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2.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2011 Jan; 59(1): 41-45
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-136136

ABSTRACT

Aim: Corneal blindness accounts for 3.42% of blindness in Malaysia; the rate of eye donation is low. The aim of the study was to assess the awareness about eye donation and willingness to donate eyes among attendants of patients at various clinics in Melaka, Malaysia. Materials and Methods: This observational study was conducted on attendants who accompanied patients (n = 400) visiting various outpatient departments of the General Hospital and two peripheral clinics in Melaka between August and October 2007. The participants answered a questionnaire (Malay and English versions) which included demographic profile, awareness of eye donation, knowledge regarding facts of eye donation, and willingness to donate eyes. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was performed at 5% level of significance. Results: Awareness of eye donation was observed in 276 (69%) participants. Multivariate analysis showed that awareness was more among females when compared to males (P = 0.009). Of the 276 participants who were aware of eye donation, only 34.42% were willing to donate eyes. Willingness was more among the Indian race (P = 0.02) and males (P = 0.02). Educational status did not influence the willingness to donate eyes. Conclusions: Although majority of participants were aware of eye donation, willingness to donate eyes was poor.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/psychology , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/statistics & numerical data , Eye , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , India , Malaysia/ethnology , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sex Factors , Tissue and Organ Procurement/statistics & numerical data , Young Adult
3.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2010 Sept; 58(5): 415-417
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-136098

ABSTRACT

Colletotrichum graminicola is a medically important fungus belonging to the order Melanconiales under the class Coelomycetes. The members of the genus Colletotrichum are primarily plant pathogens which cause anthracnoses (fungal infection in plants). In the past few decades, they are progressively being implicated as etiological agents of subcutaneous hyalohyphomycoses and keratomycoses. Of the five medically important members in the genus Colletotrichum, keratitis due to Colletotrichum graminicola is rare. We diagnosed Colletotrichum graminicola keratitis in a 44-year-old man who presented with a non-healing corneal ulcer since three weeks. Positive smears and cultures from the corneal scrapings established the causative organism as C. graminicola. The patient was treated with a combination of oral ketoconazole and topical fluconazole and natamycin. Infection resolved over 10 weeks and antimicrobials were stopped. We describe the clinical presentation and treatment outcome of Colletotrichum graminicola keratitis.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Adult , Antifungal Agents/administration & dosage , Colletotrichum , Corneal Ulcer/microbiology , Drug Therapy, Combination , Fluconazole/administration & dosage , Humans , Keratitis/diagnosis , Keratitis/microbiology , Ketoconazole/administration & dosage , Male , Mycoses/diagnosis , Mycoses/drug therapy , Natamycin/administration & dosage , Treatment Outcome
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