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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(7): e10579, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249313

ABSTRACT

NOTCH pathway proteins, including the transcriptional factor HES1, play crucial roles in the development of the inner ear by means of the lateral inhibition mechanism, in which supporting cells have their phenotype preserved while they are prevented from becoming hair cells. Genetic manipulation of this pathway has been demonstrated to increase hair cell number. The present study aimed to investigate gene expression effects in hair cells and supporting cells after Hes1-shRNA lentivirus transduction in organotypic cultures of the organ of Corti from postnatal-day-3 mice. Forty-eight hours after in vitro knockdown, Hes1 gene expression was reduced at both mRNA and protein levels. Myo7a (hair cell marker) and Sox2 (progenitor cell marker) mRNA levels also significantly increased. The modulation of gene expression in the organ of Corti upon Hes1 knockdown is consistent with cell phenotypes related to lateral inhibition mechanism interference in the inner ear. The lentivirus-based expression of Hes1-shRNA is a valuable strategy for genetic interference in the organ of Corti and for future evaluation of its efficacy in protocols aiming at the regeneration of hair cells in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cochlea , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Organ of Corti , Cell Differentiation , Receptors, Notch , Transcription Factor HES-1/genetics , Hair Cells, Auditory
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 42(2): 168-171, Feb. 2009. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-506883

ABSTRACT

Mutations in the GJB2 gene, encoding connexin 26 (Cx26), are a major cause of nonsyndromic recessive hearing loss in many countries. We report here on a novel point mutation in GJB2, p.L76P (c.227C>T), in compound heterozygosity with a c.35delG mutation, in two Brazilian sibs, one presenting mild and the other profound nonsyndromic neurosensorial hearing impairment. Their father, who carried a wild-type allele and a p.L76P mutation, had normal hearing. The mutation leads to the substitution of leucine (L) by proline (P) at residue 76, an evolutionarily conserved position in Cx26 as well as in other connexins. This mutation is predicted to affect the first extracellular domain (EC1) or the second transmembrane domain (TM2). EC1 is important for connexon-connexon interaction and for the control of channel voltage gating. The segregation of the c.227C>T (p.L76P) mutation together with c.35delG in this family indicates a recessive mode of inheritance. The association between the p.L76P mutation and hearing impairment is further supported by its absence in a normal hearing control group of 100 individuals, 50 European-Brazilians and 50 African-Brazilians.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Connexins/genetics , Deafness/genetics , Genes, Recessive/genetics , Mutation, Missense/genetics , Brazil , Deafness/ethnology , Family
3.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 41(4): 235-8, July-Aug. 1999.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-246832

ABSTRACT

We studied 12 Hb C carriers: 4 homozygotic Hb CC and 8 heterozygotic. We observed the presence of free crystals in the peripheral blood of the homozygotes but in none of the heterozygotes. However, after incubation with 3 percent NaCl we were able to detect crystals in the heterozygotes (Hb AC and Hb SC), and in the homozygotes (Hb CC). In patient 04 (P04) less crystals formation occurred due to inhibition of the process by the presence of elevated levels of Hb F (12.2 percent). All the homozygotic patients had a splenomegaly of 3 to 6 fingerbreadths.We believe that the spleen wears off with time, thus allowing the passage of crystals to the peripheral blood. This finding might be associated with splenic insufficiency without a reduction of its dimensions. Finally, the finding of crystals in the peripheral blood permitted the diagnosis of Hb C obviating the need for electrophoresis


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemoglobin C Disease/diagnosis , Hemoglobin C/chemistry , Splenomegaly/blood , Crystallization , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Homozygote , Spleen/physiopathology
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