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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880113

ABSTRACT

METHODS@#To establish the acquired aplastic anemia mouse model through the X-ray irradiation in combination with lymphocytes injection. AA Group: the purified Pan T lymphocytes from the spleen of C57BL/6J mice were enriched and injected to the mice through tail vein(5×10@*RESULTS@#Compared with 4, 5 Gy irradiated mice in AA groups, the survival time of 3 Gy irradiated AA groups was significantly prolonged. 3, 4 and 5 Gy X-ray irradiation combined with Pan T lymphocyte injection could successfully induced severe reduction of red blood cells, blood neutrophils, and platelets, severe reduction of bone marrow nucleated cells, severe bone marrow hematopoietic failure, and the significant expansion of T lymphocytes ratio in the bone marrow. CD4@*CONCLUSION@#3, 4 and 5 Gy X-ray irradiation combined with 5×10


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Animals , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 4045-4054, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922459

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a non-apoptotic regulated cell death caused by iron accumulation and subsequent lipid peroxidation. Currently, the therapeutic role of ferroptosis on cancer is gaining increasing interest. Baicalin an active component in

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the value of serum miR-922 and miR-506 expression levels in the diagnosis and prognostic assessment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 132 children with ALL (ALL group) and 80 healthy children (healthy control group) were prospectively selected in this study. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the expression levels of serum miR-922 and miR-506 in both groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted to analyze the diagnostic value of miR-922 and miR-506 for childhood ALL. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot survival curves, and multivariate COX regression models were used to analyze the risk factors for poor prognosis in children with ALL.@*RESULTS@#The ALL group had significantly higher expression levels of serum miR-922 and miR-506 than the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression levels of miR-922 and miR-506 are of good value in the diagnosis and prognostic assessment of childhood ALL.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Child , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , MicroRNAs/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , ROC Curve
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879478

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the phenotype and genotype of a patient affected with inherited antithrombin deficiency.@*METHODS@#All exons and exon-intron boundaries of the AT genes were subjected to PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing. The influence of variants on the disease was predicted using bioinformatic software (MutationTaster).@*RESULTS@#The results of all coagulation tests were normal, though the antithrombin activity and antigen content of the proband and his father have decreased significantly (34%, 48% and 12.97 mg/dL, 15.60 mg/dL, respectively). His mother was normal. Genetic analysis revealed that the proband and his father both carried a heterozygous g.2736dupT variant of the AT gene. Bioinformatic analysis suggested that the variant may be pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#The proband and his father both had type I hereditary antithrombin deficiency caused by a g.2736dupT variant of the AT gene. The variant was unreported previously.


Subject(s)
Antithrombin III/genetics , Antithrombin III Deficiency/genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Genetic Testing , Heterozygote , Humans , Male , Mutation , Pedigree
5.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 120-124, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844354

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of herbal-cake-partitioned moxibustion (HCPM) of "Shenque" (CV8) and "Daheng" (SP15) on abdominal pain, plasma β-endorphin (β-EP), uterine prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) levels, as well as splenetic natural killer cell (NK cell) activity in primary dysmenorrhea (PD) rats, so as to explore the specificity of acupoint function and the underlying mechanisms of moxibustion in relieving dysmenorrhea. METHODS: A total of 40 female rats were randomized into blank control, model, CV8-direct moxibustion, CV8-HCPM and SP15-HCPM groups (n=8 rats in each). The PD model was established by subcutaneous injection of estradiol benzoate injection (0.2-0.5 mg/rat) for 10 consecutive days and intraperitoneal injection of oxytocin (2 U) 24 h after the last subcutaneous injection. Moxibustion or herbal-cake (composed of Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Rhizoma Chuanxiong, Radix Paeoniae Rubra, Cortex Cinnamomi, etc.)-partitioned moxibustion was applied to CV8, SP15 or umbilicus respectively for 7 moxa-cones every time, once daily for 10 successive days. The rats of the control and model groups were also restrained as those in the moxibustion groups. The writhing times within 30 minutes was recorded and the contents of plasma β-EP, uterine PGE2 and PGF2α were detected by ELISA, and NK cell activity was detected using MTT. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the writhing times and the content of PGF2α in the uterus tissue were significantly increased in the model group (P0.05). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion of both CV8 and SP15 can relieve abdominal pain in PD rats, which may be closely associated with its effect in suppressing PD-induced decrease of plasma β-EP and uterine PGE2 levels and splenetic NK cell activity and increase of uterine PGF2α. The therapeutic effect of CV8-HCPM is obviously better than that of SP15-HCPM and CV8-direct moxibustion.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775764

