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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 244-247, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920760

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the serum uric acid levels among residents living in Balikun County, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from 2018 to 2021, so as to provide insights into local hyperuricemia control.@*Methods@#The residents at ages of 20 to 69 years undergoing physical examinations in Balikun County Hospital during the period from 2018 to 2021 were enrolled. Their age, gender, and history of medication and disease were collected, and serum uric acid levels were measured. The gender- and age-specific prevalence of hyperuricemia and hypouricemia was descriptively analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 3 097 subjects were enrolled, which included 1 210 males ( 39.07% ) and 1 887 females ( 60.93% ) and had a mean age of ( 46.12±12.84 ) years. The overall mean serum uric acid was ( 260.41±71.99 ) μmol/L, and the mean serum uric acid was ( 298.22±69.57 ) μmol/L in men and ( 236.17±62.44 ) μmol/L in women. The serum uric acid level appeared a tendency towards a rise with ages both in whole study subjects and in women ( P<0.05 ). The overall prevalence of hyperuricemia was 4.26%, with 4.63% prevalence in men and 4.03% in women. The prevalence of hyperuricemia appeared a tendency towards a rise with ages both in whole study subjects and in women ( P<0.05 ). The overall prevalence of hypouricemia was 0.71%, with 0.25% prevalence in men and 1.01% in women; the prevalence of moderate hypouricemia was 11.11%, with 2.56% prevalence in men and 16.59% in women.@*Conclusions@#Low level of serum uric acid and prevalence of hyperuricemia is detected among residents living in Balikun County. Monitoring of serum uric acid is recommended to be intensified among men.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1148-1162, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929354

ABSTRACT

Combination of passive targeting with active targeting is a promising approach to improve the therapeutic efficacy of nanotherapy. However, most reported polymeric systems have sizes above 100 nm, which limits effective extravasation into tumors that are poorly vascularized and have dense stroma. This will, in turn, limit the overall effectiveness of the subsequent uptake by tumor cells via active targeting. In this study, we combined the passive targeting via ultra-small-sized gemcitabine (GEM)-based nanoparticles (NPs) with the active targeting provided by folic acid (FA) conjugation for enhanced dual targeted delivery to tumor cells and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). We developed an FA-modified prodrug carrier based on GEM (PGEM) to load doxorubicin (DOX), for co-delivery of GEM and DOX to tumors. The co-delivery system showed small particle size of ∼10 nm in diameter. The ligand-free and FA-targeted micelles showed comparable drug loading efficiency and a sustained DOX release profile. The FA-conjugated micelles effectively increased DOX uptake in cultured KB cancer cells that express a high level of folate receptor (FR), but no obvious increase was observed in 4T1.2 breast cancer cells that have a low-level expression of FR. Interestingly, in vivo, systemic delivery of FA-PGEM/DOX led to enhanced accumulation of the NPs in tumor and drastic reduction of tumor growth in a murine 4T1.2 breast cancer model. Mechanistic study showed that 4T1.2 tumor grown in mice expressed a significantly higher level of FOLR2, which was selectively expressed on TAMs. Thus, targeting of TAM may also contribute to the improved in vivo targeted delivery and therapeutic efficacy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907586

