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1.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 23(2): 113-115, 20210621.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283111

ABSTRACT

Benign migratory glossitis, also known as geographic tongue, is characterized by the tongue inflammation and is associated with pain and difficulty eating due to the lingual papillae atrophy. It may appear in association with the fissured tongue. This paper reports the case of a 47-year-old male patient who sought dental care with the main complaint of burning, discomfort, increased sensitivity and a burning sensation on the tongue. He was diagnosed with migratory glossitis associated with a fissured tongue. The patient treatment was performed with an ointment based on triamcinolone acetonide (Omcilon- A Orabase®), which showed improvement in the clinical signs after seven days. The therapy used in this patient was effective in restoring the tongue papillae and improving signs and symptoms.


A glossite migratória benigna, também conhecida como língua geográfica, caracteriza-se por inflamação da língua e está associada a dor e dificuldade na alimentação devido a atrofia das papilas linguais. Pode aparecer em associação à língua fissurada. Este trabalho relata o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino com idade de 47 anos que buscou atendimento odontológico com queixa principal de ardência, desconforto, sensibilidade aumentada e sensação de queimação na língua. Foi diagnosticado com glossite migratória associada a língua fissurada. O tratamento do paciente foi realizado com pomada à base de triancinolona acetonida (Omcilon- A Orabase®) demonstrou melhora no quadro clinico após sete dias. A terapêutica usada neste paciente foi eficaz no restabelecimento das papilas da língua e melhora dos sinais e sintomas.

2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 388-394, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154447

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To describe penile fracture (PF) findings with non-sexual etiology in a referral emergency hospital, with emphasis on demographic data, clinical and intraoperative findings and long-term outcomes. Materials and Methods: Patients with PF of non-sexual cause operated at our institution from January 2014 to January 2019 were submitted to surgical treatment and monitored for at least three months after surgery. Etiology of trauma, epidemiological and clinical presentation data, time to intervention and operative findings were reviewed retrospectively. The evaluation of postoperative erectile function was carried out by filling out the International Index of Erection Function - 5 (IIEF-5). The tool used to assess urinary function was the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire. Results: Of a total of 149 patients submitted to surgical treatment for PF, 18 (12%) reported non-sexual etiology. Twelve (66.6%) cases were due to penile manipulation through the act of bending the penis during morning erection, three (16.6%) when rolling over in bed with erect penis, one (5.5%) when embracing the wife during erection, one (5.5%) to laying on the partner with erect penis and the other (5.5%) when sitting on the toilet with an erection. Operative findings were unilateral corpus cavernosum injury in all cases. Only one (5.5%) patient had a partial urethral lesion. Follow-up time varied from 3 to 18 months (mean, 10.1 months). Three (16.6%) patients developed erectile dysfunction six months after surgery. However, all of them responded to treatment with IPDE-5 and reported improvement of erection, with no need for medication, on reevaluation after 18 months. One (5.5%) patient developed penile curvature < 30 degrees. Thirteen (72.2%) patients developed penile nodules. No patient presented voiding complaints during follow-up. Conclusions: PF is a rare urologic emergency, especially with the non-sexual etiology. However, PF should always be considered when the clinical presentation is suggestive, regardless of the etiology. Penile manipulation and roll over in bed were the most common non-sexual causes. These cases are related to low-energy traumas, usually leading to unilateral rupture of corpus cavernosum. Urethral involvement is uncommon but may be present. Early treatment has good long-term clinical outcome, especially when performed in specialized centers with extensive experience in FP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Penile Diseases , Penis/surgery , Referral and Consultation , Rupture/surgery , Penile Erection , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hospitals
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(3): 409-416, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090599

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To report our experience over the past 20 years in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of penile fracture (PF). Materials and methods: Between January 1997 and January 2017, patients with clinical diagnosis of PF were admitted to our facility and retrospectively assessed. Medical records were reviewed for clinical presentation, etiology and operative findings. Postoperative complications, sexual and urinary function were evaluated. Results: Sexual trauma was the main etiological factor, responsible for 255 cases (88.5%): 110 (43.1%) occurred with the "doggy style" position, 103 (40.3%) with "man on top" position, 31 (12.1%) with the "woman on top" position and 11 (4.3%) in other sexual positions. The most common findings in the clinical presentation were hematoma, in all cases and detumescence in 238 (82.6%). Unilateral corpus cavernosum injuries were found in 199 (69%) patients and bilateral in 89 (31%) patients. Urethral injuries were observed in 54 (18.7%) cases. Nine (14.7%) patients developed erectile dysfunction and eight (13.1%) had penile curvature. Only two (3.7%) patients had complications after urethral reconstruction. Conclusions: PF has typical clinical presentation and no need for additional tests in most cases. Hematoma and immediate penile detumescence are the most common clinical findings. Sexual activity was the most common cause. The 'doggy style' and 'man-on-top' was the most common positions and generally associated with more severe lesions. Concomitant urethral injury should be considered in cases of highenergy trauma. Surgical reconstruction produces satisfactory results, however, it can lead to complications, such as erectile dysfunction and penile curvature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Penile Diseases , Erectile Dysfunction , Penis , Rupture , Retrospective Studies
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(2): 152-157, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090594

