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1.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-205616

ABSTRACT

Background: Radiation-induced oral mucositis (RIOM) is one of the major dose-limiting toxicities in head-and-neck cancer patients. It is due to normal tissue damage by radiation. It is a potential hazard to treatment delivery as it threatens to alter the therapeutic ratio. The radiation oncologist must find a way to balance between tumor control and sparing of normal mucosa to validate the age-old principle of cancer treatment. The onus lies on them to find the contributory factors to curb them accordingly. Objective: The objective of the study was as follows: (1) To find out the factors associated with RIOM in head-neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) and (2) to assess the impact of the RIOM on treatment outcome. Materials and Methods: This was a single-institutional, prospective, non-randomized, and open-label study. All cases were treated after informed consent and tumor board approval. This was an observational study with standard treatment according to the stage of the disease. Results: Tumor site, poor oral hygiene, modality of radiation, addiction, and fractionation appeared to be the significant predictive factors of RIOM in HNSCC. Conclusion: This study helps to identify the contributory factors and gives a comprehensive understanding of the same. More multi-institutional subsite-specific studies are warranted to validate the same.

2.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-196128

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Obesity-mediated chronic inflammatory state is primarily governed by lifestyle and food habits in adolescents and marked by alterations in the level of various inflammatory markers. This cross-sectional study was aimed to compare the inflammatory status of healthy Indian adolescents vis-�-vis their obesity profile. The inflammatory state of urban adolescents attending private and government-funded schools, and the relationship between inflammatory marker levels and anthropometric indices in the study participants from both groups were examined. Methods: A total of 4438 study participants (10-17 yr) were chosen from various schools of Delhi, India, and their anthropometric parameters were measured. Plasma adipocytokines (adiponectin, leptin and resistin) of the study participants were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were assayed by a biochemical analyzer. Metabolic syndrome-related risk factors such as waist circumference, hip circumference (HC), fasting glucose, fasting insulin, Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and triglycerides of normal-weight adolescents were also evaluated. Results: The level of leptin and CRP increased with increasing adiposity, whereas adiponectin levels were found to be negatively related to obesity. All plasma cytokine levels (adiponectin, leptin and resistin) were significantly elevated in female than male adolescents. Age-based classification revealed a distinct trend of variability in the levels of all the inflammatory markers among adolescents of varying age groups. Significant differences were observed between private and government schoolgoing adolescents in terms of anthropometric and inflammatory parameters, with higher adiposity indices in the former group. The relationship of plasma adipokine and CRP levels with various adiposity indices was found to be distinctly different between private and government schoolgoing students. Interpretation & conclusions: Inflammatory markers were significantly elevated in overweight/obese adolescents. The socio-economic condition of urban Indian schoolgoing adolescents reflecting lifestyle transition has profound effects on their adiposity indices and inflammatory states. Longitudinal studies in different regions of the country need to be done to further confirm the findings.

4.
Indian J Cancer ; 2016 Jan-Mar; 53(1): 56-59
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-176780

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To explore alternate modality of treatment in patients of advanced cancer cervix by neo‑adjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by External Beam Radiotherapy (ERT) and Brachytherapy (BT). Short‑ (6 months) and long‑ (12 months) term follow‑up data from these patients were compared with the retrospective data from an urban cancer centre, where standard protocol of concurrent chemo‑radiotherapy is practiced. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred patients of advanced cervical cancer, treated at our rural cancer centre between January 2007 and December 2007, were included in the study arm (Group A). These patients received three cycles of neo‑adjuvant chemotherapy with Cisplatin, Bleomycin, and Vincristine before External‑Beam Radiotherapy (EBT) followed by brachytherapy. Patients in the control arm (Group B) of an urban cancer centre, received EBT with weekly concomitant Cisplatin, followed by brachytherapy. Short‑ (6 months) and long‑ (12 months) term follow‑up data from our patients were compared with the retrospective data from the urban cancer centre. RESULTS AND ANALYSIS: Complete response rate was comparatively higher among patients of Group A, also correspondingly proportion of patients showing progressive disease and stable disease was lower among them. Local treatment failure was 87.5% among patients from Group A and 94.4% in Group B patients. Concomitant chemoradiation (CRT) was associated with more GI toxicities. CONCLUSION: Our result suggests NACT arm is as effective as CRT arm in respect of complete response with less pelvic failure and G.I toxicities. Further follow‑up data are needed before arriving at a definite conclusion.