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlations between multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT) atypical pleomorphic signs and pathological findings of lung metastases.Methods:From January 2012 to July 2019, the MSCT chest imaging data of 168 metastatic tumor of lung from the General Hospital of Central Theater Command of the Chinese People′s Liberation Army and Shaanxi Provincial Tumor Hospital were collected. According to the pathological type, they were divided into metastatic adenocarcinoma group ( n=88) and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma group ( n=80). The atypical imaging signs of MSCT of the two groups were observed and recorded, and classified after labeling one by one. The difference of atypical MSCT imaging features between the two groups was compared, and the correlations between lesion size and atypical imaging features of MSCT in the metastatic adenocarcinoma group and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma group were analyzed. Results:The spicule sign in metastatic adenocarcinoma and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma were 61 (69.32%) and 28 (35.00%), with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=19.811, P<0.001). The pleural depression sign in the two groups were 48 (54.55%) and 16 (20.00%), and there was a statistically significant difference ( χ2=21.206, P<0.001). The vacuole/cavity sign in the two groups were 10 (11.36%) and 61 (76.25%), and there was a statistically significant difference ( χ2=72.303, P<0.001). The air bronchial sign in the two groups were 43 (48.86%) and 13 (16.25%), with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=20.057, P<0.001). The halo sign/ground glass shadow in the two groups were 58 (65.91%) and 37 (46.25%), with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=6.591, P=0.010). The results of the Spearman rank correlation analysis indicated a positive correlation between the size of metastatic adenocarcinoma and spicule sign, pleural depression sign ( r=0.270, P=0.011; r=0.226, P=0.035). There was no correlation between the nodule size and atypical MSCT imaging features in metastatic squamous cell carcinoma (all P>0.05). Conclusion:The atypical MSCT of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma are mostly spicule sign, pleural depression sign, air bronchial sign and halo sign/ground glass shadow. The characteristic atypical imaging of metastatic squamous cell carcinoma is vacuole/cavity sign. The spicule sign and pleural depression sign are related to the size of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma nodules.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907573

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of MRI in benign and malignant breast lesions with cluster ring enhancement.Methods:The imaging signs of 68 patients with clustered ring enhancement who underwent MRI examination due to clinical palpation, ultrasound or X-ray examination for suspected malignant lesions in Tangdu Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from October 2017 to July 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The differences between benign and malignant lesions in the distribution pattern, T2 lipid suppression signal intensity, time-signal intensity curve (TIC), ductal dilatation, peripheral gland edema, pectoralis major edema were compared using χ2 test or Mann-Whitney U test, and the risk factors of MRI imaging signs of malignant breast lesions were analyzed using binomial logistic regression model. Results:There were 68 cluster ring enhancement lesions in 68 patients, all of which were single lesions, among which 18 cases (26.5%) were benign, and the common lesions were plasma cell mastitis (9 cases). Fifty cases (73.5%) were malignant, and the most common type was invasive breast cancer (40 cases). Imaging features of plasma cell mastitis showed cluster ring enhancement, regional distribution, slightly high signal on fat suppression T2 image, type Ⅲ TIC, with ductal dilatation, edema of peripheral glands and pectoralis major. Imaging features of invasive breast cancer showed cluster ring enhancement, regional distribution, iso-signal on fat suppression T2 image, type Ⅲ TIC, no ductal dilatation, and edema of peripheral gland and pectoralis major. There were statistically significant differences in the intensity of fat-suppression T2 signal ( Z=3.003, P=0.003) and duct dilatation ( χ2=7.174, P=0.007) between benign and malignant lesions. There were no significant differences in distribution ( χ2=5.510, P=0.313), TIC type ( χ2=3.538, P=0.133), peripheral gland edema ( χ2=0.164, P=0.686) and pectoralis major edema ( χ2<0.001, P>0.999). The analysis of binomial logistic regression model showed that fat-suppression T2 iso-signal ( OR=0.182, 95% CI: 0.036-0.914, P=0.039) and no ductal dilatation ( OR=0.198, 95% CI: 0.047-0.846, P=0.029) were the risk factors for breast malignant lesions. Conclusion:Breast cancer MRI findings of cluster ring enhancement, fat-suppression T2 iso-signal and no ductal dilatation are related risk factors for malignant breast lesions. MRI is helpful for early detection and diagnosis of breast lesions.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905902

