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Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 160-163, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883685


Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is defined as non-protein coding transcript longer than 200 nucleotides. In the form of RNA, it affects gene expression at the epigenetic, transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels, and is widely involved in the body's pathophysiological processes. This review summarizes the research progress of lncRNA in the field of parasitology in order to find new targets for the prevention and treatment of parasitic diseases.

Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 252-263, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880970


An unexpected observation among the COVID-19 pandemic is that smokers constituted only 1.4%-18.5% of hospitalized adults, calling for an urgent investigation to determine the role of smoking in SARS-CoV-2 infection. Here, we show that cigarette smoke extract (CSE) and carcinogen benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) increase ACE2 mRNA but trigger ACE2 protein catabolism. BaP induces an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-dependent upregulation of the ubiquitin E3 ligase Skp2 for ACE2 ubiquitination. ACE2 in lung tissues of non-smokers is higher than in smokers, consistent with the findings that tobacco carcinogens downregulate ACE2 in mice. Tobacco carcinogens inhibit SARS-CoV-2 spike protein pseudovirions infection of the cells. Given that tobacco smoke accounts for 8 million deaths including 2.1 million cancer deaths annually and Skp2 is an oncoprotein, tobacco use should not be recommended and cessation plan should be prepared for smokers in COVID-19 pandemic.

Adult , Animals , COVID-19 , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Lung , Mice , Pandemics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , SARS-CoV-2 , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803540


Objective@#To explore the effect of nursing intervention on the biofeedback effect of functional constipation in children.@*Methods@#A total of 112 children (4-16 years old) who were diagnosed with functional constipation in the Department of Pediatric Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were randomly divided into the experimental group (54 cases) and the control group (53 cases). Children in the experimental group were treated with biofeedback training and personalized nursing intervention for functional constipation in children. The control group used biofeedback combined with traditional nursing intervention to treat functional constipation in children. The WHO-5 (World Health Organization′s five physical and mental health) scales were used to compare the effects of the two groups and were followed up for 3-6 months.@*Results@#A total of 107 children completed the study, 54 in the experimental group and 53 in the control group. There were no significant differences in the scores of the WHO-5 scale and clinical symptoms between the two groups before the intervention (P>0.05). After intervention, the total score of WHO-5 in the experimental group was (21.69± 2.28), the total score of clinical symptoms was (6.56±1.16), the total score of WHO-5 in the control group was (17.85±3.189), and the total score of clinical symptoms was (9.04±2.121). The difference was significant (t=-7.146, t=7.491, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Personalized nursing intervention can enhance the effect of biofeedback training on children and adolescents with functional constipation and improve their quality of life.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620279


Objective To explore the value of laparoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of recurrent inguinal hernia in children.Methods The clinical data of 67 cases receiving laparoscopic treatment for recurrent inguinal hernia in children at the Department of General Surgery,Wuhan Children's Hospital,Tongji Medical College,Huazhong University of Science & Technology were retrospectively analyzed,including the type of hernia recurrence,operation time,intraoperative and postoperative complications,such as short-term hydrocele formation and testicular atrophy and so on.Results In 67 cases,there were 65 males and 2 females.Open repair surgery and laparoscopic surgery were respectively performed in 48 cases and 19 cases for the first operation and the hernia defects were found after operation.Contralateral patent vaginal process deformities were found in 11 sides in the reoperation.Among 67 cases of recurrent inguinal hernia,incomplete ligation of hernia sac was found in 21 cases,low level ligation of hernia sac in 17 cases,no ligation of hernia sac in 14 cases,omissive direct inguinal hernia in 4 cases,loose ligation of hernia sac in 4 cases,overlarge inner ring in 4 cases,weak abdominal muscles in 2 cases,and increased abdominal pressure (long-term constipation,asthma) in 1 case.All the patients were treated by laparoscopic hernia repair and no serious complications occurred during the operation.The average time of unilateral operation was (15.0±2.2) minutes (13-25 minutes),and bilateral operation was (27.0±4.3) minutes (18-41 minutes).All patients were discharged on the second day.Two patients showed short-term postoperative hydrocele and were cured with conservative treatment.During the follow-up time of (23±2) months (9-39 months),no recurrence or testicular atrophy was found.Conclusions Laparoscopy can confirm the type of recurrent inguinal hernia and contribute to reduce postoperative recurrence.Laparoscopic management of recurrent inguinal hernia in children is safe and feasible,which is expected to replace open hernia repair.

Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1254-1258, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481734


Aim To construct and express the eukary-otic expression vector of double-stranded RNA-depend-ent protein kinase (PKR)fusion green fluorescent and analyse its antiviral activity of HBV in vitro.Methods The PKR gene was cloned into an empty expression vector pEGFP-N1 using molecular clone technology. After being confirmed by restriction enzyme digestion and sequencing methods,the recombinant plasmid was named as pEGFP-PKR that was subsequently transfect-ed into HepG2.2.15 cells using LipofectamineTM2000. The expression level of PKR in HepG2.2.15 cells was confirmed by using fluorescent microscopy. Mean-while,HBV DNA and HBsAg/HBeAg were detected by real-time PCR and electrochemiluminescence meth-od,respectively.Results Both restriction enyme di-gestion and sequencing assays showed that the recombi-nant vector pEGFP-PKR was successfully constructed in our study.Fluorescent microscopy observation indi-cated that the fusion protein pEGFP-PKR expressed ef-ficiently in HepG2.2.15 cells.Moreover,compared with the empty vector group,the expression of HBV antigen in supernatants was significantly decreased (P<0.05 ).However,the extracellular HBV DNA ex-pression was not inhibited significantly.Conclusion In vitro,PKR proteion has certain antiviral activity of HBV.