5.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-158404

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Recent data suggest that insulin resistance can predict cardiovascular disease independently of the other risk factors, such as hypertension, visceral obesity or dyslipidaemia. However, the majority of available methods to evaluate insulin resistance are complicated to operate, expensive, and time consuming. This study was undertaken to assess whether serum lipoprotein ratios could predict insulin resistance in non-diabetic acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. Methods: Ninety non-diabetic patients with impaired fasting glucose admitted with a diagnosis of ACS were included in the study. At the time of admission fasting glucose and insulin concentrations were measured. The homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was used for insulin resistance. The fasting serum total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were checked, and then TC/HDL-C and TG/HDL-C ratios were calculated. The areas under the curves (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to compare the power of these serum lipoprotein ratios as markers. Results: Lipoprotein ratios were significantly higher in patients with HOMA-IR index > 2.5 as compared to patients with index <2.5 (P < 0.05). Both TG/HDL-C and TC/HDL-C ratios were significantly correlated with HOMA-IR (P<0.05). The area under the ROC curve of the TG/HDL-C and TC/HDL-C ratio for predicting insulin resistance was 0.80 (95% CI, 0.67 to 0.93), 0.78 (95% CI, 0.65 to 0.91), respectively. Interpretation & conclusions: The findings of this study demonstrate that serum lipoprotein ratios can provide a simple means of identifying insulin resistance and can be used as markers of insulin resistance and cardiovascular diseases risk in adult non-diabetic patients.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , Biomarkers , Blood Glucose/analysis , Blood Glucose/blood , Female , Humans , India , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Lipoproteins/analysis , Lipoproteins/blood , Lipoproteins, HDL/analysis , Lipoproteins, HDL/blood , Male , Middle Aged , Triglycerides/analysis , Triglycerides/blood
6.
IJM-Iranian Journal of Microbiology. 2012; 4 (3): 150-152
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-149175

ABSTRACT

Bloodstream infections with Salmonella typhi, is uncommon in human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]-infected persons. The symptoms in such patients are often non-specific and have a rather insidious onset and progression. We report a patient with sepsis and lower limb gangrene due to Salmonella typhi infection in an HIV-infected patient.

7.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2010 Jan-Mar; 53(1): 101-105
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-141600

ABSTRACT

Context: The indicators of poor prognosis in cases of extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) continue to remain controversial. Aims: To correlate the histopathological findings of wedge biopsy from liver and tissue obtained from the shaving at the porta hepatis, during hepatic portoenterostomy, with the clinical outcome. Materials and Methods: All cases of EHBA surgically treated in our hospital from 1995 to 2006 have been reviewed. Wedge biopsies of the liver and biopsies from the porta hepatis were analyzed with hemotoxylin-eosin stains and immunohistochemistry. The parameters correlated with clinical outcomes were - presence of large bile ducts ( > 150μm diameter) in the portal tissue plaque, degree of fibrosis (semi-quantitative; graded as mild, moderate and severe), presence of ductal plate malformation (DPM) and age at operation. Results: The proportions of patients with small or large ductal diameter who remained clinically controlled (serum bilirubin < 1.5mg/dl with no evidence of end stage liver failure) were 39% and 66.6% respectively (P=0.44). There was a highly significant correlation between the extent of fibrosis and clinical outcome. Mild, moderate and severe fibrosis resulted in clinical control rates of 78.5%, 34.4% and 24% respectively (P=0.001). Ductal plate malformation was seen in 15% of our cases and was uniformly associated with poor outcome. A non-significant trend towards poorer outcome was seen with increasing age at surgery. Conclusions: Histopathological correl ations with clinical outcome in EHBA have been rarely reported from the Indian subcontinent. A greater degree of fibrosis at the time of hepatic portoenterostomy and presence of ductal plate malformation is associated with a significantly poorer clinical outcome.

8.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2009 Jul-Sept; 52(3): 414-416
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-141499

ABSTRACT

Glomus tumor is a rare perivascular benign tumor arising from the Sucquet-Hoyer canal of the normal glomus body, most commonly in the digital areas. We report a serving soldier with such a tumor in an atypical site, the perianal region, presenting with episodic shooting pain. Total surgical excision was performed. Histopathology revealed a well-circumscribed tumor composed of clusters of monotonous polygonal cells surrounding capillary-sized blood vessels. Tumor cells also showed immunopositivity for smooth muscle antigen and vimentin. Following excision, the patient was completely relieved of pain and there was no recurrence on follow-up for 6 months.