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore molecular etiology and clinical characteristics of two pedigrees affected with hereditary factor VII(FVII) deficiency.@*METHODS@#The nine exons and flanking sequences of the F7 gene of the probands were amplified by PCR. The amplicons were analyzed by direct sequencing. Suspected mutations were subjected to SWISS-MODEL modeling and analysis of protein structure change by Pymol software and conservation of amino acids across various species.@*RESULTS@#For proband of pedigree 1, the prothrombin time (PT), FVII activity (FVII:C) and FVII antigen (FVII:Ag) were 36.3 s, 3%, 53.56%, respectively. Sequencing revealed a compound heterozygous variants of c.80_81delCT and c.1371G>T(p.Arg439Ser). His son carried a heterozygous c.1371G>T (p.Arg439Ser) variant. For proband of pedigree 2, the PT, FVII:C and FVII:Ag were 22.3 s, 4%, 1.58%, respectively. Sequencing has revealed a compound heterozygous c.278G>T(p.Arg75Met) missense variant in exon 3 and c.1278T>G (p.His408Gln) in exon 9 of the F7 gene. His mother and son both carried a heterozygous c.278G>T(p.Arg75Met) variant. Three-dimensional simulation and homology analysis revealed that the p.Arg439Ser and p.Arg75Met can respectively alter part of hydrogen bonds and two highly conserved amino acids.@*CONCLUSION@#Two novel heterozygous missense variants of the F7 gene [c.1371G>T(p.Arg439Ser) and c.278G>T(p.Arg75Met)] probably account for the decrease of factor VII in the two pedigrees.


Subject(s)
Asians , Factor VII , Factor VII Deficiency , Genotype , Heterozygote , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815988

ABSTRACT

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis is a group of granulomatous lung disease caused by repeated exposure and sensitization to a variety of organic antigens. Establishing a diagnosis of HP is challenging as no gold standard for diagnosis of HP is currently available. The diagnosis is based on integration of history, clinical manifestations, pulmonary function, high-resolution chest CT(HRCT), bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) analysis and histopathological features, which is a multidisciplinary diagnosis. The BALF cell profile in HP is characterized by a significant increase in the percentage of lymphocytes. BALF cellular analysis can provide additional supportive evidence of the diagnosis of HP, which narrows the differential diagnosis of HP and helps some patients avoid surgical lung biopsy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774025

ABSTRACT

Objective To explored the risk factors of lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) by analyzing the data from the Surveillance,Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database.Methods The data of 31 017 patients with PTMC in the SEER database from 2002 to 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Logistic and Cox regression analyses were used to explore the associations of the factors and the risk of lymph node metastasis in PTMC.Results Multivariate analysis revealed that male (OR=0.673,95%CI=0.605-0.748,P=0.001),age5 mm(OR=1.172,95%CI=1.153-1.191,P=0.001),follicular variant (OR=0.641,95%CI =0.574-0.716,P=0.001),and multifocal (OR=1.662,95%CI=1.516-1.821,P=0.001) and external thyroid extension (ETE) (capsular invasion OR=1.232,95%CI=1.183-1.543,P=0.001;minor invasion OR=2.119,95%CI=1.377-3.263,P=0.001;and gross invasion OR=2.546,95%CI=2.218-2.921,P=0.001) were significantly associated with central lymph node metastasis (CLNM). Multivariate analysis revealed that tumor size >5 mm(OR=1.112,95%CI =1.091-1.133,P=0.001),male (OR=0.36,95%CI=0.322-0.401,P=0.001),age5 mm),follicular variant-PTMC,ETE,and multifocality are the risk factors for cervical lymph node metastasis. Distant metastasis is associated with lateral lymph node metastasis. For patients at high risk of PTMC,prophylactic neck lymph node dissection is recommended.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Papillary , Pathology , Female , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SEER Program , Thyroid Neoplasms , Pathology
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2910-2914, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772894

