Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 702
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907813

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of microRNA-187-5p (miR-187-5p) on osteoporosis (OP) as well as the related molecular mechanism.Methods:The level of miR-187-5p and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP, the osteoclast marker) was quantitatively detected in TRANKL-induced OP group and control (con) group by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) ; Cell counting kit 8 (CCK8) was used to measure the viability of murine macrophage cell line (RAW264.7) ; Western blot was used to detect the expression of p65 and TNFα. Moreover, the dual luciferase reporter assays was applied to detect the interaction between miR-187-5p and p65.Results:The osteoclast proliferation determined by CCK8 and the mRNA level of TRAP detected by RT-qPCR demonstrated that the growth of osteoclast was inhibited in OP group compared with that in con group ( P=0.008; P=0.017) , which reversed by miR-187-5p mimic stimulation ( P=0.023; P=0.037) . The miR-187-5p was lowly expressed in OP group compared with that in con group ( P=0.031) ,which was increased by miR-187-5p mimic treatment compared with miR-187-5p NC treatment ( P=0.041) . Moreover, western blot indicated that the protein level of p65 and TNFα in OP group were up-regulated compared with that in con group ( P=0.034; P=0.024) , which restored by the miR-187-5p mimic co-incubation ( P=0.028; P=0.036) . Moreover, the RT-qPCR indicated that the mRNA level of p65 in OP group was also increased compared with that in con group ( P=0.039) , and the miR-187-5p mimic co-incubation decreased the mRNA level of p65, compared with miR-187-5p NC group ( P=0.025) . The dual luciferase reporter assays indicated that there was an interaction between miR-187-5p and p65. Conclusion:miR-187-5p alleviates OP through inhibiting the activity of osteoclast via RANKL/NFκB signaling

2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1777-1785, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918203

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the accuracy of the Agatston score obtained with the ultra-high-pitch (UHP) acquisition mode using tin-filter spectral shaping (Sn150 kVp) and a kVp-independent reconstruction algorithm to reduce the radiation dose. @*Materials and Methods@#This prospective study included 114 patients (mean ± standard deviation, 60.3 ± 9.8 years; 74 male) who underwent a standard 120 kVp scan and an additional UHP Sn150 kVp scan for coronary artery calcification scoring (CACS). These two datasets were reconstructed using a standard reconstruction algorithm (120 kVp + Qr36d, protocol A; Sn150 kVp + Qr36d, protocol B). In addition, the Sn150 kVp dataset was reconstructed using a kVp-independent reconstruction algorithm (Sn150 kVp + Sa36d, protocol C). The Agatston scores for protocols A and B, as well as protocols A and C, were compared.The agreement between the scores was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and the Bland–Altman plot. The radiation doses for the 120 kVp and UHP Sn150 kVp acquisition modes were also compared. @*Results@#No significant difference was observed in the Agatston score for protocols A (median, 63.05; interquartile range [IQR], 0–232.28) and C (median, 60.25; IQR, 0–195.20) (p = 0.060). The mean difference in the Agatston score for protocols A and C was relatively small (-7.82) and with the limits of agreement from -65.20 to 49.56 (ICC = 0.997). The Agatston score for protocol B (median, 34.85; IQR, 0–120.73) was significantly underestimated compared with that for protocol A (p < 0.001). The UHP Sn150 kVp mode facilitated an effective radiation dose reduction by approximately 30% (0.58 vs. 0.82 mSv, p < 0.001) from that associated with the standard 120 kVp mode. @*Conclusion@#The Agatston scores for CACS with the UHP Sn150 kVp mode with a kVp-independent reconstruction algorithm and the standard 120 kVp demonstrated excellent agreement with a small mean difference and narrow agreement limits. The UHP Sn150 kVp mode allowed a significant reduction in the radiation dose.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 951-955, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911914