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of oxymatrine (OM) combined with bevacizumab ( BV ) on the proliferation, invasion, and migration of breast cancer MCF-7 cells and explore the mechanism of OM in regulating BV-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) based on the Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin signaling pathway. Method:The effect of different concentrations of OM(0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, 8.0, 16.0 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>)and BV(0, 0.25×10<sup>-4</sup>, 0.50×10<sup>-4</sup>, 1.00×10<sup>-4</sup>, 2.00×10<sup>-4</sup>, 4.00×10<sup>-4</sup>, and 8.00×10<sup>-4</sup> mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>)on the proliferation of MCF-7 cells were detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8)assay. The effect of OM(4.0 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) combined with BV(2.00×10<sup>-4</sup> mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>)on the invasion and migration of MCF-7 cells were observed in transwell and scratch repair tests. Western blot was conducted to investigate the effect of OM(4.0 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>)combined with BV (2.00×10<sup>-4</sup> mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) on proliferation-related proteins in MCF-7 cells, followed by the detection of the expression levels of Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin signaling pathway- and EMT-related proteins. Result:Compared with the blank group, OM (2.0,4.0,8.0,16.0 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7 cells in a concentration-dependent manner (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while BV did not show the inhibitory effect against the proliferation of MCF-7 cells. The inhibitory effect of the combination of the two drugs on the proliferation of MCF-7 cells was not significantly different from that of OM. Compared with the blank group, OM significantly reduced the migration distance of MCF-7 cells and the number of invaded cells(<italic>P</italic><0.01), while BV increased the migration distance of MCF-7 cells and the number of invaded cells (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with BV, its combination with OM significantly inhibited the invasion and migration of MCF-7 cells induced by BV (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the blank group, both OM and the combined medication obviously inhibited the phosphorylation of proliferation-related protein kinase B(Akt) and extracellular-signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2)in MCF-7 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and down-regulated the protein expression levels of <italic>β</italic>-catenin, proto-oncogene (c-Myc), CD44, and G<sub>1</sub>/S-specific cyclin D<sub>1</sub> in Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin signaling pathway (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Besides, OM and the combination of two drugs both significantly reduced the protein expression levels of calcium-dependent cell adhesion protein <italic>N</italic>-cadherin and Vimentin in EMT, whereas increased the expression of calcium-dependent cell adhesion protein E-cadherin(<italic>P</italic><0.01). However, the expression of the above-mentioned proteins in the BV group was reversed (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:After the combination with BV, OM plays an anti-breast cancer role by effectively inhibiting the activation of Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin pathway induced by BV and reversing EMT.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4351-4362, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921511

ABSTRACT

To explore the function of a heat shock transcription factor gene (HSFB1) and its promoter in Amorphophallus, a 1 365 bp DNA sequence was obtained by homologous cloning from Amorphophallus albus. The gene expression level of AaHSFB1 determined by qRT-PCR indicated that AaHSFB1 gene is more sensitive to heat stress. The expression level of AaHSFB1 in roots increased followed by a decrease upon heat treatment, and the highest expression level was observed after heat treatment for 1 h. The expression level of AaHSFB1 in leaves reached the highest after heat treatment for 12 h. The expression level in bulbs did not change greatly during the heat treatment. Subcellular localization analysis showed that AaHSFB1 protein was localized in the nucleus. A 1 509 bp DNA sequence which contains the AaHSFB1 promoter was obtained by FPNI-PCR method. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the promoter contained heat stress response elements HSE and a plurality of cis-acting elements related to plant development and stress response. A prAaHSFB1::GUS fusion expression vector was constructed to further analyze the function of AaHSFB1 promoter. The expression vector was transformed into Arabidopsis thaliana by Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated method, and GUS staining analysis on transgenic plants after heat treatment was performed. The results showed that AaHSFB1 promoter had very high activity in the leaves. Therefore, we speculate that AaHSFB1 may play an important role in the stress resistance of A. albus, especially when encountering heat stress.


Subject(s)
Amorphophallus/metabolism , Arabidopsis/genetics , Cloning, Molecular , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Plants, Genetically Modified/genetics
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2647-2655, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921147

ABSTRACT

Cell death occurs in various tissues and organs in the body. It is a physiological or pathological process that has different effects. It is of great significance in maintaining the morphological function of cells and clearing abnormal cells. Pyroptosis, apoptosis, and necrosis are all modes of cell death that have been studied extensively by many experts and scholars, including studies on their effects on the liver, kidney, the heart, other organs, and even the whole body. The heart, as the most important organ of the body, should be a particular focus. This review summarizes the mechanisms underlying the various cell death modes and the relationship between the various mechanisms and heart diseases. The current research status for heart therapy is discussed from the perspective of pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cardiovascular Diseases , Humans , Necrosis , Pyroptosis
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887992

