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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885674

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the variation characteristics and influencing factors of HIV/AIDS subtypes in Wuxi city of Jiangsu Province from 2014 to 2016.Methods:HIV/AIDS population in Wuxi city in 2014 was selected as the research object, and the HIV molecular epidemiology and follow-up study were carried out. Collect epidemiological information, extract DNA from blood samples, amplify pol gene fragment by nest-PCR and sequence, use ChromasPro 1.6 software and MEGA 7.0 software to construct the HIV-1 sequence database, and use FastTree2.1.10 software to construct the phylogenetic tree to confirm the subtype; in 2016, the same population was followed up, and the HIV subtype variation was analyzed, and the influencing factors of subtype variation were explored by multivariate logistic regression. Results:A total of 612 HIV/AIDS cases in 2014 and 2016 were collected. The age of the subjects was mainly 30 years old or above (85.46%, 523/612), and the proportion of people over 50 years old was higher (228/612, 37.25%). The main route of transmission was homosexuality, accounting for 49.67%. A total of 1224 samples were detected and CRF01 _ AE、CRF07_ BC、B、CRF08_ BC、CRF67_ 01B、CRF55_ 01B、CRF68_ 01B, 7 subtypes of HIV-1 and 5 unique recombinant types (URFs) was detected. CRF01_ AE and CRF07_ BC was still the main genotype in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, accounting for 66.75%. There were 29 cases (3.56%) of URFs recombinant strains. During 2014-2016, the variation rate of subtypes was 14.63%, and the most common variation was CRF01_ AE changes to CRF07_ BC(13.95%). Marital status (OR=0.363, 95% CI: 0.137-0.964) and baseline CD4 level (OR=0.414, 95% CI: 0.192-0.891) were associated with subtype variation.Conclusions:The HIV-1 subtypes of HIV/AIDS patients in Wuxi city are diverse and complex, the proportion of recombinant subtypes is rising, the URFs that are difficult to determine the genotype increase significantly, and the variation rate of HIV-1 subtypes among HIV/AIDS infected people is high. It is necessary to strengthen the monitoring of HIV-1 subtypes.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884326

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of fetal intelligent navigation echocardiography (FINE) in automatic quantitation of cardiac axis (CA).Methods:A total of 62 pregnant women of which 2 with twins′ pregnancy in the second and third trimesters from May to June 2020 in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Zhejiang University College of Medicine were enrolled in this non-selective and prospective study. After excluding those who could not be analyzed, they were assigned into four groups according to their CA measuring methods: ①Group with manual measuring CA in systole (CAS); ②Group with manual measuring CA in diastole(CAD); ③Group with CA measured by FINE in three-steps; ④Group with CA measured by FINE in seven-steps. The CAS among groups were compared in order to analyze the consistency and correlation of CAS achieved by different methods, meanwhile, the intra-observer and inter-observer consistency and repeatability were also evaluated.Results:A total of 64 fetuses with 187 volume data were collected, of which 60 cases of fetal data can be included in the study, 57 cases of normal CA, 3 cases of abnormal CA, a total of 158 volume data can be used for data analysis, the success rate was about 84.5%. Because of the small number of abnormal CA cases (3 cases), only 57 cases of normal CA were statistically analyzed in this study. Three-step and seven-step FINE automatic quantitative CA showed significantly different from those obtained with manual measurements of CAD ( P=0.005, P<0.001). There were no significant differences in quantitative analysis of CA between three-step or seven-step FINE and manual measurements of CAS ( P=0.458, 0.883), however, there was no correlation between CA using three-step FINE and manual measurement of CAS ( rs=0.056, P=0.679), but there was a positive correlation between CA using seven-step FINE and manual measurement of CAS ( rs=0.599, P<0.001). The linear regression equation was constructed as follows: Y=10.96+ 0.73 X ( R2=0.431, P<0.001). There was no correlation between three-step method and seven-step method for automatic quantitative CA ( rs=0.158, P=0.241). There was significant difference( P<0.001), but strong correlation between manual measurement of CAS and manual measurement of CAD ( rs=0.973, P<0.001), the average difference was ΔCA=(4.5± 3.8)°. The linear regression equation was constructed as follows: Y=-2.94+ 0.96 X ( R2=0.950, P<0.001). Intra-observer and inter-observer measurements had shown no significant difference in consistency and repeatability (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The measurement of fetal CA by seven-step FINE is superior to the three-step FINE when the fetal CA is in normal range. This may be considered a promising aspect that seven-step FINE automatic quantitation of fetal CA can replace the manual measurement of CAS. Future research is needed to deliminate the reliability of automatic quantification of fetal CA by seven-step FINE with the CA in abnormal range.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879847