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To present the evolution and the recent data on the etiology, diagnosis, management and outcomes of penile fracture (PF) with concomitant urethral injury. Materials and Methods We searched the Pubmed database between 1998 and 2019 using the following key words: "penile fracture", "fracture of penis", "trauma to penis", "rupture of corpora cavernosa", "urethral injury", "urethral rupture" and "urethral reconstruction". Results The incidence of urethral lesion in patients with PF varies by geographic region and etiology. Blood in the meatus, hematuria and voiding symptoms are highly indicative of urethral rupture. The diagnosis of PF is eminently clinical and complementary exams are not necessary. The treatment consists of urethral reconstruction and the most common complications found are urethral stenosis and urethrocutaneous fistula. Conclusion PF is an uncommon urological emergency, particularly in cases with urethral involvement. Urethral injury should be suspected in the presence of suggestive clinical signs, and diagnosis is usually clinical. Urgent urethral reconstruction is mandatory and produces satisfactory results with low levels of complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Penile Diseases/surgery , Penile Diseases/diagnosis , Penile Diseases/etiology , Penis/injuries , Urethra/injuries , Urethral Diseases/etiology , Penis/surgery , Rupture/surgery , Rupture/diagnosis , Rupture/etiology , Urethra/surgery , Urethral Diseases/surgery
5.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 50(1): e20190149, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055855

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: This study investigated the engagement of women in animal husbandry in agroecological transitions scenarios and reflects on the advancements and challenges encountered in overcoming gender inequalities in rural areas. Semi-structured interviews and participant observation were conducted in nine properties in three municipalities in the region of Zona da Mata of Minas Gerais State. Women are involved in husbandry of different animal species, and participate in the management, processing, and marketing of products, contributing to food diversification, self-consumption, and income generation. Overcoming gender inequality in an agroecological scenario requires making the work and knowledge of women farmers visible and increasing their prominence, while ensuring economic valuation of their work and access to the market through public policies aligned with the reality of animal production in agroecological family agriculture contexts.


RESUMO: Investigou-se a participação das mulheres nas práticas de criação animal em contextos de transição agroecológica, refletindo sobre os avanços e desafios na superação das desigualdades de gênero no meio rural. Realizaram-se entrevistas semiestruturadas e observação participante em nove propriedades de três municípios da Zona da Mata Mineira. As mulheres atuam na criação de diferentes espécies animais, participando do manejo, processamento e comercialização de produtos, contribuindo para diversificação dos alimentos, autoconsumo e geração de renda. A superação das desigualdades de gênero no contexto da agroecologia implica na visibilização do trabalho, conhecimento e protagonismo da agricultora, com a valorização econômica e acesso ao mercado através de políticas públicas coerentes com a realidade da produção animal na agricultura familiar agroecológica.

6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(2): 384-391, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002212

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To study the effect of penile constriction devices used on a large series of patients who presented at our emergency facility. We explored treatment options to prevent a wide range of vascular and mechanical injuries occurring due to penile entrapment. Materials and Methods: Between January 2001 and March 2016, 26 patients with penile entrapment were admitted to our facility and prospectively evaluated. Results: The time that elapsed from penile constrictor application to hospital admission varied from 10 hours to 6 weeks (mean: 22.8 hours). Non-metallic devices were used by 18 patients (66.6%) while the other nine (33.4%) had used metallic objects. Acute urinary retention was present in six (23%) patients, of whom four (66.6%) underwent percutaneous surgical cystotomy and two (33.4%) underwent simple bladder catheterization. The main reason for penile constrictor placement was erectile dysfunction, accounting for 15 (55.5%) cases. Autoerotic intention, psychiatric disorders, and sexual violence were responsible in five (18.5%), five (18.5%), and two (7.4%) cases, respectively. The mean hospital stay was 18 hours (range, 6 hours to 3 weeks). Conclusion: Penile strangulation treatment must be immediate through the extraction of the foreign body, avoiding vascular impairments that can lead to serious complications. Most patients present with low-grade injuries and use penile constrictors due to erectile dysfunction. Removal of constrictor device can be challenging. The use of specific tools for achieving penile release from constrictors is a fast, safe and effective method. Patients with urinary retention may require urinary diversion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Penile Diseases/etiology , Penis/injuries , Self-Injurious Behavior/therapy , Foreign Bodies/therapy , Penile Diseases/pathology , Penis/surgery , Penis/pathology , Sexual Behavior , Self-Injurious Behavior/surgery , Self-Injurious Behavior/complications , Constriction, Pathologic , Foreign Bodies/complications , Amputation , Middle Aged
7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(4): 800-804, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954074

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To report our institutional experience with penile refracture, including demographic data, recurrence time, etiology and operative findings in the first and second episodes. Materials and methods: Between January 1982 and September 2017, 281 patients underwent surgical treatment for penile fracture (PF) at our institution. Demographic data, clinical presentation, besides operative findings and follow-up of patients with relapsed PF were retrospectively assessed by reviewing medical records. Results: Of a total of 281 cases of PF operated at our institution, 3 (1.06%) patients experienced two episodes of trauma. Age ranged from 38 - 40 years (mean: 39.3). The recurrence time varied from 45 to 1560 days (mean: 705). Two patients presented the new fracture episode at the same site of the previous lesion, while in the other case the lesion was observed at another site. Conclusion: Recurrent FP is an extremely rare entity. The risk factors for its occurrence are still unknown. Although the lesion of the corpus cavernosum ipsilateral to the scar tissue of the prior FP is more common, contralateral rupture may be present. Nevertheless, prospective studies with larger samples should be conducted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Penis/injuries , Penis/surgery , Recurrence , Rupture/surgery , Rupture/etiology , Time Factors , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Rare Diseases
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(3): 550-554, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954056