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate metabolic activities of psoralidin in human liver microsomes( HLM) and intestinal microsomes( HIM),and to identify cytochrome P450 enzymes( CYPs) and UDP-glucuronosyl transferases( UGTs) involved in psoralidin metabolism as well as species differences in the in vitro metabolism of psoralen. First,after incubation serial of psoralidin solutions with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate( NADPH) or uridine 5'-diphosphate-glucuronic acid( UDPGA)-supplemented HLM or HIM,two oxidic products( M1 and M2) and two conjugated glucuronides( G1 and G2) were produced in HLM-mediated incubation system,while only M1 and G1 were detected in HIM-supplemented system. The CLintfor M1 in HLM and HIM were 104. 3,and57. 6 μL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1),respectively,while those for G1 were 543. 3,and 75. 9 μL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1),respectively. Furthermore,reaction phenotyping was performed to identify the main contributors to psoralidin metabolism after incubation of psoralidin with NADPH-supplemented twelve CYP isozymes( or UDPGA-supplemented twelve UGT enzymes),respectively. The results showed that CYP1 A1( 39. 5 μL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)),CYP2 C8( 88. 0 μL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)),CYP2 C19( 166. 7 μL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)),and CYP2 D6( 9. 1 μL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)) were identified as the main CYP isoforms for M1,whereas CYP2 C19( 42. 0 μL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)) participated more in producing M2. In addition,UGT1 A1( 1 184. 4 μL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)),UGT1 A7( 922. 8 μL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)),UGT1 A8( 133. 0 μL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)),UGT1 A9( 348. 6 μL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)) and UGT2 B7( 118. 7 μL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)) played important roles in the generation of G1,while UGT1 A9( 111. 3 μL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)) was regarded as the key UGT isozyme for G2. Moreover,different concentrations of psoralidin were incubated with monkey liver microsomes( MkLM),rat liver microsomes( RLM),mice liver microsomes( MLM),dog liver microsomes( DLM) and mini-pig liver microsomes( MpLM),respectively. The obtained CLintwere used to evaluate the species differences.Phase Ⅰ metabolism and glucuronidation of psoralidinby liver microsomes showed significant species differences. In general,psoralidin underwent efficient hepatic and intestinal metabolisms. CYP1 A1,CYP2 C8,CYP2 C19,CYP2 D6 and UGT1 A1,UGT1 A7,UGT1 A8,UGT1 A9,UGT2 B7 were identified as the main contributors responsible for phase Ⅰ metabolism and glucuronidation,respectively. Rat and mini-pig were considered as the appropriate model animals to investigate phase Ⅰ metabolism and glucuronidation,respectively.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzofurans , Coumarins , Dogs , Glucuronides , Glucuronosyltransferase/metabolism , Kinetics , Mice , Microsomes, Liver/metabolism , Phenotype , Rats , Species Specificity , Swine , Swine, Miniature/metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1257-1260, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886678

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence and associated factors of eating out among children and adolescents aged 6-17 in Hebei Province, and to explore the association between eating out and overweight/obesity.@*Methods@#Data came from Children and Nurse Nutrition Health Monitoring of China during 2016-2017. Questionnaire surveys and anthropometric measures was conducted among 3 330 children aged 6-17 in 12 survey sites. Multivariate Logistics stepwise regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of eating out and the relationship between eating out and overweight/obesity.@*Results@#The proportion of eating out was 16.19%, and the rate of overweight and obesity was 29.43%. Multivariate analysis showed that the older children (junior high school students:OR=1.36; high school students:OR=3.57, both P<0.05) and adolescents from highincome families (10 000~<20 000 CNY:OR=1.48; ≥20 000 CNY:OR=2.93, both P<0.05) were more likely to eat out. Children and adolescents living in rural areas (OR=0.20, P<0.01), nononlychild (OR=0.76, P=0.02), day school students (OR=0.21, P<0.01), and the primary caregivers of the elderly (OR=0.69, P=0.03) were less likely to eat out. In addition, eating out was statistically associated with an increased risk of overweight and obesity (OR=1.31, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Eating out is common among children and adolescents aged 6-17 in Hebei Province. Residency, age, household income, onechild family, boarding and and eating out behaviors of primary caregivers are associated with eating out among children and adolescents. Eating out may increase the risk of overweight/obesity in children.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884333