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of angioplasty on percutaneous superior vena cava occlusion in hemodialysis patients with tunnel-cuffed catheter (TCC) under digital subtraction angiography (DSA) guidance.Methods:A total of 62 hemodialysis patients with TCC in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from December 2017 to June 2020 were enrolled retrospectively. According to the patency of the superior vena cava, the patients were divided into experiment group ( n=20) and control group ( n=42) in this study. Hemodialysis patients with superior vena cava occlusion in the experiment group received angioplasty, including balloon angioplasty, stenting and sharp recanalization, and catheterization with TCC under DSA guidance, while hemodialysis patients without superior vena cava occlusion in the control group only underwent catheterization with TCC under DSA guidance. The 1-year TCC patency rate, postoperative TCC blood flow and treatment-related complications between the two groups were compared. Results:In the experiment group, a total of 11 patients were treated only by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, while 9 patients were treated combined percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stent placement. In addition, 3 patients underwent sharp recanalization of superior vena cava occlusion. A total of 9 stents and 29 balloons were used. The course of dialysis in experiment group was longer than that in control group ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the 1-year TCC patency rate (85.0% vs 95.2%, P>0.05), postoperative TCC blood flow [(257.83±16.55) ml/min vs (251.90±18.79) ml/min, P>0.05] and incidence of treatment-related complications (grade 1-2, 30.0% vs 35.7%, P>0.05) between the two groups, respectively. Patients in the two groups had none of serious operation-related complications, and only some patients had mild clinical manifestations, such as postoperative pain and bleeding at the puncture point. Conclusions:For patients with longer duration of hemodialysis and superior vena cava stenosis and occlusion treated with angioplasty, the clinical effect of TCC within one year is equivalent to that of hemodialysis patients without angioplasty.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911581

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of Rotarex in peripheral arterial disease (PAD).Methods:The clinical data of 90 PAD patients treated with Rotarex from Aug 2018 to Feb 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among the 90 patients, 45 patients had atherosclerotic obliterans complicated with acute thrombosis (ASOCAT), 27 patients had graft restenosis or reocclusion, 16 patients had primary or embolism-induced thrombosis, 2 patients had traumatic or iatrogenic arterial occlusion. Except for 2 patients undergoing hybrid surgery, 88 patients underwent endovascular treatment. Two patients died perioperatively. Within 12 months follow-up, 2 patients died, 4 patients underwent major amputation, target arteries of 10 patients were re-stenosed or re-occluded and 5 patients were lost to follow-up. Compared with the preoperative ankle-branchial index (ABI), significant increase was observed in the 12-month ABI (0.80±0.22 vs. 0.43±0.16, P<0.01). The 12-month restenosis/re-occlusion-free rate was 82.7%, and the 12-month major amputation-free survival (MAFS) was 91.6%. Conclusion:For PAD patients, acceptable outcomes can be achieved with reasonable use of Rotarex for debulking, combined with balloon, stent and other techniques to correct the residual lesions.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911574

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a Zenith fenestrated aortic stent-graft (ZFEN) system in the treatment of short-necked aneurysms.Methods:The clinical data of 5 patients receiving F-EVAR in Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from Mar 2018 to Sep 2019 according to the standards of short-necked abdominal aortic aneurysm and COOK ZFEN custom stent were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Patients' average age was (69±11) years old. The time of stent customization was 4-6 weeks. The average maximum diameter of AAA was (60.8±14.0) mm. The average proximal neck diameter was (26.0±2.6) mm and the average length anchoring zone was (6.4±2.2) mm. The rate of technical success was 100%. There was no intraoperative loss of visceral vessels and stent displacement. The meane follow-up time was 6.8 months. The perioperative mortality was 0, and there were no other major complications. There were 3 patients with simple type Ⅱ endoleak and 1 patient with type Ⅲ endoleak. The endoleaks disappeared in 4 patients during follow-up of 3-12 months. 1 patient suffered with type Ⅱ and type Ⅲ endoleak, and the visceral vessels and branching stents were patent in all patients.Conclusion:The short term result of COOK ZFEN stent-graft system was safe and feasible for the treatment of short-necked AAA.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1500-1508, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910741

