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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(1): 30-39, jan. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1147555

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A disfunção temporomandibular,distúrbio que acomete as estruturas ósseas, musculares e articulares da região orofacial tem sido cada vez mais recorrente. Esse distúrbio causa dores, limitação de movimento e alteração na qualidade de vida dos pacientes acometidos com a doença. Se fazemnecessáriasmedidas de controle e tratamento dessadoença de prevalência crescente. Objetivo:Avaliar a amplitude de abertura bucal em pacientes portadores de disfunção temporomandibular, submetidos ao tratamento com fisioterapia após 1 e 3 meses de tratamento.Metodologia:Avaliou-se a amplitude de abertura bucal de 25 pacientes submetidos ao tratamento com fisioterapia. Todos os pacientes foram diagnosticados com disfunçãode acordo com o eixo 1 do "Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders". Os dados colhidos foram avaliados através do programa SPSS e foi realizado o teste Wilcoxon, com nível de confiança de 95%. Resultados:Para pacientes que apresentavam comprometimento da amplitude de abertura máxima sem auxílio, a fisioterapia possibilitou melhora significativa do ganho de amplitude no tempo inicial e após um mês de terapia (p= 0,002), mantendo a amplitude até o terceiro mês, sem apresentar ganho significativo. Conclusões:Para a variável amplitude de abertura bucal, a fisioterapia se mostra como uma boa alternativa de tratamento, alcançando resultados satisfatórios para o ganho de amplitude e melhoria do quadro sintomático do paciente (AU).


Introduction:Temporomandibulardisorder, a disorder that affects bone, muscle and joint structures in the orofacial region has been increasingly recurrent. This disorder causes pain, movement limitation and changes in the quality of life of patients affected by the disease. Control measures and treatment of the disease of increasing prevalence are necessary. Objective:To evaluate the range of mouth opening in patients undergoing treatment with physiotherapy after 1 and 3 months of treatment. Methodology:It was the amplitude of mouth opening in 25 patients submitted to treatment with physiotherapy. All patients were diagnosed with disorder according to axis 1 of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders. The collected data were evaluatedusing the SPSS program and the Wilcoxon test was performed, with a 95% confidence level. Results:For patients who presented impairment of the maximum opening amplitude without assistance, physiotherapy enabled a significant improvement in amplitude gainin the initial time and after one month of therapy (p= 0.002), maintaining the amplitude until the third month, without showing any significant gain. Conclusions:For the variable mouth opening amplitude, physiotherapy is shown to be a good treatment alternative, achieving satisfactory results for gaining amplitude and improving the patient's symptomatic condition (AU).


Introducción: El trastorno temporomandibular, un trastorno que afecta las estructuras óseas, musculares y articulares en la región orofacial, ha sido cada vez más recurrente. Este trastorno causa dolor, limitación de movimiento y cambios en la calidad de vida de los pacientes afectados por la enfermedad. Son necesarias medidas de control y tratamiento de la enfermedad de prevalencia creciente.Objetivo: Evaluar la amplitud de la apertura de la boca en pacientes con disfunción temporomandibular, sometidos a tratamiento con fisioterapia después de 1 y 3 meses de tratamiento.Metodología: Se evaluó la amplitud de la apertura de la boca en 25 pacientes sometidos a tratamiento de fisioterapia. Todos los pacientes fueron diagnosticados con trastorno de acuerdo con el eje 1 del Criterios de diagnóstico de investigación para trastornos temporomandibulares. Los datos recopilados se evaluaron utilizando el programa SPSS y se realizó la prueba de Wilcoxon, con un nivel de confianza del 95%. Resultados: Para los pacientes que presentaron deterioro de la amplitud máxima de apertura sin asistencia, la fisioterapia permitió una mejora significativa en la ganancia de amplitud en el tiempo inicial ydespués de un mes de terapia (p=0,002), manteniendo la amplitud hasta el tercer mes, sin mostrar ninguna ganancia significativa.Conclusiones: Para la amplitud variable de apertura de la boca, se muestra que la fisioterapia es una buena alternativa de tratamiento, logrando resultados satisfactorios para aumentar la amplitud y mejorar la condición sintomática del paciente (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/pathology , Range of Motion, Articular , Physical Therapy Specialty , Quality of Life , Brazil , Longitudinal Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20201089, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286915