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the values of right ventricular free wall longitudinal strain (RVFWLS) by three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3D-STE) in predicting the degree of RV myocardial fibrosis (MF) in patients with end-stage heart failure (HF).Methods:A total of 102 consecutive patients with end-stage HF undergoing heart transplantation were enrolled in the Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from June 2018 to December 2019. Echocardiographic examinations were performed in these patients before heart transplantation. The conventional RV function parameters were obtained, including fractional area change, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion(TAPSE), myocardial performance index, tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity(Tricuspid s′). Two-dimensional (2D) RVFWLS was calculated by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE). Right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic volume (RVEDV), RV end-systolic volume (RVESV), RV stroke volume (RVSV), RV ejection fraction (RVEF) and 3D-RVFWLS were measured by 3D-STE. The degree of MF was quantified using Masson′s trichrome stain in RV myocardial samples after heart transplantation. Patients were divided into mild, moderate, and severe groups according to the degree of MF on histology, then echocardiographic parameters were compared among the 3 groups. Pearson correlation analysis and the multiple linear regression analysis between echocardiographic parameters and RV MF were analyzed.Results:Compared with patients with mild and moderate MF, 3D-RVFWLS, 2D-RVFWLS and conventional parameters of RV function were significantly decreased in patients with severe MF.RV MF strongly correlated with 3D-RVFWLS ( r=-0.71, P<0.01), modestly correlated with 2D-RVFWLS ( r=-0.53, P<0.01), and weakly correlated with RVFAC, TAPSE, RVEF, Tricuspid s′, RVSV ( r=-0.47, -0.44, -0.35, -0.29, -0.38; all P<0.01). 3D-RVFWLS correlated best with the degree of MF compared with 2D-RVFWLS and conventional RV function parameters ( r=-0.71 vs r=-0.29~-0.53, all P<0.05). A stepwise multivariate analysis showed that 3D-RVFWLS was independently associated with RV MF (β=1.554, P<0.01, adjusted R2=0.539). Conclusions:3D-RVFWLS can provide an important imaging reference for detecting the degree of RV MF in patients with end-stage HF.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 291-294, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862429

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To compare the visual related quality of life between patients who underwent binocular and unilateral AT LISA tri 839MP intraocular lens(IOL)implantation.<p>METHODS: A prospective observational study. Forty-five patients with cataract phacoemulsification combined with IOL implantation were collected in our hospital from may 2018 to August 2019 were collected. According to whether trifocal intraocular lens(AT LISA tri 839MP)was implanted in both eyes, it was divided into two groups. For bilateral group(24 people), patients accepted AT LISA tri 839MP IOL in both eyes. For unilateral group(21 people), patients accepted AT LISA tri 839MP IOL in one eye and an aspheric monofocal IOL in the other eye. After follow-up 3mo, the binocular uncorrected distant, intermediate and near visual acuity(bUCDVA, bUCIVA, bUCNVA), visual function questionnaire, daily life degroscopy rate and satisfaction degree of the two groups were compared and analyzed. <p>RESULTS: Three months after operation, there was no significant difference in bUCDVA, bUCIVA, bUCNVA between two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). And also, there were no significant difference in VF-14-CN questionnaire score(96.2±0.50, 92.43±1.32), degroscopy rate(96%, 90%)and satisfaction(96%, 95%)between the two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Patients who accepted AT LISA tri 839MP IOL in both eyes and who accepted AT LISA tri 839MP IOL in one eye and an aspheric monofocal IOL in the other eye, share excellent bUCDVA, bUCIVA, bUCNVA. There was no significant difference in postoperative vision-related QoL, spectacle independency and satisfaction between the two groups. For patients who are not suitable for the implantation of trifocal IOL at one eye or who have had the aspheric single-focus IOL implanted at the previous eye, trifocal IOL implantation at another eye can be considered to meet the requirements of the whole binocular vision.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 289-293, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789031