ABSTRACT

A healthy full-term female neonate, aged 3 days and born by vaginal delivery (with a 1-minute Apgar score of 10 and a 5-minute Apgar score of 10), had unexpected cardiac and respiratory arrests in the early morning on day 3 after birth and recovered to spontaneous breathing and heartbeat after a 10-minute resuscitation. The child had poor response and convulsion after resuscitation. Blood gas analysis showed metabolic acidosis, and amplitude-integrated EEG showed a burst-suppression pattern. She was diagnosed with sudden unexpected postnatal collapse but improved after hypothermia and symptomatic/supportive treatment. This article reports the first case of sudden unexpected postnatal collapse in China and summarizes related risk factors, pathophysiological mechanisms, and preventive and treatment measures of this disorder.


Subject(s)
Apgar Score , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Resuscitation , Risk Factors
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868731

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the design details of accelerator room for a novel enclosed O-ring linac Halcyon, and to optimize its protection and layout.Methods:According to the optimization principle of radiation protection and the requirements of national radiation protection standards, and the structural characteristics of Halcyon accelerator, the differences between conventional and this novel accelerator rooms were analyzed by discussing the space layout of the machine room, shielding calculation, electrical facilities, purifying ventilation, temperature and humidity control and other factors.Results:The Halcyon machine had a compact structure, a closed ring frame design and a main beam shielding device, which could greatly reduce the radiation protection pressure while improving the space utilization rate of the machine room. The optimized design layout of the machine room could eliminate hidden dangers, avoid design defects, and prevent adverse consequences caused by design errors.Conclusions:The overall structure of Halcyon accelerator is different from that of conventional accelerators. The design details should be taken into full consideration to ensure the optimization of radiation protection, lay a good foundation for subsequent installation, debugging and operation of the equipment and create a good treatment environment for patients and medical staff.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868108