ABSTRACT

Objective:Comparison of biomechanical stability of S 2-alar-iliac screw and S 1 pedicle screw fixation (S 2AI-S 1) with conventional sacroiliac screw in the treatment of Denis type II sacral fractures by finite element analysis. Methods:The lumbar spine and pelvis of a male volunteer with normal skeletal structure were scanned by CT, followed by three-dimensional reconstruction. The finite element model of right Denis type II sacral fracture and pubic symphysis injury was constructed using ANSYS 17.0 software. The anterior pelvic ring is fixed with a five-hole steel plate, and the posterior pelvic ring is fixed with four different internal fixation methods, namely, sacroiliac screw (S 1 segment half-thread hollow screw), S 2AI-S 1 and S 2AI screw and contralateral S 1 screw fixation (S 2AI-CS 1). By restraining the bilateral acetabular and applying 500 N vertical stress above the L 4 vertebral body, the maximum displacement, maximum von Mises stress and vertical stiffness of the three groups of internal fixation were compared. Results:In terms of the maximum displacement of the sacrum in the vertical and anteroposterior directions, the S 2AI-S 1 model was the smallest (1.40 mm, 1.40 mm, respectively), while the S 2AI-CS 1 model was the largest (1.60 mm, 1.56 mm, respectively); In terms of the maximum displacement of the sacrum in the horizontal direction, the S 2AI-S 1 model is the smallest (0.19 mm), while the SIS model is the largest (0.37 mm); In terms of the maximum von Mises stress of internal fixation, the stress of the sacroiliac screw model is the largest (216.02 MPa), while the stress of the S 2AI-S 1 model is the smallest (39.82 MPa); In terms of the maximum von Mises stress of the bone around the screw, the stress of the sacroiliac screw model (39.68 MPa) is the largest and that of the S 2AI-S 1 model is the smallest (31.56 MPa); In terms of the vertical displacement of the center point of the upper surface of the S 1 vertebral body, the sacroiliac screw, S 2AI-S 1 and S 2AI-CS 1 groups were 0.83 mm, 0.73 mm and 0.93 mm, respectively. Using the vertical displacement of the center point of the upper surface of the S 1 vertebral body to predict the vertical stiffness of the three groups of models, from large to small, are S 2AI-S 1, sacroiliac screw and S 2AI-CS 1. Conclusion:S 2AI-S 1 fixation has good biomechanical stability in three-dimensional finite element analysis. It can be used as a new type of internal fixation for the treatment of sacral fractures and is worthy of promotion.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910047

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the surgical strategies for anteromedial tibial plateau compression fracture complicated with posterolateral corner injury.Methods:From 2015 January to 2020 July, 18 patients with anteromedial tibial plateau compression fracture complicated with posterolateral corner injury were admitted to Department Ⅲ of Orthopaedics, Zhongshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine. They were 11 males and 7 females, aged from 28 to 57 years (average, 38.6 years). By the CT three-column theory, all their fractures were medial column ones; by the Fanelli classification, there were 5 cases of type B and 13 cases of type C. Seventeen patients with fresh fracture were treated with arthroscopic ligament reconstruction and meniscus repair followed by primary reduction and fixation of tibial plateau fracture. The one patient with obsolete injury was treated with high tibial osteotomy around the knee joint and reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. Recorded were the patients' fracture healing time, knee Lysholm score, joint range of motion and complications.Results:The 17 patients with fresh injuries were followed up for 12 to 24 months (average, 18.4 months). Their fracture healing time ranged from 12 to 24 weeks (average, 17.7 weeks). By one year after surgery, their knee extension reached 0° and their knee flexion from 120° to 135° (average, 131.9°); their knee Lysholm scores ranged from 88 to 95 points (average, 91.2 points). The one patient with old injuries was followed up for 18 months, with fracture healing time of 18 weeks, knee range of motion from 0° to 120° and knee Lysholm score of 86 points by one year after operation. None of the patients reported such complications as neurovascular injury, wound infection, internal fixation failure or nonunion.Conclusion:For anteromedial tibial plateau compression fracture complicated with posterolateral corner injury, primary repair and reconstruction can restore knee joint stability, leading to fine therapeutic outcomes.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of calcium sulfate on the proliferation of osteoblast-like MG-63 cells and the osteoprotegerin/receptor activator of NF-κB ligand/receptor activator of NF-κB (OPG/RANKL/RANK) system.Methods:The extract of calcium sulfate was prepared. The osteoblast-like MG-63 cells were cultured for 24 hours in the medium containing calcium sulfate (the calcium sulfate group) and in the normal medium without calcium sulfate (the blank group), respectively. The growth of osteoblast-like MG-63 cells was observed and their proliferation detected by CCK-8. The mRNA and protein expression levels of OPG/RANKL were detected.Results:The growth of osteoblast-like MG-63 cells was fine in both groups. The CCK-8 test showed that the absorbance value at 24 h was 0.997±0.008 for the calcium sulfate group, significantly higher than that for the blank group (0.640±0.003) ( P<0.001). Respectively, the mRNA expression levels of OPG were 2.834±0.176 and 1.005±0.102 and the mRNA expression levels of RANKL 0.355±0.035 and 1.002±0.068 for the calcium sulfate group and the blank control group, showing statistically significant differences ( P<0.001). The results of Western blot showed that compared with the blank control group, the protein expression of OPG in osteoblast-like MG-63 cells was promoted but the protein expression of RANKL inhibited in the calcium sulfate group. Conclusion:Calcium sulfate may have a positive effect on bone formation, because it can promote the proliferation and activity of osteoblast-like MG-63 cells and regulate the OPG/RANKL/RANK system.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1048-1054, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909975