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of Rehmanniae Radix Preparatawere prepared according to the traditional method of "jiu zheng jiu shai" and investigated using multiple chromatographic methods. Six alkaloids were isolated and their structures were elucidated from spectral data and physicochemical properties, as follows: rehmanniae alkaloid A (4-{[(5-O-á-D-galactopyranosyloxy)methyl]-1H-pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde-1-yl}butyric acidmethyl ester) (1), baimantuoluoamide B (2), capparisine C (3), harman-3-carboxylic acid (4), (2S)-1-[2-(furan-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxylate (5), and 1-[2-(furan-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl]pyrrolidin-2-one (6). Among them, compound 1 is a new alkaloid. Compounds 2-6 were newly isolated from Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch.The effect of compounds 1-6 on NRK-52e cell injury induced by LPS was investigated. The results show that compounds 1-3 exhibit protective effects against LPS-induced damage to NRK-52e cells.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2951-2954, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862297

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from ethyl acetate extract of Gleditsiae spina were isolated and purified by various chromatographic methods such as MCI gel CHP-20, ODS, Sephadex LH-20, silica gel and semi-preparative HPLC. Seven lignans were isolated and identified by spectroscopic data analyses as (7R,8S,7'E,7''S,8''R)-buddlenol P (1), (+)-syringaresinol (2), (+)-isolariciresinol (3), (7S,8R)-cedrusin (4), (7S,8R)-4,9,9'-trihydroxy-3,3'-dimethoxy-7,8-dihydrobenzofuran-1'-propylneolignan (5), 3',4-O-dimethylcedrusin (6), balanophonin (7). Among them, compound 1 is a new lignan, compounds 2-7 are isolated from the Gleditsia L. for the first time. MTT method was used to investigate the effect of compounds 2-7 on LPS-induced injury of NRK-52e cells. As a result, compounds 2, 3 and 7 exhibit protective effects against LPS-induced damage to NRK-52e cells.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905633

ABSTRACT

Serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been widely used for post-stroke depression. Recently, SSRIs are considered as an effective drug to improve motor function after stroke. Mechanism of SSRIs improving motor function after ischemic stroke involves extensive factors, and there is no definitive conclusion yet. While, the effects of SSRIs on motor function after stroke remains debatable. Besides, there are potential risks of SSRIs in the treatment of stroke. It is necessary to evaluate the benefits and risks of SSRIs for patients with ischemic stroke.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 841-847, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801321

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the value of baseline geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) in evaluating the prognosis of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who underwent peritoneal dialysis (PD).@*Methods@#The clinical data of patients who underwent PD catheterization and started PD therapy at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 1, 2013 to December 30, 2018 were collected retrospectively. The follow-up endpoint was death or hemodialysis. The follow-up deadline was March 1, 2019. The GNRI cut-off value was determined according to the ROC curve, and the patients were divided into GNRI≤90.5 group and GNRI>90.5 group. The differences of clinical data and laboratory tests were compared between the two groups. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to compare the difference in PD rate between the two groups during follow-up, and the factors that affecting patients PD withdrawal were analyzed by Cox regression.@*Results@#The GNRI cut-off value was determined to be 90.5 based on the ROC curve. Until the deadline for follow-up, the drop-out rate of GNRI≤90.5 group was significantly higher than the GNRI>90.5 group (35.88% vs 21.58%, P=0.003). Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed a higher rate of maintaining PD in the GNRI>90.5 group than that in GNRI≤90.5 group during follow-up (P=0.021). Cox univariate regression showed that male, GNRI and serum Alb were protective factors for PD patients, and Scr was a risk factor. After multiple factors correction, male and GNRI were also the protective factors for PD patients.@*Conclusion@#As an objective indicator of nutritional evaluation, baseline GNRI can be used as a prognostic indicator for PD patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 812-816, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801218

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To report a case of Carvajai syndrome caused by a spontaneous mutation in the desmoplakin (DSP) gene.@*Methods@#Clinical data were collected form a patient with Carvajal syndrome in Department of Dermatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from the proband, his parents and 100 unrelated healthy controls, and blood genomic DNA was extracted. The ion torrent PGM second-generation sequencing platform was used to detect sequence variations in coding regions of exons in skin disease-related genes in the proband and his parents, and the pathogenic variation was verified by PCR-Sanger sequencing.@*Results@#The proband clinically presented with woolly hair, diffuse palmoplantar keratoderma, onychodysplasia, hypodontia and sinus arrhythmia as shown by electrocardiogram. Gene sequencing revealed a heterozygous missense mutation c.1790C>T (p.Ser597Leu) in exon 14 of the DSP gene in the proband, resulting in the substitution of serine by leucine at amino acid position 597. No mutation was identified in the proband′s parents or the 100 healthy controls, so the mutation in the proband is spontaneous. The patient was finally diagnosed with Carvajal syndrome according to the clinical manifestations, gene detection and auxiliary examination results.@*Conclusion@#The heterozygous missense mutation C.1790C>T (p.Ser597Leu) of the DSP gene may be the pathogenic mutation for the clinical phenotype of the patient.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754112