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility of applying Fetal Intelligent Navigation Echocardiography (FINE) combined with Virtual Intelligent Sonographer Assistance (VIS-Assistance ?) in the prenatal screening of right aortic arch (RAA) with left-sided ductus arteriosus (LDA). Methods:A total of 32 fetuses with RAA and LDA during middle and late pregnancy in Zhejiang University Medical College Affiliated Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital from Jauary 2018 to Jauary 2020 were included in this retrospective study, and the datas about fetal cardiac three-dimensional volume were analyzed. The time-space correlation imaging (STIC) volume data were collected by using FINE by Senior doctor A. The two diagnostic elements of the transverse aortic arch on the right side of the trachea and the "U" -shaped vascular ring, as well as the three-vessel tracheal diagnostic section were obtained by low-aged doctor B and middle-aged doctor C by using VIS-Assistance ? technology. And then the detection rates of diagnostic sections and diagnostic elements for fetuses with RAA and LDA were calculated. The postpartum outcomes of fetuses with RAA and LDA were followed up. Results:Thirty-two fetuses were included in the study after excluding 2 cases due to the poor quality images, and the datas about fetal cardiac three-dimensional volume of the 32 fetuses were analyzed. The detection rate of one diagnostic element (the aortic arch on the right side of the trachea) were 84.4% vs 87.5% before VIS-Assistance ?, and 93.8% vs 93.8% after VIS-Assistance ? for each doctor B and doctor C , respectively. Another diagnostic element ( "U" -shaped vascular ring) were 78.1% vs 87.3% before VIS-Assistance ?, and 90.6% vs 90.6% after VIS-Assistance ? for doctor B and doctor C, respectively. But no significant difference was found before and after VIS-Assistance ? between the two each doctors(all P>0.05). The detection rate of three-vascular tracheal diagnosis view were 65.6% vs 71.9% before VIS-Assistance ? and 84.4% vs 87.5% after VIS-Assistance ? for doctor B and doctor C, respectively. There was significant difference before and after VIS-Assistance ? of doctor C( P<0.05). The scores of image quality after VIS-Assistance ? were significantly higher than that before VIS-Assistance ? for doctor B and doctor C, respectively [3(2.5, 3) vs 3.25(3.0, 3.5), and 3(2.5, 3.5) vs 3.5(3.0, 3.5)]. The agreement between two doctors performing VIS-Assistance ? was investigated using Bland-Altman analysis and the result showed that within 95% of the differences fall in the agreement interval. No obvious clinical symptoms of compression were found in 32 neonates after follow-up. Conclusions:The application of FINE combined with VIS-Assistance ? technology can easily and reliably obtain the key diagnostic view of RAA with LDA (three-vessel and tracheal view), and clearly display all diagnostic elements, having high repeatability and stability. VIS-Assistance ? technology can improve the detection rate and image quality even if the doctor was lack of experience. So it can be used as an effective supplementary means for prenatal screening of RAA and LDA.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical application value of fetal heart quantification (fetal HQ) in the analysis of 24-segment spherical index (SI) of fetal heart in normal second and third trimestries.Methods:In July 2019, sixty-five normal singletons with gestational age (GA) of 28(24, 31) weeks were examined by echocardiography in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital. The global spherical index (GSI) of the heart was measured and the dynamic images of the standard four chamber view were collected. Twenty-four-segment SI of the left and right ventricles were measured by using the fetal HQ analysis system and the correlation between SI and gestational age was analyzed.Results:There were no significant correlations between GSI, SI of left and right ventricles and gestational age ( r s=-0.22-0.14, all P>0.05). The SI of the first segment of left ventricle was lower than those of the other 23 segments (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences of SI among the second to the eleventh segments of the left ventricle (all P>0.05). In the 13th to the 24th segments of the left ventricle, the closer to the apex of the heart, the greater the SI of the segment were noted (all P<0.05). For the right ventricle, the closer to the apex of the heart, the greater the SI of the 4th to the 24th segments were found (all P<0.05), and there were no significant differences in SI among the first to third segment( P>0.05). The success rate of fetal HQ software was 95.4%. Conclusions:The 24-segment SI of RV and LV provides a feasible and reliable quantitative method which allows for the assessment of fetal heart function from the four-chamber view.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association of left and right ventricular diameters in normal early pregnancy and early middle pregnancy to the biological growth parameters of fetus, and to establish the reference and Z-score model for left and right ventricles.Methods:Two hundred and forty-six fetuses in normal early pregnancy (11-13 + 6 weeks) and early middle pregnancy (14-17 + 6 weeks) from February 2019 to May 2019 in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital were examined by routine ultrasound. Non-cardiac fetal biometric parameters included crown-rump length (CRL), biparietal diameter (BPD) and femoral length (FL) and gestation age (GA) based on menstrual age were assessed. The left and right ventricular widths (LVW, RVW) and ventricular lengths (LVL, RVL) were measured at the end of diastolic period by obtaining the standard four chamber view of fetal echocardiography. The end-diastolic areas (LVA, RVA) as the products of the ventricular widths and lengths, the global spherical indexes (GSI) of left and right ventricles (LVSI, RVSI), the ratios of left and right ventricular widths (LVW/RVW), the length ratios (LVL/RVL) and the area ratios (LVA/RVA) of both ventricles were calculated.GA, BPD and FL were used as independent variables. The predicted cardiac parameters and its derivative parameters were used as dependent variables. The corresponding reference range was established. The correlation between each standard deviation (SD) and independent variables was analyzed, and the corresponding Z-scores of left and right ventricular diameters were calculated by using the formula. Results:①LVW, RVW, LVL, RVL were found positively correlated with the increase of GA, BPD and FL, and the correlation between GA and LVW, RVW was the highest ( r=0.928, 0.930; all P<0.000 1). ②There was a positive correlation between LVA, RVA and GA ( r=0.868, 0.872; all P<0.000 1). LVSI, RVSI were found negatively correlated with GA ( r=-0.844, -0.861; all P<0.000 1), and LVSI>RVSI. LVW/RVW<1 and almost close to 1, the ratios decreased with the increase of GA( r=0.147, P<0.000 1). LVL/RVL>1, the ratios increased with the increase of GA( r=0.313, P<0.000 1). LVA/RVA>1, but there was no correlation with GA. ③The SD values of LVW, RVW, LVL, RVL positively correlated with independent variables. Taking GA and LVW as an example, the linear regression equation of LVW was Y=-5.338+ 0.549GA ( r=0.928, P<0.000 1), and the linear regression equation of LVW-SD was Y=-0.322+ 0.037GA( r=0.131, P<0.000 1). The Z-scores of LVW, RVW, LVL, RVL, LVA, RVA did not change with the changes of GA, BPD, and FL. Conclusions:The normal reference range and Z-scores of left and right ventricular lengths and widths can be simply and reliably established using statistical analysis, and these parameters might have potentials for more accurately and more early evaluating the normal development of fetal heart.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868014