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: Evaluate the demographic data, etiology, operative findings and results of surgical treatment of penile fracture (PF) in men who have sex with men(MSM) with emphasis on sexual complications. Materials and Methods: We studied 216 patients underwent surgical correction of PF at our hospital. Patients self-identified as MSM were followed for at least 6 months. Demographic data, presentation, operative findings, International Index of Erection Function - 5 (IIEF-5) and the Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool. Results: Of 216 PF cases, 4 (1.8%) were MSM. All cases resulted from sexual activity and all patients reported using the "doggy style" position during anal intercourse. Unilateral or bilateral injury of corpus cavernosum was found in 2 patients each. One (25%) patient had complete urethral injury associated with bilateral corpus cavernosum lesion. During the follow-up period, all patients developed some type of sexual complication. One patient reported penile pain during intercourse. Another patient experienced low sexual desire and premature ejaculation. This patient was also dissatisfied with the aesthetic result of the surgical scar and complained about decreased penis size after surgery. The third case developed delayed ejaculation. The fourth patient experienced mild to moderate erectile dysfunction. This same patient presented with penile curvature. Finally, palpable fibrotic nodules in the operative area were observed in all cases. Conclusions: Sexual activity in the "doggy style" position was the commonest cause of PF in MSM. Sexual dysfunction is always present in gay man after surgery for PF. However, additional studies with larger samples should be coinducted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Penis/injuries , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/etiology , Homosexuality, Male , Penis/physiopathology , Posture , Rupture/surgery , Rupture/complications , Rupture/physiopathology , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological , Penile Erection/physiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(4): 355-358, Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-895418

ABSTRACT

O potencial evocado visual (PEV) é técnica eletrodiagnóstica que permite avaliação das vias visuais. O PEV de 20 cães e 20 ovinos adultos, de ambos os sexos, foram obtidos para estudo normativo. Foram utilizados eletrodos de agulha monopolar posicionados em O1 e O2 (ativos), em Fpz (referência comum) e em Cz (terra). O estímulo foi na forma de flash a 1Hz. Dezessete cães e 17 ovinos foram incluídos no estudo, pois apresentaram potenciais auditivos com boa qualidade técnica. Os resultados da avaliação dos dois olhos foram agrupados, totalizando 34 exames em cada espécie. O achado mais consistente em todos os exames foi uma deflexão eletropositiva, com latência média de 55,4ms em cães (P55) e 63,75ms em ovinos (P63). Outras duas ondas eletronegativas também foram identificadas: N31 e N75 em cães; e N42 e N86 em ovinos. A metodologia utilizada neste estudo permitiu obtenção de potenciais visuais com pequena variabilidade, sendo útil para avaliação de animais com suspeita de alteração nas vias visuais centrais.(AU)


The visual evoked potential (VEP) is an electro-diagnostic technique that allows assessment of visual pathways. The VEP from 20 adult dogs and 20 adult sheep of both gender was obtained for normative study. Monopolar electrode needles were placed in O1 and O2 (active), Fpz (common reference) and Cz (ground). The stimuli were flash at 1Hz. Seventeen dogs and 17 sheep were included in the study because they had auditory potentials with good technical quality. The results from both eyes were grouped, totaling 34 results in each species. The most consistent result in all tests was an electropositive deflection, with a mean latency 55.4ms in dogs (P55) and 63.75ms in sheep (P63). Two negative deflections were also identified: N31 and N75 in dogs, and N42 and N86 in sheep. The methodology used in this study allowed to obtain potential similar to those described in other studies, with little variability, and is useful for evaluation of animals with suspected changes in the central visual pathways.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Sheep/physiology , Evoked Potentials, Visual/physiology , Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological/veterinary , Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological/veterinary
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(1): 73-79, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840797

