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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865979

ABSTRACT

This paper systematically discusses the construction of clinical skills information platform, including the goal, function design, module, content analysis of practical skills training and management system. The information platform for clinical skills training has played a significant role in innovating the teaching and management mode of clinical practice skills training, establishing a scientific assessment system, improving the clinical practice skills training system and enriching the teaching contents and means. At the same time, it has also promoted the communication between teachers and students during the clinical practice skills training, improved teachers' information-based teaching ability, and speeded up the construction of high-quality teachers.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697402

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of the longitudinal was to explore the level of posttraumatic growth (PTG) and the effect on rehabilitation outcome in patients who received renal transplant. Methods A questionnaire survey was carried out in patients after renal transplant in one month (T1) and six months (T2) in China during hospitalization. PTG was measured by the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), depression by the Patient Health Questionaire (PHQ-9), anxiety by the Generalised Anxiety Disorder Questionaire (GAD-7). Totally 180 patients were recruited, and 160 completed the follow-up measure. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS 20.0. Results There were 88.3% (158/180) patients reported positive PTG in T1, and 94.3% (151/160) in T2. The mean score of posttraumatic growth at T1 and T2 had no significant difference (T1:77.96 ± 16.36,T2:79.54 ± 17.58;t=-1.302,P=0.195). PTG was not significant to the recovery of physical symptoms (χ2Creatinine=0.504,P=0.841,χ2recover=0.609,P=0.777, χ2complication=6.131,P=0.150), while it affected the incidence of anxiety (χ2=7.541, P=0.021), but not related with the incidence of depression (χ2=3.926,P=0.130). Conclusions There is no difference in the level of PTG in time. PTG has no obvious effect on body health recovery for patients with renal transplantation after six months, while for the mental health, PTG has no effect on depression symptoms, but can reduce the occurrence of anxiety symptoms.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700633

ABSTRACT

Standardized residency training is the only way for medical students to grow into clin-icians. At present, the number of under training residents in China has reached 190000 (excluding special-ized degree graduate students). It is very important to manage each stage of this training well, which is an guarantee for improving the effect of standardized training. The residents who attend the training are com-posed of "unit personnel" and "intra-industry social personnel", and after standardized and homogenized training, the two types of students have officially become the new force in the medical industry after passing the final examination. In order to do a good job in the management of standardized residency training, to achieve fine management at all stages , this paper focuses on the differences between the two types of students, analyzes in detail the characteristics of these two types of students in the recruitment, training and welfare guarantee stages. "Unit personnel" are given the security, supervision and containment of the origi-nal unit, while due to the pressure of job-hunting and the uncertainty of future welfare, "intra-industry so-cial personnel" are equipped with more initiative. Based on advanced management experience in Beijing,Shanghai, Sichuan and Tianjin, this paper aims to summarize the key points in management of the two types of students in training, propose countermeasures to the difficulties in management, innovative management solutions, and provide reference for the optimization management of standardized residency training.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695681

ABSTRACT

Objective·To explore the impact and mechanism of disease management of caregivers on self-management behaviors among patients with chronic heart failure.Methods·A total of 231 dyads of outpatient chronic heart failure patients and their caregivers were assessed by caregivers contribution to self-care of heart failure index (CC-SCHFI),self-care of heart failure index (SCHFI) and Atlanta heart failure knowledge test (AHFKT-V2).IBM SPSS 22.0 was used to conduct the paired t test and Pearson correlation analysis.LISREL 8.80 was used to conduct the path analysis.Results·There were significant differences between caregivers and patients in maintenance behavior (P=0.015),management behavior (P=0.023) and self-efficacy (P=0.001).There was no correlation between caregiver self-efficacy and patient heart failure knowledge and skill,but other variables were positively correlated,and r value ranged from 0.129 to 0.575 (P<0.05).Patient self-management behaviors were directly influenced by caregiver disease management,patient heart failure knowledge and skill and patient self-efficacy,and indirectly influenced in part by caregiver disease management through patient heart failure knowledge and skill and patient self-efficacy.Conclusion·Caregiver disease management not only can directly influence patient self-management behaviors,but also can indirectly influence patient self-management behaviors through patient heart failure knowledge and skill and self-efficacy.Health care workers should carry out family-centered health education,and help caregivers actively participate in disease management of patients with heart failure;for those patients whose caregivers can't change their disease management behaviors,health care workers should also improve their self-management behaviors by improving paticnts' heart failure knowledge and skill and self-efficacy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843729