ABSTRACT

Abstract Dentists are exposed to contamination by SARS-CoV-2 due to dental interventions, leading to a state of alert and potential risk of negative impact in mental health and sleep quality, associated with Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) and bruxism. Objective: to evaluate the psychosocial status, sleep quality, symptoms of TMD, and bruxism in Brazilian dentists (DSs) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methodology: The sample (n=641 DSs) was divided into three groups (quarantined DSs; DSs in outpatient care; and frontline professionals), which answered an electronic form containing the TMD Pain Screening Questionnaire (Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders - DC/TMD), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21), and the sleep and awake bruxism questionnaire. ANOVA test and Mann Whitney post-test were used, with Bonferroni adjustment (p<0.016) and a 95% confidence level. Results: Probable TMD was found in 24.3% (n=156) of the participants, while possible sleep and awake bruxism were diagnosed in 58% (n=372) and 53.8% (n=345) of them, respectively. Among all variables evaluated, only symptoms of depression were significantly greater in the quarantined DSs group when compared to those who were working at the clinical care (p=0.002). Working DSs were significantly less likely (OR=0.630, p=0.001) to have depressive symptoms. Those who were not worried or less worried about the pandemic were less likely to experience stress (OR=0.360), anxiety (OR=0.255), and poor sleep quality (OR=0.256). Sleep had a strong positive and moderate correlation with psychological factors on frontline workers and DSs in outpatient care, respectively. Conclusion: The results suggest confinement may have a more negative impact on the life of DSs than the act of being actively working. The concern about Covid-19 and poor sleep quality was significantly prevalent and may negatively affect the quality of life of DSs. Thus, further research on the topic is needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bruxism , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/epidemiology , Sleep Bruxism/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Quality of Life , Sleep , Brazil/epidemiology , Dentists , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 21(4): 403-410, 2018. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-965681

ABSTRACT

Objective: To verify the level of agreement among different indexes used to achieve the prevalence of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD). Material and Methods: One hundred one dental students were selected by a randomized process. TMD were evaluated by the Fonseca's Anamnestic Index (FAI), Helkimo's Clinical Index (HCI), and the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD). Data was analyzed using Chi-square and Kappa tests, considering a significance level of 5%. Results: HCI showed the highest prevalence of TMD, and the comparison between RDC/TMD, FAI, and HCI showed low agreement (k=0.17 and k=0.35 respectively). Most individuals presented mild TMD for both FAI and HCI indexes. A moderate correlation for TMD severity was obtained (kw=0.53) between FAI and HCI, and a high sensitivity and low specificity were observed for both diagnosis when compared to RDC/TMD. Conclusion: The prevalence of TMD may vary significantly depending on the index used for its diagnosis, which may lead to a large number of false positives and overtreatments. (AU)


Objetivo: Verificar o nível de concordância entre diferentes índices utilizados para avaliar a prevalência de disfunções temporomandibulares (DTMs). Material e Métodos: Cento e um estudantes de odontologia foram selecionados por um processo randomizado. As DTMs foram avaliadas pelo Índice Anamnéstico de Fonseca (IAF), pelo Índice Clínico de Helkimo (ICH) e pelo Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC / TMD). Os dados foram analisados pelos testes Qui-quadrado e Kappa, considerando um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: A aplicação do ICH levou a uma maior prevalência de DTM, e a comparação entre o RDC/TMD, IAF e ICH mostrou baixa concordância (k = 0,17 e k = 0,35, respectivamente). A maioria dos indivíduos apresentou DTM leve para os índices FAI e ICH. Uma correlação moderada para a gravidade da DTM foi obtida (kw = 0,53) entre FAI e HCI, e uma alta sensibilidade e baixa especificidade foram observadas para ambos os diagnósticos quando comparados com o RDC/TMD. Conclusão: A prevalência de DTM pode variar significativamente, dependendo do índice usado para o seu diagnóstico, o que pode levar a um grande número de falsos positivos e sobretratamentos. (AU)


Subject(s)
Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Epidemiology , Prevalence , Young Adult
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(6): 694-698, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888698