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives The aim of this study is to report an unusual form of penile cancer presentation associated with myiasis infestation, treatment options and outcomes. Materials and Methods We studied 10 patients with suspected malignant neoplasm of the penis associated with genital myiasis infestation. Diagnostic assessment was conducted through clinical history, physical examination, penile biopsy, larvae identification and computerized tomography scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvis. Clinical and pathological staging was done according to 2002 TNM classification system. Radical inguinal lymphadenectomy was conducted according to the primary penile tumor pathology and clinical lymph nodes status. Results Patients age ranged from 41 to 77 years (mean=62.4). All patients presented squamous cell carcinoma of the penis in association with myiasis infestation caused by Psychoda albipennis. Tumor size ranged from 4cm to 12cm (mean=5.3). Circumcision was conducted in 1 (10%) patient, while penile partial penectomy was performed in 5 (50%). Total penectomy was conducted in 2 (20%) patients, while emasculation was the treatment option for 2 (20%). All patients underwent radical inguinal lymphadenectomy. Prophylactic lymphadenectomy was performed on 3 (30%) patients, therapeutic on 5 (50%), and palliative lymphadenectomy on 2 (20%) patients. Time elapsed from primary tumor treatment to radical inguinal lymphadenectomy was 2 to 6 weeks. The mean follow-up was 34.3 months. Conclusion The occurrence of myiasis in the genitalia is more common in patients with precarious hygienic practices and low socio-economic level. The treatment option varied according to the primary tumor presentation and clinical lymph node status.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Penile Neoplasms/parasitology , Penile Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/parasitology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Myiasis/complications , Myiasis/pathology , Penile Neoplasms/surgery , Socioeconomic Factors , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Hygiene , Prospective Studies , Tumor Burden , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Middle Aged , Myiasis/surgery , Neoplasm Staging
11.
J. bras. patol. med. lab ; 51(4): 212-217, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-759324

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACTIntroduction:Hemoglobin S (HbS) is one of the most common inherited hematological disorders in humans. In Brazil, the sickle-cell disease (SCD) has significant epidemiological importance due to its prevalence and the morbidity-mortality and, therefore, it has been identified as a matter of public health.Objective:To determine the prevalence of HbS among Asian Brazilian, Afro Brazilian, and Euro Brazilian individuals of a blood bank in Curitiba.Material and method:The study was conducted from January 2008 to December 2009, and included 83,213 donors seen at the Instituto Paranaense de Hemoterapia e Hematologia.Results and discussion:The prevalence of HbS in the studied population was 0.9%, among them, 0% Asian Brazilians, 2.7% Afro Brazilians, and 0.7% Euro Brazilians. There was a positive association, statistically significant for the sickle cell trait in Afro-descendants, with odds ratio (OR) 4.01; confidence interval (CI) 3.42-4.72; and 95% confidence.Conclusion:This study showed higher rates of sickle cell trait in Afro Brazilians, which corroborates data published in other Brazilian regions and states.


RESUMOIntrodução:A hemoglobina S (HbS) é uma das alterações hematológicas hereditárias de maior frequência na espécie humana. No Brasil, a anemia falciforme (AF) tem importância epidemiológica significativa em virtude da prevalência e da morbimortalidade que apresenta e por isso tem sido apontada como uma questão de saúde pública.Objetivo:Determinar a prevalência de HbS entre indivíduos de origem asiática, afro e euro-brasileira de um banco de sangue de Curitiba.Material e método:O estudo foi realizado no período de janeiro de 2008 a dezembro de 2009, no qual foram incluídos 83.213 doadores atendidos no Instituto Paranaense de Hemoterapia e Hematologia.Resultados e discussão:A prevalência geral de HbS na população estudada foi de 0,9%, sendo 0% entre asiático-brasileiros, 2,7% entre afro-brasileiros e 0,7% entre euro-brasileiros. Houve associação positiva, significativa estatisticamente, para o traço falcêmico nos afrodescendentes, com odds ratio (OR) de 4,01 e intervalo de confiança (IC) 3,42-4,72, com 95% de confiança.Conclusão:O presente trabalho demonstrou maiores índices de traço falcêmico em afro-brasileiros, o que corrobora dados publicados em outras regiões e estados brasileiros.

12.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 29(6): 1920-1931, nov./dec. 2013. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-948447

ABSTRACT

A seleção de genótipos mais adaptados às condições de estresses bióticos e abióticos aliados com características agronômicas favoráveis são fatores preponderantes para o sucesso no cultivo da cana-de-açúcar. Neste contexto objetivou-se avaliar a dinâmica de infestação de plantas daninhas e o comportamento de variedades de cana-deaçúcar em condições do semiárido norte mineiro. O experimento foi disposto em blocos casualizados, com quatro repetições e oito variedades de cana-de-açúcar: RB72454, RB867515, RB739735, RB835486, SP81-3250, IAC86-2480, SP80-1842 e RB855536. Nos levantamentos fitossociológicos realizados aos 30 e 150 dias após o plantio (DAP), foram identificadas 25 espécies daninhas distribuídas em 10 famílias, sendo as mais representativas com relação ao número de espécies a Poaceae (9), Fabaceae (4), Malvaceae (3) e Convolvulaceae (2). As principais espécies encontradas no primeiro levantamento foram: Sida rhombifolia, Aeschynomene denticulata, Sida sp., Ipomoea triloba e Senna obtusifolia. Aos 150 DAP as espécies S. rhombifolia, Brachiaria decumbens, Sida sp., Panicum maximum, Sida cordifolia e Brachiaria brizantha obtiveram os maiores IVI e IVC. A similaridade entre as épocas de avaliação foi de 41,86% o que indica baixa homogeneidade das espécies presentes no canavial entre as duas fases da cultura. Entre as variedades a similaridade das comunidades foi alta na primeira avaliação e baixa aos 150 DAP, o que indica influência das variedades cultivadas sobre as plantas daninhas presentes. A variedade de cana-de-açúcar com menor IVE apresentou a maior biomassa de plantas daninhas aos 150 DAP. Dentre as variedades de cana-de-açúcar avaliadas as mais produtivas foram RB72454, RB867515 e SP81-3250.