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the impact and mechanism of disease management of caregivers on self-management behaviors among patients with chronic heart failure. Methods: A total of 231 dyads of outpatient chronic heart failure patients and their caregivers were assessed by caregivers contribution to self-care of heart failure index (CC-SCHFI), self-care of heart failure index (SCHFI) and Atlanta heart failure knowledge test (AHFKT-V2). IBM SPSS 22.0 was used to conduct the paired t test and Pearson correlation analysis. LISREL 8.80 was used to conduct the path analysis. Results: There were significant differences between caregivers and patients in maintenance behavior (P=0.015), management behavior (P=0.023) and self-efficacy (P=0.001). There was no correlation between caregiver self-efficacy and patient heart failure knowledge and skill, but other variables were positively correlated, and r value ranged from 0.129 to 0.575 (P<0.05). Patient self-management behaviors were directly influenced by caregiver disease management, patient heart failure knowledge and skill and patient self-efficacy, and indirectly influenced in part by caregiver disease management through patient heart failure knowledge and skill and patient self-efficacy. Conclusion: Caregiver disease management not only can directly influence patient selfmanagement behaviors, but also can indirectly influence patient self-management behaviors through patient heart failure knowledge and skill and selfefficacy. Health care workers should carry out family-centered health education, and help caregivers actively participate in disease management of patients with heart failure; for those patients whose caregivers can't change their disease management behaviors, health care workers should also improve their selfmanagement behaviors by improving patients' heart failure knowledge and skill and self-efficacy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711826

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize our experience in surgical intervention of patients with mediastinal hemangioma.Methods From January 1994 to August 2017,18 patients underwent surgical treatment were diagnosed with mediastinal hemangioma in our department.There were 9 females and 9 males,with the average age of(50.9 ± 14.0) years.Seven patients were seen with signs and symptoms related to the tumor,and the other 11 patients had no symptom.Three cases were located in the anterior mediastinum,1 case in the middle mediastinum and 14 cases in the posterior mediastinum.All of the cases experienced chest computed tomography(unenhanced or contrast-enhanced CT scan).Most mediastinal hemangiomas manifested as well-marginated masses at CT.Seven hemangiomas showed heterogeneous enhancement at contrast-enhanced CT.Calcifications were demonstrated in 2 patients.Preoperative diagnosis was not confirmed in all patients.Two cases were suspected to be hemangioma preoperatively,other cases were suspected to be thymoma,neurofibroma or malignancy.Eight cases were treated by video-assisted thoracic surgery approach,3 of those converted to thoracotomy due to high risk of hemorrhage.Ten cases experienced traditional thoracotomy.Results Seventeen patients had total excision,but one experienced biopsy because of hemorrhage.There were no operative death and major complications.The average operation time was(105.0 ± 49.6) minutes,and the average blood loss was(111.7 ± 138.9) ml.The postoperative hospital stay was (4.7 ± 3.5) days on average.Follow-up time ranged from 1 to 18 months(median,9.6 months).No recurrence was found in the patients with total excision at the time of follow-up.The patient undergoing biopsy showed no progression of the disease for 12 months.Conclusion Mediastinal hemangiomas were rare tumors,without relatively specific clinical manifestation.Calcification and phleboliths on CT scan were helpful in suggesting the vascular nature of the mass.Preoperative diagnosis of mediastinal hemangioma was usually very difficult.Mediastinal hemangiomas were mainly treated by surgical approach and had good prognosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711760