ABSTRACT

The coupling effect of angiogenesis and osteogenesis is of great significance for the remodeling of bone microenvironment. As a bone-specific microvascular subtype with high expression of CD31 and Endomucin(CD31 hiEmcn hi),H-type vessels are mainly distributed in the metaphysis,surrounded by Osterix + and Runt-related transcription factor 2(Runx2 +)osteogenic progenitor cells. H-type vessels,regulated by vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF),platelet-derived growth factor BB(PDGF-BB),slit guidance ligand 3(SLIT3),hypoxia inducible factor 1α(HIF-1α),Notch and other signals,participate in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs),osteoblasts,osteoclasts,endothelial cells,etc. The mechanism of H-type vessels in coupling osteogenesis with angiogenesis has become a hot spot in recent research. The authors explore the progress of the mechanism of H-type vessels in coupling osteogenesis with angiogenesis by reviewing the characteristics of H-type vessel,mechanism of H-type vessel regulating bone formation,regulation mechanism of H-type vessel formation and related influencing factors,to provide a reference for clinical bone injury repair and anti-osteoporosis treatment.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1336-1341, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909706

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of silencing and overexpression of prostate tumor overexpressed 1 (PTOV1) on the proliferation and migration of esophageal squamous cell lines Ec9706 and TE-1, in order to explore the role of PTOV1 in the development of esophageal cancer.Methods:Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell lines were cultured in vitro. Lentivirus transfection was used to knock down the expression of PTOV1 in Ec9706 cells, up regulate the expression of PTOV1 in TE-1 cell lines. The expression of PTOV1 in the above cell lines was detected by Western blot. Scratch test, transwell cell migration test, cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) test and colony formation test were used to study the difference of proliferation and migration ability of homologous esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells with different expression levels of PTOV1. Results:Western blot showed that the expression of PTOV1 in Ec9706 cells transfected with lentivirus was significantly lower than that in the empty vector group, and the expression of PTOV1 in TE-1 cells transfected with lentivirus was significantly higher than that in the empty vector group, which confirmed that the transfection was successful. After silencing the expression of PTOV1 in Ec9706 cell line, the cell migration rate, the number of transmembrane cells, proliferation ability and colony formation rate decreased compared with the empty vector group ( P<0.05). After overexpression of PTOV1 in TE-1 cell line, the cell migration rate, the number of transmembrane cells, proliferation ability and colony formation rate were higher than those in empty vector group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:PTOV1 can promote cell proliferation and migration in esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) cell line.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1084-1087, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of the cannula under laparoscopy, percutaneous puncture cannula, and conventional surgery cannula for peritoneal dialysis.Methods:From May 3, 2015 to February 14, 2020, 87 patients with end-stage renal disease needing peritoneal dialysis in Ningbo Zhenhai People's Hospital were enrolled. These patients were divided into three groups including cannula under laparoscopy (23 cases), percutaneous puncture cannula (29 cases), and conventional surgery cannula (35 cases). The baseline characteristics, perioperative conditions (surgical time, post-surgical hospitalization time), the incidence of recent complications (abdominal hemorrhage, direct abdominal hemorrhage, incision pain, leakage, catheter shift, peritonitis), and long-term complications (catheter shift, peritonitis, hernia, thoracic and abdominal fistula, abdominal tube obstruction) among the three groups were compared.Results:Compared with the group of conventional surgery cannula, the operation time in the group of cannula under laparoscopy and the group of percutaneous puncture cannula were significantly shorter (minutes: 32.5±12.3, 28.9±11.8 vs. 61.3±15.4, both P < 0.05), the in-hospital stay in the group of cannula under laparoscopy and the group of percutaneous puncture cannula were reduced (days: 9.8±3.4, 9.2±2.6 vs. 10.7±3.2), but there was no statistical significance among the three groups ( P > 0.05). The incidence of abdominal bleeding, rectus abdominis bleeding, and incision pain in the group of cannula under laparoscopy and the group of percutaneous puncture cannula were significantly lower than those in the group of conventional surgery cannula [incidence of abdominal bleeding: 4.3% (1/23), 3.4% (1/29) vs. 22.9% (8/35), incidence of rectus abdominis bleeding: 4.3% (1/23), 3.4% (1/29) vs. 22.9% (8/35), incidence of incision pain: 8.7% (2/23), 10.3% (3/29) vs. 42.9% (15/35), all P < 0.01]. The difference between the group of cannula under laparoscopy and the group of percutaneous puncture cannula had no statistical significance. Compared with the group of conventional surgery cannula and the group of percutaneous puncture cannula, the incidence of catheter displacement in the group of cannula under laparoscopy was significantly reduced [4.3% (1/23) vs. 27.6% (8/29), 31.4% (11/35), both P < 0.05]. Compared with the group of conventional surgery cannula and the group of percutaneous puncture cannula, the incidence of catheter displacement in long-term complications in the group of cannula under laparoscopy was significantly reduced [4.3% (1/23) vs. 24.1% (7/29), 31.4% (11/35), both P < 0.05], however, the difference of that between the group of conventional surgery cannula and the group of percutaneous puncture cannula was not statistically significant. The incidence of hernia in the group of cannula under laparoscopy was significantly higher than that in the group of percutaneous puncture cannula or in the group of conventional surgery cannula [21.7% (5/23) vs. 3.4% (1/29), 2.8% (1/35), both P < 0.05], and all of that were umbilical hernia, however, the difference of that between the group of percutaneous puncture cannula and the group of conventional surgery cannula was not statistically significant. Conclusion:Compared with the traditional conventional surgical cannula placement methods, percutaneous puncture has the advantages of simple operation, short operation time, small trauma, but still cannot reduce the incidence of drift tube; laparoscopic peritoneal dialysis tube has the advantages of short operation time, small trauma and low catheter displacement rate, but increases the risk of umbilical hernia.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909232