The selection of adapted genotypes to the conditions biotic and abiotic stresses allies by favorable agronomic characteristics are critical factors for success in the grown of sugarcane. In this context aimed to evaluate the infestation dynamics of weed and behavior of sugarcane varieties in conditions of semi-arid northern Minas Gerais. The experiment was arranged a randomized block design four replicates and sugarcane varieties: RB72454, RB867515, RB739735, RB835486, SP81-3250, IAC86-2480, SP80-1842 and RB855536. In phyto-sociology surveys conducted at 30 and 150 days after planting (DAP), were identified 25 weed species distributed in 10 families, the most representative with respect to the number of species Poaceae (9), Fabaceae (4), Malvaceae (3) and Convolvulaceae (2). The main species found in the first survey were: Sida rhombifolia, Aeschynomene denticulata, Sida sp., Ipomoea triloba and Senna obtusifolia. The highest IVI and IVC in the survey 150 DAP were found for the species Sida rhombifolia, Brachiaria decumbens, Sida sp., Panicum maximum, Brachiaria brizantha and Sida cordifolia. The similarity between the evaluation periods was 41.86% which indicates low homogeneity of the species present in the sugarcane fields between the two phases of culture. Among the varieties of communities similar was high at the first evaluation and low at 150 DAP, indicating influences of grow varieties on weeds. A variety of sugarcane with lower IVE had the highest weed biomass at 150 DAP. Among the varieties of cane sugar worked were the most productive RB72454, RB867515 and SP81-3250.


Subject(s)
Semi-Arid Zone , Saccharum , Plant Weeds
13.
Rev. colomb. cienc. pecu ; 25(3): 462-471, jul.-set. 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-656975

ABSTRACT

Proper nutrition is critical for the production of aquatic species, especially during their early stages, when animals are more susceptible to mismanagement and sudden environmental changes. Objective: the purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Spirulina platensis as a nutritional supplement for growth and coloration of red tilapia. Methods: tilapia were fed with commercial feed (D1: control); commercial feed + wet Spirulina platensis (D2); commercial feed + dry Spirulina platensis (D3); commercial feed + freshwater microalgae (D4). Results: D2 showed the best growth performance results. Survival rates of D1, D2 and D3 were higher than D4 (p<0.05). Masculinization and gastrointestinal rates were similar between treatments (p>0.05). The hepatosomatic index was similar between D1 and D4 (p>0.05) but lower than D2 and D3 (p<0.05). Yellow color intensity in D2 was moderate, whereas D3 was weak (Abs. 490 nm). Skin extracts of fish not consuming S. platensis showed very weak staining. Aquatic algae counts in D1 revealed that cyanobacterium (Microcystis genus) presented 95% dominance. Conclusions: fish fed with wet or dr y S. platensis, showed higher growth and staining than animals exposed to commercial feed alone or combined with freshwater microalgae. Marine microalgae proved effective in red tilapia. It is suggested to study the cost-benefit of cultivation and supply of S. platensis to fish, and to determine the economic benefits that this practice can bring to commercial farming.


No cultivo de espécies aquáticas, uma nutrição adequada assume importância fundamental no sucesso da atividade, principalmente nas fases iniciais de criação, período em que os animais estão mais susceptíveis ao manejo errôneo e mudanças bruscas do ambiente. Objetivo: o Objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a eficácia de Spirulina platensis como suplemento alimentar no crescimento e coloração de tilápia vermelha. Métodos: as tilápias foram cultivadas com ração comercial (D1: controle), ração comercial + Spirulina platensis úmida (D2), ração comercial + Spirulina platensis seca (D3) e ração comercial + microalgas de água doce (D4). Resultados: em relação ao desempenho zootécnico, D2 obteve os melhores resultados. As taxas de sobrevivência alcançadas nos tratamentos D1, D2 e D3, foram superiores as alcançadas no tratamento D4 (p<0.05). Os índices de masculinização e gastrointestinais foram estatisticamente similares para todos os tratamentos (p<0.05). Os índices hepatossomáticos encontrados em D1 e D4 foram estatisticamente semelhantes (p<0.05), porém, ambos apresentaram valores abaixo dos encontrados em D2 e D3 (p<0.05). A intensidade da cor amarela de D2, após a extração de pigmentos das peles dos peixes, apresentou-se moderada, enquanto em D3 a intensidade foi fraca (Abs 490 nm). Os extratos das peles dos peixes que não consumiram S. platensis, apresentaram coloração muito fraca. As contagens das microalgas presentes na água verde de D1, realizadas através de microscopia óptica, revelou que a cianobactéria do gênero Microcystis apresentou 95% dominância. Conclusões: os peixes alimentados com S. platensis, úmida ou seca, obtiveram desempenho superior e coloração mais forte que os animais expostos somente ao alimento artificial ou combinado com microalgas de água doce. A microalga marinha demonstrou ser um suplemento alimentar eficiente para tilápia vermelha. Sugerem-se estudos da relação custo-benefício do cultivo e oferta de S. platensis para os peixes, desta forma elucidando as vantagens econômicas que esta prática poderá trazer para a tilapicultura comercial.