ABSTRACT

Objective Evaluation of self-control suspension under the double hook system used to xiphoid thoracoscope fully the effect of thymectomy.Methods There were 17 cases of thymic adenoma diagnosed before surgery in November to December 2016,including 7 males and 10 females,aged(57 ± 10).The total thymomectomy was performed with a double hook method with a double hook procedure.Results All the 17 patients had smooth operation,and no clear hook related complications were observed after the operation.The operation was convenient and the thymus was completely removed.Conclusion It is worth populating that the double pull hook method is convenient and safe to remove the whole thymus gland.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310837

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects and molecular mechanisms of the combination between total Astragalus extract (TAE) and total Panax notoginseng saponins (TPNS) against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into sham-operated group, model group, TAE (110 mg/kg) group, TPNS (115 mg/kg) group, TAE-TPNS combination group and Edaravone (4 mg/kg) group, treated for 4 days, then, cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury was established by bilateral common carotid artery (CCA) ligation for 20 min followed by reperfusion for 1 and 24 h.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TPNS could increase adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level, TAE and TAE-TPNS combination increased ATP, adenosine diphosphate (ADP) contents and Na-K-ATPase activity, and the effects of TAE-TPNS combination were stronger than those of TAE or TPNS alone after reperfusion for 1 h. After reperfusion for 24 h, TAE, TPNS and TAE-TPNS combination significantly increased neurocyte survival rate and decreased the apoptosis rate as well as down-regulated the expression of phosphorylated c-June N-terminal kinase1/2 (p-JNK1/2), cytochrome C (Cyt C), cysteine aspartic acid-specific protease (Caspase)-9 and Caspase-3. Furthermore, the effects in TAE-TPNS combination were better than those in TAE or TPNS alone.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The combination of TAE 110 mg/kg and TPNS 115 mg/kg could strengthen protective effects on cerebral ischemia injury, the mechanism underlying might be related to improving jointly the early energy metabolism, and relieving the delayed apoptosis via inhibiting the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway of JNK signal transduction.</p>

9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 296-300, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876946

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of hand-transmitted vibration exposure on the finger vibratory and pain perception thresholds among drill workers in a gold mine. METHODS: By the judgement sampling method,134 male drill workers from a gold mine in the northern area of China were selected as the hand-transmitted vibration exposure group and102 fit-up workers without vibration exposure in the same mine were chosen as the control group. The finger vibratory perception thresholds,the pain perception thresholds and the occupational health examination were conducted and analyzed in these two groups. Based on the self-report with vibration-induced white finger( VWF),the workers of hand-transmitted vibration exposure group were divided into non-VWF subgroup( 105 workers) and VWF subgroup( 29 workers). RESULTS: The incidence of finger numbness,pain and self-reported white finger in the exposure group were significantly higher than those in the control group( P < 0. 05). Compared with the control group,the vibratory perception thresholds of the index finger,middle finger and ring finger of the right hand among the vibration exposure group workers were significantly higher( P < 0. 05),but there was no significant difference in the vibratory perception thresholds of the left ring finger between the two groups( P > 0. 05). The vibratory perception thresholds of both ring fingers,right index finger and right middle-finger in VWF subgroup were higher than those in control group( P < 0. 05). But no significant differences was found in the above 4 indexes in these two groups after compared to those of control group,respectively( P > 0. 05). The vibratory perception thresholds of left ring finger,right ring finger and right index finger in VWF subgroup were all higher than those in non-VWF subgroup( P < 0. 05),but the vibratory perception thresholds of right middle finger in these two groups showed no significant difference( P > 0. 05). The pain perception thresholds of index finger,middle finger and ring finger in both hands of the vibration exposure group workers were all higher than those in control group( P < 0. 05). The pain perception thresholds of middle finger and ring finger in both hands of the VWF subgroup and non-VWF subgroup were higher than those of control group( P < 0. 05). CONCLUSION: The hand-transmitted vibration can increase the thresholds of finger vibratory and pain perception in drill workers. The finger sensory perception examination could be used to assist the early detection of peripheral nerve damage induced by hand-transmitted vibration.