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the peri-implant bone loss of External Hexagon (EH) and Morse Taper (MT) implants in patients wearing immediately loaded mandibular overdentures during a 1-year follow-up. This is a non-randomized controlled clinical trial including 18 MT and 22 EH implants. Periapical radiographs were taken after overdentures insertion and following 1 year. The peri-implant bone loss was assessed through digitalization and analysis of the radiographs in the software Corel DRAW X7. For this, measurement from implant platform to residual ridge at mesial and distal surfaces of each implant was conducted. The results showed high success rate in the groups EH (100%) and MT (94.4%). For peri-implant bone levels, it was found significant difference between the groups (p=0.032) and greater bone loss was observed in the group EH. In general, bone loss was 0.85mm (±0.82) for EH and 0.10mm (±1.0) for MT. It was concluded that greater bone loss occurred in the group EH in comparison to the group MT after a 1-year follow-up.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a perda óssea peri-implantar de implantes Hexágono Externo (HE) e Cone Morse (CM) em usuários de sobredentaduras mandibulares com carga imediata por um período de acompanhamento de 1 ano. Este é um ensaio clínico controlado não randomizado que inclui 18 CM e 22 HE. Radiografias periapicais foram obtidas na instalação das sobredentaduras e 1 ano após. A perda óssea peri-implante foi avaliada através da digitalização e análise das radiografias no software Corel DRAW X7. Para tal, a medição foi feita da plataforma dos implantes até a crista óssea nas faces mesiais e distais de cada implante. Os resultados mostraram alta taxa de sucesso nos grupos HE (100%) e CM (94,4%). Para os níveis ósseos peri-implantes, foi encontrada diferença significativa entre os grupos (p = 0,032) e maior perda óssea foi observada no grupo HE. Em média, a perda óssea foi de 0,85 mm (±0,82) para HE e de 0,10 mm (±1,0) para CM. Concluiu-se que uma maior perda óssea ocorreu no grupo HE em comparação com o grupo CM após um acompanhamento de 1 ano.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Denture, Overlay , Immediate Dental Implant Loading , Osteoporosis/etiology , Radiography, Dental
5.
Full dent. sci ; 7(25): 98-101, jan.2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-790084

ABSTRACT

This study aims to evaluate the association between habitual body posture during sleep, sleep disturbances, and TMD severity. One hundred and fifty patients with complaints of TMD signs and symptoms were considered for this study. However, sixty-seven patients were diagnosed with TMD through the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Dysfunction (RDC-TMD) and were evaluated in the study. The sleep habits were assessed using specific questionnaires answered individually. It was use a self-report questionnaire with questions relating to different sleep habits: sleep with hand under the chin, wake up with face discomfort, read or watch TV on bed, take drug or alcohol to sleep; and questions relating to sleep disorders based on General Health Questionnaire (GHQ): difficulty to keeping sleep, wake up early and get no sleep. The level of TMD was obtained with FonsecaÆs anamnestic index. A database was created and the statistical analysis used in this study was the chi-square test, with a significance level of 95% (p < 0.05). There was a statistical association between the TMD severity and patients who sleep with hand under the chin (p=0.004), wake up with face discomfort (0=0.004), and read or watch TV on bed (p=0.009). It can be concluded that patients with TMD require special consideration with respect to usual body posture during sleep...


Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar a associação entre a postura corporal habitual durante o sono, distúrbios do sono e severidade da DTM. Cento e cinquenta pacientes com queixas de sinais e sintomas de DTM foram considerados para este estudo. Sessenta e sete pacientes foram diagnosticados com DTM através dos critérios diagnósticos de pesquisa em disfunção temporomandibular (RDC - TMD) e incluídos neste trabalho. Os hábitos de sono foram avaliados por meio de questionários específicos. Foi usado um questionário de autorrelato com as questões relativas a diferentes hábitos de sono: dormir com a mão sob o queixo, acordar com desconforto no rosto, ler ou assistir TV na cama, usar drogas ou álcool para dormir; e as questões relacionadas aos distúrbios do sono baseadas no Questionário de Saúde Geral (General Health Questionnaire - GHQ): dificuldade em manter o sono, acordar cedo e ficar sem dormir. O grau de DTM foi obtido com o índice de Fonseca. Um banco de dados foi criado e a análise estatística utilizada neste estudo foi o teste do qui-quadrado, com um nível de significância de 95% (p <0,05). Houve uma associação estatisticamente significativa entre a severidade da DTM e os pacientes que dormem com a mão sob o queixo (p = 0,004), acordam com desconforto na face (0 = 0,004) e leem ou assistem TV na cama (p = 0,009). Pode-se concluir que os pacientes com DTM requerem uma análise especial com relação à postura corporal habitual durante o sono...