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical value of sonography based volume computer aided display heart (SonoVCADheart) in the display of key diagnostic elements in basic fetal echocardiographic views.Methods:4D volume data based on fetal four-chamber view of 80 singleton fetuses (including 57 normal fetuses and 23 fetuses with heart abnormalities) were collected by using a volumetric probe from the Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University College of Medicine from January 8-22, 2019. Four to five volume datasets based on four-chamber view of the heart were rapidly acquired from each fetus. Three doctors (Doctor A: Engaged in fetal echocardiography diagnosis for more than 15 years, Doctor B and C: 6 months of regular fetal echocardiography training but lack of experience) with different fetal echocardiographic experiences performed off-line processing using SonoVCADheart combined tomographic ultrasound imaging (TUI) at different times to obtain eight standard echocardiographic diagnostic views, and to score the elementary contents of each echocardiographic view. The scores of the same doctor at different times, the scores of less experienced doctors and experienced doctor, and the scores between normal and abnormal fetuses, and the time required for analysis and diagnosis among all doctors were analyzed and compared, respectively. The diagnostic coincidence rates of SonoVCADheart for fetuses with cardiac malformations were also assessed.Results:A total of 279 volume datasets obtained from 57 normal fetuses, an average of 4.89/fetus, and 109 volume datasets obtained from 23 fetuses with cardiovascular abnormalities, an average of 4.74/fetus, and all volume datasets were used for SonoVCADheart analysis. The volume percentage of all the elements in the 8 diagnostic views with image quality≥2 points shown by SonoVCADheart in the normal fetuses was about 70.61%-74.91%, in the abnormal fetuses was about 53.21%-55.96%. There were no significant differences in the scores between the same doctor at different times, the scores between inexperienced doctors, and the scores among experienced and less experienced doctors(all P>0.05). There were significant differences in the scores between normal and abnormal fetuses except for all of the superior and inferior vena cava view and the aorticarch view of doctors A and C(all P<0.05). The time required for experienced doctor A and inexperienced doctors B and C to obtain 8 diagnostic views and to complete the diagnosis was statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the time required for the inexperienced doctors B and C to obtain 8 diagnostic sections and to complete the diagnosis ( P>0.05). There was statistically significant difference in the diagnosis time required for doctor A using SonoVCADheart and two-dimensional echocardiography in fetuses with cardiovascular malformations ( P<0.05). However, there was no statistically significant difference in the time required in the normal fetus between SonoVCADheart and two-dimensional echocardiography ( P>0.05). The diagnostic coincidence rate of SonoVCADheart for fetuses with cardiac malformations is about 89.91%-90.83%. Conclusions:SonoVCADheart is a repeatable and stable novel fetal heart processing tool enabling displaying eight standard diagnostic sections of the fetal heart, and has potential clinical application value in the standardization of image acquisition and sequence display.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868010

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the sensitivity and specificity of fetal intelligent navigation echocardiography(FINE, 5D Heart) in the prenatal detection of congenital heart defect(CHD), and to compare its diagnostic performance with spatiotemporal image correlation(STIC) loop (STICloop).Methods:A total of 250 pregnant women having a singleton pregnancy in the second and third trimesters from April 2018 to May 2019 in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University College of Medicine were enrolled in this prospective study. 2D ultrasound diagnosis has been made before acquiring STIC volume data set. After the appropriateness of each volume data set was preliminarily determined, all identifying informations were concealed and the appropriate volumes were randomly distributed to less experienced sonographer for analysis using 5D Heart software. The sensitivity and specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios, as well as area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the two methods were determined respectively, and the differences between the two methods were statistically analyzed.Results:The diagnostic performance of 5D Heart for the prenatal detection of CHD was: sensitivity of 95.45% (105/110), specificity of 94.29% (132/140), positive likelihood ratio of 16.72, negative likelihood ratio of 0.05, and AUC of 0.95, respectively. Among cases with confirmed CHD, the 5D Heart diagnosis completely matched the final diagnosis in 77.27% (85/110). The diagnostic performance of STICloop for the prenatal detection of CHD was: sensitivity of 90.91% (100/110), specificity of 92.86% (130/140), positive likelihood ratio of 12.73, negative likelihood ratio of 0.10, and AUC of 0.92. The sensitivity and secificity of 5D Heart in diagnosing CHD were both higher than 90%, and it could successfully detect a broad spectrum of severe fetal CHD. Among cases with confirmed CHD, even the STICloop diagnosis completely matched the final diagnosis in 61.81%(68/110), its diagnostic accuracy was relatively lower than 5D Heart ( P=0.013). However, there were no statistical differences between the two methods in sensitivity and specificity(all P>0.05). Conclusions:The sesitivity and specifity of 5D Heart in diagnosis CHD were both higher than 90%, and it could successfully detect a broad spectrum of severe fetal CHD. STICloop could be used for preliminary screening of CHD, as it has the same high sensitivity and specificity as 5D Heart. Further examination may be recommended when fetal heart abnormalities are suspected.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867974