10.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-63899

ABSTRACT

Fibrosing cholestatic hepatitis (FCH) is a severe and progressive form of liver dysfunction seen in organ transplant recipients and immunosuppressed patients; it is usually associated with hepatitis B virus infection. We report 36-year-old man, a renal transplant recipient, also developed FCH with hepatitis C virus infection and succumbed to it.


Subject(s)
Adult , Fatal Outcome , Hepatitis C/complications , Hepatitis C Antibodies/blood , Humans , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Male
11.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 2006 Nov; 104(11): 622-4, 626
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-98067

ABSTRACT

Subclinical hypothyroidism is characterised by elevated serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) concentrations in association with normal free thyroid hormones. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence and pattern of serum lipid alterations in patients with stable subclinical hypothyroidism in comparison to age- as well as sex-matched euthyroid group and also subgroup analysis between them in regard to age of presentation, sex, antithyroperoxidase (anti TPO) positivity, and TSH value. In this study, 100 patients of SCH were recruited, age ranged 17-68 years, majority (78%) being females, presenting mainly with non-specific symptoms and compared with 52 euthyroid control regarding lipid parameters. Of the subclinical hypothyroidism patients, only 10% had goitre and anti TPO was positive in 52% cases. Serum lipoprotein (a) above the age of 20 years, and total cholesterol, triglyceride and low density liporpotein cholesterol in the age group of 40-50 years were significantly elevated. In addition, total cholesterol, triglyceride and low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in anti TPO positive cases and serum triglyceride and low density lipoprotein cholesterol in anti TPO negative patients showed statistically significant higher levels. In males only lipoprotein (a), but in females total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol and liproprotein (a)--all were significantly elevated.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Case-Control Studies , Comorbidity , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hypothyroidism/complications , India/epidemiology , Lipids/blood , Lipoprotein(a)/blood , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Thyrotropin/blood
12.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 2006 Jun; 104(6): 325-6, 330
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-99789

ABSTRACT

Stroke is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality all over the world. Carotid plaque formation and intima media thickness can be a predictor of ischaemic stroke. In this regard studies from our country, are few and far between. This is a small hospital-based study to look in to this matter. We have assessed the intima media thickness of the common carotid as well as the internal and external carotid arteries by the ultrasound method. The lipid profiles were estimated and correlated with the intima media thickness. Results indicate that in the common as well as in the internal and external carotid arteries, the intima media thickness is a good predictor of ischaemic stroke. This thickness is also well correlated with the lipid levels in blood. Hence this non-invasive method can be used successfully to identify the high risk patients, prone to develop stroke.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brain Ischemia/diagnosis , Carotid Arteries/physiopathology , Constriction, Pathologic/diagnostic imaging , Female , Hospitals, University , Humans , India , Lipids/blood , Male , Middle Aged , Pilot Projects , Prognosis , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Stroke/diagnosis , Ultrasonography, Doppler
13.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 2005 Nov; 103(11): 586, 588
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-99316

ABSTRACT

Stroke represents a major health burden in our country. Ischaemic stroke has got several risk factors associated with increased chance of atherosclerosis. A small hospital-based study was done to look into the risk factors associated with ischaemic stroke. Forty patients with CT-confirmed cerebral infarction were taken for the study and detailed history and clinical findings were obtained. Investigations like complete haemogram, fasting blood glucose, urea, creatinine, lipid profile, serum Lp(a), homocysteine, fibrinogen, ECG, chest x-ray, echocardiography, MRI/MRA where indicated, were done to identify the risk factors as well. Results indicated that hypertension was the most prevalent (87.5%) risk factor followed by ischaemic heart disease (35%) and diabetes. Dyslipidaemia was also found in a significant number of cases, mostly elevated LDL, low HDL and elevated Lp(a). Fibrinogen and homocysteine were of less significance.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Brain Ischemia/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyslipidemias , Female , Hospitals, Teaching , Humans , Hypertension , India/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Pilot Projects , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Stroke/diagnosis
14.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 2005 Sep; 103(9): 469-70, 472
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-103513