ABSTRACT

Background@#Brain death is the irreversible cessation of the function of the brain including the brainstem. In 2013, the Brain Injury Evaluation Quality Control Centre (BQCC) of the National Health and Family Planning Commission issued criteria and practical guidelines for the determination of brain death. This study aimed to evaluate whether the institutions have adopted these guidelines and to make suggestions for the improvement of the current criteria and practical guidelines for brain death determination in China.@*Methods@#Consecutive brain death cases from 44 hospitals were evaluated for summary statistics for the following data: the performance of BQCC criteria and practical guidelines, clinical examination, apnea testing, ancillary testing, and the number of examinations as well as the waiting periods between examinations and details of who determined brain death. Data analysis was conducted from January 2013 to December 2017.@*Results@#A total of 550 cases were obtained. All patients were determined to have deep coma and met the prerequisites for clinical testing. The performance rates of four brainstem reflex examinations (except cough reflex) ranged from 97.5% to 98.0%, and the completion rate as well as the coincidence rate were both 100.0%. The 238 cases (50.7%) completed apnea testing, and 231 cases (42.0%) had to stop apnea testing during the examination because of instability. The performance rates of the three ancillary tests, including electroencephalogram, short-latency somatosensory evoked potential, and transcranial Doppler, were 89.5%, 67.5%, and 79.5%, respectively; furthermore, the coincidence rates were 98.6%, 96.5%, and 99.5%, respectively. The combination of two ancillary tests was more accurate than one single ancillary test. A total of 401 (72.9%) cases successfully underwent two separate examinations to determine brain death with at least a 12-h waiting period. All brain death cases were determined by at least two qualified physicians.@*Conclusion@#This study might provide suggestions for brain death determination in China.


Subject(s)
Brain Death , Diagnosis , Electroencephalography , Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory , Humans , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial
10.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 30-34, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844503

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the underlying mechanism of acupoint catgut embedding in improving primary dysme-norrhea (PD) in rats based on functional activities of the neuro-endocrine-immune (NEI) network. METHODS: Forty female rats were equally randomized into blank control, PD model, medication, and acupoint catgut embedding groups. The PD model was established by subcutaneous injection of estradiol benzoate (0.5 mg/rat on the 1st and 10th d, and 0.2 mg/rat from 2nd to 9th d) and oxytocin (2 U/rat, i.p.). Rats of the medication group were treated by intragastric perfusion of fenbid (0.8 mL/rat, 125 mg/100 mL), once daily for 10 days. The catgut embedding was applied to bilateral "Ciliao" (BL 32), "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6) and "Guanyuan" (CV 4) before modeling. The body writhing times in 30 minutes were recorded, plasma β-endorphin(β-EP) content, and prostaglandin E 2 (PGE2) and prostaglandin F 2 α (PGF2α) contents in the uterus tissue were assayed using ELISA, and the activity of natural killer cell (NK cell) in the spleen tissue was detected using 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) method after isolation and co-culture with K 562 cells. RESULTS: The body writhing times were no-tably more in the model group than in the control group (P0.05). CONCLUSION: The acupoint catgut embedding has a significant efficacy in relieving PD in rats, which may be related to its effect in up-regulating plasma β-EP, uterus PGE2 contents and splenic NK cell activity and in down-regulating uterus PGF2α level.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775834