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of Sonography based Volume Computer Aided Display Heart (SonoVCADheart) in the display of the fetal ventricular outflow views, and compare diameters of fetal aorta (AO) and pulmonary artery (PA) measured by two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) and SonoVCADheart.Methods:Eighty singleton fetuses in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy in January 2019 in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University College of Medicine were enrolled. Conventional 2DE examinations were performed. The volume datasets were analyzed offline using the new automatic image processing software SonoVCADheart. The diameters of AO and PA were measured by 2DE and SonoVCADheart, respectively. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between the two methods. The consistency of the two methods was verified by Bland-Altman analysis, and he reliability of SonoVCADheart was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC).Results:Fetal ventricular outflow views were successfully obtained using SonoVCADheart in 73(91.2%) of 80 fetuses. There were good correlations between the two methods for measuring the diameters of AO and PA ( r=0.953, 0.971; all P<0.001). The 95% agreement limits of AO and PA were (-0.669, 0.568)mm and (-0.632, 0.580)mm, respectively. ICC demonstrated that SonoVCADheart achieved great repeatability both between and within observers. Conclusions:SonoVCADheart may have potentials for the quantitative evaluation of fetal ventricular outflow tracts with its good repeatability and reliability.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864105

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis is in the top 10 fatal disease in the world.Mycobacterium tuberculosis can easily spread through blood and affect all organs of the body.Children are susceptible to tuberculosis, most of which is acute hematogenous disseminated tuberculosis, including some congenital tuberculosis.The imaging features of acute hema-togenous disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis are miliary nodules/nodules of the same size and evenly and randomly distributed and dispersed in both lungs, accompanied by hilar and mediastinal adenopathy and calcification.Young children with hematogenous disseminated tuberculosis have relatively large nodules which easy to fuse.The imaging features of subacute/chronic hematogenous disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis are randomly distributed nodules with different sizes and densities as well as mixed exudative and proliferative lesions.Congenital tuberculosis usually occurs in neonates within 1 month characterized by diffuse miliary nodules or consolidation lesions.The lesions can be fused, accompanied by mediastinum and hilar adenopathy.The differential diagnosis of pediatric hematogenous disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis in infants includes chronic granulomatosis and chlamydia pneumonia, and in old children includes cryptococcus pneumonia, staphylococcus aureus pneumonia, hematogenous pulmonary aspergillosis, tracheobronchial tuberculosis, allergic pneumonia, cytomegalovirus pneumonia, lung Langerhans histiocytosis, pulmonary metastasis, pulmonary lymphangiomatosis, pulmonary lymphoproliferative diseases, idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis, Niemann Pick′s disease, etc.The classification and imaging characteristics of children′s hematogenous disseminated tuberculosis were systematically studied and summarized in this review, and the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of hematogenous disseminated tuberculosis in children was reviewed based on the author′s clinical experience, in order to improve the imaging recognition and diagnosis of the disease.

12.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830421

ABSTRACT

Background@#Diabetes can complicate hypertension management by increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality. Studies targeting diabetes detection in hypertensive individuals demonstrating an increased risk of diabetes are lacking.We aimed to assess the performance of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and its cut-off point in detecting diabetes in the abovementioned population. @*Methods@#Data from 4,096 community-dwellers with hypertension but without known diabetes were obtained from the Study on Evaluation of iNnovated Screening tools and determInation of optimal diagnostic cut-off points for type 2 diaBetes in Chinese muLti-Ethnic (SENSIBLE) study; these data were randomly split into exploration (70% of the sample) and internal validation (the remaining 30%) datasets. The optimal HbA1c cut-off point was derived from the exploration dataset and externally validated using another dataset from 2,431 hypertensive individuals. The oral glucose tolerance test was considered the goldstandard for confirming diabetes. @*Results@#The areas under the ROC curves for HbA1c to detect diabetes were 0.842, 0.832, and 0.829 for the exploration, internal validation, and external validation datasets, respectively. An optimal HbA1c cut-off point of 5.8% (40 mmol/mol) yielded a sensitivity of 76.2% and a specificity of 74.5%. Individuals who were not diagnosed as having diabetes by HbA1c at 5.8% (40 mmol/mol) had a lower 10-year CVD risk score than those diagnosed as having diabetes (P = 0.01). HbA1c ≤ 5.1% (32 mmol/mol) and ≥ 6.4% (46 mmol/mol) could indicate the absence and presence of diabetes, respectively. @*Conclusions@#HbA1c could detect diabetes effectively in community-dwellers with hypertension.