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of fine anatomy combined with exposure of recurrent laryngeal nerve in cricothyroid space in differentiated thyroid cancer surgery.Methods:Sixty patients with differentiated thyroid cancer who received treatment in Ningbo Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2017 to April 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive either fine anatomy combined with exposure of recurrent laryngeal nerve in cricothyroid space (observation group, n = 30) or routine surgery + inferior thyroid artery exposure of recurrent laryngeal nerve (control group, n = 30). Operative time, the volume of intraoperative blood loss, and the number of lymph node dissected were compared between the two groups. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) and blood calcium (Ca 2+) concentrations in the two groups were determined. The adverse reactions such as recurrent laryngeal nerve and parathyroid injury were observed in each group. Results:Operative time, the volume of intraoperative blood loss, and the number of lymph node dissected in the observation group were (71.28 ± 10.08) minutes, (16.69 ± 4.65) mL, and (4.78 ± 1.26), respectively, which were significantly different from those in the control group [(69.27 ± 11.89) minutes, (17.14 ± 4.52) mL, (4.76 ± 1.22), t = 0.706, 0.380, 0.062, all P > 0.05]. Before surgery, there were no significant differences in PTH and Ca 2+ concentrations between the two groups [PTH: (50.24 ± 11.21) g/L vs. (50.21 ± 11.19) g/L; Ca 2+: (2.18 ± 0.08) mmol/L vs. (2.17 ± 0.09) mmol/L, t = 0.010, 0.454, both P > 0.05]. After surgery, PTH and Ca 2+ concentrations in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group [PTH: [(31.44 ± 6.09) g/L vs. (16.57 ± 2.35) g/L; Ca 2+: (2.07 ± 0.10) mmol/L vs. (1.23 ± 0.12) mmol/L, t = 12.477, 29.454, both P < 0.01]. Total incidence of adverse reactions in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [10.00% (3/30) vs. 46.67% (14/30), χ2 = 9.931, P < 0.01). Conclusion:Application of fine anatomy combined with exposure of recurrent laryngeal nerve in cricothyroid space in differentiated thyroid cancer surgery is highly effective in the clinic. Accurate identification of recurrent laryngeal nerve in cricothyroid space is helpful to preserve the parathyroid gland and blood supply in situ, leads to a small range of changes in PTH and Ca 2+ concentrations, reduces postoperative complications, so as to protect the recurrent laryngeal nerve and parathyroid gland and thereby promote postoperative recovery.

13.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2400-2404, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904956