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the influence of Hemin on both the expression of neuroglobin (Ngb) and Tau protein phosphorylation in rats with vascular dementia (VD),and explore the effect and mechanism of Ngb in VD. Methods VD model was established in rats with a permanent bilateral common carotid arteries occlusion(2-VO). Fifty four healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups:sham operation group,VD group and Hemin group. According to ischemic time,the animals in each group were randomly allocated into 1 week subgroup,4 weeks subgroup and 8 weeks subgroup(n=6 in each subgroup). The learning and memory ability of rats were evaluated by Morris water maze test. The brain histopathological changes were observed by HE staining and the expression of Ngb and phosphorylated Tau ( p-Tau) was de-termined by Western blot. Results Compared with the sham operation group,after 2-VO the escape latency extended (all P<0. 05) and cross-platform performance reduced in rats in both VD group and Hemin group (all P<0. 05). The learning and memory ability of rats in Hemin group was better than that in VD group at the corresponding time point:the increase in the number of crossing platforms(1 week:Hemin group (7. 00± 0. 89) times vs VD group (5. 50±1. 22) times,t=2. 42,P<0. 05;4 weeks:Hemin group (5. 33±0. 52) times vs VD group (3. 50±1. 04) times,t=3. 84,P<0. 01;8 weeks:Hemin group (6. 50±0. 55) times vs VD group (4. 50±1. 05) times,t=4. 14,P<0. 01). The expression of Ngb and phosphorylated Tau (p-Tau) increased in VD group and Hemin group (P<0. 01). Compared with VD group,the expression of Ngb in Hemin group was increased(1 week:Hemin group (3. 45±0. 23) vs VD group (2. 56±0. 08),t=5. 67,P<0. 01;4 weeks:Hemin group (3. 08±0. 13) vs VD group (2. 28±0. 08),t=7. 96,P<0. 01;8 weeks:Hemin group (2. 82± 0. 12) vs VD group (2. 05±0. 10),t=7. 28,P<0. 01),while p-Tau was decreased (1 week:Hemin group (1. 57±0. 12) vs VD group (2. 40±0. 15),t=7. 62,P<0. 01;4 weeks:Hemin group ( 2. 14±0. 21) vs VD group (3. 18±0. 14),t=8. 23,P<0. 01;8 weeks:Hemin group (1. 83±0. 13) vs VD group (2. 79±0. 19), t=4. 91,P<0. 01). In VD group and Hemin group,the learning and memory ability exhibited a negative cor-relation with Ngb (r=-0. 892,P<0. 01),whereas a positive correlation with p-Tau (r=0. 932,P<0. 01). Conclusion Hemin induces high expression of Ngb and inhibits Tau phosphorylation in VD rats. Ngb may play a neuroprotective role in the development of VD by regulating Tau phosphorylation.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1123-1131, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780173