13.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 367-371, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879649

ABSTRACT

Subtalar dislocation is defined as a separation of the talocalcaneal and talonavicular articulations, commonly caused by high-energy mechanisms, which include falls from height, motor vehicle crashes, and twisting leg injuries. The dislocations are divided into medial, lateral, anterior, and posterior types on the basis of the direction in which the distal part of the foot has shifted in relation to the talus. The most common type is medial dislocation resulted from inversion injury. Subtalar dislocation may accompany with other fractures. Physical examination must be performed carefully to assess for neurovascular compromise. Most of the subtalar dislocations can be treated with closed reduction under sedation. If this is not possible, open reduction without further delay should be conducted. After primary treatment, X-ray and computed tomography scan should be performed to evaluate the alignment and the fractures. We report a 37-year-old male patient sustained a subtalar dislocation without any bony injury when he was playing football. The patient was successfully treated by closed reduction, and a good alignment was observed at the last follow-up. The pathogenesis and treatment method of this case were analyzed, and the related literature were reviewed, which provided a reference for future clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Closed Fracture Reduction/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Football/injuries , Humans , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Male , Subtalar Joint/injuries , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799084

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the feasibility of Sonography based Volume Computer Aided Display Heart (SonoVCADheart) in the display of the fetal ventricular outflow views, and compare diameters of fetal aorta (AO) and pulmonary artery (PA) measured by two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) and SonoVCADheart.@*Methods@#Eighty singleton fetuses in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy in January 2019 in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University College of Medicine were enrolled. Conventional 2DE examinations were performed. The volume datasets were analyzed offline using the new automatic image processing software SonoVCADheart. The diameters of AO and PA were measured by 2DE and SonoVCADheart, respectively. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between the two methods. The consistency of the two methods was verified by Bland-Altman analysis, and he reliability of SonoVCADheart was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC).@*Results@#Fetal ventricular outflow views were successfully obtained using SonoVCADheart in 73(91.2%) of 80 fetuses. There were good correlations between the two methods for measuring the diameters of AO and PA (r=0.953, 0.971; all P<0.001). The 95% agreement limits of AO and PA were (-0.669, 0.568)mm and (-0.632, 0.580)mm, respectively. ICC demonstrated that SonoVCADheart achieved great repeatability both between and within observers.@*Conclusions@#SonoVCADheart may have potentials for the quantitative evaluation of fetal ventricular outflow tracts with its good repeatability and reliability.

15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1307-1311, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827121

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of different types of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and hormone therapy in patients with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA).@*METHODS@#The clinical data and serological characteristics of 40 patients with AIHA treated in our hospital from 2014 to 2018 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The efficacy and safety of different type of RBC transfusion and hormone therapy were evaluated according to the principle of minimally incompatible RBC transfusion after cross-matching.@*RESULTS@#Among 40 patients with AIHA, the female cases were more than the male cases, the cases of secondary AIHA was more than cases of primary AIHA, and the warm autoantibodies were in the majority. 11 cases of AIHA underwent 26 times minimally incompatible red blood cell transfusions. The total effective rate was 46.2%, the partial efficiency was 23.1%, and total inefficiency was 30.8%. Among them, the same type of non-washing red blood cell group showed efficiency of 42.1%, partial effective rate of 21.1%, and inefficiency of 36.8%; the same type of washed red blood cell group showed efficiency of 57.1%, partial effective rate of 28.6%, and inefficiency of 14.3%. the infusion effects was not significanly different between the two groups, and no hemolytic transfusion reaction occurred. In the hormone-treated group, the complete remission rate was 15.2%, the partial remission rate was 63.6%, and the ineffective rate was 21.2%. Among them, the side effects appeared in 2 patients after using hormones.@*CONCLUSION@#When AIHA patients need blood transfusion, use the same type of non-washed red blood cells or homologous washed cells is relatively safe, and the difference in efficacy is not significant. The partial remission of patients received hormone therapy is much higher than that of red blood cell transfusion, but the side effects easily happen.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , Autoantibodies , Blood Transfusion , Erythrocyte Transfusion , Erythrocytes , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872828

