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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882010

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the transmission chain of COVID-19 by serum antibody detection, and to provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control of the epidemic. Methods Field epidemiological investigation was used to determine the COVID-19 cases and their close contacts. The 2019-nCoV nucleic acid in throat swabs and anal swabs were examined by RT-PCR. Serum specimens were collected for anti-2019-nCoV IgM antibody detection and combined IgM/IgG detection. Results Case A had no confirmed exposure to COVID-19. However, case C and D had dinner and lived together with case A; they reported contact history and dinner history with other confirmed COVID-19 cases(H, L). Case A tested positive for 2019-nCoV nucleic acid, whereas case C and D were negative. Moreover, case A and C were IgM antibody positive, while case D was negative. Case A, C and D were all positive for combined IgM/IgG. In addition, case D had clinical symptom, while case C did not. Conclusion Serum antibody detection can be used as an effective supplement to the inference of transmission chain of COVID-19, which may facilitate determining the source of infection and improving the evidence.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921791

ABSTRACT

Under the background of the Belt and Road Initiative, the exchange of traditional medicine has become inevitable. China and Thailand are amicable neighbors, and the cooperation between the two countries in the field of traditional medicine has become increasingly close in recent years. Nevertheless, on account of the differences in culture, region, politics, economy and so on, the two countries have common features and unique characteristics in the theoretical system of traditional medicine, quality standard control of medicinal materials, research and development and use of medicinal materials. This paper summarizes the similarities and differences as well as the development opportunities of traditional medicine between China and Thailand. The specific content involves the development history, resources, and use of medicinal resources in Thailand, the main achievements and existing problems of modern research of Thai medicine, the spread and development of Chinese medicine in Thailand, and the spread and development of Thai medicine in China. Furthermore, the paper outlines the recent situation of traditional medicine interflow and cooperation between the two countries, and predicts the prospects for cooperation and development of traditional medicine between China and Thailand in the context of the Belt and Road Initiative, especially in the joint research and development and the improvement of quality standards of important medicinal plant varieties commonly used by the two countries and circulated across the border. Through the exchange and mutual learning, we can step up the traditional medicine cooperation between China and Thailand, which will provide advantageous conditions for the safety of medicine use as well as political and social stability between the two countries.


Subject(s)
China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Medicine, Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Research , Thailand
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606115

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the chitin enzyme protein(YKL-40),sCD40L,AFP and the correlation of hypertension with cor-onary heart disease(CHD).Methods 75 cases of elderly patients with CHD were selected as observation group,and then were di-vided into hypertension group and non hypertension group according to the blood pressure.103 cases of healthy elderly were select-ed as control group.ELISA method was used to detect YKL-40 and sCD40L,and AFP was detected by chemiluminescence immuno-assay.Results Clinical data comparison revealed that the relative risk of CHD with hypertension group and non hypertension of hy-perlipidemia,drinking,smoking,diabetes mellitus,were 1.56,1.33,1.23,1.15 times,data show that relative risk of CHD with hy-pertension were much greater than CHD without hyperlipidemia.The concentration of YKL-40 in CHD with hypertension(92.66± 12.04)ng/mL was significant higher than that in CHD without hypertension (57.08 ± 10.07 )ng/mL,and the concentration of sCD40L in CHD with hypertension (186.59 ± 69.63 )ng/mL was significant higher than that in CHD without hypertension (128.14±48.37)ng/mL(P 0.05).Conclusion The levels of YKL-40,CD40L and AFP in the peripheral blood of elderly patients with CHD were significantly increased.And the concentration of sCD40L and YKL-40 was positively correlated with hy-pertension,which can be used to assess the stability and prognosis of CHD.

4.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 207-212,233, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603809

ABSTRACT

Objective To discover more novel bat viruses and molecularly characterize bat-borne bocavirus diversity in Yunnan.Methods Twenty-six Aselliscus stoliczkanus were sampled in Jinghong , Yunnan, and subjected to viral metagenomic analysis.Specific PCR was used to detect any bocavirus in these samples based on the metagenomic result , while full genome was amplified and compared with other bocaviruses .Results and Conclusion Totally, 3 of the 26 (11.5%) bats were positive for bocavirus, the full genome of which contained 5203 nucleotides and could encode NS1, NP and VP1/VP2 proteins.Phylogenetic analysis showed that this virus shared up to 58.7% and 53.3% amino acid identities with canine bocavirus 1 and canine minute virus .According to ICTV criteria (85%amino acid sequence identity ) on a new species of bocavirus , this virus could be a novel species within genus Bocaparvovirus .This study provides important data to better understand viral diversity in bats and to uncover the relationship between bocavirus and its hosts .

