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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921531


Objective To evaluate the influence of temperature on the outpatient visits for urticaria in Lanzhou City and its hysteresis and to find out the sensitive populations by sex and age stratification.Methods We collected the urticaria outpatient data in three grade A class three hospitals as well as the meteorological data and air pollutant data in Lanzhou from January 2011 to December 2017.The distributed lag non-linear model(DLNM)was employed to analyze the influence of daily mean temperature on the outpatient visits for urticaria.Stratification analysis was performed for different age groups(0-14,15-59,≥60 years)and different sex populations.Results Temperature had a non-linear relationship with the outpatient visits for urticaria,and there existed hysteresis.During the research period,the average daily outpatient visits for urticaria at the three hospitals in Lanzhou was 25,ranging from 1 to 76.With the rise in the daily mean temperature within 0-10 ℃,the risk of outpatient visits for urticaria first increased and then decreased.When the daily mean temperature was 2 ℃,hysteresis occurred on the 18th day,and the relative risk(

Adolescent , Air Pollutants/analysis , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Middle Aged , Nonlinear Dynamics , Outpatients , Temperature , Urticaria/epidemiology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446971


The relationship between subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and the components of metabolic syndrome (MS) was explored.A total of 2 252 subjects aged 20 to 79 years from medical examination were identified.The prevalence of SCH was 4.88%.The rate of 7.30% in female was markedly higher than 2.17% in male(P<0.01).The highest SCH prevalence in adults was in the ≥70 years old group.The prevalence of SCH in female was increased with age(P<0.01).Compared with the euthyroid group,body mass index,triglyceride,and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol were significantly elevated (P<0.05),while high density lipoprotein-cholesterol was significantly decreased in SCH group(P<0.05).The incidences of hypertension,dyslipidosis,and MS in SCH group were significantly higher than those in euthyroid group(P<0.05 or P<0.01) ; Serum TSH in the MS group was higher than that in the Non-MS group[(2.43 ± 1.55 vs 2.21 ± 1.48) mU/L,P<0.01].The incidence of SCH in MS group was significantly higher than that in the Non-MS group (7.69% vs 4.25%,P<0.05).The prevalence of SCH in women was increased with age.Multiple factors of dysbolism were clustered in subjects with SCH.There is a correlation between SCH and MS.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417882


ObjectiveTo evaluate the clinical features of hyperuricemia (HUA) and relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) and metabolic syndrome (MS) in adults.MethodsData were gathered from medical examination among adults age ≥ 20 years,and totally 18 862 subjects were analyzed in this study.ResultsThe prevalence of HUA was 14.8% (2788/18 862).The rate was 18.4%( 1926/10 445) in men,10.2% (862/8417) in women.The prevalence of HUA was increased with age,there was significant difference among different age (P =0.000),the rate in men was higher than that in women (P < 0.01 or <0.05 ).Compared with normal SUA Patients,the levels of body mass index(BMI),systolic blood pressure (SBP),diastolic blood pressure (DBP),total cholesterol (TC),triacylglycerol (TG) and lowdensity lipid cholesterol(LDL-C) were markedly elevated (P <0.01 or <0.05),and the level of highdensity lipid cholesterol (HDL-C) was markedly decreased in HUA patients (P <0.05).Stepwise regression analysis showed that BMI,SBP,DBP,fasting plasma glucose (FPG),TG,HDL-C were the independent correlation factor of SUA.The incidence of hypertension,over weight/obesity,dyslipidosis,hyperglycosemia and MS in HUA patients [24.1% (672/2788),36.2% (1009/2788),31.2% (870/2788),18.0% (502/2788),20.8%(580/2788) ] was significantly higher than that in normal SUA patients [ 18.2% (2925/16 074),26.4%(4244/16 074),22.0%(3536/16 074),15.00(2411/16 074),17.0%(2733/16 074),P< 0.01 ].The level of SUA in patients with MS [ (342.3 ± 64.2 ) μ mol/L ] was higher than that of those without MS[ (319.3 ± 67.1 )μ mol/L,P =0.000].ConclusionsThe prevalence of HUA is increased with age.Multiple factors of dysbolism are clustered in subjects with HUA.There is correlation between SUA and MS.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415544


Objective To investigate the association between obesity and benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH).Methods A total of 253 men (>40 year old) with no obesity related diseases were selected.Medical history,height,body weight,waist circumference (WC),body fat ratio,blood pressure,fasting blood glucose,blood lipid and prostate ultrasound were evaluated.The participants were then assigned to the normal group (body mass index 18.5 to 23.9 kg/m2),overweight group (24.0 to 27.9 kg/m2) and obesity group (≥28 kg/m2).The subjects were also divided into the normal group (WC25%).Prostate volume was analyzed in each group.Results The prostate volume was significantly different between the normal body mass index group and overweight or obesity groups,normal WC group and abdominal obesity group,and normal body fat ratio group and excessive body fat ratio group.The prostate volume was increased in individuals with higher body mass index,WC and body fat ratio.Of those with body mass index≥24 kg/m2 and normal WC or body fat ratio,the incidence of BPH was not significantly increased.Conclusion Obesity may be a risk factor for BPH; individuals with increased WC and body fat ratio may have a higher risk of BPH.

Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 433-435, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414168


Objective To understand the effect of circumcision in reducing high-risk human papilloma virus (HPV) infection in male adults. Methods One hundred and twenty-eight married adults with phimosis who underwent circumcision enrolled in the case group and high-risk HPV of urethral discharge specimens were detected before and 2 years after operation. A total of 128 cases of phimosis without circumcision were recruited in the control group. High-risk HPV infection rates were compared between the two groups. Results The highrisk HPV infection rates in the two groups were comparable at baseline. In the circumcision group, high-risk HPV infection rate was 27. 3% preoperative and it significantly decreased to 12.5% two years after operation( x2 =8. 839 ,P =0. 005). In the control group,high risk HPV infection rate was 28. 1% at baseline and it was 25.0%two years later, with no significant difference (x2 =0.320,P = 0.671).Conclusion Circumcision can significantly reduce high-risk HPV infection. Promoting circumcision actively in our country may have an important role in preventing high-risk HPV infection.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387004


Objective To investigate the effects of weight-loss intervention on metabolic indicators in over-weight or obesity adults.MethodsA total of 116 over-weight or obese adults entered into this study from March 2008 to December 2009.The participants were divided into three groups by age.Each group received 6 months'weight-loss intervention.Body mass index(BMI),body fat rate,blood pressure,fasting blood glucose(FBG),oral glucose tolerance test(OGTY)2 h blood glucose,serum triglyceride(TG),total cholesterol(TC),high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C),and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)were measured before and after the intervention.The data were analyzed using t test.Results After the intervention,BMI,FBG,TG,and LDL-C were significantly decreased while HDL Was significantly increased in each group(P<0.05).Body fat rate,systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure and OGTT 2 h blood glucose were significantly reduced in the young and middle-aged groups(P<0.05),however,there Was not significant difference in the older-age group.ConclusionsWeight-loss intervention may be effective in improving physical and metabolic indicators in adults with over-weight and obesity and reducing the risk of obesity-related diseases.