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Puerariae Lobatae Radix on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) rats and related mechanism. Method:Ninety SD rats were divided into normal group, model group, metformin group, Puerariae Lobatae Radix high dose group, Puerariae Lobatae Radix medium dose group and Puerariae Lobatae Radix low dose group, 15 rats in each group. The rats in abnormal group were fed with high-fat and high sugar diet for 4 weeks, and then T2DM model was established by intraperitoneal injection of 40 mg·kg-1 streptozotocin (STZ). Puerariae Lobatae Radix high-dose group was intragastrically administered with 2.1 g·kg-1 of Puerariae Lobatae Radix extract powder, Puerariae Lobatae Radix medium-dose group was intragastrically administered with 1.4 g·kg-1 of Puerariae Lobatae Radix extract powder, Puerariae Lobatae Radix low-dose group was intragastrically administered with 0.7 g·kg-1 of Puerariae Lobatae Radix extract powder, 0.2 g·kg-1 of metformin hydrochloride in metformin group, distilled water once a day in normal group and model group. After 8 weeks, fasting blood glucose (FBG), glycosylated serum protein (GSP), insulin (FINS), triglyceride (TG), cholesterol (TC) were measured, and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was calculated. The expression of tumor necrosis factor -α(TNF-α) was observed by immunohistochemistry. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of glucose regulatory protein 78 (GRP78), activated transcription factor 6 (ATF6) in pancreatic tissue. Result:Compared with normal group, the contents of FBG, GSP, TG, TC, FINS, TNF-α in model group were significantly increased (P<0.05), the HOMA-IR was significantly increased (P<0.05), the protein expressions of GRP78 and ATF6 in pancreatic tissue were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with model group, the contents of FBG, GSP, TG, TC, FINS and TNF-α in the metformin group and Puerariae Lobatae Radix high, medium and low dose groups were significantly decreased (P<0.05), HOMA-IR decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the expression of GRP78 and ATF6 protein in pancreatic tissue decreased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion:Puerariae Lobatae Radix can significantly improve insulin resistance in T2DM rats, inhibit the expression of inflammatory factor TNF-α in pancreatic tissue, reduce the protein expression of GRP78 and ATF6 in pancreatic tissue.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871170

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between painful tonic spasm (PTS) and spinal cord injury in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD).Methods:The clinical data, serum AQP4-IgG antibody levels and magnetic resonance data of 138 patients with NMOSD were analyzed. Those with spinal cord involvement were assessed using the American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) to investigate the relationship between PTS and spinal cord injury.Results:The prevalence of PTS among the NMOSD patients was 36% (51/138), and all of the 51 NMOSD patients with PTS showed spinal cord lesions, an incidence significantly different from those without PTS. However, there were no significant differences in the age of onset, gender, disease duration, AQP4-IgG levels, lesion location, range of spinal cord lesions, or AIS grade between the NMOSD patients with and without PTS.Conclusion:PTS is a prevalent concomitant of NMOSD. As a common symptom of remission and recurrent remission, PTS is associated with myelopathy. This study failed to find any correlation between PTS and the affected spinal cord site or segment range. There was also no correlation between PTS and AIS grading among these subjects.

18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 440-445, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805007

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Objective@#To assess the prevalence and related factors of HIV infection among male clients of the female sex workers in Hekou Yao autonomous county of Honghe Hani Yi autonomous prefecture (Hekou county) in Yunnan province in China, 2014-2015.@*Methods@#Serial cross-sectional survey was conducted during June 2014 to November 2015. Convenience sampling methods were used to recruit the male clients for this study. Self-reported information on social-demographic characteristics, with sexual and drug behavior patterns, was gathered. Both blood and urine samples were collected for HIV, with for opiate testing. Multivariate logistic regression and Exhaustive CHAID method were used to determine the correlated factors associated with HIV infection. Statistical analysis was used by SPSS 22.0 software and Clementine 12.0 software.@*Results@#The overall HIV prevalence of male clients was 2.06% (16/776). Male clients who keep using condom with female sex worker was estimated as 68.81% (534/776). The last commercial sexual partner of Vietnamese male clients was all Vietnamese female sex workers. Compared with Chinese male clients, Vietnamese male clients have a higher rate of morphine positive. Factors as: age ≥50 years vs. age <30 years (OR=8.11, 95%CI: 1.26-52.16) and testing for morphine positive vs. morphine negative (OR=7.35, 95%CI: 1.42-38.06) were significantly associated with HIV infection through multiple logistic regression analysis. Through Exhaustive CHAID, it confirmed that age was the primary factor that associated with HIV infection of male clients.@*Conclusions@#Relationship between morphine and HIV infection indicated that HIV prevalence of male clients in Hekou county was influenced by the combined effect of both illegal drug use and commercial sexual behavior. Special attention should be paid to male clients over 50 years of age, on HIV intervention.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801395