ABSTRACT

Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is charaterised by arterial hypoxaemia found mainly in association with chronic liver disease (most commonly cirrhosis of liver) but also rarely with acute liver diseases like fulminant hepatic failure or Budd-Chiari syndrome. The purpose of this article is to present an uncommon but grave complication mostly associated with cirrhosis of liver and to differentiate this entry from cyanotic heart diseases or certain lung conditions. Investigations include history and physical examination, certain biochemical tests, upper gastro-intestinal (GI) endoscopy, abdominal ultrasonography, liver biopsy and venacavography in appropriate cases. Finally, the suspected cases underwent arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis and contrast enhanced echocardiography (CEE) for confirmation of the diagnosis of HPS. Of the 123 cases of cirrhosis of liver, three cases of HPS (2.4%) were found-all of them being males. Also one male patient with inferior vena cava (IVC) obstruction amongst other causes presenting with HPS was encountered. As of now, no medical treatment has been proved to be useful and liver transplant remains the only hope for this disorder.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Chronic Disease , Female , Hepatopulmonary Syndrome/diagnosis , Hospitals, University , Humans , India , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis
15.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 2005 Aug; 103(8): 418, 420
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-105432

ABSTRACT

In a placebo controlled trialthe lipid lowering effects of chitosan, a unique dietary fibre, was assessed when given along with atorvastatin 10 mg in patients with chronic coronary heart disease. Altogether 100 patients were studied. They were randomly allocated in two groups of 50 patients each. Patients of group A received atorvastatin 10 mg before dinner plus 2 g/day chitosan in two divided doses. The groupB patients received atorvastatin 10 mg plus placebo. Patients were followed up for a period of 6 weeks. There was significant reduction in mean body weight in group A patients (3.14% versus 1,29% of body weight, p<0.05). There was also a significant rise in HDL cholesterol value (3.8% versus 1.07%, p=0.02) in group A patients. However, there was no significant reduction in the mean values of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglyceride in the two groups, although group A patients showed marginally lower values.


Subject(s)
Anticholesteremic Agents/therapeutic use , Chitosan/therapeutic use , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Drug Therapy, Combination , Heptanoic Acids/therapeutic use , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Lipids/blood , Pyrroles/therapeutic use
16.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 2005 Jul; 103(7): 374-5, 382
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-103675

ABSTRACT

Diabetes is becoming a serious threat to combat felt among the doctors of the world. India, in partcular is a vulnerable country contributing maximum number of cases to the global diabetic pool. Macro-and microvascular complications are important causes of mortality and morbidity. Micro-albuminuria is a surrogate marker for detetion of vasculopathy for which early detection and aggressive treatment can reduce mortality and morbidity. A small study was conducted to identify the usefulness of this marker in our setting which can be used as a cost-effective tool for detecting the dreadful complication early. This study has demonstrated that in presence of micro-albuminuria the vascular complications of diabetes definitely increase and it is more relevant in cases of type 2 diabetes irrespective of other parameters rendering it to be a independent risk factor. It also indicates that presence of this marker along with vasculopathy is time dependent ie, more the duration of the disease more is the complication.


Subject(s)
Adult , Albuminuria/diagnosis , Diabetic Angiopathies/complications , Female , Humans , Male , Risk Factors
17.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 2005 Apr; 103(4): 234-6
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-98355

ABSTRACT

In view of the global epidemic of diabetes with India being the hottest reservoir of the disease, it was tried to identify carotid intima media thickness as a surrogate marker for atherosclerosis in diabetic subjects. The study becomes more relevant because diabetes is now considered a disease of the endothelium and a risk equivalent of coronary atherosclerosis (paradigm shift). The study incorporated 41 normotensive patients of diabetes and 31 age and sex matched controls. Plasma glucose and lipid profiles were assessed in all and the carotid intima media thickness was measured. Results were statistically analysed for significance and correlation coefficient between values of plasma glucose and carotid intima media thickness. Results clearly showed that carotid intima media thickness abnormality can pick up atherosclerosis even if the lipid parameters are nearly normal. So it crystallises from this small study that, as a non-invasive test carotid intima media thickness is a better and early predictor of atherosclerosis in diabetic subjects. It also revealed the linear relationship between both fasting and postprandial blood sugar with carotid intima media thickness.


Subject(s)
Arteriosclerosis/pathology , Carotid Arteries/pathology , Case-Control Studies , Diabetes Complications/pathology , Female , Humans , Lipids/blood , Male , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Assessment , Tunica Intima/pathology , Tunica Media/pathology
18.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 2005 Mar; 103(3): 184, 186
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-99697

ABSTRACT

Diabetic gastroparesis is a long term complication of diabetes mellitus which could basically be defined as dysregulated gastric emptying leading to various pathological, biochemical and clinical changes in absence of any structural changes. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, bloating, epigastric pain, anorexia, weight loss and so on. For symptomatic gastroparesis prokinetic drugs like metoclopramide, domperidone, cisapride, erythromycin and itcopride are used. Itopride is currently emerging as a prokinetic drug of choice. There is also scope of surgery.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Complications/diagnosis , Dopamine Antagonists/therapeutic use , Gastrointestinal Agents/therapeutic use , Gastroparesis/diagnosis , Humans , Serotonin Receptor Agonists/therapeutic use
19.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 2004 Oct; 102(10): 568, 570, 584 passim
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-96064