5.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 329-331, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460571

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of CT virtual endoscopy on the small intestine (CTVE)technology for intestinal diseases. Methods Forty-nine cases with suspected small bowel disease were tested by CTVE from December 2010 to February 2014. They also were performed. Results Of 49 patients, operation or electronic endoscopy showed that 9 cases were benign tumors,29 cases with malignant tumors,3 cases with intestinal polyps,4 cases with intestinal inflammation,2 cases with bowel dysfunction and 2 cases with normal intestinal. CTVE test showed that 11 cases were with benign tumors,29 cases with malignant tumors,2 cases with intestinal inflammation,1 case with intestinal polyps,4 cases with intestinal dysfunction and 2 cases with normal small intestine. Better consistency between the two diagnosis was seen(Kappa = 0. 70). The accurate rate of diagnosis was 85. 71%(42 / 49). The correct rate of CTVE diagnosis of space occupying lesions was 90. 24%(37 / 41). The correct rate of non occupied lesions was 50. 00%(3 / 6). Conclusion CTVE technology has the advantages of simple operation,safe,painless,and clinical diagnosis of small bowel disease rate is higher especially for small bowel accounted disease. It is worthy of clinical application.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669866

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of diagnosis of total bile acid (TBA ) ,CEA ,CA199 ,CA72‐4 in gastric carcinoma combined detection .Methods From 2013 January to 2014 April in hospital of each stage of gastric cancer in 53 patients ,80 patients in benign gastric disease group and healthy group of 120 people ,were detected the concentration of TBA ,CEA ,CA199 respectively , the serum CA72‐4 .Results Three testing groups ,detecting indexes in patients with gastric cancer group were TBA (59 .55 ± 20 . 56)μmmol/L ,CEA (17 .26 ± 11 .69)g/L ,CA199 (82 .08 ± 6 .9)U/mL ,CA72‐4 (68 .65 ± 23 .05)U/mL ,concentrations were higher than the other two groups ,with statistically significant difference between groups (P0 .05) .Conclusion TBA ,CEA ,CA199 ,CA72‐4 index can be used as the detection index of clinical judgment of gastric tumor ,with a high clinical value of combined detection indexes of gastric cancer clinical treatment and prognosis .

7.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 51-57, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280295

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the prevalence of mosquito-borne viruses in Manshi and Ruili (Yunnan Province, China), we collected 2 149 mosquitoes (17 species) in August 2010. Virus isolation was undertaken by the cul- ture of baby hamster kidney cells (BHK-21 cells). Two virus-like isolates were obtained: DHL10M117 was isolated from collected in Mangshi; DHL10M110 was obtained from Anopheles vagus collected in Rui- li. Both isolates caused cytopathic effects,illness and death in suckling mice inoculated with these isolates via the intracerebral route. Two positive amplicons, 702-bp from the S segment and 456-bp from the M segment,were obtained using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using primers specific for the Akabane virus (AKV). Phylogenetic analysis suggested that these two virus stains had a distant relation- ship with AKVs from Kenya and Australia,but were genetically close to those from Japan,South Korea, and Taiwan. However,they were separate from other Asian strains and grouped into a small branch. The highest nucleotide and amino-acid sequence identity of the S segment was found with the CY-77 strain from Taiwan (96.6% and 99.6% for DHL10M117 and 96.7% and 100% for DHL10M110,respectively). Com- parison of the M segment showed they shared the highest amino acid identity with CY-77 (99.6% and 100%, respectively), whereas the highest nucleotide identity was found with the Iriki strain from Japan (99.6% and 100%, respectively). Compared with the MP496 strain from Kenya,they displayed lower lev- els of sequence homology, at 69.7% and 70.0% for nucleotide sequences of the two loci,and 91. 0% for a- mino acids. Our results identified that DHL10M117 and DHL10M110 were strains of AKV,and provided molecular biological evidence for the existence of AKV in Yunnan Province. These AKV strains that are circulating in Yunnan Province share a close genetic relationship with strains from the rest of Asia. Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Anopheles vagus may serve as transmission vectors.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Anopheles , Virology , Base Sequence , Bunyaviridae Infections , Virology , China , Cricetinae , Female , Humans , Insect Vectors , Virology , Male , Mice , Orthobunyavirus , Classification , Genetics , Physiology , Phylogeny , Sequence Homology , Viral Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 107-113, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280287