10.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1598-1600,1604, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604005

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether intravenous injection of hydrogen‐rich saline having the protective effect on sodium taurocholate induced severe acute pancreatitis(SAP) associated lung injury(APALI) in rats and its possible mechanisms .Methods Fifty‐four healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into sham‐operation group (Sham group) ,model group (SAP+ NS group) and hydrogen water treatment group (SAP + HRS group) ,and each group was subdivided into 6 ,12 ,24 h subgroups .Six rats were killed at each time point for collecting serum ,lung tissue and pancreas tissue .Serum TNF‐αand IL‐1βlevels ,lung wet /dry weight ratio ,expression of TNF‐αmRNA and IL‐1βmRNA in the lung tissue were detected .The pathological evaluation of pancreas and lung tissue injury was performed .Results (1)The levels of TNF‐α and IL‐1β in serum ,pancreas and lung tissue pathological scores ,TNF‐αmRNA and IL‐1βmRNA expression levels in the lung tissue and lung wet dry weight ratio at the time points of 6 , 12 ,24 h in the SAP+NS group and the SAP+ HRS group were higher than those in the sham group (P<0 .05) .(2) Compared with the SAP+NS group ,the levels of serum TNF‐α,TNF‐αmRNA expression level in the lung tissue and lung wet dry weight ra‐tio at all time points in the SAP+ HRS group were lower(P<0 .05);the levels of serum IL‐1β,pancreas and lung tissue pathologi‐cal score and IL‐1β‐mRNA expression at 6 h in the lung tissue had no statistical difference between the SAP+NS group and SAP+HRS group ,but which at time points of 12 ,24 h in the SAP+ HRS group were lower than those in the SAP+NS group(P<0 .05) . Conclusion HRS realize the protection on APALI possibly via its elective anti‐oxidation action for inhibiting oxidative stress injury related cytokines expression .

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464663

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes of different echocardiographic indices in patients receiving catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation with different outcomes. Methods 75 patients received catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation during the period of January 2012 to February 2014. Before and 6 monthes after ablation , all the patients were examined left atrial volume index (LAVi), left atrium pressure (LAP), and left atrial ejection force (LAF) with echocardiography. Then after 6 months, according to the outcomes of the procedure, we divided the patients into two groups and compared the changes of these three parameters. Results In sinus group, LAVi decreased while LAF increased after treatment [LAVi: (29.3 ± 1.9) vs. (41.2 ± 9.3), LAF:(1.31 ± 0.61) (kg·cm)/s2 vs. (0.83 ± 0.22) (kg·cm)/s2, P 0.05]; while in recurrent group, there were no changes in LAVi, LAP, and LAF after treatment (P > 0.05). Conclusions Radiofrequency catheter ablation is safe and effective in treatment of atrial fibrillation, resulting in significant improvements in left atrial volume and cardiac function.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 682-685, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318321

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current status and relevant factors influencing the duration of breastfeeding in rural areas in China.Methods Children under two years old were selected as subjects from the study on "Physical growth among the under 7-years-old children from the rural areas of ten provinces in China in 2006".Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the survival curves and Cox multivariate stepwise regression was used to identify the relevant factors on the duration of breastfeeding.Results Median of the duration for breastfeeding was 12 months in rural areas of 10 provinces in China.Results of this study suggested that factors as sex,birth order,areas of residency,nationality,initiation of formula,parents' education levels,maternal services and famliy income were correlated with the duration of breastfeeding.Conclusion Duration of breastfeeding among rural children under 2-years of age was short in the 10 provinces of China.Factors as level of education,residential areas and family income of the parents as well as sex of the chilaren were correlated with the duration of breastfeeding.Intervention program should be implemented to improve the current status on breastfeeding.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271675