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression level of serum miR-486-5p in patients with pancreatic cancer and the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Methods A total of 60 patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in Qingdao Municipal Hospital from September 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled, among whom 32 patients had resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (operable group) and 28 had unresectable pancreatic cancer (non-operable group), and a benign pancreatic disease group with 30 patients and a healthy control group with 44 individuals were also established. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the serum level of miR-486-5p in each group, and the relative expression level of miR-486-5p was calculated to analyze its association with the clinical features of pancreatic cancer, including age, sex, tumor location, tumor size, TNM stage, lymphatic metastasis, and distant metastasis. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous variables between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical variables. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and a binary logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the combined predictive value and then investigate the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Results The relative expression level of serum miR-486-5p in the operable group [2.16 (1.38~3.30)] and the non-operable group [4.65 (2.80~9.90)] was significantly higher than that in the benign pancreatic disease group [1.01 (0.52~1.53)] and the healthy control group [0.99 (0.24~1.01)] (all P < 0.001). There were significant differences in the number of patients with low or high expression of miR-486-5p between the patients with different TNM stages, presence or absence of lymphatic metastasis, and presence or absence of distant metastasis ( χ 2 =13.765, 5.157, and 6.638, all P < 0.05). Compared with CA19-9 alone, miR-486-5p+CA19-9 had a significantly better value in distinguishing the operable group from the benign pancreatic disease group (area under the ROC curve [AUC]=0.87, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.760-0.942; with a sensitivity of 81.3% and a specificity of 83.3%), distinguishing the operable group from the healthy control group (AUC=0.92, 95% CI : 0.836-0.970; with a sensitivity of 90.6% and a specificity of 86.4%), and distinguishing the operable group from the non-operable group (AUC=0.94, 95% CI : 0.884-0.998; with a sensitivity of 85.7% and a specificity of 93.7%) ( Z =2.841, 2.510, and 2.387, all P < 0.05), and the optimal cut-off values were 3.12, 3.21, and 6.63, respectively. Conclusion MiR-486-5p can be used as a serum biomarker for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, and miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 has a better clinical value than CA19-9 alone in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer in the patients with benign pancreatic diseases and the healthy population.

14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2400-2404, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904906

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression level of serum miR-486-5p in patients with pancreatic cancer and the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Methods A total of 60 patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in Qingdao Municipal Hospital from September 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled, among whom 32 patients had resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (operable group) and 28 had unresectable pancreatic cancer (non-operable group), and a benign pancreatic disease group with 30 patients and a healthy control group with 44 individuals were also established. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the serum level of miR-486-5p in each group, and the relative expression level of miR-486-5p was calculated to analyze its association with the clinical features of pancreatic cancer, including age, sex, tumor location, tumor size, TNM stage, lymphatic metastasis, and distant metastasis. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous variables between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical variables. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and a binary logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the combined predictive value and then investigate the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Results The relative expression level of serum miR-486-5p in the operable group [2.16 (1.38~3.30)] and the non-operable group [4.65 (2.80~9.90)] was significantly higher than that in the benign pancreatic disease group [1.01 (0.52~1.53)] and the healthy control group [0.99 (0.24~1.01)] (all P < 0.001). There were significant differences in the number of patients with low or high expression of miR-486-5p between the patients with different TNM stages, presence or absence of lymphatic metastasis, and presence or absence of distant metastasis ( χ 2 =13.765, 5.157, and 6.638, all P < 0.05). Compared with CA19-9 alone, miR-486-5p+CA19-9 had a significantly better value in distinguishing the operable group from the benign pancreatic disease group (area under the ROC curve [AUC]=0.87, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.760-0.942; with a sensitivity of 81.3% and a specificity of 83.3%), distinguishing the operable group from the healthy control group (AUC=0.92, 95% CI : 0.836-0.970; with a sensitivity of 90.6% and a specificity of 86.4%), and distinguishing the operable group from the non-operable group (AUC=0.94, 95% CI : 0.884-0.998; with a sensitivity of 85.7% and a specificity of 93.7%) ( Z =2.841, 2.510, and 2.387, all P < 0.05), and the optimal cut-off values were 3.12, 3.21, and 6.63, respectively. Conclusion MiR-486-5p can be used as a serum biomarker for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, and miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 has a better clinical value than CA19-9 alone in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer in the patients with benign pancreatic diseases and the healthy population.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888675

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the potential mechanisms of electroacupuncture (EA) to prevent ischemic stroke.@*METHODS@#The method of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was employed to establish a rat model of ischemic stroke. Seventy-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into the sham group, MCAO + EA control (EC) group, and MCAO + EA (EA) group according to a random number table (n=26 per group). EA was applied to the acupoints of Baihui (DU 20) and Shenting (DU 24) 5 min and 6 h, respectively after the onset of MCAO. Rats in the sham and EC groups received only light isoflurane anesthesia for 30 min after MCAO. The neuroprotective effects of EA were evaluated by rota-rod test, neurological deficit scores and infarct volumes. Additionally, Nissl staining and immunostaining were performed to examine brain damage, rod formation, cellular apoptosis, and neuronal loss induced by ischemia. The activities of caspase-3, and expression levels of cofilin and p-cofilin in mitochondria and cytoplasm after ischemic injury were determined by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the EC group, EA significantly improved neuromotor function and cognitive ability after ischemic stroke (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Therapeutic use of EA also resulted in a significant decrease of cofilin rod formation and microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP2) degradation in the cortical penumbra area compared with the EC rats (P<0.01). Furthermore, Western blot analysis showed that EA stimulation significantly inhibited mitochondrial translocation of cofilin and caspase-3 cleavage (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Additionally, brain damage (infarct volume and neuropathy), cellular apoptosis and neuronal loss induced by ischemia were remarkably suppressed by EA in the cortical penumbra of rats (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#EA treatment after ischemic stroke may attenuate ischemic brain injury and cellular apoptosis through the regulation of mitochondrial translocation of cofilin, a novel mechanism of EA therapy.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874359