ABSTRACT

Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) is a zoonotic disease caused by the Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) complex. This disease has not yet been reported in China, and it is therefore essential to establish a rapid and accurate method for detection of the virus in order to prevent and control this disease. In this study, a one-step real-time quantitative RT-PCR method was developed for the detection of the VEEV complex. A pair of specific primers and a Taqman probe were designed corresponding to a conserved region of the VEEV gene nspl, allowing the detection of all known strains of different sub- types of the virus. Using RNA synthesized by in vitro transcription as template, the sensitivity of this method was measured at 3.27 x 10(2) copies/microL. No signal was generated in response to RNA from Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), nor to RNA encoding the nsp1 fragment of Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EE-EV) or Western equine encephalitis virus (WEEV), all of which belong to the same genus as VEEV. This indicates that the method has excellent specificity. These results show that this one-step real-time quantitative RT-PCR method may provide an effective tool for the detection of VEEV in China.


Subject(s)
China , DNA Primers , Genetics , Encephalitis Virus, Venezuelan Equine , Classification , Genetics , Encephalomyelitis, Venezuelan Equine , Virology , Humans , RNA, Viral , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods
9.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 939-941, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466023

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the comparison of volume of epicardium adipose tissue and calcification score on evaluating the degree of coronary artery stenosis(CHD).Methods Two hundred and ten cases with suspected coronary artery disease scanned by the 64 multi slice CT (MSCT) were selected as our subjects.One hundred and forty-five cases were diagnosed non coronary heart disease by with < 50% coronary artery stenosis by coronary angiography and served as non-CHD group.Other 55 cases were diagnosed as CHD with coronary artery stenosis ≥ 50% and served as CHD group.The volume of epicardium adipose tissue and calcification score of all cases were calculated with Siemens definition workstation.Results The volume of epicardium adpose tissue and calcification score in patients of CHD group were (117.3 ± 57.6) cm3 and (413.3 ± 670.5) %,significant different from that of non-CHD group ((100.0 ± 46.5) cm3,(36.2 ± 118.5).The differences were statistically significant (t =2.316,6.564; P < 0.05,P < 0.01).ROC curves showed that the sensitivity and specificity of calcification score were higher than the methods of volume of epicardium adipose tissue in terms of the diagnosis of stenosis and coronary artery disease.Conclusion Calcification score is proved to be a better method of predicting the coronary artery stenosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 632-637, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356655

ABSTRACT

Bats are considered as important animal reservoirs for many pathogenic viruses to humans. The viral metagenomic analysis was performed to study gut and lung tissues of 30 insectivorous bats collected in Yunnan Province and 26 reads were noted to group A rotavirus (RVA). Further RT-PCR screening on bat samples and in vitro viral isolation on cell cultures confirmed the presence of a novel RVA, named as RVA/Bat-tc/MYAS33/2013/G3P[10], in one of 30 Stoliczka's trident bats. The VP7 gene of this strain MYAS33 was closely related to that of an equine RVA strain from Argentina and the nucleotide sequence similarity was 93%, while its VP4 gene was a rare P[10] type and obtained the maximum sequence identity (94.8%) with that of a human strain from Thailand. The present study highlights the potential role of bats as reservoirs for RVAs.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Chiroptera , Virology , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Rotavirus , Classification , Genetics , Rotavirus Infections , Virology , Viral Proteins , Genetics
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 586-600, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233218

ABSTRACT

Bats are important reservoir animals and more than 60 viruses have been identified in bats with many of them highly pathogenic to human. In order to understand the natural background, genetic diversity of bat viruses in China and discover potential viral pathogens, Solexa sequencing based viral metagenomics focusing on bats tissues was established and to analyze the virome of bats collected from Jilin, Yunnan and Hunan province. By Solexa sequencing, 116 442 324 useful reads were obtained and assembled into 4 872 contigs, of which 8.2% (4 002/4 4872) were annotated to 36 viral families, including 19 vertebrate virus families, 6 plant virus families, 4 insect virus families and 4 phages. Further contigs analyses showed that some adenovirus, bocavirus, picobirnavirus, parvovirus contigs sequences were similar with known viruses. However, part of them shared limited identities to these viruses implying the discovery of new viruses. Moreover, PCR validation of adenovirus and bocavirus confirmed the results obtained by viral metagenomics. This study aimed to understand bat virome in China by viral metagenomics and could be helpful to establish effective surveillance on wildlife-associate zoonoses.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Genetics , Animals , Bunyaviridae , Genetics , China , Chiroptera , Virology , Genome, Viral , Genetics , Metagenome , Genetics , Metagenomics , Methods , Picornaviridae , Genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 71-74, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295836