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To demonstrate the clinical outcomes of maximal medical therapy(MMT) and functional endoscopic sinus surgery+ maximal medical therapy (FESS+MMT) for moderate to severe chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) in China, to provide clinical evidence for treatment recommendation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A prospective multicenter case control study consisting of 90 strictly selected CRSsNP patients were carried out by ENT Hospital of SUN Yet-sen university and 7 other university affiliated hospitals across China from March 2011 to October 2012. All patients were selected to MMT group or FESS+MMT group followed by 3 months treatment and 6 months follow up. Treatment efficacy evaluation indicators included improvement of visual analogue scale (VAS) score, quality of life, CT score and post-operative nasal endoscopic evaluations. SPSS16.0 software was used to analyze the data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients enrolled complied with moderate to severe CRSsNP evaluation criteria. There were no significant differences found in the baseline data between two groups (P > 0.05). (1) At the 3 time points (pre-treatment, 3 months and 6 mongths after treatment) , VAS overall symptom score in MMT group were 6.52 ± 2.61, 2.66 ± 2.10, 2.40 ± 1.56, significant differences were found among them (t value were 2.083 and 2.295, both P < 0.05); in FESS+MMT group the values were 6.99 ± 2.70, 0.95 ± 0.84, 0.60 ± 0.81, significant differences were found among them (t value were 3.582 and 5.196, both P < 0.05); SNOT-20 score in MMT group were 38.61 ± 17.36, 18.59 ± 14.04, 18.40 ± 8.91, significant differences were found among them (t value were 2.737 and 2.657, both P < 0.05); in FESS+MMT group the values were 38.21 ± 19.61, 5.94 ± 5.01, 2.65 ± 2.31, significant differences were found among them (t value were 3.247, 3.319, both P < 0.05). (2) FESS+MMT group relative to the MMT group in VAS overall symptom score and quality of life improvements appeared earlier and were more pronounced. (3) Overall treatment efficacy showed that in MMT group: complete control 14 cases (30.4%), partially control 31 cases (67.4%), uncontrolled 1 cases (2.2%); In FESS+MMT group: complete control 17 cases (38.6%), partially control 26 cases (59.1%), uncontrolled 1 cases (2.3%). (4) Patients' satisfaction survey showed that the number of the patients who were very satisfied with the efficacy in the FESS+MMT group were 2 times higher than the MMT group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>(1) For moderate to severe CRSsNP, both MMT and FESS+MMT treatment can effectively control the overall symptoms and classified symptoms, reduce CT scores and significantly improve the quality of life, the ineffective rate is less than 5%. (2) FESS+MMT group in terms of improving symptoms and the onset time are better than MMT group, especially in improving the stuffy nose, head and face fullness, and mental and physical symptoms are better than MMT group. (3) FESS+MMT group showed better results in patient satisfaction survey compared to the MMT group. Therefore for moderate to severe CRSsNP patients, FESS+MMT therapy could be recommended as the preferred treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Chronic Disease , Endoscopy , Humans , Nasal Polyps , General Surgery , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Sinusitis , General Surgery
14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 131-134, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269204

ABSTRACT

Objective To analysis the influencing factors on underweight and stunting among children aged 0-3 years in rural areas from ten provinces in China.Methods Children under study were identified by multi-stage stratified cluster from rural areas of ten provinces in China.The ascertainment methods mainly included questionnaire and anthropometric measurements.Results There were 58 926 children under investigation,with 50.91% were boys.The overall rates on underweight and stunting were 5.05% and 10.49% respectively.The rate in the 6 month-olds (1.97%,3.79% ) was the lowest,while the highest were in the 24 month-olds (7.80%) and the 36 month-olds (16.83%).Age,sex,birth weight,gestational weeks as well as maternal education and fathers' schooling were factors significantly related to childhood underweight and stunting (P<0.0001).Conclusion The status of underweight and stunting among children aged 0-3 years in rural areas was impressive,with birth weight was the key factor influencing the growth of children.Perinatal health care should be improved to promote the growth of children.