Subject(s)
Humans , Diagnostic Imaging/instrumentation , Sleep , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/etiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e102, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952038

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this non-randomized controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the oral health-related quality of life and masticatory efficiency of patients rehabilitated with mandibular two-implant overdentures with immediate loading or conventional dentures. Fifty completely edentulous patients wearing bimaxillary conventional dentures, for at least one year, were recruited. The patients were then assigned to either two treatment groups: mandibular overdentures supported by two implants with bar-clip system and a maxillary conventional denture (n = 25), and new maxillary and mandibular conventional complete dentures (n = 25). Masticatory efficiency and oral health-related quality of life were assessed before and 3 months after denture insertion. The Brazilian version of OHIP-Edent questionnaire was used to assess the oral health-related quality of life. Masticatory efficiency was evaluated with chewing capsules through a colorimetric method. The results revealed fewer oral health-related quality of life problems in patients wearing mandibular two-implant overdentures compared to the conventional dentures group. In addition, the implant overdenture group presented statistically significant improvement in masticatory efficiency (p = 0.001). There was no correlation between masticatory efficiency and OHIP in the implant group (p > 0.05), however a correlation was found in the conventional denture group (p < 0.05). Therefore, these short-term results suggest that mandibular overdenture retained by 2 implants with immediate loading combined with maxillary conventional dentures provide better masticatory efficiency and oral health-related quality of life than mandibular conventional dentures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Dentures/psychology , Immediate Dental Implant Loading/psychology , Mastication/physiology , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods , Time Factors , Dental Implants/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Statistics, Nonparametric , Mandible , Middle Aged , Mouth Rehabilitation/psychology
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 26(3): 277-283, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751868

ABSTRACT

The objective of this research was to evaluate the passivity by measuring the passive fit and strain development of frameworks screwed on abutments, made by CAD/CAM technology, and to compare these parts with samples manufactured by conventional casting. Using CAD/CAM technology, four samples were made from zirconia (Zircad) and four samples were manufactured from cobalt-chrome (CoCrcad). The control groups were four specimens of cobalt-chrome, made by one-piece casting (CoCrci), with a total of 12 frameworks. To evaluate the passive fit, the vertical misfit at the abutment-framework interface was measured with scanning electron microscopy (250×) when only one screw was tightened. The mean strain in these frameworks was analyzed by photoelasticity test. A significant difference in the passive fit was observed between the control and sample groups. CoCrcad exhibited the best value of passive fit (48.76±13.45 µm) and CoCrci the worst (187.55±103.63 µm); Zircad presented an intermediate value (103.81±43.15 µm). When compared to the other groups, CoCrci showed the highest average stress around the implants (17.19±7.22 kPa). It was concluded that CAD/CAM-fabricated frameworks exhibited better passivity compared with conventionally fabricated frameworks. CAD/CAM-fabricated Co-Cr frameworks may exhibit better passive fit compared with CAD/CAM-fabricated zirconia frameworks. Even so, similar levels of stress were achieved for CAD/CAM-fabricated frameworks.


O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar a passividade através da medição da tensão induzida e adaptação passiva em infra-estruturas parafusadas sobre pilares, confeccionadas por tecnologia CAD/CAM, e comparar estas amostras com peças fabricadas por fundição convencional. Usando a tecnologia de CAD/CAM, quatro amostras foram feitas em zircônia (ZirCAD) e quatro amostras foram fabricados em cobalto-cromo (CoCrcad). Os grupos controle foram quatro espécimes de cobalto-cromo, feitos por fundição em monobloco (CoCrci), totalizando 12 infra-estruturas. Para avaliar a adaptação passiva, a diferença vertical entre a infraestrutura e o pilar protético foi medido em microscopia eletrônica de varredura (250 ×) quando apenas um parafuso foi apertado. A tensão média nestas infraestruturas foi analisada através do teste de fotoelasticidade. Foi observada uma diferença significativa na passividade entre os grupos controle e demais amostras. CoCrcad exibiu melhor valor de adaptação passiva (48,76±13,45 mm) e CoCrci o pior (187,55±103,63 mm), Zircad apresentou um valor intermediário (103,81±43,15 µm). Quando comparado com os outros grupos, CoCrci apresentou a maior tensão média ao redor dos implantes (17,19±7,22 kPa). Concluiu-se que a tecnologia CAD/CAM exibiu maior passividade em comparação com as infraestruturas confeccionadas pela técnica convencional. Infraestruturas confeccionadas em Co-Cr através do CAD/CAM apresentaram maior adaptação passiva em comparação com as amostras confeccionadas por CAD/CAM em zircônia. Entretanto, níveis de estresse similares foram obtidos para as estruturas fabricadas por CAD/CAM.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Dental Implants , Prosthesis Design , Dental Abutments , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
9.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 43(6): 390-395, Nov-Dec/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-730683