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Objective@#To explore the feasibility of real-time three-dimensional ultrasound Xplane imaging in quantifying left and right atrial diastolic maximal volume (LAVmax, RAVmax) and evaluating cardiac diastolic function in fetuses with cardiac disease in second and later trimesters.@*Methods@#One hundred and forty-four fetuses with abnormal heart morphology at 16-34 weeks of gestational age were included and divided into 3 groups according to the influence of pathological changes on atrial volume: group A with symmetrical left and right atrial volume, group B with decreased left atrial volume and increased right atrial volume and group C with increased left atrial volume and decreased right atrial volume, and the fetus were also divided into 2 groups according to the law of fetal development: the middle pregnancy group (16-27+ 6 weeks) and the late pregnancy group (28-34+ 6 weeks). Using the " Xplane" mode of volume probe, the maximal atrial volume was calculated automatically by tracing method and three-path line method. The correlation between the two methods in quantitative LAVmax was validated by paired sample t test and Pearson correlation analysis. The correlation between LAVmax, RAVmax and gestational age were analyzed by curve fitting. The volumes of bilateral chambers and the average weekly growth rates of E peak, A peak and E/A value of mitral and tricuspid orifices were calculated and compared.@*Results@#There was no significant statistical difference between the maximal volume of the left atrium obtained by the tracing method and the three-diameter line method (P>0.05), and there was high correlation between the two methods in the comparison of the maximal volume of the left atrium (r=0.90, 0.88, 0.85; all P<0.01). The data of group A, B and C showed that LAVmax and RAVmax could increase with the increase of gestational weeks in a certain period of abnormal state, and had a good correlation with them(LAVmax: r=0.78, 0.74, 0.78, all P<0.005; RAVmax: r=0.79, 0.77, 0.78, all P<0.005). The average weekly growth rate of RAVmax showed an advantage in group A, B and C. Especially in group C with reduced right atrium, the growth rate of right atrium was 8.15%, which was higher than that of group B with decreased left atrium by 5.06%. The weekly growth rates of E peak and E/A in tricuspid orifice were also higher than those in mitral orifice. The E peak and E/A values of tricuspid orifice in group C were 4.05% and 0.60%, respectively, higher than those in group B, which were 2.58% and 0.02%. Peak A showed an increase in growth rate in group B and group C with decreased atria, peak A values in group B and group C increased by 4.01% and 2.19%, respectively.@*Conclusions@#The right ventricular dominance of fetal heart can still be reflected in certain stages of disease, and the atrial active systolic may play a regulatory role in the filling of cardiac blood flow. Real-time three-dimensional ultrasound Xplane imaging could be used to quantify the atrial volume of fetuses with abnormal heart morphology in second and later trimesters and to preliminary assess atrial function combined with the changes of atrioventricular valve orifice hemodynamics. Real-time three-dimensional ultrasound Xplane imaging technology has obvious advantages of simple, safe, non-invasive, simultaneous and high repeatability in measuring fetal atrial volume.

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Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1344-1353, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800851

ABSTRACT

Background@#The increased permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) induced by ischemia/hypoxia is generally correlated with alteration of tight junctions (TJs). DL-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) has been shown to exert neuroprotective effects after ischemic injury. However, few studies have assessed the correlation between NBP and TJs. This study aimed to investigate the potential effect of NBP on the TJ proteins claudin-5, zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), and occludin during brain ischemia.@*Methods@#A chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) Sprague-Dawley rat model was established, and NBP (20, 40, or 80 mg/kg, gavage, once a day) treatment was performed for 14 days. NBP (0.1 or 1.0 μmol/L) pre-treatment was applied to an in vitro hypoxia microvascular endothelial cell model (1% O2, 24 h). BBB permeability was assessed by performing the Evans blue assay. The expressions and localization of claudin-5, ZO-1, occludin, phosphorylated/total protein kinase B (p-Akt/Akt), phosphorylated/total glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β)/GSK-3β, and β-catenin/β-actin were evaluated by Western blotting or immunofluorescence. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was measured by flow cytometry analysis. TJ ultrastructure was observed by transmission electron microscopy.@*Results@#In CCH rats, treatment with 40 and 80 mg/kg NBP decreased the Evans blue content in brain tissue (9.0 ± 0.9 μg/g vs. 12.3 ± 1.9 μg/g, P = 0.005; 6.7 ± 0.6 μg/g vs. 12.3 ± 1.9 μg/g, P < 0.01), increased the expression of claudin-5 (0.79 ± 0.08 vs. 0.41 ± 0.06, P < 0.01; 0.97 ± 0.07 vs. 0.41 ± 0.06, P < 0.01), and elevated the ZO-1 protein level (P < 0.05) in brain microvascular segments in a dose-dependent manner in comparison with the corresponding values in the model group. There was no significant difference in occludin expression (P > 0.05). In the hypoxia cell model, NBP pre-treatment improved TJ ultrastructure, decreased intracellular ROS level, and increased the expression of claudin-5 (P < 0.01) and ZO-1 (P < 0.01) in comparison with the corresponding values in the hypoxia group. NBP treatment also elevated the relative expression levels of p-Akt/Akt, p-GSK-3β/GSK-3β, and β-catenin/β-actin in comparison with the corresponding values in the hypoxia group (all P < 0.05).@*Conclusion@#NBP improves the barrier function of BBB against ischemic injury by upregulating the expression of TJ proteins, possibly by reducing oxidative stress and activating the Akt/GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling pathway.

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