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out phenotypic and genotypic analysis for two Chinese pedigrees affected with coagulation factor XII (F XII) deficiency.@*METHODS@#Plasma prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (FIB), thrombin time (TT), and blood coagulation factor VIII, IX, XI, XII activity (FVIII:C, FIX:C, FXI:C, FXII:C) were determined with one stage clotting assay on a STAGO coagulation analyzer. FXII antigen was determined with an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The 14 exons and their flanking sequences of the F12 gene were subjected to PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing. The conservation and structure of mutant protein were analyzed with MegAlign software and PYMOL software.@*RESULTS@#The APTT of the probands was significantly prolonged, while their FXII:C and FXII:Ag were significantly reduced. Genetic analysis of the proband has revealed three novel mutations in the F12 gene, including g.5972G>A splice site mutation in intron 5, g.8810_8814delGTCTA in exon 14, and g.6259G>A (p.Pro182Leu) in exon 7. In addition, a previously known mutation IVS13-1G>A has been found.@*CONCLUSION@#Four mutations have been identified in the two Chinese pedigrees, among which three were novel. Above mutations probably played a role in the defect of FXII in the two pedigrees.


Subject(s)
Exons , Factor XII , Genetics , Factor XII Deficiency , Genetics , Genetic Testing , Humans , Pedigree
12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 659-661, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807507

ABSTRACT

In my 60 years′ career of burn medicine, I worked in rural areas for more than 3 years, such as joining in a touring medical team, saving lives wounded in a flood disaster, marching and camping training, carrying out open-door medical teaching, etc. All these experiences made me set up my medical ethics and enhance my medical skills under tough conditions of lacking medical services and medicines. In addition, I developed the abilities to innovate and refine my treatments for patients based on practical environments.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666371

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the genetic etiology of lateral ventriculomegaly fetal on the genome-wide level with chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA),and investigate the relationship between copy number variations (CNVs) and lateral ventriculomegaly and the application value of CMA in prenatal diagnosis of fetuses with lateral ventriculomegaly.Methods Seventy fetuses with lateral ventriculomegaly but normal or uncertain karyotype were selected and invasive prenatal diagnosis was performed in Xi Jing Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University from Jan.2015 to Nov.2016.Microarray testing was performed using Affymetrix CytoScanTM 750k arrays and the results were analyzed according to biological information science database.The fetal development was regularly inspected,and follow up was conducted to find out the pregnancy outcome and fetal postnatal conditions.Results In 70 cases of lateral ventriculomegaly fetuses,there were 9 fetuses with pathogenic copy number variations (CNVs),3 fetuses with likely pathogenic CNVs and 1 fetus with likely pathogenic 1 oss of heterozygosity (LOH).During the 70 fetuses with lateral ventriculomegaly,2 pathogenic CNVs were detected in 6 fetuses with severe and non isolated lateral ventriculomegaly (33.3%).Pathogenic CNVs was not detected but 1 likely pathogenic CNV was detected in 3 fetuses with severe and isolated lateral ventriculomegaly (33.3%).Six pathogenic CNVs were detected in 31 mild and non isolated lateral ventriculomegaly (19.4%),and 2 likely pathogenic CNVs were also detected in these group (6.5%).One pathogenic CNV and 1 likely pathogenic CNV were detected in 30 fetuses with mild and isolated fetal lateral ventriculomegaly.Conclusions CMA can identify chromosome abnormality microdeletion/microduplication which was unrecognizable by conventional karyotyping analysis.The application of CMA may increase the detection rate of pathogenic CNVs in fetuses with lateral ventriculomegaly,and benefit evaluation of fetal prognosis in prenatal genetic counselling.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 634-639, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617226