En el cultivo de especies acuáticas, la nutrición adecuada es de importancia fundamental para el éxito de la actividad, especialmente durante las primeras etapas de la producción, período en que los animales son más susceptibles al mal manejo y a cambios ambientales repentinos. Objetivos: el propósito de este estudio fue evaluar la eficacia de la Spirulina platensis como suplemento alimenticio para el crecimiento y coloración de la tilapia roja. Métodos: las tilapias fueron cultivadas con alimento comercial (D1: control), alimento comercial + Spirulina platensis húmeda (D2); alimento comercial + Spirulina platensis seca (D3); alimento comercial + microalgas de agua dulce (D4). Resultados: en relación con el desempeño zootécnico, D2 mostró los mejores resultados. Las tasas de supervivencia de D1, D2 y D3 fueron mayores que D4 (p< 0.05). Los índices de masculinización y gastrointestinal fueron similares entre los tratamientos (p> 0.05). El índice hepato-somático fue similar entre D1 y D4 (p>0.05), pero menor que D2 y D3 (p<0.05). La intensidad del color amarillo en D2 fue moderada, mientras que en D3 fue débil (Abs 490nm). Los extractos de piel de peces que no consumieron S. platensis mostraron coloración muy débil. Los recuentos de microalgas acuáticas en D1 revelaron que la cianobacteria (género Microcystis) presentó 95% de dominancia. Conclusiones: los peces alimentados con S. platensis, húmeda o seca, presentaron mayor crecimiento y coloración que los animales expuestos a alimentos artificiales solos o combinados con microalgas de agua dulce. Las microalgas marinas demostraron ser eficaces en tilapia roja. Se sugiere realizar estudios sobre la relación costo-beneficio del cultivo y oferta de S. platensis para peces, y determinar las ventajas económicas que esta práctica puede traer a la piscicultura comercial.

14.
Rev. bras. entomol ; 56(3): 377-380, July-Sept. 2012. mapas, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-651766

ABSTRACT

Sarcophagidae and Calliphoridae related to Rhinella schneideri (Anura, Bufonidae), Bothrops moojeni (Reptilia, Serpentes) and Mabuya frenata (Reptilia, Lacertilia) carcasses in Brasília, Brazil. This paper presents a list of necrophagous insects associated with small size carrions of two reptiles and one amphibian, found in areas of riparian forests and Cerrado sensu stricto physiognomies in a Conservation Unit located in Brasilia, Distrito Federal. We found seven species of insects related to these carcasses, being five Sarcophagidae, one Calliphoridae and one Braconidae parasitoid wasp. Lucilia eximia and Peckia (Pattonella) intermutans were the most abundant species in the study, corroborating with other studies that suggests that these species have specializations for colonization of small size animal carcasses.


Sarcophagidae e Calliphoridae associados às carcaças de Rhinella schneideri (Anura, Bufonidae), Bothrops moojeni (Reptilia, Serpentes) e Mabuya frenata (Reptilia, Lacertilia) em Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brasil. Este trabalho apresenta uma lista de insetos decompositores associados a carcaças de pequeno porte de dois répteis e de um anfíbio, encontrados em áreas de matas de galeria e de cerrado sensu stricto em unidades de conservação do Distrito Federal. Foram encontradas sete espécies de insetos associados a essas carcaças, sendo cinco sarcofagídeos, um califorídeo e uma vespa parasitóide Braconidae. Lucilia eximia e Peckia (Pattonella) intermutans foram as espécies mais abundantes, corroborando com outros estudos que sugerem que estas espécies apresentam especializações para a colonização de carcaças menores.

15.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 70(2): 114-117, mar.-abr. 2011. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-586711

ABSTRACT

A iridociclite heterocrômica de Fuchs ou Síndrome de Fuchs é um tipo de uveíte relativamente incomum. Afeta igualmente ambos os sexos, na faixa etária dos 20-45 anos, tendo no quadro clássico uma inflamação não granulomatosa crônica unilateral na úvea anterior, de início insidioso, baixo grau de atividade, e não sendo responsiva aos corticóides. Normalmente tem um bom prognóstico, exceto quando ocorre o desenvolvimento de catarata e glaucoma, patologias que podem estar associadas à síndrome. Nesse caso, temos um paciente masculino, de 68 anos, que teve como primeira manifestação da síndrome o glaucoma.


Fuchs' heterochromic iridocyclits or Fuchs' Syndrome is a kind of uveitides relatively uncommon. Affect equally both genders, between 20-45 years old, in the classic features include a chronic unilateral nongranulomatous inflammation in anterior uvea, insidious onset, low-grade in activity, and unresponsive to corticosteroid therapy. Usually has a good prognosis, except for the development of cataract and glaucoma, pathologies associated with syndrome. In this case, there are a male pacient, 68 years, with glaucoma as the first manifestation of the Fuchs'Syndrome.

