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Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 897-901, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508635


Objective To investigate the types of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec)gene and an-timicrobial resistance of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA)isolated from outpatients and inpatients in a hospital.Methods MRSA strains isolated between May 2011 and August 2015 in a hospi-tal and the relevant case data were collected,polymerase chain reaction(PCR)method was used to identify mecA gene of MRSA and SCCmec gene of CA-MRSA,antimicrobial susceptibility testing of CA-MRSA were performed and analyzed. Results A total of 305 MRSA isolates were collected,296 of which were mecA positive,29.73% (88/296)were CA-MR-SA. The genotyping of CA-MRSA showed that 48 strains were SCCmec type Ⅳ,36 were SCCmec type V,the other 4 strains were undefined. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing results showed that susceptibility rates of CA-MRSA to vanco-mycin,linezolid,and tigecycline were all 100% ,resistance rates to penicillin and oxacillin were both 100% ;resistance rates of SCCmec type IV and SCCmec type V CA-MRSA strains to levofloxacin,rifampicin,and ciprofloxacin were all signifi-cantly different (all P58% .Conclusion The main SCCmec type of CA-MRSA are type IV and type V in this hospital,antimicrobial resistance rate is high,clinicians should pay high attention,and use antimicrobial agents according to antimicrobial susceptibility testing results.

Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 476-478,482, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602447


Objective To analyze antimicrobial resistance of hospital-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococ-cusaureus(HA-MRSA)and community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA),and provide reference for clinical treatment and rational antimicrobial use. Methods From May 2013 to June 2014, Staphylococcus aureus in a hospital were collected and analyzed,strains were identified and performed antimicrobial susceptibility testing by using VITEK 2 Compact system,diagnosis of HA-MRSA and CA-MRSA were confirmed in combined with clinical symptoms.Results A total of 84 MRSA isolates were isolated (61 were HA-MRSA strains,23 were CA-MRSA).Resistant rates of HA-MRSA and CA-MRSA to penicillin G and oxacillin were both 100.00% ;to ampicillin/sulbactam was 100.00% and 95.65% respectively;to compound sulfamethoxazole was 39.34% and 34.78% respectively. Antimicrobial resistant rates of HA-MRSA to gentamicin,tetracycline,erythro-mycin,clindamycin,levofloxacin,ciprofloxacin,moxifloxacin,nitrofurantoin,and rifampicin were all higher than CA-MRSA,the difference were significant(all P<0.001).Conclusion Antimicrobial resistance of HA-MRSA and CA-MRSA are all serious,monitor should be intensified,antimicrobial use should be chosen according to antimicro-bial susceptibility testing result.

International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 2754-2755,2757, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600276


Objective Too investigate the application value of procalcitonin(PCT)and high sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP)in early diagnosis of neonatal septicemia and disease condition assessment.Methods 48 patients with neonatal septicemia treated in the hospital from November 2011 to May 2013 were collected.The data of PCT,hs-CRP and blood culture were recorded and performed the comparative analysis with the serum PCT,hs-CRP detection results in contemporaneous 48 neonates without septicemia.Results The serum PCT and hs-CRP was 93.75% and 10.42% in the neonates with septicemia,which were signifi-cantly higher than 79.17% and 50% in the neonates without septicemia(P <0.05),the positive rate had statistical difference be-tween the two groups.Conclusion PCT and hs-CRP have remarkable change in the early stage of neonatal sepsis,the combination detection of serum PCT and hs-CRP can be used as the indicators for early diagnosis of neonatal sepsis,moreover the sensitivity and specificity of PCT for diagnosing neonatal septicemia are higher the those of hs-CRP,their combined detection can provide fast and accurate diagnostic basis for clinic.

Chinese Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy ; (6): 323-326, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455022


Objective To investigate the distribution and antimicrobial resistance in Enterococcus species isolated from Ordos Central Hospital.Methods The Enterococcus strains were isolated from clinical specimens from January 2010 to June 2013.The identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing were completed on VITEK 2 Compact.WHONET 5.6 software was used to analyze the data.Results A total of 271 strains of Enterococcus were collected,including E.faecium (50.6%,137/271), E.faecalis (29.5%,80/271),and other Enterococcus (19.9%,54/271).The Enterococcus isolates were mainly from urine (25.5%,69/271 ),pus (14.8%,40/271 )and wound secretion (12.5%,34/271 ).The E.faecalis strains were highly susceptible to vancomycin and linezolid.Only 1 .3% and 1 .5% of the strains were resistant to vancomycin and linezolid, respectively.No strains of E.faecalis were resistant to nitrofurantoin.The percentage of E.faecalis resistant to penicillin and ampicillin was 11.8% and 2.6%,respectively.About 31.0% and 22.9% of E.faecalis strains were resistant to gentamicin (high level)and streptomycin (high level),respectively.The E.faecium strains were more resistant to most antibiotics tested than E.faecalis.The drug-resistance rate of E.faecium strains to vancomycin was 4.4%.But no strains were found resistant to linezolid.Only 19.1% of these strains were resistant to nitrofurantoin.Also 44.8% and 26.4% of E. faecium isolates were resistant to gentamicin (high level)and streptomycin (high level),respectively.However,E.faecium was less resistant to tetracycline and quinupristin-dalfopristin than E.faecalis.The resistance rate was 58.3% and 0, respectively.Conclusions The E.faecium strains are more resistant to most drugs tested than E.faecalis.Some strains are resistant to vancomycin.The resistance of Enterococcus varies widely with region and species.Antimicrobial therapy for such enterococcal infections should be based on the results of antimicrobial susceptibility testing.