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare and analyze the clinical characteristics of acute central cervical spinal cord injury with only upper extremity involvement and with both upper and lower extremity involvement.Methods A retrospective case control study was made on clinical data of 76 patients with acute central cervical spinal cord injury hospitalized from January 2010 to December 2013.Nerve injury involved was only upper extremity in 39 patients (upper extremity group),but both upper and lower extremities in 37 patients (upper-and lower-extremity group).In upper extremity group,there were 35 males and four females,age was 21-80 years [(52.5 ± 13.4) years],injury resulted from traffic accidents in 24 patients,ground-level falls in eight,high-level falls in six and heavy-object hit in one,and level of injury was C3/4 in 16 patients,C4/5 in 14 and C5/6 in nine.In upper-and lower-extremity group,there were 30 males and seven females,age was 36-78 years [(59.6 ± 9.7) years],injury resulted from traffic accidents in 16 patients,ground-level falls in 11,high-level falls in seven and heavyobject hit in three,and level of injury was C3/4in nine patients,C4/sin 18 and C5/6in 10.Sagittal diameter of the cervical spinal canal,maximal canal compromise,maximal spinal cord compression,degenerating factors of the cervical spine and treatment protocols were determined.Upper extremity function was assessed with the American spinal injury association (ASIA) score.Results There were significant differences between upper extremity group and upper-and lower-extremity group in sagittal diameter of the cervical spinal canal [(7.5 ± 1.5)mm ∶ (6.8 ± 1.2)mm],maximal canal compromise [(28.9 ±9.6)% ∶ (34.9 ± 10.6)%],ASIA score at admission[(31.6 ± 11.8)points ∶ (22.7± 11.3)points)] and ASIA score at last follow-up [(46.2 ± 4.2) points ∶ (40.2 ± 4.0) points] (P < 0.05),while the maximal spinal cord compression in upper extremity group [(15.7 ± 11.9)%] had no significant difference from that in upper-and lowerextremity group [(17.0 ± 10.6) %] (P > 0.05).Lower prevalence of posterior osteophyte of the vertebral body was noted in upper extremity group than upper-and lower-extremity group (15% ∶ 51%) (P <0.01).Twenty patients (49%) in upper extremity group were surgically treated,while 31 patients (84%) in upperand lower-extremity group (P < 0.05).Conclusions Compared to acute central cervical spinal cord injury with both upper and lower extremity involvement,the injury with only upper extremity involvement is much common in younger patients and is characterized by lowered frequency of osteophyte,large buffer space,mild nerve damage,preferred non-operation treatment and good prognosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790604

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a determination method for valprate in serum .Methods Serum sample was acidified by sulfuric acid and extracted with ethyl ether ,cyclohexanecarboxylic acid was selected as an internal standard ,α-bromoaceto-phenone as derivative reagent .Determination was performed with HPLC with methanol :water (70:30) as the mobile phase . The nalytical column was Eclipse Plus C18 (150 mm × 4 .6 mm ,5 μm) ,detected at 248 nm ,the flow rate was 1 .0 ml/min .Re-sults The linear rang of valproate was 8 .65~173 μg/ml .The mean relative recovery was bigger than 99 .27% .Both the rela-tive standard deviation (RSD) of inter-day and intra-day was less than 5% .Conclusions The method is rapid ,accurate ,sensi-tive and suitable for clinical therapeutic drug monitoring .