ABSTRACT

To assess the predictive ability of Framingham's risk score in primary prevention in our population, 252 cases and 212 age and sex matched controls were taken up for study. Those patients, who were presenting for the first time with acute coronarysyndrome (ACS) and who did not have any prior manifestations of coronary artery disease (CAD) and whose medical records were available formed the patient group. Framingham's risk score was calculated and the corresponding 10 years risk was assessed in each of them. The patients and controls were divided into two groups--diabetic and non-diabetic. Depending on the 10 years risk, they were further grouped into high risk (10 years risk > 20%), moderately high risk (10 years risk 10 to 20%) and low risk (10 years risk less than 10%). Results were compared and statistically analysed. In the diabetic patients with ACS 14% would have qualified as high risk, 33% as moderately high risk and 53% as low risk whereas in diabetic patients without any manifestation of CAD the distribution was 4% in the high risk, 54% in the moderately high risk and 42% in the low risk. In the non-diabetic subjects, amongst the patients of ACS, 20% would have been in high risk, 39% in moderately high risk and 41% in the low risk. The corresponding figures in the non-diabetic control subjects were 10% in high risk, 22% in the moderately high risk and 68% in the low risk. In the non-diabetic subjects, the mean risk was significantly more in patients than in controls (14.15% versus 8.61%, p <0.01). However, in the diabetic patients there was no significant difference in the mean projected risk between patients with ACS and patients without any manifestation of CAD (11.37% versus 10.41%, p>0.05).


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Aged , Case-Control Studies , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Disease/complications , Diabetes Complications , Female , Humans , India , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
20.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 2004 Oct; 102(10): 551-3
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-100886

ABSTRACT

Though there are extensive data on diabetic retinopathy, neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease, there are not enough data on diabetic stroke. Present study was carried out to evaluate distinctive feature of diabetic and non-diabetic stroke and to compare early mortality between two groups. Four hundred and fifty consecutive stroke cases categorised into group I of 171 known diabetic and 279 non-diabetics. Reactive hyperglycaemia seen in cases with HbA1c below 7.0% were put into group II. Patients were evaluated clinically. Evidence of peripheral vascular disease, retinopathy and other target organ damage were assessed. Glycaemic parameters monitored include fasting plasma glucose (FPG), random plasma glucose (RPG) and HbA1c. Total serum cholesterol was taken as the main risk factor in both groups though lipid profile was done in all cases. CT scan was done in all cases and a repeat one when needed. Out of 450 cases 171 were diabetic and 279 cases were non-diabetic. There was female preponderance in diabetic. Average age of diabetic stroke was lower than non-diabetic, 51.2 years as against 67 years. History of previous stroke was higher in diabetic (15.8%) than non-diabetic (5.7%). There was higher incidence of transient ischaemic attack in diabetic (22.8%) than non-diabetic (7.5%), which was highly significant (p<0.001). Hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia (> 175 mg/dl) were two important risk factors in 70.9% and 30.9% respectively in group I compared to 47.6% and 21.1 % respectively in group II, both of which are significant (p<0.001). Ischaemic stroke were higher in group I(69%) as compared to group II (45.8%) which was significant (p<0.001). Lacunar infarct were more in group I (73.7%) than group II (61.7%). Haemorrhagic stroke was higher in group II (52.7%) than in group I (30.4%). Apart from recent event CT scan showed evidence of old lacunar infarct in 36.8% cases of group I compared to 21.1% of group II. During follow-up mortality within 4 weeks was higher in haemorrhagic stroke of group I (55.8%) compared to 49.6% in group II which is significant (p<0.05). For ischaemic stroke mortality in group I was 26.3% compared to 14.8% in group II which is very significant (p<0.001). Out of total mortality in group I, 35.08% had high HbA1c. Increased risk of stroke in diabetic is probably related to hypertension and lipid abnormalities. Increased mortality from abnormal glycaemic control needs to be evaluated further.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cholesterol/blood , Diabetes Complications/etiology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Glycemic Index , Humans , Hypercholesterolemia/complications , Hyperglycemia/complications , Hypertension/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Stroke/etiology , Survival Rate , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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