect the mRNA levels of JAK2 and STAT3. Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of Bcl-2, Bax, p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 proteins. Results showed that XECG resulted in an obvious resistance to oxygen-glucose deprivation-induced cell apoptosis and decrement of cell viability, decrease the cell LDH release rate. XECG could adjust the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins and increase Bcl-2/Bax ratio, up-regulate the expression of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3. In conclusion, XECG could protect against the neuronal injury cells exposed to OGD, which may be relevant to the promotion of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway, and impact the expression of Bax and Bcl-2.

Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 990-994, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279453


Nano magnetic microspheres prepared by chitosan and poly acylic acid were applied to purifying superoxide dismutase from blood erythrocyte. Chitosan-polyacyilc acid graft copolymer was synthesized by free radical graft copolymerization with potassium persulfate as inititator. To prepare Fe3O4 magnetic fluids with chemical coprecipitation, chitosan-polyacylic nano magnetic microspheres were prepared with glutaraldehyde as crosslinking agent. Structure of nano magnetic microspheres was detected by FT-IR spectrometer. Particle size and morphology were characterized by JEM-4000EX technology. Chitosan-polyacylic nanometer microspheres have good paticle cize distribution, magnetic responsiveness and protein adsoption. Activity, product yield and activity recovery of SOD after purification reached 6 727 U/mg, 21.1%, and 85.7% respectively. Purification of blood superoxide dismutase by chistosan-polyacylic acid microspheres has its renewable and feasible nature.

Chitosan , Chemistry , Erythrocytes , Glutaral , Chemistry , Magnetics , Microspheres , Polymers , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Superoxide Dismutase