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Combination Syndrome (CS) is a pathological condition observed in maxillary complete denture (CD) and mandibular removable partial denture (RPD) wearers. Purpose: The aim of this study was to observe and measure the prevalence of CS signs in treatment-seeking wearers of maxillary CD associated or not with RPD (mandibular Kennedy Class I). The association between RPD wearing and the number of CS clinical signs was also evaluated. Material and method: The sample included 62 patients seen at the Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). A clinical oral examination was conducted to assess the presence of specific clinical signs of CS as described by Kelly (1972): bone resorption in the maxillary anterior region, tuberosity overgrowth, palatal papillary hyperplasia, extrusion of mandibular anterior teeth and bone resorption in the mandibular posterior region. The chi-square test at the 95% level of significance was used to test the association between dependent and independent variables. Result: Mandibular resorption was the most frequent complication (93.5%). There was a statistically significant difference between RPD wearers and non-wearers with regard to extrusion of mandibular anterior teeth (p = 0.045). Conclusion: Within the limitations of the present study, a high prevalence of CS clinical signs was observed, but no association between RPD wearing and syndrome characteristics was found. .


Introdução: A Síndrome da Combinação (SC) é uma condição patológica associada aos pacientes usuários de prótese total maxilar e prótese parcial removível (PPR) mandibular. Objetivo: Observar e mensurar a prevalência dos sinais da Síndrome da Combinação encontrados em pacientes usuários de prótese total maxilar na presença ou ausência de PPR mandibular (Classe I de Kennedy); e averiguar uma possível associação entre a utilização de PPR e a prevalência dos sinais clínicos da síndrome. Material e método: A amostra foi composta por 62 pacientes atendidos no Departamento de Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). O exame clínico intrabucal foi realizado para a verificação da presença ou ausência dos sinais clínicos específicos da Síndrome da Combinação, descrita por Kelly (1972): reabsorção óssea na região anterior da maxila, aumento das tuberosidades, hiperplasia papilar palatina, extrusão dos dentes naturais inferiores anteriores e reabsorção óssea posterior mandibular (variáveis dependentes). Para determinação da associação entre as variáveis dependentes e independentes (uso de PPR inferior e tempo de edentulismo superior), foi utilizado o teste qui-quadrado com significância de 95%. Resultado: A característica mais frequente foi a presença de reabsorção mandibular (93,5%). Quanto à associação entre o uso de PPR inferior e as características da Síndrome da Combinação, só houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre portadores e não portadores de PPR com relação à extrusão dos dentes inferiores anteriores (p = 0,045). Conclusão: Dentro ...

10.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 62(3): 309-314, Jul-Sep/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-732737

ABSTRACT

Watsu therapy is a water relaxation intervention technique performed individually in a warm pool with music and peaceful settings involving harmonious rotational movements, stretching, tractions on the joints and pressures at the points of muscle tension. This study evaluated the effect of Watsu therapy on psychological aspects (anxiety and minor psychiatric disorders) and on the quality of life of a patient with temporomandibular disorders. The patient answered three questionnaires: STAI (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) and GHQ (Goldberg Health Questionnaire) to assess anxiety and psychiatric disorders respectively, and WHOQOL- Brief (World Health Organization Quality of Life) to assess quality of life. Watsu therapy has been used in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) such as myofascial pain diagnosed by RDC/TMD (Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders). Psychological aspects and quality of life were assessed before and after Watsu therapy. The results after treatment showed relevant and significant improvement on all indices evaluated. Therefore, it was shown that Watsu therapy was effective in reducing anxiety and minor psychiatric disorders, as well as improved quality of life of patients with temporomandibular disorder.