16.
Rev. saúde pública ; 43(6): 991-997, dez. 2009. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-535295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the monounsaturated and polyunsaturated trans fatty acid intake among the general population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil, in 2003, on a representative sample of 2,298 male and female subjects, including 803 adolescents (12 to 19 years), 713 adults (20 to 59 years) and 782 elderly people (60 years or over). Food intake was measured using 24-hour recall. Mean trans fatty acid intake was described according to gender and age group. RESULTS: The mean trans fatty acid intake was 5.0 g/day (SE = 0.1), accounting for 2.4 percent (SE = 0.1) of total energy and 6.8 percent (SE = 0.1) of total lipids. The adolescents had the highest mean intake levels (7.4 g/day; 2.9 percent of energy) while the adults and the elderly had similar intake (2.2 percent of energy for both; 6.4 percent of lipids and 6.5 percent of lipids, respectively). The mean trans fatty acid intake among adult and elderly women (approximately 2.5 percent of energy and 7.0 percent of lipids) was higher than among men in the same age group. The food item with the highest contribution towards trans fatty acids was margarine, accounting for more than 30 percent of total intake, followed by filled cookies among adolescents and meat among adults and the elderly. CONCLUSIONS: The trans fatty acid intake is above the level recommended by the World Health Organization. Replacement of the trans fatty acids in manufactured food items may be an effective measure for reducing trans fatty acid intake in Brazil.


OBJETIVO: Analisar o consumo de ácidos graxos monoinsaturados e poliinsaturados de configuração trans na população geral. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal realizado em São Paulo, SP, 2003, com amostra representativa de 2.298 indivíduos, sendo 803 adolescentes (12 a 19 anos), 713 adultos (20 a 59 anos) e 782 idosos (60 anos ou mais), de ambos os sexos. O consumo alimentar foi medido por meio do recordatório alimentar de 24 horas. Os valores médios de ingestão de ácidos graxos trans foram descritos segundo sexo e faixa etária. RESULTADOS: O consumo médio de ácidos graxos trans foi de 5,0g/dia (EP=0,1), correspondendo a 2,4 por cento (EP=0,1) do total calórico e 6,8 por cento (EP=0,1) do total de lipídios. Os adolescentes apresentaram as maiores médias de ingestão (7,4g/dia e 2,9 por cento energia), enquanto os adultos e idosos registraram ingestão semelhante (2,2 por cento energia; 6,4 por cento lipídios e 6,5 por cento lipídios, respectivamente). As médias de consumo de ácidos graxos trans entre mulheres adultas e idosas (aproximadamente 2,5 por cento energia e 7,0 por cento lipídios) foram maiores que as médias dos homens de mesma faixa etária. O alimento de maior contribuição para o consumo de ácidos graxos trans foi a margarina, representando mais de 30 por cento do total ingerido, seguido do biscoito recheado para os adolescentes e da carne bovina para os adultos e idosos. CONCLUSÕES: O consumo de ácidos graxos trans encontra-se acima do preconizado pela Organização Mundial da Saúde. A substituição dos ácidos graxos trans dos alimentos industrializados pode ser uma medida eficaz para a redução do consumo desse tipo de gordura no Brasil.


OBJETIVO: Analizar el consumo de ácidos grasos moninsaturados y polinsaturados de configuración trans en la población general. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal realizado en Sao Paulo, Sureste de Brasil, 2003, con muestra representativa de 2.298 individuos, siendo 803 adolescentes (12 a 19 años), 713 adultos (20 a 59 años) y 782 ancianos (60 años o más), de ambos sexos. El consumo alimentario fue medido por medio del recordatorio alimentario de 24 horas. Los valores promedios de ingestión de ácidos grasos trans fueron descrito según sexo y grupo etario. RESULTADOS: El consumo promedio de ácidos grasos trans fue de 5,0 g/día (EP=0,1), correspondiendo a 2,4 por ciento (EP=0,1) del total calórico y 6,8 por ciento (EP=0,1) del total de lípidos. Los adolescentes presentaron los mayores promedios de ingestión (7,4g/día y 2,9 por ciento energía), mientras que los adultos y ancianos registraron ingestión semejante (2,2 por ciento energía; 6,4 por ciento lípidos y 6,5 por ciento lípidos, respectivamente). Los promedios de consumo de ácidos grasos trans entre mujeres adultas y ancianas (aproximadamente 2,5 por ciento energía y 7,0 por ciento lípidos) fueron mayores que los promedios de los hombres del mismo grupo etario. El alimento de mayor contribución para el consumo de ácidos grasos trans fue la margarina, representando más de 30 por ciento del total ingerido, seguido de la galleta rellena para los adolescentes y de la carne bovina para los adultos y ancianos. CONCLUSIONES: El consumo de ácidos grasos trans se encuentra por encima del preestablecido por la Organización Mundial de la Salud. La sustitución de los ácidos grasos trans de los alimentos industrializados puede ser una medida eficaz para la reducción del consumo de este tipo de grasa en Brasil.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Energy Intake/physiology , Trans Fatty Acids/administration & dosage , Age Distribution , Brazil , Epidemiologic Methods , Margarine , Sex Distribution , Young Adult
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 34(4): 413-421, July-Aug. 2008. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-493661