15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1868-1870, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346393

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate and analyze the clinicopathological features and choice of treatment for delayed inhaled bronchial foreign bodies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective review is presented of patients with delayed inhaled bronchial foreign bodies treated by pulmonary resection between January 1980 and June 2010. There were 17 patients (12 male and 5 female). Mean age was 36 years (ranging 10 to 66 years). The mean interval of onset was 2 years (ranging 3 months to 8 years). Confirmed diagnosis before surgery in 8 cases and 9 cases were misdiagnosed as other diseases. Surgical procedures included right lower lobectomy in 4 cases, right middle lobectomy in 3 cases, right lower and middle lobectomy in 1 case, right lobe lobectomy and rid resection drainage in 1 case, right lobe lobectomy and pleurectomy in 1 case, video-assisted right lobe partial resection in 1 case, left pneumonectomy in 4 cases, left lower lobectomy in 1 cases and left upper lobectomy in 1 cases.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>One case died of pulmonary infection and 2 cases complicated of BPF after operation. Foreign bodies were localized in the right bronchial tree in 11 cases, the left in 6 cases. The majority of the foreign bodies were vegetable origin.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The diagnosis rate of delayed inhaled bronchial foreign bodies should be improved in order avoiding of pulmonary resection. It is necessary to perform pulmonary resection timely if the pulmonary infection is evident for fear that the infection progress into severe infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bronchi , Child , Female , Foreign Bodies , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pneumonectomy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 161-165, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252801

ABSTRACT

Stimulated by retinoic acid gene 8 (STRA8) is specifically expressed in mammalian germ cells before their transition from mitosis to meiosis. STRA8 expression is observed only in the postnatal testis. Single nucleotide polymorphisms but no mutations were identified in the coding or proximal promoter region of STRA8 in some gonadal dysgenesis patients. Studies on the teratocarcinoma cells and embryonic stem cells (ESC) transfected with STRA8-EGFP, a fusion construct harboring the promoter and coding region of the enhanced green fluorescence protein, have shown that the STRA8-EGFP positive cells may undergo meiosis, develop into sperm and generate live offspring mice. STRA8-EGFP positive cells derived from the bone marrow are able to differentiate into spermatogenic cells, but arrest in the premeiotic stage, and those from the adult mouse testis, when cultured in ESC culture conditions, may acquire ESC properties, pluripotency and redifferentiation capacity and act as a new stem cell source for tissue regeneration. The presence of oocytes renewed in postnatal mouse ovaries calls in question the absence of STRA8 in postnatal mouse ovaries.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Animals , Biomarkers , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Female , Germ Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Mice , Oocytes , Metabolism , Proteins , Metabolism , Testis , Cell Biology , Metabolism
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1545-1549, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250597

ABSTRACT

Our work focuses on the quality control and structural identification of Photocyanine as a cancer therapeutic photosensitizer. Photocyanine is a mixture which contains four ZnPcS2P2 type substituted Phthalocyanine isomers. In order to obtain the single component from Photocyanine, the mixture of four isomers possessing the similar structures and chemical property had been isolated and purified. An HPLC method with a mixture of methanol-acetonitrile-ion-pair buffer as the mobile phase was applied to isolate the four isomers by means of a semi-preparative C18 column. To remove the salts which were mixed in the preparative product, a SPE C18 column was used to separate the salts by elution with water and then the marker component was eluted by methanol. Subsequently, a column of Sephadex LH-20 gel was applied to elute the crudes with methanol to desalination. The purity of the isolated compound was measured by TLC and four different isomers of phthalocyanine were obtained. The chemical structures of them were elucidated by 1H NMR spectra, gCOSY and NOE1D. An HPLC-DAD method was developed for simultaneously determination of four major isomers in Photocyanine with a C18 column (Grace Smart, 150 mm x 4.6 mm ID, 5 microm). The separation was carried out with a gradient program at a flow rate of 1.0 mL x min(-1). The mobile phase was a mixture of acetonitrile and ion-pair buffer (0.01 mol x L(-1) hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium bromide and 0.01 mol x L(-1) potassium dihydrogen phosphate, adjusted the pH value to 6.8 with potassium hydroxide solution). The resolution values of four isomers were 2.5, 1.20, 1.33, and 1.8. Linear regression analysis for four compounds was performed by the external standard method. Four constituents were linear in the concentration range of 0.005 to 10 microg. The values of relative standard deviation (RSD) of intra-day were 0.12%, 0.66%, 0.99%, and 1.21%, respectively. The limits of detection for four compounds were 15 ng, 20 ng, 12 ng, and 25 ng, respectively. This method was simple, accurate and reproducible. The developed method can be successfully applied to analyze isomers in Photocyanine.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Indoles , Chemistry , Isomerism , Molecular Structure , Organometallic Compounds , Chemistry , Photochemotherapy , Photosensitizing Agents , Chemistry , Quality Control
18.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 51-55, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292423