A terapia Watsu é uma técnica de terapia aquática para relaxamento realizada individualmente em piscina aquecida com música em ambiente tranquilo e harmonioso, envolvendo movimentos rotacionais, alongamento, trações nas articulações e pressões em pontos de tensão muscular. Este estudo avaliou o efeito da terapia Watsu nos aspectos psicológicos (ansiedade e distúrbios psiquiátricos menores) e a qualidade de vida de uma paciente com disfunção temporo-mandibular. A paciente respondeu a três questionários: Inventário de Ansiedade - Resumido - Estado e Questionário de Saúde Geral para avaliar ansiedade e distúrbios psiquiátricos menores, respectivamente e; o Questionário de Qualidade de Vida da Organização Mundial de Saúde. A terapia Watsu foi usada em paciente com disfunção temporo-mandibular, como dor miofascial diagnosticada pelos Critérios de diagnóstico em pesquisa para Disfunção Temporo-mandibular. Os aspectos psicológicos e qualidade de vida foram avaliados antes e após a terapia Watsu. Os resultados após o tratamento mostraram melhora relevante e significativa em todos os índices avaliados. Portanto, pode-se concluir que a terapia Watsu foi eficaz na redução de ansiedade e distúrbios psiquiátricos menores, bem como melhora da qualidade de vida em paciente com disfunção temporo-mandibular.

11.
Braz. oral res ; 28(1): 74-80, Jan-Feb/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-697004

ABSTRACT

This systematic review evaluated the influence played by the number of implants on the results of rehabilitation treatment with mandibular overdentures on 2 or 4 implants. The literature search was conducted using PubMed, Embase and Cochrane databases. Specific terms were used in performing a search from January 1980 to January 2013. The search strategy was applied by two reviewers who extracted the data and compared the results. Discrepancies were resolved by discussion. Great heterogeneity was seen among the selected studies, in regard to survival rates, prosthesis failure and function rates. A medium degree of quality and methodological consistency was found in one study, and no studies showed a high degree. When considering the prosthesis success rate for 2 implants, there was a variation of 23% to 100%. However, when considering the survival rate, the result was 92% to 100%. For 4 implants, prosthesis survival rates showed less variation, i.e., 97.7% to 100%. Ball attachments were the most common type of abutment for 2 implants; however, there was a higher prevalence of bar abutments for 4 implants. Rehabilitations with 2 implants showed more complications and required more maintenance according to the connection type. Given the limitations of this review, mandibular overdentures with 4 implants showed better results with respect to survival and success rates, especially those with a bar connection. Further studies comparing these two treatment types are necessary to improve the scientific evidence in this area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Denture, Complete, Lower , Denture, Overlay , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported/methods , Jaw, Edentulous/rehabilitation , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Treatment Outcome
12.
In. Carreiro, Adriana da Fonte Porto; Batista, André Ulisses Dantas. Prótese parcial removível contemporânea. São Paulo, Santos, 2013. p.267-293, ilus. (BR).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-708396
13.
Braz. oral res ; 27(2): 116-121, Mar-Apr/2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-667990

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to associate minor psychiatric disorders (general health) and quality of life with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in patients diagnosed with different TMD classifications and subclassifications with varying levels of severity. Among 150 patients reporting TMD symptoms, 43 were included in the present study. Fonseca's anamnestic index was used for initial screening while axis I of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC-TMD) was used for TMD diagnosis (muscle-related, joint-related or muscle and joint-related). Minor psychiatric disorders were evaluated through the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and quality of life was assessed using the World Health Organization Quality Of Life-Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF). An association was found between minor psychiatric disorders and TMD severity, except for stress. A stronger association was found with mild TMD. Considering TMD classifications and severity together, only the item "death wish" from the GHQ was related to severe muscle-related TMD (p = 0.049). For quality of life, an association was found between disc displacement with reduction and social domain (p = 0.01). Physical domains were associated with TMD classifications and severity and the association was stronger for muscle and joint-related TMD (p = 0.37) and mild TMD (p = 0.042). It was concluded that patients with TMD require multiple focuses of attention since psychological indicators of general health and quality of life are likely associated with dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Health Status , Mental Disorders/psychology , Pain/psychology , Quality of Life/psychology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/psychology , Anxiety/psychology , Mental Disorders/etiology , Pain Measurement , Severity of Illness Index , Statistics, Nonparametric , Stress, Psychological , Surveys and Questionnaires , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/complications
14.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 12(1): 57-60, jan.-mar. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-671934