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240963

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the correlation among prevertebral hyperintensity (PVH), sagittal canal diameter on MRI and neurologic function of patients after cervical vertebral hyperextension injury without fracture and dislocation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 100 patients with cervical vertebral hyperextension injury without fracture and dislocation were retrospectively analyzed from September 2010 to December 2013. The patients were divided into PVH group and non-PVH group according to the presence of PVH on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. There were 39 patients in PVH group, including 31 males and 8 females, aged from 21 to 83 years old with an average of (58.10 ± 14.78) years; and the other 69 patients in non-PVH group, including 49 males and 12 females, aged from 32 to 77 years old with an average of (55.05 ± 10.36) years. The sagittal disc level canal diameters of subaxial cervical spine were measured on mid-sagittal magnetic resonance imaging. The age, sex, cause of injury, and the segments of spinal stenosis were recorded. American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment scale and motor score were used to evaluate the neurological status.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ASIA motor score of the group with PVH was 52.56 ± 31.97 while the ASIA motor score was 67.70 ± 22.83 in non-PVH group (P = 0.013). More patients with intramedullary hyperintensity signal on MRI were observed in the PVH group than in non-PVH group (P = 0.006). There was a significant positive correlation between ASIA motor score and sagittal disc level canal diameter of injury segment (P = 0.003). The neurological status was worse in patients with multi-level sagittal canal diameters below 8 mm.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The PVH and the disc-level canal sagittal diameter of the injury segment are associated with neurological status. The patients with multi-level sagittal canal stenosis are vulnerable to severe cervical spinal cord injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cervical Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Canal , Pathology , Spinal Cord Injuries , Pathology
17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 253-256, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309725

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the influence of the reference values for semen analysis proposed in the 5th edition of the WHO Laboratory Manual for the Examination and Processing of Human Semen on the indication spectrum for intrauterine insemination (IUI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 111 cycles of IUI by the reference values for semen analysis in the 4th edition of the WHO Laboratory Manual (group A) and 84 cycles by the 5th edition (group B). We recorded and compared the percentages of various indications for IUI between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The complications for IUI in groups A and B were as follows: asthenospermia (87.4% [97/111] vs 55.9% [47/84], P < 0.05), oligospermia (0 vs 0), teratospermia (51.4% [57/111] vs 35.7% [30/84]) , abnormal liquefaction (0.9% [1/111] vs O) , sexual dysfunction and genital malformation (0 vs 3.6% [3/84] , immune infertility (0.9% [ 1/111] vs O), and unexplained infertility (3.6% [4/111] vs 2. 4% [2/84 ] ). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the percentages of all the indications except that of asthenospermia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The reference values for semen analysis proposed in the 5th edition of the WHO Laboratory Manual for the Examination and Processing of Human Semen have an evident influence on the indication spectrum for IUI by largely reducing the cases of IUI for male factors, prolonging the cycles of some patients, causing excessive diagnosis and treatment for females, and increasing their mental and economic burdens.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Contraindications , Female , Humans , Insemination, Artificial , Male , Pregnancy , Reference Values , Retrospective Studies , Semen , Semen Analysis , World Health Organization
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250668

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical outcomes of the posterior C1,2 screw-rod combined with C2 unilateral translaminar screw and contralateral pedicle screw fixation and autogenous bicortical iliac crest graft fusion in treating upper cervical instability with vertebral artery variations.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2008 to December 2012, the clinical data of 12 patients with upper cervical instability underwent C1 lateral mass screws-C2 unilateral laminar and contralateral pedicle screws fixation combined with autogenous bicortical iliac crest graft fusion were analyzed retrospectively. There were 8 males and 4 females with a mean age of 47.5 years (ranged, 16 to 77 years). Patients suffered from occipitocervical activity limitation of motion with pain or not, VAS was 0-7 points with an average of (3.50 +/- 2.71) points. Unilateral vertebral artery hypoplasia was demonstrated by vertebral arteriography (VAG) or CTA in all patients. Cervical X-ray and CT scans were done within 7 days after surgery in order to confirm internal fixation position. Internal fixation loosening and breakage, reduction losing, bone fusion ratio were observed during follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No nerves and vertebral artery injuries occurred during operation. Cervical pain obviously decreased and VAS was (0.92 +/- 0.90) points. Cervical alignment of 12 patients had well-recovered by X-ray while Atlantoaxial ventral lamina cortex of 1 case was encroached by CT scan without neurological symptom. All patients were followed up for 6 months to 3 years, no internal fixation loosening and breakage, reduction losing were found. All patients obtained bone fusion in 6-12 months after operation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Posterior C1 lateral mass screws-C2 unilateral laminar and contralateral pedicle screws fixation combined with autogenous bicortical iliac crest graft fusion can achieve biomechanical stability and raise the successful rate of bone fusion, while avoiding the risk of vertebral artery injury and overcoming the insufficient of bone fusion during bilateral laminar screws placement as well. Posterior C1 lateral mass screws fixation is a safe and effective additional method in treating upper cervical instability with vertebral artery variations.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bone Screws , Cervical Vertebrae , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Internal Fixators , Joint Instability , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Vertebral Artery , Pathology
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1132-1137, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342225