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study attempted to detect the changes of cervical cancer screening rate and willingness among female migrants, and the associated socio-demographic factors in Shenzhen city. @*Materials and Methods@#Two citywide surveys were conducted using a multistage random cluster sampling method in 2011 and 2014, respectively. Data on demographic characteristics, screening participation, and willingness to screen were collected. Logistic regression models were applied to detect possible associated socio-demographic characteristics, and their variations with survey years. @*Results@#In total, 12,017 female migrants were enrolled, with a mean age (standard deviation) of 36.73 (6.55) years. From 2011 to 2014, the screening rate increased (25.8% vs. 35.1%, p < 0.001), while the willingness to screen remained stable (82.2% vs. 82.8%, p=0.46). Overall, socio-demographic characteristics of female migrants, including age, marital status, education, monthly income, employment, and medical insurance, were found to be positively associated with screening participation. Similar impacts in relation to willingness were observed except for age. However, these associations varied with survey years, mainly in the contributions of education and monthly income to screening participation, as well as age, monthly income, and medical insurance to willingness of being screened. @*Conclusion@#Identifying changes of associated socio-demographic factors precisely is warranted of necessity, which provides novel clues to adjust targeted actions regularly in promoting cervical cancer screening participation among female migrants in Shenzhen.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2054-2065, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887637

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The Nuclear Dbf2-related (NDR1) kinase is a member of the NDR/LATS family, which was a supplementary of Hippo pathway. However, whether NDR1 could inhibit glioblastoma (GBM) growth by phosphorylating Yes-associated protein (YAP) remains unknown. Meanwhile, the role of NDR1 in GBM was not clear. This study aimed to investigate the role of NDR1-YAP pathway in GBM.@*METHODS@#Bioinformation analysis and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were performed to identify the expression of NDR1 in GBM. The effect of NDR1 on cell proliferation and cell cycle was analyzed utilizing CCK-8, clone formation, immunofluorescence and flow cytometry, respectively. In addition, the xenograft tumor model was established as well. Protein interaction was examined by Co-immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence to observe co-localization.@*RESULTS@#Bioinformation analysis and IHC of our patients' tumor tissues showed that expression of NDR1 in tumor tissue was relatively lower than that in normal tissues and was positively related to a lower survival rate. NDR1 could markedly reduce the proliferation and colony formation of U87 and U251. Furthermore, the results of flow cytometry showed that NDR1 led to cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase. Tumor growth was also inhibited in xenograft nude mouse models in NDR1-overexpression group. Western blotting and immunofluorescence showed that NDR1 could integrate with and phosphorylate YAP at S127 site. Meanwhile, NDR1 could mediate apoptosis process.@*CONCLUSION@#In summary, our findings point out that NDR1 functions as a tumor suppressor in GBM. NDR1 is identified as a novel regulator of YAP, which gives us an in-depth comprehension of the Hippo signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Nucleus/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Glioblastoma , Humans , Mice , Phosphorylation , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Signal Transduction
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2015-2024, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887005