ABSTRACT

Post-poliomyelitis syndrome (PPS) is characterized by the delayed appearance of new neuromuscular symptoms in patients several years after their acute poliomyelitis paralysis. Clinical features of PPS include fatigue, joint and muscle pain, new muscular weakness and bulbar symptoms. The diagnosis is essentially clinical after excluding other neurological, orthopedic or rheumatologic problems. Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are usually diagnosed by means of comprehensive review of patient history and clinical examination and the symptoms are pain/ discomfort in the jaw, mainly in the region of the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) and/or masticatory muscles, limitation of mandibular function and/or TMJ sounds. In the same way as PPS, the diagnosis of TMD is challenging. This study reports the case of a patient that presented thesymptoms of both conditions in the stomatognathic system, and discusses how to achieve the differential diagnosis for proper management of the cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Diagnosis, Differential , Postpoliomyelitis Syndrome/pathology
16.
In. Seabra, Eduardo José Guerra; Barbosa, Gustavo Augusto Seabra; Lima, Isabela Pinheiro Cavalcanti. Oclusão e DTM: conhecimentos aplicados à clínica odontológica. Natal, UERN, 2012. p.104-119, ilus. (BR).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-673660
17.
In. Seabra, Eduardo José Guerra; Barbosa, Gustavo Augusto Seabra; Lima, Isabela Pinheiro Cavalcanti. Oclusão e DTM: conhecimentos aplicados à clínica odontológica. Natal, UERN, 2012. p.120-136, ilus. (BR).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-673661
18.
Full dent. sci ; 2(5): 78-83, 20100815.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-850815

ABSTRACT

Os exercícios terapêuticos têm sido utilizados no tratamento das desordens músculo-esqueléticas. O programa de terapia por exercícios tem como objetivo final, a obtenção de movimento e função, livres de sintomas, devendo o mesmo ser empregado, tanto para o alívio da dor, quanto para o auxílio da restauração da função normal depois da doença ou lesão, diminuindo, o número de visitas clínicas, e consequentemente, o custo final do tratamento para o paciente. A terapia por exercícios pode ser benéfica aos pacientes que não obtiveram melhoras somente com o tratamento convencional. Tal programa pode ser dividido em exercícios ativos, exercícios ativos resistidos e alongamento passivo manual. Este trabalho tem como objetivo, descrever a utilização do programa de exercícios terapêuticos nas disfunções temporomandibulares (DTMs) e relatar um caso clínico utilizando os mesmos


The therapeutic exercises have been used for the muscle-skeletal disorders treatment. The therapeutic exercise program aims the acquisition of movement and function, free of symptoms, being employed both for pain relief as well as aiding the reestablishment of normal function after the occurrence of disease or lesion, reducing also the number of clinical visits, and consequently, the final cost of the treatment for the patient. The exercises therapy can be beneficial to the patients who had not presented improvements only with the conventional treatment. Such a program can be divided in active exercises, active resistance exercises and manual passive stretching. This study purposes to present the therapeutic exercise program efficacy in the support therapy of the temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD), and report a clinical case


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Physical Therapy Modalities , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/therapy , Exercise Therapy/methods , Craniomandibular Disorders/therapy , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/therapy
19.
Clín. int. j. braz. dent ; 6(1): 34-41, jan.-mar. 2010. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-716596

ABSTRACT

A busca crescente de pacientes por estética e opções restauradoras ametálicas tem conduzido à procura por alternativas para a reconstrução dentária, por meio de restaurações que simulem as características de um dente natural. Dentre os materiais restauradores odontológicos, as cerâmicas se destacam, tanto do ponto de vista estético-funcional como em relação à durabilidade e resistência. Atualmente, existe no mercado ampla variedade de sistemas totalmente cerâmicos, dentre os quais aparece o sistema In-Ceram, com suas variações In-Ceram Alumina, In-Ceram Spinell e In-Ceram Zircônia, que ainda necessitam de ser investigados minuciosamente. Assim, este artigo apresenta um caso clínico que demonstra a confecção de uma coroa sem metal para um elemento canino superior direito. Foi utilizado como material para infra-estrutura o sistema In-Ceram Alumina e a porcelana convencional Vitadur Alpha para revestimento, o que acarretou estética satisfatória, que mimetiza aspectos de um dente natural.