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Severity scoring systems are useful tools for measuring the severity of the disease and its outcome. This pilot study was to verify and compare the prognostic performance of the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) in neuro-intensive care unit (N-ICU) patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1684 patients consecutively admitted to the N-ICU at Xuanwu Hospital between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2011 were enrolled in this study. The data-base included admission data, at 24-, 48-, and 72-hour SAPS II and GCS. Repeated measure data analysis of variance, Logistic regression analysis, the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit statistic, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic were used to evaluate the performance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was a significant difference between the SAPS II or GCS score at four time points (F = 16.110, P = 0.000 or F = 8.108, P = 0.000). The SAPS II scores or GCS score at four time points interacted with the outcomes with significant difference (F = 116.771, P = 0.000 or F = 65.316, P = 0.000). Calibration of the SAPS II or GCS score at each time point on all patients was good. The percentage of a risk estimate prediction corresponding to observed mortality was also good. The 72-hour score have the greatest consistency. Discriminations of the SAPS II or GCS score at each time were all satisfactory. The 72-hour score had the greatest discriminative power. The cut-off value was 33 (sensitivity of 85.2% and specificity of 74.3%) and 6 (sensitivity of 70.6% and specificity of 65.0%). The SAPS II at each time point on all patients showed better calibration, consistency and discrimination than GCS. The binary Logistic regression analysis identified physiological variables, GCS, age, and disease category as significant independent risk factors of death. After the two variables including underlying disease and type of admission were excluded, we built the simplified SAPS II model. A correlation was suggested between the simplified SAPS II score at each time point and outcome, regardless of the diagnosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The GCS scoring system tends to be a little weaker in the predictive power than the SAPS II scoring system in this Chinese cohort of N-ICU patients. The advantage of SAPS II scoring system still exists that it dose not need to take into account the diagnosis or diseases categories, even in the special N-ICU. The simplified SAPS II scoring system is considered a new idea for the estimation of effectiveness.</p>


Subject(s)
APACHE , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China , Female , Glasgow Coma Scale , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3422-3426, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354461

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Little quantitative evidence was available regarding the development of NICUs in China. The purpose of this survey was to evaluate the current situation of neurointensive care units (NICUs) across China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The directors of NICUs from 100 tertiary care hospitals across China were contacted and asked to complete a closed response questionnaire regarding their NICUs. Basic information, equipment, and technology information available in the units, as well as staffing information were investigated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seventy-six questionnaires were returned (a 68% response rate). Of 76 NICUs, 43 units constituted the majority. The number of each NICU bed varied from 4 to 45, occupying 2%-30% of the total department beds. Over 70% of NICUs were equipped with many emergency treatment equipments as well as physiological and biochemical monitoring equipments, while 34%-70% of NICUs still lacked some kinds of equipments such as defibrillators. Some specialist equipments were still partially lacking in 62%-95% of NICUs. A vast majority of the NICUs were equipped with neurocritical care directors, full-time attending physicians, and head nurses, but full-time NICU residents and neurocritical care nurses were still lacking in nearly half (53%) and one-third (33%-37%) of NICUs, respectively. In 76 NICUs, full-time neurointensivists and nurses added up to 359 and 852, respectively. In addition, 78%-97% of all the surveyed NICUs were severely short of non-neurological professional staffs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In China, neurocritical care has developed rapidly, but there is still a shortage of well-equipped and well-staffed NICUs across the nation currently.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Data Collection , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Workforce , Neurology , Surveys and Questionnaires
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