ABSTRACT

UDP glucosyltransferase (UDPGT) catalyzes the synthesis of secondary metabolites and plant hormones to regulate plant growth and development, pathogen defense and environmental adaptability. In this study 18 members of the RcUDPGT gene family were cloned from Tibetan Rhodiola crenulata and analyzed using bioinformatics. The tissue-specific expression, abiotic stresses and plant hormones (abscisic acid, auxin, methyl jasmonate) induced expression patterns were identified by real-time quantitative PCR. The bait vector of RcUDPGT (JX228125.1) was constructed to select interacting proteins from an Arabidopsis yeast library. The results of the bioinformatics analysis revealed that RcUDPGT nucleotide sequences were about 1 400 bp and encoded 452-498 amino acids. In the primary protein sequences, C-terminal sequences were more conserved compared with N-terminal regions, which held a PSPG (plant secondary product glycosyltransferase) domain. In the tertiary structures, RcUDPGTs contained a UDP sugar donor recognition binding site. In addition, all genes had multiple phosphorylation sites. The results of qRT-PCR showed that RcUDPGTs genes were expressed in root, stem and leaf. The expression levels were regulated by low temperature/ultraviolet light and various plant hormones (ABA, IAA, MeJA), but the expression patterns were quite different among them. For example, RcUDPGT6, RcUDPGT11, and RcUDPGT17 had the highest expression in leaves and were induced by all three hormones, suggesting that the functions of these genes might be to respond to environmental changes. RcUDPGT9, RcUDPGT10, RcUDPGT14 were most abundantly expressed in roots and were significantly induced by ABA and MeJA hormones, indicating that these genes may be involved in the synthesis and accumulation of salidroside. Yeast two-hybrid results showed that RcUDPGT did not exhibit autoactivation and cell toxicity, and two significant interactional genes were identified, AtKCR1 (AT1G67730.1) and AtSNL4 (AT1G70060). The AtKCR1 gene encodes a β-ketoacyl reductase (KCR) involved in synthesis of very long chain fatty acids. The AtSNL4 gene encodes a homolog of the transcriptional repressor SIN3, which could participate in the ABA hormone signaling pathway and enhance the transcriptional repression of AP2/EREBP class factors in Arabidopsis. These results suggest that the accumulation of the secondary metabolite salidroside in Rhodiola crenulata might be affected by several regulatory mechanisms. The above results may lay the foundation for understanding the adaptive mechanism of Rhodiola crenulata in a high altitude environment and stimulate an in-depth study of the synthesis and accumulation of secondary metabolites in this species.

19.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 579-584, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885465

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the clinical, pathological, electrophysiological and genic characteristics of a patient with familial amyloidosis Finnish type.Methods:The clinical characteristic of a 60-year-old female who admitted to Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University in June 2020 was analyzed. Meanwhile, the patient underwent electrophysiological examination, biopsy of labial gland, rectum and skin and gene sequencing analysis.Results:The patient presented left facial paralysis at the age of 50, right facial paralysis and thickening of lips at the age of 55, dysarthria and dysphagia at the age of 56. Physical examination of the patient showed signs of cranial nerves involvement and skin thinning and smoothness. Slit lamp showed corneal lattice dystrophy. Electrophysiological findings of the patient suggested bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome. Latencies were prolonged in bilateral visual evoked potential P100. The deep sensory conduction pathways in bilateral C 7 to biparietal and T 12 to biparietal cortex were abnormal. Pathology of the three biopsies of the patient showed the presence of amyloid deposition in the basement membrane around the glands. The heterozygous mutation of c.654 G>T in exon 4 of gelsolin (GSN) gene in the patient resulted in Asp187 Tyr mutation (p.D187Y). Conclusions:The patient with familial amyloidosis Finnish type was characterized by slowly progressive multiple group cranial neuropathy accompanied by corneal lattice dystrophy and skin changes. Optic nerve and spinal cord posterior funiculus sensory conduction pathway and D187Y mutation of GSN gene were involved.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885289

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluatte the high risk factors of stent occlusion in patients with acute iliofemoral vein thrombosis and Cockett syndrome.Methods:The clinical data of 178 patients of Cockett syndrome and acute lower extremity deep vein thrombosis from Jan 2014 to Dec 2016 was analyzed retrospectively. All patients underwent catheter directed thrombolysis or percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy combined with stent placement. The patency rate of stent was followed up by color Doppler ultrasound. Patients were divided into study group (stent occlusion) and control group (stent patency).Results:The stent patency rate at 6 months was 83.7%, body mass index ( OR=1.245, 95% CI: 1.097-1.413), time of thrombosis more than 2 weeks ( OR=3.899, 95% CI: 1.147-13.257), low thrombus clearance ( OR=0.238, 95% CI: 0.117-0.486) was the high risk factor of short-term stent occlusion. Stent patency rate at 3 years was 75.3%, body mass index( OR=1.225, 95% CI: 1.076-1.394), thrombosis history more than 2 weeks( OR=11.777, 95% CI: 2.576-53.832), malignant tumor( OR=4.444, 95% CI: 1.153-17.127) , compression therapy( OR=0.332, 95% CI: 0.113-0.977), low thrombus clearance( OR=0.184, 95% CI: 0.089-0.381), long stents( OR=8.427, 95% CI: 2.329-30.488) was the high risk factor for mid-term stent occlusion. Conclusions:Obesity, the duration of thrombus longer than 2 weeks and low thrombus clearance are the high risk factors of early stent occlusion, while malignant tumor, irregular compression therapy and long stents may lead to lower medium and long term patency rate of the stent.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL