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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 255-260, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969980

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of Shugan Tiaoshen acupuncture (acupuncture for soothing the liver and regulating the mentality) combined with western medication on depression and sleep quality in the patients with depression-insomnia comorbidity due to COVID-19 quarantine, and investigate the potential mechanism from the perspective of cortical excitability.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients with depression-insomnia comorbidity due to COVID-19 quarantine were randomly divided into an acupuncture group and a sham-acupuncture group, 30 cases in each one. The patients of both groups were treated with oral administration of sertraline hydrochloride tablets. In the acupuncture group, Shugan Tiaoshen acupuncture was supplemented. Body acupuncture was applied to Yintang (GV 24+), Baihui (GV 20), Hegu (LI 4), Zhaohai (KI 6), Qihai (CV 6), etc. The intradermal needling was used at Xin (CO15), Gan (CO12) and Shen (CO10). In the sham-acupuncture group, the sham-acupuncture was given at the same points as the acupuncture group. The compensatory treatment was provided at the end of follow-up for the patients in the sham-acupuncture group. In both groups, the treatment was given once every two days, 3 times a week, for consecutive 8 weeks. The self-rating depression scale (SDS) and insomnia severity index (ISI) scores were compared between the two groups before and after treatment and 1 month after the end of treatment (follow-up) separately. The cortical excitability indexes (resting motor threshold [rMT], motor evoked potential amplitude [MEP-A], cortical resting period [CSP]) and the level of serum 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) were measured before and after treatment in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment and in follow-up, SDS and ISI scores were decreased in both groups compared with those before treatment (P<0.05), and the scores in the acupuncture group were lower than those in the sham-acupuncture group (P<0.05), and the decrease range in the acupuncture group after treatment was larger than that in the sham-acupuncture group (P<0.05). After treatment, rMT was reduced (P<0.05), while MEP-A and CSP were increased (P<0.05) in the acupuncture group compared with that before treatment. The levels of serum 5-HT in both groups were increased compared with those before treatment (P<0.05). The rMT in the acupuncture group was lower than that in the sham-acupuncture group, while MEP-A and CSP, as well as the level of serum 5-HT were higher in the acupuncture group in comparison with the sham-acupuncture group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Shugan Tiaoshen acupuncture combined with western medication can relieve depression and improve sleep quality in the patients with depression-insomnia comorbidity due to COVID-19 quarantine, which is probably related to rectifying the imbalanced excitatory and inhibitory neuronal functions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression , Quarantine , Serotonin , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , COVID-19 , Acupuncture Therapy , Comorbidity
2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 111-116, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969813

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men and women worldwide, and 85% of these patients have non-small cell lung cancer. In recent years, the clinical use of targeted drug therapy and immune checkpoint inhibitors has dramatically changed the treatment landscape for advanced NSCLC. The mechanism and the value of targeted therapies have been a hot topic of research, as KRAS is one of the earliest discovered and most frequently mutated oncogenes, which is activated by binding to GTP and triggers a series of cascade reactions in cell proliferation and mitosis. The KRAS protein acts as a molecular switch and is activated by binding to GTP, triggering a series of cascade responses in cell proliferation and mitosis. Clinically, patients with KRAS mutated NSCLC have poor response to systemic medical therapy and poor prognosis. Since the first report of KRAS gene in 1982, research on KRAS targeted therapeutics has been slow, and previous studies such as farnesyltransferase inhibitors and downstream protein inhibitors of KRAS signaling pathway have not achieved the expected results, making KRAS long defined as a "non-druggable target". The deeper understanding of the crystal structure of KRAS has led to the discovery of potential therapeutic sites for KRAS and the development of several drugs directly targeting KRAS, especially KRAS G12C inhibitors such as AMG510 (sotorasib) and MRTX849 (adagrasib), which have shown encouraging results in clinical trials. In recent years, studies on the therapeutic efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors for KRAS-mutated NSCLC have made some progress. In this review, we systematically introduce the basic understanding of RAS gene and clinical characteristics of KRAS mutated NSCLC patients, summarize the medical treatments for KRAS mutated NSCLC, including chemotherapy, anti-vascular drug therapy and tumor immunotherapy, and focus on the review and outlook of the research progress of KRAS targeted therapy.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/therapeutic use , Genes, ras , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Guanosine Triphosphate/therapeutic use , Mutation
3.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 44-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961828

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the impacts of electroacupuncture (EA) on the expression of hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and acetylated histone (AcH3) in the rat model of spared nerve injury (SNI), so as to explore the analgesic and antidepressant effects of EA. MethodsTwenty-four Male SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, with 6 in each group. SNI was used to establish the model of pain and depression. All the groups were intervened one week after SNI surgery and persisted 5 weeks. The EA group was treated with EA (2 Hz) for 30 min every other day and imipramine drug group (IMP) group with peritoneal imipramine injection (10 mg/kg) per day. The sham surgery group (SS) and model group (SNI) received the same grasping stimulation. The paw mechanical withdrawal threshold (PWT) test was performed before the SNI surgery, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 weeks after surgery, respectively. The forced swimming test (FST) and the sucrose preference test (SPT) were performed 6 weeks after SNI surgery. The Western blot method was employed to detect the expression of BDNF and AcH3 from the rat hippocampal tissue at the end of the behavioral tests. ResultsCompared with the SS group, the SNI group had significantly decreased PWT and sucrose consumption, prolonged FST immobility time (all P<0.01), down-regulated BDNF and AcH3 expression (P<0.05 & P<0.01) in the hippocampus, which indicated the successful construction of the pain-depression model. Compared with the SNI group, 6 weeks after SNI surgery, the EA and IMP groups had significantly increased PWT and sucrose consumption, and reduced FST immobility time (all P<0.01); the EA group had up-regulated BDNF and AcH3 expression (both P<0.05) in the hippocampus, the IMP group had up-regulated AcH3 (P<0.05) expression but no difference in BDNF expression. ConclusionEA could relieve pain and depressive behavioral symptoms in SNI rats. And its analgesic and antidepressant mechanisms may relate to the up-regulation of hippocampal AcH3 and BDNF expression.

4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 390-394, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980733

ABSTRACT

The traditional life concept of "body-mind holism" in Chinese medicine has drawn a special attention with the development of modern psychosomatic medicine. The "body-mind holism" is valuable in the guidance for clinical acupuncture practice, but, it is only remained on the theoretical significance by the medical masters in the past dynasties. In the paper, based on the understanding of Huangdi Neijing (Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic), the similarities and differences are compared between the body-mind theory and psychosomatic medicine. In association with clinical observation, from three aspects, i.e. body-mind pathogenesis, acupoint detection and observing the mind, and body-mind treatment, the guidance of "body-mind holism" is explored for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of acupuncture and moxibustion; the referents of "body" and "mind" are clarified in views of disease, diagnosis and treatment; and the treatment strategies of acupuncture and moxibustion are discussed in the perspective of "body-mind holism".


Subject(s)
Moxibustion , Psychosomatic Medicine , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 374-378, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980731

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the impacts of acupuncture on depressive mood and sleep quality in patients with comorbid mild-to-moderate depressive disorder and insomnia, and explore its effect mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with comorbid mild-to-moderate depressive disorder and insomnia were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the observation group, acupuncture and low frequency repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) were combined for the intervention. Acupuncture was applied to Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 24+), Neiguan (PC 6) and Yanglingquan (GB 34), etc., the needles were retained for 30 min; and the intradermal needles were embedded at Xinshu (BL 15) and Danshu (BL 19) for 2 days. After acupuncture, the rTMS was delivered at the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (R-DLPFC), with 1 Hz and 80% of movement threshold, lasting 30 min in each treatment. In the control group, the sham-acupuncture was adopted, combined with low frequency rTMS. The acupoint selection and manipulation were the same as the observation group. In the two groups, acupuncture was given once every two days, 3 times weekly; while, rTMS was operated once daily, for consecutive 5 days a week. The duration of treatment consisted of 4 weeks. Hamilton depression scale-17 (HAMD-17) and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) scores were observed before and after treatment, as well as 1 month after the treatment completion (follow-up period) separately. Besides, the levels of nerve growth factor (BDNF) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the serum were detected before and after treatment in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment and in follow-up, the HAMD-17 scores were lower than those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05), and the scores in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the total scores and the scores of each factor of PSQI were reduced in the two groups in comparison with those before treatment except for the score of sleep efficiency in the control group (P<0.05); the total PSQI score and the scores for sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep efficiency and daytime dysfunction in the observation group were all lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). In the follow-up, except for the scores of sleep duration and sleep efficiency in the control group, the total PSQI score and the scores of all the other factors were reduced compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05); the total PSQI score and the scores of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep efficiency and daytime dysfunction in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of serum BDNF and GABA were increased in comparison with those before treatment in the observation group (P<0.05), and the level of serum BDNF was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture relieves depressive mood and improves sleep quality in patients with comorbid mild-to-moderate depressive disorder and insomnia. The effect mechanism may be related to the regulation of BDNF and GABA levels and the promotion of brain neurological function recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Depressive Disorder
6.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 1060-1067, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999000

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the influencing factors of different scores on predicting death risk of extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI). MethodsA total of 186 cases of ELBWI admitted by the Children's Hospital affiliated to Nanjing Medical University and the Lishui Branch of the Affiliated Zhongda Hospital of Southeast University were admitted from January 1, 2019 to January 1, 2021, and 125 ELBWIs were finally included after screening by inclusion and exclusion criteria. There were 47 cases in the death group and 78 cases in the survival group. General data and the items of score for neonatal acute physiology version Ⅱ (SNAP-Ⅱ), simplified version of the score for neonatal acute physiology perinatal extension (SNAPPE-Ⅱ), clinical risk index for babies (CRIB), clinical risk index for babies Ⅱ (CRIB-Ⅱ) and the national critical illness score (NCIS) were collected. Univariate and multivariate analysis was performed and nomogram was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). ResultsIt was found that systolic blood pressure, maximum inhaled oxygen concentration, BE value and birth weight were important factors in ELBWI mortality risk assessment [systolic blood pressure OR: 0.968, 95%CI: 0.938-0.999, P=0.043; maximum inhaled oxygen concentration OR: 1.020, 95%CI: 1.006-1.034, P=0.006; BE OR: 0.868, 95%CI: 0.786-0.959, P=0.005; birth weight OR: 0.994, 95%CI: 0.991-0.997, P=0.000]. ROC showed that the area under the curve of the above four variables is 0.71, and the 95% confidence interval is 0.610-0.799, which is better than CRIB score. ConclusionLower systolic blood pressure, higher inhaled oxygen concentration, higher BE and lower birthweight are important influencing factors to predict the death risk of ELBWI. The above four items should be included in the newly developed score assessment to obtain a more effective ELBWI prediction system.

7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1307-1310, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007488

ABSTRACT

Professor FU Wen-bin, based on the concept of the "yang-oriented approach", identifies "yang deficiency with excess yin" as the underlying pathological mechanism of "five delays and five weaknesses" in children. He recommends a treatment model that included acupuncture, moxibustion, and rehabilitation, integrating various therapeutic methods of acupuncture, refined moxibustion, and auricular point sticking. Specific acupoints along the conception vessel, governor vessel, and bladder meridian, as well as related acupoints with tonifying effects on spleen and kidney, are selected to achieve the therapeutic goal of "promoting yang and nourishing yang simultaneously".


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Moxibustion , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture
8.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 201-205, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006115

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the safety, feasibility and clinical efficacy of modified anterior robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALRP) with preservation of Retzius space. 【Methods】 The clinical data of 10 patients who underwent RALRP using the modified anterior approach to preserve the Retzius space in our hospital during June 2021 and March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, including the preoperative, intraoperative, postoperative and follow-up data. 【Results】 All operations were successful without conversion to open surgery. The average operation time (robotic arm operation time) was (98.6±47.7) min, blood loss (105.0±57.3) mL, postoperative drainage tube indwelling time (5.3±1.3) d, postoperative urinary catheter indwelling time (7.2±0.8) d, and postoperative hospital stay (9.2±2.2) d. Urinary continence was achieved immediately after removal of the urinary catheter in 6 patients, 2 patients recovered 2 weeks after extubation, and 2 patients recovered 3 months after extubation. Postoperative pathology showed pT2a stage in 1 case, pT2b stage in 2 cases, and pT2c stage in 7 cases; Gleason score was 6-7 points; all postoperative resection margins were negative. During the follow-up of 3-12 months, no tumor recurrence was observed, and no patient was readmitted due to surgical complications. 【Conclusion】 RALRP with modified anterior approach to preserve the Retzius space is safe and feasible, with no serious complications during and after surgery, and the early postoperative urinary continence effect is comparable to that of the posterior approach.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 97-102, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940357

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical efficacy and mechanism of Tongxie Yaofang in treating diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome(IBS-D) patients with liver depression and spleen deficiency. MethodA total of 168 IBS-D patients with liver depression and spleen deficiency who were treated from August 2017 to June 2021 were divided into observation group and control group by random number table,84 in each group. The observation group was administrated with Tongxie Yaofang decoction-free granules orally,and the control group received oral treatment of pinaverium bromide,both for 4 weeks. The main symptoms of IBS were compared before and after treatment,such as the degree of abdominal pain,stool changes,traditional Chinese medicine pattern curative effect scoring system(TCM-PES),IBS quality of life questionnaire (IBS-QOL),IBS symptom severity scale(IBS-SSS),self-rating anxiety scale (SAS),and self-rating depression scale(SDS). Nimodipine was used to evaluate the efficacy based on TCM syndrome score of liver depression and Qi stagnation. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was conducted to detect the plasma interleukin-10(IL-10)and IL-12 before and after treatment. ResultAfter 4 weeks of treatment, the response rate of abdominal pain in observation group was 92.86% (78/84), higher than that in control group (82.14%, 69/84)(χ2=6.254,P<0.05). The response rates of diarrhea in observation group and control group were 91.67% (77/84)and 77.38% (65/84), respectively(χ2=8.214,P<0.01). TCM-PES and IBS-QOL scores of observation group after treatment were higher and IBS-SSS score was lower than those of control group (P<0.05). The efficacy rate of TCM syndromes in observation group was higher than that of control group (P<0.05). Additionally, after treatment, the observation group had lower SAS and SDS scores (P<0.05)and IL-12 level(P<0.05)and higher plasma IL-10 level than the control group (P<0.05). ConclusionTongxie Yaofang can relieve abdominal pain and diarrhea in IBS-D patients with liver depression and spleen deficiency,reduce negative emotion,and improve the quality of life of patients,which may be related to alleviating the visceral hypersensitivity.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 335-338, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933228

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of robot-assisted laparoscopic and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RAPN and LPN) for patients with completely endophytic renal tumor.Methods:A total of 73 patients with completely endophytic renal tumor receiving RAPN (n=29) or LPN (n=44) in our center between January 2015 and June 2021 were retrospectively collected. There were 21 males and 8 females in RAPN group. The average age was 48.6±13.7 years old, average tumor size was 2.9±0.9 cm with 13 left tumors and 16 right tumors, average R. E.N.A.L. score was 9.2±1.0, and average preoperative eGFR was 82.6±10.7 ml/(min·1.73 m 2). There were 27 males and 17 females in LPN group. The average age was 50.1±12.3 years old, average tumor size was 2.9±0.9 cm with 24 left tumors and 20 right tumors, average R. E.N.A.L. score was 9.1±1.3, and average preoperative eGFR was 81.7±9.6 ml/(min·1.73 m 2). There was no significant difference in above variables between two groups. The operative time, warm ischemia time, blood loss, postoperative complication, postoperative hospital stay and postoperative 3 months renal function of two groups were compared. Results:All 73 patients successfully underwent RAPN or LPN and no patient converted to radical nephrectomy or open surgery. There was no significant difference in operation time [140(80, 160) min vs. 150 (90, 180) min, P=0.264], intraoperative estimated blood loss[150 (100, 200)vs. 180 (120, 200) ml, P=0.576]and postoperative hospital stay (7.0±2.7 vs. 7.4±2.1 days, P=0.480) between two groups. Compared with LPN group, RAPN group had obvious less warm ischemia time (23.1±3.3 vs. 27.6±4.7 min, P<0.001). No obvious complication occurred in RAPN group and one case with postoperative hemorrhage occurred in LPN group. No positive margin occurred in either group. There was no difference in renal function 3 months after operation between the two groups [73.2±6.3 vs.70.5±7.6ml/(min·1.73 m 2), P=0.117]. The median follow-up period was 22.6 months with no tumor recurrence or metastasis. Conclusions:For experienced surgeons, both RAPN and LPN are safe and feasible for patients with completely endophytic renal tumor. Compared with LPN, RAPN has advantages of perioperative curative effect, which could reduce the operating difficulty and shorten the warm ischemia time.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 257-260, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933208

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy and cost of robot-assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy with da Vinci Xi and Si surgical system in the treatment of adrenal tumors.Methods:The clinical data of 99 patients performing robotic-assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy in our hospital between June 2019 and December 2020 were retrospective analyzed. Among them, 57 cases were Si system robot assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy (group Si), 35 male, 22 female; age (45.6±14.0)years; BMI(21.0±1.2); 6 with diabetes, 10 hypertension, 14 with abdominal surgery; 28 left, 29 right; 9 ASA score ≥3; tumor diameter (3.9±1.2)cm. There were 42 cases of Xi system robot-assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy (group Xi), 21 male, 21 female; age(44.8±14.5)years; BMI(21.4±1.8); 2 with diabetes, 12 hypertension, 11 with abdominal surgery; 15 left, 27 right; 7 with ASA score ≥3; tumor diameter (3.7±1.1) cm. Sex, age, BMI, comorbidities, history of abdominal surgery, lateral division, ASA score, and tumor diameter were not significantly different between the two groups ( P>0.05). Operation method: except for the different docking procedures, the same surgical procedures were roughly performed in the two groups. The docking method of the Si group was the doctor holding the attractor as the guide. The operating room nurse introduced the robot cart under the guidance of the attractor, and then completed the docking.Group Xi docking adoptd the own laser positioning system of the robot system, without manual positioning and guidance; the mechanical arm of the Xi system was also more flexible. Complications were graded according to the Clavien-Dindo grading system. Comparing the treatment effect, safety, and cost of the two groups were compared. Results:The anesthesia times in the Si and Xi groups were (140.0±24.3) min and (125.6±26.4) min ( P=0.006), respectively. The surgical times in the Si and Xi groups were (109.0±18.8) min and (98.8±20.7) min (P=0.013), respectively. The docking times between the Si and Xi groups were (7.8±1.4) min and (5.0±0.9) min ( P<0.001), respectively. The estimated intraoperative blood loss in the Si and Xi groups was (121.5±70.8) ml and (124.7±68.9) ml ( P=0.824), respectively. The postoperative indwelling times of the drainage tube in the Si and Xi groups were (3.4±1.2) d and (3.4±1.3) d ( P=0.892), respectively. Postoperative bed times in the Si and Xi groups were (2.3±1.0) d and (2.5±1.2) d ( P=0.419), respectively. Postoperative hospitalization times in the Si and Xi groups were (6.4±1.5) d and (6.2±1.5) d ( P=0.484), respectively. Post Clavien ≥ grade 3 complications were four and two in groups Si and Xi, respectively ( P=0.642). The total cost during hospitalization in the Si and Xi groups was (51 975.2±7 320.8) Yuan and (56 830.9±8 392.5) Yuan, respectively ( P=0.003). The surgery and consumables costs for the Si and Xi groups were (23 785.3±4 063.1) Yuan and (28 021.2±6 066.8) Yuan ( P<0.001), respectively. Conclusions:Compared with the Si system, the Xi system robot-assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy can provide similar perioperative results and safety, and shorten the time of anesthesia and surgery, but the total cost of hospitalization is increased.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 81-85, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933167

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of modified early unclamping technique in robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RAPN) for patients with renal tumors.Methods:A total of 32 renal tumor patients undergoing RAPN with modified early unclamping technique between January 2019 and August 2020 were retrospectively collected, including 18 males and 14 females. The average age was (48.5±11.2) years old, average BMI was (23.8±3.7) kg/m 2, average tumor size was (4.2±1.4)cm with 18 left tumors and 14 right tumors, average R. E.N.A.L. score was 7.6±0.4, and average preoperative eGFR was (84.0±18.6)ml/(min·1.73 m 2). The control group included 66 renal tumor patients undergoing RAPN with standard unclamping technique during the same period by the same surgeon, including 42 males and 24 females. The average age was (50.2±13.8) years old, average BMI was (24.0±4.5)kg/m 2, average tumor size was (4.1±1.6)cm with 35 left tumors and 31 right tumors, average R. E.N.A.L. score was 7.5±0.5, and average preoperative eGFR was (82.8±20.2) ml/(min·1.73 m 2). There was no significant difference in above variables between two groups. Modified early unclamping technique used barbed wire to continually suture 2-3 needles in a short time to close the large space at the outer after the inner suture, and then loosen the blocking clip to restore renal blood supply. The operative time, warm ischemia time, blood loss, postoperative tube removal time, postoperative hospital stay and 3 months postoperative renal function of two groups were compared. Results:All of the 98 RAPN were performed successfully and no patient was converted to radical nephrectomy or open surgery. There was no significant difference in operation time [(120.9±22.8)vs.(111.6±25.0)min, P=0.079], postoperative tube removal time [(4.0±0.6)day vs.(3.8±0.8) day, P=0.214] and postoperative hospital stay [(5.1±0.7)day vs.(5.2±0.5) day, P=0.419] between the two groups. Compared with the standard unclamping group, the modified early unclamping group had obvious less warm ischemia time [(13.5±3.6)min vs.(21.2±4.4) min, P<0.001]. There was no difference in intraoperative estimated blood loss between two groups (110 ml vs. 100 ml, P=0.480). No blood transfusion, urine leakage, postoperative hemorrhage occurred in either group. The 3 months postoperative renal function decline of modified early unclamping group was slightly less than standard unclamping group [(10.5±7.6)ml/(min·1.73m 2)vs.(13.2±6.4) ml/(min·1.73m 2)], but did not reach statistical significance ( P=0.069). The median follow-up period was 12.4 months(4-24 months) without any recurrence or metastasis. Conclusions:The modified early unclamping technique in RAPN for patients with renal tumors is safe and feasible. Compared with the standard unclamping technique, the modified early unclamping technique could shorten the warm ischemia time without increasing blood loss and complications, and might protect the postoperative renal function, which has high value in clinical practice.

13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 765-770, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939660

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the value of autotaxin (an autocrine motility factor) level in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in predicting refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP) in children and its correlation with interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and C-reactive protein (CRP).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 238 children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia who were admitted from January 2019 to December 2021. According to disease severity, they were divided into two groups: RMPP (n=82) and general Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (GMPP; n=156). The two groups were compared in terms of the levels of autotaxin, IL-6, IL-8, and CRP in serum and BALF to study the value of autotaxin level in serum and BALF in predicting RMPP in children, as well as the correlation of autotaxin level with IL-6, IL-8, and CRP in children with RMPP.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the GMPP group, the RMPP group had significantly higher levels of autotaxin, IL-6, IL-8, and CRP in serum and BALF (P<0.05). For the children with RMPP, the levels of autotaxin, IL-6, IL-8, and CRP in serum and BALF in the acute stage were significantly higher than those in the convalescent stage (P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the level of autotaxin in serum and BALF had a good value in predicting RMPP in children, with an area under the curve of 0.874 (95%CI: 0.816-0.935) and 0.862 (95%CI: 0.802-0.924), respectively. The correlation analysis showed that the level of autotaxin in serum and BALF was positively correlated with IL-6, IL-8, and CRP levels (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The level of autotaxin in serum and BALF increases and is correlated with the degree of disease recovery and inflammatory cytokines in children with RMPP. Autotaxin can be used as a predictive indicator for RMPP in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , C-Reactive Protein , Cytokines , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 834-838, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939542

ABSTRACT

Based on the clinical needs and examination requirements of standardized training students, the China national standardized training textbook Acupuncture and Moxibustion for residents of traditional Chinese medicine has made innovations in the textbook content and form. In the part of meridians and acupoints, the classic original text is introduced and the main indications and operation methods of 200 commonly-used acupoints are summarized in the form of tables. In the part of acupuncture and moxibustion technique, the operating procedures are standardized and the core technical points of 20 commonly-used acupuncture and moxibustion techniques are summarized in the form of flow chart. In the part of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment, 48 typical diseases are introduced in the form of case discussion, highlighting the problem orientation and demonstrating the diagnosis and treatment procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture/education , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Moxibustion
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 303-306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927378

ABSTRACT

Based on the thinking of integrative and holistic acupuncture and moxibustion, FU Wen -bin proposes to treat depression complicated with obsessive-compulsive disorder from perspective of heart and gallbladder. In clinical practice, the treatment pattern of "acupuncture at the top priority, followed by moxibustion, and consolidation at the end" is applied, acupuncture, refined moxibustion, intradermal needle and other therapies are comprehensively adopted, acupoints on the heart meridian, pericardium meridian and gallbladder meridian are selected or back-shu points and front-mu points of the heart, gallbladder and pericardium are matched, and the acupoints on the conception vessel and governor vessel and with the functions of tonifying kidney and regulating qi are added to calm the heart and tranquilize the mind, so as the symptoms of depression and obsessive-compulsive can be effectively relieved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression/therapy , Gallbladder , Meridians , Moxibustion , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1249-1252, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877396

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To observe curative effect and safety of slanted bilateral lateral rectus recession for convergence insufficiency-type intermittent exotropia.<p>METHODS:This study included 29 patients who underwent slanted bilateral lateral rectus recession for convergence insufficiency-type intermittent exotropia in our hospital between October 2017 and November 2019 with a follow-up of 6mo, the deviation, the surgical success rate, the binocular vision function and the complications were observed.<p>RESULTS:In our study, the mean near deviations, the mean distance deviations and the near-distance deviation differences reduced from -41.72±3.35PD, -23.28±9.75PD and 16.90±2.47PD before surgery to -5.97±4.85PD, -2.66±4.78PD, 3.28±1.10PD 6mo after surgery, the surgical success rate was 76%. The Grades I and Ⅱ binocular vision function improved 6mo after surgery(<i>P</i><0.05), the distance stereopsis and the near stereopsis were not statistically significant(<i>P</i>>0.05). None of the patients developed A-V pattern, limitation of eye movement, restrictive strabismus, vertical strabismus, and rotated diplopia, some patients had transient horizontal diplopia, which disappeared within 2-3wk after surgery.<p>CONCLUSION:Slanted bilateral lateral rectus recession may successfully reduce the near exodeviations, the distance exodeviations and the near-distance deviations difference without obvious complications, proved to be a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of convergence insufficiency-type intermittent exotropia.

17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 757-761, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887478

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the curative effect of refined moxibustion, traditional moxa box moxibustion and Chinese patent medicine on the sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease with @*METHODS@#A total of 150 patients with sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease with @*RESULTS@#After treatment, the TCM symptoms, body signs and comprehensive scores of each group were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional moxa box moxibustion and Chinese patent medicine treatment, refined moxibustion can better improve the symptoms, body signs and quality of life in patients with the sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease of


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Moxibustion , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/therapy , Qi , Quality of Life
18.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 340-343, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907180

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and related adverse reactions of ixazomib-based chemotherapy regimens in the treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM).Methods:Twenty-one patients with RRMM who received ≥2 courses of ixazomib-based chemotherapy regimens in Heze Municipal Hospital and Zoucheng People's Hospital of Shandong Province from October 2018 to February 2020 were collected. Among them, 15 patients had previously received the bortezomib-based regimens, 10 patients had received the lenalidomide-based regimens, and 6 patients had received the treatment regimens containing the above two drugs. The patients were treated by a two-drug or three-drug regimen: 4 mg ixazomib was taken orally on day 1, 8 and 15 in combination with other drugs (dexamethasone, cyclophosphamide or lenalidomide). The therapeutic efficacy and safety were evaluated after the 2nd and the 4th treatment cycles.Results:The overall response rate (ORR) of 21 patients with RRMM after 2 treatment cycles was 38.09% (8/21), including 6 cases of partial remission (PR) and 2 cases of very good partial remission (VGPR). After 4 cycles, ORR was 57.14% (12/21), including 7 cases of PR, 4 cases of VGPR, and 1 case of complete remission (CR). The incidence of grade 3-4 adverse reactions of the ixazomib-based chemotherapy regimens was 23.81% (5/21). Hematological adverse reactions included neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and anemia, and other common adverse reactions included the digestive tract reactions, fatigue, hypokalemia, etc., and the peripheral nerve adverse reactions were all grade 2 or below grade 2.Conclusion:The ixazomib-based chemotherapy regimens are effective and safe in treating RRMM.

19.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 449-457, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880681

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish mouse bone marrow transplantation by pretreatment with chemotherapy, and to explore the dynamic changes of immune cells in the early stage of allogeneic transplantation in the spleen of mice.@*METHODS@#Mice were divided into 4 groups (80 mg/kg group, 100 mg/kg group, 120 mg/kg group, and 150 mg/kg group) according to the difference in dose of busulfan. The mice were treated with busulfan and cyclophosphamide combined chemotherapy, and the appropriate dosage was determined by evaluating the myeloablative effect and drug toxicity. According to the type of the genetic transplantation, the mice were also divided into 4 groups: An allogeneic transplantation group, a homogenic transplantation group, a chemotherapy alone group, and a normal control group. The mice were pretreated with busulfan and cyclophosphamide before bone marrow transplantation. In the allogeneic transplantation group, the suspension of splenocytes was prepared at the first day, the 3rd day, the 5th day, and the 8th day after transplantation for flow cytometry detection, and the dynamic changes of splenic immune cells were analyzed. The homogeneic transplantation group served as the concurrent control, the normal control group served as the control of basic value of spleen immune cells, and the chemotherapy alone group was used to evaluate the myeloablative effect.@*RESULTS@#1) The optimal dose of busulfan was 100 mg/kg. The combination of busulfan and cyclophosphamide can restore the hematopoiesis of transplanted mice, and the toxicity associated with pretreatment is small. 2) In the allogeneic transplantation group: The hematopoietic reconstitution and high donor chimerism rate were achieved after transplantation. In the early phase of bone marrow transplantation, the T lymphocytes were the main cell group, while the recovery of B lymphocytes was relatively delayed. The dendritic cells and natural killer cells from donors were the earliest cells to recover and achieve high chimerism rate compared with T cells and B cells. Most T cells were in the initial T cell state within 5 days after allogeneic transplantation. However, in the 5th day after transplantation, these cells were mainly in the effective memory phenotype. The reconstruction of donor-derived naive T cells was slow, but the reconstruction of donor-derived effective memory T cells and regulatory T cells was relatively fast. 3) In the homogeneic transplantation group: The mice could recover hematopoiesis and the recovery of B lymphocytes was delayed. 4) In the chemotherapy alone group: All mice died in 12-15 days after chemotherapy, and the peripheral blood routine showed pancytopenia before death.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pretreatment with chemotherapy can successfully establish the mouse model of bone marrow transplantation. There are difference in the proportion of T cells, B cells, natural killer cells, dendritic cells, effector memory T cells, initial T cells, and regulatory T cells after transplantation, and the relationship between donor and recipient is also changed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Bone Marrow Cells , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Busulfan , Cell Proliferation , Kinetics , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Transplantation, Homologous
20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 118-123, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905996

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the clinical efficacy of Xuesusheng granule for cancer related fatigue (CRF) deficiency of both Qi and blood in clinical practice, and to investigate its effect on immune function and quality of life. Method:According to random number table method, 118 patients were divided into observation group (59 cases) and control group (59 cases). Patients in control group got Ejiao Huangqi oral liquid, 10-20 mL/time, 2 times/day. Patients in observation group got Xuesusheng granule, 10 g/time, 3 times/day. The treatment was continued for 8 weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment, scores of cancer fatigue scale (CFS), functional assessment of cancer therapy (FACT) and Qi and blood deficiency syndrome were graded, and degree of fatigue was discussed with brief fatigue inventory scale-Chinese (BFI-C). Levels of white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophil count (NEU), platelet count (PLT), red blood cell count (RBC), and hemoglobin (Hb) were compared before and after treatment.T lymphocyte subsets of (CD3<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup>) levels, natural killer (NK) cells, interleukin-1(IL-1), IL-6, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor -<italic>α</italic> (TNF -<italic>α</italic>) were also detected, and the safety was evaluated. Result:After treatment the scores of each factor in CFS scale and the total score of CFS in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the degree of fatigue was lower than that in control group (<italic>Z</italic>=2.101, <italic>P</italic><0.05). The total score of FACT and the scores of four dimensions of physiology, society/family, emotion and function in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Levels of WBC, NEU, RBC and Hb in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Scores of BFI-C, deficiency of Qi and blood<italic> </italic>were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Levels of NK, CD3<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup> and CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup> in the observation group were all higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the IL-1, CD8<sup>+</sup>, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-<italic>α</italic> levels in observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Not observed, there was no adverse reaction related to Xususheng granule. Conclusion:Xuesusheng granule can improve the symptoms of fatigue, reduce the degree of fatigue, improve the quality of life, reduce the degree of bone marrow suppression, improve immune function, and regulate immune inflammatory factors with high clinical efficacy in the use for patients with CRF and deficiency of Qi and blood.

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