The increasing search patients for esthetic restorative options lead to the search for alternatives fot the dental reconstruction which simulate the features of a natural tooth. Between the restorative dental materials, the dental ceramics present extraordinary durability and resistance. Currently, there are a large variety of total ceramics systems in the dental market, i.e. In-Ceram system (Alumina, Spinell and Zirconia). This article has the objective to present a clinical case demonstrating the restoration of a right canine with a metal free crown using In-Ceram Alumina as the infrastructure and the conventional porcelain Vitadur Alpha as a veneering material. However, these all-ceramic systems should be submitted to longitudinal clinical evaluations, to be considered more reliable and safe, provided that the correct indications of each variation of the In-Ceramic ceramic system is respected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Ceramics , Dental Materials , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Esthetics, Dental , Materials Science
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 21(6): 515-519, 2010. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-572297

ABSTRACT

This study compared vertical and passive fit of one-piece cast frameworks made with 3 different materials: commercially pure titanium (CP Ti - G1), cobalt-chromium alloy (Co-Cr - G2) and nickel-chromium-titanium alloy (Ni-Cr-Ti - G3). Fifteen frameworks were obtained simulating bars for fixed prosthesis in a model with 5 implants. The passive and vertical fit of the framework interface was measured using an optical microscope at ×30 magnification. Data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and LSD tests (α=0.05). Mean and standard deviation values for passive fit and vertical fit were, respectively: G1 [472.49 (109.88) µm and 29.9 (13.24) µm], G2 [584.84 (120.20) µm and 27.05 (10.30) µm], and G3 [462.70 (179.18) µm and 24.95 (11.14) µm]. For vertical fit, there were no significant differences among G1, G2 and G3 (p=0.285). There were no significant differences for passive fit between G1 and G3 (p=0.844), but both differed significantly from G2 (p=0.028 and p=0.035, respectively), which showed the highest misfit values. It may be concluded that the vertical fit of frameworks was not affected by the tested materials, and that one-piece cast frameworks resulted in inadequate passive fit. The Co-Cr alloy presented the worst values for passive fit.


Este estudo tem como objetivo comparar o ajuste vertical e a passividade de infraestruturas em monobloco confeccionadas em 3 diferentes materiais: titânio comercialmente puro (Ti cp - G1), cobalto-cromo (Co-Cr - G2) e níquel-cromo-titânio (Ni-Cr-Ti - G3). Quinze infraestruturas foram obtidas simulando barras para próteses fixas em um modelo com 5 implantes. O ajuste vertical e a passividade da interface da infraestrutura foram medidos usando um microscópio óptico (30×). Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente por meio da ANOVA e teste LSD (α=0,05). A média dos valores e o desvio-padrão da passividade e do ajuste vertical estão apresentados respectivamente: Ti cp [472,49 (109,88) μm e 29,9 (13,24) μm], Co-Cr [584,84 (120,20) μm e 27,05 (10,30) μm], Ni-Cr-Ti [462,70 (179,18) μm e 24,95 (11,14) μm]. Para o desajuste vertical, não houve diferença significante entre o Ti cp e as ligas Co-Cr e Ni-Cr-Ti (p=0,285). Para passividade, não houve diferença significante entre Ti cp e Ni-Cr-Ti (p=0,844), mas ambos foram estatisticamente diferentes do Co-Cr (p=0,028 e p=0,035, respectivamente), o qual apresentou os piores resultados. Pode-se concluir que os materiais utilizados para confecção das infraestruturas não influenciaram o ajuste vertical e que infraestruturas fundidas em monobloco resultaram em inadequados ajustes passivos. A liga de Co-Cr apresentou os piores resultados para a passividade.


Subject(s)
Chromium Alloys , Dental Prosthesis Design/adverse effects , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported/adverse effects , Titanium , Analysis of Variance , Cobalt , Dental Abutments , Dental Casting Technique , Dental Implants , Models, Dental , Endpoint Determination , Nickel , Prosthesis Fitting
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