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to construct an intelligent fluorescent nanocarrier for tumor cell tracing. Doxorubicin (DOX) was used as a model drug, and the gene targeting siBcl-2 was loaded to achieve synergistic inhibition of tumor cells. Mesoporous silicon nanoparticles (MSN) were prepared by a sol-gel method, and acetaldehyde cystine (AC) and polyethyleneimine (PEI) were covalently modified. The prepared nanocarrier MSN-AC-PEI was uniformly dispersed, with a particle size of 235.53 nm and a potential of 14.63 mV. The carrier material MSN-AC-PEI could load siRNA with the mass ratio of 60∶1 (Wvectors∶WsiRNA) and protect siRNA from RNase I degradation. To simulate the microenvironment of tumor, DOX release in phosphate buffer (pH 5) including 10 mmol·L-1 glutathione (GSH) was investigated. The cumulative release rate of DOX at 120 h is 35 times that of the normal physiological environment, which lays the foundation for the intelligent release of DOX in tumor cells. The results of cell experiments showed that the carrier material MSN-AC-PEI had significant green fluorescence, and the traceability can be maintained for 24 h after taken up by MCF-7 cells. After 24 hours of administration of the nano drug delivery system MSN-AC-PEI@DOX/siBcl-2, the inhibition rate of tumor cell proliferation reached 40.91%, and the late apoptosis rate was 60.84%. The Western blot results showed that compared with free DOX and siBcl-2, the nano-delivery system MSN-AC-PEI@DOX/siBcl-2 can significantly reduce the expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, thereby enhancing its anti-tumor ability.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775098

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of different melatonin treatment regimens on the proliferation of neural stem cells (NSCs) and long-term histopathology in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD), and to identify better melatonin treatment regimens.@*METHODS@#A total of 96 Sprague-Dawley rats aged 7 days were randomly divided into normal control, HIBD, single-dose immediate melatonin treatment (SDIT), and 7-day continuous melatonin treatment (7DCT) groups, with 24 rats in each group. The rat model of HIBD was prepared by isolation and electrocoagulation of the right common carotid artery as well as hypoxic treatment in a hypoxic chamber (oxygen concentration 8.00% ± 0.01%) for 2 hours. On day 7 after modeling, proliferating cell nuclear antigen/Nestin double-labeling immunofluorescence was used to measure the proliferation of endogenous NSCs in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) region in 8 rats in each group, and Western blot was used to measure the protein expression of Nestin in brain. On day 28 after modeling, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and Nissl staining were used to observe the changes in the histopathology and the number of pyramidal cells in the hippocampal CA1 region in 8 rats in each group.@*RESULTS@#Immunofluorescent staining showed that compared with the HIBD group, the SDIT and 7DCT groups had a significant increase in the number of PCNA+Nestin+DAPI+ cells, and the 7DCT group had a significantly higher number than the SDIT group (P<0.01). Western blot showed that the SDIT and 7DCT groups had significantly higher protein expression of Nestin than the HIBD group, and the 7DCT group had significantly higher expression than the SDIT group (P<0.05). HE staining showed that the SDIT and 7DCT groups had alleviated cell injury, and Nissl staining showed that compared with the HIBD group, the SDIT and 7DCT groups had a significant increase in the number of pyramidal cells, and the 7DCT group had a significantly higher number than the SDIT group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both single-dose immediate melatonin treatment and 7-day continuous melatonin treatment can promote the proliferation of endogenous NSCs and alleviate long-term histological injury in the brain of neonatal rats with HIBD. A 7-day continuous melatonin treatment has a better effect than single-dose immediate melatonin treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Brain , Cell Proliferation , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Melatonin , Neural Stem Cells , Neurons , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
20.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 907-910, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824722

ABSTRACT

A 3-year-old female proband presented with patchy follicular keratotic papules on the hairless scalp after birth.At about the age of 2 years,sparse hairs of non-uniform thickness began to grow,but they fell out intermittently and were broken easily.Some eyebrows and eyelashes of different lengths fell out or were broken.Physical examination revealed good condition of nutrition,normal height,weight and intelligence,with no obvious abnormalities in other systems.Skin examination showed sparse and broken hairs with follicular keratotic papules on the vertex and occiput.Teeth,nails,toenails and sweat glands were normal.Dermoscopy,optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy all showed that affected hairs gave a beaded appearance.Gene sequencing showed that the proband carried heterozygous deletions of exons 2-16 in the desmoglein 4 (DSG4) gene,and a heterozygous mutation c.574T>C(p.S192p)(NM-177986) in the DSG4 gene,which were inherited from her father and mother respectively.None of theabove mutations in the DSG4 gene were found in 100 healthy controls.According to the gene sequencing results and clinical phenotype,the patient was finally diagnosed with autosomal recessive hereditary monilethrix,and the c.574T > C mutation and heterozygous deletions of exons 2-16 of the DSG4 gene may contribute to autosomal recessive hereditary monilethrix in the child.

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