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Recently, advancements in our ability to identify and study stem cell populations in the lung have helped researchers to elucidate the central role that cells with stem cell-like properties may have in lung tumorigenesis. Much of this research has focused on the use of the airway repair model to study response to injury. In this review, we discuss the primary evidence of the role that cancer stem cells play in lung cancer development. The implications of a stem cell origin of lung cancer are reviewed, and the importance of ongoing research to identify novel therapeutic and prognostic targets is reiterated.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Pathology , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Humans , Lung Injury , Lung Neoplasms , Pathology , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Pathology , Regeneration
13.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 59-62, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295807

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is responsible for 29% of cancer deaths in the United States and has very low 5-year survival rates of approximately 11% in men and 15% in women. Although the early diagnosis of lung cancer may increase the survival rate with adequate treatment, advanced lung cancers are often metastasized and receive limited benefit from therapeutic regimens. As conventional treatments for lung cancer reach their limitations, researchers have attempted to discover novel drug therapies aimed at specific targets contributing to the progression of tumorigenesis. Recent advances in systems biology have enabled the molecular biology of lung carcinogenesis to be elucidated. Our understanding of the physiologic processes of tumor development provide a means to design more effective and specific drugs with less toxicity, thereby accelerating the delivery of new drug therapies to the patient's bedside.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Small Cell , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Drug Delivery Systems , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Molecular Targeted Therapy , Methods , Mutation , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) , ErbB Receptors , ras Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328086

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study age structure and medicinal parts biomass accumulation of Acanthopanax giraldii population in West Sichuan Plateau.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The methods of plant population ecology were applied to the study. The ramets of A. giraldii were collected in sample plot, survey the age, height, basal diameter and biomass of ramets,and also survey the number,stem bark height and length of the one-year-shoot growing in clonal ramets. Then statistically analyzed the survey data.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The article revealed growth rule of A. giraldii population. The mortality rate of clonal ramets reached a peak after six years growth. The power exponential fuction could reflect the correlation of age to the height, basal diameter and biomass of ramets. The production of medicinal parts was stable between two to six years growth of clonal ramets.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Suggested to harvest medicinal parts after three years growth of the clonal ramets. The study could provide biologic basis to population management and sustainable harvest of A. giraldii.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomass , Ecosystem , Eleutherococcus , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Time Factors
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813818

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of ulinastain on the expression of hemeoxy genase-1 (HO-1) in oil acid-induced acute lung injury in rats.@*METHODS@#The animal model of acute lung injury was established by oil acid. Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: the blank control group (A), the acute lung injury group (B) and the acute lung injury group (C) followed by injecting 100 mL/kg ulinastatin. Each group consisted of 10 rats. Group A were given 0.2 mL/kg natural solution through the trial vein; Group B and C were given 0.2 mL/kg oil-acid through trial vein, while group C were injected 100mL/kg ulinastatin by the peritoneal cavity after injecting oil acid. After 4 hours, the rates of respiration were counted and blood samples were cramped out through the heart puncture for blood gas analysis. The expressions of hemeoxygenase-1 and the pathologic construction changes were determined by HE staining in the lower right lung of rats in the 3 groups.@*RESULTS@#The respiration dysfunction caused by oil acid could be prominently improved by ulinastain. There was only a little expression of hemeoxygenase-1 in the lung of Group A, but the expression increased in Group B and significatively increased in Group C.@*CONCLUSION@#Ulinastatin may protect the rats from acute lung injury through increasing the expression of HO-1.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury , Metabolism , Animals , Glycoproteins , Pharmacology , Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing) , Metabolism , Lung , Metabolism , Male , Oleic Acid , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-530783

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To optimize kind of safe and effective iodophor thinner.METHODS:Iodophor solutions in several different solvents were made and diluted 5,10 and 20 times,respectively.Then their microbicidal potentials on 3 standard strains were monitored.RESULTS:The standard strains were all killed within 5 min by iodophor solution in normal sodium or by low multiple diluted iodophor solution in distilled water;however,there were a few Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa still alive within 5 min in high multiple diluted iodophor solution in distilled water.Iodophor solution in tap water failed to kill all the standard strains,especially the Pseudomonas aeruginosa.CONCLUSION:Normal saline solution and distilled water have been proved to be the ideal iodophor thinners.

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