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer and concomitant upper urinary tract tumors may be candidates for simultaneous cystectomy and nephroureterectomy. Other clinical conditions such as dialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease and non-functioning kidney are also indications for simultaneous removal of the bladder and kidney. In the present study, we report our laparoscopic experience with simultaneous laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) and nephroureterectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between August 2000 and June 2007, 8 patients underwent simultaneous laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy (LNU) (unilateral-6, bilateral-2) and radical cystectomy at our institution. Demographic data, pathologic features, surgical technique and outcomes were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The laparoscopic approach was technically successful in all 8 cases (7 males and 1 female) without the need for open conversion. Median total operative time, including LNU, LRC, pelvic lymphadenectomy and urinary diversion, was 9 hours (range 8-12). Median estimated blood loss and hospital stay were 755 mL (range 300-2000) and 7.5 days (range 4-90), respectively. There were no intraoperative complications but only 1 major and 2 minor postoperative complications. The overall and cancer specific survival rates were 37.5 percent and 87.5 percent respectively at a median follow-up of 9 months (range 1-45). CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic nephroureterectomy with concomitant cystectomy is technically feasible. Greater number of patients with a longer follow-up is required to confirm our results.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/surgery , Cystectomy/methods , Nephrectomy/methods , Urologic Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Survival Analysis , Treatment Outcome
18.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 34(3): 259-269, May-June 2008. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-489584

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: To review the current status of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) and robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RALP) in relation to radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) in the management of localized prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1982 and 2007 published literature was reviewed using the National Library of Medicine database and the following key words: retropubic, laparoscopic, robotic, robot-assisted, and radical prostatectomy. Special emphasis was given to the technical and cost considerations as well as operative, functional and oncologic outcomes. In particular, reports with pioneering work that have contributed to the evolution of the technique, presenting comparative outcomes and with large series encompassing intermediate/long term follow-up, were taken into account. RESULTS: After intermediate term follow-up, LRP and RALP achieved similar oncologic and functional results compared to RRP. However, LRP and RALP were associated with decreased blood loss, faster convalescence and better cosmetics when compared to RRP. The RALP technique is undoubtedly more expensive. CONCLUSIONS: The oncologic and functional outcomes for LRP and RALP are similar to RRP after intermediate term follow-up. Long term follow-up and adequately designed studies will determine the inherent advantages and disadvantages of the individual techniques in the management of localized prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Laparoscopy/methods , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Robotics , Follow-Up Studies , Postoperative Complications , Prostatectomy/economics , Surgery, Computer-Assisted/methods , Treatment Outcome
19.
Rev. bras. entomol ; 52(4): 606-609, 2008. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-504861

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho apresenta uma lista de dípteros sarcofagídeos adultos coletados em carcaça de porco Sus scrofa, em área de Cerrado, Distrito Federal, Brasil, sendo um estudo sobre a composição da fauna de Diptera na região. O trabalho de campo acompanhou o processo de decomposição da carcaça e foi realizado durante 45 dias. A partir de 4.626 indivíduos coletados foram identificadas 28 espécies, sendo 16 novos registros para a região estudada.


This work presents a list of adult flesh flies collected from a pig carrion Sus scrofa, in a Cerrado area of Distrito Federal, Brazil, being a study on the composition of the dipteran fauna in the region. The field work followed the decay of the carrion and was conduced for 45 days. From 4,626 collected flesh flies, 28 species were identified, consisting in 16 new records for this region.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diptera , Entomology , Forensic Sciences , Swine
20.
São Paulo; s.n; 2008. 86 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-500936

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A transição nutricional, caracterizada por mudanças no estilo de vida e no hábito alimentar, tais como maior consumo de alimentos industrializados, alimentação fora de casa e substituição de refeições por lanches, tem sido observada tanto no âmbito nacional como mundial. Em paralelo, a incidência de doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis (DCNT) associada ao alto consumo de alimentos com elevado teor de energia, açúcares, gorduras e sódio tem se elevado tanto em países desenvolvidos quanto nos países em desenvolvimento. Objetivos: Avaliar a freqüência e os fatores associados ao consumo de alimentos industrializados por adultos e idosos residentes no Município de São Paulo, bem como sua contribuição nutricional. Metodologia: Estudo transversal de base populacional de uma amostra de 1.530 indivíduos de ambos os sexos, sendo 728 adultos e 802 idosos, realizado em 2003. Foram tomadas amostras probabilísticas em dois estágios, setor censitário e domicílio, do Município de São Paulo. As características da população de estudo foram obtidas através de questionário e o consumo alimentar pelo método Recordatório de 24 horas. Os alimentos industrializados selecionados foram os consumidos por, no mínimo, 5da população de estudo e classificados em oito grupos (1 - Manteiga e margarina / 2 - Embutidos, hambúrguer e nuggets / 3 - Refrigerantes e refrescos / 4 - Queijos gordos e creme de leite / 5 - Doces diversos / 6 - Biscoitos doces e salgados sem recheio / 7 - Biscoitos e(Continuação) (62), dos Refrigerantes e refrescos (48 por cento) e dos Embutidos, hambúrguer e nuggets (41 por cento). Os produtos apresentaram ainda contribuição elevada para a ingestão diária total de açúcares adicionados (66), gorduras totais (33 por cento), saturadas (37 por cento) e trans (56 por cento), colesterol (25) e sódio (24 por cento). Dos fatores que se associaram ao consumo de alimentos industrializados, destaca-se associação direta com o nível socioeconômico e inversa com a faixa...


Subject(s)
Diet , Eating , Nutritional Sciences , Nutritive Value
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