ABSTRACT

Stra8 (stimulated by retinoic acid gene 8) is a specific expression gene in mammalian germ cells' transition from mitosis to meiosis. Stra8 expresses in an anterior to posterior wave from embryonic days 12.5 to 16.5 in germ cells of XX gonads in mice. Meiosis germ cells are observed 1 day after Stra8 expression, which begins in the testis after birth and triggers meiosis entry. Germ cell sex determination is directed by a difference in the timing of entry into meiosis in embryonic gonads. The position of retinoic acid production and CYP26b1 expression that metabolizes RA to an inactive form regulates Stra8 expression. Although cytoplasmic protein Stra8 is necessary for the entry of germ cells into meiotic prophase, the function of the protein remains unknown.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Animals , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Metabolism , Female , Gene Expression , Germ Cells , Cell Biology , Physiology , Male , Meiosis , Mice , Proteins , Genetics , Physiology , Retinoic Acid 4-Hydroxylase , Spermatogenesis , Genetics , Tretinoin , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245904

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of nasal mometasone furoate on moderate to severe allergic rhinitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients with moderate to severe allergic rhinitis were enrolled and received mometasone furoate nasal spray 200 microg once daily for four weeks. Four hundreds and sixty-three patients completed the study. We weekly interviewed the patients to evaluate the symptoms, and the affection of disease on night sleep and daily life. Mini Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (Mini-RQLQ) and Nocturnal Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (NRQLQ) were used to evaluate the quality of life.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The individual and total symptomatic scores of week 1, week 2 and week 4 decreased compared with baseline. The scores of Mini-RQLQ and NRQLQ of week 1, week 2 and week 4 decreased compared with baseline too. The scores of the next visit were significantly lower than those of the previous visit (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>A four-week administration of mometasone furoate nasal spray can effectively treat allergic rhinitis.</p>


Subject(s)
Administration, Intranasal , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Anti-Allergic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mometasone Furoate , Pregnadienediols , Therapeutic Uses , Quality of Life , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial , Drug Therapy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 391-396, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316714

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to investigate the effect of proto-oncogene c-src on the viability of rat spermatogonial stem cells from 9 day-old rat in vitro. MTT method was used to observe the viability of the spermatogonial stem cells treated with antisense c-src oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) in vitro; RT-PCR was utilized to observe the expression of c-src mRNA and Western blot was used to observe the protein expressions of pp60c-src and phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (p-STAT3). Compared with that in control group, the viability of spermatogonial stem cells decreased by 8.1% (P<0.05) and the expression of c-src mRNA decreased significantly after treatment with 10 μmol/L antisense c-src ODNs for 12 h. Compared with that in the control group, the protein expressions of pp60c-src and p-STAT3 decreased by 33.8% and 45.3% (both P<0.01), respectively, in the spermatogonial stem cells after being transfected with antisense c-src ODNs. The results suggest that proto-oncogene c-src regulates the viability of rat spermatogonial stem cells through p-STAT3.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Genes, src , Male , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins pp60(c-src) , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Rats , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Spermatogonia , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Transfection
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